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Kesmezacar Hayrettin - - 2010
Closed reduction followed by short-time immobilization is the generally accepted treatment for simple elbow dislocations. However, the number of studies concerning the results of this method is limited. In this study, the clinical and radiographic results of conservatively treated simple elbow dislocations were retrospectively evaluated. The study included 21 patients ...
Carroll G J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: In view of the clinical similarities between polyarticular osteoarthritis (POA) with metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint involvement and the arthropathy that occurs in hereditary haemochromatosis (HH), it was hypothesized that osteochondral damage in both disorders may be due to localized iron overload. Accordingly, it was predicted that the concentration of ferritin ...
Arvidsson L Z - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term outcome of craniofacial morphology related to disease variables and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement as demonstrated with computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adult patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: Sixty of 103 patients participated in a re-examination on average 27 years ...
Kanjwal Khalil - - 2010
Autonomic dysfunction is common in patients with the joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS). However, there is a paucity of reported data on clinical features of Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) in patients suffering from JHS. This retrospective study was approved by our local Institutional Review Board (IRB). Over a period of ...
Winter Corinna C - - 2010
Degenerative musculoskeletal disorders are among the most frequent diseases occurring in adulthood, often impairing patients' functional mobility and physical activity. The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the impact of three frequent degenerative musculoskeletal disorders--knee osteoarthritis (knee OA), hip osteoarthritis (hip OA) and lumbar spinal stenosis ...
Goldstein Jordan L - - 2010
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a correlation exists between patient height and soft-tissue patellar tendon length. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (1.5 T) was performed for knee pathology on 403 patients. The patellar tendon length was measured in the midsagittal plane by a board-certified musculoskeletal radiologist. ...
Chiou Hong-Jen - - 2010
To establish the correlations among the mineral components, progressive calcification process and clinical symptoms of calcific tendonitis. The morphology of the calcified deposits on the shoulders of 28 patients with calcific tendonitis was determined by high-resolution ultrasonography. The calcified deposit from each patient was aspirated and determined by the Fourier ...
Friedrich Klaus M - - 2010
To assess the relationship between T2 values of femorotibial cartilage and knee alignment in patients with clinical symptoms of medial osteoarthritis (OA). Twenty-four patients (mean age +/- standard deviation, 62.5 +/- 9.9 years) with clinical symptoms of medial knee OA, 12 with varus and 12 with valgus alignment of the ...
Nowak Douglas D - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: In 1999, Walch et al introduced a novel classification scheme for glenoid morphology in patients with primary glenohumeral arthritis and reported substantial intraobserver and interobserver reliability. This classification system has been widely used by shoulder surgeons but a recent independent evaluation revealed considerable lower agreement. The goal of this ...
Cai Xie-Yi - - 2010
PURPOSE: Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint is an uncommonly reported entity. The aim of the present study was to review the cases treated at our clinic, analyze the characteristics of this disease and the responses to management, and recommend a protocol for managing suspected cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A ...
Poveda-Roda Rafael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical and radiological characteristics of the four most common presentations of temporomandibular dysfunction-myofascial pain (MFP), disc displacement with reduction (DDWR), disc displacement without reduction (DDWoR), and osteoarthrosis (OR)-and to identify the differences among them. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised a series of 850 patients (121 ...
Sutipornpalangkul Werasak - - 2009
AIM: To compare levels of lipid peroxidation and antioxidants in synovial fluid from primary knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients with severe cartilage damage undergoing total knee replacement with those in the synovial fluid from injured knee joint patients with intact cartilage undergoing knee arthroscopy. METHODS: Thirty-two OA patients and 10 injured ...
Ryliskis Sigitas - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate shoulder activity level in preoperative assessment of shoulder function and health-related quality of life (QoL) for patients with rotator cuff tears. One hundred and six patients with rotator cuff tears were prospectively evaluated using the following outcome instruments: the Shoulder Activity scale, ...
Terzis Julia K - - 2009
Devastating brachial plexus injury with multiple root avulsions results in wrist instability, imbalance, and inability of patients to control the placement of their hand in space. In this study, results of wrist arthrodesis were analyzed in relation to factors such as age, severity score, and additional hand reanimation procedures. Indices ...
Piyakunmala Kriangsak - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence rate and extension of non-traumatic asymptomatic osteonecrosis of the contralateral femoral head (ONFH) in high-risk patient groups. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used. We studied patients who visited at Orthopedics department, Khon Kaen hospital between January 2007 and December 2008. Only high-risk patients ...
De Zordo T - - 2010
Real-time sonoelastography (SE), a newly introduced ultrasound technique, has already shown conclusive results in breast, prostate, and thyroid tumor diagnostics. This study investigated the performance of SE for the differentiation of Achilles tendon alterations of tendinopathy compared to clinical examination and conventional ultrasound (US). Achilles tendons in 25 consecutive patients ...
