Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1270
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Sawara Yukako - - 2009
A necessary condition for establishing new criteria for the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Japan is waist circumference (WC), which varies among races. In the present study, we measured WC and visceral fat area (VFA) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and assessed the features of new MetS criteria in ...
Spronk Sandra - - 2009
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is of proven benefit for patients with coronary artery disease. Patients who successfully complete CR have a statistically significant reduction in the risk of fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and all-cause mortality. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is common in patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated whether PAD ...
Reavey-Cantwell John F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Antiplatelet therapy is critical to endovascular neurosurgical procedures. Some patients are aspirin-resistant nonresponders. We reviewed our endovascular neurosurgery patients who were premedicated with aspirin and clopidogrel and identified nonresponders to aspirin. Factors associated with aspirin resistance were determined. METHODS: Consecutive endovascular neurosurgery patients were identified who were treated by ...
Gaughan M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Emergency abdominal aortic aneurysm (EmAAA) represents a spectrum of disease from symptomatic non-ruptured aneurysms to free intraperitoneal rupture, with significantly worse outcomes for patients in a haemodynamically shocked state before surgery. A study was undertaken to see if the preoperative journey and outcome were different in patients who deviated ...
Zipfel Gregory J - - 2009
This article presents a modification to the existing classification scales of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas based on newly published research regarding the relationship of clinical symptoms and outcome. The 2 commonly used scales, the Borden-Shucart and Cognard scales, rely entirely on angiographic features for categorization. The most critical anatomical feature ...
Bail Dorothee H L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Hydrotin-C is a bacterial cellulose consisting of 90% of physiological solution. The cellulose pad is smooth and elastic and cannot be torn, and is therefore suitable for use on any local skin condition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the image quality (IQ) and transducer pressure of ...
Shechter Michael - - 2009
Endothelial function is impaired in advanced chronic heart failure (ACHF) patients. We explored a possible association between endothelial function and subsequent mortality risk in ACHF. We prospectively assessed brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in 82 consecutive New York Heart Association class IV ischaemic ACHF patients with a mean left ventricular ejection ...
Lee Po-Shun - - 2009
Plasma gelsolin (pGSN) binds actin and bioactive mediators to localize inflammation. Low pGSN correlates with adverse outcomes in acute injury, whereas administration of recombinant pGSN reduces mortality in experimental sepsis. We found that mean pGSN levels of 150 patients randomly selected from 10,044 starting chronic hemodialysis were 140 +/- 42 ...
Muntinghe Friso L H - - 2009
The CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a receptor for various proinflammatory chemokines, and a deletion variant of the CCR5 gene (CCR5 Delta 32) leads to deficiency of the receptor. We hypothesized that CCR5 Delta 32 modulates inflammation-driven mortality in patients with ESRD. We studied the interaction between CCR5 genotype and ...
Boswood Adrian - - 2009
Currently natriuretic peptides are justifiably regarded as the most promising circulating markers of cardiovascular disease in dogs and cats, but there are many other markers that can be used in the evaluation of such patients. There are markers of myocyte injury typified by troponins I and T; markers of myocyte ...
Momiyama Yukihiko - - 2009
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels can predict cardiovascular events among apparently healthy individuals and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, hsCRP levels vary among ethnic populations. We previously reported hsCRP levels in Japanese to be much lower than in Western populations. We investigated the prognostic value of hsCRP levels ...
Nakamura Haruo - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relation between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and retrospectively to evaluate the effect of low dose of pravastatin in Japanese hypercholesterolemic patients with CKD enrolled in the large-scale randomized MEGA Study. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis, effect of low dose pravastatin treatment ...
Dasgupta Arijit - - 2009
No prospective randomized trial has specifically examined the long-term outcomes of clopidogrel use in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to determine the risks and benefits of long-term clopidogrel administration in patients with diabetic nephropathy, the most common form of chronic kidney disease. We performed a post hoc ...
Kikuchi Atsuhiro - - 2009
AIM: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) often causes post-ictal delirium (PID), to date, the specific risk factors of PID have not been described. The purpose of the present study was therefore to elucidate the predictors of PID via identification of the characteristics of patients with PID. METHODS: ECT was conducted in ...
Keenan Robert T - - 2009
The prevalence of gout has been increasing in epidemic proportions over the last several decades. Hyperuricemia has been shown to be associated with metabolic syndrome and to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Associations between hyperuricemia, obesity and aging have provided an impetus in recent years to develop ...
Tsirpanlis George - - 2009
Low and not high cholesterol seems to predict high mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The confirmation of this reverse epidemiology as well as its possible interconnection with the increased inflammatory activity observed in this population is being explored in the present study. A group of 136 HD patients was prospectively ...
