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Turner Laura J - - 2012
PURPOSE:: There are a variety of devices currently available to measure physical activity. Activity monitors are technologically advanced and provide complex data, leading to higher costs. Pedometers are simple, inexpensive devices that provide easy-to-view data. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of pedometer step counting during ...
Segal Ava D - - 2012
Ankle arthritis, like hip and knee arthritis, has a substantial impact on patient function. Understanding the functional limitations of ankle arthritis may help to stratify treatment strategies. We measured the preoperative demographic characteristics, physical function, and self-assessed function of patients with end-stage ankle arthritis and identified correlations among these metrics. ...
Segal Ava D - - 2012
Ankle arthritis, like hip and knee arthritis, has a substantial impact on patient function. Understanding the functional limitations of ankle arthritis may help to stratify treatment strategies. We measured the preoperative demographic characteristics, physical function, and self-assessed function of patients with end-stage ankle arthritis and identified correlations among these metrics. ...
Rahimi-Movaghar Vafa - - 2012
Spinal cord injured (SCI) patients have sexual disorders including erectile dysfunction (ED), impotence, priapism, ejaculatory dysfunction and infertility. Treatments for erectile dysfunction include four steps. Step 1 involves smoking cessation, weight loss, and increasing physical activity. Step 2 is phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5I) such as Sildenafil (Viagra), intracavernous injections ...
Kaipust Jeffrey P - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in gait variability between patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls during walking at a self-selected pace. Methods: Kinematics were collected during three minutes of treadmill walking for 10 patients with MS and 10 healthy controls. The Coefficient of ...
Yanagisawa Kunio - - 2013
Objective AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) often involves the central nervous system (CNS). Although the diagnostic value of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in detecting HIV-positive primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) has been established, its usefulness for identifying CNS involvement of systemic ARL remains elusive. In this study, we evaluated the ...
Tschabrunn Cory M - - 2012
Safety and Efficacy of Repeat Epicardial Access. Introduction: Epicardial mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) has been increasingly performed. Occasionally additional ablation is necessary, requiring repeat percutaneous access to the pericardial space. Methods and Results: We studied 30 consecutive patients who required a repeat epicardial procedure. We specifically examined ...
Kaipust Jeffrey P - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in gait variability between patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls during walking at a self-selected pace. METHODS: Kinematics were collected during three minutes of treadmill walking for 10 patients with MS and 10 healthy controls. The Coefficient ...
Femenía Francisco - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of this study was to report the short- and long-term results of slow pathway radiofrequency (RF) ablation in patients with atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) using a simplified approach (2 catheters and short applications of RF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study that included ...
Obeyesekere Manoj - - 2012
In 1930, Dr. Louis Wolff, Sir John Parkinson and Paul Dudley White described a case series of 11 patients with a syndrome that now bears their name(1). The first patient with a short PR interval, ventricular pre-excitation and supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) was described by Cohn and Fraser in 1913(1). Wood ...
Meyer Marty M - - 2012
The optimal diagnostic approach and yield for gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients with ventricular assist devices (VAD) are unknown. We explored the etiology of bleeding and yield of upper and lower endoscopy, balloon-assisted enteroscopy, and video capsule endoscopy in the evaluation of GIB in patients with VADs. Methods. All VAD ...
Igual Begoña - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Biventricular arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy and left dominant arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy forms had recently been included in the spectrum of arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy. The aim of the study was to describe, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance, the patterns of ventricular involvement as well as late gadolinium enhancement in these conditions. METHODS: Medical ...
Zeb Mehmood - - 2011
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an established therapy for the treatment of paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Many techniques have been reported to achieve RFA. We report a single-center experience of RFA using three multi-electrode catheters. We collected data of the patients who had RFA for AF using custom-designed multi-electrode ...
Abenavoli Fabio Massimo - - 2011
Abstract The Author presents an uncommon abnormality of the maxillary arch and palate in a Patient with Tessier no. 7 cleft. Key Words: Tessier number 7, Cleft of palate.
Smulders Ellen - - 2011
Smulders E, van Lankveld W, Eggermont F, Duysens J, Weerdesteyn V. Step performance in persons with rheumatoid arthritis: a case-control study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors that could lead to falls in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with RA (n=15) and age- and sex-matched ...
Lekkhong E - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: DAVFs with cortical venous reflux carry a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Endovascular treatment options include transarterial embolization with a liquid embolic agent or transvenous access with occlusion of the involved venous segment, which may prove difficult if the venous access route is thrombosed. The aim ...
Rota Viviana - - 2011
In healthy adults, the step length/cadence ratio [walk ratio (WR) in mm/(steps/min) and normalized for height] is known to be constant around 6.5 mm/(step/min). It is a speed-independent index of the overall neuromotor gait control, in as much as it reflects energy expenditure, balance, between-step variability, and attentional demand. The ...
