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Smith Toby O - - 2011
Patellar instability is a disabling musculoskeletal condition. Whilst previous texts have suggested that twisting activities may cause patients to experience instability symptoms, no studies have assessed which activities are related to the patient's perceived instability. The purpose of this study was to determine which activities and with what frequency patients ...
Wei Lili - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to measure the boundary-lubricating ability and lubricin concentration of synovial fluid (SF) from patients with different stages of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) and establish relationships between them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: According to the imaging and clinical findings, TMD patients were divided into 3 subgroups: displaced ...
Harada Takako - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of hemiparesis on handwriting using a 3-dimensional movement analyzer. DESIGN: Comparative case study. SETTING: Ambulatory care clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Right-handed patients (n=25; mean age +/- SD, 62.3+/-10y) with mild right hemiparesis secondary to subcortical stroke, and age-matched (n=10; 65.6+/-13y) and age-unmatched (n=15; 32.4+/-10y) control subjects. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Kapetanakis Stilianos - - 2010
The goal of this study was to verify or reject the hypothesis that systematic differences exist in various profibrotic or antifibrotic factors between osteoarthritic patients and controls, as well as between different stages of osteoarthritis. The study group comprised 63 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 18 controls. Transforming growth factor-beta ...
Falsetti P - - 2011
Objective: To study the usefulness of ultrasonography (US) in predicting the diagnostic outcome in patients with polymyalgic symptoms. Methods: Sixty-one elderly patients with polymyalgic syndrome were recruited in a secondary care setting and followed up in a prospective way. Clinical, laboratory, and US data obtained at onset were re-evaluated after ...
Mancarella L - - 2010
To examine ultrasound (US) features of synovitis in hand osteoarthritis (OA) joints, and to evaluate their relationship with radiological damage severity and US-detected cartilage thickness. US examination was carried out on 14 joints of both hands of 25 patients with symptomatic hand OA (HOA) and 10 age- and sex-matched control ...
Simonsen Erik B - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to analyze the distribution of net joint moments in the lower extremities in patients walking with a drop-foot compared to a group of healthy subjects. A drop-foot causes the patient to walk with a characteristic limp and it was hypothesized that the drop-foot could ...
Kai Brian - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between T2 relaxation values (T2 RVs) within the superficial zone of articular cartilage and different types of meniscal degeneration/tear. A review of 310 consecutive knee MRIs which included an 8 echo T2 relaxation sequence, in patients referred for standard clinical ...
Mak Joseph N F - - 2010
A multiple-comparative study between normal and low back pain (LBP) patients before and after rehabilitation. To examine whether there is a change in flexion-relaxation phenomenon in sitting in LBP patient following a rehabilitation treatment. There is an association between LBP and seated spine posture. Previous study has reported an absence ...
Klarenbeek N B - - 2010
To assess the relationship between joint tenderness, swelling and joint damage progression in individual joints and to evaluate the influence of treatment on these relationships. First-year data of the Behandel Strategieën (BeSt) study were used, in which patients recently diagnosed as having rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were randomly assigned into four ...
Arrestier Stéphanie - - 2011
To describe the ultrasound features of nonstructural damage (effusions, synovitis, Doppler signal abnormalities) in the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints of the fingers in patients with finger osteoarthritis compared to healthy controls. We included patients at a hospital-based outpatient rheumatology clinic who met American College of Rheumatology ...
Radler Christof - - 2010
Measurements of femoral and tibial torsion obtained from radiographs or computed tomographic scans have been used to describe rotational malalignment of the lower extremities and to clarify indications for surgery. A weak relationship between anatomic torsion deformity and the resulting transverse plane gait pattern in patients with cerebral palsy has ...
Drakos Mark C - - 2010
The pathomechanics of the throwing shoulder have yet to be fully elucidated. The focus of this study reported here was to further characterize the morphology of the glenoid in a population of elite throwing athletes. We obtained magnetic resonance imaging scans of 38 professional baseball players (dominant shoulders) and of ...
Scirè C A - - 2010
To assess the impact of the knee joint inflammation, detected by ultrasonography (US), on functional disability in patients with recent-onset inflammatory polyarthritis (IP). We included patients who had IP for less than 12 months and who had more than 5 swollen joints. All patients were assessed clinically at baseline. US ...
Savarino Lucia - - 2010
In a cohort study, the role of the active tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP 5b), a marker of bone-resorbing osteoclasts, for the assessment of loosening after total hip arthroplasty (THA), was analyzed, as well as its correlation with osteolysis and multinucleated cell appearance in the retrievals. Eighty THA patients, who went ...
Avouac Jerome - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of and independent factors associated with joint involvement in a large population of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). This study was cross-sectional, based on data collected on patients included in the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) registry. We queried this database ...
