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Di Lorenzo G - - 2009
Eosinophil count in nasal fluid (ECNF) was used to differentiate nasal pathologies. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and the area under the curve (AUC) were performed to evaluate the ECNF's accuracy in distinguishing allergic rhinitis (AR) from non-allergic rhinitis (NAR). We also evaluated the accuracy of ECNF in recognizing ...
Shin Hyun-Woo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of allergic rhinitis (AR) on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, MMP-2, and tissue inhibitor-1 of metalloproteinase (TIMP-1) in nasal polyposis. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The expression of MMP-9, MMP-2, and TIMP-1 was investigated in the ...
Hunting A S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The dye Patent Blue V (PBV) is increasingly used for staging procedures in operable breast cancer, but is reported to cause adverse reactions. The aim of this study was to present the clinical features and the results of follow-up examinations in patients with such reactions. METHODS: We studied nine ...
Siehr Stephanie - - 2010
Hypersensitivity to aprotinin is low (1-3%) but more likely with re-exposure. The manufacturer issued a black box warning which lists aprotinin re-exposure within 1 year of prior exposure as a contraindication. We investigated the temporal relationship between re-exposure interval and hypersensitivity in children. With Human Research Review Board approval, charts ...
Caylakli Fatma - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of adenoid-nasopharynx (A/N) ratio that is calculated on lateral cephalometric graphies for measuring the adenoid tissue size. METHODS: 85 patients that had been examined in our clinic with a prediagnosis of adenoid hypertrophy between June 2007 and March 2008 were included in the study. Local ...
Majed Masoud - - 2009
OBJECT: Patients with myelomeningoceles (MMCs) are at increased risk of latex allergy and sensitization. Number of surgeries and history of atopy are known risk factors. The object of this study was to evaluate the role of diagnostic procedures and nonsurgical treatments in latex sensitization in young patients with MMC. METHODS: ...
Mimura Tatsuya - - 2009
PURPOSE: Various exogenous allergens can cause allergic conjunctivitis, whereas refractive errors are also related (as an endogenous factor) to the pathogenesis of allergic conjunctivitis. However, little is known about the interaction between exogenous and endogenous factors in patients with allergic conjunctivitis. We investigated the relationship between refractive errors and exogenous ...
Baeck Marie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroids may cause immediate or delayed hypersensitivity. In 1989, based on structural and clinical characteristics, we put forward a classification of corticosteroids into four cross-reacting groups, namely group A, B, C, and D, the latter later subdivided into two subgroups, i.e. D1 and D2. The constituents on the D-ring ...
Gangemi Sebastiano - - 2009
Nickel sensitization can not only induce allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), but also can induce an overlapping disease referred to as "systemic nickel allergy syndrome" (SNAS), characterized by urticaria/angioedema and gastrointestinal symptoms correlated to the ingestion of nickel-containing foods. This study was designed to determine if oxidative stress occurs in patients ...
Kunishima Kanako - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of using iodized oil in chemoembolization for liver tumors in patients with previous adverse reactions to iodinated contrast media. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records were retrospectively reviewed for all patients with a history of an adverse reaction to iodinated contrast media who underwent angiography using gadolinium-based ...
Corriveau Marie-Noëlle - - 2009
Staphylococcus aureus (SA) in the nose can be a simple colonizer but also may create an intramucosal reservoir causing recurrent infections or can be a specific immune modulator through superantigenic mechanisms. Because the colonization rate of SA is high, but immunologic reactions causing chronic disease are less frequent, the purpose ...
O'Callaghan C - - 2010
Determining the prevalence of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) in different populations has proved difficult, with estimates varying between one in 4000 to one in 40,000. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of PCD in a well-defined highly consanguineous Asian population in the UK. Over a 15-year ...
Ebo D G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) using microarray technology has recently been introduced into the field of clinical allergology. OBJECTIVE: To further validate the use of CRD by microarray technology in allergy diagnosis. METHODS: Thiry-seven patients allergic to birch pollen were included. The discriminative value of apple-specific IgE (sIgE), recombinant Mal d ...
Ciprandi Giorgio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several studies have outlined a possible relationship between adipokines and respiratory allergic diseases. However, there are no data about a role for adipsin in allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the serum adipsin levels in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR), subdivided into two ...
Figueroa Roger Adrian - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Leishmania (Viannia) species are the principal cause of mucosal leishmaniasis. The natural history and pathogenesis of mucosal disease are enigmatic. Parasitological evaluation of mucosal tissues has been constrained by the invasiveness of conventional sampling methods. METHODS: We evaluated the presence of Leishmania in the mucosa of 26 patients with ...
Ghadam P - - 2009
For the first time in this study, the pharmacogenetic effects of CYP2C9 polymorphism on warfarin sensitivity in some Iranian patients who are on warfarin treatment were shown. The study group consisted of clinically sensitive patients (21 patients) and the control group (37 adult patients). For detection of CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 ...