Krenning Guido - - 2009
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) contribute to repair and maintenance of the vascular system, but in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the number and function of EPC may be affected by kidney dysfunction. We assessed numbers and the angiogenic function of EPC from patients with CKD in relation to disease ...
Gimeno-Orna José A - - 2009
It is important identify patients with very high cardiovascular risk to intensify their therapy. Our aim was to assess the association between retinopathy and incident cardiovascular events (cardiovascular disease [CVD]) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients were included if they had type 2 DM and a visible ...
Fensterseifer Daniele M - - 2009
AIM: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been associated with higher mortality in chronic renal disease. The purpose of this study was to assess coronary artery calcium score (CaCs) in haemodialysis patients and to correlate calcium scores with clinical parameters and mortality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 59 haemodialysis ...
Lee Ing-Kit - - 2009
In a retrospective study, acute renal failure (ARF) was found in 10 (3.3%) among 304 hospitalized adults with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), and 6 (60%) of the 10 patients with ARF died, whereas all 294 patients without ARF (controls) survived (P < 0.001). Compared with the controls, DHF patients with ...
Agarwal Rajiv - - 2009
Mean arterial pressure has been used in clinical trials in nephrology to randomly assign and treat patients, yet the pulsatile component of BP is recognized to influence outcomes in older people. I examined the unique contributions of systolic (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) on the risk for ESRD and death ...
Aichner F T - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Data on current cardiovascular event rates in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) are sparse. We compared the 1-year outcomes of patients with ACAS > or =70% versus patients without ACAS in an international, prospective cohort of outpatients with or at risk of atherothrombosis. METHODS: The ...
Koleganova Nadezda - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), aortic calcification is more frequent and severe and it is also predictive of adverse cardiovascular outcome. The aim of the present study was to characterize aortic calcification in renal compared with non-renal patients. METHODS: Aortas of 31 patients with advanced CKD and ...
Ozçakar Z Birsin - - 2009
The purpose of our study was to apply the new classification criteria proposed by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) in a pediatric population and to determine the clinical characteristics, laboratory features and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in a tertiary pediatric nephrology center in Turkey. Patients' charts from ...
Jamison Rex L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the gene regulating methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) are associated with increased homocysteine levels and increased mortality in normal and chronic kidney disease (CKD) populations. STUDY DESIGN: Gene association study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: This was a substudy of 677 patients from 21 Veterans Affairs medical centers participating in a ...
Venkataraman Rajesh - - 2009
This study examined the relation between heart rate (HR) response to adenosine and outcome in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The usual HR increase during adenosine infusion was caused by direct sympathetic stimulation. It was hypothesized that a blunted HR response, which was probably caused by sympathetic denervation, would ...
Penne E Lars - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Sympathetic hyperactivity has been associated with adverse clinical outcome and is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to reduce sympathetic activity in CKD patients. The present study was performed to investigate whether sympathetic hyperactivity ...
Foussas Stefanos G - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Aspirin resistance has been associated with an adverse long-term outcome in patients with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, but more studies are needed. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of aspirin resistance, assessed by the Platelet Function Analyzer-100 (PFA-100) (Dade Behring Inc., Deerfield, Ill., USA) ...
Sagoo Gurdeep S GS MRC Biostatistics Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization is being increasingly used in patients with learning disability (mental retardation) and congenital anomalies. In this article, we update our previous meta-analysis evaluating the diagnostic and false-positive yields of this technology. An updated systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted investigating patients with learning disability and congenital ...
Miwa Yosuke - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Few studies have described the clinical usefulness of heart rate turbulence (HRT), an autonomic predictor of mortality, in stratifying patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) at risk of cardiac mortality and arrhythmic events. We prospectively assessed the utility of HRT for risk stratification in patients with ischemic or nonischemic DCM. ...
Anagnostopoulos Petros V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Patients with heterotaxy syndrome have a myriad of visceral and cardiac malformations historically resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess whether current era management strategies have improved outcomes in patients with visceral heterotaxy. METHODS: A retrospective review (1994-2008) of our database identified 45 consecutive heterotaxy patients ...
Kerkeni Mohsen - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. We determine homocysteine levels (Hcy), paraoxonase (PON1) concentration and their relationship on cardiovascular complications in patients with chronic renal disease (CRD). DESIGN AND METHODS: The study population included 100 CRD patients and 120 healthy controls. Renal function was assessed ...
Limdi Nita A NA Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1719 6th Avenue South, CIRC-312, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-0021, USA. - - 2009
Although management of warfarin is challenging for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), no prospective studies have compared response to warfarin among patients with minimal, moderate, and severe CKD. This secondary analysis of a prospective cohort of 578 patients evaluated the influence of kidney function on warfarin dosage, anticoagulation control, ...
