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Results 551 - 600 of 690
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English D R - - 1986
One hundred and three patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma responded to an invitation to attend a dermatology outpatient clinic. All patients with a family history of melanoma, a history of multiple melanomas, or histological evidence of a dysplastic naevus that was associated with their melanoma were invited. A random sample ...
Phillips M E - - 1986
A retrospective study of 21 patients with the histopathologic diagnosis of minimal deviation melanoma (MDM; n = 18) and borderline melanoma (BM; n = 3) was undertaken to determine the prognosis for these patients compared with that for patients with other types of malignant melanoma. The findings indicate that the ...
Roscoe J T - - 1986
Levels of thymosin alpha I in the sera of 37 patients with Brazilian pemphigus foliaceus (BPF) were measured using a competitive binding radioimmunoassay. The values were compared with 19 patients with other forms of pemphigus, 13 relatives of patients with BPF, 18 patients with other dermatological diseases, and 265 normal ...
Bramwell N H - - 1986
A patient with myasthenia gravis underwent thymectomy following the failure of medical treatment. The thymus was normal except for four nodules, which, on histologic and electron microscopic examination, were found to consist of proliferative clusters of Langerhans' cells characteristic of histiocytosis X. This patient therefore had two disease processes in ...
Mikkelsen B - - 1986
Two cases of late-onset myasthenia gravis were successfully treated by thymectomy using a sternal splitting technique, in spite of the fact that no thymomas could be detected preoperatively. One patient was seriously ill, the other patient responded to medical treatment. Thymolipoma and malignant thymoma, respectively, were removed from the patients. ...
Argov Z - - 1986
Ampicillin trihydrate aggravated the symptoms of two myasthenic patients. One patient had severe temporary weakness after an ampicillin sodium challenge. Ampicillin increased the preexisting electrical decrement in three rabbits with experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis while the drug had no deleterious effects in less affected or normal animals. Myasthenic patients receiving ...
Beemer G H - - 1986
One hundred patients who received a competitive neuromuscular blocking agent during anaesthesia were randomly selected for evaluation of neuromuscular function immediately on their arrival in the recovery room. The anaesthetist was not aware that the patient would be evaluated in the recovery room. Neuromuscular function was assessed by a train-of-four ...
Bargman H B - - 1986
A middle-aged man developed multiple dermatofibromas on the legs and arms. The lesions were about sixty in number and were unusual in their rapid onset, their larger-than-average size, and their appearance in large numbers on the arms and trunk. They started approximately 4 months after the patient had begun a ...
Offit K - - 1986
A patient with angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia had a monoclonal IgG hypergammaglobulinemia. In contrast to previous reports, the development of a monoclonal paraprotein in the setting of angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia did not herald a transformation to malignancy. The patient improved clinically and the monoclonal gammopathy disappeared when the patient ...
Engervall P - - 1986
Fifteen patients with lymphoid malignancies and tumour-related fever (greater than 38.0 degrees C) were given 50 mg indomethacin (IM) orally. This resulted in a reduction of body temperature in all cases (mean +/- SD 3.4 +/- 2.0 degrees C). In one patient with untreated Hodgkin's disease, temperature fell from 40.6 ...
Vance R B - - 1986
The treatment of malignant gliomas with cisplatin has been shown to be of benefit. In order to reduce the side effects of the drug, we employed the use of sodium thiosulfate in ten patients one hour after cisplatin infusion and continued for 6 h. Side effects from this population of ...
Mørk N J - - 1986
In an open uncontrolled study eight patients with vulval lichen sclerosus et atrophicus were given etretinate (Tigason) 1 mg/kg/day. The dose was then gradually reduced according to effect and side effects. Six patients showed improvement in symptoms and in clinical morphology based on the physician's evaluation and photographic documentation. In ...
Andersen M - - 1986
Transcervical thymectomy was performed during a 13-year period in 21 patients with nonthymomatous myasthenia gravis. Follow-up showed that only eight patients benefited from the operation. These eight were among the younger patients in the series. This observation is discussed, and also the theoretic background for early thymectomy. The transsternal approach ...
