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Results 451 - 500 of 693
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Smith K J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: In HIV-1-positive patients there have been no prospective studies that show an increase in cutaneous neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: We observed HIV-1-positive patients to determine whether or not there was an increased incidence of cutaneous malignancies. METHODS: A total of 724 HIV-1-positive patients were examined during a 36-month period for the ...
Viac J - - 1993
A soluble form of the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) has been reported to be elevated in malignant melanoma. We have studied the expression of sICAM-1 by ELISAs in a series of 85 consecutive sera derived from patients with primary or metastatic melanomas in comparison with control patients and patients with ...
Stricker R B - - 1993
Myasthenic crisis is a potentially life-threatening complication of myasthenia gravis that requires aggressive therapy. We describe four patients in whom myasthenic crisis developed and who failed to respond to initial treatment with intravenous gamma-globulin. All four patients subsequently responded to intensive plasma exchange. Based on our experience, plasmapheresis appears to ...
Blossom G B - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: To assess the change in clinical status of patients with generalized myasthenia gravis treated with thymectomy and to identify prognostic variables that may be of significance in optimizing patient selection. DESIGN: Retrospective review. Mean follow-up period was 41 months. SETTING: Large community hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-seven patients (11 male and ...
Turner M L - - 1993
A prospective study was carried out to determine the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction in patients with lymphoma, and to assess the effect on this of chemotherapy. Twenty consecutive patients presenting with Hodgkin's disease, high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, or low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were studied. All had advanced disease, requiring combination chemotherapy which ...
Mutasim D F - - 1993
Paraneoplastic pemphigus is a newly recognized disease that occurs in some patients with lymphoproliferative neoplasms and occasionally, solid tumors. Patients present with an acute illness of the mucosa and skin that shares clinical and histologic features with erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and pemphigus vulgaris. These patients have antibodies against ...
Matsui M - - 1993
Ten non-myasthenic thymoma patients and 12 patients with other mediastinal tumors were compared with 19 myasthenic thymoma patients with regard to an increase in circulating CD4+CD8+ cells and the presence of anti-acetylcholine receptor and anti-skeletal muscle antibodies. Although seven non-myasthenic thymoma patients showed positive results, the proportion of myasthenic thymoma ...
Stevens H P - - 1993
The development of pellagra in a patient treated with 5-fluorouracil for malignant disease is reported. The aetiology of pellagra in this patient is discussed, and the reasons for possible under-diagnosis of pellagra in association with malignant disease considered. We report a patient who presented with the typical skin changes of ...
Chen W H - - 1993
One hundred and fifty two Chinese patients with myasthenia gravis in Taiwan were investigated for HLA-A, B, C and DR/DQ typing. HLA-Bw46 and DR9 frequencies were significantly increased in patients compared with the control group, and there was a decrease in DR3. Further analysis between different subgroups of patients showed ...
Evoli A - - 1993
The effects of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (i.v.Ig) in 12 MG patients were studied. All patients had severe symptoms. In two cases anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies (anti-AChR abs) were not detectable. I.v.Ig was administered to 9 patients already on long-term immunosuppressive therapy and to 3 patients at the beginning of azathioprine treatment. ...
Hammer E - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of immunophenotyping and Southern blot analysis in the evaluation of patients with cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia (CLH) is controversial. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether adjunctive immunophenotyping and Southern blot analysis are of diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with CLH. METHODS: Immunophenotyping was performed on ...
Scano G - - 1993
We reviewed the studies devoted to investigate the control of breathing in patients with neuromuscular diseases. Neural respiratory drive has been assessed in terms of minute ventilation and mouth occlusion pressure (P0.1) in patients with several types of neuromuscular affections (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, poliomyelitis and post-polio syndrome, Guillain Barré syndrome, ...
Rye B - - 1993
A patient who had pemphigus vulgaris received therapy with gold thiomalate in addition to dexamethasone. Three weeks after the initiation of parenteral gold the patient developed acute hepatitis. Causes other than gold toxicity were ruled out, and the patient recovered completely after discontinuation of gold therapy. This is the first ...
