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Results 451 - 500 of 651
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Venning V A - - 1990
In a case control study, the incidence of malignant disease in 84 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) was compared with 168 controls. The rate of malignant disease (past, concurrent or during follow-up) in BP patients was 17.9% compared to 5.3% in the controls. A number of the malignancies occurring in ...
Vedeler C A - - 1990
The complement C3b/C4b receptor (CR1) expression on erythrocytes (E) (ECR1) from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and from blood donors was measured using haemadsorption and indirect hemagglutination techniques. The ECR1 expression in patients with MG appeared to be normal. This was also true for the subgroup of MG patients with ...
Sarkar C - - 1990
Six patients with glial tumours showing xanthomatous change are reported here. Four patients in the series showed features of anaplastic (malignant) glioma or glioblastoma multiforme. In these patients, the astrocytic origin of the xanthomatous cells was confirmed by electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry using glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Of these, ...
Younus J - - 1990
A statistically increased incidence of malignancy has been observed in patients with pemphigus. A review of the literature reveals 42 cases of nonthymic malignancies and 18 cases of thymic malignancies. A significant predominance of men, with mean age at onset of 50 years, was observed. Pemphigus vulgaris is more common ...
Chwalińska-Sadowska H - - 1990
Therapeutic results were analysed in 50 patients, including 17 with polymyositis (PM) and 30 with dermatomyositis (DM). All patients were treated with prednisone (Encorton, Polfa) and 47% of patients with PM and 73% with DM required combined treatment with prednisone and cytostatic agents, mostly with cyclophosphamide (Endoxan G.D.R.). Long-term treatment ...
Kenik J G - - 1990
We describe a patient with multicentric reticulohistiocytosis and a history of malignant melanoma. His widely disseminated disease did not affect the site of surgical removal of the malignant melanoma nor the donor site of a skin graft. The multicentric reticulohistiocytosis progressed while the patient was taking nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents, but ...
Chwalińska-Sadowska H - - 1990
Clinical symptoms and signs and the frequency of abnormalities in the results of enzymatic, electromyographic, histological and serological tests were analysed in 50 patients, including 17 with polymyositis (PM) and 33 with dermatomyositis (DM), groups I and II according to Bohan's classification and followed-up for 25 years. Weakness of the ...
Taghavi E - - 1990
The author identified the clinical picture of 11 patients with premenstrual complaint in a genealogical tree spanning three generations. Seven patients who satisfied criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) were treated successfully with amitriptyline. The possible role of antidepressant treatment for PMS is discussed. The possibility is raised of genetic predisposition ...
Gilhus N E - - 1990
Gm and Km allotypes were examined in 29 myasthenia gravis patients with a thymoma and non-receptor skeletal muscle antibodies. The frequency of the phenotype Gm1,2,3;23;5,21 was significantly higher in the patients than in 292 healthy controls (P less than 0.01). Km allotype frequencies did not differ in patients and controls.
Okunieff P - - 1990
Water-suppressed proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of plasma was proposed as a technique for detecting malignant tumors. In that analysis, bloods drawn from cancer patients at the Beth Israel Hospital (BIH; Boston, MA), were easily distinguished from normal subjects by measuring and averaging the proton NMR methyl and methylene line ...
Eisenkraft J B - - 1990
A cumulative dose plus infusion technique and integrated EMG monitoring of the first dorsal interosseous muscle were used to determine the potency of vecuronium in 20 normal patients and in ten patients with myasthenia gravis under thiamylal, N2O, O2, fentanyl anaesthesia. The mean (+/- SEM) values for ED50, ED90, and ...
Grando S A - - 1990
Hemocarboadsorption (HCA) with the following immunosuppressive therapy was used to treat 48 patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and 31 patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) in the acute phase. The levels of autoantibodies, eicosanoids, endoproteases and their inhibitors as well as interleukin (IL) 1 and IL 2 production and absorption of ...
Fonseca V - - 1990
Twenty-seven patients with myasthenia gravis have been treated with azathioprine in conjunction with pyridostigmine and prednisolone for a total of 138 patient years. Side effects necessitated discontinuation of treatment in only four patients. Treatment with azathioprine was associated with marked clinical improvement in all the remaining 23 patients, resulting in ...