Alfredson Håkan - - 2011
Background Partial Achilles tendon ruptures are not always easy to diagnose. A history including a sudden onset of pain and/or relative weakness in plantar flexion force is an indicator. The most loaded side of the Achilles tendon is the dorsal side (skin side). Objective The aim of this study was ...
von Eisenhart-Rothe Rüdiger - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Success rates in the treatment of atraumatic shoulder instability differ, and in vivo identification of the individual insufficient stabilizers is difficult. HYPOTHESIS: Atraumatic shoulder instability is an inhomogeneous entity with varying alterations of the active and passive stabilizers. This might be a reason for inferior treatment results. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Huang Dan-ping - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Blepharophimosis ptosis epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is a rare congenital ophthalmic disorder, characterized by congenital eyelid malformation including bilateral ptosis, shortening of the horizontal eyelid fissure, epicanthus inversus, and increased distance between the inner canthi. In this research, we studied the histological structure and ultrastructure of medial canthal ligament ...
Barton Jennifer L JL Division of Rheumatology, University of California, San Francisco, California 94143, USA. - - 2009
Patient self-report outcomes and physician-performed joint counts are important measures of disease activity and treatment response. This metaanalysis examines the degree of concordance in joint counts between trained assessors and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Studies eligible for inclusion met the following criteria: English language; compared patient with trained assessor ...
Twilt Marinka - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in the craniofacial skeleton in relation to the changes in condylar alterations that occur during long-term follow-up in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement is defined as a condylar alteration that is observed on the orthopantomogram. Lateral cephalograms were used ...
Neville Christopher G - - 2009
Case report. No head-to-head comparisons of different orthoses for patients with stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) have been performed to date. Additionally, the cost of orthoses varies considerably, thus choosing an effective orthosis that is affordable to the patient is largely a trial-and-error process. A 77-year-old woman was ...
Tagliafico Alberto - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of trigger fingers in patients with acromegaly versus an unaffected control group. METHODS: This study was performed with Institutional Review Board approval, and informed written consent was obtained from each patient and control participant. The diagnosis was made by ...
Schlesinger N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Pyrophosphate arthropathy has been linked to diverse clinical subtypes. The two most common are: acute synovitis (pseudogout) and chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy ("pseudo-osteoarthritis"). We have conducted a study to examine whether these are overlapping syndromes. METHODS: We reviewed all synovial fluid (SF) analyses performed in our laboratory from January 1988 ...
de Morais Filho Mauro César - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of pelvic rotational asymmetry in the transverse plane and identify the possible factors related to this problem. One thousand and forty-five patients with cerebral palsy (CP) and complete documentation in the gait laboratory were reviewed in a retrospective study. Pelvic ...
Friedrich Klaus M KM Department of Radiology, New York University, Center for Biomedical Imaging, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2009
The objective of this study was to quantitatively assess cartilage degeneration via T2 mapping to compare patients with and those without meniscal tears. Thirty-seven patients (18 men, mean age +/- SD, 65.7 +/- 7.8 years; 19 women, mean age, 63.8 +/- 12.0 years) with clinical symptoms of osteoarthritis were studied ...
Beischer Andrew D AD Victorian Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Clinic, Richmond, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. - - 2009
Disorders of the tibialis anterior (TA) tendon have infrequently been reported but spontaneous rupture of this tendon is well recognized. The clinical presentation of tendinosis without rupture of the distal TA has not previously been reported and is the basis of this paper. A study of 29 patients diagnosed with ...
Kim Hae-Rim - - 2010
This study examines flexor digitorum tendons and A1 pulley in patients presenting trigger fingers using high-resolution ultrasonography (US), determines the accurate causes of trigger fingers, and analyzes the relationship between clinical data and US findings. As much as 50 trigger fingers of 41 patients were examined by high-resolution US, and ...
Lehmann L J - - 2010
AIM: The biochemical changes associated with rotator cuff tearing are still unclear. The aim of this study is to assess whether concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase in the synovial fluid are specifically altered in shoulders with torn rotator cuff tendons. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Synovial fluid was extracted via arthroscopy in 21 ...
Zarate N - - 2010
BACKGROUND Unexplained gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and joint hypermobility (JHM) are common in the general population, the latter described as benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) when associated with musculo-skeletal symptoms. Despite overlapping clinical features, the prevalence of JHM or BJHS in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders has not been examined. METHODS ...
Rhee Peter C - - 2009
PURPOSE: Type II lunate morphology has recently been shown to decrease the incidence of dorsal intercalated segment instability (DISI) deformity in patients with scaphoid nonunions. A similar association has been suggested for scapholunate dissociation, but a formal comparison has yet to be performed. The purpose of this study was to ...
Chen Ryan C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The management of unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is controversial. A high incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN) has been reported after unstable SCFE. METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive patients with thirty unstable SCFE underwent urgent reduction and fixation with two 6.5-mm cannulated screws. Positional reduction was performed in 25 cases. ...
Toyone Tomoaki - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study. OBJECTIVE.: To measure the orientation of the facet joints at both cephalad and caudad portions and to compare them between patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) and patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS, controls). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Several radiologic studies have indicated a correlation between ...
Takahara Masatoshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Three previous studies have investigated the long-term outcome of radial osteotomy in the treatment of Kienböck disease. However, none used patient-based assessment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of this osteotomy, including the subjective evaluation of the patient with use of ...
