Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1344
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Madan V - - 2009
We report a patient with a spectrum of clinical features simulating toxic epidermal necrolysis, bullous erythema multiforme and later, dermatitis herpetiformis (DH). The histological features were suggestive of DH, bullous pemphigoid (BP) and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA). Direct immunofluorescence results suggested BP or EBA. Indirect immunofluorescence on salt-split skin and ...
Bellanger A-P - - 2010
Background The link between various chronic skin disorders and toxocariasis was previously demonstrated by case reports and several case-control studies. However, these previous studies were based only on the Toxocara canis excretory-secretory-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (TES-ELISA) serological technique, which is not specific due to cross-reactivity with parasites of the genera Anisakis ...
Al-Refu K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Scarring represents the single most debilitating aspect of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) in patients with cutaneous lesions alone. Despite this, there have been no studies which have attempted to classify the types of scars seen in this chronic disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to classify the types of scars ...
Jin S P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Eruptive pseudo-angiomatosis (EPA) is a rare, relatively newly described cutaneous disorder characterized by the sudden onset of several bright red, angioma-like papules surrounded by blanched halo. Its aetiology is unknown; however, viral infection or mosquito bites have been speculated as possible causes. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine the ...
Howard Michael S - - 2010
A prospective, controlled epidemiologic survey performed in El Bagre, Colombia revealed a new variant of endemic pemphigus disease, occurring in a gold mining region. The disease resembled Senear-Usher syndrome, and occurred in an endemic fashion. The aim of this study is to describe the most frequent histopathologic patterns in non-glabrous ...
In Sung Il - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Livedo reticularis (LR) is a skin disorder characterized by a reddish-blue mottling of the skin in a "fishnet" reticular pattern. The aim of this study was to investigate the major histopathological characteristics of LR and determine whether the histopathology of LR is more common in whitish areas or in ...
Collin B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology, which most often involves the lungs and lymphatic system. Cutaneous involvement is found in approximately 25% of cases of sarcoid. Most previous studies of cutaneous sarcoidosis have been drawn from populations with defined pulmonary disease, so may represent a population ...
Lee Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Classical blepharoplasty removes supratarsal upper eyelid skin rather than subbrow skin. It does not adequately address the redundant skin of lateral hooding. Asians tend to have higher eyebrows than whites. For Asian women who have tattooed eyebrows with redundant upper lateral eyelid skin and who request a rejuvenating upper ...
Carlsen Berit Christina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Polysensitization ( >or= 3 contact allergies) may be regarded as a special entity in patients with contact allergies. However, this group of polysensitized patients is poorly characterized. Filaggrin mutations are associated with atopic eczema and lead to impaired skin barrier which may predispose to contact allergy. Therefore, it is ...
Gupta Suruchi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous vasculitis presents as a mosaic of clinical and histological findings. Its pathogenic mechanisms and clinical manifestations are varied. AIMS: To study the epidemiological spectrum of cutaneous vasculitides as seen in a dermatologic clinic and to determine the clinico-pathological correlation. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted on 50 consecutive ...
Chen Hung-Yuan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Changes in skin color are common among dialysis patients. They are associated with urochrome pigments, hemoglobin, and changes in cutaneous vasculature. Insulin resistance (IR) is strongly linked to cutaneous vascular dysfunction and is prevalent in dialysis patients. We postulated skin color may be associated with IR in dialysis patients ...
Ghosh Sudip Kumar - - 2009
'Holi' is an annual spring festival celebrated all over India. The central ritual of Holi involves throwing of colors on one another. Playing with toxic industrial dyes often results in various dermatological complaints in a significant number of people immediately following the celebration. To describe patterns of various skin manifestations ...
Zhao Ying - - 2009
Primary cutaneous mucormycosis is an uncommon disease and occurs mainly in patients with immunocompromised disorders. We report a case of cutaneous mucormycosis in an immunocompetent man in whom no definite precipitating factors were noted. The isolate was identified as Rhizomucor variabilis according to the fungus morphology and DNA sequencing results. ...
Ficicioglu C - - 2009
Argininosuccinate lyase deficiency is a urea cycle disorder which can present in the neonatal period with hyperammonemic encephalopathy, or later in childhood with episodic vomiting, growth and developmental delay. Abnormal hair, hepatomegaly, and hepatic fibrosis are unique features of this disorder. Twelve patients with argininosuccinate lyase deficiency were ascertained between ...
Adi?en E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In acne vulgaris patients, the presence of a dysregulation of the production of innate and specific antimicrobial peptides has been postulated. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether human neutrophil proteins (HNP) 1-3 are expressed in acne patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HNP 1-3 expression was investigated in 35 acne ...
Colina Matteo - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the basic features and outcomes of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome. METHODS: We identified all patients seen in our unit between 1990 and 2008 diagnosed according to the proposed inclusion criteria with SAPHO syndrome, who had a followup of at least 2 years. RESULTS: ...
