Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2026
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Kato-Narita Eliane Mayumi - - 2011
To analyze the correlation between balance, falls and loss of functional capacity in mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease(AD). 40 subjects without cognitive impairment (control group) and 48 AD patients (25 mild, 23 moderate) were evaluated with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the Disability Assessment for Dementia (DAD). Subjects answered ...
Rezai Pedram - - 2011
To evaluate feasibility and reproducibility of quantification of perinephric hematoma volume on multidetector-row CT (MDCT). Perinephric hematomas in 63 patients (42 males, 21 females, median age: 49 years) imaged with contrast-enhanced MDCT of the abdomen were evaluated. A semi-automated segmentation software was applied to quantify hematoma volume. Reproducibility for quantification of ...
Fragoso Yára Dadalti - - 2011
The increased prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in multiple sclerosis (MS) has recently been the subject of a few papers. The present study investigated the prevalence of RLS symptoms in MS patients and in controls in four Brazilian cities. Additionally, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was ...
Kwon Yong Hyun YH Department of Physical Therapy, Yeungnam College of Science & Technology, Yeungnam University, Daemyungdong, Namku, Taegu, Republic of - - 2011
This study compared the usefulness of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), and the combined study of TMS and DTT for prediction of motor outcome in patients with corona radiata infarct. Fifty-eight patients with complete motor weakness of the affected hand were recruited. TMS and DTT were performed ...
Ishikawa Naoshi - - 2011
Many data pertaining to the accelerated telomere loss in cultured cells derived from Werner syndrome (WS), a representative premature aging syndrome, have been accumulated. However, there have been no definitive data onin vivo telomere shortening in WS patients. In the present study, we measured terminal restriction fragment (TRF) lengths of ...
Morizane Chigusa - - 2011
To identify prognostic factors in patients with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The relationship between patient characteristics and outcome was examined by multivariate regression analyses of data from 409 consecutive patients with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma who had been treated with a gemcitabine-containing regimen, and we stratified the patients into 3 risk groups ...
Hansen Jakob M - - 2011
(Headache 2011;51:544-553) Background.- Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a key molecule in migraine pathogenesis. Intravenous CGRP triggers migraine-like attacks in patients with migraine with aura and without aura. In contrast, patients with familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) with known mutations did not report more migraine-like attacks compared to controls. Whether CGRP ...
Bosco D - - 2011
Aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy, tolerability and quality-of-life measures to melevodopa in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) with motor fluctuations (MFs). A total of 37 patients with advanced PD and MFs participated in the study. Patients were switched from standard l-dopa/carbidopa to melevodopa and were ...
Sharma Parikshit - - 2011
Background: Vitiligo is the most common depigmentary disorder of the skin and hair, resulting from selective destruction of melanocytes. Melasma, a hyperpigmentary disorder, presents as irregular, brown, macular hypermelanosis. A small subset of vitiligo patients paradoxically also have melasma. Objective: To evaluate and compare the response to narrow-band UVB in ...
Thomas Anish J - - 2011
Emphysema of any pathogenesis (nearly always chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) verticalizes the frontal P-wave axis >60° in adults, which, as a single criterion, has screened for obstructive pulmonary disease. In patients with emphysema, the QRS was of a significantly shorter duration than that in matched control patients. We investigated whether ...
Smania N - - 2011
Lower limb paresis is one of the main determinants of postural transferring, standing and walking disability in patients with stroke. Early prognosis of recovery of lower limb function and of related functional disability is an important issue in neurorehabilitation clinical practice. Aim of this study was to assess the relationship ...
Emmanuel Andrew - - 2011
No reliably specific marker for acute appendicitis has been identified. Although recent studies have shown hyperbilirubinaemia to be a useful predictor of appendiceal perforation, they did not focus on the value of bilirubin as a marker for acute appendicitis. The aim of this study was to determine the value of ...
Jevtic Dragana - - 2011
Prediction of veno-occlusive disease (VOD), its precise diagnosis, and treatment have been the subject of various studies, but still remain unclear. Our goal was to investigate the levels of activated coagulation and fibrinolysis markers and natural anticoagulants in pediatric patients with VOD after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We investigated ...
Delogu Angelica B - - 2011
Dravet syndrome (DS) is an epileptic encephalopathy related mainly to mutations in the SCN1A gene, encoding for neuronal sodium channels. Patients with DS have a high risk of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). In this study we investigated whether patients with DS present abnormalities in electrical and autonomic cardiac ...
Kim Hyun Kwon - - 2011
It is difficult to predict the prognosis or clinical course of secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) due to the various underlying causes. The authors analyzed the clinical and laboratory findings and outcomes in patients with HLH who had initially been diagnosed with Kawasaki disease (KD), and evaluated the clinical significance of ...
Zitt E - - 2011
Background: We hypothesized that the PTH (1-84)/non-PTH (1-84) ratio (PTH ratio) might help to assess cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients. Methods: In this prospective cohort study 70 prevalent hemodialysis patients were followed up to 4 years. The PTH ratio was determined at baseline. Primary outcomes were cardiovascular events (CVE) and ...
