Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1239
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Hermes B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Basic mechanisms of pseudoallergic drug reactions as well as a possible role of the psyche are currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: Examination of psychological status and reactions during diagnostic provocation tests in patients with previous pseudoallergic reactions to drugs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten inpatients, admitted for provocation tests, were studied in ...
Ruëff Franziska - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mastocytosis is a rare disease characterized by increased mast cells in skin and/or internal organs. We evaluate the impact of mastocytosis on diagnosis and treatment of Hymenoptera venom allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with Hymenoptera venom allergy who suffer from mastocytosis develop life-threatening sting reactions more often than ...
Oude Elberink Joanne N G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Venom immunotherapy (VIT) is a treatment with established efficacy for the prevention of repeated anaphylactic reactions in patients with Hymenoptera allergy, which also allows patients to discontinue carrying an EpiPen. Despite their merits, both treatments can have negative aspects potentially important to patients. OBJECTIVE: We examined possible negative aspects ...
Kimata Hajime - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Allergic responses are enhanced by stress, whereas they are reduced by laughter in atopic eczema patients. Emotion with tears decreases plasma IL-6 levels in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Thus, the effect of emotion with tears on allergic responses in patients with atopic eczema was studied. METHODS: Sixty patients with ...
Webb Luke M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The allergist usually sees patients with anaphylaxis after the event for the purposes of identifying the cause, establishing a prognosis, and preventing further episodes. Knowledge of the characteristics of such patients is essential to achieve these goals. OBJECTIVE: To examine the natural history, clinical manifestations, and factors that affect ...
Keck Tilman - - 2006
Acoustic rhinometry is one method to evaluate nasal geometry by an acoustic reflection technique. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in acoustic rhinometry after nasal provocation in patients with exclusively perennial allergic rhinitis. In 19 patients, acoustic rhinometry and active anterior rhinomanometry were performed before and ...
Kyo Yoshiyuki - - 2006
The effects of intranasal corticosteroids on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)) in the nasal mucosa of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) are not known. Nasal mucosa biopsy specimens were obtained from AR patients, with or without the administration of fluticasone propionate (FP) nose drops, ...
Ogata N - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: A high prevalence of chronic hyperventilation syndrome in patients with asthma has been reported. We examined whether this phenomenon extended to allergy clinic patients in general and whether the prevalence was higher in patients attending a general allergy clinic compared with those attending a routine ENT clinic in our ...
Tezer Mesut S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to compare the paranasal sinus mucosal thickenings, bony changes consistent with chronic sinusitis, and bony anatomic variations detected by computed tomography (CT) in chronic rhinosinusitis patients with and without allergy. Three hundred and thirty-nine patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were analyzed for their allergic status ...
Pereira C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a prevalent allergic disease in Iberian countries, but there are no recent epidemiological studies that characterize this pathology according to clinical classification and aeroallergens sensitisation. This is a clinical study, representative of each country METHODS: Descriptive, observational cross-sectional, population-based study carried-out in Portugal and Spain. ...
Moumoulidis Ioannis - - 2006
A prospective study was performed to compare the efficacy and patient tolerance of Merocel and Rapid Rhino nasal tampons in the treatment of epistaxis. A total of 42 patients were studied. There was no significant difference between the two types of pack in efficacy or patient discomfort with pack in ...
Bacciu Andrea - - 2006
CONCLUSION: Ear, nose and throat (ENT) involvement is common in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), usually manifesting as allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis with or without polyps. Otolaryngologists may play a pivotal role in making an early diagnosis of this disease. OBJECTIVES: CSS is a systemic vasculitic disorder that affects small to ...
Lee-Wong Mary - - 2006
Allergic reactions and systemic desensitization to corticosteroids have been documented rarely in English language literature. These reactions appear more often when the agent is applied topically and may lead to dangerous complications in patients if administered i.v. Therefore, the safety and efficacy of using an i.v. corticosteroid for desensitization in ...
Moreno-Ancillo Alvaro - - 2006
To assess the role of Dau c 1 in three patients with carrot induced asthma. Patient 1 had asthma when handling raw carrots. Sensitization to pollens wasn't detected. Patient 2 had rhinoconjunctivitis due to grass and olive pollen allergy. She had asthma when handling raw carrots. Patient 3 was diagnosed ...
Liu Shih-An - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nasal obstruction is thought to be a risk factor in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, the relationship between nasal patency and sleep-disordered breathing remains controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the association between acoustic rhinometry findings and results of overnight polysomnography. METHODS: From February to October ...
van der Padt A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Extrapyramidal syndromes (EPS) are clinically relevant side effects of metoclopramide which are often not anticipated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two patients who received metoclopramide developed an acute dystonic reaction. Symptoms disappeared after biperiden or trihexyphenidyl were given. Molecular analysis of the CYP2D6 gene was performed using a PCR-based method. RESULTS: ...
