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Results 301 - 350 of 1050
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Stevanin Giovanni - - 2008
Hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are neurodegenerative diseases mainly characterized by lower limb spasticity associated, in complicated forms, with additional neurological signs. We have analysed a large series of index patients (n = 76) with this condition, either from families with an autosomal recessive inheritance (n = 43) or isolated patients ...
Zahir F R - - 2008
The authors report a patient with mild mental retardation, autistic features, multiple vertebral malformations, and an unusual facial appearance who carries a de novo submicroscopic deletion of chromosome 2p16.3. The patient's deletion is approximately 320 kb in size and includes only the part of the NRXN1 gene that codes for ...
Ozaltin Fatih - - 2008
Distinct eye abnormalities have been described in children with nephrotic syndrome, particularly in diffuse mesangial sclerosis (i.e. Pierson syndrome). The aim of the study was to investigate whether there were any associated ocular anomalies in children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS), all of whom had revealed primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis ...
Suzuki Hiroaki - - 2007
CONCLUSIONS: The present study confirmed the clinical characteristics of patients with SLC26A4 mutations: congenital, fluctuating, and progressive hearing loss usually associated with vertigo and/or goiter during long-term follow-up. This clarification should help to facilitate appropriate genetic counseling and proper medical management for patients with these mutations, but there was no ...
Okamoto Nobuhiko - - 2007
We report here on two unrelated patients (Patients 1 and 2) with a cryptic microduplication involving a 22q13 segment. Both patients manifested infantile hypotonia, developmental delay, and growth deficiency. In addition, an abnormal signal intensity area was detected in the frontal white matter of Patient 2 by brain MRI. Whole-genome ...
Martínez-Avilés Luz - - 2007
JAK2 exon 12 mutations were detected in 4 out of 20 polycythemia vera and idiopathic erythrocytosis V617F-negative patients and were only present in the myeloid lineage. Initial hematologic data of these patients differ from those of V617F-positive patients, but there is no difference in thrombotic development and myelofibrotic transformation.
Tutaeva V - - 2007
Increased PRV-1 mRNA expression and the presence of Jak2(V617F) mutation in peripheral blood granulocytes are specific markers for chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD), which facilitate the differential diagnosis between polycythemia vera (PV) and secondary erythrocytosis (SE) and may be helpful for monitoring treatment efficacy in MPD patients. We evaluated the presence ...
Camilleri R S RS Haemostasis Research Unit, Department of Haematology, University College London School of Medicine, London, UK. - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is most commonly associated with deficiency or inhibition of von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS-13) activity. ADAMTS-13 mutations and polymorphisms have been reported in childhood congenital TTP, but their significance in adult onset TTP remains unclear. We sought to identify common ADAMTS-13 mutations in adults with late ...
Rafiq Meena - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal diabetes can result from mutations in the Kir6.2 or sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) subunits of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel. Transfer from insulin to oral sulfonylureas in patients with neonatal diabetes due to Kir6.2 mutations is well described, but less is known about changing therapy in patients with SUR1 ...
Rumi Elisa - - 2007
Chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMDs) have sporadic occurrence. However, familial clustering is reported. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and the clinical phenotype of familial CMDs, and to study the anticipation of disease onset in successive generations. Among 458 patients with apparently sporadic CMDs, an interview-based investigation ...
Quayle Frank J - - 2007
The occurrence of pheochromocytoma in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A (MEN 2A) carriers varies greatly. This study aims to determine PC expression for specific MEN 2A RET mutations. Charts of MEN 2A patients enrolled in our multiple endocrine neoplasia program from 1990 to 2001 were reviewed retrospectively. Statistical analysis was ...
Asahina Naoko - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor in Angelman syndrome (AS). STUDY DESIGN: We performed [(11)C]flumazenil positron emission tomography (PET) and examined GABA(A) receptor expression in 7 patients with AS of various genotypes (5 with the deletion, 1 with an imprinting defect [ID], and ...
