Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1050
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Koyama Nobuyuki - - 2006
Factors predicting gefitinib sensitivity and adverse events in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain controversial. Correlations among clinicopathological characteristics, gefitinib sensitivity and adverse events were studied in 154 patients with NSCLC, whereas epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations were analyzed in 44 patients. Female, non-smoker, adenocarcinoma of stage I-II, and ...
Roberts R L - - 2007
Around 9% of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are resistant to azathioprine. We hypothesized that these patients may carry mutations within inosine-5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH). To test this hypothesis, we screened 20 azathioprine-resistant patients for variations in the two IMPDH genes (IMPDH1 and IMPDH2) using dHPLC and DNA sequencing. A 9 ...
Speletas Matthaios - - 2007
Recently, the acquired mutation JAK2-V617F has been described in the majority of patients with myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs). In this study we evaluated its clinical and laboratory correlates in 166 patients with MPDs. The mutation was detected by allele-specific PCR in 119 patients: 81.4% (35/43) of those with polycythemia vera, 69.1% ...
Yeh Chun-Nan - - 2006
PURPOSE: Imatinib mesylate showed a sustained objective response in patients with advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) since its introduction in 2001. Here we reported genetic changes during imatinib mesylate treatment especially when the patient had partial response or stationary disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2001 and June 2005, 44 advanced ...
Maegawa Gustavo H B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile GM2 gangliosidosis is a group of inherited neurodegenerative diseases caused by deficiency of lysosomal beta-hexosaminidase resulting in GM2 ganglioside accumulation in brain. The purpose of this study was to delineate the natural history of the condition and identify genotype-phenotype correlations that might be helpful in predicting the course ...
Crispim Daisy - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of maternal and paternal history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in relatives of 644 type 2 diabetic patients from Southern Brazil, and also to evaluate its influence on the clinical characteristics of this disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Familial history of type 2 DM was ...
Mitter Diana - - 2006
Maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 14 [upd(14)mat] is associated with a characteristic phenotype including pre- and postnatal growth retardation, muscular hypotonia, feeding problems, motor delay, small hands and feet, precocious puberty and truncal obesity. Patients with upd(14)mat show features overlapping with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and are probably underdiagnosed. Maternal upd(14) ...
Margot N A NA Gilead Sciences, Inc., Foster City, CA 94404, - - 2006
Study 903 was a 144-week, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled study of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in treatment-naive HIV-1-infected patients. Patients received either TDF (n = 299) or stavudine (d4T) (n = 301) with lamivudine (3TC) and efavirenz (EFV). Resistance analyses were performed at baseline and at virological failure to determine ...
Blanch Alvaro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: C1 Inhibitor (C1-Inh) deficiency causes angioedema and can be hereditary (HAE), caused by mutations in the C1-Inh gene (C1NH), or acquired (AAE). Patients with HAE show a complement profile different from that of patients with AAE with normal levels of C1 (C1q, C1r, and C1s). OBJECTIVE: We sought to ...
Samuelsson Jan - - 2006
Twenty-five patients with myeloproliferative diseases were treated with pegylated interferon alpha-2b. Prior to therapy, 15/25 patients had a JAK2(V617F) mutation. Eight JAK2-positive patients were on therapy in hematological complete remission at 24 months. Five of eight patients demonstrated a 1.2-3.6 fold reduction in the percentage of JAK2(V617F) cells.
Klinge Lars - - 2006
While much is known about the clinical course of adult FSHD, the third most common inherited muscular dystrophy, data on the "infantile phenotype" and especially on the progression of the disease in children are limited. We have followed a cohort of 7 patients with infantile FSHD for 9-25 years and ...
Caroli F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We report the experience of the Italian Registry of patients affected by chronic infantile neurological, cutaneous, articular (CINCA) syndrome. The clinical and genetic features of 12 unrelated Italian patients with CINCA syndrome are described, focusing on the possible influence of the presence of CIAS1/cryopyrin mutations on the phenotype of ...