Pollack M S - - 1985
The frequency of HLA-DR5 was significantly increased in a large group of malignant melanoma patients (33.7% vs 20.5% for controls). The subgroup of patients with poor prognosis showed both a DR5 increase and a relative decrease in DR1. Although none of these differences was significant after correction for the number ...
Vincent A - - 1985
Twenty-five myasthenia gravis (MG) patients whose anti-acetylcholine receptor (anti-AChR) titres against denervated human leg AChR fell in the range of less than 0.1-2.0 nM were tested against AChR preparations from normal human leg muscle, and from human extra-ocular muscle, and the results compared with those of sera with titres greater ...
Monden Y - - 1985
The clinical features and the effect of thymectomy were compared between 27 elderly patients (Group 2) and 119 young adult patients (Group 1) with myasthenia gravis (MG). In the elderly group, MG was type I in 3 patients, type IIA in 6, type IIB in 17, and type III in ...
Kuflik E G - - 1985
Severe edema can occur after cryosurgical treatment of malignant lesions on the eyelids and periorbital area. In a study of 134 patients, it was found that a short course of systemic steroids was able to reduce the severity of post-cryosurgical edema. This can be beneficial for patients in whom periorbital ...
Fornasari P M - - 1985
The authors examine the results of plasma exchange (PE) treatment in 33 patients with myasthenia gravis, who underwent a total of 49 cycles of treatment. On the basis of clinical response, evaluated in relation to a modification of the functional state and to the duration of improvement after PE, we ...
Baron M - - 1985
Twenty-two adult patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) have been seen at the Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital since 1970. DM accounted for 50% of the patients. Malignancy was found within 3 years of presentation in 32% and was present in 46% of patients over age 50. Forty-six percent of patients ...
Hohlfeld R - - 1985
In 15 patients with myasthenia gravis who were in stable clinical remission while receiving azathioprine, we monitored disease severity and serial autoantibody titers before and after discontinuation of azathioprine. Cellular immunoreactivity against tuberculin (PPD) and against Torpedo acetylcholine receptor (AChR) was measured serially in 11 patients. Eight of 15 patients ...
Benbassat J - - 1985
An effort was made to identify all patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) admitted to hospitals in Israel from 1956-1976. The diagnosis of PM/DM was retrospectively reviewed in 92 (46 definite, 26 probable, and 20 possible) cases. The most common complaints and physical findings in the course of the disease were muscle ...
Gieron M A - - 1985
We describe three siblings with familial infantile myasthenia gravis (FIMG). Contrary to previous reports suggesting a benign course of FIMG beyond the infantile period, our two patients had severe respiratory exacerbations in early adult life. Thymectomy was performed in the two more affected siblings, with only brief beneficial effect in ...
O'Keefe M - - 1985
Two patients with rheumatoid arthritis (two women, 58 and 62 years old) developed reversible penicillamine-induced ocular myasthenia gravis. Both had the HLA-DR1 antigen, unlike most patients with idiopathic myasthenia gravis who show HLA-DR3, suggesting that penicillamine-induced myasthenia gravis and its idiopathic counterpart occur in patients with different genetic backgrounds. In ...
Taaning E - - 1985
Comparison of abdominal lymphoscintigraphy with 99Tcm microcolloid and conventional lymphangiography in 38 patients with malignant lymphomas showed 62 per cent agreement when the results were classified as normal, doubtful and abnormal. The present scintigraphic method seems to be sufficiently safe and accurate as a screening test, without significant side effects ...
Sasaki K - - 1985
ABO blood group was analyzed in 70 patients with hydatidiform mole and 53 patients with malignant trophoblastic disease. 319 healthy pregnant women served as controls. The distribution of ABO blood groups in patients with hydatidiform mole did not deviate significantly from the distribution in the controls. There was a slight ...
