Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1528
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Harrop James S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of published incidence of radiographic adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASDis) after arthrodesis or total disc replacement. OBJECTIVE: Assess impact of surgery method and other factors on the incidence of ASDeg and ASDis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Twenty-seven articles, none of which ...
Darwish Fayeq M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To find if there is any association between the abnormal interphalangeal (IPA) and/or hallux valgus angles (HVA) and onychocryptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with proven ingrowing toenail of all grades had their interphalangeal and hallux valgus angles of the great toe been measured on a stress view ...
Wenghoefer Matthias - - 2008
Although involvement of the temporomandibular joint in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS, Bechterew disease) has been described previously, hyperplasia of the mandibular coronoid process in those patients has not been reported yet. Case notes were studied, and records were made of age, sex, clinical symptoms, radiography, and treatment in all ...
von Eisenhart-Rothe Ruediger - - 2008
We tested the hypothesis that functional malcentering of the humeral head during arm elevation exists in patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis and influences long-term glenoid loading. Twenty-eight healthy volunteers and 10 patients with primary osteoarthritis, 10 with cuff-arthropathy, and 1 with dysplastic glenoid were examined. Open magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional ...
Lynch Christopher J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the imaging findings, clinical findings, and conservative chiropractic management of 2 patients with glenoid hypoplasia. CLINICAL FEATURES: Conventional radiographs of both patients revealed a hypoplastic glenoid bilaterally. Notch-like defects along with signs of degenerative disease were evident within the lower portion of the glenoid rims bilaterally ...
Puig J G - - 2008
Thirty-five patients (23 males) with asymptomatic hyperuricemia for at least two years underwent two-dimensional ultrasonography of knees and ankles. Urate deposits (tophi) in tendons, synovium, and other soft tissues were detected in 12 patients (34%). Increased vascularity (inflammation) was evident in 8 of these patients (23%). Tophi were more frequently ...
van Wingerden Jan-Paul - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study compares motion characteristics during forward bending of a group of chronic female patients either with low back pain (LBP) or pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and healthy subjects using computer-video analysis. OBJECTIVE: This study determines whether subcategories of back pain patients could be distinguished by motion ...
Neuman Paul - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of osteoarthritis (OA), associated meniscal injuries, meniscectomy, and patient-related measures for patients treated nonoperatively after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have not been well described in the literature in terms of natural history. HYPOTHESIS: Patients with ACL injury can achieve a low occurrence of tibiofemoral OA and ...
Saupe Nadja - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the appearance of lesions of osseous and soft-tissue structures of the glenohumeral joint on magnetic resonance (MR) images after first-time traumatic posterior shoulder dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant, as appropriate, for the four institutions at which the ...
Ida M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To show the characteristic MRI features of synovial chondromatosis (SC) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). METHODS: All patients with histologically proven SC of the TMJ who underwent MRI at our clinic were examined. In 14 patients (male-to-female ratio, 2:12; average age 46+/-14 years), clinical and conventional radiographic findings were ...
Twilt Marinka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement is a frequent feature in cross-sectional prevalence studies among patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). In this followup study, patients were reviewed after 5 years to study the course of TMJ involvement in relation to disease characteristics. METHODS: Children with JIA from a previous study ...
Eidelman Mark - - 2008
The standard treatment of adolescent Blount disease includes proximal tibial osteotomy and osteotomy of the fibula. Some believe that the fibula should also be fixed to prevent migration and subluxation. The purpose of the current study was to examine the results of treatment of patients with adolescent tibia vara treated ...
Canseco Karl - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to provide a quantitative analysis of the changes that occur in the foot and ankle during the gait of patients with hallux rigidus. Using a 15-camera Vicon Motion Analysis System, gait analysis was conducted on a population of 22 patients with hallux rigidus and ...
Ringold Sarah - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and radiographic outcomes in a series of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who underwent one or more intraarticular corticosteroid (IAS) injections of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) performed without imaging guidance. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for all patients with JIA diagnosed and treated ...
Grondal Lollo - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our knowledge of frequency of foot involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is still often based on a study from Finland in 1956. Great changes in the treatment of RA may have led to a different situation. We investigated the distribution of joint involvement in RA patients today, ...
Rougier Patrice - - 2008
To assess the postural strategies developed by patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA), 14 patients were measured 12 days after surgery. The respective role played by both sound and prosthetic legs and the compensatory mechanisms were assessed through a separate measure of the center-of-pressure (CP) trajectories under each foot. The ...
Dastane Manish R - - 2008
Many previous reports suggest total hip arthroplasty performs suboptimally in young patients with osteonecrosis. We retrospectively compared the performance of metal-on-metal articulation in a select group of 107 patients with 112 hips (98 uncemented and 14 cemented stems) 60 years of age or younger with either osteonecrosis (27 patients, 30 ...
Clavet Heidi - - 2008
Prolonged immobility during a critical illness may predispose patients to the development of joint contracture. We sought to document the incidence of, the risk factors for and the reversibility of joint contractures among patients who stayed in a tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) for 2 weeks or longer. We conducted ...
Wada Takuro - - 2008
PURPOSE: Although rare, hand injury caused by puncture with the sea urchin spine can result in serious complications. To emphasize its clinical significance, this article describes a group of patients who sustained chronic granulomatous arthritis induced by puncture with sea urchin spine (designated sea urchin spine arthritis). METHODS: Five patients ...
Slutsky David J - - 2008
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to examine the incidence of dorsal radiocarpal ligament (DRCL) tears in patients having diagnostic arthroscopy for chronic wrist pain. METHODS: A chart review was performed of 64 patients who had diagnostic wrist arthroscopy for chronic wrist pain that was refractory to conservative measures. ...
Ozgocmen Salih - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study proposed to assess the relationship between power Doppler ultrasound examination and spectral Doppler analysis of hand joints with clinical and laboratory parameters in rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: Patients receiving disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or biologics (infliximab) underwent joint examination and were assessed by a Health Assessment Questionnaire, Duruoz's Hand ...
Taylor Colm - - 2008
Hurler syndrome is an autosomal recessive metabolic storage disease. Hematopoietic stem cell transplant increases life expectancy, but the effects on associated musculoskeletal abnormalities remains unclear, and long-term data are limited. We detail the follow-up of 23 patients at a mean of 8.5 years after successful hematopoietic stem cell transplant. All ...
Catalano Louis - - 2008
This study compared patients with basal joint arthritis who underwent either ligament reconstruction tendon interposition (LRTI) or trapeziometacarpal interposition arthroplasty (TMIA). Twenty-two consecutive LRTI and 22 TMIA procedures were compared. Arthritis was graded using the staging system of Eaton. In the LRTI group, 1 patient (4.5%) had stage II, 3 ...
Carr Ashley M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite design and manufacturing improvements in contemporary metal-on-metal hip replacements, the problem of wear particles persists. The local and systemic biological consequences of this ionic debris have been the subject of much investigation and it has become clear that cell-mediated delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions are a discrete mode of osteolysis ...
Lacout A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Paraosteoarthropathy (POA) is a frequent disabling orthopedic complication after severe central neurological impairment. The hip is the most frequently affected joint (32.1%) followed by the elbow and the shoulder (25%). PURPOSE: To evaluate coraco- and costoclavicular paraosteoarthropathy in patients with severe central neurological disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report ...
Krishnan Kartik G - - 2008
PURPOSE: We present the results of a modified tendon transfer for the restoration of wrist and finger extension in irreparable radial nerve lesions. METHODS: Restoration of wrist extension, finger extension, thumb extension, and thumb abduction was done in 29 patients (20 males and 9 females; age range: 10-58 years) with ...
Bek Do─čan D Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Orthopedics & Traumatology, 06018, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2008
We evaluated the results of ankle arthrodesis performed with circular external fixators (CEF) in those patients who had developed tibiotalar arthritis secondary to a landmine or a gunshot injury. Nineteen ankles in 19 patients were fused using CEF. All patients had approximately 3 (range, 1 to 5) operations for bone ...
Rüdiger Hannes A - - 2008
A questionnaire, which allowed graphing of self-assessment of active and passive shoulder motion by drawing lines onto prepared diagrams, was sent to 221 consecutive patients scheduled to attend our outpatient clinic. At consultation, shoulder motion was measured using a goniometer by surgeons, who were blinded to the results of the ...
Stea Susanna - - 2008
The authors analyzed data collected by the Registry of the Orthopedic Prosthetic Implantology in Italy. They found a higher rate of total hip arthroplasty on the right side (58%) in comparison with the left side in patients affected by primary coxarthrosis. To test whether laterality was the cause of this, ...
Court Laurence E - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient setup in head and neck IMRT using daily portal imaging. At our institution, orthogonal digital portal images are taken daily to check patient positioning prior to head and neck IMRT treatment. Isocenter misalignments are corrected using a couch shift (3mm action ...
Kaz Ari J AJ Idaho Foot and Ankle Fellowship, 901 N. Curtis Road, Boise, ID 83706, - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the demographics, etiology, and radiographic findings associated with a crossover second toe deformity. Patients treated operatively for a crossover second toe deformity between 2001 and 2006 were identified. Charts were reviewed for clinical information, and radiographs were examined for pertinent angular measurements. ...
Martins F P P - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using a monoclonal antibody (OKT3) labelled with technetium-99m (99mTc) to monitor disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We evaluated 38 patients who were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and classified as Classes II and III after functional assessment (according ...
Cadet Edwin R - - 2008
This study investigated whether a relationship exists between greater tuberosity osteopenia and chronicity of rotator cuff tears. In a retrospective study, anteroposterior radiographs of 28 shoulders in 27 patients who had undergone surgical repair for rotator cuff tears were reviewed. Greater tuberosity osteopenia scores were created using National Institutes of ...
Salaffi F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to assess the inter-observer agreement of standard joint count and to compare clinical examination with grey scale ultrasonography (US) findings in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The study was conducted on 44 RA patients with a disease duration of <2 ...
Kang E H - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of gout attacks that develop during the postsurgical period. METHODS: We enrolled 67 patients with gout who developed postsurgical gout and 67 controls who had histories of gout but did not develop gout attacks after surgery. Features of the postsurgical gout ...
Drakos Mark C - - 2008
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate clinical and functional outcome in a cohort of patients who underwent transfer of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT). METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with biceps pathology or instability underwent an arthroscopic assisted or all arthroscopic transfer LHBT as either an isolated procedure ...
Al-Shehri Abdulraheem M - - 2007
This is a 40-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). She received empirical treatment for presumed TB of the right knee joint. The arthritis and the constitutional symptoms resolved despite the patient's poor compliance. One year later, she presented with TB abscesses involving the upper end of right tibia and ...
Chen Hsin-Shui - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of ultrasonographic examination in a series of patients with chronic wrist pain and to define the proportion of occult carpal ganglion in these patients. DESIGN: A retrospective study including 57 patients with wrist pain consecutively referred for sonographic examination. The inclusion criteria for this study ...
Ulrich Slif D - - 2007
Patient dissatisfaction after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is often linked to complications resulting from comorbidities, radiographic loosening, and poor prosthetic alignment. However, some patients report functional problems without obvious cause. We asked if focused physical therapeutic techniques influenced the clinical outcome in these patients. We identified functional problems in 56 ...
Grönhagen Carina M - - 2007
This study investigated 82 patients who underwent primary hemiarthroplasty for a severely displaced proximal humerus fracture at Danderyd Hospital between 1989 and 2002. According to the Neer classification system, fractures were 2-part in 2, 3-part in 20, and 4-part in 60. The prostheses used were 12 Neer-II, 39 Global, and ...
Landes Constantin A - - 2007
AIM: To assess the normal ranges of condylar translation and width of the lateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) of a healthy population by sonography and permit comparison of findings made in individual patients using this norm. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Fifty non-orthodontically treated, asymptomatic volunteers (100 joints) were subdivided by Angle classes ...
Fregly Benjamin J - - 2008
A large external knee adduction torque during gait has been correlated with the progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though foot path changes (e.g. toeing out) can reduce the adduction torque, no method currently exists to predict whether an optimal foot path exists for a specific patient. This study evaluates a ...
Koenig M J - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to see if changes in patient positioning result in significant changes in Doppler findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 30 consecutive patients with jumper's knee in the proximal portion of the patellar tendon formed the study group. The patellar tendon was scanned in the longitudinal ...
Ise Kentaro - - 2007
To determine whether sensitivity to polyethylene particles varies among patients, we studied 25 patients who had undergone total hip arthroplasty. We used pelvic radiographs to measure annual polyethylene wear and the area of osteolysis. The ratio of the area of osteolysis to the volumetric polyethylene wear was defined as sensitivity ...
Mulhall Kevin J - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the long-term outcomes for combined, bilateral total knee and hip arthroplasty performed on a group of very young patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six consecutive patients with a mean age of 14 years at the time of hip replacement and 16 years at knee ...
Goswami Ravinder - - 2008
Though spondyloarthropathy has been described in patients with sporadic idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (SIH), the clinical profile is not known. To describe the clinical profile including radiological features of spondyloarthropathy and prevalence of HLA-B27 allele in patients with hypoparathyroidism, and to identify any differences from ankylosing spondylitis. Clinical characteristics and radiographs of ...
Filho Jov - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aetiology of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is presently considered to be multifactorial, and stress has been regarded as an important factor in their onset. Many studies have evaluated the importance of stress in TMD; however, only patients with TMD and stress have been assessed. This study aimed at evaluating ...
Newman John H - - 2007
Trochlear dysplasia is a common precursor of patellofemoral arthritis and may account, in part, for persistent anterior knee pain. After pathologic changes have been demonstrated by radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, or arthroscopy, isolated patellofemoral replacement usually can help, but a modern prosthesis and accurate instrumentation must be used. In addition, ...
Bindelglass David F - - 2007
The use of blood cultures to work up fever in postarthroplasty patients was studied retrospectively. Four hundred fifty-three patients done consecutively with a diagnosis-related group 209 discharge diagnosis were studied. One hundred patients (22%) had blood cultures drawn for fever greater than 101 degrees F. Specifically, there were 240 total ...
Sachs Raymond A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Some surgeons believe that they can identify patients who are at high risk for shoulder redislocation and that these patients are best served by immediate surgical stabilization. This natural history study was performed to examine the validity of this concept and to determine whether it is possible to predict ...
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