Donati Maria Alice - - 2006
We describe two patients affected by Barth syndrome. Their symptoms became manifest on respectively the third and first day of their lives. Clinical presentation included poor sucking, lethargy, hypotonia, hypothermia and cardiomyopathy. Laboratory findings such as hypoglycaemia, metabolic acidosis, elevated transaminases, hyperlactacidaemia and mild hyperammonaemia pointed to an inborn error ...
Shevah Orit - - 2006
Out of the 63 patients with Laron Syndrome ( LS) followed in our clinic we were able to perform a genetic analysis on 43 patients belonging to 28 families. Twenty-seven patients were Jews, eight were Arabs, one was Druze, and six were Caucasians from countries other then Israel. Consanguinity was ...
Di Gregorio Carmela - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: MYH-associated polyposis is a recently described, autosomal-recessive disease characterized by multiple colorectal adenomas and cancer. There are only few immunohistochemical studies of the MYH protein. We investigated the expression pattern of the MYH protein to evaluate whether a immunohistochemical approach could be used in clinical practice to ...
Muenster Tino - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In patients with Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) recovery from neuromuscular block is delayed. It has been assumed that this is because of a higher potency of muscle relaxants in this patient cohort. We determined the peak effect, and the time course of action of rocuronium 0.3 mg x kg(-1) ...
Frank-Raue K - - 2006
In children with RET proto-oncogene mutation, curative treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is possible by prophylactic thyroidectomy. Recommendations on the timing and extent of thyroidectomy are based upon a model that utilises genotype-phenotype correlations to stratify mutations into three risk groups. We evaluated the long-term outcome (mean follow-up 6.4 ...
Vladutiu Georgirene D - - 2006
Lipid-lowering drugs produce myopathic side effects in up to 7% of treated patients, with severe rhabdomyolysis occurring in as many as 0.5%. Underlying metabolic muscle diseases have not been evaluated extensively. In a cross-sectional study of 136 patients with drug-induced myopathies, we report a higher prevalence of underlying metabolic muscle ...
Tefs Katrin - - 2006
Severe type I plasminogen (PLG) deficiency has been causally linked to a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the mucous membranes that may be life threatening. Here we report clinical manifestations, PLG plasma levels, and molecular genetic status of the PLG gene of 50 patients. The most common clinical manifestations among ...
Droogendijk Helga J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mastocytosis is characterized by the abnormal proliferation of mast cells in 1 or more organs. In most patients, a mutation is present in the gene for C-KIT, resulting in deregulation of the c-kit receptor. Imatinib mesylate is a potent inhibitor of c-kit receptor tyrosine kinase activity. Therefore, the authors ...
Park In-Sook - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is reported with increasing frequency worldwide, and its clinical manifestations, including cardiovascular anomalies, appear to be more diverse than previously reported. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the pattern of cardiovascular anomalies in Korean patients with 22q11 deletion. ...
França Marcondes C MC - - 2006
Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) types 2 and 3 are autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorders caused by mutations in two different genes. We identified mutations for SCA2 and SCA3 segregating simultaneously in a single Brazilian family. The index patient had SCA2, whereas her two second-degree cousins had SCA3. Disease was more rapidly progressive in ...
Scott Linda M LM Department of Haematology, Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, United Kingdom. - - 2006
An acquired V617F JAK2 mutation occurs in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) or essential thrombocythemia (ET). In a proportion of V617F-positive patients, mitotic recombination produces mutation-homozygous cells that come to predominate with time. However, the prevalence of homozygosity is unclear, as previous reports studied mixed populations of wild-type, V617F-heterozygous, and ...
Perheentupa Jaakko - - 2006
CONTEXT: Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy is known as a rare hereditary disease with classic triad of mucocutaneous candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism, and adrenocortical failure, two of which, diagnostic dyad, are required for the diagnosis. Evidently many patients suffer unrecognized because the condition is more variable and complex. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study ...
Habeeb Yousif K R - - 2006
The congenital muscular dystrophies are autosomal recessive disorders with different clinical phenotypes, the spectrum of which varies between different ethnic communities. We report our findings in 21 Arab children with congenital muscular dystrophy. All 21 cases were of the pure type, with normal mental status, except 1 case with perinatal ...
