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Verdecchia Paolo - - 2010
Out of 100 patients with osteoarthritis (OA), almost 40 have a concomitant diagnosis of hypertension. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors may trigger a rise in blood pressure (BP), which is more marked in patients with established hypertension. NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors attenuate the antihypertensive effect of several ...
Pruitt Joseph A - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease that affects the voluntary skeletal muscles. It is characterized by transient weakness of the muscles that improves with rest. Muscle weakness involving the eyes can produce signs or symptoms of diplopia, blurred vision, ptosis, and ophthalmoplegia. Ptosis is defined as an abnormal eyelid ...
Shiohara Junko - - 2010
Pemphigus and pemphigoid are different types of autoimmune bullous disease and can occur in the same patient. We report a female patient with this condition. At first, we diagnosed her with bullous pemphigoid, and we treated her with tetracycline, niacinamide and a topical steroid. Tense bullas disappeared shortly after that, ...
Herrero-González Josep E - - 2010
There has been no previous clinical-immunological study of pemphigus in Spain. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of pemphigus patients who had been followed for a period of 18 years in our centre. We characterized the autoantibody response, compared diagnostic assays and correlated the immunobiological ...
Bai Yu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Patients with dyspepsia with alarm features are suspected of having upper gastrointestinal (GI) malignancy; however, the true value of alarm features in predicting an underlying malignancy for patients with dyspepsia with high background prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and upper GI malignancy is uncertain. The aim of the present ...
Suhail Hamid - - 2010
Autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) is a disorder of neuromuscular junction. Possible role of multiple genes in the development of the MG has been documented. This case-control study, studied the association of apolipoprotein E (Apo-E) alleles with MG. Anti-AChR antibody was measured using radio receptor immunoassay. Apo-E genotypes were analyzed in ...
Bermejo-Fenoll A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the clinicopathological characteristics of a group of patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) in south-eastern Spain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was made of 550 patients clinically and histopathologically diagnosed with OLP in the period 1991-2007. Patient gender, age, the prevalence of hepatitis C, ...
Bajaj Doulat Rai DR Department of Dermatology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro. - - 2010
To evaluate the clinical characteristics, predisposing/aggravating factors and malignant potential of oral lichen planus (OLP). Case series. Department of Dermatology and Oral Pathology, Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad, from January 2006 to November 2007. Patients of either gender aged above 12 years, fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for OLP were enrolled for ...
Kim Sae Woong - - 2010
We performed this study in order to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of urolithiasis in patients with malignant hematologic diseases. Nine hundred one patients who underwent medical treatment for malignant hematologic disease and 40,543 patients who visited the emergency room and without malignant hematologic diseases were included in our study. ...
Suhail Hamid - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a disorder of neuromuscular junction associated with presence of antibodies against nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Here, we compared the clinical and serological profile of seropositive myasthenia gravis (SPMG) and seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG) patients. Anti-AChR antibody was measured using radio receptor immunoassay and correlated with clinical ...
Sugawara Masashiro - - 2010
We examined transversely the thymus of 33 myasthenia gravis (MG) patients followed up for more than 5 years and found three thymomas. One was found 21 years after thymoma resection (Masaoka I, WHO Type B2 thymoma) and extended thymectomy. The other two were non-thymomatous at onset, and they were not ...
Unterbuchner C - - 2010
Myasthenia gravis, affecting neuromuscular transmission, leads to a large variability in sensitivity to depolarising and non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking drugs. We report the successful use of the modified mu-cyclodextrin sugammadex in a myasthenic patient to reverse a rocuronium-induced deep level of neuromuscular block. After spontaneous neuromuscular recovery of T2 (second twitch ...
Temu?in Ca?ri Mesut - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Double-step nerve stimulation test (DSST) is a repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) technique that is performed under exercise and ischemic conditions. We tested the diagnostic significance of DSST at a distal muscle in 17 control subjects and 10 myasthenic patients who had normal conventional RNS test. METHODS: Myasthenia gravis was ...
Akman Ayse - - 2010
Pemphigus, a life-threatening autoimmune disorder, is the most common autoimmune bullous disease in the Mediterranean region of Turkey. No studies have investigated the immunopathologic features of this geographic setting. To determine the immunopathologic features of pemphigus in the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey, the authors evaluated the histopathological, immunofluorescence (IF), ...
Suzuki Shigeaki - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical, histological, and immunological features of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who also developed myocarditis and/or myositis. DESIGN: Observational and retrospective case series. SETTING: Keio University, Hanamaki General Hospital, Kanazawa University, Nagasaki University, and Juntendo University. PATIENTS: A cohort of 8 patients with MG with clinically ...
Toumpanakis C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Octreotide LAR is an established treatment for malignant carcinoid syndrome. However, studies with large number of patients and long follow-up are lacking. AIM: To present long-terms results with octreotide LAR, assessing duration of clinical and objective response and treatment tolerance, in a large, homogeneous cohort of patients with malignant ...
Takahashi Naoki - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: IgG4-associated systemic disease (ISD) is a multiorgan fibroinflammatory disorder whose pancreatic manifestation is called autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). We describe 3 patients who developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma during the follow-up of ISD. METHODS: At our institution's pancreas clinic, we have prospectively and retrospectively examined patients with ISD with (n = 101) ...
Katzberg Hans D - - 2009
We report two patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) who underwent thymectomy but developed thymic carcinoma years after the initial surgery. In one patient, the initial thymic pathology was normal, whereas the other had an encapsulated benign thymoma that was found only on pathological assessment. These cases demonstrate that MG may ...
Cil Timuçin - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease is an abnormal T cell-mediated immune response against dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals. The aim of our prospective study was to evaluate the frequency of Celiac disease in patients with lymphoma and to determine the usefulness of the anti-gliadin and anti-endomysial antibodies (EMA) for diagnosis of ...
Leonardi Matilde - - 2009
The objective of this study is to describe functional profiles of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), and the relationships among symptoms, activities and environmental factors (EF), by using WHO's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Patients were consecutively enrolled at the Besta Institute of Milan, Italy. The ICF ...
Abela Jo Etienne - - 2009
There has been growing interest in the measurement of breath ethane as an optimal non-invasive marker of oxidative stress. High concentrations of various breath alkanes including ethane have been reported in a number of malignancies. Our aim was to investigate the use of novel laser spectroscopy for rapid reporting of ...
Ratcliffe L - - 2009
This study employed proteomic and bioinformatic approaches to identify serum biomarkers in canine lymphoma patients. Chilled serum samples derived from non-lymphoma (n = 92) and lymphoma (n = 87) patients were shipped from first opinion veterinary practices, subjected to ion exchange chromatography and analysed by surface-enhanced laser desorption ionization mass ...
Hajeer A H - - 2009
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction. MG has been shown to be associated with many HLA antigens in different populations. Here we have analysed the frequency of HLA-A, B, DR and DQ in a group of Saudi MG patients and compared their results to ...
Huang Yung-Sung - - 2009
Hyperthermia, not uncommon in severe brainstem stroke, is frequently difficult to control and associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality. Successful treatment of central hyperthermia in patients with brainstem infarction by baclofen has not been described. Following basilar artery occlusion, a 68-year-old female developed prolonged hyperthermia. Her hyperthermia did ...
Callaghan Brian - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, serologic, and electrophysiologic features of 2 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), who also had presynaptic electrophysiologic abnormalities. METHODS: Case reports. RESULTS: Two patients developed clinical symptoms consistent with MG. They lacked autonomic symptoms or signs, and their reflexes were not absent. Acetylcholine receptor antibody studies ...
Aurangzeb Sidra - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship of anti acetylycholine receptor antibody (AchR-Ab) titres with the demographic profile and severity of myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on inpatients and outpatients at the Department of Neurology at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. Seropositive cases of myasthenia gravis ...
Abasq Claire - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of anti-desmoglein (Dsg) 1 and anti-Dsg3 antibody (Ab) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) values for the occurrence of relapses in pemphigus. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Dermatology departments from 13 university hospitals in France. Patients The study population comprised 26 patients with typical clinical, histologic, and ...
Kogushi-Nishi Hazuki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) is the most common type of melanoma in Japan. The association between ALM and acral nevus has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and dermatoscopic patterns of plantar melanocytic nevi on the soles in the Japanese and to evaluate the relationship between acral ...
Bermejo-Fenoll A A Department of Oral Medicine, University of Murcia, - - 2009
The most important complication of oral lichen planus (OLP) is the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)--this being an association that remains subject to controversy. This study aims to examine the incidence and clinical presentation of oral malignancies associated with OLP. A retrospective study was made of 550 patients diagnosed ...
Troch Marlene - - 2009
We have performed a phase II study to evaluate bortezomib in patients with MALT-lymphoma. Sixteen patients entered the trial, 4 had gastric MALT-lymphoma, 7 of the ocular adnexa, one of the colon, and 2 of the parotid, and one patient each the lung and the breast. Bortezomib was given at ...
Morizane S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Malignant lymphoma is occasionally complicated by ichthyosiform eruptions. OBJECTIVES: To analyse histopathologically the ichthyosiform eruptions associated with cutaneous lymphomas. METHODS: We reviewed the files of patients with malignant lymphoma seen in our dermatology department between January 2001 and May 2006 to search for patients with ichthyosiform eruptions. RESULTS: In ...
Vandiedonck Claire - - 2009
We investigated an association of the HLA-A locus in 78 French Caucasian patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) and thymic epithelial tumours. The largest effect was a protection associated with HLA-A02 in MG patients with a B2 type thymoma (OR=0.323, 95% CI: 0.113-0.756, P=0.00041). The frequency of HLA-A25 was also ...
Fink A M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The association between the eruption of numerous seborrhoeic keratoses as a result of an underlying malignancy is controversially discussed. The aim of this case-control study with prospective accrual of patients was to determine whether a direct association exists between the number seborrhoeic keratoses and internal malignancies. METHODS: The numbers ...