Fry Andrew E - - 2009
Cranioectodermal dysplasia (CED) is an infrequently described autosomal recessive disorder characterized by craniofacial, ectodermal and skeletal abnormalities, and associated with increased risk of chronic renal failure. A degree of joint laxity has been noted in some CED patients, but significant skin and soft-tissue laxity has not previously been highlighted as ...
Tohtz Stephan W - - 2010
Clinical findings and blood parameters often are inconclusive in patients with periprosthetic joint infections. Among the accepted criteria for diagnosis, histologic analysis of debrided tissue can detect infection in most cases but does not allow intraoperative decision making. We evaluated the validity of intraoperative frozen sections for detection of prosthetic ...
Funck-Brentano Thomas - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess ultrasonography's (US) performance to detect the structural damage in the initial evaluation of early arthritis (EA) using the Etude et Suivides Polyarthrites Indifférenciées Récentes (ESPOIR) cohort. METHODS: ESPOIR is a French, multi-centric EA cohort. Four centres assessed the structural damage by both X-ray and US examination at ...
Dizdar Omer - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of arthralgia in breast cancer patients taking aromatase inhibitors (AIs) and perform a detailed rheumatologic assessment including autoimmune serology, musculoskeletal sonography, and electromyography (EMG) in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Postmenopausal patients with stage I to III breast cancer who were taking adjuvant AIs were ...
Oh Joo Han JH Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul, - - 2010
Acromial spurs reportedly relate to the impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tears. We classified the morphologic characteristics of the acromion (shape and thickness) and acromial spurs and determined whether they correlated with rotator cuff tears. We measured acromial shape and thickness using simple radiography and MR arthrography or CT arthrography ...
Cuomo Giovanna - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate ultrasonographic hand and wrist features in patients with SSc and their correlation with clinical and X-ray examinations. METHODS: All the patients and controls underwent clinical examination, X-ray and ultrasonography (US) evaluations of the hands and wrists. Forty-five SSc patients all of whom satisfied the ACR criteria and ...
Ou?draogo Dieu-Donn? - - 2009
The aim of this work was to study ankylosing spondylitis (AS) prevalence and its clinical, radiological and genetic features in Ouagadougou. This was a cross-sectional study over two first years of rheumatologic practice (March 2006 to March 2008). All the patients having AS met the modified criteria of New York. ...
Riente L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency and features of joint and tendon involvement in the hand of patients with primary Sj?gren's syndrome (pSS) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) examination. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with pSS diagnosed according to the preliminary classification criteria proposed by the American-European Classification Criteria Group were enrolled in the ...
Jia Xiaofeng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It has been recognized that there is a distinction between shoulder laxity and shoulder instability and that there is a wide range of normal shoulder laxities. Our goals were (1) to evaluate if the ability to subluxate the shoulder over the glenoid rim in patients under anesthesia would be ...
Parvizi Javad - - 2009
Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip may present with acetabular rim overloading, labral hypertrophy, and tear. Our hypothesis was that isolated arthroscopic treatment of labral tear is likely to fail in most patients. We investigated 34 patients who underwent at least one arthroscopy of the hip for labral tear. ...
Niessen Martijn H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify a possible relationship among chronic poststroke shoulder pain (PSSP), scapular resting pose, and shoulder proprioception. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 21 inpatients with stroke and 10 healthy control subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Orientations of both the contralateral and ipsilateral ...
Imirzalio??lu Pervin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis is that increased apoptosis in synovium might contribute to temporomandibular joint (TMJ) degeneration. To investigate this, we measured soluble Fas (sFas) and nuclear matrix protein (NMP) levels in TMJ synovial fluid from patients with disc displacement without reduction as indicators of apoptosis in the synovium. PATIENTS AND ...
Trobisch Per David - - 2010
Quadriceps tendon ruptures are uncommon injuries. Degenerative changes in the tendon are felt to be an important precondition for rupture. We retrospectively reviewed 45 quadriceps tendon ruptures in 42 patients. Quadriceps tendon ruptures occurred most often in the sixth and seventh decade of life. Men were affected six times as ...
Tagliafico Alberto - - 2010
We demonstrate the US appearance of the distal biceps tendon bifurcation in normal cadavers and volunteers and in those affected by various disease processes. Three cadaveric specimens, 30 normal volunteers, and 75 patients were evaluated by means of US. Correlative MR imaging was obtained in normal volunteers and patients. In ...
Aggarwal Rohit - - 2009
This study focuses on describing full spectrum of clinical, laboratory, and radiological characterization of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients in India. Data on 70 consecutive AS patients, seen at the rheumatology clinic in India, was prospectively obtained using investigator-administered questionnaires. Diagnosis was made according to the modified New York criteria. The ...
De Zordo Tobias - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate real-time sonoelastography in the assessment of the origins the common extensor tendon in healthy volunteers and in patients with symptoms of lateral epicondylitis. The findings were compared with those obtained at clinical examination, ultrasonography, and power Doppler sonography. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
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