Crotti Lia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The impressive clinical heterogeneity of the long-QT syndrome (LQTS) remains partially unexplained. In a South African (SA) founder population, we identified a common LQTS type 1 (LQT1)-causing mutation (KCNQ1-A341V) associated with high clinical severity. We tested whether the arrhythmic risk was caused directly by A341V or by its presence ...
Najfeld Vesna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Current evidence suggests that the JAK2617V>F point mutation is implicated in the pathogenesis of >90% of polycythemia vera (PV) patients, and in approximately 50% of primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and essential thrombocythemia patients. Novel JAK2 mutations were recently described in 5% to 15% of patients that are JAK2617V>F-negative. Additionally, JAK2 ...
Myssiorek David - - 2008
Paragangliomas of the head and neck are uncommon, slow-growing, multicentric and are usually benign. Ever since familial paragangliomas were first described a genetic explanation for their existence has been sought. An international collaboration finally elucidated the SDHB, SDHC and SDHD genes for three paraganglioma syndromes (PGL 4, 3, 1). A ...
Mordillo Carolina - - 2007
We studied 3 Spanish patients with <1% FXII levels. DNA sequencing of the whole F12 gene identified 15 genetic variants. Molecular analyses of F12 mRNA demonstrated that the deficiency was caused by 5281delG in exon 9 of Patient 1 (in the homozygous state) and the 6306delG in exon 12 and ...
Lai Timothy Y Y - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the genotypic and phenotypic correlations of Bietti's crystalline dystrophy (BCD) in patients with the CYP4V2 gene by mutation screening and clinical and electrophysiological assessment. METHODS: Eighteen Chinese patients in 13 families with BCD were recruited for full ophthalmic examinations, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and visual electrophysiological tests, ...
Schara Ulrike - - 2008
The selenoprotein N1-related myopathies comprise rigid spine muscular dystrophy, the "classical" form of multiminicore disease, a desmin-related myopathy with Mallory body like inclusions and a form of congenital fiber-type disproportion. To define the phenotype and long-term clinical course in juvenile Selenoprotein N1-related myopathies 11 juvenile patients from eight families with ...
Tumgor Gokhan - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this case-control study was to investigate both the distribution of MCP-1, eNOS, tPA and PAI-1 gene polymorphism and correlation of genotypes and phenotypes. METHOD: Between September 1997-January 2005, 20 patients with HPS (group 1) were compared with a group of cirrhotic patients (group 2, n = ...
Zirn B - - 2008
We performed a systematic study on the frequency of point mutations and deletions of the gene GCH1 in dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD). A total of 136 dystonia patients were studied. Fifty of these had a sustained response to oral L-Dopa therapy (group 1: definite diagnosis of DRD), whereas the response to ...
Lo Harriet P - - 2008
We characterized the frequency of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) subtypes in a cohort of 76 Australian muscular dystrophy patients using protein and DNA sequence analysis. Calpainopathies (8%) and dysferlinopathies (5%) are the most common causes of LGMD in Australia. In contrast to European populations, cases of LGMD2I (due to mutations ...
Echenne Bernard - - 2008
In a retrospective study, 32 patients with myotonic dystrophy, including congenital (n=17) and infantile/juvenile forms (n=15) were studied during a long follow-up lasting 7-28 years (median: 17 years). The clinical presentation was extremely variable; however, a continuum did exist between severe and less severe congenital forms, and later-onset forms, without ...
Hagleitner M M MM Department of Pediatric Immunology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The - - 2008
Immunodeficiency, centromeric instability and facial dysmorphism (ICF syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterised by facial dysmorphism, immunoglobulin deficiency and branching of chromosomes 1, 9 and 16 after PHA stimulation of lymphocytes. Hypomethylation of DNA of a small fraction of the genome is an unusual feature of ICF patients ...
Jatana Vishal - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report on the experience of a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with patients with deletion 22q11.2 syndrome: 1) to delineate the clinical characteristics and management of these patients; 2) to assess whether these patients were managed appropriately, especially in terms of blood transfusion; and 3) to make recommendations ...
