Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1239
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Frigas Evangelo E Division of Allergic Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2008
To study whether allergy consultation and penicillin allergy skin testing affects the selection of antibacterial prophylaxis perioperatively in surgical patients with history of allergy to penicillin (HOAP). From January 1 through June 30, 2004, we compared 2 different models of practice at our institution. At the Preoperative Evaluation Clinic (POEC), ...
Dastychová Eliska E First Department of Dermatovenerology, St. Anne Hospital, Pekarská 53, 656 91 Brno, Czech Republic. - - 2008
1) Assessment of the frequency of contact sensitization to selected excipients of dermatological topical preparations and cosmetics in patients with chronic eczema. 2) Detection of the sources of sensitization. 1,927 patients with chronic eczema (mean age 44.3 years, 601 males, 1,326 females) were patch tested with selected excipients. The main ...
Fairhurst D A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are few studies comparing the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis among different racial groups living within the same community. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to compare white European patients with Fitzpatrick's skin phototypes (FSP) I to IV and patients from Indian, Pakistan and Bangladesh with FSP ...
SÅ‚onina Dorota - - 2008
PURPOSE: In our previous study, using the micronucleus (MN) assay, the low- and high-dose radiation response of fibroblasts and keratinocytes from cancer patients was assessed. We reported that a hyper-radiosensitivity (HRS)-like phenomenon was observed for fibroblasts of two and keratinocytes of four of the 40 patients studied. In this paper, ...
Lee H Y - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Allopurinol is a widely-prescribed urate-lowering agent. Allopurinol hypersensitivity syndrome, a severe form of cutaneous adverse reaction, is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to document the clinical presentation of allopurinol hypersensitivity in a local population, examine the indications for urate-lowering therapy and to ...
Bodensteiner David - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine if enzyme replacement therapy, involving intravenous infusions of recombinant human alpha-galactosidase A (agalsidase beta; Fabrazyme), could be safely continued in patients with Fabry disease who had been withdrawn from a previous clinical trial as a precautionary, protocol-specified measure due to detection of serum IgE antibodies or skin-test ...
Armengot Miguel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nasal obstruction is considered a risk factor for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), although the relationship has not been established clearly. This study explores the repercussion of total nasal packing on arterial oxygen saturation during the nocturnal resting hours and its implication in SDB. METHODS: Forty patients were subjected to total ...
Royer Michel - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To compare urinary leukotriene E4 (ULT) level in patients with nasal polyposis (NP) with and without aspirin intolerance and allergic rhinitis (AR), and correlate it with disease severity. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study from November 2005 to November 2006. Patients with NP (n = 30) and AR (n ...
Cartwright Thomas H - - 2008
The administration of monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) can result in infusion reactions of various grades; severe reactions are seen in approximately 3% of patients after infusions of cetuximab (fatalities occur in approximately 0.1% of patients). We report a case of a patient who had a severe reaction to cetuximab (a murine ...
Jappe U - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a relatively common inflammatory skin disease of unknown prevalence. The proportion of contact allergy complicating rosacea and its therapy, respectively, is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of specific contact allergy in rosacea patients and to compare this with the prevalence observed in the general population ...
Nagasao Tomohisa - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted the present study to elucidate what elements characterize the nasal profiles of patients with unilateral cleft lips (CLs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 Japanese unilateral CL patients were studied. For each patient, the nasal profile curve was traced on three-dimensional computer tomography image. Then ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate current use of Australian snake antivenoms and the frequency and severity of immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions. DESIGN: Nested prospective cohort study as part of the Australian Snakebite Project. PATIENTS AND SETTING: Patients receiving snake antivenom in Australian hospitals between 1 January 2002 and 30 November 2007. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Kantas Ilias - - 2008
To determine the efficacy of the upper lateral caudal edge management in treating patients with inner nasal valve insufficiency and collapse. This was a prospective study in a group of patients suffering from nasal obstruction owing to nasal valve insufficiency. Forty-three patients, who had undergone septoplasty and inferior turbinectomy, were ...
Steiss J O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Current data from clinical studies show that patients with severe allergic asthma experience a significant improvement from omalizumab. The early and late allergic reactions are inhibited by formation of complexes with free circulating immunoglobulin E (IgE), independent of which antigen activates the allergic cascade. The dosage of omalizumab depends ...
Gelardi M - - 2008
Three main types of inflammatory Non-Allergic Rhinitis (NAR) have been defined: NAR infiltrated by eosinophils (NARES), by mast cells (NARMA), and by neutrophils (NARNE). A new particular type has been characterized with current infiltration by eosinophils and mast cells (NARESMA). The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical ...
Weschta Michael - - 2008
AIM: To assess the performance of a novel hand-held nitric oxide (NO) analyzer in the measurement of nasal fractional exhaled NO (FE(NO)). METHODS: In ten healthy subjects (controls) and ten patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), oral and nasal FENO were obtained with the NIOX MINO Airway Inflammation Monitor (Aerocrine AB, ...
