Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1236
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Modrzyński Marek - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that specific immunotherapy may prevent the development of allergies to new allergens. Recently, however, there have been sporadic reports on the possibility of new allergies developing during immunotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of the occurrence of food allergy and ...
Coffey Gara L - - 2005
Antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal side effects have a negative impact on treatment for mental illness. Acute dystonic reactions are uncomfortable and frightening to the patient, and often lead to early discontinuation of drug therapy and worsened long-term outcome. The lower propensity of the atypical antipsychotic agents to cause extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) has ...
Akyol Aynur - - 2005
We planned to determine the frequency of sensitivity to European standard patch test allergens in 1038 patients with contact dermatitis. From 1992 to 2004, 1038 patients with the diagnosis of contact dermatitis were patch tested with the European standard series. Seven hundred and five patients were female (67.9%) and 333 ...
Viola Marinella - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Adverse reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly observed in clinical practice, particularly among patients with chronic urticaria or asthma. The identification of a safe and reliable alternative is a frequent problem for both general practitioners and allergists. METHODS: We assessed 120 patients (83 women and 37 men) ...
Tavares B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of specific immunotherapy (SIT) being clinically well documented for allergic diseases, new IgE specificities to SIT extract allergens could be induced during the treatment. The authors evaluated these changes in patients allergic to Hymenoptera. METHODS: Six patients allergic to Hymenoptera venom were included in the study. ...
Niedzielska Grazyna - - 2005
Phonation is a sensitive indicator of palatopharyngeal obstruction and its physiological force. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of nasality on the voice quality. The study was carried out on 125 patients divided into three subgroups. The first was created of the patients treated due to ...
Maurya Vikas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), which is predominantly a disease of asthmatic subjects, is caused by hypersensitivity to Aspergillus antigens. Screening for Aspergillus sensitization in asthmatic subjects could identify those who are at risk for ABPA. Few studies have shown that fungal sensitization could be an important risk factor for ...
Müller Ulrich R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers may aggravate anaphylactic reactions and interfere with treatment. There is therefore concern about their use in patients who have a history of anaphylaxis or are on allergen immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is the best available treatment for prevention of life-threatening anaphylaxis to Hymenoptera stings, which is often observed in elderly ...
Fonacier Luz - - 2005
Estimates on the cross-reactivity between cephalosporin and penicillin range from 1 to 16%. Patients with a history of penicillin allergy usually receive less optimal and more costly alternatives even if cephalosporins are a more viable alternative. One hundred eighty-six patients admitted to Winthrop University Hospital in a 7.5-month period, who ...
Brouse Sara D - - 2005
The popularity of amiodarone has grown due to its effectiveness in converting arrhythmia and its formulation availability. Formulations of the drug also contain iodine; the iodine content is 75 mg in a 200-mg tablet of amiodarone and 18.7 mg/ml in the intravenous solution. Approximately 10% of the iodine content of ...
Garcia Vidal Carolina - - 2005
Six of 284 patients treated with infliximab developed active tuberculosis. Four (67%) of these patients had a paradoxical response to antituberculous therapy. Physicians should be aware of the increased risk of a paradoxical response in this population and should consider the use of corticosteroids when a paradoxical reaction is suspected.
Edmondson David A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: "Toxic mold syndrome" is a controversial diagnosis associated with exposure to mold-contaminated environments. Molds are known to induce asthma and allergic rhinitis through IgE-mediated mechanisms, to cause hypersensitivity pneumonitis through other immune mechanisms, and to cause life-threatening primary and secondary infections in immunocompromised patients. Mold metabolites may be irritants ...
Triester Stuart L - - 2005
Macro-aspartate aminotransferase (macro-AST), a complex between normal AST and an immunoglobulin, is recognized as a cause of isolated elevation of AST. Though its pathogenesis is unknown, previous reports have been suggestive of an autoimmune process. We describe a case of macro-AST formation in a patient with previously normal liver enzymes ...
Modrzyński Marek - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In the case of allergies to outdoor mould spores and plant pollen allergens, which are often concomitant, doubts may arise as to the role of mould allergens in inducing specific clinical manifestations. Establishing their significance is crucial for qualifying the patient for specific immunotherapy. This information also helps to ...
Folz Benedikt J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT; Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome) is a frequent symptom that may be caused by a multitude of different genetic and epigenetic phenomena. This investigation analyzes the distribution of nasal telangiectasia in 21 patients with HHT. METHODS: The patients were examined for endonasal telangiectasia by videoendoscopy with ...
Daschner A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous fish-nematode Anisakis simplex produces acute urticaria or angioedema in the course of gastro-allergic anisakiasis. We studied the relationship between this nematode and chronic urticaria (CU), as well as the clinical usefulness of measuring specific IgG4 in A. simplex-sensitized patients with CU. METHODS: First, the prevalence of sensitization ...
