Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1528
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Yamaguchi Ken - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Very little comparative information is available regarding the demographic and morphological characteristics of asymptomatic and symptomatic rotator cuff tears. This information is important to provide insight into the natural history of rotator cuff disease and to identify which factors may be important in the development of pain. The purpose ...
Brandon Mark L - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether an increased posterior-inferior tibial slope (PITS) is associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture and whether an increased PITS results in worse pivot-shift grades in ACL-insufficient patients. This study also examined the difference in PITS between men and women. METHODS: ...
Schoellnast Helmut - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to define typical MRI findings of the wrist and the hand in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen PsA and 21 RA patients with arthralgia of the wrist or hand joints underwent gadolinium-enhanced MRI of the wrist and hand. ...
Ouédraogo Dieu-Donné - - 2007
Cervical spine involvement is common but usually delayed in patients with psoriatic arthritis. We report two cases with early and predominant involvement of the upper cervical spine. Synovitis of the atlanto-odontoid joint and fusion of multiple facet joints were noted in one patient. In the other patient, the main finding ...
Granchi Donatella - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the balance between receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and its decoy-receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG) in local tissue seems to play a crucial role in the loosening of the total hip replacement. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the circulating levels ...
Micheli Lyle J - - 2006
PURPOSE: Procedures aimed at biologically repairing cartilage injuries may have the greatest potential benefit in young patients because of their long-life expectancy and high-functional demands. Most cartilage-repair studies focus on older patient populations. This study assesses the outcomes of patients who were treated with autologous chondrocyte implantation before the age ...
Manner H M - - 2006
The knee has various pathologic appearances in patients with congenital longitudinal deformities of the lower extremities. Radiographs from 39 patients with unilateral longitudinal congenital deficiencies of the lower extremities were analyzed to describe epiphyseal and metaphyseal configurations and position of the epiphyseal plate. We defined 22 radiographic parameters of the ...
Thomeé P - - 2007
Self-efficacy belief may be of major importance for the outcome of rehabilitation after sports-related injuries. A new instrument, the Knee Self-Efficacy Scale (K-SES), was used to evaluate the role of perceived self-efficacy in patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The purpose of this prospective exploratory study was to ...
Selvaag Anne M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe radiographic findings at disease onset and 3-year followup in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and juvenile spondyloarthropathy (JSpA), to assess radiographic progression and its predictors, and to prospectively assess clinical outcome and predictors of persistent disease at 3-year followup. METHODS: A total of 197 patients with ...
Näslund Jan - - 2006
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders. However, no consensus on the definition, classification, assessment, diagnosis, or management has been reached. We evaluated symptoms and clinical findings in subgroups of individuals with PFPS, classified on the basis of the findings in radiological examinations and compared ...
Bamac Belgin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early changes occurring in both medial and lateral meniscus thickness from the knees of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We conducted this study in the Department of Anatomy and Division of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey during the period 2004 to 2005. In this ...
Hoppenbrouwers Mirrin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of tests for the active and passive range of motion used in the physical examination for patients with neck pain. The secondary aim was to determine whether the history of the patients influences the reproducibility and the prevalence ...
Dobbs Matthew B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The treatment of idiopathic congenital vertical talus has traditionally consisted of manipulation and application of casts followed by extensive soft-tissue releases. However, this treatment is often followed by severe stiffness of the foot and other complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new method of manipulation ...
Twilt M - - 2006
To investigate the facioskeletal morphology in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with and without temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement. Eighty five patients were included. TMJ involvement was defined by orthopantomogram alterations. Lateral cephalograms were used to determine linear and angular measurements and occlusion. Patients regardless of their TMJ status had ...
Stumpe Katrin D M - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake in patients with painful total knee arthroplasty and to relate FDG uptake to the location of soft tissue pain. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with painful total knee arthroplasty had a clinical examination, standard radiographs, CT measurement of rotation of ...
Joshy S - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess whether surgical decompression for carpal-tunnel syndrome (CTS) in the presence of primary or secondary osteoarthritis of the wrist is associated with poorer patient satisfaction. We did a retrospective matched cohort study. Twenty-four patients who underwent surgical decompression for CTS secondary to osteoarthritis ...
Amorim Bárbara Juarez - - 2006
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of repetitive strain injury (RSI) is subjective and solely based on clinical signs and physical examination. The aim of this paper was to assess the usefulness of three-phase bone scintigraphy (TPBS) in diagnosing RSI. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study at the Division of Nuclear Medicine, ...
Choi Nam-Hong - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to define the clinical and arthroscopic characteristics of anterior horn tears of the lateral meniscus. TYPE OF STUDY: Case series. METHODS: Fourteen patients with mean age of 20.2 years were enrolled in this institutional review board-approved study. All patients were soccer players ...
