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Sersté Thomas - - 2011
In patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites the role of beta-blockers in the development of paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of PICD before and after discontinuation of beta-blockers in patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. A self control cross-over ...
Toyoda Hidenori - - 2011
The lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-L3) has been used as a diagnostic and prognostic marker of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The analytical sensitivity of a conventional method for AFP-L3% is not sufficient in patients with low AFP level. This study was performed to determine the clinical utility of newly ...
Athimulam Shobana - - 2011
An older woman presented to the hospital with abdominal pain and subsequently had three episodes of melaena, requiring blood transfusions. She was known to suffer with severe depression and was on high-dose fluoxetine. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy failed to reveal an underlying cause for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Possibility of high-dose selective ...
Saif Muhammad W - - 2011
Sorafenib is an oral angiogenetic multikinase inhibitor approved in the treatment of renal and hepatocellular carcinoma. Bleeding and venous thrombotic events have been described with angiogenetic agents but cerebrovascular accidents are rarely reported. We report two cases of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who developed a cerebrovascular accident while on sorafenib. ...
Hwynn Nelson - - 2011
Background. Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) may be more debilitating than motor symptoms. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency and corecognition of NMS among our advanced PD cohort (patients considered for deep brain stimulation (DBS)) and caregivers. Methods. NMS-Questionnaire (NMS-Q), a self-administered screening questionnaire, ...
Chang Xiaotian - - 2011
Increased bone resorption and new bone information are two characteristics of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Much evidence has shown that carbonic anhydrase inhibitors can restrain bone resorption. We had detected increased expression of carbonic anhydrase I (CA1) in synovium of patients with AS. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and ...
Guaricci Andrea I - - 2012
Heart rate (HR) reduction is essential to achieve optimal image quality and diagnostic accuracy with computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA). Administration of ivabradine could be an attractive alternative to beta-blockade to reduce HR. One-hundred-twenty-three patients referred for CTCA were prospectively enrolled. Patients were divided in two groups depending on the ...
Blum Stefan - - 2011
Background Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction. Rituximab (RTX), a monoclonal antibody to CD20, leads to B lymphocyte depletion and has been used in some autoimmune disorders, including small case series of myasthenia gravis patients. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed of all patients with acetylcholine ...
Singla Smit - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients frequently have an "enlarged thymus" incidentally identified on imaging. We sought to determine whether thymectomy is appropriate in patients with diffusely enlarged thymus glands. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients undergoing thymectomy without myasthenia gravis at 1 institution over 15 years. RESULTS: Of 117 patients undergoing ...
Moran Cesar A - - 2010
We report 41 cases of invasive spindle cell thymomas (World Health Organization type A). The patients were 16 women and 25 men between the ages of 38 and 80 years. Clinically, the patients had diverse symptomatology, including chest pain, cough, and dyspnea. None of the patients had a history of ...
Dasanu Constantin A - - 2010
Inherited alpha-thalassemia genotypes have been shown to have a rather high prevalence in some patient populations of African heritage. These genotypes lead to mild anemia with microcytic indices and a normal hemoglobin electrophoresis. In our outpatient department, we analyzed 54 consecutive patients of African descent with longstanding microcytic anemia, but ...
Azuma Kohei - - 2011
The aim of this study was to define the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of malignancy and the potential risk factors of concomitant malignancies in patients with inflammatory myopathies, including clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM). A total of 145 patients diagnosed with either dermatomyositis/polymyositis (DM/PM) or CADM at our institute between 1984 ...
Vincent Angela - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis is the best known autoimmune disease associated with thymomas, but other conditions can be found in patients with thymic tumors, including some that affect the central nervous system (CNS). We have become particularly interested in patients who have acquired neuromyotonia, the rare Morvan disease, or limbic encephalitis. Neuromyotonia ...
Citak Funda Erkasar - - 2011
Despite the presence of reports on correlation between major congenital defects and cancer, very few studies have investigated the frequency of minor anomalies in childhood malignancy. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of minor anomalies in children with hematological malignancy. A total of 62 well-defined minor ...
Troch Marlene - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: In constrast to its gastric counterpart, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the parotid gland has not been studied extensively. We analyzed the clinicopathological features and the clinical course of all patients with parotid gland MALT lymphoma diagnosed and treated at our institution. METHODS.: Patient characteristics including an underlying ...
Chan K H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a serious idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disorder characterized by acute transverse myelitis and optic neuritis. A significant proportion of NMO patients are seropositive for NMO-IgG, an autoantibody targeting aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channel. Paraneoplastic NMO associated various tumors were recently reported. AIM: We studied the expression of ...
Verdecchia Paolo - - 2010
Out of 100 patients with osteoarthritis (OA), almost 40 have a concomitant diagnosis of hypertension. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors may trigger a rise in blood pressure (BP), which is more marked in patients with established hypertension. NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors attenuate the antihypertensive effect of several ...
