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Mi J-Q - - 2012
The molecular characterization of cytogenetic abnormalities has not only provided insights into the mechanisms of leukemogenesis but also led to the establishment of new treatment strategies targeting these abnormalities and thereby further improve the prognosis of patients. We analyzed the prognosis of 1091 Chinese patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic ...
Morales-Vidal Sarkis - - 2012
Stroke is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality worldwide. Approximately, 795,000 strokes occur in the USA each year, 610,000 of which are first events, and 185,000 of which are recurrent events. Of all strokes, 87% are ischemic strokes. Novel anticoagulants serve as an alternative antithrombotic intervention in patients ...
Mori Naoki - - 2012
A 69-year-old woman with essential thrombocythemia (ET) developed giant ecchymosis, and she was admitted to hospital. Marked anemia (Hb 8.1 g/dl) accompanied by a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (89.6 s) was observed, and she received red blood cells (RBC) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP). On day 2 after admission, ...
Ichikawa Mizuho - - 2012
Peripheral neuropathy is a well-known side effect of vincristine (VCR), a microtubule inhibitor commonly used to treat malignancies. Severe neurological adverse events can occur in patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) treated with VCR. Vindesine is also a microtubule inhibitor, which, like VCR, is widely used to treat malignancies. The case ...
Murdock David K - - 2012
Background: Occasionally atrial fibrillation (AF) is resistant to electrical cardioversion (EC). Ranolazine (RZ) is an antianginal agent, which inhibits abnormal late Na(+) channel currents in cardiomyocytes and decreases Na(+) /Ca(++) overload. RZ is a potent inhibitor of after-depolarizations and triggered activity and prolongs atrial refractory periods. We postulated RZ could ...
Cohen Marta C - - 2012
Objectives Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EO) shows eosinophilic infiltration of the mucosa and can present with symptoms indistinguishable from gastrooesophageal reflux disease (GORD). The authors describe the clinical, endoscopic and histopathological features of all cases of histological EO presenting during 2007-2008 with a 2-year follow-up. The incidence of paediatric EO and the ...
Kanoh Yuhsaku - - 2012
It is thought that the quantitative imbalance between proteases and their inhibitors is a causative factor in invasion and metastasis of cancer cells. We previously reported on a number of androgen-dependent advanced prostate cancer (PCa) patients in which serum alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2M) levels were markedly decreased to < 20 mg/dL (defined ...
Tendera Michał - - 2012
Warfarin has long been considered the gold standard for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Recently, three major trials comparing the efficacy and safety of new drugs: a thrombin inhibitor dabigatran and two inhibitors of factor Xa - rivaroxaban and apixaban, with that of warfarin, have been published. ...
Lakatos Gábor - - 2012
Background: It has been suggested that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). However, the impact of serum MMPs and their inhibitors [tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)] have scarcely been investigated in the same experimental setting in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's ...
Mukherjee Kanchan K - - 2012
Cerebral vasospasm is the commonest cause for mortality and morbidity in patients following clipping of a ruptured aneurysm. Selective phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor like sildenafil acts as a vasodilator. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of oral sildenafil citrate in patients with symptomatic refractory vasospasm. ...
Raval Mihir - - 2012
84 year old male with past medical history of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) presented with progressive subcutaneous and muscle bleed in the right forearm and arm. Workup revealed elevated activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) - 71.8 seconds (normal 23 - 32 seconds) which was persistently elevated after mixing study (37.1 seconds ...
Tsitsias T - - 2012
Gastric diverticula are the least common diverticula of the gastrointestinal tract. The two main categories identified are congenital and acquired ones. Diverticula of the antrum, prepyloric or pyloric, are extremely rare and usually asymptomatic. We report a diverticulum of the prepyloric region in a patient with a background of peptic ...
Fan Qing - - 2012
Abnormalities of myelin integrity have been reported in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) using multi-parameter maps of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). However, it was still unknown to what degree these abnormalities might be affected by pharmacological treatment. To investigate whether the abnormalities of white matter microstructure including myelin integrity exist in OCD ...