Voshol I E - - 2011
Abstract Objective: The aim of this research was to study the frequency of Le Fort I osteotomies (LFI) in cleft patients treated according to protocol of the Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam. Design: Retrospective cohort study Patients: 508 cleft patients born between 01-01-1983 and 31-12-1992 were evaluated. Main Outcome Measures: ...
Fucà Giuseppe - - 2011
Background: Detection of markers of incipient syncope in patients with vasovagal syncope (VVS), without prodromal symptom, is still an open issue. The aim of this study was to assess the behavior of heart rate (HR) and ejection time, expressed as the percentage of the corresponding cardiac cycle (ET%), in patients ...
Yong Ji - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the ratio of the transcription factors T-bet/GATA-3 in patients with allergic asthma. Forty-seven individuals with allergic asthma and 47 healthy control individuals provided 5 ml of anticoagulated peripheral venous blood. Lymphocytes in peripheral blood were isolated by Ficoll and treated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) ...
Pulkovski N - - 2012
Spine stabilisation exercises, in which patients are taught to preferentially activate the transversus abdominus (TrA) during "abdominal hollowing" (AH), are a popular treatment for chronic low back pain (cLBP). The present study investigated whether performance during AH differed between cLBP patients and controls to an extent that would render it ...
Candelario-Jalil Eduardo E Department of Neurology, MSC 10 5620, 1 University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, - - 2011
Subcortical ischemic vascular disease (SIVD) is a major form of vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) due to small vessel disease. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are neutral proteases that disrupt the blood-brain barrier and degrade myelin basic protein under conditions of neuroinflammation. Brain tissues and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with VCI have ...
Hui Yuan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Nasal S. aureus carrier rates are significantly higher in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) compared to healthy controls (HC), and nasal colonisation is a risk-factor for relapse. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are important defence molecules maintaining an intact barrier function. It is the aim of this study to see if ...
Simons Claudia J P - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities of the auditory P300 are a robust finding in patients with psychosis. The purposes of this study were to determine whether patients with a psychotic disorder and their unaffected siblings show abnormalities in P300 and N100 and to establish test-retest reliabilities for these ERP components. METHODS: Using an ...
Yamashita Shinji - - 2011
Background and Purpose: The aim of this study was to devise a new ischemic stroke (IS)/hemorrhagic stroke (HS) stroke score to distinguish IS from HS for emergency medical services (EMS). Materials and Methods: We studied patients with IS and HS who were admitted within 6 h of onset and transferred ...
Sastre Beatriz - - 2011
Non-asthmatic eosinophilic bronchitis (NAEB) is characterized by chronic cough and sputum eosinophilia without bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The aim of the present study is to determine whether increased levels of PGE(2) from NAEB sputum supernatants play a protective role in airway inflammation and muscular hyperplasia. Twenty-one patients with NAEB, 15 asthmatic patients, ...
Gruber Hannes - - 2011
Although the diagnosis of "idiopathic trigger finger" (stenosing tenovaginitis) is normally based on clinical examination alone, to date there is no reliable evaluation defining this idiopathic disease beyond an exclusion of secondary causes or an unnecessary sonographic certification of high-grade impairment. By standardized assessment of 32 patients who retrospectively fulfilled ...
Jozefowicz-Korczynska Magdalena - - 2011
In multiple sclerosis (MS), randomly located demyelination lesions may involve a large part of the central nervous system and disturb oculomotor activity, including impairment of saccadic and pursuit systems. The aim of the work was to determine the frequency of smooth pursuit disturbances in MS patients and assess the feasibility ...
Cimolin Veronica - - 2011
This study aimed to quantify and compare the gait pattern in Ehlers-Danlos (EDS) and Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patients to provide data for developing evidence-based rehabilitation strategies. Twenty EDS and 19 PWS adult patients were evaluated with an optoelectronic system and force platforms for measuring kinematic and kinetic parameters during walking. ...
Moya Angel - - 2011
Although patients with syncope and bundle branch block (BBB) are at high risk of developing atrio-ventricular block, syncope may be due to other aetiologies. We performed a prospective, observational study of the clinical outcomes of patients with syncope and BBB following a systematic diagnostic approach. Patients with ≥1 syncope in ...
Cevoli Sabina - - 2011
Background: Hypocretins (orexins) are hypothalamic neuropeptides which are involved in a wide range of physiological processes in mammals including central pain processing. Genetic studies in humans evidenced a role for the hypocretinergic system in cluster headache (CH). Patients and methods: We tested cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hypocretin-1 (orexin-A) levels in 10 ...
Lee Kwang-Hoon - - 2011
Tuberculin reactions in patients with immunocompromised conditions have been reported to be attenuated compared with healthy controls. In the case of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), several studies have reported conflicting results. We performed this study to evaluate the tuberculin reaction in patients with RA in a region with intermediate burden of ...
Vosslamber Saskia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st> Despite the fact that rituximab depletes B cells in all treated patients with RA, not all patients show a favourable clinical response. The goal of this study was to provide insight into pharmacological changes in peripheral blood that are associated with clinical response to rituximab. METHODS: /st> Gene ...
