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Results 251 - 300 of 669
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Gergely L - - 2005
Autoantibodies are found at higher frequency in malignant lymphoproliferative diseases and also the association of these diseases with autoimmunity is documented. However precise mechanisms are not yet understood beyond these findings. We measured anti-extractable nuclear antigen (ENA) antibodies in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients before, during and after chemotherapy and compared these ...
Hohenstein Maribeth - - 2005
Follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is an indolent, or slow-growing, malignant disease of the lymphoid tissue, which usually responds to initial therapy. However, the disease is characterized by multiple relapses and remissions, eventually causing death. Several effective therapies are available, but improvement of overall survival in patients with follicular NHL has ...
Heir,Hans Tore
Professor Finn Wisløff (et.al) at Ullevål Universitetssykehus started in 1984 a comprehensive study on multiple myeloma in a particular health region in Norway ( Myelomatoseprosjektet i helseregion I). All patients with a newly discovered M-component were registered during the period 1984-1986 and the patients with multiple myeloma were followed up ...
Rowin J - - 2004
The authors report a prospective pilot trial of etanercept in corticosteroid-dependent autoimmune myasthenia gravis. Eleven patients were enrolled, with eight completing the 6-month trial. Two patients were withdrawn owing to disease worsening, and one patient was withdrawn because of an erythematous skin rash. Six of the eight patients who completed ...
Soleimani Ali - - 2004
Myasthenic crisis is the most serious life-threatening event in generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term impact of thymectomy on rate and severity of these attacks in Iranian patients. We reviewed the clinical records from 272 myasthenic patients diagnosed and treated in ...
Zieliński M M Department of Thoracic Surgery, Pulmonary Hospital, ul. Gładkie 1, 34-500 Zakopane, Poland. - - 2004
The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of extended rethymectomy in patients with myasthenia gravis. Additionally, an original technique of resternotomy is described. Extended rethymectomy was performed on 21 patients with refractory myastenic symptoms after a previous transsternal thymectomy. In 8 patients the original video-assisted technique of ...
von Breunig Franziska - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that malignant hyperthermia (MH) can be diagnosed by specific myopathologic alterations. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there are characteristic myopathologic changes in skeletal muscles of MH-susceptible (MHS) compared with MH-normal (MHN) patients. METHODS: Four hundred forty patients with clinical suspicion of ...
Kojima Masaru - - 2004
To clarify the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of dermatopathic lymphadenopathy not associated with mycosis fungoides among Japanese, 19 patients were studied. Seventy-four percent of the patients were more than 50 years old (median; 63 years, mean 61 years). Systemic symptoms such as fever were recorded in 68% and multicentric lymphadenopathy ...
Nijsten Tamar - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) is a rare entity, considered to be part of the spectrum of the CD30(+) cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders. About 10% to 20% of the adult LyP patients will develop an associated lymphoid malignancy. Only a few cases of LyP have been described in children, and the risk ...
Gadour Mohammed
<i>Background: </i> Upper gastrointestinal malignancy occurs in variable frequencies among different populations and there is an increasing epidemiological data in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. <i> Aim of the Study: </i> To determine the frequency of upper gastrointestinal malignancy in an endoscopic population in Gizan. <i> Patients and Methods: A ...
Gadour Mohammed Osman - - 2004
Background: Upper gastrointestinal malignancy occurs in variable frequencies among different populations and there is an increasing epidemiological data in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Aim of the Study: To determine the frequency of upper gastrointestinal malignancy in an endoscopic population in Gizan. Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 63 ...
Fernández-Mestre Mercedes T - - 2004
Oligotyping performed among ethnically mixed Venezuelan patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and controls has revealed positive associations of HLA class I A*31, B*08, B*39, B*40, C*15, C*17, and class II DRB1*09 and negative associations of DQB1*06 and DQA1*02 with the disease. Sequential removal of human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B) alleles ...
Gorsky Meir - - 2004
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is one of the most common dermatologic diseases that manifests in the oral cavity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between smoking habits and the clinical subtypes of OLP. Oral findings and smoking data from 187 charts of OLP patients from an ...
Dupuy Alain - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a severe antibody-mediated autoimmune blistering disease. Because some patients with PV do not enter into remission, despite the use of high-dose corticosteroid therapy and immunosuppressive adjuvant treatments, new effective and safer agents are warranted to treat refractory PV. Rituximab, a monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody, induces depletion ...
Suzuki Shigeaki - - 2003
Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) is well known to be concomitant with myasthenia gravis (MG), but it is difficult to predict the development of PRCA in patients with MG. Of 135 patients with MG, four (2.9%) had PRCA. All patients developed PRCA after thymectomy during a period when MG was ...
El-Agroudy Amgad E - - 2003
The prevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) after renal transplantation varies greatly depending on geographic and ethnic backgrounds. Out of 1400 live-donor kidney transplantation, 50 patients developed malignancy in our center. Kaposi's sarcoma was diagnosed in 24 patients (48%). Twenty patients were males and the main age of the patients was ...
