Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 709
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Amra Babak B Department of Internal Medicine, Respiratory Disease Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Pulmonary impairment in patients suffering ulcerative colitis (UC) has been suggested by several investigators using standard pulmonary function tests (PFTs). This changes in pulmonary function associated with minimal respiratory symptoms have been documented, especially in patients with active disease. The aim of this prospective study was to determine airway resistance ...
Kragelund C C Section of Oral Medicine, Clinical Oral Physiology, Oral Pathology & Anatomy, Department of Odontology, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to determine if the activity of the environmentally influenced cytochrome P450 enzyme CYP1A2, alone or in combination with CYP2D6*4 genotype, discriminates subgroups of oral lichen planus (OLP) according to lifestyle factors and clinical manifestations. A total of 111 patients with OLP were categorized according to normal, low, ...
Mirpourian Maryam M Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The role of obesity in clinical curse of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is not clear. We investigated the association of obesity and adiposity with disease activity and clinical response to combination therapy in RA patients. Active RA patients with the disease activity score using 28 joint counts (DAS28) > 2.6 were ...
Lehmann Dietrich D Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, The KEY Institute for Brain-Mind Research, University Hospital for Psychiatry Zurich, - - 2014
Functional dissociation between brain processes is widely hypothesized to account for aberrations of thought and emotions in schizophrenic patients. The typically small groups of analyzed schizophrenic patients yielded different neurophysiological findings, probably because small patient groups are likely to comprise different schizophrenia subtypes. We analyzed multichannel eyes-closed resting EEG from ...
Keles Sadullah S Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, - - 2014
To evaluate levels of homocysteine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and nitric oxide (NO), as well as activity of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The levels of homocysteine, ADMA, and NO and activity of eNOS in patients who were diagnosed with wet AMD by fundus fluorescein ...
Tsurumi Kosuke K Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto, - - 2014
Pathological gambling (PG) is a chronic mental disorder characterized by a difficulty restraining gambling behavior despite negative consequences. Although brain abnormalities in patients with substance use disorders are caused by repetitive drug use and recover partly with drug abstinence, the relationship between brain activity and duration of illness or abstinence ...
Godfrin-Valnet Marie M Department of Rheumatology, Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire (CHRU) Besançon, Besançon, - - 2014
Background Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a class III histone deacetylase that may play a critical role in several biological functions, including lifespan, stress, and inflammation. Our main objective was to evaluate SIRT1 activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in patients with osteoporosis and to analyze the relationship between the ...
Demir Gülseren G Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Physical Medicine and - - 2014
Serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) has been previously proposed to predict disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to investigate the level of serum ADA, and the relationship between ADA and disease activity markers, in a group of patients with RA. A hundred and ...
Milnerowicz Halina H Department of Biomedical and Environmental Analysis, Medical University of Wroclaw, Borowska 211, 50-556 Wroclaw, - - 2014
Oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators, such as IL-6, play an important role in the pathophysiology of acute pancreatitis. The study was aimed to assess the degree of the pro/antioxidative imbalance and estimate which antioxidant plays a role in the maintenance of pro/antioxidative balance during acute pancreatitis. The study was investigated ...
Horan William P WP VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, United States of America; University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
Although motivational disturbances are common in schizophrenia, their neurophysiological and psychological basis is poorly understood. This electroencephalography (EEG) study examined the well-established motivational direction model of asymmetric frontal brain activity in schizophrenia. According to this model, relative left frontal activity in the resting EEG reflects enhanced approach motivation tendencies, whereas ...
Hashiguchi Keiichi K Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, - - 2014
Background Bamboo joint-like appearance is a common yet easy-to-miss endoscopic finding in the stomach of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Bamboo joint-like appearance (BJA) is characterized by swollen longitudinal folds transversed by erosive fissures or linear furrows. However, whether BJA is observed during the remission stage of CD and during ...