Mowry E M - - 2009
It is unclear whether the severity of and recovery from the initial demyelinating event (IDE) are recapitulated in subsequent multiple sclerosis (MS) relapses. We sought to identify the factors associated with relapse severity and recovery and to evaluate whether events have inherent severity or recovery. Patients seen at the UCSF ...
Zeymer Uwe - - 2009
AIMS: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) are manifestations of the same underlying condition, atherothrombosis. We compared patients with PAD only with those having PAD and concomitant documented CAD in terms of characteristics, risk factors, treatment and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a subgroup analysis of ...
Movasat Atusa - - 2009
The aims of this study were to find the characteristics and prevalence of nailfold capillary changes in a large series of patients with Behçet's disease (BD) and to analyze their possible relation to other clinical characteristics of the disease. We performed nailfold capillaroscopy in 128 randomly selected patients fulfilling the ...
Yamamoto Risako - - 2009
Using a new estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equation, we undertook a retrospective chart review to investigate the clinical significance of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage for atherosclerosis in 653 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes that were followed from January 2004 to December 2006 at Juntendo University Hospital. Diabetic ...
Mesquita Maria - - 2009
Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and early biomarkers are required which can predict disease and death in such patients. The aim of our study was to investigate if osteoprotegerin (OPG) could be a predictor of coronary artery calcification ...
Rachapalli Satish M - - 2009
Chronic inflammatory autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are associated with an increased risk of accelerated atherosclerosis (ATS). Very limited data are available about the incidence of ATS in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (PSS). Ankle brachial index (ABI) is a recognized method of detecting subclinical atherosclerosis. ...
Lippi Giuseppe - - 2009
Abstract Background: Conventional cardiac markers used for the biochemical diagnosis of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have a high specificity but low sensitivity within 2-4 h of symptoms onset. The red blood cell distribution width (RDW), reflecting the size variability of circulating red blood cells, has been shown to be independently ...
Mohapatra M K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is paucity of research to quantify the severity and to predict the mortality risk of severe falciparum malaria even if it affects multiple organ systems during the course of the disease. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to develop a severity score for assessment of disease ...
Tokita Yukichi - - 2009
Rapid and accurate methods for screening are necessary for the diagnosis of acute cardiovascular diseases (ACVD), including acute coronary syndrome (ACS), pulmonary thromboembolism, and acute aortic dissection. In this study, the utility of rapid D-dimer measurement for the screening of ACVD was evaluated. Consecutive 279 emergent patients in whom ACVD ...
Poli Daniela - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients are widely heterogeneous in terms of ischaemic stroke risk, and several risk stratification schemes have been developed. We performed a prospective study on 662 AF patients on long-term oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT), evaluating the agreement among the different schemes and their correlation with adverse events recorded ...
Body R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) risk score has been shown to risk stratify patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) effectively in the emergency department (ED) but cannot be used to guide patient disposition. We aimed to evaluate whether modifying the TIMI risk score to give greater weighting ...
Russo Domenico - - 2009
Coronary calcification (CAC) is found in early stages of CKD. Pulse pressure (PP) predicts CAC in dialysis patients. This study evaluates the accuracy of PP in predicting CAC in patients not yet on dialysis (CKD patients). CKD patients (n = 388) underwent coronary calcium score (CAC score) and abdominal x-ray ...
Bolignano Davide - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has recently assumed epidemic proportion, becoming a troubling emerging cause of morbidity, especially if it progresses to terminal stage (ESRD). The authors aimed to evaluate whether neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a novel specific biomarker of acute kidney injury, could predict the progression of CKD. Serum and ...
Sereg Márta - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased prevalences of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hyperlipidemy, and obesity in patients with non-functioning adrenal adenomas (NFAAs), there is a paucity of data on long-term atherosclerotic morbidity as well as the long-term cardiovascular effects of adrenalectomy in these patients. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND METHODS: This retrospective ...
Keller Till - - 2009
AIMS: Chronic kidney disease is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Cystatin C is a promising marker to reliably mirror renal function. The role of cystatin C in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and normal or mildly reduced kidney function is the subject of current investigation. METHODS AND ...
Eizadi-Mood Nastaran - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the incidence of aspiration pneumonitis (AP) and its association with gag reflex and Glasgow Coma Score (GCS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective analysis study after prospective data collection, 155 poisoned patients with GCS less than or equal to 12 were ...
Rigatto Claudio - - 2009
Cardiovascular events are 10 to 100 times more frequent in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We tested the hypothesis that the rate of atherosclerotic plaque growth is faster in severe versus moderate CKD. We performed a prospective cohort study in 318 prevalent CKD patients with initial creatinine clearance (CCr) between 20 ...
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