Wakata Nobuo - - 2003
Tacrolimus hydrate (FK506) reduces myasthenic symptoms due to its immunosuppressive properties. We studied the therapeutic effects of FK506 and noted improvement in 7 of 13 myasthenic patients on the clinical muscle test (myasthenia gravis, MG score). Two other patients with relapsing ocular symptoms improved. We also examined patient sensitivity to ...
Oddis Chester V - - 2003
Inflammatory myopathies encompass a variety of syndromes with protean manifestations. Although the mainstay of therapy continues to include corticosteroids, there are a multitude of agents available for treating patients with myositis. These include many different immunosuppressive agents alone or in combination with each other, as well as an increasing array ...
Meriggioli M N - - 2003
The authors report a retrospective analysis of the use of mycophenolate mofetil (MyM) in 85 patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis. The Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) postintervention status (PIS) was used to characterize the treatment response in each patient. Sixty-two patients (73%) achieved a PIS status indicating improvement. Quantitative ...
Warr R P - - 2003
A number of authors have reported the detection of tyrosinase mRNA in the peripheral blood of patients with malignant melanoma using the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The precise value of this assay as a prognostic tool, however, remains in doubt. This is particularly so with relation to localised ...
Adegboye V O - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine clinical features, anatomic location and histological types of primary mediastinal masses diagnosed and treated in a black African population. DESIGN: A retrospective study of clinical data collected from patients case notes, the cardiothoracic unit's and pathology records between June 1975 and May 1999. SETTING: University College Hospital, ...
Briemberg Hannah R. - - 2003
Dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) are idiopathic inflammatory myopathies characterized by proximal greater than distal muscle weakness, elevated serum creatine kinase levels, electrophysiologic abnormalities, and inflammation on muscle biopsy. Clinically and electrophysiologically, DM and PM appear very similar, and muscle biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis. Much of the ...
van der Meulen M F G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: According to widely used criteria (Bohan and Peter criteria, 1975), dermatomyositis (DM) is differentiated from polymyositis (PM) only by skin changes. More recent criteria also include histopathologic characteristics enabling the distinction between PM and DM and the differentiation of sporadic inclusion body myositis (s-IBM) from PM. The authors investigated ...
Hauben E I - - 2003
The overall incidence of osteosarcoma is low. However, the occurrence of osteosarcoma in a setting of multiple primary tumours is not infrequent, although population-based incidence numbers are unknown. The occurrence of osteosarcoma and other malignancies is frequently related to treatment, and can also be the result of genetic predisposition as ...
Thorne Jennifer E - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and immunopathologic features and the response to therapy in a series of six patients with cicatrizing conjunctivitis due to lichen planus. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: All six patients were seen in an ocular pemphigoid clinic. Clinical, immunopathologic, and serologic features were evaluated and therapeutic ...
Carro-Jiménez Eric J - - 2003
Different studies on the course of bullous pemphigoid have suggested that there may be significant variations in the survival of these patients based on their ethnicity or region of origin. Because of the lack of studies on patients with bullous pemphigoid in the Caribbean, specifically in Puerto Rico, a retrospective ...
Welsh James S - - 2003
The presence of five discrete synchronous or metachronous primary neoplasms in a single patient is an extremely rare event. This is a report of a patient with a malignant (invasive) thymoma and four other independent primary neoplasms including: gliosarcoma, papillary thyroid cancer, meningioma and metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon, found ...
Evoli Amelia - - 2003
The term seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG) refers to the generalized disease without detectable anti-acetylcholine receptor (anti-AChR) antibodies. In these patients, IgG antibodies against the muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) have been described, which reduced agrin-induced AChR clustering in vitro. We have assayed anti-MuSK antibodies in 78 patients with SNMG, who have been ...
Wohl Yonit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Despite the high incidence of pemphigus in the Jewish population, data on the epidemiology and etiology of the disease in Israel are sparse. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to identify clinical and epidemiologic features of pemphigus patients in Israel, while searching for risk factors that induce or exacerbate the ...
Wirtz Paul W - - 2003
We studied the epidemiology of myasthenia gravis (MG) and the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS), and their association with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and thymoma, in a well defined region of the Netherlands. Available data on all the patients with MG, LEMS, thymoma or SCLC living between 1 January 1990 ...
Mori Takeshi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia without muscle relaxants has been reported to be effective for early extubation after thymectomy, but postoperative respiratory status of the patients has not been studied intensively. METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients undergoing thymectomies for myasthenia gravis (MG) were evaluated. RESULTS: Forty-two (81%) of the 52 patients were extubated in ...
Lo Y L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate repetitive stimulation of the long thoracic nerve as a reliable and technically undemanding method for evaluating respiratory muscle function in myasthenia gravis. METHODS: 15 patients with myasthenia gravis and positive single fibre electromyography had repetitive stimulation of the long thoracic nerve together with serratus anterior recordings. There ...
Kupersmith Mark J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Generalized myasthenia gravis will develop in more than 50% of patients who present with ocular myasthenia gravis, typically within 2 years. The optimal treatment of ocular myasthenia gravis, including the use of corticosteroids, remains controversial. In addition, the prevalence of thymoma and the optimal performance of the edrophonium chloride ...