Nilsson E - - 1990
Seventeen myasthenia gravis and seven control patients were studied mechano (MMG)- and electromyographically (EMG) during isoflurane/oxygen/air anaesthesia. In myasthenic patients the mean train-of-four ratio and neuromuscular block (by MMG) during 1.9 MAC isoflurane anaesthesia were 55 +/- 9% and 46 +/- 12%, respectively. The correlation between simultaneous MMG and EMG ...
Chan P C - - 1990
Two myasthenia gravis patients developed nephrotic syndrome due to minimal change glomerulopathy 3 to 14 years after thymectomy for malignant thymoma. Impaired cellular and humoral immunity has been documented in patients with thymoma and persists after thymectomy. The occurrence of minimal change disease lends support to the hypothesis that the ...
Emeryk B - - 1990
The patients with pure ocular myasthenia presenting no signs of neuromuscular transmission defect on classical supramaximal repetitive stimulation were studied using SFMG method. Only those patients were selected to the study in whom the diagnosis of the ocular myasthenia was confirmed by the clinical criteria arranged so as to exclude ...
Carlsson B - - 1990
We have investigated the HLA-DRB and -DQB gene polymorphism in 131 myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. The HLA genotypes in these patients were assigned by means of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-defined DR-DQ haplotypes, correlating to serologic HLA class II typing. Using this technique we could, among randomly selected non-thymomatous (NT)-MG ...
Chiedozie L C - - 1990
376 Nigerian women who presented with histologically proved breast tumour (256 benign and 120 malignant) were admitted to a study of mastalgia and breast tumour. A total of 67 patients, consisting of 57 (22.3%) of 256 benign disease patients and 10 (8.3%) of 120 malignant disease patient had pain, compared ...
Patterson R - - 1990
A patient with idiopathic anaphylaxis (IA), classified as generalized IA with frequent episodes, had original episodes in 1985 and has been managed and studied by the authors since 1987. Although her episodes of IA appear to have been controlled by prednisone, progressively larger doses of prednisone have been required. The ...
Havard C W - - 1990
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder in which neuromuscular transmission is impaired by autoantibodies to the acetylcholine receptor (AChR). There are 3 varieties of generalised myasthenia with differing genetic susceptibilities. There is also a purely ocular form in which the weakness is confined to the extraocular muscles, and a neonatal ...
Lennon V A VA Department of Immunology, University of Minnesota, - - 1989
Serum autoantibodies found by radioimmunoassay in 27 of 52 patients with the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LES) bound specifically to a soluble omega-conotoxin binding component of a voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) complex extracted from small cell lung carcinoma (SCC). These antibodies were not found in 43 control patients with other neurologic ...
Camacho A E - - 1989
A parotid mass in a pediatric patient is stated to have an approximately 50% likelihood of being malignant. To evaluate our experience in light of this suggested incidence, we conducted a retrospective study, which included 22 patients treated over an 8-year period, 1979 to 1987. Patients' ages ranged from 16 ...
Rook A H - - 1989
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy is a new form of immunotherapy which involves the extracorporeal photoinactivation of peripheral blood cells by 8-methoxypsoralen in the presence of ultraviolet A irradiation, followed by readministration of the cells. To explore the efficacy of this therapy in the treatment of autoimmune disease, four patients with a lengthy ...
Kim J M - - 1989
We describe a sero-negative ocular myasthenic patient who showed exaggerated responses to both vecuronium and neostigmine. These hypersensitive responses were not anticipated because preoperative clinical and laboratory evaluations suggested a negligible impairment of somatic muscles by myasthenic processes. This case report re-emphasizes that, if neuromuscular blocking agents and their antagonists ...
Bischoff C - - 1989
The decay and recovery of stapedial reflex amplitude was investigated in 19 patients with myasthenia gravis and 30 control subjects. In 9 untreated patients the amplitude was reduced to less than 10% of the initial amplitude following continuous stimulation for 120 s, whereas the maximum decay in the control subjects ...
