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Results 451 - 500 of 670
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Kuks J B - - 1992
Pokeweed mitogen (PWM)-driven in vitro synthesis of antibodies to the acetylcholine receptor (PSA) was studied in non-thymoma patients with myasthenia gravis. In a group of 46 patients, the occurrence of PSA was related to the presence of the thymus or, in operated patients, the absence of a clinical effect of ...
Cohen-Kaminsky S - - 1992
Soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) levels were followed up after thymectomy by a quantitative immunoradiometric assay in 59 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Increased levels of sIL-2R were found in 30.5% of the patients before thymectomy. Serum levels were significantly higher in severely affected patients. Sequential sampling after thymectomy indicated a ...
Sethi Jagjit
Direct immunoflurescence was carried out in 20 patients with pemphigus vulgaris and repeated at intervals of 3 months in each patient on 3 occasions or earlier in patients who had a relapse. No correlation was observed between the disease activity and positive DIF. Complement deposition showed an increase or reappeared ...
Barnhill R L - - 1992
There has been concern that individuals with nonfamilial melanoma and dysplastic melanocytic nevi (DMN) are not directly comparable to patients with hereditary melanoma and DMN. Because we have conducted a comprehensive study of nonfamilial melanoma over the past several years, we have addressed the above issue by directly comparing the ...
Aarli J A - - 1992
Three groups of thymectomized patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were selected for study, 16 with thymoma, 16 with thymic atrophy and 32 with follicular hyperplasia of the thymus. All 16 patients with thymoma, 15/16 with thymus atrophy and 30/32 with follicular hyperplasia had AChR antibodies. Non-receptor muscle (CA) antibodies were ...
Vallet B - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of corticosteroid-induced myopathy with involvement of respiratory muscles observed in a myasthenic patient. PATIENT: A 37-years-old woman, under corticosteroid treatment for two years for typical myasthenia gravis was admitted to ICU for acute myasthenic respiratory failure. Weaning from mechanical ventilation remained impossible despite 4 plasma ...
Fiacchino F - - 1991
Recently submaximal train-of-four stimulation of motor nerves has been reported as a reliable technique for monitoring the neuromuscular function in patients awakening from anaesthesia, in order to prevent residual curarization. On the basis of the similarity between curarization and Myasthenia Gravis, we studied the neuromuscular impairment of four myasthenic patients ...
Silverman S S - - 1991
The findings in this prospective study of 214 patients with oral lichen planus were similar to those found in our 1985 evaluation of 570 patients with oral lichen planus. These two groups of patients with oral lichen planus patients constitute the largest series from one clinic. Oral lichen planus was ...
Ben-Ezra J - - 1991
Histiocytosis X (HX) is characterized morphologically by a proliferation of Langerhans' cells (LC), and most often has an indolent, chronic course. To determine whether a distinct clinicopathologic entity of malignant histiocytosis X exists, the authors examined tissues from 31 patients with HX and divided them into four categories. Group A ...
Kuks J B - - 1991
We report azathioprine treatment of 41 patients with myasthenia gravis, with a follow-up of more than 3 yr. The data show that azathioprine is effective in controlling the disease, both as a single drug as well as in combination with prednisone. In addition it may be steroid sparing. Older patients ...
Ben-Baruch G - - 1991
Among two hundred and twenty-one patients admitted with the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), 6 had an underlying malignancy. The rate of underlying malignancy was 1.4% in premenopausal patients and 42.8% in postmenopausal patients. This difference was statistically significant, p less than 0.001. In postmenopausal patients presenting with a ...
Oei T P - - 1991
The reasons why older people smoke have not been examined in the literature. This paper attempted to examine the differences in motivation and maintenance factors of elderly and young smokers using the Horn-Waingrow Why do you smoke questionnaire. One hundred and thirteen clinical patients and 112 non-patient controls were used ...
Fornádi L - - 1991
Evaluation of the results of plasmapheresis therapy is reviewed on 160 patients suffering from myasthenia gravis. This new therapeutical procedure is considered very valuable: improvement can be achieved in 63% of the patients during the therapy, a further improvement in 30% after it. Plasmapheresis is especially effective for patients in ...