Utsugisawa Kimiaki - - 2003
We examined interleukin-2 (IL-2) production by phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMs) from 75 untreated myasthenia gravis (MG) patients and 48 control patients. Patients with MG consisted of those with elevated PBM IL-2 production (>1,250 pg/ml; mean + 2SD of the controls) (n = 29, 39%) and those with ...
Brown Holly A - - 2002
Since the original descriptions of follicular mucinosis, accumulating experience shows that patient age, distribution of lesions, and duration or extent of disease do not reliably distinguish benign primary follicular mucinosis from secondary follicular mucinosis, associated with cutaneous lymphoma. More recently, it has been suggested that individuals with follicular mucinosis demonstrating ...
Ljubojević S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with a high mortality if left untreated. OBJECTIVE: We present a retrospective analysis of 159 patients with pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus vegetans who were admitted to the Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Zagreb University Hospital Center ...
Mönig H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients with an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) are often suspected of having malignant disease and are subjected to extensive investigations. Thus, the finding of an elevated ESR can result in considerable costs and might even be dangerous for the patient if invasive studies are ordered. OBJECTIVES: Our aims ...
Bernardini Francesco P - - 2002
The charts of 10 patients affected by myogenic ptosis who underwent surgical correction by means of a frontalis suspension sling using a silicone rod were reviewed. The patients included in the study were affected by ptosis secondary to myasthenia gravis (MG), chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO) or mitochondrial myopathy (MM). ...
Kalb B - - 2002
A regional database of myasthenia gravis (MG) patients was used to estimate the prevalence and selected characteristics of the disease in the county of Stockholm, Sweden. The prevalence of MG was 14.1/100,000 (17.1 for women and 10.8 for men). The mean age at onset for women and men was 34.9 ...
De Haes Ann - - 2002
Patients with myasthenia gravis are more sensitive than healthy patients to nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drugs. We performed a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling study of rocuronium in eight myasthenic patients and eight matched control patients. Patients were anesthetized with propofol and sufentanil and a mixture of nitrous oxide/oxygen. Mechanomyographical monitoring of the adductor ...
Tonami Hisao - - 2002
We describe five cases of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in patients with Sjögren's syndrome with emphasis on the initial and follow-up imaging features. In three patients, the lymphoma initially arose in the salivary gland, and in two patients, the ocular adnexa. Two patients received no treatment but did have ...
Bezold G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Shingles are caused by an endogenous or exogenous reinfection with varicella zoster virus (VZV). Up to 50% of individuals with Hodgkin's disease develop herpes zoster; however, no association could be shown between the occurrence of herpes zoster and underlying subclinical malignancies. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate whether ...
Hirschfeld Robert M A - - 2002
Patients who have failed previous antidepressant treatment present substantial clinical management challenges. Similarly, elderly patients require special attention. Three recent studies have shown that mirtazapine has a role to play in the management of these patients. Mirtazapine has proved effective in the treatment of patients who were resistant or intolerant ...
Weijnen F G - - 2002
Masticatory muscle electromyograms (EMGs) were recorded while patients with bulbar myasthenia gravis chewed artificial food and compared with those of patients with ocular myasthenia gravis, patients in clinical remission who had previously suffered from bulbar myasthenia gravis and healthy individuals. Masticatory performance and EMGs were significantly smaller in the bulbar ...
Ferrero B - - 2002
IVIg is a safe and effective adjunctive treatment for myasthenia gravis, but there are no well established guidelines for the use of IVIg in this disease, lacking controlled randomized trials to assess its efficacy in homogeneous group of patients. The main advantages of IVIg are the rapid onset of the ...
de la Fuente Hortensia - - 2002
A small but significant fraction of pemphigus patients do not show an adequate response to steroid therapy. P-glycoprotein (or P-gp) is a cell membrane efflux pump that expels drugs, including glucocorticoids, from the cytosol to the extracellular medium. An increased expression and/or function of P-glycoprotein in lymphoid cells could decrease ...
Kostera-Pruszczyk A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 50% of patients treated with thymectomy have a chance for symptom-free life. However, immunological and neurophysiological abnormalities may be detected in patients with clinical remission. Although improvement usually parallels decrease in acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChRAb) levels and jitter values, there is a question what factors influence immunological and ...
Apter Sara - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Calcification in lymphoma occurring before therapy is rare. We assessed the prevalence, CT features, and clinical significance of calcification in nodes and masses in patients with lymphoma occurring before therapy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: CT of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis of 956 newly diagnosed patients with lymphoma was evaluated ...
el-Azhary Rokea A - - 2002
Criteria for diagnosis of amyopathic dermatomyositis vary, and the prognosis is not clear. Our purpose was to investigate prognosis regarding progression to myositis and associated malignancy. We reviewed the medical records of patients with dermatomyositis evaluated at our institution from 1976 to 1994. Of 746 patients with dermatomyositis, 37 (5%) ...
Abba Abdullah A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinicopathological features of patients admitted to adult wards with a primary presenting feature of lymphadenopathy. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients admitted to Riyadh Medical Complex, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between April 1996 through to March 2000. RESULTS: The patients mean age was 35.2 ...
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