Roelofse J A - - 1993
Experience with the use of propofol for induction and maintenance of anesthesia in patients with myasthenia gravis is limited. This case report documents the safe use of propofol in a patient with myasthenia gravis. Because of its unique pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic profile, propofol may be an ideal agent for safe ...
Hadjipavlou A - - 1992
BACKGROUND: The previously reported incidence of malignant transformation of Paget disease up to 5.5% and its dismal prognosis have prompted the clinical investigation of a large population with Paget disease. METHODS: A chart review of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with a diagnosis of Paget disease between 1970 and 1985 at ...
Barton E N - - 1992
We determined HLA-antigen frequencies and corresponding relative risks (RR) in 30 Jamaicans with myasthenia gravis (MG) and 40 normal controls. Using a microcytotoxicity assay and commercially prepared typing trays, we found that the strongest HLA associations with MG in Jamaicans were with HLA-A2 (RR = 6.15), HLA-B8 (RR = 3.4), ...
Yu Y L - - 1992
A territory-wide study of myasthenia gravis (MG) was conducted in Hong Kong. Two hundred and sixty-two Chinese patients (159 adult and 103 paediatric onset) were identified, corresponding to a point prevalence and period prevalence of 53.5 and 62.2 per million respectively, and an average annual incidence of 4.0 per million ...
Ornstein E - - 1992
The neuromuscular response to pipecuronium bromide (Arduan), 70 micrograms/kg, was studied in 20 elderly (greater than 70 yr) and 10 younger patients (less than 60 yr) during nitrous oxide, fentanyl, and droperidol anesthesia. The adductor pollicis response to single 0.2-ms supramaximal pulses was recorded. Although all younger patients were completely ...
d'Amore F - - 1992
Within a 7-year period 1,597 newly diagnosed cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) were included in a Danish population-based NHL registry. Of these, 602 (38%) were aged 70 years or older (age range 70-94, median: 76.8). They represent the population defined as 'elderly' patients in the present study. The average annual ...
Ragheb S - - 1992
CD5+ B cells comprise a subset of B lymphocytes that may play a pathogenetic role in the development of human autoimmune disease. We previously reported a high-frequency phenotype (greater than 30% CD5+ B cells) in the peripheral blood of 57% of myasthenia gravis (MG) patients and 13% of controls. We ...
Rouseev R - - 1992
Patients (n = 41) with isolated weakness of the eyelids or extraocular muscles, who had been referred for single fiber electromyography (SFEMG), were followed up after 4 to 24 months, At follow-up the patients were classified as "definite ocular myasthenia gravis" (MG), "definite other diagnosis," or "no definite diagnosis" on ...
Martin R - - 1992
Although some authors have reported clinical features of autonomic dysfunction in patients with malignant disease only a few systematic studies have been carried out. We have investigated the autonomic function of 48 patients with carcinoma or lymphoma by testing their cardiovascular reflexes, and compared their results with those of 62 ...
Kuks J B - - 1992
Pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-driven in vitro synthesis of antibodies to the acetylcholine receptor (PSA) was studied in non-thymoma patients with myasthenia gravis. In a group of 46 patients, the occurrence of PSA was related to the presence of the thymus or, in operated patients, the absence of a clinical effect of ...
Cohen-Kaminsky S - - 1992
Soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) levels were followed up after thymectomy by a quantitative immunoradiometric assay in 59 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Increased levels of sIL-2R were found in 30.5% of the patients before thymectomy. Serum levels were significantly higher in severely affected patients. Sequential sampling after thymectomy indicated a ...
Naguib M M Division of Anaesthesia, King Khalid University Hospital, Saudi - - 1992
The use of pipecuronium in two patients with myasthenia gravis undergoing thymectomy is described. Neuromuscular function was monitored throughout using the train-of-four (TOF) mechanical twitch response. The cumulative dose-response to pipecuronium was determined in both patients during nitrous oxide-oxygen-narcotic anaesthesia. Both patients were sensitive to pipecuronium. The ED50 doses of ...