Antonaglia Vittorio - - 2011
Background:Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) using a face mask is the ventilatory mode of choice in selected patients experiencing acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A high incidence of intolerance limits the use of this approach. Objective: To evaluate the sequential use of mask and helmet during NPPV ...
Saruhara Hirokazu - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is not only a cause of hypertension; it also possibly affects the pathogenesis and progression of aortic disease because an inspiratory effort-induced increase in negative intrathoracic pressure generates mechanical stress on the aortic wall. The objective of the present study was to examine the incidence by ...
Aldemir M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate and compare histological characteristics of spermatic veins in patients with and without varicocele. Between February 2009 and July 2009, spermatic veins were obtained from 13 patients with varicocele. Microsurgical subinguinal low ligation was performed in all patients. Spermatic veins of patients without ...
Yatsuga Shuichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: MELAS (mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes) (OMIM 540000) is the most dominantsubtype of mitochondrial myopathy.The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, natural course, and severity of MELAS. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 96 Japanese patients with MELAS was followed between June 2003 ...
Camargo Elisa Watanabe - - 2011
To compare clinical and laboratory findings between patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) versus secondary APS due to rheumatic fever (APS-RF) (according to Jones criteria). Seventy-three APS patients (Sapporo criteria) were enrolled, and demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were collected. Exclusion criteria were heart congenital abnormalities and previous infectious endocarditis. ...
Aldous Sally J - - 2011
Previous studies have shown a risk of subsequent major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and elevated cardiac troponin. The aim of this study was to compare prognostic utility of high-sensitivity troponin with contemporary troponin assays in such patients. In total, 332 patients with ...
Borgman M A MA Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2011
The empiric use of a high plasma to packed red-blood-cell [fresh frozen plasma:red-blood-cells (FFP:RBC)] ratio in trauma resuscitation for patients with massive bleeding has become well accepted without clear or objective indications. Increased plasma transfusion is associated with worse outcome in some patient populations. While previous studies analyse only patients ...
Nair Mohan - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of ventricular tachycardia (VT) using non-contact electro-anatomic mapping in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). Fifteen consecutive patients (44 ± 15 years) with ARVD/C and symptomatic VTs were studied. Eight patients had syncopal VTs. Two patients had recurrent VT while on ...
Beltsis Athanasios - - 2011
We conducted a pH-monitoring study to determine the prevalence of pathologic gastroesophageal reflux (GER+) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR+) in patients with resected benign true vocal fold lesions (TVFLs) and positive reflux finding score (RFS). We compared our findings with those of patients with typical GER disease (GERD) symptoms and normal ...
Jategaonkar Smita R - - 2011
Ebstein's anomaly is frequently associated with interatrial communications. In patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation standard treatment is the surgical repair or replacement of the tricuspid valve and patch closure of the atrial septal defect. We sought to evaluate the feasibility and short-term outcome of interventional device closure of interatrial communications ...
Manawadu Dulka - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Contrast transthoracic echocardiography (TTCE) is used to screen hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients for right-to-left shunts (RLS) associated with increased stroke risk. We hypothesized that contrast transcranial Doppler (TCDc), shown to be highly sensitive for detecting RLS in patent foramen ovale, will be as comparable to TTCE ...
Tuygun Abdullah Kemal - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction may play a major role in both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and Buerger's disease (BD). Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and increased ADMA levels impair vascular homeostasis. We aimed to determine the plasma levels of ADMA and evaluate the relationship ...
Havla Joachim - - 2011
Natalizumab (NAT) is an effective therapy for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), but is associated with an increased risk of progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy after 2 years therapy. Thus, NAT treated patients often decide to stop NAT therapy after 2 years. Reports on recurrence of disease activity after NAT discontinuation are controversial. We studied ...
Kim Seung Jun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is an established technique to estimate the risk for cardiovascular complications in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). An enlarged left atrium (LA) has recently emerged as a marker of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in various pathologic conditions. However, there have been few studies to evaluate its prognostic value ...
Ihara Kensuke - - 2011
As the technique for radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) has progressed, so has our knowledge of both normal and abnormal anatomy of the left atrium and pulmonary veins (PV). We treated several AF patients with accessory conduction pathways (ACP) who were also found to have a common ostium ...
Yeo Sang Seok - - 2011
ABSTRACT Objectives: The fornix is indirectly connected to the anterior thalamus via the mamilothalamic tract. There has been no diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) study on the effect of thalamic hemorrhage on the fornix. Using DTT, we attempted to investigate the effect of thalamic hemorrhage on the fornix in patients with ...
Riggio Oliviero - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES), which includes 5 psychometric tests, is a standard for the diagnosis of minimal HE (MHE). We investigated whether a simplified PHES (SPHES) is as useful as the whole PHES. METHODS: The PHES was determined for 79 cirrhotic patients (the training group), ...
van den Broek Frank J C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the yield and clinical impact of random biopsies taken during colonoscopic surveillance of patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis (UC).METHODS:Retrospective analysis of 1,010 colonoscopies performed from 1998 to 2008. Colonoscopy and pathology reports were reviewed to assess the yield and clinical impact of random biopsies. In total, 475 patients ...
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