Becker Michael A - - 2010
Many patients with gout present with an acute attack (flare) of gouty arthritis. In its early stages, gout is a chronic, often silent disorder punctuated by acute, extremely painful arthritic flares. Over time, untreated or insufficiently treated gout may progress, with more frequent flares and formation of urate crystal deposits ...
Ernst Amy A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), or a combination of both was better in diagnosing a septic joint. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was done in all patients who had serum assays for ESR or CRP as well as joint fluid analysis over a two-year ...
Wcislo-Dziadecka Dominika - - 2010
Human cartilage glycoprotein-39 (HC gp-30) is a secretory protein of several types of cells including chondrocytes. It has been suggested to be a laboratory index of joint damage. Thirty-two patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and 22 age-matched controls were investigated. An increased serum HC gp-39 level was shown in SSc ...
Arvystas Michael G - - 2010
When diagnosing and treating occlusal problems, a thorough evaluation of occlusal planes is essential. Studies have shown internal derangement may cause minimal morphologic changes in one patient. In another patient, severe condylar changes with the same level of internal derangement severity may occur. The factors may include contraceptive use and ...
Wolf Eugene M - - 2010
This article evaluates the effectiveness of the external rotation test in diagnosing capsulitis. The test is performed with the upper arm in a neutral position at the patient's side and the elbow in 90 degrees of flexion. The test is positive when pain is produced with this maneuver. All patients ...
Landgraeber Stefan - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to elucidate if the adiponectin level correlates with the survival of joint replacements. Current data indicates that adiponectin regulates lipid and glucose metabolism and acts anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic. We compared the value of adiponectin in serum taken from patients with early loosening in the ...
Kalb K - - 2010
Kienböck's disease is a rare condition in children or juvenile patients with unique features. This article presents a review of the literature on this topic and an evaluation of our own patients to help to establish therapeutic guidelines. From 1994-2005 we treated 23 patients. The 2 paediatric patients could be ...
Palle Lalitha - - 2010
To evaluate the correlation between anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear and straightened, vertically oriented lateral collateral ligament (LCL). This study included 556 patients who underwent MRI of the knee and were divided into three subsets based on ACL morphology. Subset 1 included patients with unequivocal normal ACL. Subset 2 included ...
Lobet S - - 2010
A major complication in haemophilia is the destruction of joint cartilage because of recurrent intraarticular and intramuscular bleeds. Therefore, joint assessment is critical to quantify the extent of joint damage, which has traditionally been evaluated using both radiological and clinical joint scores. Our study aimed to evaluate the natural progression ...
Rao Smita - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a 4-week intervention with a full-length carbon graphite (FL) orthosis on pain and function in patients with midfoot arthritis, and to identify alterations in in vivo foot kinematics accompanying FL use in patients with midfoot arthritis. These results have immediate application for enhancing patient ...
Pulido Luis - - 2010
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a potentially fatal complication of total joint arthroplasty. Therefore, it is essential to have reliable means for diagnosis and evaluation of severity. In the study reported here, we evaluated the reliability of common clinical signs and symptoms in the diagnosis of PE. In addition, we used ...
Werner Clément M L - - 2010
Radiological diagnosis of acetabular retroversion is based on the presence of the cross-over sign (COS), the posterior wall sign (PWS), and prominence of the ischial spine (PRISS). The primary purpose of the study was to correlate the quantitative cross-over sign with the presence or absence of the PRISS and PWS ...
Marhadour Thierry - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reproducibility of clinical synovitis assessments in rheumatoid arthritis and the effect of variability on the Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS28). METHODS: Seven healthcare professionals from different cities examined the same patients with active non-early rheumatoid arthritis (RA; duration > 4 yrs), for whom a treatment change was ...
Lee Keun Bae - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate static and dynamic postural balance after successful total ankle arthroplasty by using dynamic posturography. DESIGN: A controlled trial study. SETTING: A national university orthopedic and rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n=30, 21 men, 9 women; mean age, 58y) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n=30). INTERVENTIONS: Thirty patients ...
Adhikari Srikar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of bedside sonography to differentiate soft tissue abnormalities from joint effusions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of emergency department (ED) patients presenting with joint pain, erythema, and swelling who received bedside sonography. The ED sonographic examinations were performed ...
Kim Tae-Jong - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical profile of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in Korea. METHODS: A total of 732 men and 98 women with AS were recruited for the cross-sectional component of the Hanyang University ankylosing spondylitis (HYAS) Study. All participants completed extensive questionnaires about their ...
Moustafa El-Sayed Ahmed Mounir - - 2010
Anterolateral ankle impingement is due to entrapment of pathological tissues in the anterolateral aspect of the joint. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of arthroscopic diagnosis and treatment of anterolateral ankle impingement. Twenty patients with anterolateral ankle impingement who had arthroscopic debridement were included in this ...
Iagnocco Annamaria - - 2010
To evaluate, by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS), articular involvement in primary SS (pSS) patients by analysing hand and wrist changes, and to correlate them with clinical evaluation and laboratory tests. Thirty-two pSS patients underwent clinical and laboratory examinations, including the SS Disease Damage Index (SSDDI) and the SS Disease Activity Index ...
Shank Craig F - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Valgus slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), defined as posterolateral slippage of the proximal femoral epiphysis on the metaphysis, is an uncommon occurrence. The purpose of this study was to review our institution's experience with valgus SCFE to better describe its prevalence, clinical presentation, and treatment. METHODS: Radiographs of patients ...
Joshy Suraj - - 2010
The hip and knee are the commonest joints affected by septic arthritis in the pediatric age group. Both can present as a limping, unwell child and can be difficult to diagnose. The primary aim of this study is to review and compare characteristics of pediatric patients with culture positive septic ...
Liu X M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between disc displacement types and locations of disc perforation in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). 157 patients (162 joints) with disc perforation observed through arthroscopy were included in this study. The types of disc displacement were analysed by TMJ MRI before ...
Delle Sedie A - - 2010
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an arthropathy associated to psoriasis, which is part of the spondyloarthropathy family, and which may present with various forms, from mono-oligoarthritis to symmetric polyarthritis mimicking rheumatoid arthritis. In longstanding disease, the symmetric polyarthritis is the most common pattern of PsA, involving small joint of hands, feet, ...
Yamamoto Michiro - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluated the importance of visualizing both sides of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) when diagnosing ulnar wrist pain. METHODS: A total of 20 patients with ulnar wrist pain who underwent both radiocarpal joint (RCJ) and distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) arthroscopy were studied retrospectively. TFCC was graded ...
Appel Heiner - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: New bone formation of the spine is a typical feature of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). It is unknown whether new bone formation is part of a physiological repair process or a unique pathological entity of the disease. METHODS: We analyzed zygapophyseal joints from patients with AS and osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing ...
Canseco Karl - - 2010
Hallux valgus is a common condition characterized by lateral deviation of the large toe and medial deviation of the first metatarsal. While some gait analyses of patients with hallux valgus have been performed using plantar pressures, very little is known about the kinematics of gait in this population. The purpose ...
Koutroumpas Athanasios C - - 2010
The objective of this study is to assess the reliability of clinical examination in patients with erosive osteoarthritis (EOA). Eighteen patients with EOA underwent clinical examination for joint tenderness, bony swelling, and inflammation by two independent, blinded assessors. All patients were also examined by ultrasound (US) by an independent radiologist. ...
Wei L - - 2010
The collapse of lubrication function caused by changes of synovial fluid (SF) is regarded as the main aetiology of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Hyaluronan (HA) is one of the principal components of SF. Both physicochemical properties and cell biological functions of HA mainly depend on its molecular size. The present study ...
Borrero Camilo G - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe the magnetic resonance appearance of posterosuperior labral peel back and determine the reliability of MR in the abducted and externally rotated (ABER) position for the prospective diagnosis of arthroscopically proven cases of posterosuperior labral peel back. METHODS: After approval by the institutional review board (IRB) of the ...
Cai Xie-Yi - - 2010
This article reports on 7 patients with septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) who were managed with arthroscopy between 1998 and 2007. The common symptoms were trismus and pain. A series of imaging studies showed widening of joint space in 1 patient with plain film; MRI demonstrated increased joint ...
Aksu Neslihan - - 2010
We investigated the incidence of chronic rotator cuff tears encountered during fixation of proximal humerus fractures with locking plate-screw systems, and evaluated the functional results of simultaneous surgical repair of these injuries. A total of 111 patients underwent surgical treatment for proximal humerus fractures. Of these, nine patients (8 females, ...
Lee Jung Hwan - - 2010
PURPOSE: L5 radiculopathy leads to weakness in ankle dorsiflexor, which can further affect ambulation status. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of gait patterns associated with L5 radiculopathy. METHOD: Nineteen patients with ankle dorsiflexor weakness due to L5 radiculopathy and 16 people with normal control underwent ...
Akbar Michael - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries of the shoulder in paraplegic patients with long-term survival can result from overuse and/or inappropriate use of wheelchairs. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk of pathological changes in the weight-bearing shoulder girdle of paraplegic patients who have been wheelchair-dependent for ...
Bj?rnsson Hanna - - 2010
BACKGROUND: A successful clinical result is reported in 75% to 85% of impingement patients after arthroscopic subacromial decompression. The result is maintained over time, but few studies have investigated the integrity of the rotator cuff in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using ultrasonography, we examined the integrity of the rotator ...
Graell E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been inconsistently associated with common NOD2 gene variants, although some of these studies did not include patient stratification by clinical phenotype. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the association between the three common NOD2 variants (R702W, G908R and L1007fs) and clinical phenotypes of PsA, particularly with surrogate markers ...
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