Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1527
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Manfredini Daniele - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare findings from ultrasonography (US) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and temporomandibular disorders (TMD). STUDY DESIGN: US assessment of the temporomandibular joints was bilaterally performed in 68 patients (22 with RA, 11 with ...
Smith Adam M - - 2005
Currently, there is little information regarding treatment of shoulder sepsis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. This study examines the prognosis and outcome after operative treatment of native shoulder infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Seventeen patients were retrospectively reviewed (20 shoulders) after surgical intervention for shoulder sepsis between 1982 and ...
Younger Alastair S - - 2005
The accurate measurement of flatfoot on standing radiographs allows correct diagnosis of the condition and evaluation of reconstructive procedures. The standing radiographic measurements of patients with symptomatic, adult flatfoot were compared to controls using blinded observers. On the lateral radiograph, the talar-to-first metatarsal angle, the calcaneal pitch angle, and the ...
Ho Cheng-Wen - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study comparing normal subjects and patients with lumbar disc herniation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trunk and knee muscle strength in patients with L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 disc herniation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Numerous studies have shown that patients with low back pain have weaker trunk muscles. The strength of ...
Mistry Dinshaw - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve is a known cause of morbidity following knee surgery. The incidence of sensory changes following total knee arthroplasty, and its effect on patient satisfaction with arthroplasty surgery remain undocumented. Our aim was to document the incidence of infrapatellar nerve palsy following total ...
Wandler Eric - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the degree and pattern of (18)F-FDG uptake within the shoulder as a potential marker of joint inflammation or injury. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients undergoing (18)F-FDG PET for clinical oncologic assessment completed questionnaires regarding history of shoulder disease, trauma, pain, and/or functional impairment. Thorough ...
Kampa R J - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: SLAP (superior labrum anterior and posterior) lesions are a recognised cause of shoulder pain and instability. They can occur following a direct blow, biceps traction and compression injuries, and are commonly seen in overhead athletes. Military personnel are physically active and often subjected to trauma. We assessed the incidence ...
Misamore Gary W - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients with multidirectional instability of the shoulder initially treated with rehabilitation exercises. Sixty-four patients were treated for atraumatic multidirectional instability of the shoulder between 1987 and 1990. Preliminary evaluation was performed 2 years after initiation of treatment, and ...
Wong Kirk L - - 2005
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the results of a relatively homogenous group of patients with glenohumeral subluxation without labral pathology who were treated with an electrothermal capsulorrhaphy procedure. TYPE OF STUDY: Case series without controls. METHODS: From 1997 to 1998, 42 patients underwent electrothermal capsulorrhaphy using ...
Bragonzoni Laura - - 2005
Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) under stress conditions was used to investigate possible stress-inducible displacement of the tibial component of unicompartmental knee prostheses (UKR) in which the stability was previously assessed by radiographic evaluation and standard supine RSA examinations. Sixteen patients, implanted with Duracon UNI(R) prosthesis, were selected for this study. ...
Smith Adam M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is very little information available regarding the results of rotator cuff repair in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, we reviewed our experience to determine the results, the risk factors for an unsatisfactory outcome, and the rates of failure of this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records ...
Ozçelik Abdurrahman - - 2005
AIM: On the suspected carpal instabilities stress views are recommended but not often used. The present study evaluates the reliability of the dorsal and volar stress radiographs on patients with posttraumatic wrist pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Stress radiographs of the wrists were examined in 22 patients with chronic wrist pain ...
Gisserot Olivier - - 2006
Amyloid arthropathy occurs chiefly as a manifestation of beta(2) microglobulin amyloidosis in patients receiving chronic hemodialysis. AL amyloidosis complicating multiple myeloma is a less common cause. Amyloid arthropathy is exceedingly rare in patients with Waldenström macroglobulinemia. We report a case characterized by lymphoplasmocytoid malignancy with monoclonal IgM production and amyloid ...
Park Youn-Soo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty with use of metal-on-metal bearings has been reintroduced as an alternative to the use of metal-on-polyethylene bearings because of theoretical advantages such as reduced wear and a lower prevalence of osteolysis. However, we observed early osteolysis in a cohort of patients who had been managed with ...
Milosavljevic J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of high-resolution and power Doppler sonography in detecting joint and tendon abnormalities in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) of the hands and wrists compared with clinical and radiological findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with psoriatic arthritis of the hands and wrists and 10 healthy ...
Michet C J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the natural history of hip joint disease in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and identify clinical risk factors for its early identification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 504 patients with PsA according to ESSG criteria were studied. Mean follow up was 5.7 years (range <1-45). Mean age at onset of psoriasis ...
Barrios Carlos - - 2005
Different anatomic parameters were measured on radiographs of the healthy hip of 47 patients with unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Data were compared with those from 36 hips of 23 healthy adolescents matched in age, weight, and stature. During 5 years of follow-up, eight patients with unilateral SCFE developed ...