Tzoulis Charalampos - - 2006
We studied 26 patients belonging to 20 families with a disorder caused by mutations in the POLG gene. The patients were homozygous for 1399 G/A or 2243 G/C (giving the amino acid changes A467T and W748S, respectively) or compound heterozygotes for these two mutations. Irrespective of genotype, the patients exhibited ...
Zaffanello Marco - - 2006
Bartter syndrome with sensorineural deafness (type IV Bartter syndrome) is a subtype of this tubular disease, and is due to mutations in the BSND gene. Out of a population of 92 patients with Bartter syndrome, five suffered from mild to severe hypoacusia and were selected for mutational screening. A homozygous ...
De Rosa Anna - - 2006
Mutations in the parkin gene (PARK2) are the most frequent cause of autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson disease. We performed a transcranial magnetic stimulation study in four patients with parkin mutations. Two patients had a prolonged central motor conduction time at both upper and lower limb, one only at the arm ...
Mesa Ruben A - - 2006
Serial analysis for the activating JAK2(V617F) mutation performed in 44 patients with myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia showed no interval change in 88% (22/25) of patients over a median interval of 18.6 months. The increase in JAK2 expression observed in three patients did not correspond to disease progression or leukemic transformation.
Nishioka Kenya - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Recently, genomic multiplications of alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) have been reported to cause hereditary early-onset parkinsonism. The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of SNCA multiplications among autosomal dominant hereditary Parkinson's disease (ADPD). METHODS: We screened 113 ADPD probands and 200 sporadic PD cases by quantitative polymerase ...
Póo-Argüelles P - - 2006
We describe the first two unrelated Spanish patients with creatine transporter deficiency initially identified by brain proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). The clinical phenotype was characterized by severe mental retardation, epilepsy, autism, severe speech delay and absence of brain creatine by MRS. Urine creatine/creatinine ratio was increased and creatine uptake ...
Behjati Reza - - 2006
Factor V Leiden (FVL) G1691A, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T, and factor II (FII) G20210A mutations are three important causes of thrombophilia, the condition that might be related to infertility and recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). In this study we evaluated the presence of these three mutations in 36 female patients with ...
Dabby Ron - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Persistent creatine kinase elevation is occasionally encountered in subjects without any clinical manifestation of a neuromuscular disorder or any condition known to be associated with increased serum CK levels. It is still unresolved whether extensive investigations and specifically a muscle biopsy should be performed in clinically normal individuals with ...
Romano S - - 2006
We have identified a group of 13 patients with a homogeneous radiological pattern at MRI consisting of the molar tooth sign (MTS) and superior vermian dysplasia. The patients represent a relatively heterogeneous clinical group with variable severity of developmental delay, ataxia, hypotonia, and apnea. Careful examination of MRI prompted us ...
Mercuri Eugenio E Dubowitz Neuromuscular Centre, Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, United - - 2006
To report the spectrum of brain magnetic resonance imaging findings in 13 patients with congenital muscular dystrophy and FKRP gene mutations and to explore possible genotype-phenotype correlations. We retrospectively reviewed brain magnetic resonance imaging in patients with congenital muscular dystrophy and FKRP gene mutations. Thirteen patients with congenital muscular dystrophy ...
Mainardi Paola Cerruti - - 2006
The aim of this report is to provide an update on the natural history of the Cri du Chat Syndrome by means of the Italian Register (I.R.). Two hundred twenty patients were diagnosed by standard cytogenetic methods and 112 of these were also characterised by molecular-cytogenetic investigation (FISH). FISH analysis ...
Van Everbroeck B - - 2006
From 1998 a prospective surveillance study of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) has been initiated in Belgium. In addition to epidemiological data, information on cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers, prion protein gene and brain neuropathology was collected. From 1-1-1998 to 31-12-2004, 188 patients were referred to the surveillance system. In 85 patients a 'definite' ...
