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Results 601 - 650 of 663
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Ulbright T M - - 1981
Four cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) are described; one each was associated with Hodgkin's disease, a thymoma, an atypical lymphoid proliferation resembling Castleman's disease, and a cutaneous reticulosis. The association of KS with lymphoproliferative, hematologic, and other neoplasms is thoroughly reviewed, with special attention to tissue diagnosis, relative order of ...
Wandless I - - 1981
In the course of an outbreak of non-bacterial diarrhoea in a group of elderly patients in a rehabilitation ward, rotavirus was detected by electron-microscopy in five of 11 stool specimens (45.5%) from symptomatic elderly patients. This suggests that although rotavirus is usually thought of as a cause of gastro-enteritis in ...
Gallagher D M - - 1981
Patients undergoing surgical treatment often have concurrent diseases. An in-depth understanding of such diseases permits the dentist to initiate treatment with minimal risk to the patient. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is one such disease; it is characterized by various degrees of muscle weakness and fatigue. Many of the physical signs and ...
Olsson H - - 1981
Using a standardized interview schedule, occupational exposure to organic solvents was investigated in 61 consecutive male patients with the diagnosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. When exposure was defined as handling of organic solvents every working day for at least one year, 23 patients were exposed and 38 non-exposed. Of 15 patients ...
Askmark H - - 1981
Radioimmunoassay of serum myoglobin was performed in 85 patients with muscular symptoms. Elevated levels were found in 93% of patients with myogenic myopathy, in 54% with myasthenia gravis and in 50% with neurogenic myopathy. All 11 patients with polymyositis had elevated myoglobin concentrations. In six of seven patients with polymyositis, ...
Seybold M E - - 1981
Serial acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-ab) titers have been followed in 32 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) for an average of 43 months (range 12-81 months). Seventeen patients became asymptomatic or markedly improved during the study, 12 of whom showed AChR-ab decreases of greater than 50% sustained for 12 months. Only ...
Mintz S - - 1980
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease characterized by muscle weakness and fatigability due to a reduction in available acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction. Treatment with anticholinesterase drugs and corticosteroids has improved the prognosis for patients with this disease. However, controversy continues concerning the indications for thymectomy. During a 9 ...
Abramovits W - - 1980
Two patients with lichen aureus are described. The clinical and histologic features of our patients were compared with previously reported cases of lichen aureus in an effort to classify this entity properly among the pigmented purpuric dermatoses. We regard lichen aureus as a distinct entity. Although this disorder has been ...
Williamson H O - - 1980
Two case reports of patients with myasthenia gravis, premature menopause at ages 18 and 29 years, and evidence of thyroid and ovarian autoimmunity are presented. Both patients had elevated gonadotropins, sex steroid values in the menopausal range, and ovaries without follicular activity. An autoimmune etiology is suggested because of the ...
Lozada F - - 1980
Patients with oral vesiculoerosive diseases frequently require corticosteroid treatment to induce healing and reduce pain. Because of the adverse effects associated with systemic use, topical application of 0.05% fluocinonide in an adhesive base was investigated. The study group was comprised of 89 patients with erythema multiforme, lichen planus, benign mucous ...
Kirshner J J - - 1980
Twenty-five patients from the literature and two additional patients with Hodgkin's disease and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) are reviewed. In 22 patients the ITP occurred after the Hodgkin's disease was treated. In nine of these patients, the Hodgkin's disease. In one patient, ITP preceded Hodgkin's disease by one year. Seven ...
Karakousis C P - - 1980
Tumor biopsies from 68 patients with malignant melanoma were assessed for estrogen receptor (ERc) binding, and 32 of these for progesterone receptor (PRc) binding. Twenty-five patients (37%) had ERc greater than or equal to 5 fmols/mg protein; 14 patients (44%) had PRc greater than or equal to 10 fmols/mg of ...
Durodola J I - - 1980
A retrospective study was conducted of 41 patients with Burkitt lymphoma who had partial or complete records of both clinical and pathologic features of their disease, that is, clinical observations immediately before death and pathological findings at sub-sequent post-mortem examinations.The immediate causes of death in five patients were cardiac failure ...
