Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1521
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Li Xiaojuan - - 2009
T(1rho) and T(2) relaxation time constants have been proposed to probe biochemical changes in osteoarthritic cartilage. This study aimed to evaluate the spatial correlation and distribution of T(1rho) and T(2) values in osteoarthritic cartilage. Ten patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 10 controls were studied at 3T. The spatial correlation of ...
Toms A - - 2009
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the technique of dynamic ultrasound (US) examination of the triquetral clunk, and to illustrate the range of findings in four patients with midcarpal instability (MCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients were identified (3 men, 1 woman). The case notes, plain radiographs, ...
Adachi Nobuo - - 2009
The shallow malleolar groove of the fibula is believed to be one of the important causes of dislocation of the peroneal tendons. However, no studies have investigated the morphological differences between patients with and without dislocation of the peroneal tendons. We investigated the morphological variations (concave, flat, or convex) of ...
Brophy Robert H - - 2009
Patient activity level may be an important prognostic variable relating to outcome in patients with shoulder disorders. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to test the hypothesis that a shoulder activity scale will detect differences in shoulder activity based on the patient diagnosis and age. A total of 157 ...
Yavuz Metin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus is a common foot disorder often experienced with secondary callosities and metatarsalgia. Many factors including improper shoes might be responsible in the pathophysiology of the problem. Hallux valgus deformity has been shown to alter the biomechanics of the whole foot rather than affecting only the great toe. ...
Vlychou M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Erosive osteoarthritis (OA) (EOA) is considered an aggressive form of primary OA that is defined radiographically by intra-articular erosions of the inter-phalangeal joints of the hand and characteristic deformities. The aim of the present study was the sonographic investigation of hand small joints in patients with EOA and comparison ...
de Avila Lima Souza Lilian - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To develop a questionnaire for the evaluation of sexuality of male patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: A cohort of male patients with rheumatoid factor (RF)-negative polyarticular JIA according to the 2004 revised ILAR criteria and inactive disease was studied. The Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) was applied to ...
Rehman T A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) with associated temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) is extremely rare with only four cases reported. We present the first case series of BMC with TMJA in an attempt to elucidate the morphological pattern in this rare condition. METHODS: Retrospective examination of CTs over a period of ...
Moghaddassi Maryam - - 2009
Psoriatic arthritis is defined as an inflammatory arthritis associated with psoriasis and is classified as a seronegative HLA-B27-associated spondyloarthropathy. We aimed to study the clinical and paraclinical presentations of psoriatic arthritis in 150 Iranian patients. Demographic, clinical, and paraclinical data obtained from 150 patients enrolled in a retro- and introspective ...
Esmonde-White Karen A - - 2009
For many years, viscosity has been the primary method used by researchers in rheumatology to assess the physiochemical properties of synovial fluid in both normal and osteoarthritic patients. However, progress has been limited by the lack of methods that provide multiple layers of information, use small sample volumes, and are ...
Möller Burkhard - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of a novel ultrasound (US) imaging method to measure metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and proximal interphalangeal (PIP) finger joint cartilage. METHODS: We examined 48 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 18 patients with osteoarthritis (OA), 24 patients with unclassified arthritis of the finger joints, and 34 ...
Biermasz N R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify factors influencing the development of osteoarthritis during long-term control of acromegaly, focusing on disease-specific parameters, GH and IGF-I concentrations, and duration of disease, adjusted for the well-known determinants of primary osteoarthritis. DESIGN: We conducted a follow-up study. METHODS: We studied 67 ...
Filippucci E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The present study was mainly aimed at investigating the interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility of ultrasound (US) results in the assessment of Achilles tendon enthesopathy in patients with seronegative spondyloarthropathies (SpA). METHODS: A total of 28 patients with a diagnosis of SpA according to the European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group criteria ...
de Zee Mark - - 2009
The aim of this work was to predict the shape of the articular eminence in a patient with unilateral hypoplasia of the right mandibular ramus before and after distraction osteogenesis (DO). Using a patient-specific musculoskeletal model of the mandible the hypothesis that the observed differences in this patient in the ...
Tuscano Daymen - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: A wide degree of normal anatomical variation can occur at the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ). On occasion, this has led to concern for a pathological process, potentially resulting in a costly work-up, unnecessary patient worry and invasive diagnostic procedures such as biopsy. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Vincken Patrice W J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine in patients with subacute knee complaints and normal standardized physical examination the fraction of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies showing arthroscopically treatable intra-articular pathology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 290 consecutive patients (between 16 and 45 years) with at least 4 ...
Rudwaleit M - - 2009
Non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) is characterised by a lack of definitive radiographic sacroiliitis and is considered an early stage of ankylosing spondylitis. The objective of this study was to develop candidate classification criteria for axial SpA that include patients with but also without radiographic sacroiliitis. Seventy-one patients with possible axial ...
