Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1253
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Gimeno-Orna José A - - 2009
It is important identify patients with very high cardiovascular risk to intensify their therapy. Our aim was to assess the association between retinopathy and incident cardiovascular events (cardiovascular disease [CVD]) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients were included if they had type 2 DM and a visible ...
Fensterseifer Daniele M - - 2009
AIM: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been associated with higher mortality in chronic renal disease. The purpose of this study was to assess coronary artery calcium score (CaCs) in haemodialysis patients and to correlate calcium scores with clinical parameters and mortality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 59 haemodialysis ...
Lee Ing-Kit - - 2009
In a retrospective study, acute renal failure (ARF) was found in 10 (3.3%) among 304 hospitalized adults with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and 6 (60%) of the 10 patients with ARF died, whereas all 294 patients without ARF (controls) survived (P < 0.001). Compared with the controls, DHF patients with ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2009
Mean arterial pressure has been used in clinical trials in nephrology to randomly assign and treat patients, yet the pulsatile component of BP is recognized to influence outcomes in older people. I examined the unique contributions of systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) on the risk for ESRD and death ...
Aichner F T - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data on current cardiovascular event rates in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) are sparse. We compared the 1-year outcomes of patients with ACAS > or =70% versus patients without ACAS in an international, prospective cohort of outpatients with or at risk of atherothrombosis. METHODS: The ...
Koleganova Nadezda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), aortic calcification is more frequent and severe and it is also predictive of adverse cardiovascular outcome. The aim of the present study was to characterize aortic calcification in renal compared with non-renal patients. METHODS: Aortas of 31 patients with advanced CKD and ...
Ozçakar Z Birsin - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to apply the new classification criteria proposed by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) in a pediatric population and to determine the clinical characteristics, laboratory features and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in a tertiary pediatric nephrology center in Turkey. Patients' charts from ...
Jamison Rex L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the gene regulating methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) are associated with increased homocysteine levels and increased mortality in normal and chronic kidney disease (CKD) populations. STUDY DESIGN: Gene association study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: This was a substudy of 677 patients from 21 Veterans Affairs medical centers participating in a ...
Venkataraman Rajesh - - 2009
This study examined the relation between heart rate (HR) response to adenosine and outcome in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The usual HR increase during adenosine infusion was caused by direct sympathetic stimulation. It was hypothesized that a blunted HR response, which was probably caused by sympathetic denervation, would ...
Penne E Lars - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic hyperactivity has been associated with adverse clinical outcome and is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to reduce sympathetic activity in CKD patients. The present study was performed to investigate whether sympathetic hyperactivity ...
Foussas Stefanos G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aspirin resistance has been associated with an adverse long-term outcome in patients with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but more studies are needed. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of aspirin resistance, assessed by the Platelet Function Analyzer-100 (PFA-100) (Dade Behring Inc., Deerfield, Ill., USA) ...
Sagoo Gurdeep S GS MRC Biostatistics Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization is being increasingly used in patients with learning disability (mental retardation) and congenital anomalies. In this article, we update our previous meta-analysis evaluating the diagnostic and false-positive yields of this technology. An updated systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted investigating patients with learning disability and congenital ...
Miwa Yosuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described the clinical usefulness of heart rate turbulence (HRT), an autonomic predictor of mortality, in stratifying patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) at risk of cardiac mortality and arrhythmic events. We prospectively assessed the utility of HRT for risk stratification in patients with ischemic or nonischemic DCM. ...
Anagnostopoulos Petros V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with heterotaxy syndrome have a myriad of visceral and cardiac malformations historically resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess whether current era management strategies have improved outcomes in patients with visceral heterotaxy. METHODS: A retrospective review (1994-2008) of our database identified 45 consecutive heterotaxy patients ...
Kerkeni Mohsen - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. We determine homocysteine levels (Hcy), paraoxonase (PON1) concentration and their relationship on cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic renal disease (CRD). DESIGN AND METHODS: The study population included 100 CRD patients and 120 healthy controls. Renal function was assessed ...
Limdi Nita A NA Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1719 6th Avenue South, CIRC-312, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-0021, USA. - - 2009
Although management of warfarin is challenging for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), no prospective studies have compared response to warfarin among patients with minimal, moderate, and severe CKD. This secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of 578 patients evaluated the influence of kidney function on warfarin dosage, anticoagulation control, ...