Calvo M - - 2005
One hundred consecutive asthmatic paediatric patients were evaluated and skin tested with a battery of skin prick test reagents, including 8 different standardized house dust mite extracts. Asthma severity was graded according to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) document in mild persistent (52 patients), moderate persistent (39) and severe ...
Dhingra V K - - 2004
A total of 8.37% of the 1195 patients treated at NDTB Centre with DOTS under RNTCP between January 2002 to June 2003 presented with adverse drug reactions. Patients showing any sort of adverse reactions were studied in detail by personal interviews and a semi-structured questionnaire. The profile of patients presenting ...
Laeijendecker Ronald - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine contact allergies in patients with oral lichen planus and to monitor the effect of partial or complete replacement of amalgam fillings following a positive patch test reaction to ammoniated mercury, metallic mercury, or amalgam. DESIGN: In group A (20 patients), the oral lesions were confined to areas ...
Kountakis Stilianos E - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To correlate objective and subjective clinical parameters with molecular, cellular, and histologic markers and to acknowledge the importance of these basic science parameters in a severity classification system for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery for CRS ...
Lee Chyh-Woei - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of hypersensitivity reactions (HR) is increased in patients treated with multiple courses of carboplatin. The purposes of this investigation were to evaluate the effectiveness of a 12-step desensitization protocol and to characterize the immune mechanism of carboplatin HR. METHODS: We analyzed 10 consecutive patients who had documented ...
Wuestenberg Eike G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Characteristic symptoms of hyperreflectory rhinopathy include recurrent sneezing, nasal obstruction, and nasal secretion without an allergic background. The diagnosis can only be made if all differential diagnoses have been excluded. So far no clinical test has been established to reliably diagnose hyperreactivity of the nasal mucosa. The present study ...
Gowda Aruna - - 2004
Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin) is a novel platinum compound that has activity in a wide variety of tumors. Several hypersensitivity reactions distinct from laryngopharyngeal dysesthesia have been described. We retrospectively analyzed 169 consecutive patients who received oxaliplatin for esophageal or colorectal cancer between 1/1/00 and 7/31/02 and reviewed any significant adverse reactions ...
Doner Fehmi - - 2004
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression in nasal polyp cases who were administered topical corticosteroid and in middle turbinates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with nasal polyps were included in the study group. These patients were treated with 100 microg budesonide in ...
Fleischer David M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although peanut allergy may recur, the frequency with which this occurs is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study were to determine the rate of peanut allergy recurrence, identify risk factors for recurrent peanut allergy, and develop specific recommendations for the treatment of patients with resolved peanut allergy. METHODS: ...
Büyüköztürk Suna - - 2004
Acute phase reactants have been implicated for their involvement as proinflammatory molecules in various inflammatory diseases. However, little is known regarding their role in the allergic airway disease. The aim of the present study was to examine the blood concentrations of three acute-phase proteins, namely C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid ...
Woessner Katharine M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is characterized by progressive sinusitis, nasal polyposis, and asthma that begins and continues in the absence of exposure to aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Cross-sensitivity to all NSAIDs that inhibit cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) occurs in these individuals. Reactions to aspirin and NSAIDs in patients with ...
Kirmaz Cengiz - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Increased vascularity due to neo-angiogenesis is an essential part of airway remodelling. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), CD34 and von Willebrand's factor (FvW) are known angiogenic markers. Angiogenesis and airway remodelling has been documented in asthma but not in allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the presence of ...
Bener A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pets are very important sensitizing agents in patients with asthma. Respiratory disorders such as asthma and allergic rhinitis are common in the State of Qatar. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether exposure to pets and domestic animals plays a significant ...
Nardelli Andrea - - 2004
In women with vulval complaints, irritant contact dermatitis is more common than allergic contact dermatitis, but secondary sensitization has to be taken into consideration since these patients often use several topical medications. The aims of this retrospective study were to establish the prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis in patients with ...
Mete Nihal - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with allergic rhinitis and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) may be at higher risk of developing asthma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether reactivity to aeroallergens in skin prick testing (SPT) and serum eosinophil cationic protein levels can be used to predict BHR in allergic rhinitis patients. METHODS: Fifty-nine consecutive patients with ...
Dubois Anthony E J - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mastocytosis is a rare disease with associations with anaphylactic reactions to Hymenoptera stings. The purpose of this review is to examine these associations with regard to prevalence, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis in the insect-venom-allergic population. RECENT FINDINGS: Systemic mastocytosis is overrepresented in the Hymenoptera-allergic population and is ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine whether acetazolamide or furosemide produce allergic cross-reactions in patients with self-reported "sulfa allergy." DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: A retrospective review included patients with intracranial hypertension and a self-reported sulfa allergy treated with either acetazolamide or furosemide seen at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics from ...
