Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2026
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Han Ji-Guang - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe the clinicopathological features and prognosis of young patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 1478 consecutive patients aged ≤50 years with first diagnosis of invasive breast cancer referred to surgery from January 1999 to March 2005. A total of ...
Ardehali Mojtaba Mohammadi - - 2011
It seems apparently that the 2 separate anatomical areas (nasal cavity and paranasal sinus mucosa) are indeed one single unit with an identical behavior during inflammatory process. Similar histopathologic evidence in long-term condition could emphasize on the concept of rhinosinusitis in patients with inflammatory paranasal sinus disease. Prospective study was ...
Tisserand M - - 2011
Uncertainties about the frequency and the associated bleeding risk of recent silent ischemia (RSI), incidentally found on pretreatment MRI, in candidates for thrombolysis require clarification because exclusion from therapy is a serious consequence for patients with such MRI findings. We retrospectively analyzed the fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR)/diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) obtained ...
Abla Adib A - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE:: To present a case of traumatic cortical and dural AVF after a BB gun accident. CLINICAL PRESENTATION:: The patient presented with a small left frontal subdural hematoma and small contusions in the left frontal lobe after he was shot with a BB. He had no skull fractures ...
Komatsu Ryu - - 2011
Background: Tracheal intubation in the lateral position is difficult because the laryngeal view is compromised during direct laryngoscopy. The Airway Scope facilitates intubation even when laryngeal views are poor with direct laryngoscopy, as they often are in the lateral position. We thus compared the efficacy of the Airway Scope in ...
Mathew Praveen - - 2011
Background and Aims: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is reported to be infrequent in Asians, with no data from India regarding the prevalence and risk factors for BE. We investigated the frequency and risk factors of columnar mucosa with or without specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM) in Indian patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease ...
Mandelli Giovanna - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The immunochemical fecal occult blood test (i-FOBT) is widely used as a recommended screening strategy for colorectal cancer (CRC). A growing number of patients potentially targeted by CRC screening programs are on oral anticoagulant or chronic low-dose aspirin therapy, mainly for primary or secondary cardiovascular prophylaxis. This ...
Maffei E - - 2011
PURPOSE: The authors sought to determine the prognostic value of computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) in patients with acute chest pain (ACP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 145 consecutive patients (75 men; 64±12 years) with ACP were referred from the Emergency Department for CTCA, which was performed with a ...
Cerasa Antonio - - 2011
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias represent disabling complications from long-term therapy with dopaminergic drugs for treating Parkinson's disease (PD). Although several neuroimaging studies have reported altered striatofrontal function that contributes to the emergence of these motor complications, the neuroanatomical correlates of this disorder are still unknown. Optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was applied to ...
Rami Lorena - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We describe the neuroimaging characteristics of prodromal AD (PrdAD) patients diagnosed using the new research criteria in a clinical setting. In order to further characterize these patients, we also study the relationship between neuropsychology, CSF biomarkers and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. METHODS/PATIENTS: 76 participants-24 controls (CTR), 20 amnesic ...
Masaki Yoshiyuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a diagnostic biomarker for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, the clinical significance of measurements of NT-proBNP levels in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who have undergone drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation has not been fully elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited ...
Adler Douglas G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Nurse-administered propofol sedation (NAPS) is now in widespread use. The safety profile of NAPS for routine endoscopic procedures in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unknown. AIMS: To compare outcomes of patients with and without OSA undergoing routine endoscopic procedures with NAPS and standard conscious sedation (CS) with ...
Hudzik Bartosz - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) remains one of the strongest predictors of long-term prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) often precedes clinically overt heart failure (HF) and is an area of extensive research nowadays. We studied the association between serum ...
Shen Yang - - 2011
Nasal polyposis (NP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the nasal cavity and sinuses that is regulated by T lymphocyte subsets. Imbalance of Th17/Treg has been considered critical in the development of inflammation and atopic reactions. To assess whether the balance of Th17/Treg is disrupted in patients with NP, we ...
Fallahzadeh Mohammad Kazem - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Uremic pruritus (UP) is still a common tormenting symptom among patients on hemodialysis (HD). The pathogenesis of UP is complex and not fully clarified. Some preliminary studies indicate that UP is a systemic inflammatory disease with a deranged balance of T helper (TH) cell differentiation toward TH1 predominance. The ...
Grigolon Ausilia - - 2011
Abstract Objective. To get insight into usefulness of 96-h wireless monitoring in diagnosis of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) and in patients' management. Material and methods. 51 patients who underwent 96-h wireless and 51 matched patients who underwent 24-h traditional pH monitoring were enrolled and retrospectively contacted with a structured telephone ...
Niebudek-Bogusz Ewa - - 2011
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the applicability of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) in the screening diagnostics of voice dysfunction and in the evaluation of the level of handicap due to dysphonia. Patients andMethods: A total of 165 patients with voice disorders (vocal paresis, benign vocal ...
