Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1255
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Stosovic M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is well known that serum urea concentration is not a good predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients. On the other hand, urea kinetic modeling has been very successfully used to measure dialysis dose by the Kt/V index, which was found to be a good predictor of mortality. Could ...
Portol?s Jos? - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is little information on the development of anemia in the early stages of chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the onset of renal anemia in a cohort of initially nonanemic chronic kidney disease patients followed up in nephrology clinics. METHODS: This epidemiological, prospective, ...
Morimoto Satoshi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease is important in managing patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: We evaluated a series of prognostic values: flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and nitrogen-mediated dilation (NMD), an index of endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent function, respectively, ankle-brachial index (ABI), and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) in patients ...
Galil Arise G S - - 2009
Chronic heart failure (CHF) has a high morbidity and mortality. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has consistently been found to be an independent risk factor for unfavorable cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. Early intervention on CKD reduces the progression of CHF, hospitalizations and mortality, yet there are very few studies about CKD as ...
Kovesdy Csaba P - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Assessments of iron stores by serum iron saturation ratio (ISAT) and ferritin are used to direct anemia therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are associated with clinical outcomes in patients on dialysis. The association of ISAT and ferritin with outcomes in patients with nondialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD) ...
Reinecke Holger - - 2009
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Little attention has been paid to the problem of atrial fibrillation, although this arrhythmia is very frequent with a prevalence of 13 to 27% in patients on long-term hemodialysis. Because of the large number of ...
Levy Cari R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the applicability of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to the care of nursing home (NH) residents who experience acute myocardial infarction (AMI). DESIGN: Secondary examination of data from the national Cooperative Cardiovascular Project. SETTING: 6684 US hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: A NH-dwelling (N = 8151) cohort and a community-dwelling cohort ...
Lee S S J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are 10- to 25-fold more likely than immunocompetent people to develop active tuberculosis (TB) and are candidates for being treated for latent TB infection (LTBI). However, diagnosis using the tuberculin skin test (TST) is doubly difficult due to cutaneous anergy and cross-reactions with ...
Odusan O - - 2008
Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy (CAN) contributes significantly to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in type2 diabetic patients. This manuscript aims to study the prevalence of CAN in T2DM patients in our environment and identify factors that correlate with and predict development of CAN. This is with the intention to prevent and ...
Sun Xiumei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Early readmission after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an expensive adverse outcome. Although the perioperative experience of high-risk CABG patients has been studied extensively, little attention has been paid to low-risk CABG patients. The primary goal of this study was to identify the preoperative characteristics and to define ...
Valdivielso Jose M - - 2008
Cardiovascular complications are the main cause of death in patients with chronic renal disease. In those patients, vascular calcifications and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are common findings that increase the incidence of cardiac-related deaths. The cardiovascular risk factors associated with renal patients are specific for this population, with hyperphosphatemia among ...
McAvoy Norma C - - 2008
Patients with advanced liver disease are at increased risk of cardiovascular events, especially following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a novel and independent predictor of cardiovascular risk, but its prevalence and utility in patients with cirrhosis are unknown. The aim of this study was to define ...
Manzanares William - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the influence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) on selenium (Se) levels and prospectively evaluate the relationship between serum Se concentration [Se], glutathione peroxidase activity [GPx-3] and injury severity in patients at the time of intensive care unit (ICU) admission. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Multidisciplinary University ...
Selva-O'Callaghan Albert - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To study the presence and characteristics of nailfold capillary changes in a cohort of adult patients with inflammatory myopathies, determine correlations with disease activity and severity, and investigate any relationship between capillary findings and the immunological or clinical characteristics of the groups. METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive adult patients followed in ...
Kovesdy Csaba P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis, usually manifested by low serum bicarbonate level, is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and appears to be associated with higher mortality in dialysis patients. It is not known whether a similar association is present in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD). METHODS: We used multivariable-adjusted Cox models ...
Ang Chin Wee - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The clinical course and outcome of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting have been reported in a small number of studies in the US and Canada. However, no such study has been reported in the UK. Therefore, we aimed to study the acquisition rate ...
Kim K E - - 2010
Aspirin reduces the prevalence of nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and death by 25.0% in high risk group of patients with cardiovascular disease. Previous studies have estimated that about 5.5-56.8% of the population are aspirin resistant. The mechanisms of aspirin resistance (AR) have not been fully understood. We compared the detection ...
Cacoub Patrice P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in risk factor (RF) management between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD), as well as the impact of RF control on major 1-year cardiovascular (CV) event rates. METHODS: The REACH Registry recruited >68000 outpatients aged >or=45 years with established atherothrombotic ...
Li Jin-Mei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the initial analysis of mortality, etiology, and predictors of death in a group of patients with convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) in southwest China. METHODS: A continuous registration database was established to collect demographic data, etiology, and clinical features of the patients with CSE. Univariate and multivariate ...
Struthers R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality are higher in patients with poor preoperative cardiorespiratory reserve. This study aimed to ascertain fitness and therefore risk in elective patients, comparing three measures: Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) questionnaire, incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), and cycle cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). We looked for correlation between ...
Maeda Shinji - - 2009
Atherosclerotic vascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality for end-stage renal disease patients. We followed prospectively 226 hemodialysis patients by carotid ultrasonography to determine if ultrasonographic markers are predictive of the prognosis of these patients. The end-point was death or completion of the five-year follow-up period. Fatal ...
Bali Laurent - - 2008
Ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a new sensitive diagnostic biochemical marker of myocardial ischaemia. The purpose of the study was to analyse the prognostic value of IMA in patients admitted for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS). Consecutive patients admitted for NSTE ACS in our institution were prospectively included. IMA, ...
Maddox Thomas M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) and chronotropic response to exercise (CR) each have prognostic value among patients undergoing exercise treadmill testing (ETT). However, little is known about their prognostic use in combination and in addition to the Duke Treadmill Score (DTS). METHODS: We studied 9,519 outpatients undergoing ETT between 2001 ...
Alexander S - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of gender, age, the aneurysm diameter and comorbidity on the 30-day mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). METHODS: Between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 2006 all consecutive patients who underwent open repair for a ...
El-Menyar Ayman - - 2009
To assess the extent of atherothrombosis and the use of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in populations from the Middle East, we conducted a multicenter study similar to AGATHA (a Global Atherothrombosis Assessment), AGATHA-ME, which included 1341 patients from 18 centers from 5 countries (United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and ...
Asaro Phillip V - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine effects of a modification in triage process on triage acuity distribution in general and among patients with conditions requiring time-sensitive therapy. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed triage acuity distributions before and after modification of their triage process that entailed conversion from the Canadian Triage ...
Monami Matteo - - 2008
The treatment with rosiglitazone could be associated with increased risk for myocardial infarction (MI). This meta-analysis is aimed at identifying moderators of the effect of rosiglitazone on the risk of MI and chronic heart failure (CHF) in type 2 diabetic patients. The risk ratio (RR) of MI and CHF was ...
Restrepo M I - - 2009
Recent studies suggest that macrolides may have beneficial effects for patients at risk for certain infections. The current authors examined the effect of macrolide therapy on 30- and 90-day mortality for patients with severe sepsis caused by pneumonia. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at two tertiary teaching hospitals. Eligible ...
Wernicke Joachim F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are predisposed to cardiovascular (CV) disease and other chronic medical conditions. We compared the safety of duloxetine in patients with (CV-positive) and without (CV-negative) historical/comorbid cardiovascular conditions at study entry. METHODS: Data were pooled from three double-blind studies in which patients (age > or =18 years) with ...
Laurila Jouko V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the possible predisposing aetiologic and short-term precipitating factors for delirium in acutely ill hospital patients with a heavy burden of comorbidities and medications. METHODS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients with acute delirium admitted to a general medicine unit were thoroughly examined, and the ...
Gonzalez-Lopez Laura - - 2008
We evaluated the prevalence and characteristics associated with hyperhomocysteinemia in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Ninety-seven patients with AS were compared with 97 controls. The assessment included clinical characteristics, disease activity (BASDAI), functioning (BASFI), history of drugs, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Total serum homocysteine (tHcy) was determined by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. ...
Campbell Ruth C RC 1University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294-2041, - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). However, its association with hospitalization in HF patients has not been well studied. Of 7788 patients in the Digitalis Investigation Group trial, 3527 had CKD, defined by an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 ...
Saini Sameer D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) require long-term therapy with low-dose aspirin (ASA). Although these patients are at increased risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) cotherapy may reduce such risk, it is not known whether lifelong PPI cotherapy is cost-effective. METHODS: A Markov model ...
Forzley Brian R - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/Haemolytic uremic syndrome (TTP/HUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy with a 6-month mortality rate of 16-29%. The present study described the clinical features, treatment regime and 6-month all-cause mortality rate of TTP/HUS patients at the London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC), Canada. Data for this retrospective cohort study were obtained ...
Muiesan M Lorenza - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The prognostic role of endothelial dysfunction, as evaluated by flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery, has been demonstrated in patients at very high risk. We aimed to investigate whether flow-mediated vasodilatation predicts cardiovascular events in uncomplicated hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 172 prospectively identified uncomplicated hypertensive ...
Davis T M E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The present review assesses published data relating to the main ethnic groups in the UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS), namely White Caucasians (WC; 82% of the cohort), Indian-Asians (IA; 10%) and Afro-Caribbeans (AC; 8%). RESULTS: At entry, the IA patients were younger than WC and AC patients, ...
Corcoran A T - - 2008
PURPOSE: In this study we identified prognostic factors for survival and validated the accuracy of the Fournier's gangrene severity index in patients with Fournier's gangrene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene between 1996 and 2006. Fournier's gangrene severity index scores were assessed ...
Winkelmayer Wolfgang C - - 2008
It is unknown whether adherence to recommended medications after myocardial infarction (MI) differs by kidney function. This was a retrospective cohort study of older patients who were discharged after MI in two Eastern states between 1995 and 2004. Patients were categorized as having ESRD, having chronic kidney disease (CKD), and ...
Danese Mark D - - 2008
In 2003, the National Kidney Foundation introduced guidelines for the control of parathyroid hormone, calcium, and phosphorus in hemodialysis patients. A cohort study was conducted of 22,937 incident hemodialysis patients who were identified from a large national provider between July 1, 2000, and June 30, 2002, and followed through June ...
Melloni Chiara - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic kidney disease is becoming common among patients with acute coronary syndromes and is associated with substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Often, patients with chronic kidney disease are excluded from clinical trials, so in clinical practice physicians may not have definitive evidence to support treatment decisions. RECENT ...
Orlando A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infliximab is a widely used biological agent for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, and has a favorable risk/benefit ratio. AIM: It is useful to know that patients treated with infliximab are exposed to developing adverse events that could be reduced with a prudent and a rational clinical approach ...
Hussain Nazia - - 2008
Transmittance waveform (TW) analysis has been proposed as a method of both prediction and monitoring of non-overt and overt disseminated intravascular coagulation. This study assessed the use of the rapidTW of the activated partial thromboplastin time in the detection of sepsis in 49 consecutive neutropenic haemato-oncology patients. A slope 1 ...
Nguyen H Bryant - - 2008
Physiologic scoring systems are often used to prognosticate mortality in critically ill patients. This study examined the performance of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II, Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II, Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS), and Mortality Probability Models (MPM) II0 in predicting in-hospital mortality of ...
Chow Kai Ming - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have examined the possible association between late referral to a nephrologist and mortality on maintenance hemodialysis. However, we lack information on the benefit of early nephrologist referral in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In an inception cohort of 102 consecutive PD patients identified in ...
Carson Shannon S - - 2008
A measure that identifies patients who are at high risk of mortality after prolonged ventilation will help physicians communicate prognoses to patients or surrogate decision makers. Our objective was to develop and validate a prognostic model for 1-yr mortality in patients ventilated for 21 days or more. The authors conducted ...
Valli Alessandro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The putative role of sulfur amino acids such as homocysteine (tHcy) as cardiovascular risk factors is controversial in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although, S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) levels have been linked to CVD in non-renal populations, such relationship has not been evaluated in CKD. DESIGN: Serum concentrations of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), SAH ...
Migliacci Rino - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ankle-brachial index (ABI), i.e. the ratio of the ankle to brachial systolic blood pressure, is the golden standard for the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and is a highly specific method for the assessment of vascular risk in otherwise asymptomatic patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy ...
Chih Sharon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Abnormal glucose regulation (AGR) is common and an adverse risk factor in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the prevalence of AGR in 300 ACS patients. Fasting blood glucose (BGL), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) were performed. Patients without diabetes ...
Chan Y C - - 2008
Marfan syndrome is a connective tissue disorder with a worldwide prevalence of 1 in 5,000, without any racial predilection. Major cardiovascular manifestations of Marfan disease often require surgical intervention. The aim of this study was to examine the demographics of patients with Marfan syndrome admitted to Hong Kong hospitals over ...
Uthoff H - - 2008
PURPOSE: Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and the resistive index (RI) of the internal carotid artery correlate with the degree of atherosclerosis and are predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Limited or no data are available about long-term predictive values and the progression of the two markers ...
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