Cockcroft D W - - 1979
A history of respiratory atopy (seasonal hay fever or asthma) was sought among 218 patients with malignancy of endodermal origin (lung, gut, bladder, prostate), 104 patients with mesodermal malignancy (hematological, sarcomas, genitourinary system), 70 patients with ectodermal malignancy (skin and breast) and 303 age and sex matched controls. There was ...
Katz A L - - 1979
The coexistence of scleroderma and malignancy is well documented. The case presented here is unique, however, as it is the first report of the occurrence of diffuse histiocytic lymphoma and pemphigus vulgaris in a patient with scleroderma. Because of this unusual triad of diseases, the possibility of a common pathogenetic ...
Park M S - - 1979
HLA-DRW4 was found in all 11 female and 10 out of 12 male Jewish patients with pemphigus vulgaris, a frequency of 91% in all, which was significantly higher than the 25% frequency among normal Jewish controls. The relative risk was 31.5. The BW38-DRW4 haplotype occurred in 12 out of 22 ...
Ho A D - - 1979
The leukocyte alklaine phosphatase (LAP) levels were determined in 183 patients with malignant diseases and 71 normal controls. The median LAP scores were 64 units (range 0 to 290) for the patients and 55 (range 2 to 158) for the controls, respectively, and no significant difference could be established. When ...
Bellur S N - - 1979
In an autopsy-based, case-control study of meningiomas over a 20-year period, there were 76 patients with meningiomas, and 20 of them also had an extraneural primary malignancy. In two control populations with autopsy-proved central nervous system (CNS) pathology (group I) and non-CNS pathology (group II), extraneural primary malignancies were seen ...
Elias L - - 1979
The records of a group of 337 adult patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma seen at the Stanford University Medical Center, Division of Oncology were examined for relationships between stage and histopathological classification and simple demographic characteristics. Patients with Stages I and II of disease and diffuse varieties of lymphoma were found ...
Kirkpatrick C H - - 1979
The clinical, pathologic and immunologic features of 27 patients with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and thymic tumors are reviewed. This form of chronic candidiasis is unique in that the infections do not occur until after the third decade and, in contrast to patients in whom candidiasis develops during infancy or childhood, ...
Durodola J I - - 1979
Hemoglobin concentration is studied in 128 untreated Burkitt lymphoma patients in Ibadan. While there is no significant diagnostic pattern in hemoglobin concentration, Burkitt lymphoma patients show marked anemia as compared with healthy adult Nigerians. The degree of involvement of malarial parasitemia in producing anemia in Burkitt lymphoma patients has yet ...
Sokol R J - - 1979
The possible value of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of skin window preparations in the clinical situation has been investigated with reference to 48-hour macrophages in 26 patients with malignant lymphoma. The preparations were processed for SEM using critical point drying and sputter coating. Identification of macrophages was made with reference ...
Sparling T G - - 1979
Two patients with malignant histiocytosis were found to have capillary occlusion by aggregates of neoplastic histiocytes, in skeletal muscle in one, and in renal glomeruli in the other. One patient had clinical evidence of similar occlusions in the arterioles and capillaries of the ocular fundi. Occlusion of small vessels by ...
Maughan W Z - - 1979
Three patients with porphyria cutanea tarda and lymphoma were seen at the Mayo Clinic. In one patient, the signs and symptoms of porphyria cutanea tarda and lymphoma occurred simultaneously, whereas in the other two, the porphyria was seen before the lymphoma occurred, three years before in one and one and ...
Aita J F - - 1979
Preoperative body computerized tomography (CT) should be of value in depicting the size, extent, and location(s) of the thymus in myasthenic patients undergoing thymectomy. To date, we have been unable to visualize the thymus in three patients with myasthenia gravis using body CT. However, in two nonmyasthenic patients, large thymomas ...
