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Smargiassi Andrea A Pulmonary Medicine Department, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, - - 2014
Background: Skeletal muscle weakness with loss of fat-free mass (FFM) is one of the main systemic effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The diaphragm is also involved, leading to disadvantageous conditions and poor contractile capacities. Objectives: We measured the thickness of the diaphragm (TD) by ultrasonography to evaluate the ...
Cavalcanti Ana Gabriela L AG Department of Physical Therapy, Cardiorespiratory Physical Therapy Laboratory , Federal University of Pernambuco, Av. Jornalista Anibal Fernandes, s/n, Cidade Universitária, Recife , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Evaluate the influence of posture on ventilatory pattern, compartmental distribution of volume of chest wall and thoraco-abdominal kinematics of patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Twelve, male patients with severe COPD (Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1) = 24.35 ± 4.52%, Forced Vital Capacity% ...
Sáez-Francàs Naia N Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitari Vall d׳Hebron, Passeig de la Vall d׳Hebron 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Department of Psychiatry and Legal Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Neuroticism is the personality dimension most frequently associated with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Most studies have also shown that CFS patients are less extraverted than non-CFS patients, but results have been inconsistent, possibly because the facets of the extraversion dimension have not been separately analyzed. This study has the following ...
Feng Wei - - 2014
Vasospastic angina (VSA) is a special form of atherosclerotic disease. There is some evidence suggesting a relationship between inflammation and VSA. We sought to demonstrate the relationship between high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a sensitive marker of inflammation, and the asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA)-induced endothelial dysfunction pathway in patients with VSA. We ...
Park Seong-Cheol SC Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
We investigated the relationship between locations of broadband peri-ictal electrocorticographic activities determined by a semi-automatic detection method and seizure onset zones in medically intractable epilepsy patients. We included 18 patients. Peri-ictal periods (-15 to +5s from the ictal onset) were divided into 4 periods of 5s duration each in bandwidth ...
Alonso Erik E Communications Engineering Department, University of the BasqueCountry UPV/EHU, Alameda Urquijo S/N 48013 Bilbao, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the relationship between the depth of the chest compressions and the fluctuation caused in the thoracic impedance (TI) signal in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The ultimate goal was to evaluate whether it is possible to identify compressions with inadequate depth using information of the TI waveform. 60 OHCA ...
Rialp G G Servei de Medicina Intensiva, Hospital Son Llàtzer, Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears, - - 2014
There is controversy about the effects of high plasma bicarbonate concentration ([HCO3(-)]) and the CO2 response test. We analyzed the relationship between [HCO3(-)] and the variation in hydrogen ion concentration (pH) for a given change in PaCO2, and its effects upon CO2 response. A retrospective study was carried out. Two ...
Luukkainen Annika A Department of Clinical Medicine, Finn-Medi III, University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
Asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNPs) are coexisting diseases that are multifactorial. The rural environment seems to protect from atopy, but its relation with nonatopic airway inflammations has been less investigated. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an enzyme involved in the catabolism of the essential amino acid tryptophan (Trp) ...
Budulgan Mahmut M Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Division of Rheumatology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, - - 2013
To determine the relationship between serum leptin levels and disease activity in systemic sclerosis (SSc). A total of 60 subjects (30 controls and 30 patients) were included. The inflammatory markers and leptin levels were evaluated and body mass index (BMI) was measured for both groups. The assessment of the skin ...
Xu Ding-Ting - - 2013
Symptoms, endoscopy, and pH monitoring form the basis of diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Their relationship was meaningful for primary care physicians, but still unclear. Our research aimed to compare questionnaire, endoscopy, and pH monitoring and to analyze their correlations. Three hundred patients who underwent the Reflux Disease Questionnaire ...
Brookes Rebecca L - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the relationships between executive dysfunction, awareness deficits and perceptions of quality of life (QOL) in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). Method: We tested neuropsychological function with simultaneous measurement of awareness performance in 125 participants. Forty-five were carefully phenotyped patients with SVD, defined as a lacunar ...