Pruitt Joseph A - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease that affects the voluntary skeletal muscles. It is characterized by transient weakness of the muscles that improves with rest. Muscle weakness involving the eyes can produce signs or symptoms of diplopia, blurred vision, ptosis, and ophthalmoplegia. Ptosis is defined as an abnormal eyelid ...
Shiohara Junko - - 2010
Pemphigus and pemphigoid are different types of autoimmune bullous disease and can occur in the same patient. We report a female patient with this condition. At first, we diagnosed her with bullous pemphigoid, and we treated her with tetracycline, niacinamide and a topical steroid. Tense bullas disappeared shortly after that, ...
Herrero-González Josep E - - 2010
There has been no previous clinical-immunological study of pemphigus in Spain. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of pemphigus patients who had been followed for a period of 18 years in our centre. We characterized the autoantibody response, compared diagnostic assays and correlated the immunobiological ...
Bai Yu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients with dyspepsia with alarm features are suspected of having upper gastrointestinal (GI) malignancy; however, the true value of alarm features in predicting an underlying malignancy for patients with dyspepsia with high background prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and upper GI malignancy is uncertain. The aim of the present ...
Suhail Hamid - - 2010
Autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is a disorder of neuromuscular junction. Possible role of multiple genes in the development of the MG has been documented. This case-control study, studied the association of apolipoprotein E (Apo-E) alleles with MG. Anti-AChR antibody was measured using radio receptor immunoassay. Apo-E genotypes were analyzed in ...
Bermejo-Fenoll A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the clinicopathological characteristics of a group of patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) in south-eastern Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was made of 550 patients clinically and histopathologically diagnosed with OLP in the period 1991-2007. Patient gender, age, the prevalence of hepatitis C, ...
Bajaj Doulat Rai DR Department of Dermatology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro. - - 2010
To evaluate the clinical characteristics, predisposing/aggravating factors and malignant potential of oral lichen planus (OLP). Case series. Department of Dermatology and Oral Pathology, Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad, from January 2006 to November 2007. Patients of either gender aged above 12 years, fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for OLP were enrolled for ...
Kim Sae Woong - - 2010
We performed this study in order to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of urolithiasis in patients with malignant hematologic diseases. Nine hundred one patients who underwent medical treatment for malignant hematologic disease and 40,543 patients who visited the emergency room and without malignant hematologic diseases were included in our study. ...
Suhail Hamid - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a disorder of neuromuscular junction associated with presence of antibodies against nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Here, we compared the clinical and serological profile of seropositive myasthenia gravis (SPMG) and seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG) patients. Anti-AChR antibody was measured using radio receptor immunoassay and correlated with clinical ...
Sugawara Masashiro - - 2010
We examined transversely the thymus of 33 myasthenia gravis (MG) patients followed up for more than 5 years and found three thymomas. One was found 21 years after thymoma resection (Masaoka I, WHO Type B2 thymoma) and extended thymectomy. The other two were non-thymomatous at onset, and they were not ...
Unterbuchner C - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis, affecting neuromuscular transmission, leads to a large variability in sensitivity to depolarising and non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking drugs. We report the successful use of the modified mu-cyclodextrin sugammadex in a myasthenic patient to reverse a rocuronium-induced deep level of neuromuscular block. After spontaneous neuromuscular recovery of T2 (second twitch ...
Temu?in Ca?ri Mesut - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Double-step nerve stimulation test (DSST) is a repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) technique that is performed under exercise and ischemic conditions. We tested the diagnostic significance of DSST at a distal muscle in 17 control subjects and 10 myasthenic patients who had normal conventional RNS test. METHODS: Myasthenia gravis was ...
Akman Ayse - - 2010
Pemphigus, a life-threatening autoimmune disorder, is the most common autoimmune bullous disease in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. No studies have investigated the immunopathologic features of this geographic setting. To determine the immunopathologic features of pemphigus in the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey, the authors evaluated the histopathological, immunofluorescence (IF), ...
Suzuki Shigeaki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical, histological, and immunological features of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who also developed myocarditis and/or myositis. DESIGN: Observational and retrospective case series. SETTING: Keio University, Hanamaki General Hospital, Kanazawa University, Nagasaki University, and Juntendo University. PATIENTS: A cohort of 8 patients with MG with clinically ...
Toumpanakis C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Octreotide LAR is an established treatment for malignant carcinoid syndrome. However, studies with large number of patients and long follow-up are lacking. AIM: To present long-terms results with octreotide LAR, assessing duration of clinical and objective response and treatment tolerance, in a large, homogeneous cohort of patients with malignant ...
Takahashi Naoki - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: IgG4-associated systemic disease (ISD) is a multiorgan fibroinflammatory disorder whose pancreatic manifestation is called autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). We describe 3 patients who developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma during the follow-up of ISD. METHODS: At our institution's pancreas clinic, we have prospectively and retrospectively examined patients with ISD with (n = 101) ...