Anderson J L - - 1978
A review of lymphomas developing in recipients of cardiac allografts has yielded significant risk factors. Frequency varied strikingly according to original cardiac disease: lymphoma developed in 6 of 37 patients with prior idiopathic cardiomyopathy (I.C.M.) but in one of 54 patients with prior coronary-artery disease (C.A.D.). All patients who developed ...
Horowitz S H - - 1978
Five hundred consecutive patients were evaluated for myasthenia gravis with repetitive stimulation of the median and ulnar nerves. Axillary nerve stimulation and repeated stimulation of wrist nerves following regional curare administration to the hand were performed when necessary. Abnormal responses were seen in 95% of 297 patients with generalized disease ...
Bloomer J - - 1978
Capillary fragility has been examined in 110 elderly patients, excluding those patients who might have been expected to have abnormal fragility. Nonetheless, fragility appeared to be greater in elderly patients than in younger subjects. It was much increased in the non-paralysed arm of hemiplegic patients but not in the paralysed ...
Dacie J V - - 1978
The later history is described of four of 10 patients who were reported in 1969 as suffering from non-tropical 'idiopathic splenomegaly'. Two of the four patients developed malignant lymphomas 6 years and 2 years, respectively, after splenectomy but the two other patients have lived for 17 and 15 years, respectively, ...
Chekharina YeA - - 1978
Activity levels of N-acetyltransferase and acetylation types in patients with malignant lymphomas, following sulfadimidine loading, were established. The ratio of "fast" and "slow" acetylators among patients with malignant lymphomas is shown to be similar to that in control group. The rate of acetylation in "slow"-acetylating patients, however, was higher than ...
Cullen S I - - 1978
Ninety-one patients with acne vulgaris were selected for a two-part study primarily because the severity of disease suggested that it might be tetracycline-recalcitrant. Of the eighty-eight patients completing the first part of the study, thirty-two were judged to have tetracycline-nonresponsive acne and received 50 mg of minocycline twice daily for ...
Sawaki S - - 1978
The various symptoms of 766 patients with nasopharyngeal malignancies (641 carcinomas and 125 malignant lymphomas, confirmed histologically) were analysed statistically from the viewpoint of early diagnosis. These can be divided into aural, nasal, pharyngeal, ophthalmic, cervical lymph node and cranial nerve symptoms. The frequencies of these symptoms were compared in ...
Durodola J I - - 1977
Leukocyte counts and body temperature were studied in 232 untreated Burkitt's lymphoma patients. Differential counts were obtained in 153 of them. There was no significant diagnostic variation in circulating leukocyte levels and no correlation between the size, site, or stage of the tumour and leukocyte counts or body temperature. No ...
Davis G C - - 1977
Succinylcholine should be avoided in any patient with known myotonia because of the possibility of an abnormal rigid response. In addition, the possibility of undiagnosed myotonia should be considered in any myopathic patient. While not all myotonic responses are associated with malignant hyperthermia, the anesthetic should be discontinued immediately and ...
Honda N - - 1977
General anaesthesia with Althesin was administered on two occasions to a patient who was identified as susceptible to malignant hyperthermia, in whom there was identified familial subclinical myopathy and once in another patient suffering from arthrogryposis multiplex congenita with a history of fever associated with two previous anaesthetics. In the ...
Russo L - - 1977
The immunologic role of thymus in human adults is still unclear, in a high percentage of patients with myasthenia gravis, improvement of the disease follows thymectomy. The biologic basis of this phenomenon is also unknown. We found that patients thymectomized for more than 9 months have a low percentage of ...
Virella G - - 1977
An IgM paraprotein was detected in a patient with abdominal lymphoma. Due to some doubts about the malignant nature of the situation, no cytostatic drugs were administered. When seen two years later the patient had considerably deteriorated in clinical status, with evidence of extra-abdominal involvement. At this time he presented ...
Krarup C - - 1977
Electrical and mechanical muscular responses to single and repetitive stimuli were recorded in 24 patients with myasthenia gravis. Findings in the platysma were compared with those in m. adductor pollicis (ADP). In the platysma, but not in the ADP, electrical and mechanical responses to single stimuli were often lower than ...
