Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2025
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Torraca Serena - - 2011
We have already demonstrated that in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, the cyclic variations in both hydration status and blood pressure are responsible for changes in pulse wave velocity (PWV). The aim of this study is to verify whether the cyclic variation of PWV influences mortality in dialysis patients. We studied ...
Luporsi P - - 2011
Background: Fondaparinux has a favourable efficacy-safety profile but if major bleeding occurs, reversal of antithrombotic treatment is challenging. We present clinical and biological observations from patients treated with rFVIIa for bleeding under fondaparinux. Methods: Fondaparinux-treated patients with bleeding (>10% haematocrit decrease) and cardiovascular collapse were eligible. Patients received a single ...
Siu Chung-Wah - - 2011
While long-term anticoagulation prevents ischemic stroke in high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), the optimal initial anti-thrombotic regime in acute AF is less well defined. We randomized 96 patients with new onset acute AF in an emergency admission ward to receive (1) once-daily preparation of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), ...
Jang Timothy - - 2011
Background Sonographic assessment of jugular venous distension (US-JVD) has been described as a sensitive test for pulmonary oedema on chest x-ray in patients with dyspnoea, but chest x-ray may not detect all patients with raised B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. Objective To compare US-JVD and initial BNP levels in patients ...
Shah Keyur B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Soluble ST2 (sST2), an interleukin-1 receptor family member, is an emerging risk indicator for patients with cardiovascular disease. We evaluated the prognostic role of sST2 for patients presenting to the emergency department with acute dyspnea, with a focus on those with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≥50%), as ...
Roorda Andrew K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Reflux-like dyspepsia (RLD), where predominant epigastric pain is associated with heartburn and/or regurgitation, is a common clinical syndrome in both primary and specialty care. Because symptom frequency and severity vary, overlap among gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), and RLD, is quite common. The chronic and recurrent ...
Zeidler Kristin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe thrombocytopenia are at risk for bleeding during insertion of central venous catheters (CVCs). Although most guidelines recommend preprocedural platelet (PLT) transfusions at a threshold of less than 50 × 10(9) /L, there is only weak evidence supporting such recommendations. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The current study aimed to ...
Kanno Shigenori - - 2011
The aim of this study was to characterise the white matter damage involved in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and the relationship between this damage and clinical presentation. Twenty patients with INPH, 20 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 20 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (as ...
Moghtaderi Ali - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the serum activity of paraoxonase 1(PON1) and assess the distribution of PON1 polymorphisms in MS patients in the relapse phase. DESIGN AND METHODS: PON1 and arylesterase (ARE) serum activities were measured in two equal groups (each group 63 cases) of relapsing-remitting ...
Mercadal Orfila G - - 2012
Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic agent, recommended for treating refractory secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients undergoing dialysis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cinacalcet, comparing patients with baseline iPTH > 300 pg/ml with those with iPTH < 300 pg/ml. Observational retrospective study of patients being ...
Neilan Ryan E - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the recovery outcomes in pediatric patients with otogenic lateral sinus and internal jugular vein thrombosis. METHODS: An inpatient database from a tertiary care pediatric hospital was queried from 1999 to 2010 for the diagnosis code [325] thrombosis of intracranial venous sinus. Demographics, extent of thrombosis, surgical intervention, ...
Marín Royo Margarita - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that physical activity (PA) in COPD is associated with a better quality of life and less morbidity and mortality. Our aim was to study the daily PA in the lives of stable COPD patients, outside the setting of a pulmonary rehabilitation program. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ...
Zhao Hongwei - - 2011
Several studies have proved transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is efficient in the evaluation of patients with hematospermia, but the numbers of patients were less than 60 in each of the previous reports. Herein, a total of 270 patients with hematospermia were evaluated by TRUS to assess its efficacy in the etiologic ...
Blain C R V CR Department of Clinical Neuroscience, King’s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, - - 2011
The homogeneous genotype and stereotyped phenotype of a unique familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (patients homozygous for aspartate-to-alanine mutations in codon 90 (homD90A) superoxide dismutase 1) provides an ideal model for studying genotype/phenotype interactions and pathological features compared with heterogeneous apparently sporadic ALS. The authors aimed to use ...
Mortellaro Vincent E - - 2011
Appendicitis in the neutropenic patient places the clinician in a precarious position; balancing the timing and risks of surgery and the risk of an uncontrolled infectious source in the abdomen. Multi-center retrospective review from 2000 to 2010 of appendicitis occurring in patients with neutropenia secondary to chemotherapy. Patient demographics and ...
Gizzi Leonardo - - 2011
It has been hypothesized that the coordinated activation of muscles is controlled by the central nervous system by means of a small alphabet of control signals (also referred to as activation signals) and motor modules (synergies). We analyzed the locomotion of 10 patients recently affected by stroke (maximum of 20 ...
