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Results 451 - 500 of 2024
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Seliger Stephen L SL Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2011
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are effective in ameliorating anemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD). A recent trial in diabetic patients with CKD, however, suggested a greater risk of stroke associated with full correction of anemia with ESAs. Using national Veterans Affairs data we performed a case-control study examining the association of ...
Komatsu Ryu - - 2011
Background: Tracheal intubation in the lateral position is difficult because the laryngeal view is compromised during direct laryngoscopy. The Airway Scope facilitates intubation even when laryngeal views are poor with direct laryngoscopy, as they often are in the lateral position. We thus compared the efficacy of the Airway Scope in ...
Abla Adib A - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:: To present a case of traumatic cortical and dural AVF after a BB gun accident. CLINICAL PRESENTATION:: The patient presented with a small left frontal subdural hematoma and small contusions in the left frontal lobe after he was shot with a BB. He had no skull fractures ...
Mathew Praveen - - 2011
Background and Aims: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is reported to be infrequent in Asians, with no data from India regarding the prevalence and risk factors for BE. We investigated the frequency and risk factors of columnar mucosa with or without specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM) in Indian patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease ...
Cerasa Antonio - - 2011
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias represent disabling complications from long-term therapy with dopaminergic drugs for treating Parkinson's disease (PD). Although several neuroimaging studies have reported altered striatofrontal function that contributes to the emergence of these motor complications, the neuroanatomical correlates of this disorder are still unknown. Optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was applied to ...
Maffei E - - 2011
PURPOSE: The authors sought to determine the prognostic value of computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) in patients with acute chest pain (ACP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 145 consecutive patients (75 men; 64±12 years) with ACP were referred from the Emergency Department for CTCA, which was performed with a ...
Rami Lorena - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We describe the neuroimaging characteristics of prodromal AD (PrdAD) patients diagnosed using the new research criteria in a clinical setting. In order to further characterize these patients, we also study the relationship between neuropsychology, CSF biomarkers and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. METHODS/PATIENTS: 76 participants-24 controls (CTR), 20 amnesic ...
Mandelli Giovanna - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The immunochemical fecal occult blood test (i-FOBT) is widely used as a recommended screening strategy for colorectal cancer (CRC). A growing number of patients potentially targeted by CRC screening programs are on oral anticoagulant or chronic low-dose aspirin therapy, mainly for primary or secondary cardiovascular prophylaxis. This ...
Masaki Yoshiyuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a diagnostic biomarker for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the clinical significance of measurements of NT-proBNP levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who have undergone drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation has not been fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited ...
Adler Douglas G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nurse-administered propofol sedation (NAPS) is now in widespread use. The safety profile of NAPS for routine endoscopic procedures in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unknown. AIMS: To compare outcomes of patients with and without OSA undergoing routine endoscopic procedures with NAPS and standard conscious sedation (CS) with ...
Hudzik Bartosz - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) remains one of the strongest predictors of long-term prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) often precedes clinically overt heart failure (HF) and is an area of extensive research nowadays. We studied the association between serum ...
Shen Yang - - 2011
Nasal polyposis (NP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the nasal cavity and sinuses that is regulated by T lymphocyte subsets. Imbalance of Th17/Treg has been considered critical in the development of inflammation and atopic reactions. To assess whether the balance of Th17/Treg is disrupted in patients with NP, we ...
Mangone Massimiliano - - 2011
Pelvis-shoulder coordination while walking may, as a consequence of changes in spinal structure and posture, be susceptible to modifications in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) sufferers. We designed an explanatory, cross-sectional trial to assess whether Pelvis-shoulder coordination during walking in AS patients differs from that in healthy subjects. Seventeen AS patients and ...
Niebudek-Bogusz Ewa - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the applicability of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in the screening diagnostics of voice dysfunction and in the evaluation of the level of handicap due to dysphonia. Patients andMethods: A total of 165 patients with voice disorders (vocal paresis, benign vocal ...
Fallahzadeh Mohammad Kazem - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Uremic pruritus (UP) is still a common tormenting symptom among patients on hemodialysis (HD). The pathogenesis of UP is complex and not fully clarified. Some preliminary studies indicate that UP is a systemic inflammatory disease with a deranged balance of T helper (TH) cell differentiation toward TH1 predominance. The ...
Grigolon Ausilia - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To get insight into usefulness of 96-h wireless monitoring in diagnosis of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and in patients' management. Material and methods. 51 patients who underwent 96-h wireless and 51 matched patients who underwent 24-h traditional pH monitoring were enrolled and retrospectively contacted with a structured telephone ...
Fujishima Yosuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that serum selenium levels are decreased in hemodialysis patients. Selenium deficiency may contribute to an increased risk for death among hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A population-based prospective cohort study in adult hemodialysis patients was conducted. A total of 1041 patients were enrolled. Patients were divided into ...