Gula Lorne J - - 2011
Does Adenosine Response Predict Clinical Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation. Background: Approximately 30% of patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF) have clinical recurrence of AF, and a great majority of these patients have recovery of vein conduction. Adenosine can be associated with acute recovery of conduction to ...
Mangone Massimiliano - - 2011
Pelvis-shoulder coordination while walking may, as a consequence of changes in spinal structure and posture, be susceptible to modifications in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) sufferers. We designed an explanatory, cross-sectional trial to assess whether Pelvis-shoulder coordination during walking in AS patients differs from that in healthy subjects. Seventeen AS patients and ...
Fujishima Yosuke - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that serum selenium levels are decreased in hemodialysis patients. Selenium deficiency may contribute to an increased risk for death among hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A population-based prospective cohort study in adult hemodialysis patients was conducted. A total of 1041 patients were enrolled. Patients were divided into ...
Jung Ki-Young - - 2011
BACKGROUNDS: It has been reported that patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) may have cognitive deficit. The authors performed EEG and ERP analysis during daytime to identify electrophysiologic relations with cognitive dysfunction in unmedicated RLS patients. METHODS: Seventeen drug naive RLS patients (53.7±9.6years) and 13 age-matched healthy controls participated in ...
Savarino Edoardo - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Functional heartburn is defined by Rome III criteria as an endoscopy-negative condition with normal oesophageal acid exposure time, negative symptom association to acid reflux and unsatisfactory response to proton pump inhibitors. These criteria underestimated the role of non-acid reflux. AIM: To assess the contribution of impedance-pH with symptom association ...
Chiefari Eusebio E Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale e Clinica G. Salvatore, Università di Catanzaro Magna Græcia, Viale Europa, Germaneto Catanzaro, 88100 - - 2011
High-mobility group A1 (HMGA1) protein is a key regulator of insulin receptor (INSR) gene expression. We previously identified a functional HMGA1 gene variant in 2 insulin-resistant patients with decreased INSR expression and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). To examine the association of HMGA1 gene variants with type 2 DM. Case-control ...
Bajaj Nin P S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have compared the accuracy of spiral analysis in distinguishing essential tremor (ET) from PD. In this study, we have used this technique to distinguish cases of tremulous PD (TDPD) (N = 24) from tremulous parkinsonian subjects without evidence of dopaminergic deficit (N = 41). METHODS: All patients ...
Lazaridou E - - 2011
Background  The prevalence of ophthalmic involvement in rosacea is probably higher than previously presumed and varies considerably among several studies. Objective  This study aimed to determine the incidence of ocular disease among a population of rosacea patients in Northern Greece, to objectively determine the presence of eye dryness in rosacea ...
Wang Yue-Hua - - 2011
Background: We hypothesized that the presence of tiny, enhancing foci ('spot sign') within acute hematomas is associated with hematoma expansion. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the effect of hematoma volume on accuracy of computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in predicting hematoma expansion in 312 patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The patients ...
Olgun Hilal - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Frequent PVCs can cause cardiomyopathy. The mechanism is not known and may be multifactorial. This study assessed the role of PVC interpolation in PVC-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS:: In 51 consecutive patients (14 women, age: 49±15 years, ejection fraction (EF): 0.49±0.14) with frequent PVCs, 24-hour Holter recordings were performed. ...
Agosta F - - 2011
We investigated whether the functional connections to the primary sensorimotor cortex (SMC) at rest are abnormal in 26 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and whether such changes are related to the corticospinal tract (CST) damage, measured using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT MRI). ALS patients versus controls showed ...
McCarthy C J - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Delayed presentation of splenic trauma is a well described entity. METHOD: We report two patients who presented with splenic abnormality found incidentally on imaging for other medical problems. A remote history of splenic trauma was elicited during clinical evaluation; 18 months in one patient and 11 years in the second patient. ...
Oktay Sehkar - - 2011
Serum total sialic acid (sTSA) has recently been shown to be a cardiovascular risk factor. However, there is little information about the role of sTSA and TSA in saliva in periodontitis, a chronic and inflammatory disease known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to investigate ...
Federighi Pamela - - 2011
The cerebellum is implicated in maintaining the saccadic subsystem efficient for vision by minimizing movement inaccuracy and by learning from endpoint errors. This ability is often disrupted in degenerative cerebellar diseases, as demonstrated by saccade kinetic abnormalities. The study of saccades in these patients may therefore provide insights into the ...
Liu Jingzhe - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of MDCT in patients with APVC associated with complex cardiac abnormality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical and imaging data of 39 patients with APVC confirmed by surgery were retrospectively reviewed. According to accompanied cardiac malformations, patients with APVC were classified as isolated and complex ...
Kim Seung-Hyun - - 2011
Background: Motor deficits associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) have been well described, yet little attention has been paid to non-motor symptoms, especially cortical visual dysfunction. We investigated stereopsis, as well as the relationship between stereopsis and other cognitive function, in a sample of PD patients. Methods: We used Titmus stereotest ...
Kong Xiao-Dong - - 2011
Endothelial dysfunction is thought to be critical events in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have provided insight into maintaining and repairing endothelial function. To study the relation between EPCs and AD, we explored the number of circulating EPCs in patients with AD. A total of ...