Valencak J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Monitoring and repeated staging is of substantial importance in many patients with primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL). For primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCL), extensive initial staging is the mainstay for correct diagnosis. AIM: To evaluate the value of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy using the radiolabeled somatostatin analog (111)In-pentetreotide in comparison ...
Haas D - - 2009
The content of coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) was examined in skin fibroblasts of 10 patients with mevalonic aciduria (MVA) and of 22 patients with methylmalonic aciduria (MMA). Patients with these inborn errors of metabolism are thought to be at risk for CoQ(10) depletion either by direct inhibition of the proximal pathway ...
Onesti Maria Giuseppina - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Linear scleroderma and Parry-Romberg Syndrome (PRS) are chronic diseases that can affect the face, with patients therefore requiring facial volumetric correction. OBJECTIVE: We have used poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) to treat facial asymmetry in patients with linear scleroderma and PRS, because it can restore volumetric defects and has been proven ...
Moncada Benjamin - - 2009
Melasma is an abnormal acquired hyperpigmentation of the face of unknown origin, it is considered a single disease and very little has been found regarding its pathogenesis. It is usually assumed that melasma is due to excessive melanin production, but excessive retention or abnormal metabolism of this molecule has not ...
Martschick A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines, such as pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and epirubicin (EP), are effective for the treatment of malignant tumors. Unfortunately, their implementation in therapy is limited due to severe side-effects such as palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE). PATIENTS AND METHODS: As the exact pathogenesis of PPE still remains unclear, laser scanning microscopy ...
Hon K L E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is characterized by reduced skin hydration (SH) and impaired integrity of the skin. Proper emollient usage is an important facet of AE management and patients are encouraged to use emollients liberally. AIM: To evaluate whether the amount of emollient and skin cleanser used correlates with eczema ...
Kehe K - - 2009
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a strong vesicant agent which has been used in several military conflicts. Large stockpiles still exist to the present day. SM is believed to be a major threat to civilian populations because of the persistent asymmetric threat by non-state actors, such as terrorist groups, its easy ...
Tedeschi A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although chronic urticaria (CU) is often regarded as autoimmune in nature, only less than 50% of sera from CU patients contain histamine-releasing autoantibodies. This suggests that other factors may contribute to its pathogenesis. We evaluated the possible involvement of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), one of the major mediators ...
Karincaoglu Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Seborrhoeic dermatitis (SD) is a common inflammatory skin disease for which no single cause has been found, although many factors have been implicated. The mite Demodex folliculorum (DF) is most commonly seen in the pilosebaceous unit in humans. SD is located in areas that are rich in sebaceous glands, ...
Wichmann K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a well-known trigger factor of atopic dermatitis (AD). Besides staphylococcal superantigens, alpha-toxin may influence cutaneous inflammation via induction of T-cell proliferation and cytokine secretion. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between sensitization to inhalant allergens and skin colonization with alpha-toxin-producing S. aureus in AD. PATIENTS ...
Heiskanen Tarja - - 2009
Fentanyl is an opioid with high lipid solubility, suitable for intravenous, spinal, transmucosal and transdermal administration. The transdermal fentanyl patch has become widely used in the treatment of both malignant and non-malignant chronic pain. The absorption of fentanyl from the patch is governed by the surface area of the patch, ...
Sravani P V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is an acquired disorder characterized by circumscribed depigmented macules devoid of identifiable melanocytes. Complex genetic, immunological, neural and self destructive mechanisms interplay in its pathogenesis. According to autocytotoxic hypothesis, oxidative stress has been suggested to be the initial pathogenic event in melanocyte degeneration. AIMS: The aim of our ...
Yun Jeong Hyun - - 2009
Generalized granuloma annulare (GGA) is a benign skin disorder of an unknown etiology. Though some cases of GGA have been reported, few systemic reviews of the clinical and pathological features of GGA have been performed. The purpose of this study is to analyze and correlate the clinical and pathological characteristics ...
Choi Kyu-Won - - 2009
Determination of the minimal erythema dose (MED) is important for developing a phototherapy protocol and to diagnosis photosensitivity disorders. But obtaining a precise and reproducible MED is quite difficult because a phototest for erythema is based on subjective assessment. The objective of our study was to compare the gross interpretation ...
Wastowski Isabela J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine HLA-G expression in skin biopsies from patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and its association with epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory variables and survival. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded skin biopsies obtained from 21 SSc patients (14 limited SSc, 7 diffuse SSc) and from 28 healthy controls were studied. HLA-G expression was ...
Gidwani Kamlesh - - 2009
We evaluated the performance of the leishmanin skin test (LST) in 50 patients with visceral leishmaniasis (VL), 124 cured VL patients at different time intervals, 125 healthy controls from an endemic region (HEC), and 14 healthy controls from a non-endemic region (NEHC). The leishmanin antigen used was based on Leishmania ...
Sato Lucy T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to correlate quantitative and semiquantitative nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) parameters with the extent of cutaneous and visceral involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients. METHODS: The presence of clinical and serological alterations was evaluated retrospectively and correlated with NFC findings (number of capillary loops/mm, vascular ...