Katzberg Hans D - - 2009
We report two patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who underwent thymectomy but developed thymic carcinoma years after the initial surgery. In one patient, the initial thymic pathology was normal, whereas the other had an encapsulated benign thymoma that was found only on pathological assessment. These cases demonstrate that MG may ...
Cil Timuçin - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease is an abnormal T cell-mediated immune response against dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the frequency of Celiac disease in patients with lymphoma and to determine the usefulness of the anti-gliadin and anti-endomysial antibodies (EMA) for diagnosis of ...
Leonardi Matilde - - 2009
The objective of this study is to describe functional profiles of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), and the relationships among symptoms, activities and environmental factors (EF), by using WHO's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Patients were consecutively enrolled at the Besta Institute of Milan, Italy. The ICF ...
Abela Jo Etienne - - 2009
There has been growing interest in the measurement of breath ethane as an optimal non-invasive marker of oxidative stress. High concentrations of various breath alkanes including ethane have been reported in a number of malignancies. Our aim was to investigate the use of novel laser spectroscopy for rapid reporting of ...
Ratcliffe L - - 2009
This study employed proteomic and bioinformatic approaches to identify serum biomarkers in canine lymphoma patients. Chilled serum samples derived from non-lymphoma (n = 92) and lymphoma (n = 87) patients were shipped from first opinion veterinary practices, subjected to ion exchange chromatography and analysed by surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization mass ...
Hajeer A H - - 2009
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction. MG has been shown to be associated with many HLA antigens in different populations. Here we have analysed the frequency of HLA-A, B, DR and DQ in a group of Saudi MG patients and compared their results to ...
Huang Yung-Sung - - 2009
Hyperthermia, not uncommon in severe brainstem stroke, is frequently difficult to control and associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality. Successful treatment of central hyperthermia in patients with brainstem infarction by baclofen has not been described. Following basilar artery occlusion, a 68-year-old female developed prolonged hyperthermia. Her hyperthermia did ...
Callaghan Brian - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, serologic, and electrophysiologic features of 2 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), who also had presynaptic electrophysiologic abnormalities. METHODS: Case reports. RESULTS: Two patients developed clinical symptoms consistent with MG. They lacked autonomic symptoms or signs, and their reflexes were not absent. Acetylcholine receptor antibody studies ...
Aurangzeb Sidra - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of anti acetylycholine receptor antibody (AchR-Ab) titres with the demographic profile and severity of myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on inpatients and outpatients at the Department of Neurology at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. Seropositive cases of myasthenia gravis ...
Abasq Claire - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of anti-desmoglein (Dsg) 1 and anti-Dsg3 antibody (Ab) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) values for the occurrence of relapses in pemphigus. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Dermatology departments from 13 university hospitals in France. Patients The study population comprised 26 patients with typical clinical, histologic, and ...
Kogushi-Nishi Hazuki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) is the most common type of melanoma in Japan. The association between ALM and acral nevus has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and dermatoscopic patterns of plantar melanocytic nevi on the soles in the Japanese and to evaluate the relationship between acral ...
Bermejo-Fenoll A A Department of Oral Medicine, University of Murcia, - - 2009
The most important complication of oral lichen planus (OLP) is the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)--this being an association that remains subject to controversy. This study aims to examine the incidence and clinical presentation of oral malignancies associated with OLP. A retrospective study was made of 550 patients diagnosed ...
Troch Marlene - - 2009
We have performed a phase II study to evaluate bortezomib in patients with MALT-lymphoma. Sixteen patients entered the trial, 4 had gastric MALT-lymphoma, 7 of the ocular adnexa, one of the colon, and 2 of the parotid, and one patient each the lung and the breast. Bortezomib was given at ...
Morizane S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Malignant lymphoma is occasionally complicated by ichthyosiform eruptions. OBJECTIVES: To analyse histopathologically the ichthyosiform eruptions associated with cutaneous lymphomas. METHODS: We reviewed the files of patients with malignant lymphoma seen in our dermatology department between January 2001 and May 2006 to search for patients with ichthyosiform eruptions. RESULTS: In ...
Vandiedonck Claire - - 2009
We investigated an association of the HLA-A locus in 78 French Caucasian patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) and thymic epithelial tumours. The largest effect was a protection associated with HLA-A02 in MG patients with a B2 type thymoma (OR=0.323, 95% CI: 0.113-0.756, P=0.00041). The frequency of HLA-A25 was also ...
Fink A M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The association between the eruption of numerous seborrhoeic keratoses as a result of an underlying malignancy is controversially discussed. The aim of this case-control study with prospective accrual of patients was to determine whether a direct association exists between the number seborrhoeic keratoses and internal malignancies. METHODS: The numbers ...
Fang Meixian - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common mucocutaneous disease with malignant transformation potential. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the characteristics of patients with OLP who developed oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHOD AND MATERIALS: The medical records of 2,119 patients with OLP at West China ...
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