Temoshok L - - 1984
This study investigated the relationship between patient delay in seeking medical attention and prognostic indicators, tumor characteristics, and demographic and behavioral factors in 106 patients with cutaneous malignant melanoma. Patients with less readily apparent lesions, particularly on the back, had longer delays in seeking treatment, as might be expected. The ...
Smith C I - - 1984
Gm phenotype G1m 1,2, and 3 frequencies were examined in 103 Finnish myasthenia gravis patients. There were no significant differences as compared with the expected frequency, either in the total material or when patients were subdivided according to sex, age of onset of disease, thymus pathology, or presence of HLA-B8. ...
Takasugi B J - - 1984
Vinzolidine, a semisynthetic vinblastine derivative, was tested in an oral formulation in 21 heavily pretreated patients with lymphoma. Partial remissions were seen in four patients with Hodgkin's disease (50%) and in one patient with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (8%). Significant side effects included neurotoxicity and dose-related myelosuppression. Vinzolidine is an active vinca ...
Merucci P - - 1984
Immunonephelometric evaluations of 13 serum proteins were made in 71 patients with two types of lymphoproliferative diseases: Hodgkin's disease (32 patients) and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (39 patients). The subjects were differentiated by discriminant analysis by means of age and three selected proteins: properdin factor B, IgM and ceruloplasmin. The results obtained ...
Vezzoni P - - 1984
Thymic function in myasthenic patients was examined using two biochemical markers which specifically define a population of cortisone-sensitive cortical thymocytes. The enzymatic activities of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) were determined in 13 samples. High contents of both enzymes were found in young patients. The enzymatic activities ...
Palmer K T - - 1984
Twenty-five elderly paraplegic patients admitted to a geriatric unit over a seven year period were studied, the sex ratio favouring females. There were 15 different causes for the paraplegia and only five patients had malignancy, which was lower than predicted. Six patients died, of whom three had malignancy; two of ...
Rodnitzky R L - - 1984
Plasma exchange, when used in conjunction with azathioprine to treat chronic symptoms of myasthenia gravis, can usually be discontinued after a limited period of time without reappearance of symptoms. Patients who cannot be weaned from the procedure are often treated with more potent immunosuppressants to overcome exchange dependence. In view ...
Monden Y - - 1984
Sixty-five patients with thymomatous myasthenia gravis were investigated. Thymomas were present in 44% of the male patients and 19% of the female patients with myasthenia gravis. The incidence of thymomatous disease in male patients was higher than in female patients in all age groups. Eighty percent of men more than ...
Perel'man L B - - 1984
For many years myasthenia was classed among the rare neurological diseases. At the present time, because of an improvement in diagnosis and, possibly also because this disease has become widespread, the number of cases recorded has appreciably increased and comprises more than 3 per 100,000 population [1, 2]. More than ...
Gracey D R - - 1984
During a 42-month period, we used plasmapheresis to treat four cases of myasthenia gravis with refractory respiratory failure. All four patients were ventilator dependent for prolonged periods and were not responding to management with cholinesterase inhibitors and corticosteroids. All four patients rapidly responded to the plasmapheresis; respiratory muscle strength returned ...
Sapozink M D - - 1984
From October 1980 through December 1982, 46 patients were entered into a pilot study at the University of Utah Medical Center to assess the feasibility and safety of heating deep-seated, advanced, pelvic and abdominal malignancies with an annular array of electromagnetic wave (EMW) applicators. The patients, most of whom were ...
Schmidt-Nowara W W - - 1984
Paroxysmal dyspnea and stridor in a patient with myasthenia were shown to be due to weakness of vocal cord abductors that improved with anticholinesterase therapy. Despite adequate inspiratory force, breathing was severely impaired by increased inspiratory resistance. The inspiratory flow-volume loop was useful in documenting the laryngeal obstruction and monitoring ...