Xu Xinyun - - 2009
Trichloroethylene-induced hypersensitivity dermatitis is one of the serious occupational health events in China, however, little is known about the clinical features and possible mechanism of this disorder. The objective of the present study was to report some typical trichloroethylene-induced dermatitis patients and investigate their occupational exposure as well as the ...
Kim Hye-One - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that neuropeptides may be involved in the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). Objectives To investigate the effects of tacrolimus on the neuropeptides substance P (SP), nerve growth factor (NGF), and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) in the skin, and SP and NGF in the serum, of patients with ...
Ballardini N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atopic eczema (AE) is a common multifactorial chronic skin disease associated with a defective skin barrier and increased susceptibility to skin infections. The human cathelicidin LL-37 plays a role in the host defence of skin. Studies have demonstrated deficient expression of LL-37 in skin of AE patients. OBJECTIVES: The ...
Erisir Ferhat - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Rhinophyma is characterized by an enlarged, bulbous, and red nose resulting from the enlargement of the sebaceous glands beneath the surface of the skin on the nose. Its etiology remains unclear. Treatment of the disease is controversial. In this study, we discussed the treatment of rhinophyma by radiofrequency in ...
Al Habeeb Ayman - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (NFD), a rare fibrosing condition of the skin, occurs in patients with renal failure. Worldwide, 215 cases have been reported, but none of them are from Canada. CASE REPORT: A 71-year-old woman with hypertensive vasculopathy and renal failure, hypothyroidism, deep vein thrombosis, and a previous abdominal ...
Wood Angela J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To identify correlations between clinical presentation, specific histopathologic findings, and subsequent disease course in patients with necrobiotic xanthogranuloma (NXG). DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records and histopathologic examination of fixed tissue samples. SETTING: Tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Seventeen patients with a diagnosis of NXG established between January 1, ...
Sotozono Chie - - 2009
PURPOSE: To present a detailed clarification of the symptoms at disease onset of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and its more severe variant, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), with ocular complications and to clarify the relationship between topical steroid use and visual prognosis. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four patients with SJS and TEN ...
Kavukcu Salih - - 2009
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of fever and polyserositis. It is the most frequent periodic fever syndrome. In FMF, sterile peritonitis, pleuritis and arthritis are frequently seen in addition to recurrent febrile attacks. Skin and muscle involvement is less common. Here, we ...
Mochizuki H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a disease of skin barrier dysfunction and outside stimuli can cross the skin barrier. OBJECTIVES: To examine a new method for evaluating the outside to inside skin transparency with a colorimeter and yellow dyes. METHODS: In study 1, a total of 28 volunteer subjects (24 normal ...
Carbone M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To undertake a retrospective inspection of the general features, clinical presentation and outcome of 808 Italian patients with oral lichen planus (OLP), followed up from 6 months to 17 years. RESULTS: The mean age was 61 years for women (n = 493) and 58 years for men (n = ...
Osman, AM; ;
Introduction: Vitiligo is a chronic skin disease that causes loss of pigment, resulting in irregular pale patches of skin. The precise cause of vitiligo is complex and not fully understood. There is some evidence suggesting it is caused by a combination of auto-immune, genetic, and environmental factors. The population incidence ...
Janus Nicolas - - 2010
PURPOSE: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is characterized by widespread tissue fibrosis, mainly affecting the skin. Gadolinium chelates have been implicated in the onset of NSF in patients with renal impairment (RI). The FINEST study (FIbrose N?phrog?nique SysT?mique) was designed to determine the prevalence of NSF after magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Boda D - - 2009
The enzyme steroid 5-alpha reductase is responsible for the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, the steroid that mediates the intracellular action of androgens in some target tissues. The goal of this study was to check the accuracy of three known biochemical methods of studying steroid 5-alpha reductase activity expressed by ...
Nybaek Hanne - - 2009
Skin complications are frequent in ostomy patients and a number of risk factors have been suggested. The data on risk factors have, however, been documented mainly in single-centre studies and the actual importance of the suggested risk factors should therefore be verified in a group of ostomy patients broadly selected ...
Exarchou S A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe immune-mediated skin lesion (IMSL) development in patients during anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) therapy. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-two patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 183 with spondyloarthropathies (SpA) treated with anti-TNF inhibitors were analysed to identify IMSLs. RESULTS: Of the 252 patients with RA (146 treated with ...
Sethi Ajay K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Oral metronidazole has been recommended for treatment of mild-to-moderate Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD), in part because of concern that use of vancomycin may be more likely to promote colonization and transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). The objective of our study was to compare the frequency of skin and environmental ...
Chen Ming-Feng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Qi vacuity (QV) is defined by traditional Chinese medicine as a loss of energy in the human body. An objective method for detecting QV was not available until recently, however. The automatic reflective diagnosis system (ARDK) is a device that detects human bioenergy through measuring skin conductance at 24 ...
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