Jeon Young-Du - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the upper respiratory infection (URI) as an aggravating factor in the established temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four hundred seventeen patients suffering from temporomandibular disorder (TMD) were selected and investigated by means of questionnaires and clinical examinations. After excluding ...
Shon Won Yong - - 2005
Impingement can damage the acetabular liner, create polyethylene wear, and cause dislocation. We determined the prevalence of impingement, its relation with dislocation, and the influence of patient, surgical, and design factors in 162 components randomly selected from a larger group retrieved between 1990 and 1999. Impingement arc, severity, and wear ...
Chen Yunn-Jy - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Acquired anterior open bites were reported as the consequence of condylar collapse, which was associated with inflammatory TMJ disorders. However, we have seen such malocclusion patients whose condylar changes seemed to be related to TMJ degeneration associated with internal derangement. The aims of this study were to review the ...
Eriksrud Ola - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The ability to attain standing without assistance is important to independent functioning. The objectives of this study, therefore, were to: (1) determine the effectiveness of the Easy-Up Handle for enabling otherwise dependent patients to attain standing from an armless chair and (2) establish whether knee extension force played a ...
Jeong Gerard K - - 2005
Advances in medical treatment have led to improved life expectancy in patients with sickle cell hemoglobinopathies. Improved life expectancy has, in turn, led to an increasing number of patients with osteonecrosis requiring total hip arthroplasty. Patient evaluation begins with understanding the extent of the disease process and the patient's musculoskeletal ...
Kambylafkas Panagiotis - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between unilateral degenerative joint disease (UDJD) and lower facial asymmetry. Twenty symptomatic patients and 20 asymptomatic volunteers were studied. Posteroanterior radiographs and bilateral mandibular laminographs were used to evaluate lower face and mandibular asymmetry. The two-way analysis of variance test ...
Pfirrmann Christian W A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of abductor tendons and muscles in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients after lateral transgluteal total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study, and all patients provided informed consent. Two musculoskeletal radiologists blinded to clinical information analyzed ...
LeBrun Christopher T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Variations in ankle mortise anatomy may be a predisposing factor to ankle instability. HYPOTHESIS: A posteriorly positioned fibula associated with ankle instability may not be a true pathologic entity but rather the result of measuring off an internally rotated talus. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2. ...
Saari Tuuli - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Previous radiostereometric studies have revealed abnormal anterior-posterior translation of the femur in patients operated with AMK (DePuy, Johnson and Johnson, Leeds, UK) total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Based on these observations, we hypothesized that patients with TKA have an abnormal gait pattern, and that there are differences in kinematics depending ...
Broussard Jack S JS - - 2005
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction is often believed to bea young person's malady. However, geriatric patients also present with clinical findings of TMJ clicking, locking, crepitation, limited opening, and pain. With our aging population and the high prevalence of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases in the elderly, it is important to understand ...
Gómez Claudia Lamas - - 2005
From 1995 to 2000, 21 patients (14 women and 7 men) with a mean age of 42 were treated with excision of the pisiform for a dysfunction of the pisotriquetral joint. Follow-up ranged from 6 to 36 months (average: 30 months). The diagnoses included degenerative arthritis of the pisotriquetral joint ...
ten Ham Arno M - - 2005
In revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA), control of the patellar height and the joint line is difficult. Therefore, we developed an adjustable flexion-extension spacer, the Knee Joint-line Balancer (KJB(R)). This device simulates femur component sizes, polyethylene sizes, the joint-line level, and distal femur wedges. The goal of this study is ...
Ozekmekçi Sibel - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We have observed mild bradykinesia in essential tremor (ET) patients, which do not satisfy the criteria of Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To compare the mean movement time for repetitive movements around distal and proximal joints in ET patients with normal controls by using a simple test paradigm. PATIENTS AND ...
Fialka Christian - - 2005
The Constant-Murley shoulder assessment score has proven to be a valuable diagnostic instrument. Thus, in the literature it has been mentioned that the clinical accuracy of this score varies especially when comparing patients in larger, inhomogeneous patient groups. The "relative Constant score" (CS(rel)) tries to minimize these problems by using ...
- - 2005
It is the position of the AANEM that, based on the literature, there are no contraindications to needle electromyography (EMG) in patients with lymphedema or prosthetic joints. In patients with lymphedema, clinical judgment in each individual circumstance should be used in deciding whether the risk of complication is greater than ...
Naredo E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical assessment of overall inflammatory activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with grey scale and power Doppler (PD) ultrasonography (US). METHODS: Ninety four consecutive patients with RA were included. Demographic and clinical data, C reactive protein (CRP) level, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) were recorded ...
Rossi Costantino - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammatory tendon diseases in athletes are frequent, and they often result from modifications in normal kinematics of a tendon associated with a patient's anatomical determinants. De Quervain stenosing tenosynovitis is an inflammatory disease of tendons of the first dorsal compartment of the wrist. There is no literature about ...