Jung Ki-Young - - 2011
BACKGROUNDS: It has been reported that patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may have cognitive deficit. The authors performed EEG and ERP analysis during daytime to identify electrophysiologic relations with cognitive dysfunction in unmedicated RLS patients. METHODS: Seventeen drug naive RLS patients (53.7±9.6years) and 13 age-matched healthy controls participated in ...
Gula Lorne J - - 2011
Does Adenosine Response Predict Clinical Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation. Background: Approximately 30% of patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) have clinical recurrence of AF, and a great majority of these patients have recovery of vein conduction. Adenosine can be associated with acute recovery of conduction to ...
Agosta F - - 2011
We investigated whether the functional connections to the primary sensorimotor cortex (SMC) at rest are abnormal in 26 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and whether such changes are related to the corticospinal tract (CST) damage, measured using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT MRI). ALS patients versus controls showed ...
Wang Yue-Hua - - 2011
Background: We hypothesized that the presence of tiny, enhancing foci ('spot sign') within acute hematomas is associated with hematoma expansion. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the effect of hematoma volume on accuracy of computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in predicting hematoma expansion in 312 patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The patients ...
Oktay Sehkar - - 2011
Serum total sialic acid (sTSA) has recently been shown to be a cardiovascular risk factor. However, there is little information about the role of sTSA and TSA in saliva in periodontitis, a chronic and inflammatory disease known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate ...
Savarino Edoardo - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Functional heartburn is defined by Rome III criteria as an endoscopy-negative condition with normal oesophageal acid exposure time, negative symptom association to acid reflux and unsatisfactory response to proton pump inhibitors. These criteria underestimated the role of non-acid reflux. AIM: To assess the contribution of impedance-pH with symptom association ...
Bajaj Nin P S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have compared the accuracy of spiral analysis in distinguishing essential tremor (ET) from PD. In this study, we have used this technique to distinguish cases of tremulous PD (TDPD) (N = 24) from tremulous parkinsonian subjects without evidence of dopaminergic deficit (N = 41). METHODS: All patients ...
Lazaridou E - - 2011
Background  The prevalence of ophthalmic involvement in rosacea is probably higher than previously presumed and varies considerably among several studies. Objective  This study aimed to determine the incidence of ocular disease among a population of rosacea patients in Northern Greece, to objectively determine the presence of eye dryness in rosacea ...
McCarthy C J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Delayed presentation of splenic trauma is a well described entity. METHOD: We report two patients who presented with splenic abnormality found incidentally on imaging for other medical problems. A remote history of splenic trauma was elicited during clinical evaluation; 18 months in one patient and 11 years in the second patient. ...
Olgun Hilal - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Frequent PVCs can cause cardiomyopathy. The mechanism is not known and may be multifactorial. This study assessed the role of PVC interpolation in PVC-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS:: In 51 consecutive patients (14 women, age: 49±15 years, ejection fraction (EF): 0.49±0.14) with frequent PVCs, 24-hour Holter recordings were performed. ...
Chiefari Eusebio E Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica G. Salvatore, Università di Catanzaro Magna Græcia, Viale Europa, Germaneto Catanzaro, 88100 - - 2011
High-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) protein is a key regulator of insulin receptor (INSR) gene expression. We previously identified a functional HMGA1 gene variant in 2 insulin-resistant patients with decreased INSR expression and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). To examine the association of HMGA1 gene variants with type 2 DM. Case-control ...
Nguyen Patricia K - - 2011
Prior studies demonstrating the prognostic value of echocardiographic measures of diastolic function have been limited by sample size, have included only select clinical populations, and have not incorporated newer measures of diastolic function nor determined their independent prognostic value. The objective of this study is to determine the independent prognostic ...
Heller Debra S - - 2011
Endometrial hyperplasia is a known risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer, particularly atypical hyperplasia, with a subsequent risk of up to 30%. Of the known risk factors for endometrial hyperplasia, obesity is the most preventable, but there is a paucity of data addressing the association. We tested the ...
Tan Xian-Xi - - 2011
Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and magnetic resonance angiography are the imaging modalities for the detection of intracranial arteriovenous malformations. However, these modalities are time consuming and cannot be used in emergency conditions. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) has also been shown to reliably detect vascular disorders such as cerebral arteriovenous malformations ...
Khilnani G C - - 2011
Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is a well established therapy for acute respiratory failure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, however its role in post-extubation period is uncertain. The objective of this study was to find the effect of NPPV on rate of re-intubation, intensive care unit and hospital ...
Federighi Pamela - - 2011
The cerebellum is implicated in maintaining the saccadic subsystem efficient for vision by minimizing movement inaccuracy and by learning from endpoint errors. This ability is often disrupted in degenerative cerebellar diseases, as demonstrated by saccade kinetic abnormalities. The study of saccades in these patients may therefore provide insights into the ...
Liu Jingzhe - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of MDCT in patients with APVC associated with complex cardiac abnormality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and imaging data of 39 patients with APVC confirmed by surgery were retrospectively reviewed. According to accompanied cardiac malformations, patients with APVC were classified as isolated and complex ...