Wilson Luke - - 2006
This article prospectively determines through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) the incidence of isolated teres minor atrophy and its gender and age distribution, and documents associated findings related to the rotator cuff, labroligamentous complex, and quadrilateral space. Two hundred seventeen consecutive shoulder MRI examinations performed over a 3-month period were prospectively ...
Jacobsen Steffen S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hvidovre University Hospital of Copenhagen, Denmark. - - 2006
We reviewed transverse pelvic computed tomography scans of 197 consecutively referred adult patients with hip pain thought to be secondary to developmental dysplasia. A center-edge angle of 20 degrees or less was considered the upper normal value. Four groups were identified: 69 patients with apparently unilateral right developmental dysplasia (left ...
Palchik, Nancy S.
The present study examined the effectiveness of a 6-week experimental program of splinting and joint protection education in reducing the progression of the early boutonniere deformity. Nine patients with mild or moderately reducible boutonniere deformities were randomized into experimental and control groups and followed for 1 year. Improvements in active ...
Silvestri T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To test the importance of the interleukin-4 (IL-4)/IL-4 receptor (IL-4R) system in osteoarthritis (OA) we evaluated soluble IL-4R (sIL-4R) levels in sera of patients with different forms of OA and healthy individuals. METHODS: We recruited: 141 patients with hand OA, 70 with nodal and 71 with erosive hand OA; ...
Minde Jan K - - 2006
Congenital insensitivity to pain is a rare hereditary neuropathy. We present patients from a large family in Norrbotten, Sweden with a mutation in the nerve growth factor beta gene (NGFbeta). Using a model of recessive inheritance, we identified an 8.3-Mb region on chromosome 1p11.2-p13.2 shared by the affected individuals in ...
Bruges-Armas Jácome - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Twelve families that were multiply affected with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) and/or chondrocalcinosis, were identified on the island of Terceira, The Azores, potentially supporting the hypothesis that the 2 disorders share common etiopathogenic factors. The present study was undertaken to investigate this hypothesis. METHODS: One hundred three individuals ...
Ozçakar Levent - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: There have been some studies on the burden of certain rheumatological disorders on the tendons; however, patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and Behçet's disease (BD) have not, up to now, been studied in this regard in the literature. Thus, this current study centers on ensuing changes in the ...
Franzoi A C - - 2007
Cross-sectional. The aim of this survey is to describe the disability profile in a group of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-I-associated myelopathy patients, identifying the requirements for community ambulation. Tertiary care unit, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Seventy-two patients were assessed (49 female and 23 male), referred by tertiary care centers, when a ...
Groenier Klaas H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To construct an empirical classification of patients with shoulder complaints, and then to investigate the relationship between the empirical classification and the setting in which the patients were recruited, their demographic and clinical characteristics, and the original diagnostic categories. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A latent class analysis was performed ...
Handl M - - 2007
Patients treated for knee disorders were included in this study. They were examined clinically (Lequesne and Tegner scores) and by standard X-ray investigation. Patients underwent a surgical procedure, either arthroscopy or knee replacement. At the initial phase of surgery, a sample of cartilage was taken for laboratory examination. Progression of ...
Candia L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe a group of patients with a highly destructive and asymptomatic form of psoriatic arthritis, mimicking a Charcot-like joint disease. METHODS: We studied 180 patients with psoriatic arthritis and identified 4 patients with arthritis mutilans mimicking a Charcot-like joint disease. Clinical history, ...
Eliasson G J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the recently described hand osteoarthritis (HOA)-associated T(303)M mutation in the gene for matrilin-3 (MATN3) is associated with specific radiological changes on hand radiographs. METHOD: Standard hand radiographs from 26 HOA patients carrying the T(303)M missense mutation in the MATN3 gene (T(303)M patients) were compared with those ...
Stuart Michael J - - 2006
Arthroscopic debridement is a reliable and effective treatment for knee arthritis in appropriately selected patients. Debridement may include lavage, loose body removal, partial meniscectomy, and/or chondroplasty. Patient selection criteria include acute effusion, well localized joint line tenderness, or catching or locking, often associated with a specific mechanism of injury, patients ...
Habermeyer P - - 2006
We describe 14 patients who underwent transfer of latissimus dorsi using a new technique through a single-incision. Their mean age was 61 years (47 to 76) and the mean follow-up was 32 months (19 to 42). The mean Constant score improved from 46.5 to 74.6 points. The mean active flexion ...
