Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1050
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Trøseid Marius - - 2005
Trøseid M, Henriksen OA, Lindal S. Statin-associated myopathy with normal creatine kinase levels - case report from a Norwegian family. APMIS 2005;113:635-7. Recent reports suggest that statins may cause myopathy with normal creatine kinase levels. We describe four related patients with statin-associated muscle symptoms and normal creatine kinase levels. In ...
Khositseth A - - 2005
We performed this study to determine the frequency of 22q11 deletions and associated phenotypic features and abnormalities in conotruncal heart defects. Sixty-one patients with conotruncal heart defects, including tetralogy of Fallot (TOF; n = 32), pulmonary atresia/ventricular septal defect (PAVSD; n = 12), double-outlet right ventricle (DORV; n = 5), ...
Bárdi Edit - - 2005
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion(I)/deletion(D) polymorphism influences the outcome of a number of cardiovascular diseases. ACE I/D polymorphism was investigated by PCR in 207 pediatric cancer patients and 144 controls. ACE I/D distribution of patients and controls was similar. The frequency of the D allele and the prevalence of ...
Scaglia Fernando - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Predominant cerebellar involvement has not been previously reported as a common neuroradiologic feature in pediatric mitochondrial cytopathies. Here we report the neuroradiologic findings of predominant cerebellar volume loss in children with various mitochondrial disorders. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical records of 400 consecutive patients referred ...
Queipo Gloria - - 2005
Mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) is a developmental anomaly in which most of the patients have a dysgenetic testis, a contralateral streak and a 45,X/46,XY karyotype. This entity involves an heterogeneous group of gonadal and phenotypic abnormalities with a wide clinical spectrum. The phenotype depends on the ratio of testicular tissue ...
Tufan Fatih - - 2005
Autosomal recessive Robinow syndrome is caused by mutations in ROR2 and is characterized by short stature, mesomelic limb shortening, brachydactyly, vertebral abnormalities, and a characteristic "fetal face" dysmorphology. We report the clinical and molecular studies on two adults with this condition. Besides typical skeletal and facial features, one patient developed ...
Bestue-Cardiel M - - 2005
The authors describe two patients with congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) with end plate acetylcholinesterase (AChE) deficiency caused by mutations in the collagenic tail (ColQ) of AChE: a homozygous C-terminal Y230S mutation in Patient 1 and Y430S and a C-terminal splice-site mutation in Patient 2. In Patient 1, a Prostigmin (neostigmine ...
Spiegel Miriam - - 2005
While growth retardation and short stature are well-known features of patients with classical neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), we found advanced height growth and accelerated carpal bone age in patients with an NF1 microdeletion. Our analysis is based on growth data of 21 patients with common 1.4/1.2 Mb microdeletions, including three ...
Mitchell Adele A - - 2005
When a novel variant is found in a patient and not in a group of controls, it becomes a candidate for the disease-causing mutation in that patient. At present, no sampling theory exists for assessing the probability that the novel SNP might actually be a neutral variant. We have developed ...
Ferreira Lize V - - 2005
CONTEXT: The cause of growth impairment in Noonan syndrome (NS) remains unclear. Mutations in PTPN11 (protein tyrosine phosphatase, nonreceptor type 11) that codify constitutively activated Src homology protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 tyrosine phosphatase and may interfere with GH and IGF-I signaling were identified in approximately 40% of patients with NS. OBJECTIVE: ...
Descamps Diane - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Different studies have shown that most patients failing a first-line treatment containing a protease-inhibitor (PI) had low PI plasma levels and no PI-related resistance mutations. NOVAVIR was a randomized trial comparing stavudine/lamivudine/indinavir (d4T/3TC/IDV) and zidovudine/lamivudine/indinavir (AZT/3TC/IDV) in patients pretreated with AZT, didanosine (ddI) and/or zalcitabine (ddC) but naive for ...
