Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1236
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Bachert Claus - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Although they have comparable safety and efficacy profiles, different intranasal corticosteroids possess different sensory/chemical properties that can be easily differentiated by patients, and which may influence their preference and compliance. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare patient assessments of sensory attributes of three intranasal corticosteroid sprays: triamcinolone acetonide aqueous (TAA), ...
Lee Han N - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was 2-fold: first, to evaluate the potential cross-reactivity between Bis-A epoxy resins and epoxy acrylates and second, to study the cross reactivity between Bis-A epoxy resins and newer Bis-F epoxy resins in patients with allergic contact dermatitis to epoxy resins and had positive patch test to ...
Kumar Raj - - 2002
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a hypersensitivity disorder induced by Aspergillus species colonizing the bronchial tree. Thirty one patients fulfilling criteria of ABPA were evaluated in the present study. Eleven patients were diagnosed as ABPA-S (serological positive) and 20 patients as ABPA-CB (with central bronchiectasis). The two groups of patients ...
Bruno Ernesto - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to identify a reproducible clinical parameter for predicting relapses of nasal polyposis after surgery. METHODS: Ninety-three patients who had undergone ethmoidectomy of bilateral nasal polyps were followed for 3 years. Nasal polyps were obtained from all patients, and cellular suspensions were analyzed individually ...
Mingomataj Ervin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Severe allergic reactions during rush-specific immunotherapy (Rush-SIT) may occur in the treatment of hymenoptera sting allergy. The objective of the present study was to examine the characteristics of allergic reactions during Rush-SIT in a cohort of patients with allergy towards hymenoptera venom in the mediterranean population of Albania. METHODS: ...
Woessner Katharine M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor, cross-reacts in patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) with asthma. METHODS: Sixty patients with asthma underwent double-blinded, placebo-controlled oral challenges with celecoxib (100 mg, 200 mg, and 2 placebos) over 48 hours in our General Clinical Research Center. The ...
Raaphorst Gijsbert Peter GP Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre, 503 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 1C4, - - 2002
A small proportion of patients undergoing radiotherapy display heightened normal tissue reactions. We have set out to determine whether this sensitivity is genetic in nature and can be assessed using an in vitro skin fibroblast assay in order to predict and avoid excessive normal tissue complications. Patients and In this ...
Quiralte Joaquín - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Controlled oral challenge with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is the only definite way to diagnose the different clinical manifestations of NSAID sensitivity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor rofecoxib in a patient population with NSAID-induced skin reactions. METHODS: We prospectively conducted single-blind, placebo-controlled, oral challenges (SBPCOCs) ...
Woszczek G - - 2002
Exposure to grass pollens during the pollen season, reveals in sensitive patients symptoms of allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and/or bronchial asthma. It is not well understood why, in some patients, only symptoms of rhinitis occur while in others similar exposure causes symptoms of asthma and rhinitis. An association study is reported ...
Mehanna H - - 2002
A prospective study of 50 consecutive patients admitted for nasal packing for epistaxis reveals that only 20% re-bled after removal of packs and that 96% of those recurrences occurred during the first 4 h after pack removal. No patients required repacking or blood transfusion. The need for a 24-h observation ...
Derebery M Jennifer - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to investigate the prevalence of elevated heat shock protein 70 (HSP-70) in patients with Meniere's disease who have milk allergy compared with those who are not allergic to milk. METHODS: Fifty-five patients with Meniere's disease and allergy in whom milk allergy had been confirmed by ...
Simes D C - - 2002
Two cases of brown snake envenomation are presented where the duration of bandage application in one patient was prolonged compared with the other patient and was associated with a reduction in the total amount of antivenom required. One patient had the bandage removed 2 hours and twenty minutes after application ...
Chang Hyun Kyu - - 2002
This study was done to evaluate the frequency, intensity, and specificity of a positive pathergy reaction (PR) in Behcet's disease (BD) patients, to clarify an association between the PR and the clinical features or disease severity, and to assess whether patients with pustule formation at the venous puncture site (PFVPS) ...
Ruha Anne-Michelle - - 2002
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We describe our postmarketing experience with patients receiving Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab (CroFab; FabAV) antivenom for treatment of rattlesnake envenomation. METHODS: The charts of 28 patients admitted between March 1 and September 9, 2001, with rattlesnake envenomation and treated with FabAV were reviewed for demographic information, time until ...
Grigoreas Christos - - 2002
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of nasal polyposis in Greek patients with chronic rhinitis and asthma. We studied 3817 patients (2342 men and 1385 women) who were referred for allergy evaluation during 1990-1998 and diagnosed as having chronic rhinitis and asthma. Skin-prick tests with allergens ...
Olthoff Arno - - 2002
The localization of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the mucosa of the inferior and middle turbinates of 30 patients with and without allergic rhinitis was examined by immunohistochemical methods. Staining of paraffin sections from allergic and nonallergic patients revealed nNOS immunoreactivity (nNOS-IR) in the muscular layer of vessels, in ...
Meyers Art - - 2002
This retrospective study evaluated 933 patients referred for diagnostic nuclear medicine perfusion testing at 2 outpatient cardiology centers over a 7-month period. None of the patients were able to perform treadmill stress testing, and all received dipyridamole as a pharmacological stress. The authors found that 44% of the patients had ...
Constantian Mark B - - 2002
Open rhinoplasty has unquestionably become more popular during the past two decades because of the putative diagnostic and technical advantages that direct transcolumellar access offers. To test the hypothesis that patients initially treated by the opened or closed approaches differed in the secondary deformities that developed, a retrospective study was ...
Bruno G. - - 2002
Chemokines and their receptors are involved in several allergic diseases. We measured RANTES and MCP-1 levels in sera of allergic rhinitis patients, and also we evaluated the effect of cetrizine, a second-generation H1 antagonist, on these chemoattractant proteins. 15 subjects were studied (10 males and 5 females; mean age: 26.7 ...
Ehnhage Anders - - 2002
In a previous study, we found an increased nasal responsiveness as measured by rhinostereometry and histamine challenge out of season in a sample of 12 patients suffering mainly from hay fever. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether airway responsiveness in these patients was further increased after ...
Braat J P M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies in the past have focused on meteorological conditions, pollution and pollen and their relationship with symptoms of bronchial hyper-reactivity, however, there are no epidemiological studies which examine a wide range of such factors and determine their role in nasal hyper-reactivity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether environmental factors can ...
Ricchetti Alma - - 2002
Recent studies have suggested that allergic fungal rhino-sinusitis could be involved in the development of nasal polyposis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of anti-fungal nasal lavages. Patients performed nasal lavage with 20 ml of a one per one thousand amphotericin B suspension in each nostril, ...
Eberlein-König Bernadette - - 2002
Clinical observations point to an expanding group of individuals attributing hypersensitivity phenomena to indoor air pollution. It was the aim of this study to characterize such subjects by an interdisciplinary approach. Sixty-five individuals, recruited by a public campaign, were studied by a thorough allergological examination and a structured psychological interview. ...
Meyers Art M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A reaction scale was used to assess noncardiac adverse reactions exhibited by nuclear medicine outpatients receiving intravenous dipyridamole for pharmacological stress testing. METHODS: The study included 933 patients referred to 2 cardiac outpatient centers for assessment. All patients evaluated in this study were unable to perform treadmill stress testing ...
Slipman Curtis W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Describe our experience using discography with intradiscal gadolinium and MR lumbar discography in patients with a history of severe anaphylactoid reaction to iodinated radiocontrast agents. DESIGN: Observational study of 14 patients. METHODS: From 1997 to 1999, 14 patients were referred for lumbar discography with intradiscal gadolinium followed by MRI. ...
Dopazo A - - 2002
Background: few studies report clinical and aerobiological pollen data in the north-west of Spain, a region similar to northern and central Europe. Moreover, it is difficult to obtain patients' collaboration in filling out symptom cards. The aim of this study was to establish a relationship between pollen types and clinical ...
Tejedor Alonso Miguel A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Few European groups have published data on series of patients with idiopathic anaphylaxis. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to report on our experience with this entity in Spain. METHODS: We conducted a two-part investigation. The first part was a descriptive cross-sectional study of 81 patients with idiopathic anaphylaxis, diagnosed between ...
Belsito Donald V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) to optical brighteners and enzymes in laundry detergents was the focus of numerous reports in the early 1970s. Subsequently, there has been little published on the incidence of allergic reactions to chemicals in laundry detergents. Nonetheless, consumers and physicians continue to ascribe allergic contact reactions ...
Sato Kiyoko - - 2002
A 24-year-old woman undergoing chronic dialysis therapy who had been diagnosed as having 'heparin allergy' presented acute allergic reaction after the intracatheter injection of a heparin agent. Further investigation revealed that mild eosinophilia had persisted for more than 3 years before this incidence despite avoiding the use of heparin agents. ...
Karimian-Teherani Daniela - - 2002
The clinical history of 16 patients found to have specific IgE antibodies against Ficus benjamina was analyzed in terms of allergic symptoms, clinical and biological cross-sensitisation to other allergens and compared to the data found in the literature. Two different groups of patients were studied. Group A consisted of 13 ...
Rautio Jorma - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to find out whether harvesting septal grafts and simultaneously doing a septoplasty improves nasal function in patients with clefts who are having a rhinoplasty to correct the external deformity. We studied 14 patients with a unilateral cleft (UCL(P)) and four with bilateral clefts (BCLP). ...
Hiratsuka Masahiro - - 2002
To investigate the association between NAT2 genotypes and the incidence of isoniazid (INH)-induced adverse reactions, in the hope of identifying a pharmacogenetic approach that could be useful in the prediction and prevention of adverse reactions in Japanese patients, we retrospectively studied the genotypes of NAT2 in 102 Japanese patients treated ...
Sánchez-Borges Mario - - 2002
Hypersensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), resulting in urticaria and angioedema, is being observed with increasing frequency. Prevalence rates range from 0.1-0.3%, which is partly due to the large size of the exposed (at risk) population. Some predisposing factors for these cutaneous reactions have been identified, among them atopic diathesis, ...