Baek Se-Jin SJ Department of Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Diversion colitis is the inflammation of the excluded segment of the colon in patients undergoing ostomy. It has been suggested that a change in colonic flora may lead to colitis; however, direct evidence for this disease progression is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between ...
van der Meer Suzan - - 2013
Purpose Patients with chronic Whiplash Associated Disorders (WAD) report symptoms and disability. Neither the relationship between self-reported disability and functional capacity, nor its predictors have been investigated in patients with WAD. This was the purpose of this study. Method This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were patients with WAD on ...
Hara Hisako - - 2013
We investigated the relationship between findings from indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography and the condition of lymphatics according to the NECST classifications observed in each area during surgery. We examined a total of 43 limbs of 25 patients who had undergone lymphatico-venous anastomosis (LVA) from April to July 2012, at the ...
Sánchez-Morillo Jorge - - 2013
Prevalence of the lingual tonsillar hypertrophy is unknown but it is believed that its presence is associated with the difficult airway. To investigate this, indirect laryngoscopy was performed on patients in the preoperative evaluation and this pathology was diagnosed. The relationship with difficulty of viewing the larynx, intubation and ventilation, ...
Vogel K - - 2013
Aim: This retrospective study sought to investigate the relationship between biological half-life (t1/2 biol) of 131I and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with thyroid carcinoma. Patients, methods: 96 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (69 women, 27 men, mean age 64.0 ± 13.6 years) and diagnostic and therapeutic administration ...
Sen Gupta Piya - - 2013
Bone mineral density (BMD) is influenced by multiple factors. Recent studies have highlighted a possible relationship between serotonin and BMD. Patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NET) frequently have elevated urinary 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5HIAA) levels, a serotonin metabolite. Evaluation of the relationship between 5HIAA and BMD in NET patients may provide insights ...
Pittau Francesca - - 2013
In EEG-fMRI studies, BOLD responses related to interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) are most often the expected positive response (activation) but sometimes a surprising negative response (deactivation). The significance of deactivation in the region of IED generation is uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine if BOLD deactivation was ...
Bulcun Emel - - 2013
Abstract Background: Microalbuminuria is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Microalbuminuria may be seen due to hypoxemia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Objectives: In this study, we investigated prevalence and relationship of microalbuminuria with clinical and physiological parameters in patients with COPD. Method: During the research, ...
Jamaati Hamid Reza HR Chronic Respiratory Disease Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Objectives: Post-intubation tracheal stenosis is a serious disease caused by cuff pressure during tracheal intubation. The reported prevalence of post-intubation tracheal stenosis is 10%-22% in intubated patients. Invasive diagnostic methods based on fiberoptic or rigid bronchoscopy are suggested for initial assessment and treatment. This study aimed to evaluate plethysmography as ...
Banerjee Teesta - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Perceived control has been suggested as a modifiable factor associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, the relationship between perceived control and HRQOL has not been evaluated in patients with heart failure (HF). The purpose of this study was to determine whether perceived control independently predicts HRQOL in ...
Cheung Peter P - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to evaluate the relationship of patient-reported tender and swollen joints with active inflammation as detected by power Doppler (PDUS) and whether this relationship is affected by significant joint damage. METHODS: Fifty rheumatoid arthritis patients self-assessed 28 tender and swollen joints and were followed by PDUS assessment. ...
Chiaravalloti Agostino - - 2013
AIM: The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between myocardial sympathetic degeneration and nigrostriatal impairment in patients affected by Parkinson's disease (PD) by means of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I MIBG) scintigraphy and N-(3-fluoropropyl)-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-[(123)I]iodophenyl)nortropane ((123)I FP-CIT) scintigraphy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved 37 patients with clinical diagnosis of PD ...
Kondo Yoshihiro - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is defined as the retrograde flow of gastric contents up through the esophagus to the larynx and hypopharynx; this is an extra-esophageal manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Although both LPR and GERD are caused by reflux of stomach contents, their clinical presentations and treatments differ. ...
Yildirim Ibrahim - - 2013
Although some studies revealed a positive relationship between vitamin D3 deficiency and inflammatory markers, there have been also many studies that failed to find this relationship. The aim of this large scaled study is to determine the association between the level of plasma 25 hydroxy vitamin D3 [25-(OH) D3] and ...