Bahler Robert C - - 2005
Doppler tissue velocities (DTV) are abnormal in a variety of cardiac conditions when standard measures of ventricular function are normal. Detection of left ventricular dysfunction in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) has relied on 2-dimensional imaging yet often these images are suboptimal. This study was undertaken to determine if DTV and ...
Sztriha László - - 2005
We review 25 patients with a spectrum of hindbrain (cerebellum, pons, and medulla) malformations from a cohort of children with high parental consanguinity rate. Twenty-three of the 25 patients were born to consanguineous parents. The patients were classified in four groups. Eleven patients of 6 families had malformation of the ...
Armand Stéphane - - 2005
This study investigated and compared the gait of two patients with spinal muscular atrophy, type II (SMA II) and two patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). These diseases cause a progressive and proximal to distal muscular weakness resulting in the loss of ambulation. The DMD cases had comparable muscle weakness ...
Holmgren G - - 2005
Although amyloidogenic transthyretin (ATTR) mutations are common in several populations, such as black Americans, the small number of diagnosed patients homozygous for TTR amyloid and the short follow up in most studies has until now prevented an analysis of their phenotype. In Sweden, nine homozygous patients from eight families carrying ...
Kim Tae Yong - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) occurs most frequently in Asian males and present with an acute episode of proximal muscle weakness in the setting of thyrotoxicosis. Despite the fact that mutations were described in genes encoding ion channels in familial hypokalaemic periodic paralysis, no definite genetic variants were found in ...
Gulati Sheffali - - 2005
In about 10% cases of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), death is due to cardiac dysfunction. The recognition of cardiomyopathy in DMD is thus important. OBJECTIVE: To assess cardiac involvement in DMD patients by clinical, radiographic, electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic monitoring and correlate clinical parameters, CPK levels, presence of gene deletion ...
Jongpiputvanich S - - 2005
The mitochondrial respiratory chain function and the occurrence of mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction were determined in various neuromuscular diseases. The mitochondrial complexes I-V and citrate synthase in the skeletal muscle taken from 75 orthopaedic surgical patients excluding neuromuscular diseases (control subjects) and 26 patients with various neuromuscular diseases (7 patients ...
Sun Liangwu - - 2005
CONTEXT: Inborn errors in protein glycosylation, such as the congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs), generate multifaceted syndromes that impair many organ systems. We here report the diagnosis of the third known patient with CDG-Id. RESULTS: The patient's phenotype was extremely severe, and she succumbed at 19 d of age. Leading ...
Sugiura Makoto - - 2005
Fourteen patients with a Pendred syndrome gene (Pds) mutation and three patients without the mutation were studied to evaluate long-term vestibular and auditory manifestations among patients with bilateral enlarged vestibular aqueducts (EVA). Charts were reviewed retrospectively for age, gender, otological history, presence or absence of vertigo, results of magnetic resonance ...
van der Knaap Marjo S - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to describe unusual variants of Alexander's disease. We studied 10 patients who did not meet previously established magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for Alexander's disease, but for whom this diagnosis was considered because of Rosenthal fibers at histological examination or presence of some MRI ...
Felice Kevin J - - 2005
: The objectives of this study were to characterize the clinical features of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) in patients with borderline (>/=35 kb) EcoRI fragments and to compare patients with borderline EcoRI fragments with FSHD patients harboring fragments of <35 kb. : Most patients with FSHD harbor 4q35 EcoRI fragments ...
Gätke Mona R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Mivacurium is hydrolyzed by the butyrylcholinesterase enzyme, and patients with hereditary changes of the enzyme often have prolonged duration of action of mivacurium. In this study, the authors investigated the significance of the most commonly occurring variant, the Kalow (K) variant, established using DNA analysis, for the response to ...
Botto Nicoletta - - 2005
Recent evidence suggests that somatic mutations in nuclear and mitochondrial DNA accumulated during aging, may significantly contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic-degenerative illness such as coronary artery disease (CAD). Mitochondrial DNA with 4977 bp deletion mutation (mtDNA4977) is a common type of mtDNA alteration in humans. However, little attempt has ...
