Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2026
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Sachetto Zoraida - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics in patients diagnosed with Behçet's disease (BD) in Brazil. We performed a retrospective review of all the patients' records with BD diagnosed from 1988 to 2010 in the Rheumatology Department at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP). ...
Brodoefel H - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify the high-resolution CT (HRCT) patterns of Herpes-Simplex-Virus 1 (HSV) pneumonia in immunocompromised patients and correlate findings to outcome and radiographic follow-up until death or complete resolution of findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: HRCT data-sets and plain radiographic follow-ups were reviewed in 25 immunocompromised patients with confirmation of new ...
Soddu Andrea - - 2011
Objectives:Recent fMRI studies have shown that it is possible to reliably identify the default-mode network (DMN) in the absence of any task, by resting-state connectivity analyses in healthy volunteers. We here aimed to identify the DMN in the challenging patient population of disorders of consciousness encountered following coma. Experimental design: ...
Goda Ayumi - - 2011
Abstract  Background: Use of ventricular assist devices (VADs) in patients with prosthetic valves may carry an increased risk of thromboembolism; however, clinical information is lacking. The aim of this study was to report our experience of the use of VADs in patients with prosthetic mitral valves. Methods: A retrospective analysis ...
Nakabayashi Kimimasa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is thought to be distinct from vasculitis. In contrast, there have been several papers suggesting the presence of angiitis in cases that were positive for anti-GBM antibody (Ab), as well as for either myeloperoxidase (MPO)- or proteinase 3 (PR3)-anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) (Group I). ...
Aljaroudi Wael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Limited published data suggested that patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) might have "cirrhotic cardiomyopathy," which could have an earlier stage manifested by mechanical dyssynchrony before left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied consecutive patients with ESLD who had a stress-gated Tc-99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion imaging between ...
Ozdemir Oya - - 2011
The aim of this study was to identify the pulmonary abnormalities on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to examine the relationship with the duration of disease and pulmonary function test (PFT) results. Twenty male AS patients with a mean age of 37.1 ± 9.4 years were enrolled ...
Zheng Benrong - - 2011
To investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), a seromarker for current infection of hepatitis B virus, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) from south China and to evaluate its association with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27. The prevalence of HBsAg was retrospectively investigated in 439 patients with AS, ...
Mathew Robert - - 2011
Introduction: The motor features of corticobasal syndrome (CBS) are well recognized but the fact that many, if not all, affected patients develop cognitive impairment is still underrecognized. The dementia of CBS overlaps most with a language variant of frontotemporal dementia: progressive nonfluent aphasia (PNFA). The aim of this study was ...
Smach Mohamed Ali - - 2011
Background: Amyloid deposition in the brain is an early event in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but a dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier or a disturbance in the metabolism of folate and homocysteine (Hcy) may affect the development of dementia. We investigated if the concentrations of folate and Hcy would be modified ...
Rodríguez-Labrada Roberto - - 2011
Data on saccadic latency in patients with Spinocerebellar Ataxia 2 (SCA2) are sparse and contradictory. In order to determine whether saccadic latency is definitely prolonged, identify its possible determinants and evaluate it as disease biomarker we assessed the saccadic latency by electronystagmography in 110 SCA2 patients and their paired controls. ...
Chang Catherina L - - 2011
Retrospective studies suggest that plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin T are often elevated in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and are associated with increased mortality. These cardiac biomarkers were investigated in an unselected cohort of patients admitted to hospital ...
Deftereos Spyridon - - 2011
We hypothesized that uptitration of β blockade and adjustment of pacing parameters to achieve a prevalence of single chamber atrial inhibited rate-responsive (AAIR) pacing in patients with dual-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) would result in maximization of β-blocker dosage and thus decrease appropriate ICD therapies. We included patients with ischemic or ...
Abu El-Asrar Ahmed M - - 2011
Aqueous humor (AH) samples from patients with Behçet's disease (BD) (n=29), Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease (n=21), and HLA-B27-associated uveitis (n=8), and 42 control patients were assayed for the neutrophil chemoattractants CXCL1/GRO-α and CXCL8/IL-8 and the lymphocyte chemoattractants CXCL9/MIG, CXCL10/IP-10 and CXCL12/SDF-1 with the use of a multiplex chemokine assay. Chemokine levels ...
Brunamonti Emiliano - - 2011
Inhibition of inappropriate responses allows to shape the motor behavior accordingly to the context in which a subject acts and is an essential executive function. Inhibition has been poorly investigated in Down Syndrome (DS) patients. We tested, using a countermanding task, the inhibitory control in a group of DS patients ...
Ndrepepa Gjin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The impact of high-sensitivity troponin assays on risk stratification of patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) is unknown. METHODS: The study included 447 patients with NSTE-ACS. Cardiac troponin T (TnT) was measured with conventional and high-sensitivity assays, in parallel, using the same plasma sample. The primary end-point ...
Zivadinov R - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CCSVI was recently described in patients with MS. CCSVI is diagnosed noninvasively by Doppler sonography and invasively by catheter venography. We assessed the role of conventional MRV for the detection of IJV anomalies in patients with MS diagnosed with CCSVI and in healthy controls who underwent MRV ...