Mori Kazuyo - - 2013
Although spleen stiffness has recently been identified as potential surrogate marker for portal hypertension, the relationship between spleen stiffness and portal hypertension has not been fully elucidated. We attempted to determine the relationship between the liver or spleen stiffness and the presence of ascites or esophageal varices by acoustic radiation ...
Bengtsson Mariette - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested an interaction between personality factors and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as well as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We therefore aimed to elucidate differences in psychological and coping functioning between patients with IBD and IBS, and to assess the relationship of disease activity with these functions. ...
Hwang Se Hwan - - 2012
Although the mechanisms underlying the initiation and maintenance of inflammation in unilateral maxillary fungal balls (FBs) are poorly understood, the relationship between intranasal anatomy and maxillary FB is thought to play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anatomic variations and FB. We ...
Imanimoghaddam Mahrokh - - 2012
Class 3 patients may have relatively high prevalences of temporomandibular disorders; therefore, joint morphology can be important for their orthodontic-surgical treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between facial height and TMJ morphology in skeletal class 3 patients.
Lamparter Julia - - 2012
PURPOSE: FLICKER DEFINED FORM PERIMETRY (FDF) AND FREQUENCY DOUBLING TECHNOLOGY PERIMETRY (FDT) ARE ALLEGED TO DETECT GLAUCOMA AT AN EARLIER STAGE THAN STANDARD AUTOMATED PERIMETRY (SAP). IT IS THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY TO INVESTIGATE THE STRUCTURE-FUNCTION RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FDF, FDT, SAP, AND CONFOCAL SCANNING LASER OPHTHALMOSCOPY (CSLO) IN PATIENTS ...
Hsyu Poe-Hirr - - 2013
Bosutinib is an orally active, dual Src/Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has demonstrated manageable safety and high response rates in patients with chronic phase (CP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The current analysis evaluated potential bosutinib pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships. Bosutinib exposure metrics at steady state were estimated from a previously developed population ...
Roten Laurent - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Inferolateral early repolarization (ER) and Brugada syndrome manifest with J waves. Isoproterenol suppresses recurrent ventricular arrhythmias while reducing J waves in both disorders. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effect of isoproterenol on J waves. METHODS: We analyzed the impact of isoproterenol on J waves in 20 patients with Brugada type ...
Kim Ji-Sun - - 2012
This study examined whether quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) and current source density (CSD) can be used to evaluate symptom severity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Thirty AD patients (13 mild and 17 moderate severity) and 30 normal control (NC) subjects were recruited. The Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a ...
Pei Juanhui - - 2012
AIMS: Clinical and animal studies suggest that beta(1)-adrenergic and M(2) muscarinic receptor autoantibodies (beta(1)-AAbs and M(2)-AAbs) play important roles in the pathophysiological process of chronic heart failure (CHF). Removal of these autoantibodies improved haemodynamic parameters and left ventricular ejection fraction patients with CHF. The goal of this project is to ...
Wang Ya X - - 2012
Purpose:  To examine size and frequency of parapapillary atrophy (beta zone) in patients with intrasellar or perisellar tumours and a glaucoma-like appearance of the intrapapillary optic disc region. Methods:  Thirty-four Chinese subjects with intrasellar or perisellar tumours and a glaucoma-like appearance of the intrapapillary optic disc region and 129 age-matched ...
Ogrim Geir - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to determine if the theta/beta ratio, and theta and beta separately, correlate with behavioral parameters, and if these measures discriminate between children and adolescents with ADHD and normal gender- and age-matched controls. Sixty-two patients and 39 controls participated in the study. A continuous ...
Leslie K - - 2012
The POISE Trial was a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of the effectiveness of perioperative beta-blockade in preventing cardiac events including death in 8351 patients. Our hypothesis was that knowledge of the results of the POISE Trial would either increase or decrease the use of effective perioperative beta-blockade, depending on the ...