Trobe J D - - 1984
The prevalence and pattern of cyclodeviation can differentiate among superior oblique palsy, dysthyroid ophthalmopathy, myasthenia gravis, and skew deviation. Excyclodeviation was detected in 30 of 33 patients with superior oblique palsy, eight of 15 patients with dysthyroid ophthalmopathy, three of six patients with nondysthyroid restrictive ophthalmopathy, and one of 13 ...
Bruce L - - 1984
Isoelectric focusing of ferritin prepared from three spleens involved by Hodgkin's disease demonstrated only minor differences from normal spleen ferritin. The leucocyte migration inhibition (LMI) and leucocyte adherence inhibition (LAI) assays were used to assess sensitization to Hodgkin's disease spleen ferritin and its component acidic and basic isoferritins in patients ...
Sunohara N - - 1984
In three adult men, serum creatine kinase activity was constantly raised for at least 4 years. They had been normal in other neuromuscular functions and did not have any established disease. Quantitative morphologic and pharmacologic studies were performed on biopsied muscle. The biceps brachii of patient 1 contained 0.3% necrotic ...
Greenberg S J - - 1984
Enriched subpopulations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with myasthenia gravis and from normal control individuals were tested for proliferative ability in the autologous mixed lymphocyte reactions. Myasthenia gravis patients were studied at various phases of therapy. Longitudinal patient populations were studied. Purified T cells from untreated patients with ...
Berrih S - - 1984
The in vivo effects of corticotherapy on thymocyte subpopulations have been evaluated in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Ten patients receiving high-dose, long-term treatment were studied and compared with two control groups (MG untreated patients and normal age-matched subjects). In the treated group, the thymus was generally involuted; the percentage ...
Amar A - - 1984
Twenty-one Israeli Jewish pemphigus vulgaris (PV) patients were studied for the HLA-D lymphocyte defined determinants and the serologically defined antigens of the HLA-A, B, and DR series. HLA-D typing revealed that Dw10 is significantly associated with PV: 86% of patients vs 18% of controls carried Dw10, and DR4 was present ...
Baló-Banga J M - - 1984
Three trace elements, manganese, copper and zinc, selected as normal constituents were measured in the chromatin fraction of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from four pemphigous patients and compared with values form 4 matching control cases treated with corticosteroid. Manganese and copper were decreased in pemphigous patients significantly against controls whereas ...
Golan D - - 1984
The presence of autoantibodies to intercellular substance of squamous epithelium was studied in the sera of 46 patients suffering from pemphigus vulgaris. This study suggests that in the majority of patients suffering from the severe form of the disease the autoantibody titer can be used as a guide to prednisone ...
Neuhofer J - - 1984
Eight patients with lichen sclerosus and 8 patients with localized scleroderma were treated with etretinate (Tigason) at doses of 0.5 mg/kg body weight for between 3 and 12 months: 2 of 3 patients with juvenile type lichen sclerosus cleared, whereas the lesions of 5 patients with balanitis xerotica obliterans, kraurosis ...
Oosterhuis H J - - 1983
The role of thymectomy in the management of myasthenia gravis is reviewed in the light of the published data and of a personal series. The patients in whom the operation is most successful are non thymomatous patients aged between 10 and 40 years with an MG history of less than ...
Begg C B - - 1983
Nineteen studies of advanced cancer in 8 disease sites have been examined using data from the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. The purpose of the investigation was to determine susceptibility of elderly patients (greater than or equal to 70 years of age) to cancer chemotherapy and to compare the results with ...
Delamere J P - - 1983
The clinical features and genetic background of 18 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were investigated following the development of penicillamine-induced myasthenia (PIM). The initial myasthenia symptoms in all patients consisted of variable diplopia and/or ptosis with progression to a more generalized involvement in 7 of them. No clinical, humoral, or genetic ...
Swinson C M - - 1983
Coeliac patients are at greater risk than the general population of developing malignant neoplasms, particularly lymphomas. The establishment at the Clinical Research Centre of a national collaborative study of coeliac patients with malignancy provided the opportunity to carry out HLA typing for 55 HLA-A, B and C and the 10 ...
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