Portland Gregory H - - 2005
PURPOSE: Damage to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve (IPBSN) has been described for knee arthrotomy and arthroscopy. The true incidence of damage to this structure during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has not been reported. Furthermore, the traditional vertical incision for central patellar tendon harvesting runs perpendicular to ...
Kutsumi Keiji - - 2005
PURPOSE: While the etiology of de Quervain's disease is unknown, repetitive motion coupled with awkward wrist position and septation within the first dorsal compartment are considered causative factors. We hypothesize that these conditions might produce high gliding resistance, which could then induce micro-damage of the tendons and retinaculum. The purpose ...
Goldfarb C A - - 2005
The purpose of this investigation was to assess the utility of trial wrist pinning as an assessment tool prior to wrist arthrodesis in the paediatric patient. Ten paediatric patients who were unable to decide if a wrist arthrodesis would be beneficial to them underwent a trial wrist pinning (using temporary ...
Yoon Ho Sung - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to assess the ultrasonographic (US) findings in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) with pes anserinus tendinitis or bursitis (PATB) syndrome and to determine the correlation between the US findings and the response to local corticosteroid injection. We prospectively studied 26 patients with knee OA ...
Yang Chao-Pin - - 2005
Clinical and radiologic asymmetric arthritic differences between paralyzed and nonparalyzed limbs of stroke patients have been reported. Arthritic pathology aggravates motor dysfunction and compromises rehabilitation. Musculoskeletal ultrasonography plays an important role in showing soft tissue and the articular cartilage of the knee. Fifty-nine patients with either ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke-induced ...
Meskers Carel G M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the assumption that shoulder kinematic patterns of the ipsilateral, nonparetic shoulder in hemiplegia are similar to kinematics recorded in a healthy population. DESIGN: Case control study of a convenience sample of ten patients with hemiplegia due to stroke in the subacute phase compared with a control group ...
Hegeman J H - - 2005
Unstable intra-articular distal radial fractures in women older than 55 years were treated by closed reduction and external fixation to achieve the best functional outcome. Sixteen women had radiographic and functional assessment. Despite initial good alignment secondary displacement occurred in 11 patients, probably due to the comminution of the fracture ...
Hwang S - - 2005
In this study, a multi-segment foot motion analysis on hallux valgus patients were performed using the 9-segment foot model and then compared with the results from normal subjects. Results showed that there were no significant differences in hindfoot motions between normal subjects and HV patients. However, noted in HV patients ...
Gupta Rajan T - - 2005
Historically, trunk movement has been thought to be reactionary to lower body motions. The excessive trunk movement in patients with myelomeningocele may be a primary mechanism during ambulation. The purpose of this study was to quantify three-dimensional trunk movement in patients with myelomeningocele. Patients walked with ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs), both ...
Pohl Marcus - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the reliability of a new shoulder joint range of motion (ROM) measurement for unconscious patients and to assess the prevalence of shoulder joint contractures in such patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort survey. SETTING: An early rehabilitation center for adult persons with neurologic disorders. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty patients with impaired ...
Kajii Takashi S - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the presence of endogenous beta-endorphin, an opioid, in the synovial lavage fluid of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to compare the concentration of 3-endorphin in patients with closed lock with that in symptom-free subjects. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (38 joints) with closed lock diagnosed on the basis of ...
Loew Markus - - 2005
The aim of this study was to find intraarticular lesions after manipulation under general anesthesia in patients with primary frozen shoulder. In a prospective trial conducted between 2001 and 2003 in 30 patients with primary frozen shoulder, the affected shoulders were manipulated while the patients were under general anesthetia. Exclusion ...
Berger Christian E - - 2005
We compared type I collagen degradation using serum cross-linking C-terminal telopeptide (ICTP) in 18 patients with rapidly destructive osteoarthrosis and in 20 patients with slowly progressive osteoarthrosis of the hip. The diagnosis was established by clinical examination and radiographic evaluation. Total hip arthroplasty was performed in all patients. Serum levels ...
Fuchs S - - 2005
The aim of the present study was the evaluation of differences in clinical results, proprioceptive performance and gait in patients with unicondylar and bicondylar sledge prostheses of the knee. In a retrospective study, 17 patients with unicondylar sledge prostheses were compared with 15 patients with bicondylar sledge prostheses. Clinical examination ...
Jaarsma R L - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Even though rotational malalignment due to a femoral shaft fracture leads to clinical complaints, a large number of patients may have none of significance. The ability to compensate may play a role. The purpose of this study is to give insight into aspects of compensatory gait of patients with ...
Bozkurt Murat - - 2004
Twenty-one patients (23 feet) treated nonsurgically for severely comminuted intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus were evaluated prospectively with a clinical scoring scale and computerized gait analysis. All patients had Sanders type III and type IV fractures. The treatment protocol consisted of no closed reduction, immobilization in removable splint, physiotherapy after ...
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