Solari José E Gereda JE Allergy and Immunology. Clínica Ricardo Palma, Lima, Perú. - - 2006
Chronic pharmacotherapy is recommended to patients with persistent moderate-severe (PM-S) allergic rhinitis (AR). The cost of pharmacotherapy is the main barrier to achieve symptoms control. To determine the benefits of mite subcutaneous immunotherapy (SIT) in patients with PM-S AR not satisfied with chronic pharmacotherapy received free of charge. Open study ...
Shahana S - - 2006
Nasal polyposis is a poorly understood chronic inflammatory disease often associated with asthma. As nasal polyps and asthma both are associated with massive eosinophil infiltration, they may share a common pathophysiological mechanism. Many genetic and autoimmune diseases may result from altered expression or function of cell adhesion molecules such as ...
Kamani Tawakir - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in mucociliary clearance and surface mucosal structure of the nasal septum and lateral nasal wall in patients with and without septal deviation. METHOD: The saccharine-dye test was used to measure the mucociliary clearance time in both nasal cavities of 20 patients with nasal septal deviation ...
YAMAMOTO, Norio / FUKUDA, ...
Mucosal immunity as well as enzymatic and mucociliary defense mechanism acts in the mucous membrane of nasal and paranasal sinus cavities, preventing viral, bacterial and other antigenic invasions. Chronic nasal and paranasal sinus infection is very common disease, but the etiology and pathogenesis of this entity is still a subject ...
Kinikli Gülay - - 2006
There have been conflicting reports on the relationship between Fas/Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis and allergic response. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is widely used for treatment of allergic diseases. It has long been apparent that SIT results in a reduction in antigen-specific lymphoproliferation, but it is unclear by what mechanism T-cell responses are ...
Morris Luc G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is usually the first-line intervention for obstructive sleep apnea, but up to 50% of patients are unable to tolerate therapy because of discomfort-usually nasal complaints. No factors have been definitively correlated with nCPAP tolerance, although nasal cross-sectional area has been correlated with the ...
Kiroglu A Faruk - - 2006
Sildenafil citrate is an effective oral drug for erectile dysfunction. The main action of sildenafil is the enhancement of the effect of nitric oxide (NO) by inhibiting the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-specific phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), an enzyme responsible for degradation of cGMP. NO is also present in the nasal mucosa and ...
Elad Sharon - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is manifested by watery discharge; however its clinical effect on the watery volume in the oral cavity is unknown. In addition, the low incidence of dry mouth due to treatment with the new generation antihistamines is based on subjective patients' reports only. This study aimed to examine ...
Kalogeromitros Dimitrios C - - 2006
The grape is widely produced and consumed in the Mediterranean area. The object of this prospective study was to present in detail the clinical features of patients with documented immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated reactions to grapes or its products as well as the existing cosensitizations in other food allergens among this ...
Bedongi A - - 2006
Recurrent massive epistaxes due to heriditary haemorrhagic telangectasia were managed in two patients by ablation of the mucosa of the nasal and maxillary cavities and resurfacing with radial forearm fasciocutaneous free flaps. Both patients had undergone multiple procedures attempting to control the epistaxes prior to the definitive procedures described. Both ...
Nikkels Arjen F - - 2006
Inflammatory flare-up reactions of some dermatomycoses, particularly those caused by zoophilic fungi, are typical and potentially severe adverse effects following the intake of some oral antifungals. However, this condition has not previously been reported with the most frequently used antifungals in dermatology, namely fluconazole, itraconazole, and terbinafine. In this report, ...
Marino Andrew A - - 2006
Intraarticular injection of Synvisc for treatment of knee pain sometimes results in an acute local reaction (flare). We tested the hypothesis that the flare was a Type-1 hypersensitivity reaction as manifested by the presence of Synvisc antibodies in the synovial fluid and serum and by an increase in the concentration ...
Kowalski Marek L - - 2006
This article provides information on the pathogenesis of aspirin hypersensitivity, cross-sensitivity, and cross-tolerance of different NSAIDs in patients with respiratory types of reactions. Hypersensitivity to aspirin may affect 5-20% of patients with chronic asthma and an unknown fraction of patients with chronic urticaria-angioedema. These patients develop cross-reactions to other, chemically ...
Gentili A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Latex allergy has become an increasing and clinically important problem. Several recommendation for secondary preventive measures have been advised. The aims of the study were to illustrate the results of the latex-safe protocol and to evaluate in allergic patients the role of risk factors for the development of latex ...
Kasacka I - - 2006
PURPOSE: Intra-oral fixed orthodontic appliances, so frequently used in the treatment of malocclusions, may cause pathomorphological changes in the mouth and can be a potential source of antigen stimulation. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to assess the changes in salivary cells of orthodontically treated allergic patients. MATERIAL ...
Pasaoglu G - - 2006
Although rapid venom immunotherapy (VIT) protocols have been shown to be safe and effective, this issue has not yet been clarified in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the side effects of rush VIT as well as early clinical and immunological responses in patients with a venom ...
Lang R - - 2006
Anaphylactic sting reactions in patients with Hymenoptera venom allergy are prevented by venom immunotherapy (VIT) in most patients. The aim of this study was to investigate re-sting reactions in the field during VIT or during an observation period of up to 13 years after cessation of treatment. Furthermore we sought ...
