Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 652
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Parsons S L - - 1997
Matrix metalloproteinases have been shown to be important in tumour invasion and metastasis, and the use of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors in animal models has suggested that these agents may be useful in the control of malignant disease. This article reports the results of an early clinical trial of batimastat, one ...
Davis M D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Dermatomyositis and polymyositis can be associated with an underlying malignancy. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to describe a group of patients with dermatomyositis and polymyositis in whom ovarian carcinoma was diagnosed and to evaluate further the characteristics of the association between these diseases. METHODS: A cross-sectional retrospective review identified 14 ...
Munker R - - 1997
Several cytokines and the receptors for some cytokines are involved in the pathogenesis and progression of malignant lymphomas. CD95 (Fas/Apo-1) belongs to the TNF-receptor superfamily and may mediate apoptosis if triggered by Fas-ligand or specific antibodies. Recently soluble CD95 (a splice variant of the surface-bound molecule) was detected in the ...
Bonifati D M - - 1997
We evaluated cyclosporine A (CsA) treatment in 9 patients (6 female and 3 male), 16-63 years old, with severe myasthenia gravis (MG) for a mean period of 2 years (range 16-36 months). All of the patients had been previously treated either with corticosteroids or by combined immunotherapy, and 5 needed ...
Patterson R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Malignant idiopathic anaphylaxis refers to the most severe form of idiopathic anaphylaxis where defined episodes of idiopathic anaphylaxis are not controlled when the prednisone is reduced below at least 60 mg every other day or 20 mg daily. Corticosteroid-dependent idiopathic anaphylaxis refers to patients with idiopathic anaphylaxis who require ...
Verne G N - - 1997
We report the case of a patient with severe diarrhea and malabsorption who was subsequently found to have hypogammaglobulinemia and thymoma (Good's syndrome). The mechanism by which hypogammaglobulinemia and/or thymoma causes diarrhea is unclear. It may be related to malabsorption caused by a mucosal lesion resembling villous atrophy, which may ...
Kao R H - - 1997
To study the characteristics of malignant lymphoma in aboriginal and nonaboriginal patients in eastern Taiwan, the records of 90 patients treated from July 1986 to September 1994 were reviewed. Immunohistologic staining with UCHL-1 and L-26 was used to determine immunophenotype. There were 20 aboriginal and 70 nonaboriginal patients (22% vs ...
Kubota A - - 1997
Of 202 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), 6 (3%) developed alopecia areata. All six patients had a thymoma verified by pathology; the frequency of alopecia areata rose to 17% of 35 MG patients with a thymoma. In one patient who had no recognizable tumor in the mediastinum, an ectopic thymoma ...
Berking C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The authors became interested in an association between cutaneous melanoma and sarcoma when they reviewed their experience with other malignancies occurring in patients with a diagnosis of sarcoma. METHODS: The authors identified 48 patients with both melanoma and bone or soft tissue sarcoma (STS) by a computer search of ...
Beekman R - - 1997
One hundred consecutive patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) referred between 1985 and 1989 were analysed for epidemiological characteristics, evolution of early signs, delay in diagnosis, yield of diagnostic tests and effects of treatment. The female to male ratio was 1.6:1.0. Sixteen patients had a thymoma. Ocular MG occurred in 14. ...
Skeie G O - - 1997
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is mediated by autoantibodies against the acetylcholine receptor at the muscle endplate. Some MG patients have in addition antibodies (Ab) to the skeletal muscle proteins ryanodine receptor (RyR) and titin. We have examined GM and KM allotypes, RyR and titin Ab in 44 MG patients (37 thymoma ...
Pasqualetti P - - 1997
The acturial probability of malignant transformation was analyzed in a series of 263 patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) over a 15-year period and followed from 5 to 20 years. At a median follow-up of 11.5 years, 157 patients (59.7%) had died of causes unrelated to MGUS, 47 ...
Gorsky M - - 1996
Oral lichen planus (OLP) has a multiple-site involvement, with the buccal mucosa being the most prevalent. A possible relationship between OLP and the risk of malignancies in the involved site is documented. The characteristics of OLP have been studied in different populations; however, no similar studies have been conducted in ...
Saraiva P A - - 1996
Myasthenic gravis may affect both inspiratory and expiratory muscles. Respiratory involvement occurred in almost all patients with myasthenia gravis in all clinical forms of the disease: 332 lung function tests done in 324 myasthenic patients without respiratory symptoms (age 34.6 +/- 18.3 years) were examined. Lung volumes analysis showed that ...
Nicolaou S - - 1996
PURPOSE: To correlate computed tomographic (CT) appearance of the thymus with results from histologic examination of thymic tissue and clinical outcome in patients with generalized myasthenia gravis who underwent thymectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five patients with myasthenia gravis underwent CT of the thorax and thymectomy. Findings at clinical follow-up were ...
Sultana S R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine which patients with asymptomatic microscopic haematuria (AMH) should be investigated to exclude significant urological pathology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study comprised a prospective audit of a standard protocol for investigating all patients referred with haematuria over one year in a haematuria clinic in the urology department serving ...
Singh R V - - 1996
Dermatomyositis without myositis has been reported rarely and has been given several names such as dermatomyositis sine myositis and amyopathic dermatomyositis. We report a 19-year-old male patient with Gottron's papules and raised CPK level. The patient has been followed for 10 months and has not developed other features of myositis.
Anderson N E - - 1996
Two patients presented with abdominal pain, recurrent vomiting, weight loss, and constipation secondary to intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Both patients had symptoms and signs of myasthenia gravis, acetylcholine receptor antibodies, and thymoma. In one patient inflammatory cell infiltrates and occasional degenerate neurons were found in the myenteric plexus. The gastrointestinal symptoms resolved ...
Kupersmith M J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine if moderate-or low-dose corticosteroid therapy can reduce the diplopia and frequency of deterioration to generalized disease in ocular myasthenia gravis. DESIGN: Retrospective record review. SETTING: Two university-based neuro-ophthalmology services. PATIENTS: All 32 patients with ocular myasthenia gravis, treated with prednisone, followed up for a minimum of 2 ...
Kumamoto T - - 1996
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated associated clinicopathologic features of polymyositis (PM) patients with numerous tissue eosinophils. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 680 muscle biopsies were examined in our institution and eight were identified with greater than 0.3 eosinophils per square millimeter in the inflammatory infiltrate without concomitant peripheral eosinophilia. RESULTS: All eight patients had ...
Takahashi K - - 1996
The biological differences between lymphocytes separated from thymoma patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and those separated from thymoma patients without MG was examined. We investigated whether lymphocytes in thymoma (Th-L) of patients with and without MG could react to interleukin-2 (IL-2) to develop cytolytic activity against K562 and lympho kine-activated ...
Ito H - - 1996
We studied the densities of utrophin and dystrophin at the motor end-plates of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) using immunohistochemical analysis. The densities were compared with those found in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome and normal controls. Utrophin was reduced at the motor end-plates of MG patients, ...
van den Anker-Lugtenburg P J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Lymphoid cells may express somatostatin receptors (SS-Rs) on their cell surface. Therefore radiolabeled somatostatin analogues may be used to visualize SS-R-positive lymphoid neoplasms in vivo. Exact staging is the basis for treatment decisions in cutaneous malignant lymphoma. We considered the possibility that SS-R scintigraphy might offer a clinically useful ...
Sutherland C M - - 1996
The American College of Surgeons performed a patient care and evaluation study of malignant melanoma for years 1981 and 1987 to determine the presenting symptoms, methods of evaluation, clinical management, and disease outcome. Previous reports on malignant melanoma of the skin, mucous membrane, and eye have been published. This report ...
Ichimiya M - - 1996
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) frequencies in 67 melanoma patients were compared to 120 controls in Japan. The frequency of HLA-B13 was increased in melanoma patients compared to controls and was particularly common in nodular melanoma HLA-B61 was decreased in melanoma patients. Almost 50% of acral lentiginous melanoma patients expressed HLA-B51 ...
Kremer R - - 1996
PURPOSE: To determine whether parathyroid-hormone-related peptide (PTHRP) is an important pathogenetic mediator of hypercalcemia in patients with hematologic malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort analytic study in 76 consecutive patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, 14 of which were hypercalcemic. Thirty normal ...
Bastuji-Garin S - - 1996
Bullous pemphigoid is the most frequent autoimmune blistering disease. It occurs in the elderly. The cause of this disease is unknown, but cases of bullous pemphigoid have been occasionally attributed to drug therapy. We conducted a multicenter prospective case-control study looking at the drugs used on a long-term basis before ...
Singh Ravi
Dermatomyositis without myositis has been reported rarely and has been given several names such as dermatomyositis sine myositis and amyopathic dermatomyositis. We report a 19-year-old male patient with Gottron&#x2032;s papules and raised CPK level. The patient has been followed for 10 months and has not developed other features of myositis.
Sonka K - - 1996
Twenty-eight treated patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) (Osserman's scale: ocular form-12 cases, mild generalized form-5 cases, medium generalized form-10 cases, free of symptoms after thymectomy-1 case) were examined with MESAM4. Typical sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) patterns were observed in 12 subjects, mild saturation undulation without respiratory noises and without heart ...
Chang Y T - - 1996
We reviewed 86 cases of bullous pemphigoid and the results were compared with those reported in the literature. Seventy-eight per cent of the patients developed generalized blisters and 22% had localized blisters, including three cases of dyshidrosiform pemphigoid and one case of pretibial pemphigoid. Oral mucosal involvement was noticed in ...
van de Poel M H - - 1995
Patients with a monoclonal gammopathy without evidence of lymphoproliferative or plasma cell malignancy within a year are still at risk for malignant transformation to multiple myeloma, Waldenström's macroglobulinaemia or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In a prospective study performed at the Mayo Clinic, the cumulative incidence of malignant transformation was 29% in 14 ...
Nucci M - - 1995
We retrospectively studied 343 consecutive patients treated between 1979 and 1992. Ninety patients whose stool was not examined were excluded. Fifty-three patients with strongyloidiasis were compared with 200 controls with regard to outcomes and the following characteristics: age, sex, underlying disease, use of corticosteroids, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, pulmonary symptoms, ...
Islander G - - 1995
In vitro contracture test is still the most reliable method for diagnosing malignant hyperthermia susceptibility. In order to investigate the reliability of Malignant Hyperthermia Negative (MHN) results, a questionnaire was sent to 237 persons of whom 133 were consecutively investigated and found to be MHN, together with 104 of their ...
Argov Z - - 1995
LEMS is a presynaptic neuromuscular junction disorder typically associated with small cell lung carcinoma. The characteristic electrophysiological abnormality is a low amplitude compound muscle action potential that shows a marked increment after short maximal contraction or brief tetanic nerve stimulation. Here we describe 3 patients who had LEMS in association ...
Grønbaek K - - 1995
In order to obtain valid data on the pattern, frequency and prognostic significance of autoimmune derangements in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) we studied 626 consecutive adult NHL patients participating in a population-based lymphoma registry. A total of 86 patients, corresponding to 13.7%, showed autoimmune phenomena (AP). Of these, 7.8% exhibited clinical ...
Hayat G - - 1995
We sought to determine the efficacy of thymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). The roles of age, gender, age of onset of MG, acetylcholine receptor antibodies (AchR's) titers, and pathology of the thymus gland were evaluated. Twenty-one patients were analyzed retrospectively. Twenty patients belonged to Osserman Class IIA or ...
Christensen P B - - 1995
During a comprehensive epidemiological study of myasthenia gravis (MG) in Western Denmark 1975-1989, we analyzed the occurrence, clinical characteristics and prognosis of associated autoimmune diseases (AAD) in MG patients. AAD were found in 20 of 212 incident cases (9%) and in 30 of 220 prevalent cases (14%). The most common ...