Huang Chung-Cheng - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Bony deformity and muscular malfunction around the shoulder induced by deltoid contracture may influence rotator cuff function and lead to subsequent tearing. The purpose of this study was to investigate the imaging and clinical factors related to rotator cuff tear in patients with deltoid contracture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed ...
Iannotti Joseph P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of latissimus dorsi tendon transfer in patients with an irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tear to help determine which patient and anatomic factors affect clinical outcome. METHODS: Fourteen patients with a latissimus dorsi tendon transfer were clinically evaluated with ...
Mahirogullari Mahir - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the early clinical outcomes of the bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using biodegradable cross pin fixation. The nature of this study is a prospective nonrandomized clinical outcome study. Thirty-five patients who underwent BPTB ACL reconstruction with a minimum of ...
Kundra R K - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The Lachman test is commonly performed as part of the routine assessment of patients with suspected anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. A major drawback is its reliance on the clinician's subjective judgement of movement. The aim of this study was to quantify Lachman movement using a magnetic tracking device ...
Wechselberger G - - 2006
In March of 2000 and May of 2002, two patients underwent restoration of knee extension with a free neurovascular rectus femoris flap. The female patient was 10 years and the male patient 19 years old. Both patients sustained a complex trauma of the thigh with fracture of the femur and ...
Hirano Yoshinori - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare indirect magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography findings in patients with rotator cuff tears with and without symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Indirect MR arthrography results of 15 asymptomatic and 23 symptomatic rotator cuff tears were retrospectively reviewed, comparing the type and size of tears and amount of subacrominal-subdeltoid bursal ...
Waddell David D - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of local adverse events (AEs) with repeat treatment of hylan G-F 20 for osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain relief in the authors' practice. Prospectively collected patient data (5-year period) was retrospectively reviewed from patients who initiated multiple courses of three weekly ...
Nakamura Mitsuhiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and significance of joint symptoms appearing in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) following a colectomy are unclear. AIM: We investigated the relationship between joint symptoms during steroid tapering following an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) and the cumulative risk for developing pouchitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records ...
Kizilay Ahmet - - 2006
Despite recent advances using more conservative approaches, standard classical radical neck dissection is still one of the most frequently performed procedures in head and neck cancer patients who have advanced metastatic neck disease. The trapezius muscle paralysis following division of the spinal accessory nerve results in severe pain and cosmetic ...
Iagnocco Annamaria - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of high resolution ultrasonography (US) in the diagnosis of erosive osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: We enrolled 110 patients with signs and symptoms of inflammatory OA. Radiographs of both hands were performed in all patients; 22 were diagnosed as having erosive OA and 88 classical OA on ...
Peelle Michael W MW Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to define the incidence of acetabular and femoral osseous abnormalities associated with symptomatic acetabular labral tears. We reviewed the radiographs of 78 patients treated arthroscopically for labral tears and 22 patients with asymptomatic hips for comparison. Overall, 49% of patients with labral tears had ...
Hart A J - - 2005
We used single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to determine the long-term risk of degenerative change after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Our study population was a prospective series of 31 patients with a mean age at injury of 27.8 years (18 to 47) and a mean follow-up of ...
Naredo E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity of reduced joint counts for ultrasonographic (US) assessment of joint inflammatory activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Ninety-four patients with RA were included. C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were recorded for each patient. The presence of tenderness, swelling and ...
Arabshahi Bita - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of computed tomography (CT)-guided injection of corticosteroid into the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of TMJ inflammation. METHODS: Twenty-three children ages 4-16 years with JIA and MRI evidence of TMJ inflammation received ...
Sasaki Monica - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Resident's case problem. BACKGROUND: A 52-year-old Chinese male with a 10-year history of gradually worsening right hip stiffness, weakness, and pain was referred to physical therapy by his orthopedist, who made a diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the right hip, with possible Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. The patient reported multiple ...
Harrison Richard J RJ Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Miami, FL 33136, - - 2005
The most consistent deformities that allow early diagnosis of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva are the presence of bilateral short first rays and hallux valgus. The purpose of this study was to describe the radiographic features observed in the feet of patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. The radiographs of 26 feet (15 ...
Buranastidporn B - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to elucidate the relationship between biomechanical changes of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and internal derangement (ID) symptoms in mandibular asymmetry. Posteroanterior cephalograms (PA) of 140 patients with TMJ ID associated with mandibular asymmetry were used to investigate the inclination of the frontal occlusal ...
Iwasaki Norimasa - - 2005
Age seems to affect the efficacy of radial osteotomies for Kienböck disease. We questioned whether an osteotomy would produce acceptable results in teenagers. We retrospectively identified 11 patients (six males and five females) between 11-19 years of age who were treated with radial osteotomies for Kienböck disease. Preoperatively, three patients ...
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