Zywicka-Lopaciuk H - - 1977
In a group of 280 patients with chronic lymphatic leukaemia, a coexistence of malignant tumours diagnosed simultaneously with the leukaemia was found in 14 cases or 5.0%. No significant difference was observed between the development of the second malignant neoplasm in the patients studied and the expected incidence in the ...
Person J R - - 1977
A study of the records, biopsies, and immunopathologic data from 84 patients with bullous pemphigoid and 60 patients with cicatricial pemphigoid revealed that patients with bullous pemphigoid and negative or perhaps very low titer of circulating antibasement-membrane antibodies may constitute a distinct subgroup of patients with bullous pemphigoid. This group ...
Nathanson - - 1976
A review of the clinical features of spontaneous regression of malignant melanoma was undertaken. Thirty-three patients with total regression of primary melanoma ("primary regressors") and 40 (13 of whom were somewhat doubtful) with regression of metastatic disease were reviewed in detail. These patients appeared to represent a typical age incidence ...
Holmes G K - - 1976
Two hundred and two patients with coeliac disease or idiopathic steatorrhoea previously reported from this unit have been reviewed after a further 10 years of follow-up. Of 20 more deaths, 10 were due to malignancy. A separate study was made of all patients with histologically confirmed coeliac disease seen to ...
Yamazaki A - - 1976
Using an open-loop stimulus (Maxwellian view), the direct pupillary response to light and its derivative curves (velocity and accleration of pupillary reactions) were recorded by infrared video pupillography in seven patients with myasthenia gravis and in three normal subjects. Responses before and after intravenous injection of 5 mg edrophonium hydrochloride ...
Horowitz S H - - 1976
Electric testing was performed in 106 myasthenia gravis patients before and after transcervical thymectomy. Twenty-nine were followed for 3 to 24 months. Results were correlated with thymic pathology, duration of disease, age at operation, and follow-up clinical status. Electric improvement was significantly greater in patients without thymic germinal centers or ...
Achari A N - - 1976
A 34-year-old woman with long-standing multiple sclerosis had a 2-year history and physical signs of myasthenia gravis. The edrophonium chloride (Tensilon) test was positive. Repetitive stimulation of the ulnar nerve at 3 Hz did not show evidence of myasthenic response; however, a single-fiber electromyography demonstrated evidence of neuromuscular block as ...
Herishanu Y - - 1976
During a 15-year period in Jerusalem, myasthenia gravis was diagnosed in 15 patients aged 60 or older. At this age, diagnosis is difficult because of such possible associated conditions as cerebrovascular and cardiovascular arteriosclerotic diseases or bronchopulmonary disorders. The clinical course often is complicated by these associated conditions, and also ...
Jacobson R J - - 1976
Angio-immunoblastic lymphadenopathy (AILD) was diagnosed in 3 Black patients, AILD is a non-malignant disorder which resembles a malignant lymphoma clinically and morphologically. It is thought to represent an abnormal response of B lymphocytes to antigenic stimuli which are often therapeutic agents. The disorder usually affects adults of the older age ...
Hancock B W - - 1976
Patients with lymphoreticular malignancy were shown by a leucocyte migration inhibition technique to have cellular immunity to Hodgkin's splenic tissue. Migration was significantly inhibited in 31 out of 55 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma and 19 out of 39 patients with other types of lymphoma. Inhibition was also shown in only ...
Chatten J - - 1976
A case of thymoma in a 12-year-old boy is presented. The patient had a history of thymic irradiation in infancy, and a family history of leukemia. The mass was readily resected and the patient is well 10 years later. The tumor contained an unusual admixture of normal thymic tissue with ...
Barnes B E - - 1976
Although there appears to be an increased incidence of malignancy among patients with dermatomyositis, demonstration of definitive statistical significance is precluded by the lack of large, controlled series. Patients with the two diseases tend to be older than the general dermatomyositis population and younger than those with cancer alone; and ...
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