Mowry E M - - 2009
It is unclear whether the severity of and recovery from the initial demyelinating event (IDE) are recapitulated in subsequent multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses. We sought to identify the factors associated with relapse severity and recovery and to evaluate whether events have inherent severity or recovery. Patients seen at the UCSF ...
Zeymer Uwe - - 2009
AIMS: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are manifestations of the same underlying condition, atherothrombosis. We compared patients with PAD only with those having PAD and concomitant documented CAD in terms of characteristics, risk factors, treatment and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a subgroup analysis of ...
Movasat Atusa - - 2009
The aims of this study were to find the characteristics and prevalence of nailfold capillary changes in a large series of patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and to analyze their possible relation to other clinical characteristics of the disease. We performed nailfold capillaroscopy in 128 randomly selected patients fulfilling the ...
Yamamoto Risako - - 2009
Using a new estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equation, we undertook a retrospective chart review to investigate the clinical significance of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage for atherosclerosis in 653 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes that were followed from January 2004 to December 2006 at Juntendo University Hospital. Diabetic ...
Mesquita Maria - - 2009
Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and early biomarkers are required which can predict disease and death in such patients. The aim of our study was to investigate if osteoprotegerin (OPG) could be a predictor of coronary artery calcification ...
Rachapalli Satish M - - 2009
Chronic inflammatory autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are associated with an increased risk of accelerated atherosclerosis (ATS). Very limited data are available about the incidence of ATS in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (PSS). Ankle brachial index (ABI) is a recognized method of detecting subclinical atherosclerosis. ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2009
Abstract Background: Conventional cardiac markers used for the biochemical diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have a high specificity but low sensitivity within 2-4 h of symptoms onset. The red blood cell distribution width (RDW), reflecting the size variability of circulating red blood cells, has been shown to be independently ...
Mohapatra M K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of research to quantify the severity and to predict the mortality risk of severe falciparum malaria even if it affects multiple organ systems during the course of the disease. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to develop a severity score for assessment of disease ...
Tokita Yukichi - - 2009
Rapid and accurate methods for screening are necessary for the diagnosis of acute cardiovascular diseases (ACVD), including acute coronary syndrome (ACS), pulmonary thromboembolism, and acute aortic dissection. In this study, the utility of rapid D-dimer measurement for the screening of ACVD was evaluated. Consecutive 279 emergent patients in whom ACVD ...
Poli Daniela - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients are widely heterogeneous in terms of ischaemic stroke risk, and several risk stratification schemes have been developed. We performed a prospective study on 662 AF patients on long-term oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT), evaluating the agreement among the different schemes and their correlation with adverse events recorded ...
Body R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk score has been shown to risk stratify patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) effectively in the emergency department (ED) but cannot be used to guide patient disposition. We aimed to evaluate whether modifying the TIMI risk score to give greater weighting ...
Russo Domenico - - 2009
Coronary calcification (CAC) is found in early stages of CKD. Pulse pressure (PP) predicts CAC in dialysis patients. This study evaluates the accuracy of PP in predicting CAC in patients not yet on dialysis (CKD patients). CKD patients (n = 388) underwent coronary calcium score (CAC score) and abdominal x-ray ...
Bolignano Davide - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently assumed epidemic proportion, becoming a troubling emerging cause of morbidity, especially if it progresses to terminal stage (ESRD). The authors aimed to evaluate whether neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a novel specific biomarker of acute kidney injury, could predict the progression of CKD. Serum and ...
Sereg Márta - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased prevalences of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hyperlipidemy, and obesity in patients with non-functioning adrenal adenomas (NFAAs), there is a paucity of data on long-term atherosclerotic morbidity as well as the long-term cardiovascular effects of adrenalectomy in these patients. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND METHODS: This retrospective ...
Keller Till - - 2009
AIMS: Chronic kidney disease is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Cystatin C is a promising marker to reliably mirror renal function. The role of cystatin C in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and normal or mildly reduced kidney function is the subject of current investigation. METHODS AND ...
Eizadi-Mood Nastaran - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the incidence of aspiration pneumonitis (AP) and its association with gag reflex and Glasgow Coma Score (GCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis study after prospective data collection, 155 poisoned patients with GCS less than or equal to 12 were ...
Rigatto Claudio - - 2009
Cardiovascular events are 10 to 100 times more frequent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We tested the hypothesis that the rate of atherosclerotic plaque growth is faster in severe versus moderate CKD. We performed a prospective cohort study in 318 prevalent CKD patients with initial creatinine clearance (CCr) between 20 ...