Miller Roman - - 2009
We report 3 cases of a bifid posterior acetabular labrum in a hip joint, diagnosed arthroscopically in patients with other symptomatic hip pathology. One of the patients underwent investigation with magnetic resonance arthrography, which was suggestive of a posterior labral tear, whereas the bifid posterior labrum was found coincidentally in ...
El Mansouri Laila - - 2009
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is characterised by a geographic differences in terms of prevalence and clinical expression of the disease. The aim of our study was to describe the actual features of AS in Morocco and we wanted to examine a large population of patients for evidence of phenotypic clustering that ...
Myers Sara A - - 2009
Claudication is the most common presentation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), producing significant ambulatory compromise. Claudicating patients, most of whom are elderly, have reduced mobility and poor health outcomes, including an increased risk of falls. The gait of elderly fallers is characterized by increased variability. Increase in the variability of ...
Oschman, Z; ;
Objective. To document the incidence of asymptomatic rotator cuff tears in patients with a confirmed symptomatic tear in the opposite shoulder, and to identify ultrasound findings that may distinguish symptomatic from asymptomatic tears. Design. When patients are referred for an ultrasound examination for the confirmation of symptomatic rotator cuff tear ...
Dunn Sharon - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Whether changes in the hyaluronan moiety of synovial fluid are associated with osteoarthritis (OA) is unresolved experimentally, notwithstanding frequent statements in the literature that the disease leads to degraded hyaluronan. We evaluated this hypothesis by comparing the molecular weight and concentration of hyaluronan in synovial fluid from patients with ...
Kryzak Thomas J - - 2009
Currently, there is little information available on the results of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in patients with Parkinson's disease. The purpose of the current study was to determine the results, risk factors for an unsatisfactory outcome, and rates of failure of TSA in patients with Parkinson's disease. Between 1978 and ...
Karapinar Hasan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fusion of the neuropathic ankle joint is extremely difficult and associated with many complications. The use of the Ilizarov fixator in ankle fusion for patients with neuropathic arthropathy is not clear. We aimed to evaluate the results of the Ilizarov method for ankle arthrodesis in diabetic patients with neuropathic ...
Nazarinia Mohammad Ali - - 2009
The prevalence and pattern of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) can vary from country to country, according to genetic and environmental factors. This study aims to analyze the patterns of disease in a population of Iranian patients with AS. We performed a prospective study (2002-2007) analyzing 98 patients with diagnosis of AS ...
Krisjane Zane - - 2009
The aim of our study was to assess condylar parameters and condyle position within glenoid fossa of TMJ in volumetric 3D imaging in patients with Class II and Class III malocclusions. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The study group included 15 patients with severe skeletal Class II (mean age 18.0 yrs) and ...
Ford Kevin R - - 2009
Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine if high functioning children with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) with minimal disease activity have different biomechanics during high loading tasks compared to controls. Patients were included if they had minimal inflammation documented in one or both knees. Methods. The subject groups ...
Flouzat-Lachaniete Charles Henri - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of multifocal osteonecrosis in patients with sickle cell disease. Between 1980 and 1989, 200 patients with sickle cell disease were treated in our institution for osteonecrosis. The patient population consisted of 102 males and 88 females with a mean age ...
Sahatçiu-Meka Vjollca - - 2009
The aim of this study is to establish a scientific comparative analysis between seronegative and seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with regard to some clinical characteristics. The studied group consisted of RA seronegative patients with titters lower then 1:64 defined by Rose-Waaler test, while the control group consisted of RA seropositive ...
Sugimoto Kazuya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Prolonged lateral instability of the ankle after ligament injury has been believed to be a major cause of osteoarthritis of the ankle, yet the rate of development of osteoarthritis of the ankle is relatively low. Clarifying the relationship between patient factors and chondral damage of the ankle with prolonged ...
Ruland Robert T - - 2008
PURPOSE: Chronic dorsal ulnar-sided wrist pain challenges even the most experienced physicians. The close anatomic proximity and the possibility of coexistent injuries can render physical examination maneuvers ambiguous, making it difficult to discern between intra-articular and extra-articular pathology. Using the principle of synergism, we describe the extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) ...
Celis Rolando - - 2009
Claudication is the most common manifestation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) producing significant ambulatory compromise. The purpose of this study was to use advanced biomechanical analysis to characterize the kinematic ambulatory pattern of claudicating patients. We hypothesized that compared with control subjects, claudicating patients have altered kinematic gait patterns that ...
Cronin Simon - - 2009
We recently reported a joint analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) data on 958 sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cases and 932 controls from Ireland and the publicly available data sets from the United States and the Netherlands. The strongest pooled association was rs10260404 in the dipeptidyl-peptidase 6 (DPP6) gene. Here, ...
Gumina Stefano - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study was aimed at evaluating whether scapular dyskinesis and, eventually, SICK (Scapular malposition, Inferior medial border prominence, Coracoid pain and malposition, and dysKinesis of scapular movement) scapula syndrome develop in patients with chronic type III acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation. METHODS: Scapulothoracic motion was studied in 34 patients with chronic ...