Martinu Kristina K Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative illness often characterized by asymmetrical symptoms. However, the reason for this asymmetry and the cerebral correlates underlying symptom asymmetry are still not well understood. Furthermore, the effects of levodopa on the cerebral correlates of disease asymmetry have not been investigated. In this study, right-handed ...
Schoindre Yoland Y UPMC, Université Paris 6 , Paris , France ; AP-HP, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, Service de Médecine Interne 1, 47-83 Boulevard de l'Hôpital , Paris, Cedex , - - 2014
Growing evidence suggests that vitamin D plays a key role in the pathogenesis and progression of autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Recent studies have found an association between lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and higher SLE activity. We studied the relationship between 25(OH)D levels and Systemic Lupus ...
Wojciechowska Celina C 0000-0003-3700-8439 Second Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine with the Division of Dentistry, Medical University of Silesia, M. C. Skłodowskiej 10 Street, 41-800 Zabrze, - - 2014
Background. The aim of study was to determine relationships between functional capacity (NYHA class), left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF), hemodynamic parameters, and biomarkers of redox state and inflammation in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Methods. DCM patients (n = 109, aged 45.97 ± 10.82 years), NYHA class IIV, and LVEF ...
Yılmaz Ünsal - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors play a key role in the pathogenesis of adult-onset multiple sclerosis, and were suggested as biomarkers of response to interferon-β, an established treatment in multiple sclerosis. However, data regarding pediatric population are scarce. We determined serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-7, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and tissue ...
Chen Yung-Tai - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays an important role in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although dual RAAS inhibition results in worse renal outcomes than monotherapy in high risk type 2 diabetes patients, the effect of dual RAAS inhibition in patients with non-DM CKD is unclear. The ...
Finzel Stephanie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether methotrexate or tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi) affect osteophyte formation in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: 41 patients with PsA were examined for the presence of osteophytes and erosions at the metacarpophalangeal joints by high-resolution micro-CT imaging. The size of each individual lesion was quantified ...
Kawai Naoki - - 2013
No studies of the clinical symptoms before starting therapy or of the effectiveness of neuraminidase inhibitors (NAIs) have been carried out of the 2009-2010 and 2010-2011 seasons that compare A(H1N1)pdm09 or the three circulating types of influenza virus. The clinical symptoms and duration of fever (body temperature ≥37·5°C) after the ...
Jianu C S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are potent inhibitors of gastric acid secretion and give hypergastrinemia secondary to gastric hypoacidity. PPI treatment therefore induces enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cell hyperplasia. Long-term hypergastrinemia in rodents and man also leads to ECL cell neoplasia. Whether long-term PPI treatment will induce ECL cell neoplasia in man ...
Osmonov Damirbek - - 2012
Herein we describe 6 cases of patients with Alzheimer's disease presented with syncope, dizziness, and dyspnea soon after the initiation of cholinesterase inhibitor therapy. All patients had bradyarrhythmia on electrocardiogram (ECG). Two patients had complete atrioventricular block, 2 pateints had 2/1 type atrioventricular block, 1 patient had sinus bradycardia and ...
Scarpignato Carmelo - - 2012
Despite acid secretion being normal in the majority of patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) or Barrett's esophagus, acid inhibition represents the mainstay of treatment for both these conditions, with the aim of reducing the aggressive nature of the refluxate toward the esophageal mucosa. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) represent, therefore, ...
Kwiatkowska S - - 2012
Background: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and its inhibitor tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are involved in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, no study so far has addressed their value as noninvasive biomarkers of airways inflammation. Objective: To evaluate MMP-9 and TIMP-1 concentrations ...
Morris Lilah F - - 2012
PURPOSE: To describe a new protocol employing an acute systemic hypocalcemic challenge (SHC) aimed at augmenting the parathyroid hormone (PTH) gradient to enable non-super-selective venous sampling (VS) in patients with persistent primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 37 patients (39 studies-20 SHC, 19 super-selective VS) who ...