Anderson V M - - 2011
White matter (WM) and grey matter (GM) brain damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) is widespread, but the extent of cerebellar involvement and impact on disability needs to be clarified. This study aimed to assess cerebellar WM and GM atrophy and the degree of fibre coherence in the main cerebellar connections, ...
Schneider Harald J HJ Medizinische Klinik, Innenstadt, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Ziemssenstrasse 1, 80336 Munich, Germany. - - 2011
The delay between onset of first symptoms and diagnosis of the acromegaly is 6-10 yr. Acromegaly causes typical changes of the face that might be recognized by face classification software. The objective of the study was to assess classification accuracy of acromegaly by face-classification software. This was a diagnostic study. ...
Alyeshmerni Daniel - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence, predisposing factors, and resolution of hydronephrosis among patients undergoing uterine artery embolization (UAE) for fibroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2004 to May 2008, 1,114 patients underwent UAE at an academic medical center. Hydronephrosis was found on angiographic images in 101 patients. In 34 of ...
Uchiyama Yumiko - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate the diagnostic accuracy of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy to diagnose Lewy body disease (LBD), including Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies, and to clarify the relationship between MIBG parameters and the clinical findings. METHODS: One hundred-and-forty-four patients with parkinsonism without ...
Torlak Gürkan - - 2011
Study Design. A prospective study of ultrasonographic evaluation (UE) results of the Risser sign (RS) in adolescents.Objectives. This study aims to assess the efficiency of UE of Risser sign, compare it with radiolographical evaluation, and investigate the intraexaminer and inter-examiner reliability of ultrasonographic evaluation.Summary and Background Data. The use of ...
Welch Kellen C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Total thyroidectomy for treatment of Graves' disease is controversial and much of the debate centers on the concern for complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morbidity of total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease and determine if it is different than for patients with nontoxic nodular goiter. ...
Roger Simon D - - 2011
No previous randomized controlled studies have been reported examining de novo, once every 4 weeks (Q4W) administration of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We report results from a randomized multinational study that compared continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (C.E.R.A.) Q4W with darbepoetin alfa once weekly (QW) or every ...
Abusham A A - - 2012
Several studies have reported that use of the Hartford nomogram in different patients' population was associated with low serum gentamicin concentrations (SGC) at different intervals or midpoints. This study was intended to determine the prevalence and predictors of SGC in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) as another population representing ...
Estner Heidi L - - 2011
Background: Catheter ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is a promising treatment strategy. We tested the hypothesis that CFAE ablation is superior to linear ablation in patients with persistent or long-standing persistent AF. Methods: In this study, 116 patients with persistent AF were randomly ...
Thoua Nora M - - 2011
Objectives. SSc is a connective tissue, multisystem disorder of unknown aetiology. The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is affected in up to 90% of patients. The exact pathophysiology of GIT involvement is not known, but it is related to both neurogenic and myogenic abnormalities as well as possible vascular and ischaemic changes. ...
Guo Ai-Min - - 2011
Aims and objective.  To determine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Functional Performance Inventory Short Form (FPI-SF-C) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Beijing, China. Background.  The Functional Performance Inventory Short Form (FPI-SF) is a 32-item instrument designed to measure self-reported functional performance of ...
Wang Jianhong - - 2011
Background/Aims: We investigated the clinical and cognitive features of patients with mild general paresis of the insane (GPI) in comparison to Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, mild frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients and normal elderly individuals. Methods: Twelve patients with mild GPI, 24 patients with mild AD, 11 patients with mild FTD ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2011
Data concerning the levels of metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 in uremia and dialysis are conflicting and incomplete. We measured the serum MMP levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD), and we tried to identify factors that could affect their levels. MMP-2 and the high ...
Nadashkevich Oleg - - 2011
The aim of this study was to translate and adapt the original English-language versions of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) into Ukrainian and validate the instruments by administering them to Ukrainian patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). After consensual translation, ...
Sezen Hatice - - 2011
The aim of our study is to determine the serum visfatin levels of patients with Behcet's disease and to investigate the relationship between visfatin, an adipokine released from adipose tissue, levels and activity of Behcet's disease. Fifty-eight patients with Behcet's disease were enrolled to the study. Nineteen of the patients ...
Kurien Matthew - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Bile acid malabsorption (BAM) has been reported as a possible cause of diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) type symptoms. We aimed to determine how commonly patients with D-IBS type symptoms had a diagnosis of BAM as demonstrated by a positive SeHCAT (75 Selenium-homocholic acid taurine) test (retention ...
Kaya Zeynettin - - 2011
CD40 ligand is a thromboinflammatory molecule that predicts cardiovascular events. Platelets constitute the major source of soluble CD40 ligands (sCD40L), which has been shown to influence platelet activation. The main aim of this study was to evaluate sCD40L levels in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Sixty-five PE patients (32 ...