Tarantino Giovanni - - 2012
Hepatic steatosis (HS) has been associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS), conditions carrying a high risk of coronary artery disease. We aimed to determine whether HS was an independent factor of atherogenic risk beyond its association with MS and its components. We assessed the circulating levels of the heat ...
Jiménez-Jiménez Félix Javier - - 2012
The possible relationship between essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD) has been controversial since the first description of PD. However, there is increasing evidence suggesting an overlap between these two disorders. The aim of this review is to examine the relationship between PD and ET, focusing on clinical, epidemiologic, ...
Tsai Tung-Lung - - 2012
This study aims to determine the relationship between nasal septal deviation, concha bullosa, and chronic rhinosinusitis by using a definitive pathological and simplified model. Fifty-two consecutive sinus computed tomography scans were performed on patients who received endoscopic sinus surgery and whose final diagnosis was paranasal sinus fungus balls. The incidences ...
Iranmanesh Farhad F Department of Neurology, Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2012
Impact of high level of uric acid on stroke is still controversial. We conducted this study to investigate the relationship between acute ischemic non-embolic stroke and serum levels of uric acid. This was a case-control study on patients with acute ischemic non-embolic stroke in Rafsanjan, Iran. The control group consisted ...
Stamboulis Elefterios - - 2011
We electrophysiologically evaluated the autonomic function (AF) in a consecutive series of patients with beta-thalassemia and in normal individuals. Six quantitative autonomic function tests (AFTs) were used: tilt test, hand grip test and sympathetic skin response for sympathetic function; R-R interval, inspiration-expiration difference and 30/15 ratio for parasympathetic function. The ...
Loncar Goran - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We sought to investigate the effect of beta-blocker (BB) up-titration on serum levels of NT-proBNP and copeptin in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced (HFREF) or preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). METHODS: Serial measurements of NT-proBNP and copeptin were obtained after initiation of BB up-titration in 219 elderly patients ...
La Chuan-Tsai - - 2011
Background:  Few literatures mentioned about the difference between absolute interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) and IDWG/DW (IDWG%), and subsequent effects on daily dialysis. The aim of present study was to evaluate the different between absolute IDWG and IDWG% in new hemodialysis patients. Method:  We retrospective reviewed the records of 255 patients ...
Tao Hong-miao - - 2011
To clarify the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), we investigated whether the gene encoding transforming growth factor-beta 1(TGF-beta 1) is a risk factor for cerebral SVD as a whole, and for two different SVD subtypes. TGF-beta 1 codon10 (T+29C) genotype was determined in ...
Malhotra S - - 2011
Recent studies have revealed an association between interleukin 28B (IL28B) and response to IFN-alpha treatment in hepatitis C patients. Here we investigated the influence of IL28B polymorphisms in the response to interferon-beta (IFNβ) in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. We genotyped two SNPs of the IL28B gene (rs8099917 and rs12979860) in ...
Hassan Mahmoodi Nesheli - - 2011
To evaluate the correlation of portal vein thrombosis and splenectomy in beta-thalassemia major patients visiting Babol Medical University, Iran. This cohort study was done from 1997 to 2008. In our study, major beta-thalassemic patients visiting for transfusion at least once a month at Amirkola Children's Hospital were selected. Portal vein ...
Kwon O Y - - 2011
To identify the effects of sertraline, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE), changes in brain current-source density (CSD) of the high beta frequency band (22-30 Hz) induced by sertraline administration were investigated during audiovisual erotic stimulation. Eleven patients with PE (36.9±7.8 yrs) and 11 male volunteers ...
Wagner Michael - - 2011
Abstract Background and aims. Fecal calprotectin (FC) is used as a marker for intestinal inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) but there is no reliable marker for collagenous colitis (CC). We have previously demonstrated that the mucosal inflammation in CC is characterized by eosinophil activation, which is restored during budesonide ...
Mundiñano Iñaki-Carril - - 2011
Olfactory dysfunction is a frequent and early feature of patients with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) and is very uncommon in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Mechanisms underlying this clinical manifestation are poorly understood but the premature deposition of protein aggregates in the olfactory ...
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