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Angelini C - - 2010
Autosomal recessive limb girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD type 2) are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders, characterized by progressive involvement and wasting of limb girdle muscles. In order to describe the peculiar clinical features of LGMD2A (calpainopathy) and LGMD2B (dysferlinopathy), the most frequent forms of LGMD in European ...
Kisand Kai - - 2010
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is frequently associated with T cell immunodeficiencies. Specifically, the proinflammatory IL-17A-producing Th17 subset is implicated in protection against fungi at epithelial surfaces. In autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy (APECED, or autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome 1), CMC is often the first sign, but the underlying immunodeficiency is a ...
Peñaherrera Maria S - - 2010
Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is a heterogeneous disorder associated with pre- and post-natal growth restriction and relative macrocephaly. Involvement of imprinted genes on both chromosome 7 and 11p15.5 has been reported. To further characterize the role of epimutations in RSS we evaluated the methylation status at both 11p15.5 imprinting control regions ...
Laharanne Elodie - - 2010
Inactivation of the CDKN2A-CDKN2B locus has been reported in the most frequent subtypes of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs), mycosis fungoides, S?zary syndrome (SS) and CD30+ cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma. To investigate whether genetic or epigenetic inactivation of CDKN2A-CDKN2B is more specifically observed in certain CTCL subtypes with clinical impact, ...
Turner Claire Louise Susan - - 2010
This study was an investigation of 79 patients referred to the Wessex Regional Genetics Laboratory with suspected Russell-Silver Syndrome or unexplained short stature/intra uterine growth restriction, warranting genetic investigation. Methylation status was analysed at target sequences within eleven imprinted loci (PLAGL1, IGF2R, PEG10, MEST1, GRB10, KCNQ1OT1, H19, IGF2P0, DLK1, PEG3, ...
Antuna-Puente Barbara B Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité 938, University Pierre and Marie Curie, Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, Site Saint-Antoine, 27 Rue Chaligny, 75012 Paris - - 2010
Human lipodystrophies are characterized by loss of adipose tissue, insulin resistance, and metabolic complications. The mechanisms linking fat loss to severe insulin resistance remain unclear. Adipokines may have important roles as intermediary players in metabolism. We sought to determine the plasma concentrations of leptin and adiponectin in patients with Berardinelli-Seip ...
Salim P H - - 2010
A previous study has suggested that the combination KIR2DS2(+)/KIR2DL2(-) was related to increased risk for systemic sclerosis (SSc), while others have failed to reproduce this finding. Our objective was to study this matter further and test the association of other KIR genes with SSc. One hundred and ten SSc patients ...
Mantovani Giovanna G Unità di Endocrinologia, Padiglione Granelli, Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Instituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Via Francesco Sforza, 35, 20122 Milano, Italy. - - 2010
The two main subtypes of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP), PHP-Ia and -Ib, are caused by mutations in GNAS exons 1-13 and methylation defects in the imprinted GNAS cluster, respectively. PHP-Ia patients show Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) and resistance toward PTH and additional hormones, whereas PHP-Ib patients do not have AHO, and hormone ...
Basaran S Y - - 2010
We described trisomy 8 mosaicism in a 6-month-old boy with left corneal leukoma, strabismus, posterior urethral valve, tibial bowing and congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) on graphic of left tibia. The patient also had some minor anomalies such as short philtrum, full everted lower lip, microretrognathia, flexion contracture on ...
Schmetterer Klaus G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiencies represent the 'molecular Achilles' heels' of human immunity. Detailed analyses of primary immunodeficiencies extend our knowledge of pivotal immunological processes, lead to novel diagnostic algorithms and shorten the time to diagnosis. METHODS: Clinical/immunological phenotypes of 2 unrelated patients from Austria with combined immunodeficiency were determined. Leukocyte subpopulations ...
Manolakos Emmanouil - - 2010
The genetic diagnosis of mental retardation (MR) is difficult to establish and at present many cases remain undiagnosed and unexplained. Standard karyotyping has been used as one of the routine techniques for the last decades. The implementation of Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (array-CGH) has enabled the analysis of copy number ...
Tiziano Francesco Danilo - - 2010
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder caused by homozygous mutations of the SMN1 gene. Three forms of SMA are recognized (type I-III) on the basis of clinical severity. All patients have at least one or more (usually 2-4) copies of a highly homologous gene (SMN2), which ...
Minis Marie-Antoinette H MA Department of Occupational Health, Prevention and Reintegration, HAN University of Applied Sciences, NL-6503 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2010
To determine the number of employed people in a group of patients with neuromuscular diseases and in 3 separate subgroups (facioscapulo-humeral dystrophy, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy, and myotonic dystrophy) to investigate any differences in employment status between the patient groups, and to identify factors related to employment status. Cross-sectional ...
Bochukova Elena G EG University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, - - 2010
Obesity is a highly heritable and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Here we investigated the contribution of copy number variation to obesity in 300 Caucasian patients with severe early-onset obesity, 143 of whom also had developmental delay. Large (>500 kilobases), rare (<1%) deletions were significantly enriched in patients compared to 7,366 controls ...
Chiecchio Laura - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and smoldering multiple myeloma harbor common chromosomal abnormalities but the prevalence and relative association of aberrations in these diagnostic groups remains controversial. We investigated these aspects in a large series of patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Chromosome 13 deletion (Delta13), deletion of TP53, ...
Kuanprasert Srun - - 2009
Warfarin has been widely used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolism. Warfarin therapy depends on interaction between physiological, environmental, and genetic factors. Vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORC1) and cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) enzyme conjointly determine the warfarin maintenance dose. The prevalence of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 variants varies among ethnic ...
Andrieux Joris - - 2009
Microdeletion 15q24 is an emerging syndrome recently described, mainly due to increased use of array-CGH. Clinical features associate mild to moderate developmental delay, typical facial characteristics (high forehead and frontal hairline, broad eyebrows, downslanting palpebral features, long philtrum), hands (particularly proximal implanted thumbs) and genital anomalies (micropenis, hypospadias). We report ...
Bourteel H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2I (LGMD2I) is caused by mutations in the fukutin-related protein gene FKRP, which is also involved in congenital muscular dystrophy (MDC1C). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical, biological, radiological and mutational characteristics of LGMD2I patients with FKRP mutation. METHODS: Eleven patients from nine families from the north ...
Basquiera Ana L - - 2009
To determine the prevalence of JAK2 V617F mutation and its clinical correlation in patients with chronic myeloproliferative disorders (CMD): polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF). Detection of JAK2 V617F mutation by allele specific-PCR. One hundred and three patients with CMD were included in the study. JAK2 ...
Gupta N - - 2009
Myotonic dystrophy (dystrophia myotonica, DM) is a chronic, slowly progressing, highly variable inherited multisystemic disease that can manifest at any age from birth to old age. We present a 32-year-old female with adenexal mass posted for exploratory laparotomy. She was a known case of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP).The ECG suggested incomplete ...
Bushby Kate K - - 2009
Making the diagnosis of a particular type of limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) can appear challenging. In fact, various clues from the way the patient presents, and the results of simple investigations such as creatine kinase levels, can be extremely helpful in sorting out the various disease entities within this ...
Rauch Ralf - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF), the most frequent cyanotic congenital heart disease, is associated with a wide range of intra- and extracardiac phenotypes. In order to get further insight into genotype-phenotype correlation, a large cohort of 230 unselected patients with ToF was comprehensively investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: 230 patients with ...
Sacconi Sabrina - - 2010
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) deficiency has been associated with an increasing number of clinical phenotypes. Whereas primary CoQ(10) defects are related to mutations in ubiquinone biosynthetic genes, which are now being unraveled, and respond well to CoQ(10) supplementation, the etiologies, and clinical phenotypes related to secondary deficiencies are largely unknown. The ...
Ryan J G - - 2010
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is caused by mutations in MEFV, which encodes pyrin. The nature of substitutions P369S and R408Q in exon 3 remains unclear. Exon 3 encoding pyrin's B-box domain is necessary for interactions with proline serine threonine phosphatase interacting protein 1 (PSTPIP1). The aim was to characterise the ...