Sunderkötter C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Digital ulcers (DU) are a major complication in the course of systemic sclerosis (SSc). In recent years, efficacious, but expensive therapies (e.g. iloprost, sildenafil, bosentan) have been shown to improve healing or to reduce the recurrence of DU. For optimal management it would be useful to identify the risk ...
Yumino D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the influence of sleep apnoea (SA) on the risk of death differs in patients with ischaemic and in those with non-ischaemic heart failure (HF). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients with HF with left ventricular ejection fraction < or =45% newly referred to the HF ...
Fellah Hayet - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed to test the predictive value of several potential cardiovascular factors and markers for non fatal cardiovascular events (CVE) and overall mortality in Tunisian patients with renal failure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifteen renal failure patients were followed-up from 2000 to 2006. At enrollment, ...
De Gaudio A R - - 2009
The aging world population will increase the incidence and mortality of severe sepsis. The aim of the present article is to review the pathophysiological differences in sepsis and its clinical impact on the elderly. The impact of immunosenescence on innate and acquired immunity is associated with relative immunologic depression that ...
Kazama Junichiro James - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the prevalence of gallbladder stones (GBS) is higher in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: A total of 398 patients with CKD of each of the 5 disease stages [CKD1: 26; CKD2: 52; CKD3: 58; CKD4: 48; CKD5: 214, of whom 61 were predialysis ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Conventional cardiac markers used for the biochemical diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have a high specificity but low sensitivity within 2-4 h of symptoms onset. The red blood cell distribution width (RDW), reflecting the size variability of circulating red blood cells, has been shown to be independently associated ...
Mesquita Maria - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and early biomarkers are required which can predict disease and death in such patients. The aim of our study was to investigate if osteoprotegerin (OPG) could be a predictor of coronary artery calcification (CAC) ...
Erselcan T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Several organizations recommend using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in kidney function monitoring, preferably calculated with Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula. The role of this formula is not clear in the risk stratification of contrast induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) in nonsteady state patients. AIM: Comparative ...
Ozturk Savas - - 2009
AIMS: There are not enough data about the type of the membrane that should be used in acute intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) in patients with crush syndrome where intradialytic complication rate is high. The effects of dialyzers on outcome have been investigated in this study. METHODS: Patients who required IHD due ...
Arikan Hakki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels are associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk in the general population. It has been shown that peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients have increased plasma levels of PAI-1. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PAI-1 independently predicted CV outcome in PD patients. ...
Wei Tao - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification and cardiovascular events are common in hemodialysis patients. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) plays an important role in vascular calcification and bone remodeling. This study investigates the effects of soluble RANKL (sRANKL) on cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: Serum sRANKL levels of 47 patients ...
D??ez Juan J - - 2009
AIMS: Our aim was to evaluate the prognostic value of 2 measurements of serum adiponectin levels for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular (CV) mortality in uremic patients. METHODS: We analyzed 184 patients (19-86 years) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (n = 86) or hemodialysis (n = 98). All patients had 2 measurements of ...
Lim Paik-Seong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In recent years, sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) has been widely considered to be a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Although several plausible mechanisms have been put forth to explain such association in patients with SAS, oxidative stress has been suggested to play a major role. In patients with SAS, ...
Schwarz Clemens Peter - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate an increased mortality of anemic patients with renal failure when near-normal hemoglobin levels are aimed for by treatment with erythropoiesis stimulating agents. Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) is a strong predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease. The relationships between aPWV, ...
Black Henry R - - 2009
Valsartan is a nonpeptide angiotensin receptor antagonist that selectively blocks the binding of angiotensin II to the angiotensin II type 1 receptor. The efficacy, tolerability and safety of valsartan have been demonstrated in large-scale studies in hypertension, heart failure (HF) and post-myocardial infarction (MI). This review focuses on what was ...
Stosovic M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is well known that serum urea concentration is not a good predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients. On the other hand, urea kinetic modeling has been very successfully used to measure dialysis dose by the Kt/V index, which was found to be a good predictor of mortality. Could ...
Portol?s Jos? - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is little information on the development of anemia in the early stages of chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the onset of renal anemia in a cohort of initially nonanemic chronic kidney disease patients followed up in nephrology clinics. METHODS: This epidemiological, prospective, ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >