Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 710
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Dunsire M F - - 2001
Myasthenia gravis is an uncommon autoimmune disease resulting in destruction of the postsynaptic nicotinic receptors at the neuromuscular junction. We describe a 43-yr-old, 95 kg patient who presented for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. She was given vecuronium 10 mg to facilitate tracheal intubation. At the end of the procedure the patient ...
Chen Y J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: An association between dermatomyositis (DM)/polymyositis (PM) and malignancies has been widely reported in the literature. The validity of extensive evaluation for malignancies in those patients has also been questioned for decades. Only limited papers regarding the signs of malignancy and the prognostic factors in DM/PM have been reported. OBJECTIVES: ...
Mowzoon N - - 2001
We report favorable results of the long term use of mycophenolate in the treatment of three patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), two patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), one patient with secondary polymyositis (PM), and one patient with inclusion body myositis (IBM). Side effects were mild. Mycophenolate appears to ...
Lee J K - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess the use of Tc-99m tetrofosmin (Tc-TF) scintigraphy for detecting malignant lymphomas. In the study, before any chemotherapy, 50 patients with malignant lymphoma underwent Tc-TF scintigraphy, which was performed 10 minutes after intravenous injection of 20 mCt Tc-TF. Tc-TF scintigraphy detected malignant lymphoma ...
Chiossi M P - - 2001
Endemic Pemphigus Foliaceus (EPF) is a bullous autoimmune skin disease whose incidence used to be high in the State of São Paulo (SP), Brazil, during the forties, but has declined thereafter. OBJECTIVES: to report a series of EPF patients from the northeastern region of SP. METHODS: a retrospective study concerning ...
Mao V H - - 2001
Myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction, is usually recognized because of ocular complaints or generalized weakness. We report a series of 40 patients who presented with dysphonia as their initial and primary complaint. Diagnostic testing included strobovideolaryngoscopy, electromyography (EMG) with repetitive stimulation and Tensilon testing, and laboratory ...
Foss F M - - 2001
DAB(389)IL-2 (denileukin diftitox, ONTAK) is a cytokine-targeted fusion protein that delivers the catalytic domain of diphtheria toxin to lymphoma cells expressing the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R). In phase I and phase III studies of DAB(389)IL-2 in patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and Hodgkin's disease in which premedications were ...
Sinha A - - 2001
A patient who was suffering an exacerbation of myasthenia gravis dislocated her elbow. She underwent closed reduction of the dislocation under vertical infraclavicular brachial plexus blockade. The technique was successful but was associated with a 29% decrease in forced vital capacity, from 1.7 l to 1.2 l. The patient did ...
Davenport S - - 2001
A retrospective study was conducted on all cases of pemphigus vulgaris occurring on oral mucosal surfaces in the files of the Oral Pathology Laboratory at Temple University from 1974 to 1996. A total of 35 biopsies from 33 patients were reviewed, 25 female and eight male. Patient ages ranged from ...
Schneidewind J M - - 2001
Eight years ago four patients suffering from myasthenia gravis (MG) type C and E according to Compston with failed drug therapy were treated three times (one patient 11 times) by protein A immunoabsorption (Immunosorba, Excorim, Fresenius Hemocare GmbH, StWendel, Germany). No further immunoabsorption treatments have been carried out. In addition, ...
Sami N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus and pemphigoid are two distinct groups of autoimmune blistering diseases. There are many reports of the simultaneous presence of clinical and serological features of both diseases in the same patient. OBJECTIVE: This study is a retrospective review of the present literature on reports of patients with features of ...
Téllez-Zenteno J F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To identify the response to thymectomy and the factors associated with a poor response, a nested case-control study was performed on 132 patients with an established diagnosis of myasthenia gravis who had had a thymectomy between 1987 and 1997 and had been followed up for at least 3 years. ...
Ishpekova B - - 2001
Myasthenia-like symptoms and Eaton-Lambert myasthenic syndrome have been reported in patients with polymyositis. On the other hand, the muscular involvement in myasthenic patients is well established. Thus difficulties in the differentiation of patients with polymyositis and myasthenic syndrome and myasthenia with myopathy may arise. The aim of this investigation was ...
Roy A - - 2000
This study was undertaken to compare the clinical, neurophysiological, radiological and prognostic features of myasthenia gravis with and without thymoma. 37 patients with myasthenia gravis (27 males, 10 females), with age range of 4.5 to 72 (mean 39) years, were managed at a tertiary care centre in India. Four patients ...
Kojima H - - 2000
We analyzed the clinicopathological features of 5 Japanese patients with CD56+ primary cutaneous lymphomas (3 men and 2 women aged 25 to 73 years). Except for 1 patient in whom bone marrow involvement was simultaneously observed, all patients presented with cutaneous lesions. Based on their Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status, we ...
Hayat G R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Neuromyotonia (NMT) has been postulated to be an autoimmune channelopathy, probably by affecting voltage gated potassium channels (VGKC) leading to excitation and abnormal discharges [Sinha et al., Lancet 338 (1991) 75]. OBJECTIVE: To report three patients with NMT who had other associated immune-mediated conditions, i.e., myasthenia gravis, thymoma and ...
Itoh H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In most publications about myasthenia, monitoring neuromuscular blockade during anesthesia is recommended. In healthy patients, the relation of blockade between muscles has been established, but there is little information about the relation in myasthenic patients. Our objective was to investigate whether the relation between the orbicularis oculi and adductor ...
Weijnen F G - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to study tongue force in patients with bulbar myasthenia gravis and compare it with that of patients with ocular myasthenia gravis, patients in clinical remission who previously suffered from bulbar myasthenia gravis, and healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Tongue force was measured with a tongue force ...
Ozog D M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressive medications typically used to treat the immunobullous disorders pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigus foliaceous, and bullous pemphigoid can have serious adverse effects. The tetracycline family of antibiotic drugs has been shown to be effective in the treatment of these conditions with a more favorable side effect profile. Minocycline hydrochloride use ...
Bhattacharya M - - 2000
Clinical and epidemiological data from 232 patients with lichen planus is presented. Lichen planus constituted 0.38% of the total dermatology, outpatients diagnosed. The patient ages ranged from 8 to 76 years, most being in the age range from 20 to 49 years. Duration of disease varied from 1 month to ...
Balint B - - 2000
During the last twenty-year period therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) was used in the treatment of 68 patients with myasthenia gravis and 61 patients with multiple sclerosis. The therapeutic effects were evaluated on the basis of neurologic deficit changes, electrophysiological findings, necessary laboratory analyses and patient's general conditions. It was shown ...
Mann R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The most sensitive diagnostic criterion of myasthenia gravis is a decrement in the muscular response to repetitive stimulation. The authors hypothesized that myasthenia gravis patients who show a train-of-four ratio (T4/T1) < 0.9 in the preanesthetic period will have increased sensitivity to nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents compared with myasthenia ...
Mollaoglu N - - 2000
Oral lichen planus is a disease that can persist in some patients for a long time. The buccal mucosa, tongue and gingiva are the most common sites, whereas palatal lesions are uncommon. Oral lichen planus affects women more often than men in a ratio of 2:3. It can present in ...
Mathai A - - 2000
In this study, circulating immune complexes (CICs) were isolated and characterized in the sera of myasthenia gravis (MG) patients with thymoma and MG patients without any thymic lesions. High titres of antistriational antibodies in the CICs were demonstrated by an indirect immunofluorescence (IF) method in 60 per cent (15/25) MG ...
Yoshino T - - 2000
The incidence of indolent lymphomas in the lymph nodes and extranodal regions is quite different. Follicular lymphoma (FL) is most common in the nodes, and it seems to be least common in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, where mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma arises most frequently. The authors report that the incidence ...