Fang Meixian - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a common mucocutaneous disease with malignant transformation potential. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the characteristics of patients with OLP who developed oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHOD AND MATERIALS: The medical records of 2,119 patients with OLP at West China ...
Schoser Benedikt - - 2009
We report seven patients with immune-mediated rippling muscle disease (iRMD) and AChR-antibody positive myasthenia gravis (MG) without germline caveolin-3 gene mutations. We describe the follow-up of two patients and the clinical features of five new patients (1 female, 4 male, aged 32 to 69 years). These presented with significant generalized, ...
Hu Yu-Hui - - 2009
Primary pulmonary lymphoma (PPL) accounts for less than 1% of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, with no report in Chinese patients. This study aims to analyze the clinical features and prognosis of this population. Patients with biopsy-proven pulmonary lymphoma were reviewed and re-classified by a hema-pathologist. Between 1992 and 2005, a ...
Fujikawa K - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of distinct clinical subsets with myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs) towards anti-155/140-kDa polypeptides [anti-155/140 antibodies (Abs)], anti-140-kDa polypeptides (anti-140 Abs), and anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (ARS Abs) in Japanese patients with dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: We compared the clinical features and short-term prognoses of 30 DM patients whose serological ...
Akdeniz N - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the risk of malignancy index (RMI) and retrospective analysis of patients presenting with adnexal masses to our clinic for treatment. METHODS: Data of 137 women who had adnexal masses were included in the analysis. A simple algorithm called ...
Rison Richard A - - 2009
Bulbar weakness and fatigue resulting in dysphagia and dysarthria is common in myasthenia gravis. In chronic MG it is often assumed that these symptoms herald an exacerbation of the patient's disease and doses of cholinergic agents and immunomodulatory therapies may be increased, along with initiation of plasma exchange. A case ...
Cavdar Ayhan O - - 2009
Ninety-six untreated patients with malignant lymphoma (ML), 81 Hodgkin's disease, and 15 Burkitt's lymphoma were studied for zinc (Zn) status, and 21 patients also had selenium (Se) status analysis. Plasma and hair Zn and Se levels were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Chronic Zn and Se deficiencies (low plasma and ...
Gilhus Nils Erik - - 2009
This Practice Point commentary discusses a retrospective study by Oh et al. in which the consequences of using statins in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were examined. Out of 170 patients with MG seen at a single hospital center during a 2.5-year period, 54 used statins. Six of these patients ...
Radziejewska Iwona - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the differences in glycoforms of ascitic fluids which can be considered as useful in discrimination between benign and malignant patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: The investigations were carried out on 17 benign and 13 malignant patients. To obtain high molecular weight material, gel exclusion chromatography was applied. To ...
Papathanasiou Eleftherios S - - 2008
PURPOSE: Single-fiber electromyography is a sensitive electrophysiological method for the determination of neuromuscular dysfunction. Normative values for stimulated single-fiber electromyography have been reported for the orbicularis oculi (OOc) with no distinction made between the upper and lower OOc. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the upper and ...
Bindu P S - - 2008
Acquired myasthenia Gravis (MG), a disorder of impaired neuromuscular transmission is recognized as an autoimmune disorder, with a majority of the patients having antibodies against acetylcholine receptor (AChR antibodies) in the serum. To correlate the AChR antibody status with the clinical characteristics of patients with myasthenia gravis. Retrospective and prospective ...
Hall Gillian L GL Molecular Genetics and Oncology Group, Department of Clinical Dental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3GN, United - - 2008
Management of the patient with oral epithelial dysplasia depends on the ability to predict malignant transformation. Histologic grading of this condition fails in this regard and is also subject to interpathologist and intrapathologist variability. This study uses longitudinal clinical samples to explore the prognostic value of a previously validated panel ...
Illa Isabel - - 2008
We report the results of treatment with Rituximab in six severe, non-responder MG patients. We treated three AChR+MG and three MuSK+MG patients, representing 2% and 20% of the respective groups of our series. Patients were assessed according to the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) recommendations. Antibody titers to AChR ...
Ishii N - - 2008
Only a few reports have been published of detailed clinical studies of pemphigus in Japan. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics of patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceous (PF), who were newly diagnosed in the dermatology department of Kurume University Hospital, Japan, over ...
Hong Yoon-Ho - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to obtain data on the frequency with which Korean patients with autoimmune myasthenia gravis (MG) present solely with ocular disturbances and progress to develop generalized disease and to identify the prognostic factors associated with secondary generalization. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multicenter survey ...
Huang Yung-Chuan - - 2008
Circulating antibodies of the acetylcholine receptor (AchRAb) are detectable in most patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (MG). A newly discovered antibody against muscle-specific kinase (MuSKAb) has been detected in 40-70% of AchRAb-negative MG patients. We report a series of Taiwanese MuSKAb-positive patients, and compare their clinical features with MuSKAb-negative patients ...
van de Vlekkert J - - 2008
Dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis and unspecified myositis are idiopathic inflammatory myopathies in which prednisone is usually started as soon as the diagnosis has been established. Therefore, little is known about the natural history of these diseases and spontaneous recovery may escape attention. Here, we present three patients who achieved remission without ...
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