Sethi Jagjit
Direct immunoflurescence was carried out in 20 patients with pemphigus vulgaris and repeated at intervals of 3 months in each patient on 3 occasions or earlier in patients who had a relapse. No correlation was observed between the disease activity and positive DIF. Complement deposition showed an increase or reappeared ...
Barnhill R L - - 1992
There has been concern that individuals with nonfamilial melanoma and dysplastic melanocytic nevi (DMN) are not directly comparable to patients with hereditary melanoma and DMN. Because we have conducted a comprehensive study of nonfamilial melanoma over the past several years, we have addressed the above issue by directly comparing the ...
Aarli J A - - 1992
Three groups of thymectomized patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were selected for study, 16 with thymoma, 16 with thymic atrophy and 32 with follicular hyperplasia of the thymus. All 16 patients with thymoma, 15/16 with thymus atrophy and 30/32 with follicular hyperplasia had AChR antibodies. Non-receptor muscle (CA) antibodies were ...
Vallet B - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of corticosteroid-induced myopathy with involvement of respiratory muscles observed in a myasthenic patient. PATIENT: A 37-years-old woman, under corticosteroid treatment for two years for typical myasthenia gravis was admitted to ICU for acute myasthenic respiratory failure. Weaning from mechanical ventilation remained impossible despite 4 plasma ...
Fiacchino F - - 1991
Recently submaximal train-of-four stimulation of motor nerves has been reported as a reliable technique for monitoring the neuromuscular function in patients awakening from anaesthesia, in order to prevent residual curarization. On the basis of the similarity between curarization and Myasthenia Gravis, we studied the neuromuscular impairment of four myasthenic patients ...
Silverman S S - - 1991
The findings in this prospective study of 214 patients with oral lichen planus were similar to those found in our 1985 evaluation of 570 patients with oral lichen planus. These two groups of patients with oral lichen planus patients constitute the largest series from one clinic. Oral lichen planus was ...
Ben-Ezra J - - 1991
Histiocytosis X (HX) is characterized morphologically by a proliferation of Langerhans' cells (LC), and most often has an indolent, chronic course. To determine whether a distinct clinicopathologic entity of malignant histiocytosis X exists, the authors examined tissues from 31 patients with HX and divided them into four categories. Group A ...
Kuks J B - - 1991
We report azathioprine treatment of 41 patients with myasthenia gravis, with a follow-up of more than 3 yr. The data show that azathioprine is effective in controlling the disease, both as a single drug as well as in combination with prednisone. In addition it may be steroid sparing. Older patients ...
Ben-Baruch G - - 1991
Among two hundred and twenty-one patients admitted with the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), 6 had an underlying malignancy. The rate of underlying malignancy was 1.4% in premenopausal patients and 42.8% in postmenopausal patients. This difference was statistically significant, p less than 0.001. In postmenopausal patients presenting with a ...
Oei T P - - 1991
The reasons why older people smoke have not been examined in the literature. This paper attempted to examine the differences in motivation and maintenance factors of elderly and young smokers using the Horn-Waingrow Why do you smoke questionnaire. One hundred and thirteen clinical patients and 112 non-patient controls were used ...
Fornádi L - - 1991
Evaluation of the results of plasmapheresis therapy is reviewed on 160 patients suffering from myasthenia gravis. This new therapeutical procedure is considered very valuable: improvement can be achieved in 63% of the patients during the therapy, a further improvement in 30% after it. Plasmapheresis is especially effective for patients in ...
Splendiani G - - 1991
We performed ten plasma perfusion (PP) treatments on eight patients affected by Myasthenia Gravis (MG) with high serum levels of autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptors (anti AChR-AB), and one PP treatment on a patient with MG of probable genetic origin and without specific antibodies. All patients (Osserman group III-IV) had undergone ...