Ahrens I - - 2012
Edoxaban (the former DU176b) an orally available direct factor Xa inhibitor has been engineered from DX-9065a, which was one of the first parenteral Xa inhibitors. Edoxaban has a time to peak plasma concentrations of 1-2 hours and a half-life of approximately 10 hours after multiple doses. Edoxaban is the third ...
Madsen Flemming - - 2012
The prevalence of non-hereditary angioedema was investigated in a general population sample (n = 7,931) and in a sample of Danish patients (n = 7,433) tested for deficiency of functional complement C1 esterase inhibitor protein (functional C1 INH). The general population sample (44% response rate) reported a lifetime prevalence of 7.4% for angioedema. In ...
Giles F J - - 2013
MK-0457, an Aurora kinase and BCR-ABL inhibitor, was studied on a Phase I/II study in 77 patients with refractory hematologic malignancies. The average number of cycles per patient was 3 (range 1-21). Maximum tolerated doses for a 5-day short infusion and continuous infusion regimens were 40 mg/m(2)/h and 144 mg/m(2)/h, ...
Mikhail Nasser - - 2012
Choices of antidiabetic agents for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are limited. Available data suggest that the use of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors may be safe in patients at various stages of renal insufficiency. However, except for linagliptin, dosage adjustment is necessary. The ...
Lando Howard M - - 2012
To investigate the effects of glucagonlike peptidase-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists and dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors on serum amylase and serum lipase levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. In 90 patients with type 2 diabetes, treatment was initiated with a GLP-1 agonist or a DPP-4 inhibitor. A comparison group consisted of ...
Lambert-Niclot Sidonie - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This observational study was requested by French health authorities to determine the impact of lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra(®)) on antiretroviral resistance in clinical practice. Virological failures of lopinavir/ritonavir and their effects on the resistance to protease inhibitors and reverse transcriptase inhibitors were evaluated in protease inhibitor-experienced patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Virological ...
Kahrilas Peter J - - 2012
Treatment modalities for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) mirror the pathophysiology of the disease. Since acid plays a key role in GORD-associated mucosal lesions, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the dominant GORD treatment, being the most potent inhibitors of acid secretion available. However, the clinical effectiveness of PPIs varies with the ...
Ay Y - - 2012
Monitoring factor replacement treatment and observing concordance with clinical haemostasis is crucial in vital haemorrhages and major surgeries in haemophilic patients. We aimed to investigate the value of the thrombin generation assay (TGA) and thromboelastography (TEG) for monitoring haemostasis in haemophilic patients during factor replacement treatment. The study group consisted ...
Pinto P - - 2012
Development of inhibitors to factor VIII, a serious complication of replacement therapy in haemophilia A patients, leads to increased bleeding, morbidity and mortality. There is no data on the risk factors for inhibitor development in Indian patients with severe haemophilia A. Our aim was to study the role of immune ...
Quintás-Cardama Alfonso A Department of Leukemia, the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
Anecdotal evidence suggests that nilotinib therapy may be associated with severe peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD). The authors describe the experience at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center regarding vascular events associated with nilotinib therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. Overall, 5 cases of PAOD were identified among 233 patients, for ...
Krishnan Kumar - - 2012
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a safe alternative to esophagectomy for patients with dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE). Although some studies have indicated that RFA is effective at eradicating dysplasia, most have found that RFA is not as effective in eradicating intestinal metaplasia. We investigated whether uncontrolled reflux is associated with persistent ...
Georgy Mary S - - 2012
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disorder defined by a deficiency of functional C1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH). Acquired angioedema (AAE) is caused by either consumption (type 1) or inactivation (type 2) of CI-INH. Both HAE and AAE can be life-threatening. The screening test for both conditions is complement component ...
Borhany Munira - - 2012
Objective: To determine the frequency of factor VIII specific inhibitors in haemophilia A. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: National Institute of Blood Disease and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Karachi, from August 2007 to March 2009. Methodology: Venous blood samples of diagnosed haemophilia A patients were collected in ...