Hoffmann Adrienne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of oedema and fatty degeneration of the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles in patients with Achilles tendon abnormalities. METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients (mean 51 years; range 14-84 years) with achillodynia were examined with magnetic resonance (MR) images of the calf. The frequency ...
Villoria Albert - - 2011
The abdomen normally accommodates intra-abdominal volume increments. Patients complaining of abdominal distension exhibit abnormal accommodation of colonic gas loads (defective contraction and excessive protrusion of the anterior wall). However, abdominal imaging demonstrated diaphragmatic descent during spontaneous episodes of bloating in patients with functional gut disorders. We aimed to establish the ...
Uludag Irem Fatma - - 2011
Head drop is characterized by marked anterior flexion of the cervical spine. As a result, the affected patient presents with the head tilted forward and the chin resting on the chest. We report a 75-year-old male patient with parkinsonism and head drop caused by isolated myasthenic weakness of the neck ...
Haitsma Jack J - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It has become clear from experimental data that prolonged mechanical ventilation can induce diaphragm dysfunction, also known as ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction. In this article we will discuss most recent understanding on ventilator-induced diaphragm dysfunction and data on diaphragm dysfunction in patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last year ...
Heit Tammarie - - 2011
The purpose of this pilot study was to identify, measure and document an effect on the subjective multiple sclerosis symptoms and compare it to any objective data changes in the neuromuscular system of the head and neck, following the correction of the jaw position using a neuromuscular orthotic. The hope ...
Abul Yasin - - 2011
Although links between meteorological conditions and spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) have been proposed, the reports are controversial. In this study ozone levels, which are known to have some adverse effects on lung tissues, were investigated as a potential triggering factor of SP. At present there is not sufficient information about the ...
Okada Yohei - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate abnormalities of the first three steps of gait initiation in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) with freezing of gait (FOG). Ten PD patients with FOG and 10 age-matched healthy controls performed self-generated gait initiation. The center of pressure (COP), heel contact positions, ...
Patel Amar A University of Rochester Medical Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Rochester, NY 14642, - - 2011
Current evidence suggests that limited ankle dorsiflexion is an etiologic factor for plantar fasciitis. This limitation can arise from either an isolated contracture of the gastrocnemius or from a contracture of the gastrocnemius-soleus complex. This study's aim was to determine the proportion of patients with plantar fasciitis that have an ...
Smartt James M JM Jr Division of Plastic Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2011
Earlier investigations suggest that the morphologic features of patients with lambdoid synostosis include ipsilateral occipital flattening, an ipsilateral mastoid prominence, downward cant of the posterior skull base to the affected side, and contralateral hemifacial deficiency. These features are absent in patients with deformational plagiocephaly. The authors hypothesize that significant differences ...
Kim Ji-Eun - - 2010
a discoid lateral meniscus is a relatively common anatomic variant in Korean and Japanese subjects that presents with snapping knee syndrome. to evaluate the relationship between the location of the Wrisberg ligament and the frequency of lateral meniscus tear in patients with complete discoid lateral meniscus. a total of 109 ...
Clement Nicholas David - - 2011
Patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) in association with palpable shoulder exostoses are more severely affected by their disease. From a prospective database of 78 families with HME identified, 172 patients were identified. Demographic details, deformity, functional scores, standing height, number of exostoses, site, exostosin genotype (EXT1 and EXT2), surgical ...
Beloosesky Yichayaou - - 2011
The aim of the study was to investigate Na(+)-course of hip fracture patients in relation to demographic and clinical parameters. Data on 155 older hip fracture patients were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical parameters and serum Na(+) on admission (Na1), during 24h pre-op. (Na2), during 24h post-op. (Na3), and pre-discharge (Na4) were ...
Ling Min - - 2011
A clinical study of patients with mild haemophilia A to document the frequency and severity of arthropathy has not been previously published. We studied ankle arthropathy in 34 patients with mild/moderate haemophilia A. The patients were assessed for the presence and severity of pain, and by the physical and radiological ...
Gurbuz O - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) signs and tooth wear levels in a group of hospitalised patients with mental retardation (MR). A total of 118 patients with MR and 104 mentally healthy individuals (control) were included in this study. The groups consisted ...
Cresswell Lynne L MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, - - 2011
The authors have previously reported on the relationship between activity and subsequent damage at the patient level for patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The aim of this study was to identify key predictors of damage to individual joints in the hands and feet of patients with PsA, in particular those ...
Fuentes Alexandre - - 2011
A variety of biomechanical adaptations of the knee during gait have been reported in ACL-deficient patients to cope with anteroposterior knee instability. However, strategies to prevent rotatory knee instability are less recognized. We hypothesized that ACL-deficient patients would make distinctive gait changes to prevent anterolateral rotatory knee instability. Specifically, we ...
Cai X-Y - - 2011
This retrospective study reports on four patients with intra-articular pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) who were managed with arthroscopy between 2002 and 2009. There were three females and one male, with a mean age of 46 years at diagnosis. The common symptoms were trismus and pain. ...
Kenanidis Eustathios Ι - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Determination of the serum levels of Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-Κb Ligand, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin and osteoprotegerin in patients suffering from osteoarthritis of varying severity and healthy controls and correlation of these results with the patients' age and the radiographically assessed severity of the disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: ...
Escobar Antonio - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to compare two priority tools used for joint replacement for patients on waiting lists, which use two different methods. Two prioritization tools developed and validated by different methodologies were used on the same cohort of patients. The first, an IRYSS hip and knee ...
Rayan Ghazi M - - 2010
There is ambiguity about using the term "knuckle pads" in Dupuytren's disease (DD). Clear definitions of dorsal knuckle pads and nodules are lacking and the prevalence of these 2 entities has not been determined. We sought to define these terms and investigate the distribution and frequency of dorsal knuckle pads ...
Leonardi Rosalia - - 2010
The nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), first described by Gorlin and Goltz in 1960, is a hereditary autosomal dominant disease with high penetrance and variable expressivity. Almost 70% of patients with NBCCS have some degree of craniofacial anomaly. Among these, the presence of ectopic calcification have been reported but ...
Sallés Meritxell - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and radiological manifestations of patients with the synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. Retrospective study (1984-2007) was performed in a single center. All patients with the SAPHO syndrome were included. Fifty-two patients were included: 26 male, mean age ...
Koutaissoff Sophie - - 2011
To define the burden of hand radiological damage in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, compared with a control group. Both hands of 167 SSc patients and 168 hands (82 right and 86 left) of age- and gender-matched controls were imaged by conventional radiograph. Two musculoskeletal radiologists semiquantitatively scored the following lesions: ...
Niggemeyer Oliver - - 2011
The aim of this study was to examine the frequency of amyloid deposition in patients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis (OA). Further, their impact on the clinical situation and the OA severity were analyzed. Fifty patients with OA who consecutively underwent total hip replacement were prospectively evaluated. The X-rays of the ...
Henry N Lynn NL Breast Oncology Program, University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5419, USA. - - 2010
Nearly half of women treated with aromatase inhibitors (AI) develop AI-associated musculoskeletal symptoms (AIMSS) such as arthralgias, but to the authors' knowledge the etiology is unclear. The upper extremities are frequently affected, especially the wrists, hands, and fingers. AI use may also increase the risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome. ...
Froberg Lonnie - - 2011
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) was described a century ago. In previous long-term reports of patients with LCPD, nonoperative treatment varied considerably. The likelihood of hip osteoarthritis (OA) developing in patients with LCPD and possible need for THA are not well defined. The purpose of the study was to determine whether nonoperatively ...
Villanueva-Alcojol Laura - - 2011
Mandibular condylar hyperplasia (CH) is a rare entity that causes overdevelopment of the mandible, creating functional and esthetic problems. The aim of this article was to describe demographic and clinical characteristics of CH, analyze histopathologic features and their association with scintigraphic and clinical findings, and evaluate esthetic and functional results ...
Senden Rachel - - 2011
In clinical practice, it is increasingly important to assess patients' daily functionality routinely and objectively. Acceleration-based gait analysis (AGA) has shown to be reliable and technically suitable for routine clinical use outside the laboratory. This study investigated the suitability of AGA for measuring function in orthopaedic patients with symptomatic gonarthrosis ...
Bregman Daan J J - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess the functional effects and mechanical contribution of Ankle Foot Orthoses (AFO) prescribed to overcome drop-foot gait. We hypothesized that poor functional effects of the AFO relate to insufficient mechanical contribution of the AFO during the swing phase, or unwanted constraining of the ...
Zampeli Franceska - - 2010
Recently backward walking is used by physical therapists to strengthen the hamstring muscles and thus improve the function of the knee joint of anterior cruciate ligament deficient patients. The aim of this study was to examine the stride-to-stride variability of anterior cruciate ligament deficient patients during backward walking. The variation ...
van Eck Carola F - - 2010
The femoral intercondylar notch has been an anatomic site of interest as it houses the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The objective of this study was to arthroscopically evaluate the femoral notch in patients with known ACL injury. This evaluation included establishing a classification for notch shapes, identifying the shape frequency, ...
Neu C P - - 2010
To quantify the concentration of superficial zone protein (SZP) in the articular cartilage and synovial fluid of patients with advanced osteoarthritis (OA) and to further correlate the SZP content with the friction coefficient, OA severity, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Samples of articular cartilage and synovial fluid were obtained from ...
Elfar J C - - 2011
Thirty-one patients underwent proximal row carpectomy for static scapholunate dissociation without degenerative arthritis. We report the radiographic and clinical results including wrist range of motion, grip strength, use of pain medication, pain severity and patient satisfaction. Mean postoperative flexion/extension was 74° (range 5°-150°) compared with 137° (range 70°-175°) for the ...
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