Yang B Z - - 1991
We studied 14 cases of myasthenia gravis (MG) with regard to their anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-Ab) production, peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio, and responses of peripheral lymphocytes to PHA and PWM stimulations. We found that the clinical severity was not proportional to AChR-Ab level in serum in terms of whole myasthenic ...
Duncan A G - - 1991
Dermatomyositis is a disease of unknown etiology characterized by progressive, symmetrical, proximal muscle weakness with accompanying compatible cutaneous findings. Thirty-nine patients with dermatomyositis from the Louisville, Kentucky area were enrolled in this study. Patients were grouped into those with or without a malignancy. Ten patients (26%) either had or have ...
Alabi G O - - 1991
A case of malignant melanoma associated with vitiligo in a middle aged Nigerian is presented. The Association has been well documented in some other parts of the world, but this is the first of its type in the West African subregion. The occurrence of vitiligo in melanoma patients is generally ...
Brown T C - - 1990
Myasthenia gravis, a rare disease in children, occurs in a variety of forms. The aetiology and clinical presentations are reviewed. Eight patients who were studied with electromyography are presented. The results show that, in general, patients with the usual pattern of disease are resistant to suxamethonium (ED95 3-4 times normal) ...
Batocchi A P - - 1990
We studied 59 children with myasthenia gravis (MG). Disease onset was pre-pubertal in 26 patients and post-pubertal in 33. The male to female ratio was 0.62 in the early- and 0.17 in the late-onset groups. The frequency of ocular MG was higher in patients with prepubertal onset. Patients with generalized ...
Venning V A - - 1990
In a case control study, the incidence of malignant disease in 84 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) was compared with 168 controls. The rate of malignant disease (past, concurrent or during follow-up) in BP patients was 17.9% compared to 5.3% in the controls. A number of the malignancies occurring in ...
Vedeler C A - - 1990
The complement C3b/C4b receptor (CR1) expression on erythrocytes (E) (ECR1) from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and from blood donors was measured using haemadsorption and indirect hemagglutination techniques. The ECR1 expression in patients with MG appeared to be normal. This was also true for the subgroup of MG patients with ...
Sarkar C - - 1990
Six patients with glial tumours showing xanthomatous change are reported here. Four patients in the series showed features of anaplastic (malignant) glioma or glioblastoma multiforme. In these patients, the astrocytic origin of the xanthomatous cells was confirmed by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry using glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Of these, ...
Younus J - - 1990
A statistically increased incidence of malignancy has been observed in patients with pemphigus. A review of the literature reveals 42 cases of nonthymic malignancies and 18 cases of thymic malignancies. A significant predominance of men, with mean age at onset of 50 years, was observed. Pemphigus vulgaris is more common ...
Chwalińska-Sadowska H - - 1990
Therapeutic results were analysed in 50 patients, including 17 with polymyositis (PM) and 30 with dermatomyositis (DM). All patients were treated with prednisone (Encorton, Polfa) and 47% of patients with PM and 73% with DM required combined treatment with prednisone and cytostatic agents, mostly with cyclophosphamide (Endoxan G.D.R.). Long-term treatment ...
Kenik J G - - 1990
We describe a patient with multicentric reticulohistiocytosis and a history of malignant melanoma. His widely disseminated disease did not affect the site of surgical removal of the malignant melanoma nor the donor site of a skin graft. The multicentric reticulohistiocytosis progressed while the patient was taking nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents, but ...
Chwalińska-Sadowska H - - 1990
Clinical symptoms and signs and the frequency of abnormalities in the results of enzymatic, electromyographic, histological and serological tests were analysed in 50 patients, including 17 with polymyositis (PM) and 33 with dermatomyositis (DM), groups I and II according to Bohan's classification and followed-up for 25 years. Weakness of the ...
Taghavi E - - 1990
The author identified the clinical picture of 11 patients with premenstrual complaint in a genealogical tree spanning three generations. Seven patients who satisfied criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) were treated successfully with amitriptyline. The possible role of antidepressant treatment for PMS is discussed. The possibility is raised of genetic predisposition ...
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