Zamir Ehud - - 2002
AIM: Inflamed juvenile conjunctival naevi (IJCN) are often erroneously suspected to be malignant because of rapid growth. Their clinical and histopathological features have not been characterised in series of patients. The aim of the study is to characterise IJCN clinically and histopathologically. METHODS: This is a retrospective non-randomised clinicopathological study. ...
Mullins Raymond J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Fifty percent of Australians use complementary and alternative medicines (other than vitamins) in any 12-month period, of which echinacea-containing products are increasingly popular. Recent reports have highlighted the risk of allergic reactions to complementary medicines in atopic patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of adverse reactions linked to use ...
Dusková M - - 2002
A typical cleft deformity of the central facial area is very frequently associated with impaired patency of the nose. Rhinomanometry makes it possible to assess objectively and quantitatively the patency of these airways. For objective assessment of the disorder this examination was made closely before secondary rhinoplasty in 36 patients ...
Malhan K - - 2001
An unusual case of tuberculosis of the lower end of the fibula in a young patient is reported. The patient presented with symptoms of pain and swelling over the outer aspect of the right ankle with full range of painless ankle movements. The plain radiographs of the ankle were normal ...
Wehr T A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: In animals, the circadian pacemaker regulates seasonal changes in behavior by transmitting a signal of day length to other sites in the organism. The signal is expressed reciprocally in the duration of nocturnal melatonin secretion, which is longer in winter than in summer. We investigated whether such a signal ...
Ruëff F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Up to 20% of patients allergic to Hymenoptera venom are not protected by conventional venom immunotherapy (VIT) with 100 microg of any single venom. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of an increased venom dose in patients allergic to Hymenoptera venom still reacting systemically to a sting challenge ...
Goodman E J - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of intraoperative allergic reactions to cephalosporins in patients who claim to be allergic to penicillin.Design: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. MEASUREMENTS: 2,933 intraoperative anesthesia records of all adult orthopedic patients treated at our institution during a 14-month period (7/96-8/97) were reviewed for antibiotic ...
Moorthy S S - - 2001
We report an anaphylactoid reaction to etomidate twice in a 60-year-old male with coronary artery disease and peripheral vascular disease. Following the first anaphylactoid reaction, the patient developed myocardial infarction. In addition, the patient's blood was moderately positive for latex antibodies, which made the differential diagnosis difficult. We concluded that ...
McCain T W - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal method of delivering supplemental oxygen during flexible bronchoscopy (FB). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS: Ninety-seven consecutive patients undergoing outpatient nasal FB during a 7-month period. INTERVENTION: During FB, delivery of oxygen was alternated weekly and administered by nasal cannula either nasally ...
Gabbay D S - - 2001
We describe a patient who experienced dystonia coincident with the administration of an i.v. contrast agent. Dystonic reactions are not well known outside of the fields of Emergency Medicine, Neurology, and Psychiatry. They have not been previously reported as a reaction to i.v. contrast material. Prompt consideration and treatment of ...
El-Mezzein R E - - 2001
This study was performed to determine whether or not IL-18, formerly called IFN-gamma-inducing factor, is involved in the pathogeneses of allergic disorders. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were obtained from patients with allergic bronchial asthma (BA), patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and controls who did not have any allergic disease, ...
Noell C A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: In an earlier study, we demonstrated the feasibility of using electrocochleography (ECoG) to document changes in inner ear function objectively after intranasal challenge of patients with inhalant allergy (with no prior immunotherapy) and Meniere's disease, using the antigen to which they were most sensitive. OBJECTIVE: We expand on this ...
Mencke T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We investigated the incidence of withdrawal, local reactions and pain on injection of rocuronium in 120 adult ASA I-II patients undergoing general anaesthesia (group A: 60 male patients, group B: 60 female patients). METHODS: After induction of anaesthesia with propofol and remifentanil, rocuronium 0.6 mg kg(-1) was injected in ...
Scalf L A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The subject of lichen planus (LP) and dental metal allergy long has been debated. An overwhelming majority of the existing literature focuses on mercury and gold salts in relation to oral lichen planus. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to expand current knowledge regarding LP and lichenoid lesions (LL) and dental ...
Ragab S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Nasal polyposis occurs frequently in patients with intrinsic asthma, especially in those who are aspirin sensitive. It can be difficult to treat effectively, even with surgery and regular topical intranasal corticosteroids many patients are still symptomatic. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the response to montelukast, a leukotriene D4 receptor antagonist, as ...
Climent-Peris C - - 2001
Immediate transfusion reactions were characterized in recipients of 15,990 RBCs, 18,013 platelets, 409 single donor platelets, 3,451 FFP and 1,507 units of cryoprecipitate. The overall incidence of immediate reactions was 0.2%. Allergic reactions occurred in 40 patients, febrile non-hemolytic in 36 patients, bacterial contamination in 2 patients, circulatory overload in ...
Kloutsos G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To present a rare occurrence in ear, nose and throat practice of upper airway allergic edema from use of juice extracted from the fruit of Ecballium elaterium. INTRODUCTION: Ecballium elaterium is a plant indigenous to the Mediterranean region that bears the common name squirting cucumber. Many people in this ...
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