Taniyama Matsuo - - 2005
Steroid 17alpha-hydroxylase deficiency is characterized by failed sexual development and mineralocorticoid hypertension. Female patients usually exhibit primary amenorrhea. Some patients with partial deficiency are reported to have menses, yet they have hypertension and hypokalemia. We describe here a normotensive, infertile female patient with menses and minimal defects in secondary sex ...
Grigorescu-Sido Anca - - 2005
BACKGROUND: XX males range phenotypically from completely masculinised individuals to true hermaphrodites and include a subset of SRY negative patients. The correlation between genotype (SRY+/-) and phenotype is still unclear. AIM: To report three new patients with this rare condition, one of whom was diagnosed prenatally and another was SRY ...
Caron Marie-Josée - - 2005
The pharmacodynamics of muscle relaxants in patients with oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) have never been studied. We designed this study to compare the pharmacodynamics of cisatracurium in OPMD patients versus a control group. Forty patients were enrolled: 20 OPMD patients requiring general anesthesia for cricopharyngeal myotomy and 20 age-matched controls ...
Kirchmann C - - 2005
We assessed the cardiac findings in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker-Kiener muscular dystrophy (BMD) patients in the large outpatient group of our single-center institution. The analysis included the revision of patient records (retrospectively) and current echocardiography, electrocardiogram (ECG), and Holter ECG data (prospectively). Reduced left ventricular fraction shortening (FS) ...
Elstein Deborah - - 2005
Correlation between genotype and phenotype in Gaucher disease is limited. It is known that the most common mutation N370S is protective of neurological involvement, but for the V394L mutation, described as the fifth most common among Ashkenazi Jews, little data are available. This study reports all known patients from a ...
El-Tallawy Hamdy N - - 2005
Few comprehensive epidemiological studies of the prevalence of muscle diseases have been undertaken, and none has been carried out in our locality. The present cross-sectional study was conducted in Assiut Governorate (Upper Egypt) to estimate the prevalence of different types of primary muscular disorder in 1997. The study involved 52,203 ...
Montero R - - 2005
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ) deficiency syndrome is a disorder of unknown ethiology that may cause different forms of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy. In the present study our aim was to analyse CoQ concentration and mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) enzyme activities in muscle biopsies of patients with clinical suspicion and/or biochemical-molecular diagnosis of a ...
Klevering B Jeroen - - 2004
Mutations in the ABCA4 gene have been associated with autosomal recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1), cone-rod dystrophy (CRD), and retinitis pigmentosa (RP). We employed a recently developed genotyping microarray, the ABCR400-chip, to search for known ABCA4 mutations in patients with isolated or autosomal recessive CRD (54 cases) or RP (90 cases). ...
Oh Kean T - - 2004
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical and electroretinogram (ERG) features of our cohort of patients with Stargardt disease (STGD) exhibiting coding sequence variations in the ABCA4 gene. METHODS: Review of 76 patients with the clinical diagnosis of Stargardt disease/fundus flavimaculatus (STGD/FF) from the University of Iowa Department of Ophthalmology and Visual ...
Törüner Murat - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Thromboembolic events are more common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease than in the normal population; however, the reason for the increased prevalence is not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of factor V Leiden, prothrombin G20210A and methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene mutations ...
Eklund Erik A - - 2005
In this report we describe the first two US patients with congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ig (CDG-Ig). Both patients presented with symptoms indicating CDG, including developmental delay, hypotonia and failure to thrive, and tested positive for deficient glycosylation of transferrin. Labeling of the patients' lipid-linked oligosaccharides suggested mutations in ...
Shaoul Ron - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The etiology and mechanism leading to granuloma formation in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are presently unknown. The first susceptibility gene to be identified as a risk factor for CD is the NOD2/CARD15 gene on Chromosome 16. Mutations in NOD2 could affect the intracellular response to bacterial products and ...
Coenen Marieke J H - - 2004
We report a cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-deficient patient, clinically affected with Leigh-like disease, with a homozygous mutation in the COX10 start codon. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed a decrease of fully assembled COX without the accumulation of partially assembled COX subcomplexes. Western blot analysis with antibodies directed to COX subunits I, ...