Hattori Takaaki - - 2011
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) can develop mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI), frequently progressing to dementia (PDD). Here, we aimed to elucidate the relationship between white matter alteration and cognitive status in PD and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) by using diffusion tensor imaging. We also compared the progression patterns of ...
Lee Seung-Hun - - 2011
PURPOSE:: Structural characteristics of the pterygomaxillary region in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) have not been fully investigated. This study aimed to evaluate the regional anatomy of the pterygomaxillary junction of patients with CLP using computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: The pterygomaxillary structures of patients with unilateral or ...
Erturkler Enis - - 2011
Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic and recurrent systemic vasculitis marked by macrophage chemotaxis. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the osteopontin molecule and BD. The study registered 60 patients with BD, as well as 50 healthy individuals and 63 patients with psoriasis as the control group. ...
Rice Kathryn L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Because standard home oxygen systems deliver oxygen (O₂) at fixed rates, these systems are not designed to ensure optimal oxygen delivery in real-time based on physiologic need. We tested the ability of a portable, "closed-loop," oximetry-driven, oxygen-conserving device (OD) to maintain pulse oximetry (SpO₂) at the desired target of ...
Gode Sercan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the facial photogrammetric analysis results of the Turkish population who are pleased with their facial appearance with the facial analysis data of patients who underwent rhinoplasty in order to find the most prominent objective facial measurements that lead patients to surgical ...
Burgess Sonya N - - 2011
Aims This study examined the prior history of all patients presenting to the regional ambulance service with community cardiac arrest to determine what proportion of these patients had prior indications for implanted cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy. Methods and results We reviewed the medical history of all adult patients presenting to our ...
Kortekaas Kirsten A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic flow-charts for pulmonary embolism (PE) are widely implemented in the management of PE. A major drawback of a diagnostic PE algorithm is the use of several consecutive tests, which may be challenging in daily clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evaluation whether the use of an algorithm, starting with ...
Kirchner Gabriele I - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bolus impaction in the esophagus is a common indication for emergency endoscopy. The aim of this study was to determine the most common causes of esophageal bolus impaction. METHODS: In this retrospective study, data of 54 patients (41 male, 13 female) with bolus impaction in the esophagus were analyzed. ...
Zivadinov R - - 2011
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) was recently described in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A subject is considered CCSVI positive if ≥ 2 venous hemodynamic (VH) criteria are fulfilled. To determine prevalence of CCSVI in a large cohort of patients with MS, clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), other neurologic diseases (OND), ...
Damasceno Renato Wendell - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To investigate the clinicopathologic correlation between horizontal eyelid laxity and extracellular matrix components, such as collagen and elastic fibers, in involutional ectropion and entropion. Another goal was to compare the differences between involutional ectropion and entropion in regard to extracellular matrix content using computer-assisted morphometry. METHODS:: This clinicopathologic study ...
Pattyn Els - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps atrophy and in particular atrophy of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO) muscle have been frequently related with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), despite very little objective evidence. HYPOTHESIS: Patients with PFPS exhibit atrophy of the VMO in comparison with healthy controls. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. ...
Dundar Cihan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of echocardiographic "accretions" on intracardiac leads in patients with permanent pacemakers. METHODS: Two hundred eleven patients with permanent cardiac pacemakers implanted between 1988 and 2005 were called by telephone to participate in this study. The cohort ...
Nussinovitch Udi - - 2011
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary disease characterized by attacks of fever and polyserositis. Recent studies differ as to whether FMF is associated with an abnormally high P-wave duration and P-wave dispersion, markers for supraventricular arrhythmogenicity. The aim of our study was to further evaluate atrial dispersion in FMF ...
Rotar Melita - - 2011
AIMS: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a predictor of greater mortality and poor functional recovery; however published studies failed to evaluate lower urinary tract (LUT) function immediately after stroke. The aim of our study was to evaluate the course of LUT function in the first week after stroke, and its impact ...
Gurer Gulcan - - 2011
This study was performed to compare radiologic methods of Bath Ankylosing Spondilitis Radiology Index-spine (BASRI-s), Bath Ankylosing Spondilitis Radiology Index-total (BASRI-t), Stoke Ankylosing Spondilitis Spine Score (SASSS) and Modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondilitis Spine Score (M-SASSS) and to test their superiority over each other. Eighty-one patients (60 males, 21 females) with ...
Lauw Mandy N - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can be the first presenting symptom in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). Studies have demonstrated a high prevalence of the JAK2V617F mutation in patients with splanchnic vein thrombosis. Fewer studies have been done in patients with thrombosis outside the splanchnic area, showing a lower prevalence although the clinical relevance ...
Sachetto Zoraida - - 2011
The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics in patients diagnosed with Behçet's disease (BD) in Brazil. We performed a retrospective review of all the patients' records with BD diagnosed from 1988 to 2010 in the Rheumatology Department at the State University of Campinas (UNICAMP). ...
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