Atoba M A - - 1989
The records of 695 patients with confirmed gastroenterological malignancies over a 10 year period (January 1976-December 1985) were analysed. Of these, 264 patients (37.98%) were below the age of 40 years. Primary liver cell carcinoma was the commonest malignancy while gallbladder and oropharyngeal cancers were the least common. Most of ...
Oh S J - - 1989
Among 13 patients with the Lambert-Eaton myathenic syndrome (LEMS), three different patterns on the repetitive nerve stimulation test were observed at the time of initial testing. Type 1 pattern, seen in one patient, had low normal CMAP amplitude, decremental response at the low rate of stimulation (LRS), and relatively normal ...
Perry R R - - 1989
Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) occurs only rarely in the patient with lymphoma. Two cases are presented to illustrate the challenges in managing TEF in this patient population. Most of the 38 previously reported cases have occurred in patients who have undergone radiation therapy, although several patients have had TEF as an ...
Giagheddu M - - 1989
From 1.1.1958 to 31.12.1986, 110 cases of MG were observed in Sardinia, with a mean annual incidence of 2.5 x 1,000,000 inhabitants and prevalence rates of 7.5, 17.6, 31.4 and 45.0 x 1,000,000 inhabitants respectively (prevalence days: 15.10.1961, 24.10.1971, 25.10.1981 and 31.12.1986). The disease was found to be more frequent ...
Carey R W - - 1989
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TM) occurred 14 to 27 months after last chemotherapy in two patients with diffuse large cell lymphoma and in one patient with Hodgkin's disease. Death from TM occurred in two patients who had no evidence of lymphoma at postmortem examination, and the lone survivor's disease is in complete ...
David M - - 1989
Direct and indirect immunofluorescent studies (DIF, IIF) were performed on 24 pemphigus vulgaris patients who were in a state of clinical remission. The tests were repeated after an interval of 6 months. All the patients were on maintenance therapy with oral prednisone. The DIF in eight patients showed negative results ...
Shimizu K - - 1989
We reviewed the records of 107 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) to evaluate the relation between second primary neoplasms and the NHL immunophenotype. The incidence of second primary neoplasms was 3.7%. There were one case of hepatocellular carcinoma and 3 cases of gastric adenocarcinoma including one patient who had a ...
Lahav M - - 1989
We report a case of idiopathic cold agglutinin disease (ICAD) that responded well to corticosteroid therapy, though generally these patients show no response to such therapy. The cold agglutinins in this patient were found to be of low titer (1:32) and wide thermal range (4-37 degrees C). Three patients with ...
Jabre J F - - 1989
The diagnostic usefulness of single-fiber electromyography (SFEMG) in the diagnosis of neuromuscular transmission disorders is well established. Increased jitter is one of the earliest indications of abnormality. In patients with severe weakness, tremor, or altered consciousness, performance of the study is difficult because of the degree of cooperation needed. We ...
Somer H - - 1989
Patient registers on myasthenia gravis (94 patients) and multiple sclerosis (991 patients) from a population of 1.5 million were reviewed to find patients with both diseases. Seven potential candidates were found, but both diagnoses were confirmed in 2 women only. The first patient had also iritis, the second patient had, ...
Sheehan-Dare R A - - 1988
Seventy patients with lymphomas and leukaemias were interviewed. Details of past acne vulgaris were recorded and a clinical examination performed. A history of acne was less common in the patients than in matched controls. In addition, fewer patients had received treatment prescribed by a medical practitioner for their acne than ...
Ellis K - - 1988
From 1973 through 1986, 154 consecutive patients who had a transsternal thymectomy for myasthenia gravis had preoperative radiologic evaluation for a possible thymoma. Examinations included posteroanterior and lateral (n = 154) and shallow oblique (n = 126) chest radiography, linear tomography (n = 80), and chest CT (n = 96). ...
Parris W C - - 1988
Two cases are presented of malignant hyperthermia in black patients. One patient developed signs of malignant hyperthermia during general anesthesia that was successfully treated with dantrolene sodium and cooling. A second patient was retrospectively diagnosed as having an atypical variant of malignant hyperthermia secondary to heat stroke and general anesthesia; ...
Majer M C - - 1988
Fifty-seven patients with palpably enlarged peripheral lymph nodes underwent detailed ultrasonographic (US) examination with a 5.0-MHz and a 7.5-MHz probe. In 32 of 36 patients with malignant lymphoma (12 with Hodgkin disease, 24 with non-Hodgkin lymphoma) US showed a hypoechoic mass with a centrally located tubular structure. Pathologic examination showed ...
Addonizio G - - 1988
This retrospective study examined the common notion that neuroleptic-induced dystonia is less frequent in elderly patients. The hospital records of 45 young patients and 45 elderly patients were reviewed. Thirty-one percent of the young patients developed dystonia, compared to 2% of the elderly patients. This significant difference did not appear ...
Barthelemy H - - 1988
The effects of cyclosporine were studied in nine patients suffering from pemphigus vulgaris. Of four patients treated with cyclosporine alone, only one cleared. Of four corticosteroid-resistant pemphigus vulgaris patients, all improved after cyclosporine addition to corticosteroids. The last patient treated from the beginning with a combined treatment (cyclosporine-corticosteroids) did not ...
Garcia Erro M I - - 1988
Twelve patients between 15 months and 13 years of age with clinical and pharmacological features of myasthenia gravis were studied. Repetitive nerve stimulation did not offer valuable information; the patients demonstrated either inspecific muscular decremental response or had normal behavior. Two clear groups of patients were identified after measurements of ...
Wolf R - - 1988
We report our experience in the treatment of two patients with aquagenic pruritus of the elderly and two patients with aquagenic pruritus. Our findings confirm previous reports by others indicating that aquagenic pruritus is not one homogenous entity but rather is composed of two similar but distinct entities, each of ...
Arsura E L - - 1988
The authors administered repeated courses of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) to nine patients at the onset of an exacerbation of generalized myasthenia gravis (MG). Anticholinesterase medication (nine patients) and corticosteroid dosage (six patients) had been kept constant for a 2-month period. Six patients received two courses, two patients received three courses, ...
Soliven B C - - 1988
Of 221 patients with myasthenia gravis, 18.5% had no detectable antibodies to acetylcholine receptor. Seven of 14 patients (50%) with only ocular symptoms for more than 2 years were seronegative, and 25 of 145 (17%) patients with generalized myasthenia were seronegative. The clinical characteristics of seronegative patients did not differ ...
Nyberg-Hansen R - - 1988
Six patients (4 females, 2 males) with generalized myasthenia gravis (MG) have been treated in an open study with ciclosporin (5-10 mg/kg/day), originally for 28 weeks. The age of the patients ranged from 16-61 years and the duration of symptoms from 5-30 years. Four of the patients had been thymectomized. ...
Weisenthal R - - 1988
Malignant lymphocytic lymphoma rarely involves the eye. In two patients we found ocular signs and symptoms as the initial presentation of systemic disease. In the first patient periorbital swelling and ptosis of one year's duration ultimately proved to be the result of malignant lymphoma. After resolution of swelling and ptosis ...
Ording H - - 1988
Neuromuscular blockade was obtained with vecuronium 108 micrograms kg-1 in 44 patients undergoing diagnostic muscle biopsy as part of an investigation of malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility. At the termination of anaesthesia doxapram 1.43 mg kg-1 was given in an attempt to antagonize postoperative respiratory depression. Rectal, muscle and skin temperatures, ...
St Louis M E - - 1988
Diagnosis of botulism in two teenaged sisters in Montreal led to the identification of 36 previously unrecognized cases of type B botulism in persons who had eaten at a restaurant in Vancouver, British Columbia, during the preceding 6 weeks. A case-control study implicated a new vehicle for botulism, commercial chopped ...
Ganczarczyk M L - - 1988
Nailfold capillary microscopy was performed in 19 patients with polymyositis (PM) and 16 with dermatomyositis (DM). Enlarged capillary loops were seen more frequently in patients with DM (56%) than in those with PM (21%). Avascular lesions occurred in both PM and DM, but were more prevalent and more severe in ...
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