McNeill O - - 2008
The procedures, results and outcomes of investigation of 50 patients with clinical episodes of anaesthesia-associated anaphylaxis were retrospectively reviewed. Assessment was performed by measurement of serum tryptase and specific IgE and a combination of skin prick and intradermal skin testing. Testing was performed both for agents received during the anaesthetic ...
Bugten Vegard - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nasal polyposis (NP) is considered to be a subgroup of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). However differences in cellular and mediator profiles suggest that they could be distinct entities. OBJECTIVE: To look for group differences in characteristics and symptom severity before and after surgery in patients suffering from CRS and bilateral ...
Bacciu Andrea - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a systemic vasculitic disorder of unknown etiology that affects small-to-medium-size blood vessels. Patients affected by CSS frequently show ear, nose, and throat manifestations, which are often present at the time of disease onset. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of nasal ...
Levy Jerrold H - - 2008
During surgery, patients are exposed to multiple foreign substances including anesthetic drugs, antibiotics, blood products, heparin, polypeptides (aprotinin, latex, and protamine), and intravascular volume expanders, which have the potential to produce life-threatening allergic reactions termed "anaphylaxis." The hallmark of perioperative anaphylaxis is acute cardiovascular and pulmonary dysfunction. Patients undergoing cardiac ...
Bonfils Pierre - - 2008
CONCLUSION: Allergy does not modify the symptoms and steroid consumption (oral and local) of nasal polyposis (NP) patients after functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). OBJECTIVES: To assess the role of allergy in the evolution after FESS of patients presenting with the diagnosis of NP. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a ...
Cannon Robert - - 2008
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Acute hypersensitivity reactions are well known to occur with the administration of the Antivenin (Crotalidae) Polyvalent (Wyeth Laboratories, Marietta, PA). Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab (ovine) (CroFab; FabAV, Protherics, Inc., Brentwood, TN) was introduced in 2001, and early studies reported a hypersensitivity reaction rate up to 19%. We describe ...
Silberzweig James E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of gadolinium as an alternative to iodinated contrast medium for hysterosalpingography in patients with an increased risk for iodinated contrast hypersensitivity. STUDY DESIGN: Between March 2003 and March 2006, 3,616 hysterosalpingography examinations were performed. Hysterosalpingography was routinely performed using water-soluble, nonionic, iodinated contrast medium. Hysterosalpingography ...
Carlsen Berit Christina - - 2008
Patients with multiple contact allergies, also referred to as polysensitized, are more frequent than predicted from prevalence of single sensitivities. The understanding of why some people develop multiple contact allergies, and characterization of patients with multiple contact allergies is limited. This review presents the current knowledge on the topic and ...
Van Cauwenberge P - - 2008
Nasal polyps represent a severe eosinophilic inflammation of the upper airways which is characterized by poor impact of therapeutic intervention and frequent recurrences. Based on distinct cytokine, mediator and cell profiles, chronic sinonasal disease in Caucasians can be differentiated into several subgroups such as chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps, chronic ...
Ventura M T - - 2008
The efficacy of specific immunotherapy in allergic patients with IgE-mediated rhino-conjunctivitis, asthma and allergic reaction for stinging insects suggests the opportunity of improving technical procedures to minimize risk and optimise the safety of immunotherapy. This study investigated both local and systemic reactions, occurring in a population of 218 patients undergoing ...
Peternelj Andreja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Treatment failure of venom immunotherapy (VIT) is not rare and the risk and pathogenic factors for those failures are so far poorly understood. For that reason we evaluated allergen-specific basophil sensitivity in patients who did not tolerate field re-stings after completed VIT treatment. METHODS: Basophil responsiveness was evaluated by ...
Lombardi Carlo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Respiratory allergy is influenced and determined by genetic and environmental factors. Migration is a good epidemiological model to indirectly assess the influence of the environment. We assessed the clinical characteristics of respiratory allergy in immigrants in Brescia, Italy. METHODS: We prospectively collected the data of all immigrants referred to ...
Yuksel Hasan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has contradictory roles in the pathophysiology of allergic inflammation in both allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma. Small amounts of NO produced by constitutive NO synthase (NOS) is anti-inflammatory, whereas large amounts produced by inducible NOS (iNOS) are proinflammatory. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in constitutive endothelial ...
Colanardi Maria Cristina - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Parecoxib is the first injectable cyclooxygenase 2 selective inhibitor indicated for the treatment of acute postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of a challenge with parecoxib in patients with a history of urticaria or angioedema to 1 or more nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). METHODS: The study was performed ...
Elfeel Khalid A - - 2008
Allergic contact dermatitis is a very treatable disease once it is diagnosed. In this study, statistical analysis was done on 105 patients with allergic contact dermatitis and the data were correlated with allergen type and patient categorical variables. Once allergens were identified, patients were advised to practice avoidance of the ...
Zmudzinska Maria - - 2008
The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of contact allergy to glucocorticosteroids in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers (CVLU), atopic dermatitis (AD) and contact dermatitis (CD), and in a group of healthy individuals; and to estimate differences among these patient groups. Patch tests with the European ...
Foschi F G - - 2008
The glycoprotein CD30 is expressed and released by T lymphocytes that secrete type 2 helper cytokines of (T(H)2). These molecules play a role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases. Venom immunotherapy has proven to be very effective in hymenoptera venom allergy through a shift in cytokine production from T(H)2-type cytokines ...