Azuma Hiroshi - - 2009
Type I allergic reactions such as urticaria-like manifestations constitute a large percentage of transfusion-related adverse events. Along with donor factors, patient factors might be involved in these reactions. Sera from some patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria show histamine-releasing activity (HRA). Sera from patients who develop Type I allergic reaction might ...
Nihtinen A - - 2010
A study was performed to investigate the air quality of a haematopoietic SCT ward, colonization of the upper airways with Aspergillus spp. and the role of galactomannan (GM) ELISA testing in serum in the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA). In 102 allo-SCT recipients, two cases of IA (one proven and ...
Gastaminza G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pine pollen has long been considered a non-allergenic pollen. The large size of the grain and its low levels of proteins are the main reasons invoked to explain this low allergenicity. The aim of this study was to describe the main allergenic bands of Pinus radiata (PR) and its ...
Moolenburgh Sanne E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Total or partial nasal amputation following tumour resection is one of the more severe facial disfigurements. Successful nasal reconstruction can therefore be regarded as restoring a patient's psychosocial health. The objective of this study, therefore, was to evaluate different determinants of patient's psychosocial functioning and their effect on patient ...
Takatsu Noritaka - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Azathioprine (AZA) is associated with a high frequency of adverse reactions. We examined polymorphism of the thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) gene to determine whether the TPMT genotype would be a predictive marker for the development of adverse reactions to AZA. METHODS: The frequency of TPMT mutations was investigated ...
Syk Jörgen - - 2009
The influence of the degree of immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitisation on the fraction of expired nitric oxide (FE(NO)) in asthma patients being treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is not well known. To investigate the relationship between IgE sensitisation and FE(NO), and the effect of a step-up in ICS treatment on ...
Ly Tran H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrophic rhinosinusitis have intractable upper airway symptoms that result from loss of the normal nasal epithelium. There is no consensus on how to diagnose this condition, and diagnostic criteria are not available to perform multicenter treatment trials. We sought to establish diagnostic criteria for atrophic rhinosinusitis. METHODS: ...
Ural Ahmet - - 2009
We aimed to investigate if orbital dysmorphisms were more common in patients with long-standing and advanced nasal polyposis. A total of 42 nasal polyposis patients and 55 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The distances between medial and lateral canthi were measured using a sliding caliper, and distances between ...
Reyes Estefanía Sánchez - - 2009
The aeropalynological monitoring was carried out from 1 February 2005-31 January 2007. The total number of spores collected during the main spore season (MSS) in 2005 was 4,500 for Alternaria and 93,744 in the case of Cladosporium, whereas in 2006 values were increased (8,385 for Alternaria and 150,144 for Cladosporium), ...
Yee Karen K - - 2009
Few studies have examined the induction of squamous metaplasia in human olfactory nasal tissue caused by tobacco use and the implications it may have for olfaction, particularly when there are pre-existing insults, such as chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Quantitative histopathological analyses were performed on Alcian blue- and H&E-stained sections of nasal ...
Choi Sung-Jin - - 2009
Anisakidae larvae can cause anisakiasis when ingested by humans. Although several groups have reported a gastrointestinal Anisakis allergy among people in Spain and Japan, our report is the first to summarize the clinical features of 10 Anisakis allergy cases in Korea. We enrolled 10 Korean patients (6 men and 4 ...
Ciprandi Giorgio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is characterized by a Th2 polarized immune response and soluble HLA (sHLA) molecules play an immunomodulatory role in this response. Previously, it has been reported that these molecules are increased in sera of patients with pollen-induced allergic rhinitis studied outside the pollen season. To date, however, ...
Gelardi Matteo - - 2009
In clinical practice it can be observed that some patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) continue to have symptoms even when the exposure to allergens is expected to be low or absent. We studied the clinical and cytological characteristics of these atypical forms of (AR) in a large population of ...
Seren Erdal - - 2009
We sought to evaluate the short-term efficacy of radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction (RFVTR) in treatment of inferior turbinate hypertrophy (TH) as measured by expiratory nasal sound spectra. In our study, we aimed to investigate the Odiosoft-rhino (OR) as a new diagnostic method to evaluate the nasal airflow of patients before ...
Seven Bedri - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of levocetirizine (xyzal) on salivary glands function in patients with allergic rhinitis using technetium-99m pertechnetate ((99m)Tc-P) salivary gland scintigraphy. The study population consisted of 67 patients with allergic rhinitis and 31 healthy controls (14 males and 17 females, mean age ...
Petalas Konstantinos - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cholinergic urticaria is occasionally associated with bronchospasm, even in patients without a history of asthma; the underlying mechanism has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in patients with cholinergic urticaria compared with healthy adults and patients with chronic urticaria. METHODS: Patients with a history of cholinergic ...
Hedayati M T - - 2009
Alternaria alternata (A. alternata) is one of the most common airborne fungi in outdoor and indoor environment. A. alternata has also considered as an aeroallergen. So, it could be responsible for an allergen release and may be responsible for allergic reactions in sensitive patients. The aim of this study was ...