Jenkins C A - - 2000
Because of their variety of uses, corticosteroids are frequently prescribed in advanced cancer patients. Two patients who developed neuropsychiatric complications on corticosteroids and their subsequent management are described. The first patient, who had a known history of steroid-induced psychotic depression, required corticosteroids to treat recurrent brain edema from a malignant ...
Pautas E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are uncommon idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). Little is known about these diseases in the elderly. We attempted to define the characteristics of PM/DM in the elderly by a case-control study involving the retrospective review of medical files of PM/DM patients. METHODS: We drew from ...
Snoeck M M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane, a potent inhalational anaesthetic agent that is structurally similar to halothane, has some favourable characteristics, but may also be able to trigger malignant hyperthermia (MH) in susceptible patients. The diagnosis of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility relies on the in vitro contracture test on skeletal muscle. The present study was ...
Weijnen F G - - 2000
Many patients with myasthenia gravis who experience bulbar symptoms show a vertical smile, which may have a considerable, and often underestimated, impact on social life. Peri-oral muscle function can be quantified by calculating lip-length and snout indices, which indicate the degree to which a person is capable of smiling and ...
Fraser G L - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency, duration, severity, and treatment of agitation in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) to determine if the elderly represent a distinct population. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study SETTING: Tertiary care, 10-bed, multidisciplinary ICU. PATIENTS: All patients older than 18 years of age admitted for ...
Kao Y F - - 1999
Two patients sought treatment for bilateral fatigable ptosis; one patient had a hematoma, and the other patient had an intracranial metastasis. Compression of the central caudal nucleus in the dorsal midbrain is proposed as the cause of this ptosis, and an alteration of central acetylcholine neurotransmission may contribute to ocular ...
Lepore F E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To determine the causes, clinical characteristics, and localizing value of divergence paresis, which is characterized by acquired and uncrossed diplopia when viewing distant targets, fusion when viewing near targets, and no limitation of ocular ductions. Controversy persists regarding the diseases underlying divergence paresis and the existence of a divergence ...
Nachtigal D - - 1999
PURPOSE: To ascertain the characteristics unique to malignant schneiderian papilloma (MSP). METHODS: A case-control study of all schneiderian papilloma (SP) patients treated between 1978 and 1997 was conducted. Comparison was made between patients with MSP and patients with benign SP (BSP). RESULTS: A diagnosis of SP was made in 72 ...
Schneidewind J M - - 1999
Six years ago 4 patients suffering from myasthenia gravis (MG) types C and E according to Compston with failed drug therapy were initially treated 3 times (1 patient, a total of 11 times) by protein A immunoadsorption (Immunosorba, Excorim AB, Lund, Sweden). No further immunoadsorption treatments have been carried out. ...
Lishner M - - 1999
The clinical significance and implications of absence of alopecia and/or neutropenia in patients treated with chemotherapy for malignant disease is unknown. We hypothesized that there is a common mechanism of resistance to the effects and the adverse effects of anticancer treatment, which may have clinical implications. To evaluate this hypothesis, ...
Moon J S - - 1999
The Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) heralds the occurrence of malignancy, especially small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), but it can also occur in the absence of cancer. Twelve patients were diagnosed as LEMS by clinical features and the classical electrophysiological triad, which includes a low amplitude of compound muscle action potentials (CMAP), ...
Wang H H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) is a rare skin disease with malignant potential. The long term outcomes of patients with this disease have not been adequately assessed. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with biopsy-proven LyP and 67 controls matched for age, gender, and race were followed prospectively from 1988 to 1996. Reported malignancies ...
Kapinas K - - 1999
We studied the significance of age as a factor affecting prognosis and anti-AChR antibody levels in myasthenia gravis, comparing patients with symptom onset before 50 (37 patients) and at or after 50 (33 patients). More of the older patients, compared to younger ones (69.9&#x0025; versus 32.4&#x0025;,p&#x003C;0. 05) progressed to severe ...