Eperon Simone - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare in-season eotaxin-1 levels in tears of patients suffering from seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC) with (1) tears of normal subjects and (2) tears of SAC patients out of season. METHODS: Tears of 11 SAC patients and six control volunteers were collected during the pollen season. Tears of five ...
Agius A M - - 2004
The global prevalence of allergic rhinitis has been on the increase and recent clinical experience in Malta has shown a similar trend. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of atopy in 415 patients presenting with rhinitis of at least 3 months duration, and to identify the ...
Kalogeromitros Dimitrios - - 2004
Penicillin often is excluded as a treatment option based on patients' self-reported history of an adverse reaction to penicillin. The objective of this prospective study was to determine the likelihood of true penicillin allergy in patients with vague and convincing histories of penicillin allergy and to evaluate the diagnostic value ...
Kilinc Nihal - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: It is known that mast cells play an important role in pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis. In this study, we investigated the distribution of mast cells in the nasal mucosa of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis during the pollen-season. METHODS: This study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine, ...
Bellussi L - - 2004
The specific Nasal Provocation Test (sNPT) is a third level diagnostic tool. Fitted to reproduce natural exposure condition to pick the responsible allergen for nasal symptoms out, it is applied when prick test and RAST responses are doubtful. SNPT results have been evaluated measuring nasal resistance (anterior rhinomanometry) and nasal ...
Pirsig Wolfgang - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The ideal material for reconstructing the nasal septum in the deficient nose has not been found. Since 1986, the authors have used autogenous cartilage from the cavum conchae to successfully correct the anterior septum and the associated cartilaginous saddle. The long-term results in 26 patients with a destroyed septum ...
Bonfils Pierre - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Management of nasal polyposis should be primarily medical. Resorting to intranasal ethmoidectomy should not be envisaged before a trial of dual steroid therapy. Nevertheless, no risk factor for steroid insensitivity in patients with nasal polyposis is actually defined. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the presence ...
McCarthy Leo J - - 2004
Although much has been learned about the pathophysiologic process of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) since Moschcowitz's initial description in 1924, its etiology and treatments remain problematic. We treated our first patient with TTP by plasma exchange in 1975 and have now treated over 160 patients. We report our experience exchanging ...
Prescott William A WA - - 2004
This retrospective analysis sought to determine the comparative incidence of cross-reactivity associated with carbapenem antibiotic treatment among patients with versus those without penicillin allergy. We sought to determine whether the incidence of cross-reactivity is different between imipenem-cilastatin and meropenem. A total of 211 patients were treated with a carbapenem antibiotic. ...
Ciprandi Giorgio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated in a group of patients with perennial allergic rhinitis alone impairment of spirometric parameters and high percentage of subjects with bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR). The present study aimed at evaluating a group of polysensitized subjects suffering from allergic rhinitis alone to investigate the presence of spirometric impairment ...
Alemán Ana - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Allergy to kiwi fruit is being increasingly reported, but it has never been evaluated by means of a double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) study. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess kiwi allergy on the basis of a DBPCFC and identify the patterns of allergen recognition in sensitized patients from a ...
Canova C R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Impaired nasal breathing is a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether atopy to perennial allergens and existence of perennial allergic rhinitis was a risk factor for OSAS. METHODS: In a case-control study, we compared the proportions of ...
Jain Vijay K - - 2004
Fifty patients of both sexes with clinically suspected pompholyx were patch tested with the Indian Standard Patch Test Battery approved by the Contact & Occupational Dermatosis Forum of India (CODFI). Most of these patients were young adults between 20-39 years of age with a mean age of 30 years. The ...
Davis Richard E - - 2004
We evaluated the nasal superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) as an autologous augmentation graft material in the thick-skinned patient undergoing cosmetic rhinoplasty using a retrospective review. Representative case reports demonstrated preliminary long-term results after augmentation with the nasal SMAS graft in an academic rhinoplasty practice. En bloc excision of the nasal ...
Millard T P - - 2004
Chronic inflammatory ear disease comprises a wide range of conditions. Although contact allergy to topical medicaments is common in such conditions, the causes of these reactions have not been examined in a large series for over a decade. Our aim was to investigate the major sensitizers recorded in 179 patients ...
Shinohara Naohide - - 2004
Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) has become a serious problem as a result of airtight techniques in modern construction. The mechanism of the MCS, however, has not been clarified. Responsible chemicals and their exposure levels for patient's hypersensitive reactions need to be identified. We measured the exposure of 15 MCS patients ...
Remberg P - - 2004
A nasal spray formulation containing an extract of Artemisia abrotanum L. was developed for therapeutic use in patients with allergic rhinitis and other upper airway disorders. The nasal spray preparation used contains a mixture of essential oils (4 mg/ml) and flavonols (2.5 microg/ml), of which some components have been shown ...
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