Krintel Sophine B - - 2012
TNFα inhibitor therapy has greatly improved the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, however at least 30% do not respond. We aimed to investigate insertions and deletions (INDELS) associated with response to TNFα inhibitors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In the DANBIO Registry we identified 237 TNFα inhibitor naïve ...
Chung Jin-Young - - 2012
We report on an angioedema patient with a genetic defect in complement 1 inhibitor, manifesting migraine-like episodes of headache, effective prophylaxis with Danazol, and triptan for a treatment of acute clinical episode. The patient was 44-yr-old Korean man with abdominal pain and headache, who was brought into the Emergency Department ...
Bellone Michael - - 2011
At presentation, variant or "look-alike" conditions can resemble TTP. We reviewed charts of 26 consecutive patients treated for presumed TTP. Of 15 classic TTP patients, 11 were tested for ADAMTS13; all showed severe deficiency, and inhibitor levels correlated with probability of relapse. The variant TMA group consisted of 8 patients ...
Yoshiji Hitoshi - - 2012
An effective therapeutic strategy for suppressing liver fibrosis should improve the overall prognosis of patients with chronic liver diseases. Although enormous efforts are ongoing to develop anti-fibrotic agents, no drugs have yet been approved as anti-fibrotic agents for humans. Insulin resistance (IR) is reportedly involved in the progression of liver ...
Guillevin Loïc - - 2011
Objective. Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a severe manifestation of SSc, whose prognosis remains severe, despite treatment with angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor and dialysis. This study was undertaken to describe SRC characteristics, prognosis and outcome, and evaluate the responsibility of CSs in its occurrence.Methods. Analysis concerned 91 SSc patients with SRC who ...
Javed Saba - - 2011
Recently, a study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis who developed herpes zoster while taking a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitor reported a decreased incidence of postherpetic neuralgia. The objective of this study was to investigate whether patients on TNF-α inhibitors who developed herpes zoster have a lower incidence of subsequent ...
Wieland I I Pädiatrische Hämatologie & Onkologie, MHH Hannover. - - 2011
The development of inhibitors in haemophilia B is one of the most important complications of replacement therapy, affecting mortality and morbidity. Inhibitor development is based on complex immunological factors, and to date, only little is known about its underlying mechanisms. Here, we present first results of the haemophilia B group ...
Korse C M CM Department of Clinical Chemistry, The Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital, PO Box 90203, 1006 BE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2011
The aim of this prospective study was to examine whether discontinuation of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) or replacement by H(2)-receptor antagonists (H2RA) resulted in a decrease of chromogranin A (CgA) levels in 196 patients with well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). Patients with an unexpectedly high CgA level not connected with NET ...
Chisalita Simona I - - 2011
AbstractObjective. There are conflicting results regarding the association of circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) with cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. We assessed the relationship between IGF-1 levels and heart failure (HF), ischemic heart disease (IHD) and CV mortality in an elderly population taking into account the possible impact of angiotensin- ...
Tiryaki Ozlem - - 2011
Regulation of the fibrinolytic balance between plasminogen activators and inhibitors is modulated by the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Impaired fibrinolytic function, characterized by increased plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) levels and decreased tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) activity, has been found in patients with hypertension and may account in part for ...
- - 2011
Adverse effects of cholinesterase inhibitors used in Alzheimer's disease include cardiac disorders (bradycardia, conduction disorders) that can cause malaise and syncope. A cohort study compared 20 000 patients who received a cholinesterase inhibitor for dementia with a control group of untreated dementia patients. Cholinesterase inhibitor therapy was associated with statistically ...
Presta Pierangela P Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Magna Graceia University of Catanzaro, Italy. - - 2011
Proteinuria is a common presentation of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN). No studies are available on the long-term effect of treatment by renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors on renal outcome in MsPGN patients. This study prospectively evaluates the effects of RAS inhibitors on renal outcome in patients with low risk MsPGN followed up ...