Bohn J - - 1999
We describe two patients with severe oral cicatricial pemphigoid, one of whom also had severe pharyngeal involvement. Both patients were resistant to treatment with corticosteroids and other standard immunosuppressive therapies. Plasma exchange alone proved to be only temporarily effective, but the combination of plasma exchange with subsequent cyclophosphamide resulted in ...
Baraka A - - 1999
PURPOSE: The report investigates cisatracurium neuromuscular block in a myasthenic patient undergoing thymectomy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A myasthenic patient (Osserman II B) was prepared preoperatively with 240 mg x day(-1) pyridostigmine. The neuromuscular block produced by 0.05 mg x kg(-1) cisatracurium was monitored by Datex electromyography. The electromyographic response was compared ...
Rini B I - - 1999
Although most patients with thymoma present with a mediastinal mass amenable to surgical resection, some patients develop metastatic disease requiring systemic therapy. The majority of thymomas express somatostatin receptors as demonstrated by octreotide scanning, an observation which has prompted the clinical use of octreotide in patients with this disease. Many ...
Lisak RP - - 1999
The treatment of patients with myasthenia gravis should be individualized according to the extent (ocular versus generalized) and severity (mild to severe) of disease, the presence or absence of concomitant disease (including but not limited to other autoimmune diseases and thymoma), and, to a lesser degree, the age of the ...
Batra Y K - - 1999
Myasthenic gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease associated with acetylcholine receptor deficiency. Patients with MG exhibit increased sensitivity to non-depolarising muscle relaxants. In an attempt to avoid neuromuscular blockers, we used sevoflurane in two myasthenic patients undergoing trans-sternal thymectomy. Inhalation of 8% sevoflurane in oxygen using vital capacity technique produced ...
Yamaguchi M - - 1999
To determine the clinical significance of CD5 expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL) without a clinical history of low-grade B-cell lymphoma, we have reviewed the clinical features and therapeutic outcome of 25 patients with de novo CD5-positive DLBL, and compared the results with those of 87 patients with CD5-negative ...
Harman K E - - 1999
High-dose intravenous immune globulin (IVIG) is used to treat a wide variety of autoimmune diseases. We report our experiences of its use in a retrospective study of 14 patients with autoimmune blistering diseases, namely epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA), two; bullous pemphigoid (BP), two; pemphigoid gestationis (PG), one; nodular pemphigoid, two; ...
Murphy R C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT), known to have an inherent increased susceptibility to the development of cancer, may present with malignancies that are unusual for the patient's age, are often difficult to diagnose clinically and radiographically and respond poorly to conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical ...
McCoy A L - - 1999
Dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and inclusion body myositis are rare illnesses which appear to be distinct in clinical and pathologic features, pathogenesis, natural history, and response to therapy. We report two patients who first developed dermatomyositis, and then, after a disease-free interval of many years, developed inclusion body myositis. This may have ...
Shpilberg O - - 1999
Familial aggregation of nonhematological malignant disorders (NHMD) was compared in 189 families of patients with hematological neoplasms (HN) with a control group of 36 families of patients with benign hematological disorders and a second group of 33 families of patients with diabetes mellitus. A self-administered questionnaire was used requesting from ...
Scully C - - 1999
Perhaps surprisingly, the manifestations and management of patients with pemphigus vulgaris and oral lesions have been detailed only infrequently. The present study has examined the clinical features, diagnosis and management of a cohort of 55 patients, including three adolescents, with pemphigus vulgaris predominantly affecting the oral mucosa. There was about ...
Evoli A - - 1998
Juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) with prepubertal onset is an uncommon disease. We studied 19 patients with age at onset ranging from 1.5 to 9.2 years and compared their clinical characteristics and response to therapy with 114 cases with MG onset after the prepubertal age, up to 20 years. Neither sex ...
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