Ebara Tetsu - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Familial lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the LPL gene. Patients with LPL deficiency have chylomicronemia; however, whether they develop accelerated atherosclerosis remains unclear. METHODS: We investigated clinical and mutational characteristics of a 60-y-old Japanese patient with chylomicronemia. RESULTS: The patient's ...
de la Fuente Josu - - 2007
DC is a multisystem bone marrow failure syndrome exhibiting marked clinical and genetic heterogeneity. X-linked, autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive subtypes are recognized. The gene mutated in X-linked DC (DKC1) encodes a highly conserved nucleolar protein called dyskerin. Dyskerin associates with the H/ACA motif class of small nucleolar RNAs in ...
Veselovska Jitka - - 2008
Essential thrombocythemia (ET), a Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome negative chronic myeloproliferative disorder, is usually a disease of middle age and it is extremely rare in pediatric patients. In this report we studied 12 children diagnosed with ET and one child with thrombocytosis and family history of ET. We failed to detect ...
Singh Mandeep - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To present the first series of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and nephrolithiasis. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was done to identify patients with DMD who were referred for urologic consultation because of nephrolithiasis from June 2004 to April 2006. RESULTS: Four patients were identified with DMD and ...
Strobbe Leonie - - 2007
Recently, an activating somatic mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2V617F) was identified in the myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs). In this study, we investigated the occurrence of JAK2V617F in patients with slightly elevated platelets or hemoglobin without a secondary cause, who did not meet the criteria of polycythemia vera or essential thrombocythemia. ...
Cleijsen R M M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is being applied for a number of antiretroviral agents. Little is known about the use of TDM for atazanavir. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort analysis on the use of TDM of atazanavir at three clinical sites in The Netherlands. Patients were divided into three ...
Lee Wen-I - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an X-linked immunodeficiency, characterized by microthrombocytopenia, eczema and recurrent infections. More than 441 patient mutations have been described all over the world, mainly based on Caucasian and Japanese people. There have been few reported cases involving Chinese WAS patients. OBJECTIVE: We investigated Chinese WAS patients ...
Koren-Michowitz Maya - - 2008
JAK2 V617F mutation is found in a high proportion of MPD patients. We developed a quantitative assay for the detection of the JAK2 mutation and demonstrated its clinical utility in MPD patients who underwent SCT. Sixty percent of the patients were JAK2 V617F positive prior to the SCT (mean mutation ...
Azaiez Hela - - 2007
Pendred syndrome (PS) and non-syndromic enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) are two recessive disorders characterized by the association of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) with inner ear malformations that range from isolated EVA to Mondini Dysplasia, a complex malformation that includes a cochlear dysplasia and EVA. Mutations in the SLC26A4 gene, coding ...
Tanaka K - - 2007
We report the four patients with chronic myositis characterized by a very slow progression with cardiomyopathy and frequently with marked respiratory muscle weakness associated with other organ-specific autoimmune diseases such as primary biliary cirrhosis. The histopathology of the muscle showed many degenerative and regenerative fibers, but inflammatory-cell infiltration were minimal. ...
Van Deerlin Vivianna M - - 2007
Patients with frontotemporal dementia due to mutation of progranulin may have a distinct phenotype. To identify distinct clinical and pathologic features of patients with frontotemporal dementia who have mutations of progranulin (GRN). Retrospective clinical-pathologic study. Academic medical center. Twenty-eight patients with frontotemporal dementia, including 9 with GRN mutations (4 autopsy ...
Yang Jeong Hoon - - 2007
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a hereditary disorder of the connective tissue. EDS type IV (EDS IV), the vascular type of the disease, is characterized by easy bruising, thin skin with visible veins, and spontaneous rupture of the large arteries, uterus, or bowel. EDS IV is caused by mutations in the ...
Nguyen Karine - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the phenotypic spectrum of dysferlin (DYSF) gene mutations (which cause dysferlinopathies, autosomal recessive muscular dystrophies) in patients with a dysferlin protein deficiency. DESIGN: Clinical, biological, and pathological data from 40 patients were reviewed. The diagnosis of dysferlinopathy was based on the absence or strong reduction of dysferlin ...