Fotopoulos Vasileios Christos - - 2011
PURPOSE: In cases of septic knee arthritis, there is excess of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) over tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), due to enhanced expression and activation that are induced by bacteria in comparison with rheumatic or degenerative arthritis. The aim of this study was to explore the expression levels of ...
Sakellariou Grigorios T - - 2011
The recommendations of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) for the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) suggest a different therapeutic approach to methotrexate (MTX) resistance according to the presence or absence of poor prognostic factors. Retrospectively, in our patients with active early RA (disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28) > 3.2) ...
Burns Ariel M - - 2012
A 59-year-old female with rheumatoid arthritis on etanercept therapy presented with a 7-cm-large subcutaneous forearm mass. Multiple smaller nodules subsequently developed on the upper and lower extremities. Except for a new cough, the patient was systemically well. Biopsy of the mass showed sarcoidal type granulomatous inflammation with nodular aggregations of ...
Kita Junko - - 2011
We aimed to investigate whether delayed treatment with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in incomplete responders to synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) was effective among patients with very early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with poor prognosis factors. We examined 22 patients with very early RA who were positive for anti-cyclic citrullinated ...
Kurth M - - 2011
Background: Inhibitors are a serious complication for patients with severe hemophilia A. Immune tolerance induction (ITI) is the primary method for eradicating these inhibitors. The role of type of concentrate and in particular the use of von Willebrand factor-containing, plasma-derived factor VIII (VWF/pd-FVIII) concentrate in primary or rescue ITI remains ...
Fabbiani M - - 2011
PURPOSE: The relationship between antiretroviral pharmacokinetic exposure and acquisition of human immunodeficency virus-1 (HIV-1) drug resistance mutations (DRM) is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether antiretroviral plasma concentration could predict the emergence of DRM at treatment failure. METHODS: The study cohort comprised retrospectively selected ...
Blommel Matthew L - - 2011
The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy, tolerability, dosage and administration, and place in therapy of dabigatran etexilate are reviewed. Dabigatran is a reversible direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI) that has rapid and predictable anticoagulant effects and does not require the anticoagulation monitoring seen with oral vitamin K antagonists. Dabigatran etexilate has demonstrated ...
Scott David - - 2011
B cell targeted therapy using rituximab, a genetically engineered chimeric mouse/human monoclonal antibody, is recommended for patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who have failed to respond to both conventional disease-modifying drugs and TNF inhibitors. The value of ritixumab in patients with earlier disease, who have only failed methotrexate, was evaluated ...
Solau-Gervais Elisabeth - - 2011
PURPOSE: Rituximab has been shown to be efficient in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) when associated with methotrexate (MTX). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the response to this treatment in daily practice in the following three specific situations: rheumatoid factor (RF)-negative RA patients, rituximab monotherapy patients ...
Nason Katie S KS Division of Thoracic and Foregut Surgery, Universty of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, - - 2011
Screening for esophageal adenocarcinoma has focused on identifying Barrett esophagus (BE) in patients with severe, long-standing symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Unfortunately, 95% of patients who develop esophageal adenocarcinoma are unaware of the presence of BE before their cancer diagnosis, which means they never had been selected for screening. ...
Sharma P - - 2011
Erosive oesophagitis appears to be more common in white vs. nonwhite patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). To evaluate the association between race and erosive oesophagitis healing in patients with GERD treated with once-daily proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Data from five double-blind trials of once-daily treatment with esomeprazole 40mg vs. ...
Shirahata A - - 2011
Summary.  Studies conducted in European and North American countries have demonstrated that various factors including races affect the frequency of inhibitor formation in haemophilia patients. The present study was undertaken to analyse factors affecting the incidence of inhibitor formation in Japanese haemophilia A and B patients. Analytical data were retrospectively ...