Di Lorenzo Gabriele - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To date, no predictive tests for the clinical response to allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASI) are available. Therefore an in vivo or in vitro test would be of great value. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate pretreatment parameters used in diagnosing allergic rhinitis and determining serum specific IgE (s-IgE) levels, serum total ...
Kupczyk M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Lipoxins represent a group of lipoxygenase derived eicosanoids which, in contrast to leukotrienes, are potent anti-inflammatory mediators. The aim of our study was to determine lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) and leukotriene C(4) (LTC(4)) levels in nasal lavages after intranasal challenge with aspirin in aspirin intolerant (AIA) in comparison to aspirin ...
Geier Johannes - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hidden allergen exposure may contribute to persistence and relapse of chromate dermatitis. According to case reports, chromated metal products, such as screws, fittings, etc., may be relevant allergen sources for patients sensitized to chromate. OBJECTIVES: To examine concomitant patch test reactivity to potassium dichromate 0.5% petrolatum (pet.) and three ...
Vlastos Ioannis - - 2009
Although mucociliary clearance has been shown to be impaired in patients with allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis, its exact role in relation to a predisposition to rhinosinusitis is unknown. To investigate this possible association, we conducted a prospective study of 125 patients with allergic rhinitis. Of this group, 23 patients ...
Naxakis S - - 2009
An evaluation of mucociliary clearance, with the use of rhinoscintigraphy and other objectives and subjectives measures, in medically and surgically treated patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, as well in patients with or without nasal polyposis, can add to the understanding of ciliary function and its role in the pathogenesis of chronic ...
Perić Aleksandar - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mucocele of a paranasal sinus is a benign non-neoplastic condition characterized by cystic expansion and distension of the sinus cavity by retained mucoid secretions. Etiology is unknown. The purpose of this study was to estimate the efficiency of the endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy (MMA) as a treatment modality in ...
Carpagnano G E - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nasal polyposis (NP) occurs in about 1-4% of the worldwide population. Increased plasma concentrations of different pro-inflammatory cytokines have been observed in NP, and might be related to the pathogenesis of this syndrome. The present study was designed to investigate IL-6 and IL-4 concentrations in nasal and ...
Caplin James - - 2009
Corpus Christi, TX, is a Gulf Coast city with high humidity levels year-round. There is little available data on mite species in mattress dust, allergen levels, and sensitization to different mite species in allergic patients. This study was designed to determine skin sensitization and specific serum IgE to Dermatophagoides spp. ...
Lavy Yaron - - 2009
Allergic contact cheilitis may appear after exposure to different substances, including dental materials, toothpastes, cosmetics, foods and medications. To compare the rate of toothpaste allergy between patients with and without cheilitis and to examine the yield of our proposed toothpaste patch test kit for use in patients with cheilitis. A ...
Li J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of sensitization in patients with asthma and rhinitis in mainland China remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of allergy in patients with respiratory allergic diseases such as asthma and/or rhinitis attending respiratory clinics within mainland China. The study also investigated regional and annual ...
Fuentes-Beltrán A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Airway eosinophilia is a hallmark of aspirin-sensitive asthma/rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: We have investigated chemokine CC-ligand 5 (CCL5) production and its association with eosinophil activation in the upper airways of aspirin-sensitive patients both in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Twenty aspirin-sensitive asthma/rhinosinusitis patients, 18 atopic-tolerant asthma/rhinosinusitis patients and 15 healthy control ...
Guilemany J M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although various relationships between the lower and upper airways have been found, the association of bronchiectasis with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps has not been thoroughly evaluated. This study was undertaken to examine the association of idiopathic and postinfective bronchiectasis with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis. METHODS: In a ...
Guilemany José Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: A degree of smell disturbance has been found in seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis, but alterations in olfaction in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis (PER) have not yet been evaluated. The aims of the study were to evaluate the impact of PER on the sense of smell, and to ...
Kivity Shmuel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mite allergy is an indoor allergen responsible for most respiratory allergies in the western world. Environmental control can modify disease activity in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To examine the benefit of the Plasma Cluster device (Sharp, Japan) for inactivating and removing mites from the environment of patients diagnosed with either ...
Eduardo Fernanda de Paula - - 2009
Oral mucositis (OM) is one of the worst cytotoxic effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and it causes severe morbidity. Laser phototherapy has been considered as an alternative therapy for prevention and treatment of OM. The aim of this study was to describe the ...
Cirillo I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Remarkable relationship exists between upper and lower airways. Bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) is a paramount feature of asthma and may be considered a strong risk factor for the onset of asthma in patients with allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the presence of BHR in a large ...
Skoloudik Lukas - - 2009
Conclusion: This study demonstrates morphological changes in the nasal mucosa as a consequence of functional changes of the nasal cavity after total laryngectomy (TLE). Objective: Observation of the changes of the nasal mucosa in patients after TLE. Patients and methods: A cohort observational study contained 30 patients after TLE. These ...
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