Kamel O W - - 1995
The association between rheumatic disease and the occurrence of hematolymphoid neoplasms has been a subject of investigation for many years. Recently, we and others have reported the development in rheumatic patients of lymphoproliferative disorders that are similar to those occurring in patients with known immunocompromised states. The lymphoid neoplasms that ...
Batocchi A P - - 1995
Patients treated with interferon alfa can develop autoantibodies and autoimmune diseases. We describe two patients who developed myasthenia gravis with abnormal levels of serum anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies during interferon alfa-2b treatment for malignancies. One of these patients had myopathic findings on EMG and focal deficiency of cytochrome c oxidase on ...
Okada S - - 1995
Exophthalmos and thyrotropin-inhibitory immunoglobulin (TBII) were examined in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients with normal thyroid function. Exophthalmos was found in 7 of 31 (22.6%) MG patients, and TBII was detected in 4 of 21 (19.0%) MG patients. The grades of exophthalmos did not decrease after extraocular muscle weakness was improved ...
Andonopoulos A P - - 1994
Five patients out of 71 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who received D-penicillamine, developed myasthenia gravis (MG) within a two-year period. They all responded promptly to discontinuation of the drug and pyridostigmine administration. None of the patients had anti-Ro(SSA) antibodies or features of Sjögren's syndrome, whereas three of the five had ...
Fazaa B - - 1994
Previous clinical observations have indicated that the metastatic potential for thick malignant melanoma is lower for patients with xeroderma pigmentosum than for other patients. In a prospective study using computerized image analysis to measure the morphometric characteristics of nuclei in these neoplasms, we found that the nuclei of malignant melanoma ...
Eisen D - - 1994
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: The vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome is a variant of mucosal lichen planus characterized by erosions and desquamation of the vulva, vagina, and gingiva. The clinical features of patients initially evaluated for vulvitis who exhibited the additional features of this syndrome have been described in one previous study. In the ...
Kay R - - 1994
Myasthenia gravis was diagnosed in 48 patients between 1985 and 1991 in this Chinese community. Thymectomy was performed on 36 patients and the mean postoperative follow-up period was 49 months. Significant improvement was seen in 72% of the thymectomised patients, with 33% achieving complete remission. Patients with mild generalised myasthenia ...
Barton J J - - 1994
We measured saccadic peak velocities in 8 patients with myasthenia gravis, 9 patients with proven nonmyasthenic ocular palsies, and 3 controls. Patients followed a target moving to and from primary position at 1-second intervals for 8 minutes. We measured the amplitudes and velocities of centrifugal saccades at the start of ...
Kanwar A J - - 1994
The records of 10 patients who died with pemphigus have been examined for factors affecting and contributing to death. Early initiation of therapy, the age at onset of the disease, and the mode of administration of corticosteroids, conventional or in pulse form, did not affect the survival. The cutaneous involvement ...
Seideman P - - 1994
Myasthenia gravis may be observed due to treatment with penicillamine (D-PA). The sulphoxidation capacity was measured in nine Swedish patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who had developed myasthenia gravis toward D-PA. The results show that in eight of nine patients tested, this parameter was markedly reduced. A patient with poor ...
Hardman-Lea S - - 1994
The recognition of mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue as a distinct entity has lead to the separate classification of tumors arising in this tissue, ie, the mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Five patients with mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma of the conjunctiva are described herein; four of the five patients had bilateral tumors. Laboratory ...
Hohagen F - - 1994
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and treatment modalities of elderly practice attenders. A total of 330 patients aged over 65 years were investigated with a questionnaire in general practice. To assess insomnia, operationalized diagnostic criteria according to DSM-III-R were applied. Twenty-three percent of the elderly patients suffered from ...
Prior A J - - 1994
We report myasthenia gravis presenting as dysphagia of acute onset in a 56-year-old female who had no other stigmata of the disease and who was generally well despite rheumatoid arthritis and hypothyroidism. She recovered respiratory function following a general anaesthetic for oesophagoscopy only when antimyasthenic treatment was instituted. She remains ...
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