Habermann Walter - - 2012
To evaluate whether patients with abnormal Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and Reflux Finding Score (RFS) benefit from proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Open, multicenter, prospective longitudinal cohort study. Patients with suspected reflux-associated laryngologic symptoms were evaluated by 40 community practice otolaryngologists using RSI and RFS. Patients were treated with pantoprazole ...
Butwick Alexander - - 2011
Background: In this study, we assessed the relationship between coagulation parameters using kaolin-activated thromboelastography (TEG®) and total estimated blood loss (EBL) in patients undergoing elective cesarean delivery (CD). Methods: TEG® parameters were recorded in 52 patients before and after elective CD. Laboratory markers of coagulation (prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin ...
Brantberg Krister - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: Vertigo attacks in patients with benign recurrent vertigo (BRV) cannot be distinguished from those in patients with Meniere's disease on the basis of duration, triggers or associated symptoms (other than auditory). A subset of BRV is associated with migraine. Objective: To investigate whether clinical features of vertigo attacks ...
Lam Yat-Yin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The relation between pulmonary venous flow (PVF) pattern and degree of left-to-right interatrial shunting (IAS) in patients with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is unknown. METHODS: Fifty consecutive ASD patients (14 males, 36±17years) received transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) before and 1day after transcatheter closure and their results were compared to ...
Gatzinsky Vladimir - - 2011
Oesophageal atresia (OA) is a congenital malformation that can lead to persistent respiratory symptoms in adulthood. To describe the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in adulthood in a population-based study of patients with repaired OA and to compare this with the prevalence in the general population. Of 80 patients operated for ...
Abu Sham'a Raed - - 2011
Aims Anodal stimulation (ANS) is a recognized phenomenon among patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT); this is noted during left ventricular (LV) pacing by the LV tip to right ventricular (RV) ring configuration. Its incidence varies according to the implanted hardware. We aim at evaluating the incidence of ANS and ...
Matta Maria - - 2011
Context: Divergence between GH and IGF-I values are often reported in treated acromegalic patients, but the mechanisms of this discrepancy have not been completely explored. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of divergence between GH and IGF-I values and identify the role of clinical and metabolic factors in treated patients with ...
Ionescu Clara M - - 2011
This paper presents the application of multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis to data emerging from noninvasive lung function tests, namely the input respiratory impedance. The aim is to obtain a geometrical mapping of the diseases in a 3D space representation, allowing analysis of (dis)similarities between subjects within the same pathology groups, ...
Nikolopoulou M - - 2011
Summary  It has recently been suggested that wearing a maxillary occlusal splint (i.e. a hard acrylic resin dental appliance that covers the occlusal surfaces of the maxillary dentition and that is being indicated for the treatment of, e.g. temporomandibular pain) may be associated with a risk of aggravating obstructive sleep ...
Allen Jacqui E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies do not routinely obtain images of the esophagus. We incorporated a single esophageal screening swallow into our videofluoroscopic swallowing study protocol. The purpose of this study was to compare findings from "esophageal screening" with the results of full esophagram. METHODS: Patients undergoing videofluoroscopic swallowing studies with ...
Goldberg Jessica I - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is associated with reduced morbidity, although lymphedema remains a significant complication. Previously, we found no association between number of excised lymph nodes (LNs) and measured lymphedema in SLNB patients. In this analysis, we examined the relationship between number of LNs excised during SLNB and ...
Mendelsohn Robin B - - 2011
Endoscopically inserted self-expandable metal stents (SEMSs) are used to palliate malignant gastric outlet obstruction (GOO). Peritoneal disease is considered a relative contraindication to SEMS placement given the risk of multifocal obstruction. To evaluate the success of SEMSs placed in patients with GOO with carcinomatosis. Retrospective review of patients who underwent ...
Solowij N - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The cerebellum is rich in cannabinoid receptors and implicated in the neuropathology of schizophrenia. Long-term cannabis use is associated with functional and structural brain changes similar to those evident in schizophrenia, yet its impact on cerebellar structure has not been determined. We examined cerebellar grey and white matter in ...
Sun X - - 2011
Sun X, Meng H, Shi D, Xu L, Zhang L, Chen Z, Feng X, Lu R. Analysis of plasma calprotectin and polymorphisms of S100A8 in patients with aggressive periodontitis. J Periodont Res 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2011.01350.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background and Objective:  Calprotectin is an important proinflammatory ...
Vitale Carmine - - 2011
Lateral trunk flexion is a very common clinical observation in patients affected by Parkinson's disease. Postural control is known to depend on vestibular, visual, and somatosensory information. The aim of this study was to investigate whether impairment of vestibular function can account for the postural alterations observed in parkinsonian patients ...
Marini Roberto - - 2011
The objective of this study was to analyze the un-stimulated and stimulated release of superoxide anion (O(2) (-)) by granulocytes and monocytes in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (jSLE). The un-stimulated and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA, 30 nM)-induced O(2) (-)by granulocytes and monocytes were determined in six different times of incubation ...