Khalili Hossein - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Many studies have been done to determine the distribution of acetylator phenotypes among populations of different geographic origin. The goal of this study was to investigate the acetylator phenotypes of the Iranian population and compare them between tubercular patients and healthy subjects. METHODS: The study population consisted ...
Tieleman A A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is a dominantly inherited multisystem disorder, characterised by progressive proximal weakness, myotonia, cataracts and cardiac conduction abnormalities. Our clinical impression of an association between DM2 and autoimmune diseases or autoantibody formation has not been published previously. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was ...
Moore Iain I Institute of Human Genetics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2010
Factor H autoantibodies have been reported in approximately 10% of patients with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and are associated with deficiency of factor H-related proteins 1 and 3. In this study we examined the prevalence of factor H autoantibodies in the Newcastle cohort of aHUS patients, determined whether the ...
Tóth Beáta - - 2010
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type I (APS I) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, multi-organ autoimmunity and ectodermal dysplasia. Autoantibodies to parathyroid and adrenal glands and type I interferons (IFN) are hallmarks of APS I, which results from mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene. We ...
Eger Katharina - - 2010
Beevor's sign, an upward deflection of the umbilicus on flexion of the neck, is the result of paralysis of the inferior portion of the rectus abdominis muscle, so that the upper fibers predominate, pulling the umbilicus upwards. The condition may be caused by spinal cord injury at or below the ...
Mahmood A - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: RTT, caused by mutations in the methyl CPG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) gene, is a disorder of neuronal maturation and connections. Our aim was to prospectively examine FA by DTI and correlate this with certain clinical features in patients with RTT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with ...
Vleugels Wendy - - 2009
Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG) are a group of inherited disorders caused by deficiencies in glycosylation. Since 1980, 14 CDG type I (CDG-I) defects have been identified in the endoplasmic reticulum, all affecting the assembly of the oligosaccharide precursor. However, the number of unsolved CDG-I (CDG-Ix) patients displaying protein hypoglycosylation ...
Hadjkacem-Loukil Lobna - - 2009
Because of conflicting results about the association between azoospermic patients with Klinefelter syndrome (KFS) and azoospermia factor (AZF) polymorphism, and because nothing is known about the association of KFS with partial AZFc deletions, an association study was performed in Tunisian KFS patients. A total of 29 azoospermic patients and 13 ...
Vleugels Wendy W Laboratory for Molecular Diagnosis, Center for Human Genetics, University of Leuven, Leuven, - - 2009
The medical significance of N-glycosylation is underlined by a group of inherited human disorders called Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG). One key step in the biosynthesis of the Glc(3)Man(9)GlcNAc(2)-PP-dolichol precursor, essential for N-glycosylation, is the translocation of Man(5)GlcNAc(2)-PP-dolichol across the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. This step is facilitated by the RFT1 ...
Cheng S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hair typically becomes fragile when there are structural abnormalities and/or a reduction in the sulphur-containing amino acids cystine or methionine. This finding in the setting of a neuroectodermal complaint is usually labelled trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The spectrum of features within this diagnostic grouping tests the validity of using sulphur-deficient hair ...
Tang Kai-Fa - - 2009
We conducted an analysis of the Kallmann syndrome 1 (KAL-1) genotype in 17 patients with Kallmann syndrome (KS), 9 patients with normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nIHH) and 20 age-matched normal men in Northwestern China. To do this, we used multiplex PCR analysis with exon-flanking primers and automated sequencing techniques with ...
Celebi Altay - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to determine the distribution of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) genotype frequencies in Turkish patients with dyspepsia. METHODS: CYP2C19 genotype was determined in 100 Turkish patients with dyspepsia. DNA of the patients was isolated from whole blood and genotypes were detected by specific probes in real-time polymerase chain ...
Umemoto George - - 2009
Eight patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1, DM1 (age range 45-63 years) were followed for a period of 5 years. Two sets of data analyzing masticatory function and activities of daily living (ADL) were obtained at baseline and at 5 years. The results from both time points were compared. The ...
Miura Shiroh - - 2009
We report here, for the first time, the case of a 41-year-old man with both Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)/spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) and myotonic dystrophy type 1. The patient noted dysarthria at 14 years of age and unsteady gait at 30 years of age. Similar sized expansions of the CAG ...