Jeske Y W A - - 2007
We genotyped the androgen receptor (AR) gene in 31 Australasian patients with androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS). The entire coding region of AR was examined including analysis of polymorphic CAG and GGN repeats in all patients. AR defects were found in 66.7% (6/9) of patients with complete AIS (CAIS) and 13.6% ...
Ewald J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) arises mostly from germline mutations of the mismatch repair genes MSH2 and MLH1. The diagnosis of HNPCC is based on a set of clinical criteria that may be too restrictive to identify all affected patients. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) for the mismatch repair proteins, MutS ...
Simon David K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A common mitochondrial complex I gene polymorphism (10398G) is reported to be inversely associated with the risk of Parkinson disease. We hypothesized that this variant might have a protective effect on the central nervous system and therefore might delay the onset of symptoms in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2). ...
Bóveda M D - - 2007
The response to tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) in patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH, EC 1.14.16.1) deficiency (OMIM 261600) has been widely reported. Here we report results of the BH4 loading test (20 mg/kg per day) in a group of 36 patients with PAH deficiency and phenotype of mild hyperphenylalaninaemia (HPA), mild phenylketonuria ...
Colovic Natasa - - 2007
Mutations in the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene, such as internal tandem duplication (FLT3/ITD) in the juxtamembrane domain and point mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain, are the most common abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3/ITD and FLT3/D835 mutations were analyzed in 113 Serbian adult AML patients using ...
Mercimek-Mahmutoglu Saadet - - 2007
Gaucher disease type 1 (GD1) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder, characterised by accumulation of glycosphingolipids in visceral organs. Although considered non-neuronopathic neurological involvement has been reported in single cases. The aim of our study was to investigate central and peripheral nervous system involvement in patients with GD1. We ...
Khositseth Sookkasem - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the anion exchanger 1 (AE1) gene encoding the erythroid and kidney anion (chloride-bicarbonate) exchanger 1 may result in hereditary distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). Hemoglobinopathies are common in Thailand. We analyzed AE1 and hemoglobin mutations in children in Thailand with dRTA to evaluate their association with clinical ...
Kararizou Evangelia G EG Myopathology Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Athens National University, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece. - - 2007
To determine the morphologic and the morphometrical features of spindles in biopsies of patients with different types of muscular dystrophy and investigate the possible involvement of the spindle in the pathologic process of these diseases. The following variables were studied in biopsy specimens from 10 patients with Duchenne or Becker ...
Pellegrini Nadine - - 2007
Severe hand dysfunction is common in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and may preclude the use of conventional call-bells. We prospectively evaluated a call-bell with two hand-controlled interfaces (push-button and key-pinch) and two mouth-controlled interfaces (sip-or-puff) in 32 consecutive DMD and Becker patients. Patients called intentionally 348 times, using ...
Tan Wen-Hann - - 2007
Mutations in the PTEN gene cause two disorders that predispose to cancer, Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba and Cowden syndromes. Some patients with a PTEN mutation have only macrocephaly and autism, but they may still be at risk for neoplasms. Vascular anomalies occur in patients with a PTEN mutation, but they have not been ...
Wabbels Bettina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Systemic mitochondriopathies as chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) are frequently associated with ptosis. We investigated whether mitochondrial abnormalities in the levator muscle are also found in patients with isolated congenital or acquired ptosis showing no other signs of mitochondrial cytopathy. METHODS: Biopsies of levator muscle were taken during surgery ...
Hayashi Hisao - - 2007
In contrast to primary lysosomal diseases in young subjects, adult-onset liver storage disorders may be explained by non-lysosomal genetic defects. The aim of the present review is to summarize the genetic backgrounds of Japanese patients with hemochromatosis of unknown etiology, Wilson disease of primary copper toxicosis, and the black liver ...
Kennedy Marcus P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a recessive genetic disorder that is characterized by sinopulmonary disease and reflects abnormal ciliary structure and function. Situs inversus totalis occurs in approximately 50% of PCD patients (Kartagener's syndrome in PCD), and there are a few reports of PCD with heterotaxy (situs ambiguus), such ...
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