Urbonaviciene Grazina - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of inflammatory mediators reflect vascular inflammation, and play a significant role in the genesis of atherosclerosis, plaque instability and rupture. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Plasma α-defensin and serum high sensitivity C reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were examined in 463 patients with lower-extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The relationships ...
Krabbi K - - 2011
The main aim of our study was to retrospectively evaluate long-term complications and measure urinary galactose and galactitol excretion in classical galactosemia patients in Estonia who have been treated with a less restricted lactose-free diet and metabolic control. Our study group consisted of five classical galactosemia patients aged 7-14years and ...
Shariat Abdolhamid - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the incidence, frequency, and contributing factors of microembolic signals (MESs) in patients with cryptogenic stroke with or without patent foramen ovale (PFO). METHODS: Transcranial Doppler monitoring for MESs detection was performed for 62 patients with acute cryptogenic stroke with PFO (PFO(+)) and 34 patients with acute cryptogenic ...
Kim Hui-Taek - - 2011
Heretofore, the general concept in treating Legg-Calve-Perthes (LCP) disease has been containment of the diseased femoral head into the acetabulum. However, surgery or bracing for containment of a deformed femoral head without accurate information on its dynamic relationship with the hip may aggravate hip congruity and lead to impingement between ...
Ashida Toshifumi - - 2011
We conducted a multicenter study to investigate the efficacy of leukocytapheresis (LCAP) without concomitant steroid therapy in active ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. Twenty patients were enrolled. LCAP was performed twice a week for 3weeks. The results revealed a significant decrease of the Lichtiger's clinical activity index (CAI) from 11.7±2.6 at ...
Sturm V - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to report the geometric range of angle kappa formation in patients with and without strabismus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of three patients with angle kappa in different planes. Routine eye examinations, including visual acuity, slit-lamp examination, and ophthalmoscopy, were ...
Airo' Paolo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of malignancies in Italian patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and anti-RNA polymerase III (RNAP III), antitopoisomerase I (topo I), or anticentromere antibodies (ACA); and to characterize the temporal relationship between the 2 diseases, in order to confirm data suggesting a close temporal relationship between the ...
Ishikawa Naoshi - - 2011
Many data pertaining to the accelerated telomere loss in cultured cells derived from Werner syndrome (WS), a representative premature aging syndrome, have been accumulated. However, there have been no definitive data on in vivo telomere shortening in WS patients. In the present study, we measured terminal restriction fragment (TRF) lengths ...
Sankar Wudbhav N - - 2011
Children with unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) often appear to have overcoverage of their contralateral (normal) side. This increased coverage can be a contributing factor to femoroacetabular impingement. The purpose of this study was to quantify the coverage of the normal hip in patients with unilateral SCFE and to ...
Kargın Ramazan - - 2011
Plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) level increases with symptoms and severity of mitral regurgitation (MR). We aimed to determine the relationship between plasma BNP levels and echocardiographic parameters in patients with acute and chronic MR. The study included 55 patients (31 males, 24 females) with isolated moderate-to-severe MR. Of these, ...
Burgess Nicholas G - - 2011
Multichannel Intraluminal Impedance (MII) Monitoring is a method of examining oesophageal bolus transit without the need for radiation. In combination with oesophageal manometry it allows correlation of bolus transit with peristaltic activity. The clinical application of impedance manometry is still being refined. This audit looked to examine whether impedance manometry ...
Kılıçkesmez Kadriye Orta - - 2011
We evaluated the value of QT interval dispersion in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) in association with echocardiographic parameters and serum N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels. The study consisted of 46 patients (39 women, 7 men; mean age 46.9±9.7 years) with moderate-to-severe rheumatic MS. All patients underwent ...
Rogalski Emily Joy EJ Cognitive Neurology and Alzheimer's Disease Center, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine if the apolipoprotein ε gene, which is a well-established susceptibility factor for Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology in typical amnestic dementias, may also represent a risk factor in the language-based dementia, primary progressive aphasia (PPA). Apolipoprotein E genotyping was obtained from 149 patients ...
Yuksel Deniz - - 2011
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ocular manifestations of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and to investigate possible risk factors in a relatively large series of patients. Methods: In this prospective study, patients who were diagnosed with SSPE and had undergone ophthalmic examination were included. Results: Of ...
Benglis David - - 2011
Object The natural history of untreated Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is poorly defined. The object of this study was to investigate outcomes in pediatric patients with CM-I who were followed up without surgical intervention. Methods The authors retrospectively reviewed 124 cases involving patients with CM-I who presented between July ...
Younes Mamoun - - 2011
For a confident diagnosis of dysplasia in Barrett metaplasia, the epithelial atypia should also involve the surface epithelium. However, pathologists are often faced with biopsies where the crypts show dysplasia, but the surface epithelium is either uninvolved or unevaluable. We previously grouped these cases with indefinite for dysplasia (IND). To ...
Antonchak Marc A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which cognitive dysfunction (CD) observed in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) exceeds that seen in a matched control group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to estimate the prevalence of CD in SLE in a community-based sample. METHODS: A random subsample of ...
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