Challa Sundaram - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial diseases are caused by mutations in mitochondrial or nuclear genes, or both and most patients do not present with easily recognizable disorders. The characteristic morphologic change in muscle biopsy, ragged-red fibers (RRFs) provides an important clue to the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data, presenting symptoms, neurological features, ...
Khadilkar S V - - 2004
The aim of the study was to analyze the clinical and laboratory characteristics of Indian patients having dysferlinopathy. Patients with limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) were prospectively studied. History, examination, and laboratory evaluation, including creatine kinase, electrophysiology, and muscle biopsy with immunocytochemistry, was carried out. Fourteen patients (14.58% of patients ...
Barshop Bruce A - - 2004
In order to examine correlations which might be useful in ascertaining or confirming the diagnosis of mitochondrial disease, a retrospective analysis of urine organic acids was performed. Among 3646 analyses from randomly selected samples referred to our laboratory, there were 258 specimens from 67 patients with various known disorders of ...
Pennings Ronald J E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the findings of audiovestibular and ophthalmologic examinations in four families with mutations in the CDH23 gene. STUDY DESIGN: Family study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Four DFNB12 patients from a large consanguineous Dutch family and six patients from three different Usher syndrome Type ID families were examined. ...
Chan Wai Man - - 2004
The optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings, clinical features, and mutations in the RS1 gene of two unrelated patients with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) are reported herein. Two Chinese patients with early onset XLRS were given a comprehensive ophthalmologic examination and OCT investigation. The RS1 gene was screened for sequence alterations in ...
Alhatou Mohammed I - - 2004
The objective of the work described in this paper was to evaluate mitochondrial abnormalities in perifascicular atrophic fibers in muscle biopsies from patients with dermatomyositis (DM). We localized cytochrome c oxidase (COX) and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) histochemically in muscle biopsies of 12 patients with DM, and 12 control patients with ...
Hu Min - - 2004
We report a novel mutation in WT1 exon 9 (1214 A>G) resulting in an amino acid change from H to R at codon 405 in a 46 XY female patient who had congenital hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, pseudohermaphroditism masculinus, renal failure, and Wilms tumor, and died at the age of 22 ...
Kasai Takefumi - - 2004
Plasma nitric oxide (NO) levels in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients were significantly lower than those observed in both healthy controls and in patients with other neuromuscular disorders. The correlation between NO level and ejection fraction was significant (r = -0.384, p = 0.0391) in the DMD group. Disruption of ...
Royer-Pokora Brigitte - - 2004
We report here 24 new Wilms tumor (WT) patients with germline WT1 alterations and a synopsis of our own previously described and literature cases in whom age of tumor-onset, gender, and laterality were known. This combined database contains 282 patients, 117 patients with and 165 without WT1 germline alterations. Using ...
Brauch Hiltrud - - 2004
Occupational exposures have long been suspected to play a role in the incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Especially, the carcinogenicity of the industrial solvent trichloroethylene (TCE) has been controversially debated, both with respect to the epidemiological and the molecular studies. In order to further elucidate this issue, it appeared ...
Casals T - - 2004
While all patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) have mutations in both CFTR alleles, often only one CFTR change is detected in patients with other lung disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate whether heterozygosity for CFTR mutations could be a determinant risk factor in the development of bronchiectasis ...
Pradhan Sunil - - 2004
Valley sign has been described in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). As there are genetic and clinical similarities between DMD and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), this clinical sign is evaluated in this study in BMD and DMD/BMD outliers. To evaluate the sign, 28 patients with Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD), ...
van der Valk Marc - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Mitochondrial toxicity resulting from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion is suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of lipodystrophy. METHODS: We cross-sectionally assessed lipodystrophy both clinically and radiographically in patients who, 4 years before, had been enrolled in a randomized comparative trial of stavudine- or zidovudine-based therapy. mtDNA content was ...
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