Anheim M - - 2009
Ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) is an autosomal recessive disease due to mutations in the senataxin gene, causing progressive cerebellar ataxia with peripheral neuropathy, cerebellar atrophy, occasional oculomotor apraxia and elevated alpha-feto-protein (AFP) serum level. We compiled a series of 67 previously reported and 58 novel ataxic patients ...
Vesela K K Department of Pediatrics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 2, 128 08, Prague 2, Czech Republic. - - 2009
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) represent an expanding group of inherited diseases. One of them, ALG8 deficiency (CDG Ih), leads to protein N-glycosylation defects caused by malfunction of glucosyltransferase 2 (Dol-P-Glc:Glc1-Man(9)-GlcNAc(2)-P-P-Dol glucosyltransferase) resulting in inefficient addition of the second glucose residue onto lipid-linked oligosaccharides. So far, only five patients have ...
Lombardo Francesco - - 2010
Epidemiological studies conducted on erectile dysfunction (ED) have demonstrated its close correlation with cardiovascular disease. Since hyperhomocysteinemia is considered an important cardiovascular risk factor, it could also be involved in the pathogenesis of ED. To study the role of the C677T MTHFR mutation with subsequent hyperhomocysteinemia in the determination of ...
Xiong Hui - - 2010
Azathioprine (AZA) is a thiopurine prodrug commonly used in patients with kidney transplantation. The aim of this study is to explore in patients with kidney transplantation whether AZA-related side effects can be explained by the inosine triphophate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) or thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) polymorphisms using both pheno-and genotyping. Erythrocyte ITPA ...
Morava Eva - - 2009
Patients with SUCLA2 gene defects characteristically develop the trias of early hypotonia, progressive dystonia and sensori-neural deafness. We describe the clinical course and biochemical phenotype in 16 children from the Faroe Islands with a homozygous SUCLA2 splice site mutation. Elevated urinary 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid is a novel biochemical feature in patients. ...
Tallantyre Emma C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and radiologic features in a patient with myelofibrosis who developed atypical progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. Patient A 72-year-old man with myelofibrosis and mild leukopenia experienced progressive limb weakness and dysarthria. RESULTS: Imaging revealed almost complete sparing of the white ...
Tüysüz Beyhan - - 2009
Asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy-Jeune syndrome (JS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by small thorax and short limb dwarfism. Besides the clinical variability, prognosis also differs greatly among patients. Pulmonary involvement is predominant in some cases whereas renal involvement is much more evident in others. We aimed to investigate the ...
Vidal Laura - - 2009
Gene amplification status of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) were analyzed and correlated with clinical outcome in patients with progressive malignant salivary glands tumors (MSGT) treated with the dual EGFR/Her2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor lapatinib. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis ...
Kim Jeong Tae - - 2009
AIM: Mitochondrial disease is a heterogeneous disorder entity induced by defects in mitochondrial respiratory chain complex (MRC). A significant portion of patients with MRC defect will not conform to a specific, known syndrome. We have analysed the clinical features of 108 Korean paediatric patients with non-specific and non-categorized mitochondrial disease. ...
Ureten Kemal - - 2010
Clinical and genetic findings of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) may be variable in different populations. Environmental factors may also affect phenotypic features of FMF. In this study, we investigated demographic, clinical and mutational features of FMF patients who were treated in a single reference hospital in Turkey. Two hundred and ...
Yamada Masahito - - 2009
Up to February 2008, a total of 132 patients with dura mater graft-associated Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (dCJD) have been identified in Japan, accounting for a majority of the world's patients with dCJD. The patients received dura mater grafts from 1978 to 1993. Lyodura (B. Braun, Melsungen, Germany) was used for all ...
Ribeiro Maria-João - - 2009
The impact of parkin gene mutations on nigrostriatal dopaminergic degeneration is not well established. The purpose of this study was to characterize by PET using (18)F-fluoro-l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine ((18)F-fluoro-l-DOPA), (11)C-PE2I, and (11)C-raclopride the pattern of dopaminergic lesions in young-onset Parkinson disease (YOPD) patients with or without mutations of the parkin gene and ...
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