Splendiani G - - 1991
We performed ten plasma perfusion (PP) treatments on eight patients affected by Myasthenia Gravis (MG) with high serum levels of autoantibodies against acetylcholine receptors (anti AChR-AB), and one PP treatment on a patient with MG of probable genetic origin and without specific antibodies. All patients (Osserman group III-IV) had undergone ...
Yang B Z - - 1991
We studied 14 cases of myasthenia gravis (MG) with regard to their anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-Ab) production, peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio, and responses of peripheral lymphocytes to PHA and PWM stimulations. We found that the clinical severity was not proportional to AChR-Ab level in serum in terms of whole myasthenic ...
Duncan A G - - 1991
Dermatomyositis is a disease of unknown etiology characterized by progressive, symmetrical, proximal muscle weakness with accompanying compatible cutaneous findings. Thirty-nine patients with dermatomyositis from the Louisville, Kentucky area were enrolled in this study. Patients were grouped into those with or without a malignancy. Ten patients (26%) either had or have ...
Alabi G O - - 1991
A case of malignant melanoma associated with vitiligo in a middle aged Nigerian is presented. The Association has been well documented in some other parts of the world, but this is the first of its type in the West African subregion. The occurrence of vitiligo in melanoma patients is generally ...
Brown T C - - 1990
Myasthenia gravis, a rare disease in children, occurs in a variety of forms. The aetiology and clinical presentations are reviewed. Eight patients who were studied with electromyography are presented. The results show that, in general, patients with the usual pattern of disease are resistant to suxamethonium (ED95 3-4 times normal) ...
Batocchi A P - - 1990
We studied 59 children with myasthenia gravis (MG). Disease onset was pre-pubertal in 26 patients and post-pubertal in 33. The male to female ratio was 0.62 in the early- and 0.17 in the late-onset groups. The frequency of ocular MG was higher in patients with prepubertal onset. Patients with generalized ...
Venning V A - - 1990
In a case control study, the incidence of malignant disease in 84 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) was compared with 168 controls. The rate of malignant disease (past, concurrent or during follow-up) in BP patients was 17.9% compared to 5.3% in the controls. A number of the malignancies occurring in ...
Vedeler C A - - 1990
The complement C3b/C4b receptor (CR1) expression on erythrocytes (E) (ECR1) from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and from blood donors was measured using haemadsorption and indirect hemagglutination techniques. The ECR1 expression in patients with MG appeared to be normal. This was also true for the subgroup of MG patients with ...
Sarkar C - - 1990
Six patients with glial tumours showing xanthomatous change are reported here. Four patients in the series showed features of anaplastic (malignant) glioma or glioblastoma multiforme. In these patients, the astrocytic origin of the xanthomatous cells was confirmed by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry using glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Of these, ...
Younus J - - 1990
A statistically increased incidence of malignancy has been observed in patients with pemphigus. A review of the literature reveals 42 cases of nonthymic malignancies and 18 cases of thymic malignancies. A significant predominance of men, with mean age at onset of 50 years, was observed. Pemphigus vulgaris is more common ...
Chwalińska-Sadowska H - - 1990
Therapeutic results were analysed in 50 patients, including 17 with polymyositis (PM) and 30 with dermatomyositis (DM). All patients were treated with prednisone (Encorton, Polfa) and 47% of patients with PM and 73% with DM required combined treatment with prednisone and cytostatic agents, mostly with cyclophosphamide (Endoxan G.D.R.). Long-term treatment ...
Kenik J G - - 1990
We describe a patient with multicentric reticulohistiocytosis and a history of malignant melanoma. His widely disseminated disease did not affect the site of surgical removal of the malignant melanoma nor the donor site of a skin graft. The multicentric reticulohistiocytosis progressed while the patient was taking nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents, but ...
Chwalińska-Sadowska H - - 1990
Clinical symptoms and signs and the frequency of abnormalities in the results of enzymatic, electromyographic, histological and serological tests were analysed in 50 patients, including 17 with polymyositis (PM) and 33 with dermatomyositis (DM), groups I and II according to Bohan's classification and followed-up for 25 years. Weakness of the ...
Taghavi E - - 1990
The author identified the clinical picture of 11 patients with premenstrual complaint in a genealogical tree spanning three generations. Seven patients who satisfied criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) were treated successfully with amitriptyline. The possible role of antidepressant treatment for PMS is discussed. The possibility is raised of genetic predisposition ...
Gilhus N E - - 1990
Gm and Km allotypes were examined in 29 myasthenia gravis patients with a thymoma and non-receptor skeletal muscle antibodies. The frequency of the phenotype Gm1,2,3;23;5,21 was significantly higher in the patients than in 292 healthy controls (P less than 0.01). Km allotype frequencies did not differ in patients and controls.
Okunieff P - - 1990
Water-suppressed proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of plasma was proposed as a technique for detecting malignant tumors. In that analysis, bloods drawn from cancer patients at the Beth Israel Hospital (BIH; Boston, MA), were easily distinguished from normal subjects by measuring and averaging the proton NMR methyl and methylene line ...
Eisenkraft J B - - 1990
A cumulative dose plus infusion technique and integrated EMG monitoring of the first dorsal interosseous muscle were used to determine the potency of vecuronium in 20 normal patients and in ten patients with myasthenia gravis under thiamylal, N2O, O2, fentanyl anaesthesia. The mean (+/- SEM) values for ED50, ED90, and ...
Grando S A - - 1990
Hemocarboadsorption (HCA) with the following immunosuppressive therapy was used to treat 48 patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and 31 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) in the acute phase. The levels of autoantibodies, eicosanoids, endoproteases and their inhibitors as well as interleukin (IL) 1 and IL 2 production and absorption of ...
Fonseca V - - 1990
Twenty-seven patients with myasthenia gravis have been treated with azathioprine in conjunction with pyridostigmine and prednisolone for a total of 138 patient years. Side effects necessitated discontinuation of treatment in only four patients. Treatment with azathioprine was associated with marked clinical improvement in all the remaining 23 patients, resulting in ...
Nilsson E - - 1990
Seventeen myasthenia gravis and seven control patients were studied mechano (MMG)- and electromyographically (EMG) during isoflurane/oxygen/air anaesthesia. In myasthenic patients the mean train-of-four ratio and neuromuscular block (by MMG) during 1.9 MAC isoflurane anaesthesia were 55 +/- 9% and 46 +/- 12%, respectively. The correlation between simultaneous MMG and EMG ...
Chan P C - - 1990
Two myasthenia gravis patients developed nephrotic syndrome due to minimal change glomerulopathy 3 to 14 years after thymectomy for malignant thymoma. Impaired cellular and humoral immunity has been documented in patients with thymoma and persists after thymectomy. The occurrence of minimal change disease lends support to the hypothesis that the ...
Emeryk B - - 1990
The patients with pure ocular myasthenia presenting no signs of neuromuscular transmission defect on classical supramaximal repetitive stimulation were studied using SFMG method. Only those patients were selected to the study in whom the diagnosis of the ocular myasthenia was confirmed by the clinical criteria arranged so as to exclude ...
Carlsson B - - 1990
We have investigated the HLA-DRB and -DQB gene polymorphism in 131 myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. The HLA genotypes in these patients were assigned by means of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-defined DR-DQ haplotypes, correlating to serologic HLA class II typing. Using this technique we could, among randomly selected non-thymomatous (NT)-MG ...
Chiedozie L C - - 1990
376 Nigerian women who presented with histologically proved breast tumour (256 benign and 120 malignant) were admitted to a study of mastalgia and breast tumour. A total of 67 patients, consisting of 57 (22.3%) of 256 benign disease patients and 10 (8.3%) of 120 malignant disease patient had pain, compared ...
Patterson R - - 1990
A patient with idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA), classified as generalized IA with frequent episodes, had original episodes in 1985 and has been managed and studied by the authors since 1987. Although her episodes of IA appear to have been controlled by prednisone, progressively larger doses of prednisone have been required. The ...
Havard C W - - 1990
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder in which neuromuscular transmission is impaired by autoantibodies to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR). There are 3 varieties of generalised myasthenia with differing genetic susceptibilities. There is also a purely ocular form in which the weakness is confined to the extraocular muscles, and a neonatal ...
Lennon V A VA Department of Immunology, University of Minnesota, - - 1989
Serum autoantibodies found by radioimmunoassay in 27 of 52 patients with the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LES) bound specifically to a soluble omega-conotoxin binding component of a voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) complex extracted from small cell lung carcinoma (SCC). These antibodies were not found in 43 control patients with other neurologic ...
Camacho A E - - 1989
A parotid mass in a pediatric patient is stated to have an approximately 50% likelihood of being malignant. To evaluate our experience in light of this suggested incidence, we conducted a retrospective study, which included 22 patients treated over an 8-year period, 1979 to 1987. Patients' ages ranged from 16 ...
Rook A H - - 1989
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy is a new form of immunotherapy which involves the extracorporeal photoinactivation of peripheral blood cells by 8-methoxypsoralen in the presence of ultraviolet A irradiation, followed by readministration of the cells. To explore the efficacy of this therapy in the treatment of autoimmune disease, four patients with a lengthy ...
Kim J M - - 1989
We describe a sero-negative ocular myasthenic patient who showed exaggerated responses to both vecuronium and neostigmine. These hypersensitive responses were not anticipated because preoperative clinical and laboratory evaluations suggested a negligible impairment of somatic muscles by myasthenic processes. This case report re-emphasizes that, if neuromuscular blocking agents and their antagonists ...
Bischoff C - - 1989
The decay and recovery of stapedial reflex amplitude was investigated in 19 patients with myasthenia gravis and 30 control subjects. In 9 untreated patients the amplitude was reduced to less than 10% of the initial amplitude following continuous stimulation for 120 s, whereas the maximum decay in the control subjects ...
Atoba M A - - 1989
The records of 695 patients with confirmed gastroenterological malignancies over a 10 year period (January 1976-December 1985) were analysed. Of these, 264 patients (37.98%) were below the age of 40 years. Primary liver cell carcinoma was the commonest malignancy while gallbladder and oropharyngeal cancers were the least common. Most of ...
Oh S J - - 1989
Among 13 patients with the Lambert-Eaton myathenic syndrome (LEMS), three different patterns on the repetitive nerve stimulation test were observed at the time of initial testing. Type 1 pattern, seen in one patient, had low normal CMAP amplitude, decremental response at the low rate of stimulation (LRS), and relatively normal ...
Perry R R - - 1989
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) occurs only rarely in the patient with lymphoma. Two cases are presented to illustrate the challenges in managing TEF in this patient population. Most of the 38 previously reported cases have occurred in patients who have undergone radiation therapy, although several patients have had TEF as an ...
Giagheddu M - - 1989
From 1.1.1958 to 31.12.1986, 110 cases of MG were observed in Sardinia, with a mean annual incidence of 2.5 x 1,000,000 inhabitants and prevalence rates of 7.5, 17.6, 31.4 and 45.0 x 1,000,000 inhabitants respectively (prevalence days: 15.10.1961, 24.10.1971, 25.10.1981 and 31.12.1986). The disease was found to be more frequent ...
Carey R W - - 1989
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TM) occurred 14 to 27 months after last chemotherapy in two patients with diffuse large cell lymphoma and in one patient with Hodgkin's disease. Death from TM occurred in two patients who had no evidence of lymphoma at postmortem examination, and the lone survivor's disease is in complete ...
David M - - 1989
Direct and indirect immunofluorescent studies (DIF, IIF) were performed on 24 pemphigus vulgaris patients who were in a state of clinical remission. The tests were repeated after an interval of 6 months. All the patients were on maintenance therapy with oral prednisone. The DIF in eight patients showed negative results ...
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