Sarkar P - - 2008
A study was undertaken in the department of medicine from November 2003 to July 2005 with a view to find out the prevalence of different rheumatological problem in Indian diabetic population. Although several such studies have been conducted in western population very limited data are available from our country. A ...
Hinman Adrian - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine if Medicaid patients undergoing a primary total hip arthroplasty differed from Medicare and commercial-payer patients with respect to baseline demographic characteristics, social history, clinical outcomes, and resource utilization. A retrospective review of 224 subjects who received a primary total hip arthroplasty at ...
Goubier Jean-Noel - - 2008
Thirteen patients were operated on for hand palsies in cases of C7 to T1 or C8, T1 root avulsions. Finger flexion and intrinsic function were paralyzed in all patients. Finger extension was paralyzed in 12 patients. Wrist flexion and extension were present in all patients. Tendon transfers were performed to ...
Chaiamnuay S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical features associated with an ultrasound (US) diagnosis of synovitis and/or erosions in patients suspected of inflammatory arthritis, and the factors associated with this evolution in patients with a normal initial US. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional: the records of 144 patients who underwent US for suspected ...
Zhao Jinzhong - - 2008
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results of simultaneous double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction. METHODS: We performed arthroscopic reconstruction in 21 cases of combined ACL/PCL rupture, 14 chronic and 7 acute, with autogenous hamstring tendons in 1 stage, both ...
McCarroll H R - - 2008
Four measurements, ulnar tilt, lunate subsidence, lunate fossa angle and palmar carpal displacement, on wrist radiographs of 26 patients with Madelung's deformity and 48 normal subjects were compared. The range of measurements on wrists with Madelung's deformity was wider than on normal wrists, with severe deformities having very abnormal values. ...
Doursounian L - - 2009
A Bristow-Latarjet procedure with specific instrumentation was performed for recurrent dislocation or subluxation of the glenohumeral joint in 34 patients. The procedure was performed through a subscapularis splitting approach with three specific instruments and a special screw. The clinical outcome was assessed by the Duplay and the Constant scores. Radiographic ...
Magerkurth O - - 2010
The osseous ankle configuration (tibiotalar sector, talar radius and height) has been discovered as intrinsic risk factor for chronic ankle instability (CAI). These measurements were done on lateral radiographs only. In this study, the osseous characteristics in the frontal plane and further lateral values were measured. Level III case-control study. ...
Mehra Pushkar - - 2008
This study evaluated serum nutrients in 23 patients who had previous Proplast/Teflon implants to their temporomandibular joints (TMJ) and continued to remain in chronic, severe, irresolvable pain despite subsequent surgical reconstruction. All of the patients were women, and their average age was 40.6 years (range, 28-55 years). Standard blood assays ...
Dias J J - - 2008
We report the outcome at a mean of 93 months (73 to 110) of 71 patients with an acute fracture of the scaphoid who were randomised to Herbert screw fixation (35) or below-elbow plaster cast immobilisation (36). These 71 patients represent the majority of a randomised series of 88 patients ...
Harrop James S - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of published incidence of radiographic adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASDis) after arthrodesis or total disc replacement. OBJECTIVE: Assess impact of surgery method and other factors on the incidence of ASDeg and ASDis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Twenty-seven articles, none of which ...
Darwish Fayeq M - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To find if there is any association between the abnormal interphalangeal (IPA) and/or hallux valgus angles (HVA) and onychocryptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with proven ingrowing toenail of all grades had their interphalangeal and hallux valgus angles of the great toe been measured on a stress view ...
Wenghoefer Matthias - - 2008
Although involvement of the temporomandibular joint in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS, Bechterew disease) has been described previously, hyperplasia of the mandibular coronoid process in those patients has not been reported yet. Case notes were studied, and records were made of age, sex, clinical symptoms, radiography, and treatment in all ...
von Eisenhart-Rothe Ruediger - - 2008
We tested the hypothesis that functional malcentering of the humeral head during arm elevation exists in patients with glenohumeral osteoarthritis and influences long-term glenoid loading. Twenty-eight healthy volunteers and 10 patients with primary osteoarthritis, 10 with cuff-arthropathy, and 1 with dysplastic glenoid were examined. Open magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional ...
Lynch Christopher J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the imaging findings, clinical findings, and conservative chiropractic management of 2 patients with glenoid hypoplasia. CLINICAL FEATURES: Conventional radiographs of both patients revealed a hypoplastic glenoid bilaterally. Notch-like defects along with signs of degenerative disease were evident within the lower portion of the glenoid rims bilaterally ...
Puig J G - - 2008
Thirty-five patients (23 males) with asymptomatic hyperuricemia for at least two years underwent two-dimensional ultrasonography of knees and ankles. Urate deposits (tophi) in tendons, synovium, and other soft tissues were detected in 12 patients (34%). Increased vascularity (inflammation) was evident in 8 of these patients (23%). Tophi were more frequently ...
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