Sin A Z - - 2008
Pollens from the Cupressaceae family are considered important allergens in the Mediterranean area, though reports of the prevalence of allergic symptoms have ranged from 1.04% to 35.4%. Our aim was to detect the prevalence of cypress pollen sensitization and determine its clinical importance in patients with seasonal respiratory allergy. We ...
Makowska Joanna S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In aspirin-sensitive patients with asthma, bronchial obstruction induced by oral aspirin may be associated with extrabronchial symptoms, suggesting the systemic character of the response. OBJECTIVE: Go assess potential systemic effects of local aspirin challenge, hemopoietic progenitors were measured in the peripheral blood of challenged patients. METHODS: In 19 patients ...
Fisher M M - - 2007
In 144 patients who were referred to an anaesthetic allergy clinic because of perceived risk of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia, the only 'at risk' group that could be identified was patients with a history of unexplained severe adverse reaction during previous anaesthesia. Twenty-two of 45 patients with such a history had ...
Bemanian Mohammad Hassan - - 2007
Severe allergic reactions during specific immunotherapy may occur in the treatment of hymenoptera sting allergy. The objective of the present study was to examine the characteristics of allergic reactions during specific immunotherapy in patients with allergy towards hymenoptera venom in the Iranian population. A prospective study was performed using the ...
Mohanty Keshar K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the urinary nitric oxide metabolites in lepromatous patients in ENL (type 2 reactions) and to compare these metabolites after subsidence of reactions following antireactional therapy. Further to compare the levels in a group of lepromatous leprosy patients without reactions. DESIGN: The initial urine samples were collected from ...
Baker Philip S - - 2007
This article describes a method of in-office fabrication of an occlusal device for treatment of bruxism patients seeking a less costly alternative to laboratory-processed splints. This technique eliminates the need for mounted casts and the expense and delay associated with commercial laboratory involvement. It also minimizes patient and operator exposure ...
O'Donnell Casey J - - 2007
Gadodiamide is currently considered a safe alternative for use in interventional spinal procedures in persons with a documented allergic response to iodine-based contrast dyes and with adequate renal function. The most common reactions to gadodiamide are nausea, emesis, and headache. These reactions usually are self-limited and are reported to occur ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2007
The possibility of nickel toxicity has been raised with interatrial shunt closure devices constructed of nitinol. This study is aimed to assess the potential adverse symptoms in terms of incidence, duration, and significance, in patients with interatrial shunt and nickel allergy who underwent nitinol device-based closure. We prospectively enrolled 46 ...
Ciprandi G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Close association exists between allergic rhinitis and asthma. Moreover, allergic rhinitis is a strong risk factor for the onset of asthma in adults. This study was aimed at evaluating a large group of patients with moderate-to-severe and persistent allergic rhinitis alone for investigating the presence of spirometric abnormalities and ...
Hidir Yusuf - - 2008
The aim of this study is to investigate intranasal fungal incidence in Turkish patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). One hundred patients with CRS and 40 healthy subjects as a control group were included in the prospective study. Nasal lavage samples were investigated for the presence of fungus, using new culture ...
Gilhotra Yuri - - 2007
AIM: To determine if nasal capnography can be used as a screening tool to predict diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) presenting to the emergency department. METHODS: Cross-sectional, prospective, observational study of children with T1DM who presented to the Emergency Department of Princess Margaret Hospital ...
Goldberg Arnon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Extension of the intervals at which maintenance venom immunotherapy (MVIT) is administered has been attempted for many years. However, published evidence on its effect, especially in intervals of longer than 3 months, is sparse. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the administration of a bee venom (BV) maintenance dose at 6-month ...
Greenhawt Matthew - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To illustrate features of allergy in mastocytosis. RECENT FINDINGS: The rates of atopy in patients with mastocytosis have generally been found to be similar to those of the normal population, although the incidence of anaphylaxis is much higher in mastocytosis. Introduction of objective pathologic criteria by the ...
Chao T-K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Blood-tinged post-nasal drip is a rare manifestation of paranasal sinus disease. Although the presence of such a symptom would intuitively prompt suspicion of malignancy, no previously published study has addressed this issue. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-three patients with paranasal sinus lesions, who had undergone endoscopic sinus surgery for ...
Comi A L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We have recently observed that skin reactivity to autologous serum injection is common in patients with non-allergic asthma. However, clinical significance of skin reactivity to autologous serum remains to be defined. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible relation between skin reactivity to autologous serum and clinical and laboratory characteristics in ...
Antonicelli L - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines provide a stepwise treatment to rhinitis, which classifies the disease according to its duration and severity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to verify whether these variables influence drug prescriptions for rhinitis and asthma. METHODS: A multi-centre cross-sectional ...
Vicente-Serrano J - - 2007
Patients with persistent milk allergy and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) to bovine serum albumin (BSA) have a greater risk of rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma because of animal dander. To prove the cross-reactivity between serum albumin (SA) of different mammals in milk, meat, and epithelia and determine if heat treatment of meats ...
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