Weschules Douglas J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Compounded formulations comprised of multiple medications may be useful for some patients with refractory nausea and vomiting. The combination of lorazepam, diphenhydramine, haloperidol, and metoclopramide (ABHR) has been used for more than a decade in the management of nausea and vomiting, but the tolerability of this combination in hospice ...
Siu S W K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A rising incidence of hypersensitivity reactions to oxaliplatin has been observed as a result of increasing clinical use. Epidemiological and clinical features of these reactions are reviewed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of patients treated with a modified FOLFOX regimen from March 1999 to March 2004 were reviewed. RESULTS: One ...
Bartley Jim - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This article evaluates the prevalence of hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) in patients who continue to complain of ongoing nasal congestion, despite an apparently adequate surgical result and appropriate medical management. METHODS: Prospective case series of 14 patients from June 2002 to October 2003 was performed. Patients, who presented complaining of ...
Najim Rafid A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been done on acetylator status in ACD. This study determined acetylator status in Iraqi patients with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in comparison to a matched control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 35 ACD patients and 67 healthy volunteers. The ACD patients were diagnosed clinically ...
Liccardi Gennaro - - 2005
It is widely acknowledged that avoidance of allergens such as those derived from foods, drugs, latex and stinging insects results in a complete disappearance of symptoms. By contrast, although it has been clearly shown that allergens are an important risk factor for the development of respiratory symptoms and that several ...
Cortellini G - - 2005
We report the case of an atopic male, 76 years old, with post-myocardial infarction ischaemic cardiopathy, arterial hypertension and a history of insect-sting induced large local reactions who died because of a biphasic anaphylaxis subsequent to multiple Vespid stings (about 15). Within approximately ten minutes after the stings he developed ...
Passàli Desiderio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of the atomized nasal douche in the restoration of physiological nasal functions in patients affected by acute viral rhinosinusitis, when compared with nasal lavages with isotonic sodium chloride solution. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: The ENT Department at the University of Siena Medical School. PATIENTS: ...
Hida Richard Y - - 2005
PURPOSE: To analyze levels of alpha -defensin in the tears of allergic patients (with/without corneal lesions) comparing the results with those of normal control subjects. METHODS: Screening of the protein profiles of the tears of allergic patients with corneal epithelial lesions and normal controls was performed by surface enhanced laser ...
Chávez-López M A - - 2005
A 33-yer-old woman with no history of atopy, diagnosed of psoriatic arthritis, received 200 mg I.V. infliximab, with previous oral administration of loratadine and betamethasone, that was well tolerated. Two minutes after a second infusion two weeks later, with the same pretreatment, the patients suffer dyspnea, laryngeal spasm, generalized tremor, ...
MacPherson Hugh - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To explore the type and frequency of short term reactions associated with a single acupuncture treatment. METHODS: As part of recruitment to a large-scale prospective survey of the safety of acupuncture, 9408 consecutive patients each completed one survey form soon after receiving treatment with acupuncture, and returned it directly ...
Sánchez-Borges Mario - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The use of selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) has been shown to be safe in patients with aspirin-induced asthma. However, a few individuals with cutaneous reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) experience urticaria or angioedema when challenged with various coxibs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical tolerance of NSAID-sensitive ...
Fukunaga Atsushi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that patients with cholinergic urticaria have a type 1 allergy to autologous sweat; however, the pathogenesis of that disorder has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the responsiveness to autologous sweat and serum in patients with cholinergic urticaria in relation to their clinical characteristics. ...
Gönül Müzeyyen - - 2005
The delayed hypersensitivity development against topical corticosteroids which are used in allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) treatment is an important clinical problem. In our study, 41 ACD patients who did not show any response to topical corticosteroid treatment were patch tested with corticosteroid series and the commercial preparations of corticosteroids and ...
Stevenson Donald D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), pretreatment with asthma controller medications (leukotriene modifiers, inhaled or systemic corticosteroids, and salmeterol) partially modifies the severity of aspirin-induced asthmatic reactions. OBJECTIVE: A recent study showed that pretreatment with tacrolimus completely prevented aspirin-induced respiratory reactions and might allow silent aspirin desensitization. METHODS: ...
Shadan Farhad F - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients with obstructive sleep apnea treated with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) often complain of nasal side effects. We studied patients before and after initiation of nasal CPAP to see how treatment affected nasal function and markers of nasal inflammation. We searched for pretreatment findings that might ...
Arslan Emrah - - 2005
Because of physiologic changes with advancing age as well as previously traumatized and then healed tissues, secondary rhinoplasty for a middle-aged patient is a challenging procedure. Depending on both factors, changes in the midvault can cause a functional airway disorder, and the nose also may need a complete correction for ...
Constantian Mark B - - 2005
Although "boxy" and "ball" nasal tips have received considerable attention in the rhinoplasty literature, their association with cephalic rotation of the alar cartilage lateral crura ("malposition") has not been emphasized. The thesis of this article is that most boxy and ball tips are not unique entities but rather constitute anatomical ...
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