Krajina-Andricević Mirna - - 2011
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors provide well known cardiorenal-protective benefits added to antihypertensive effects in chronic renal disease. These agents are underused in management of patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) because of common concern of hyperkalemia. However, few studies have investigated effect of renin angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade on serum ...
Goland Sorel - - 2011
The widespread use of spironolactone in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) has resulted in side effects and complications. We analyzed a cohort of patients treated by a dedicated CHF team, in order to examine the tolerability and safety of spironolactone in clinical practice. We retrospectively evaluated data on 157 ...
Undas Anetta - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with an increased risk for thromboembolic events. We investigated thrombin generation profiles in COPD patients and their dependence on plasma factor/inhibitor composition. Factors (f) (fII, fV, fVII, fVIII, fIX, fX), antithrombin, protein C (PC) and free tissue factor pathway inhibitor (fTFPI) from 60 ...
Lee Eugene S ES Department of Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA. - - 2011
Many vascular surgeons construct arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) for hemodialysis access as the primary choice access. A significant number of AVFs fail to mature, however, leading to patient frustration and repeated operations. Metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, particularly MMP-2 and MMP-9, may be important for AVF maturation. We therefore sought to identify whether ...
Bork Konrad - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Tooth extractions may trigger clinical symptoms of hereditary angioedema due to C1 inhibitor deficiency (HAE-C1-INH). The aim of this study was to determine how many tooth extractions were followed by symptoms of HAE-C1-INH in patients with and without preoperative short-term prophylaxis with C1 inhibitor concentrate. STUDY DESIGN: Tooth extractions ...
Chan Chia-Ta - - 2011
The defective platelets of end-stage renal disease patients might be further incapacitated by the antiplatelet effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, and bleeding tendency in these patients could be aggravated. Here we demonstrate an end-stage renal disease patient who was admitted for duodenal ulcer bleeding during the treatment with fluoxetine, ...
Fadini Gian Paolo - - 2011
We hypothesize that type 2 diabetic patients with different phenotypes may show different response to incretin-based therapies. Therefore, we tested whether the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) influences glycemic response to these drugs. We prospectively followed 211 patients, treated with the GLP-1 analog exenatide (n = 102) or a DPP-4 inhibitor (n = 109) ...
Orlikowski David - - 2011
Pompe disease is a rare metabolic myopathy caused by lysosomal α-glucosidase deficiency. Pompe disease ranges from a rapidly progressive course when symptoms present in infancy to a more slowly progressive rate when symptoms present in childhood or adulthood. This open-label prospective exploratory study investigated the effect of 12months of recombinant ...
Cravedi Paolo - - 2011
Patients on chronic dialysis therapy have a dramatic excess cardiovascular risk compared to any other population, including those with overt diabetic nephropathy. Despite this, patients on dialysis are almost invariably excluded from trials evaluating the cardioprotective effect of novel treatments. Consistent evidence is available that inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, ...
Garcia-Montojo M - - 2011
Background:  Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) have been repeatedly associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis. Also, it has been speculated that, besides its immunomodulatory properties, the efficacy of interferon beta (IFN-beta) in treating the disease may be related to its antiviral properties. The objectives of this study ...
Comunale Mary Ann MA Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Drexel Institute for Biotechnology and Virus Research, Drexel University College of Medicine, Doylestown, Pennsylvania 18902, - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide and the occurrence of HCC has more than doubled in the United States in the past decade. Early detection is considered key to reducing the mortality of HCC. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and high-performance liquid chromatography we have analyzed ...
Höller Yvonne - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic validity of non-phase-locked oscillations (NPLOs) and mismatch negativity (MMN) in an oddball task for assessing attentional reactivity in patients with disordered consciousness was examined. METHODS: Patients in a minimally conscious (MCS, n=6) or vegetative (VS, n=16) state and healthy controls (n=15) were assessed. MMN and NPLOs were ...
Sersté Thomas - - 2011
In patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites the role of beta-blockers in the development of paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of PICD before and after discontinuation of beta-blockers in patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. A self control cross-over ...
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