Akyildiz Murat - - 2006
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a severe disorder characterized by hepatic venous outflow obstruction. Hypercoagulable states are the major etiological factors for the development of BCS and can be identified in about 75% of patients. Multiple etiological factors can be found in the same patient. Hematologic abnormalities, especially myeloproliferative disorders, are ...
Abdul-Rahman Omar A - - 2006
PURPOSE: A genetics evaluation of children with pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) identifies a diagnosis in 6% to 15% of cases. However, previous studies have not measured the incidence of genetic disorders among children with autistic-like features who do not necessarily meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth ...
Manolis Antonis S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A genetic association/prospective follow-up study was conducted to investigate whether genetic variation of the alpha(2B)-adrenergic receptor gene was associated with the risk of restenosis in 96 Greek coronary artery disease patients undergoing coronary angioplasty and stent implantation. METHODS: For comparison of genotype frequency, a control group of 83 asymptomatic ...
Aouad Marie T - - 2005
There are conflicting reports on the response of mitochondrial myopathy patients to the neuromuscular blocking drugs, showing either normal response or marked sensitivity. We present a patient with MELAS syndrome who underwent Nissen fundoplication and gastrojejunostomy. Marked resistance to the nondepolarizing muscle relaxant, cisatracurium was observed. The anesthesia management, as ...
Pereira Conceição Campanario da Silva - - 2005
The Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a muscular dystrophy with cognitive impairment present in 20-30% of the cases. In the present study, in order to study the relationship between the alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) immunostaining in skeletal muscle and cognitive performance in DMD patients, 19 were assessed. Twelve patients performed the intelligence ...
Maurage C A - - 2005
Neurofibrillary degeneration (NFD) occurs in the brains of patients with myotonic dystrophy (DM) type 1. The authors report a similar tau pathology in the CNS of a patient with DM2 and compare it to that of patients with DM1. A reduced expression of tau exon 2 and exon 3 epitopes ...
Campbell Peter J PJ Department of Haematology, University of Cambridge, United - - 2006
Most patients with polycythemia vera and half with idiopathic myelofibrosis and essential thrombocythemia have an acquired V617F mutation in JAK2. Using sensitive polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods, we genotyped 152 patients with idiopathic myelofibrosis to establish whether there were differences in presentation and outcome between those with and those without ...
Fiege Betina - - 2005
Patients with tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-responsive phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency may benefit from BH4 therapy instead or in addition to the low-phenylalanine diet. Different loading test protocols are currently used to detect these patients. As a consequence, data on the rate of BH4-responsiveness within patients with mild phenylketonuria (PKU) and/or more severe ...
Lam Ching-Wan - - 2006
We describe a PFIC2 patient with a good response to ursodeoxycholic acid for 9 years. We found two novel ABCB11 gene mutations in the patient, i.e. I498T and 2098delA. The correlation of the patient's genotypes with the clinical course supports the existence of a phenotypic continuum between BRIC2 and PFIC2.
Kagami Masayo - - 2005
We report on segmental and full paternal isodisomy for chromosome 14 in three previously unreported Japanese patients. Patient 1 was a 5(6/12)-year-old girl, Patient 2 was a male neonate, and Patient 3 was a -year-old girl. Physical examination at birth showed various somatic features characteristic of paternal uniparental disomy for ...
B?langer-Quintana Amaya - - 2005
A novel subtype of patients with mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene that show a positive response during a tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) loading test has recently been recognized. These studies suggest that a number of phenylketonuric (PKU) patients may benefit from BH4 substitution, eliminating the need of life-long dietary restrictions. ...
Andersson Johanna - - 2005
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) have been reported to occasionally occur in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). This study aims to describe the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of GIST in NF1 patients and attempts to elucidate the relationship between them. We analyzed GIST arising in 15 NF1 patients (8 males ...
Njålsson R - - 2005
Glutathione (GSH), one of the most important antioxidants in the eukaryotic organism, is synthesized in a two-step procedure where the last step is catalysed by the enzyme glutathione synthetase (GSS). GSS deficiency is inherited autosomal recessively, and patients with this disease can be divided into three groups, according to their ...
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