Jalali Amir - - 2011
Hemiscorpius lepturus (H. lepturus), found in south-western areas of Iran and south of Iraq, is considered to be the most dangerous scorpion in the region, and poses a significant risk to the health of the indigenous population due to the unique, clinical manifestations associated with its sting.. In the present ...
Salman Saleh Mohammad Yaser - - 2011
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among dialysis patients, with a reported prevalence of 6-60%. The prevalence of RLS in Syrian patients on hemodialysis (HD) is not known. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of RLS in patients on regular HD, and to find the possible ...
Khilnani G C - - 2011
Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) is a well established therapy for acute respiratory failure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, however its role in post-extubation period is uncertain. The objective of this study was to find the effect of NPPV on rate of re-intubation, intensive care unit and hospital ...
Stojanovic Larisa - - 2011
Lichen planus (LP) is a common mucocutaneous disease of unknown aetiology with various geographical prevalence, may be related to some serious disorders such as squamous cell carcinoma and often remains underdiagnosed. The aim of this retrospective study was to thoroughly determine localization and clinical characteristics of LP lesions in a ...
Tandeter Howard - - 2011
Nocturia is a common symptom of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) that is generally attributed to a urologic pathology. This study assessed whether nocturia severity in BPE patients may be related to an underlying sleep disorder. Cross-sectional study based in urban community primary care clinics. Study population included men aged 55 ...
Crisan Sorin - - 2011
Some patients may have deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and superficial thrombophlebitis (ST) of the lower limbs at the same time. To analyze the frequency of risk factors for thrombosis (RF), other than thrombophilias, in patients with concomitant DVT and ST. Clinical examination, plasma D-dimers and duplex ultrasonography were performed in ...
Cohen Michael S - - 2011
To review our experience with vocal fold injection medialization in children. Retrospective case series. Tertiary care academic children's hospital. All pediatric patients at our institution who underwent injection laryngoplasty for vocal fold medialization from 2003 to 2009. Age, sex, indication for injection, injection material, surgical and anesthetic technique, outcomes including ...
Venturini James - - 2011
We investigated the in vitro and skin lesions production of cytokines in non-treated borderline tuberculoid (BT) and borderline lepromatous (BL) patients. Seven untreated, non-reactional BT patients and 12 untreated, non-reactional BL patients were studied. Levels of the cytokines IFN-gamma, IL-10, TGF-beta1 and TNF-alpha were measured in supernantant of peripheral blood ...
Kong Xiangjuan X The Institute of Mental Health, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, P R - - 2011
Abnormalities in the corpus callosum have long been implicated in schizophrenia. Previous diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies in patients with different durations of schizophrenia yielded inconsistent results. By comparing patients with different durations of schizophrenia, we investigated if white matter abnormalities of the corpus callosum emerge at an early stage ...
Phelan P J - - 2011
Background: There is a paucity of data concerning the risks associated with warfarin in hemodialysis (HD) patients. We compared major bleeding episodes in this group with HD patients not receiving warfarin and with a cohort of non-HD patients receiving warfarin. Methods: A retrospective review of 141 HD patients on warfarin ...
Zutt Markus - - 2011
Chronic venous leg ulcers are common and cause considerable burden of disease for affected patients with significant costs for health care systems worldwide. The complex pathophysiology of chronic venous leg ulcers is still not entirely understood. In addition, reliable pathogenic and/or prognostic parameters are not known. Published data suggest that ...
Richards Melanie L ML Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2011
A minimally invasive approach to primary hyperparathyroidism is equivalent to bilateral exploration when intraoperative parathyroid hormone (IOPTH) monitoring is used. The optimal strategy for the monitoring has been debated. There exists an optimal strategy for IOPTH monitoring. Retrospective study. Tertiary referral hospital. A total of 1882 patients underwent parathyroidectomy for ...
Wang Michael Y - - 2011
Object Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is a disorder afflicting as many as 2% of East Asians. However, reports of OPLL in non-Asians have been sporadic in the medical literature. This study describes clinical and radiographic findings with OPLL in non-Asians at a tertiary care center treating a ...
Di Pace Maria Rita - - 2011
Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and dysmotility are frequent in patients treated for esophageal atresia (EA). This aim of this study is to evaluate GER and dysmotility in young EA patients using pH-multichannel intraluminal impedance (pH-MII). Fifteen patients with a mean age of 7.5 years (group 1) have been studied and compared ...
Steppich B A - - 2011
Circulating tissue factor (TF) is associated with inflammation and may contribute to thrombotic events. Aim of this study was to analyze circulating TF activity and proinflammatory cytokines in patients with deep venous thrombosis. Forty-eight patients with deep vein thrombosis and 45 control subjects were included. Venous blood samples were obtained ...
Miyagawa Taku - - 2011
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, and REM sleep abnormalities. A genome-wide association study identified a novel narcolepsy-related single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs5770917, which is located adjacent to CPT1B (carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1B). In this study, we analyzed the CPT1B expression level and measured the carnitine ...
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