Turagam Mohit K - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major cause of ischemic stroke, especially in the elderly. There are currently enough data to support the notion that anticoagulation with warfarin or dabigatran is far superior to aspirin in the prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in AF. Aspirin is the preferred modality in ...
Uchiyama Shinichiro - - 2012
Stroke is a major health problem worldwide, and is often fatal or associated with poor long-term outcomes. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for up to 20% of all strokes; and the risk of stroke in patients with AF increases with age. Although warfarin is well established for the prevention of ...
Santos José R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the most frequent resistance-associated mutations (RAMs) to lopinavir/ritonavir in a cohort of patients attended in daily practice. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 195 multitreated subjects with virological failure. Patients were classified as follows: (i) 71 (36.4%) never received lopinavir/ritonavir (lopinavir/ritonavir naive); (ii) 75 (38.5%) had previously failed on ...
Niespialowska-Steuden Maria M - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It is estimated that 1 in 4 individuals aged 40years or above will develop at least 1 episode of AF during their lifetime. Stroke is a leading cause of serious, long-term disability and death, and a major socioeconomic burden in developed ...
Dansirikul C - - 2012
Dabigatran etexilate is the orally bioavailable pro-drug of dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor. Using data from eight clinical studies in healthy volunteers and patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) or undergoing orthopaedic surgery (OS), population pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) models were developed to investigate whether the PK and PD ...
Garber Sarah T - - 2012
Dabigatran etexilate is an oral anticoagulant that acts as a direct, competitive thrombin inhibitor. Large randomized clinical trials have shown higher doses of dabigatran (150 mg taken twice daily) to be superior to warfarin in terms of stroke and systemic embolism rates in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. As a ...
Larsen Carl C - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Early rebleeding is an important cause of death and disability following aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Recent studies have shown that 50-90% of the rebleedings occurred within the first 6hours after the primary bleeding. The mechanism leading to rebleeding remains to be established. In the present prospective case-control study we ...
Tanaka Yoshiya - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biologics targeting tumor necrosis factor (TNF) has revolutionized the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and clinical remission becomes a realistic treatment goal. After achieving remission, discontinuation of TNF inhibitors may become an important issue from viewing points of safety and economy. However, there is not well established ...
Igonin Anton A - - 2012
Systemic inflammatory response variability displays differing degrees of organ damage and differing outcomes of sepsis. C1-esterase inhibitor, an endogenous acute-phase protein, regulates various inflammatory and anti-inflammatory pathways, including the kallikrein-kinin system and leukocyte activity. This study assesses the influence of high-dose C1-esterase inhibitor administration on systemic inflammatory response and survival ...
Bose Prithviraj P Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2012
Imatinib is an inhibitor of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase; however, resistance is common. Flavopiridol, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, down-regulates short-lived anti-apoptotic proteins via inhibition of transcription. In preclinical studies, flavopiridol synergizes with imatinib to induce apoptosis. We investigated this novel combination regimen in patients with Bcr-Abl(+) malignancies. In a ...
Umruddin Zia - - 2012
Background: The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) use on the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Methods: A retrospective case control study was conducted on a total of 201 patients ...
Umegaki Noriko - - 2012
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a life-threatening disorder caused by deficiency or dysfunction of the C1 inhibitor protein. Patients with HAE are restricted in various medical treatments, which can induce an HAE attack. We herein report the first case of psoriatic arthritis (PSA) with type 1 HAE successfully treated with 25 mg ...
Longhurst Hilary - - 2012
Hereditary angio-oedema is caused by a heterozygous deficiency of C1 inhibitor. This inhibitor regulates several inflammatory pathways, and patients with hereditary angio-oedema have intermittent cutaneous or mucosal swellings because of a failure to control local production of bradykinin. Swellings typically evolve in several hours and persist for a few days. ...
Mi J-Q - - 2012
The molecular characterization of cytogenetic abnormalities has not only provided insights into the mechanisms of leukemogenesis but also led to the establishment of new treatment strategies targeting these abnormalities and thereby further improve the prognosis of patients. We analyzed the prognosis of 1091 Chinese patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >