Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1238
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Cacoub Patrice P - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in risk factor (RF) management between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and coronary artery (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD), as well as the impact of RF control on major 1-year cardiovascular (CV) event rates. METHODS: The REACH Registry recruited >68000 outpatients aged >or=45 years with established atherothrombotic ...
Li Jin-Mei - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the initial analysis of mortality, etiology, and predictors of death in a group of patients with convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) in southwest China. METHODS: A continuous registration database was established to collect demographic data, etiology, and clinical features of the patients with CSE. Univariate and multivariate ...
Struthers R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality are higher in patients with poor preoperative cardiorespiratory reserve. This study aimed to ascertain fitness and therefore risk in elective patients, comparing three measures: Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) questionnaire, incremental shuttle walk test (ISWT), and cycle cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). We looked for correlation between ...
Maeda Shinji - - 2009
Atherosclerotic vascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality for end-stage renal disease patients. We followed prospectively 226 hemodialysis patients by carotid ultrasonography to determine if ultrasonographic markers are predictive of the prognosis of these patients. The end-point was death or completion of the five-year follow-up period. Fatal ...
Bali Laurent - - 2008
Ischaemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a new sensitive diagnostic biochemical marker of myocardial ischaemia. The purpose of the study was to analyse the prognostic value of IMA in patients admitted for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE ACS). Consecutive patients admitted for NSTE ACS in our institution were prospectively included. IMA, ...
Maddox Thomas M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Heart rate recovery (HRR) and chronotropic response to exercise (CR) each have prognostic value among patients undergoing exercise treadmill testing (ETT). However, little is known about their prognostic use in combination and in addition to the Duke Treadmill Score (DTS). METHODS: We studied 9,519 outpatients undergoing ETT between 2001 ...
Alexander S - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of gender, age, the aneurysm diameter and comorbidity on the 30-day mortality after open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). METHODS: Between January 1, 1993, and December 31, 2006 all consecutive patients who underwent open repair for a ...
El-Menyar Ayman - - 2009
To assess the extent of atherothrombosis and the use of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) in populations from the Middle East, we conducted a multicenter study similar to AGATHA (a Global Atherothrombosis Assessment), AGATHA-ME, which included 1341 patients from 18 centers from 5 countries (United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and ...
Asaro Phillip V - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine effects of a modification in triage process on triage acuity distribution in general and among patients with conditions requiring time-sensitive therapy. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed triage acuity distributions before and after modification of their triage process that entailed conversion from the Canadian Triage ...
Monami Matteo - - 2008
The treatment with rosiglitazone could be associated with increased risk for myocardial infarction (MI). This meta-analysis is aimed at identifying moderators of the effect of rosiglitazone on the risk of MI and chronic heart failure (CHF) in type 2 diabetic patients. The risk ratio (RR) of MI and CHF was ...
Restrepo M I - - 2009
Recent studies suggest that macrolides may have beneficial effects for patients at risk for certain infections. The current authors examined the effect of macrolide therapy on 30- and 90-day mortality for patients with severe sepsis caused by pneumonia. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at two tertiary teaching hospitals. Eligible ...
Wernicke Joachim F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are predisposed to cardiovascular (CV) disease and other chronic medical conditions. We compared the safety of duloxetine in patients with (CV-positive) and without (CV-negative) historical/comorbid cardiovascular conditions at study entry. METHODS: Data were pooled from three double-blind studies in which patients (age > or =18 years) with ...
Laurila Jouko V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the possible predisposing aetiologic and short-term precipitating factors for delirium in acutely ill hospital patients with a heavy burden of comorbidities and medications. METHODS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients with acute delirium admitted to a general medicine unit were thoroughly examined, and the ...
Gonzalez-Lopez Laura - - 2008
We evaluated the prevalence and characteristics associated with hyperhomocysteinemia in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Ninety-seven patients with AS were compared with 97 controls. The assessment included clinical characteristics, disease activity (BASDAI), functioning (BASFI), history of drugs, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Total serum homocysteine (tHcy) was determined by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. ...
Campbell Ruth C - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). However, its association with hospitalization in HF patients has not been well studied. Of 7788 patients in the Digitalis Investigation Group trial, 3527 had CKD, defined by an estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 ml/min/1.73 ...
Saini Sameer D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) require long-term therapy with low-dose aspirin (ASA). Although these patients are at increased risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and proton pump inhibitor (PPI) cotherapy may reduce such risk, it is not known whether lifelong PPI cotherapy is cost-effective. METHODS: A Markov model ...
Forzley Brian R - - 2008
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura/Haemolytic uremic syndrome (TTP/HUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy with a 6-month mortality rate of 16-29%. The present study described the clinical features, treatment regime and 6-month all-cause mortality rate of TTP/HUS patients at the London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC), Canada. Data for this retrospective cohort study were obtained ...
Muiesan M Lorenza - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The prognostic role of endothelial dysfunction, as evaluated by flow-mediated vasodilatation of the brachial artery, has been demonstrated in patients at very high risk. We aimed to investigate whether flow-mediated vasodilatation predicts cardiovascular events in uncomplicated hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 172 prospectively identified uncomplicated hypertensive ...
Davis T M E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: The present review assesses published data relating to the main ethnic groups in the UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS), namely White Caucasians (WC; 82% of the cohort), Indian-Asians (IA; 10%) and Afro-Caribbeans (AC; 8%). RESULTS: At entry, the IA patients were younger than WC and AC patients, ...
Corcoran A T - - 2008
PURPOSE: In this study we identified prognostic factors for survival and validated the accuracy of the Fournier's gangrene severity index in patients with Fournier's gangrene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene between 1996 and 2006. Fournier's gangrene severity index scores were assessed ...
Winkelmayer Wolfgang C - - 2008
It is unknown whether adherence to recommended medications after myocardial infarction (MI) differs by kidney function. This was a retrospective cohort study of older patients who were discharged after MI in two Eastern states between 1995 and 2004. Patients were categorized as having ESRD, having chronic kidney disease (CKD), and ...
Danese Mark D - - 2008
In 2003, the National Kidney Foundation introduced guidelines for the control of parathyroid hormone, calcium, and phosphorus in hemodialysis patients. A cohort study was conducted of 22,937 incident hemodialysis patients who were identified from a large national provider between July 1, 2000, and June 30, 2002, and followed through June ...
Melloni Chiara - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic kidney disease is becoming common among patients with acute coronary syndromes and is associated with substantial cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Often, patients with chronic kidney disease are excluded from clinical trials, so in clinical practice physicians may not have definitive evidence to support treatment decisions. RECENT ...
Orlando A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infliximab is a widely used biological agent for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, and has a favorable risk/benefit ratio. AIM: It is useful to know that patients treated with infliximab are exposed to developing adverse events that could be reduced with a prudent and a rational clinical approach ...
Hussain Nazia - - 2008
Transmittance waveform (TW) analysis has been proposed as a method of both prediction and monitoring of non-overt and overt disseminated intravascular coagulation. This study assessed the use of the rapidTW of the activated partial thromboplastin time in the detection of sepsis in 49 consecutive neutropenic haemato-oncology patients. A slope 1 ...
Nguyen H Bryant - - 2008
Physiologic scoring systems are often used to prognosticate mortality in critically ill patients. This study examined the performance of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II, Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II, Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS), and Mortality Probability Models (MPM) II0 in predicting in-hospital mortality of ...
Chow Kai Ming - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have examined the possible association between late referral to a nephrologist and mortality on maintenance hemodialysis. However, we lack information on the benefit of early nephrologist referral in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In an inception cohort of 102 consecutive PD patients identified in ...
Carson Shannon S - - 2008
A measure that identifies patients who are at high risk of mortality after prolonged ventilation will help physicians communicate prognoses to patients or surrogate decision makers. Our objective was to develop and validate a prognostic model for 1-yr mortality in patients ventilated for 21 days or more. The authors conducted ...
Valli Alessandro - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The putative role of sulfur amino acids such as homocysteine (tHcy) as cardiovascular risk factors is controversial in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although, S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) levels have been linked to CVD in non-renal populations, such relationship has not been evaluated in CKD. DESIGN: Serum concentrations of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), SAH ...
Migliacci Rino - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The ankle-brachial index (ABI), i.e. the ratio of the ankle to brachial systolic blood pressure, is the golden standard for the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and is a highly specific method for the assessment of vascular risk in otherwise asymptomatic patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy ...
Chih Sharon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Abnormal glucose regulation (AGR) is common and an adverse risk factor in patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). METHODS: We prospectively evaluated the prevalence of AGR in 300 ACS patients. Fasting blood glucose (BGL), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) were performed. Patients without diabetes ...
Chan Y C - - 2008
Marfan syndrome is a connective tissue disorder with a worldwide prevalence of 1 in 5,000, without any racial predilection. Major cardiovascular manifestations of Marfan disease often require surgical intervention. The aim of this study was to examine the demographics of patients with Marfan syndrome admitted to Hong Kong hospitals over ...
Uthoff H - - 2008
PURPOSE: Intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery and the resistive index (RI) of the internal carotid artery correlate with the degree of atherosclerosis and are predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Limited or no data are available about long-term predictive values and the progression of the two markers ...
Vinker Shlomo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe adherence with statin treatment in a usual practice setting and to investigate potential determinants of better adherence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using administrative claims data. METHODS: Study patients were 47,680 individuals enrolled in the Central District of Clalit Health Services HMO in Israel who filled at ...
de Boccardo G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality post-liver transplantation (OLT). This study focused on investigating the incidence and risk factors associated with the development CKD after OLT. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of recipients followed at least 5 years at our ...
Cooper Howard A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease has a tremendous impact on patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We sought to describe the outcomes of patients with ESRD and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: We analyzed consecutive AMI patients admitted to a single coronary care unit, according to the presence or absence of ESRD. ...
Klima Theresia - - 2008
Body temperature (BT) was shown to have impact on outcome in several medical conditions. This study investigated the prognostic impact of BT in patients with acute heart failure (HF). The B-type natriuretic peptide for Acute Shortness of breath EvaLuation (BASEL) study prospectively enrolled 452 consecutive patients presenting with acute dyspnoea ...
Tsuiki Mika - - 2008
Although subclinical Cushing's syndrome has been commonly experienced, details of the clinical outcome and its indication for adrenalectomy have yet to be established. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence of cardiovascular risks, their clinical outcome during long-term follow up before and after adrenalectomy in 20 patients with subclinical ...
Tajima Naoko - - 2008
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with no history of CVD. Evidence for the effect of statins on CVD in the diabetic population in low-risk populations (e.g., Japanese) is limited. We evaluated the effect of pravastatin on risk reduction of CVD related ...
Tousoulis Dimitris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Major depression (MD) is a key feature in heart failure (HF), and it is unclear whether common antidepressive medications interact with cardiovascular drugs used for the treatment of patients with MD and HF, affecting their efficacy. We examined the impact of MD on long-term survival of patients with end-stage ...
Sangle S R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease may be increased in patients with systemic vasculitides (SV). The Ankle-Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) is a non-invasive tool for the assessment of cardiovascular risk (CV). Our aim was to determine the prevalence of an abnormal ABPI in patients with SV and healthy controls and to correlate with ...
Aakre Jennifer M - - 2009
Many studies have found that people experiencing persecutory delusions have a marked tendency to use external-personal attributions when establishing the causes of negative events. Although nonclinical populations also tend to attribute negative events to external causes, those causes are typically believed to be universal in nature, rather than personal. The ...
Chang Sung-A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Recently, multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been proposed as an accurate diagnostic tool to evaluate for coronary artery disease. However, the role of MDCT as part of the initial diagnostic for evaluating acute chest pain is less well established. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients presenting with acute chest pain ...
Cook Jeffrey R - - 2008
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and anemia portend a higher risk of cardiac events and mortality. We sought to ascertain whether coronary artery disease (CAD) by myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography is more common in patients with CKD (glomerular filtration rate < or =60 ml/min/1.73 kg/m(2)) and/or anemia (hemoglobin level ...
Yeo Tiong Cheng - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Atherothrombosis is the leading cause of cardiovascular mortality. The Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry provided information on atherosclerosis risk factors and treatment. Singapore was one of the 44 participating countries in the REACH Registry. The objective of this study was to determine the atherosclerosis risk factor ...
Jerng Jih-Shuin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest remains very poor. Reports have shown patients often have clinically abnormal events prior to arrest. To improve patient outcome and prevent arrest, detection of the abnormal events with early intervention has been advocated. However, the incidence of these events in Taiwan and their ...
Denollet Johan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who report low distress are considered to be at low psychological risk for clinical events. However, patients with a repressive coping style may fail to detect and report signals of emotional distress. The authors hypothesized that repressive CAD patients are at risk for clinical ...
Reintam Annika - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in incidence, time course and outcome of primary versus secondary intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), and to evaluate IAH as an independent risk factor of mortality in a presumable risk population of critically ill patients. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: General intensive care unit of a university ...
Scalzi Lisabeth V - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with patients' recognition of SLE as an independent risk factor for CVD and their perception of their personal CVD risk. METHODS: SLE ...
Rehak Matus - - 2008
Several small case-control studies have investigated whether factor V Leiden (FVL) is a risk factor for retinal vein occlusion (RVO) and generated conflicting data. To clarify this question we performed a large two-centre case-control study and a meta-analysis of published studies. Two hundred seven consecutive patients with RVO and a ...
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