Phelan P J - - 2011
Background: There is a paucity of data concerning the risks associated with warfarin in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We compared major bleeding episodes in this group with HD patients not receiving warfarin and with a cohort of non-HD patients receiving warfarin. Methods: A retrospective review of 141 HD patients on warfarin ...
Jalali Amir - - 2011
Hemiscorpius lepturus (H. lepturus), found in south-western areas of Iran and south of Iraq, is considered to be the most dangerous scorpion in the region, and poses a significant risk to the health of the indigenous population due to the unique, clinical manifestations associated with its sting.. In the present ...
Salman Saleh Mohammad Yaser - - 2011
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among dialysis patients, with a reported prevalence of 6-60%. The prevalence of RLS in Syrian patients on hemodialysis (HD) is not known. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of RLS in patients on regular HD, and to find the possible ...
Venturini James - - 2011
We investigated the in vitro and skin lesions production of cytokines in non-treated borderline tuberculoid (BT) and borderline lepromatous (BL) patients. Seven untreated, non-reactional BT patients and 12 untreated, non-reactional BL patients were studied. Levels of the cytokines IFN-gamma, IL-10, TGF-beta1 and TNF-alpha were measured in supernantant of peripheral blood ...
Steppich B A - - 2011
Circulating tissue factor (TF) is associated with inflammation and may contribute to thrombotic events. Aim of this study was to analyze circulating TF activity and proinflammatory cytokines in patients with deep venous thrombosis. Forty-eight patients with deep vein thrombosis and 45 control subjects were included. Venous blood samples were obtained ...
Di Pace Maria Rita - - 2011
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and dysmotility are frequent in patients treated for esophageal atresia (EA). This aim of this study is to evaluate GER and dysmotility in young EA patients using pH-multichannel intraluminal impedance (pH-MII). Fifteen patients with a mean age of 7.5 years (group 1) have been studied and compared ...
Pallix-Guyot M - - 2011
Pallix-Guyot M, Guennoc A-M, Blasco H, de Toffol B, Corcia P, Praline J. Predictive value of motor evoked potentials in clinically isolated syndrome. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2011.01498.x. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives -  To assess the predictive role of several measures obtained by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) ...
Rechardt Martti - - 2011
Previous studies suggest a role for IL-1β in the pathophysiology of upper extremity soft tissue disorders (UESTDs). We studied the levels of interleukin-1 family members in patients with incipient UESTDs and compared them with healthy controls. In this case control study, we included 163 patients with UESTDs and symptom duration ...
Lai Kuan-Lin - - 2011
Objective: An abnormal central nervous system excitability level was found in patients with migraine. Whether it is hyper- or hypo-excitable is still debated. This study aimed to compare the somatosensory high-frequency oscillations (HFOs), which reflected subcortical excitability (early phase) and intracortical inhibition (late phase), between patients with migraine and control ...
Tandeter Howard - - 2011
Nocturia is a common symptom of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) that is generally attributed to a urologic pathology. This study assessed whether nocturia severity in BPE patients may be related to an underlying sleep disorder. Cross-sectional study based in urban community primary care clinics. Study population included men aged 55 ...
Crisan Sorin - - 2011
Some patients may have deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and superficial thrombophlebitis (ST) of the lower limbs at the same time. To analyze the frequency of risk factors for thrombosis (RF), other than thrombophilias, in patients with concomitant DVT and ST. Clinical examination, plasma D-dimers and duplex ultrasonography were performed in ...
Cupisti A - - 2011
Background and aim: Assessment of physical activity level and of energy expenditure is important in the clinical and nutritional care of dialysis patients, but it is not so easy to accomplish. The SenseWear™ Armband (SWA) is a novel multisensory device that is worn on the upper arm and collects a ...
Bierer Stefan - - 2011
A number of new agents have been approved for systemic therapy of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) recently. Thereby, prognostic factors may aid in predicting the effectiveness of various treatment modalities in individual cases. Aim of this study was to determine the value of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II ...
Shojaku Hideo - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion: The Meniett device is a minimally invasive and safe treatment that may be used to provide longer-term reduction of vestibular symptoms in patients with delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH) as well as those with Meniere's disease (MD). Objective: The effects of the Meniett device were evaluated in patients with ...
Yamasaki Takeshi - - 2011
Aim:  It has been well described that large residual urine volumes (≥300 mL) affect renal function in advanced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, it is not clear whether small residual urine volumes (<100 mL) are related to renal function. The present study was performed to examine the association between chronic kidney disease ...
Ahn Suk-Won - - 2011
Background: Assessment of frontal lobe impairment in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a matter of great importance, since it often causes ALS patients to decrease medication and nursing compliance, thus shortening their survival time. Methods: The frontal assessment battery (FAB) is a short and rapid method for assessing frontal executive ...
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