Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1253
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Nemes Attila - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFR) is markedly reduced in severe aortic valve stenosis (AS). Independent prognostic value of pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography-derived CFR was seen in a variety of diseases. However, the prognostic significance of CFR by pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography has never been evaluated in patients with AS. METHODS: A ...
Barreto Fellype C - - 2009
As a major component of uremic syndrome, cardiovascular disease is largely responsible for the high mortality observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Preclinical studies have evidenced an association between serum levels of indoxyl sulfate (IS, a protein-bound uremic toxin) and vascular alterations. The aim of this study is to investigate ...
Koenig Wolfgang - - 2009
AIMS: Type II secretory phospholipase A(2) (sPLA(2)-IIA) is widely expressed in various cell types and may trigger local inflammatory responses. We sought to evaluate whether systemic sPLA(2) is associated with prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma concentrations of sPLA(2) (ELISA) and sPLA(2) activity (selective ...
Chasen Stephen T - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of restrictive versus routine use of "detailed" second-trimester sonography. METHODS: Records of singleton pregnancies undergoing evaluation from 2004 to 2008 were reviewed. A detailed examination (Current Procedural Terminology [CPT] code 76811) was routinely performed on all patients. Major structural ...
Williams Freddie M - - 2009
Cardiovascular complications are infrequent but can result in significant morbidity following noncardiac surgery, especially in patients with peripheral vascular disease or increased age. All patients require some level of preoperative screening to identify and minimize immediate and future risk, with a careful focus on known coronary artery disease or risks ...
Gu Yan-Hong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Much remains unknown regarding extrathyroidal congenital malformations (ECMs) in patients with primary congenital hypothyroidism (PCH) and Down syndrome (DS). Here, we investigated the frequency of ECMs in patients with PCH, particularly among patients with or without DS. METHODS: In a retrospective review of questionnaires based on medical records, ECMs ...
Kownator Serge - - 2009
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a marker of increased risk of cardiovascular events and of poor prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The prevalence of unknown PAD among patients with CAD varies between studies according to the mode of diagnosis. To evaluate the prevalence of unknown PAD, diagnosed ...
Boin Francesco F Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21224, USA. - - 2009
Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is characterized by a unique widespread vascular involvement that can lead to severe digital ischemia, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), or other organ dysfunction. Microthrombotic events and procoagulation factors such as anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-beta2GPI) or anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) may be implicated in the development of these manifestations. ...
de Liefde I I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the predictive value of walking distance after an exercise test on long-term outcome in patients with normal and impaired ankle-brachial index (ABI). DESIGN: A total of 2191 patients with known or suspected peripheral arterial disease (PAD), who were referred for a single-stage treadmill exercise test to diagnose ...
Morena Marion - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Expression of bone proteins resulting from transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells into osteoblasts suggests that vascular calcifications are a bioactive process. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) could play a key role in bone-vascular calcification imbalance and could be a marker of vascular calcification extent and progression. The purpose of this study ...
van Bommel E F H - - 2009
Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a rare disorder of unknown etiology. Its incidence is unknown, and the insidious and nonspecific nature of symptoms may contribute to considerable diagnostic delay. We conducted the current study to assess the incidence and clinicoradiologic characteristics of idiopathic RPF. For this, we evaluated prospectively 53 consecutive ...
Poprawski Kajetan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases account for a threefold higher mortality in women with Turner syndrome (TS). It has also been suggested that the occurrence of these diseases is dependent on karyotype. AIM: To assess the cardiovascular system by clinical examination, echocardiography and electrocardiography in female patients with TS, depending on karyotype. ...
van Straten Albert H M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The predictive value of the preoperative hemoglobin value after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has not been well established. We studied how the preoperative hemoglobin level affects the survival of patients after CABG. Late mortality was compared with that of a general population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Early and late ...
Khandanpour N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate homocysteine (Hcy) levels in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) as compared to unaffected controls, and to review the clinical effects of therapy aimed at lowering homocysteine in PAD patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched from 1950 to December 2007. We selected observational studies ...
Richir M C - - 2009
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) plays a crucial role in the arginine-nitric oxide pathway. Critically ill patients have elevated levels of ADMA which proved to be a strong and independent risk factor for ICU mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonist ...
Carrero Juan Jes??s - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease where oxidized low-density lipoprotein may play an important role through phosphorylcholine (PC)-exposing inflammatory phospholipids. Both atherosclerosis and its clinical consequence cardiovascular disease (CVD) are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We here study the association between IgM antibodies against phosphorylcholine-A (anti-PC) ...
Kim Dae-Young - - 2010
This study was performed to identify whether cytogenetics, International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS), or World Health Organization Classification-Based Prognostic Scoring System are predictive of the efficacy of azacitidine in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 113 patients with MDS treated with azacitidine. The "response ...
Kovesdy Csaba P - - 2009
Markers of protein-energy wasting (PEW) and inflammation are common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are among the strongest predictors of mortality in dialysis patients. We hypothesized that markers of PEW and inflammation show similar associations in patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD (NDD-CKD). We examined the associations of serum albumin, white ...
Amighi J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) are considered cardiovascular high-risk patients. Our aim was to investigate whether incidental renal artery stenosis (RAS) increases the risk for adverse cardiovascular and renal outcomes in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 487 consecutive patients admitted for revascularization of symptomatic ...
Khiari Hela Mrabet - - 2009
The objective of this study is to report cases of unexpected deaths in Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) patients, a comparatively benign form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy. We performed a multicentric study of the circumstances of death in ULD patients seen in the last 16 years. We assessed age, sex, severity and ...
Nissel Richard - - 2009
Endothelial dysfunction is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and contributes significantly to the high long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The short-term cardiovascular effects of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in CKD patients (stages III-V) and healthy controls (n=15 each) were explored in a single-center, non-randomized pilot study. ...
Bonello Laurent - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognosis of patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) despite chronic clopidogrel therapy (CCT). BACKGROUND: CCT has been shown to be beneficial in decreasing the frequency of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients after an ACS or drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. Some patients, however, ...
Fruchter Oren - - 2009
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients are at increased risk for mortality, particularly from cardiovascular conditions. Acute exacerbation increases heart burden and may lead to release of troponin I. This study investigates the long-term prognostic value of elevated troponin I detected during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The records ...
Yen Tzung-Hai - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This study investigates diabetic patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD), and examines whether cardiothoracic ratio (CTR), malnutrition, and inflammation are closely interrelated, and whether CTR predicts short-term mortality in this population. METHODS: A 2-year longitudinal study that enrolls 179 patients-73 without cardiomegaly (CTR <50%), 81 with mild cardiomegaly (CTR 50%-60%), ...
Correll Darin J - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Age is often the sole criterion for determining the need for preoperative electrocardiograms. However, screening electrocardiograms have not been shown to add value above clinical information. This study was designed to determine whether it is possible to target electrocardiograms ordering to patients most likely to have an abnormality that ...
Drechsler Christiane - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The association between parathyroid hormone (PTH) level and mortality in dialysis patients is controversial. We hypothesized that wasting, a common condition potentially related to adynamic bone disease, modifies the association of PTH with mortality and cardiovascular events (CVE), respectively. METHODS: We analysed data from 1255 diabetic haemodialysis patients, participating ...
Kilic Teoman - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence indicates the prognostic importance of cystatin C (Cys-C) in patients with coronary artery disease. However, whether Cys-C concentrations are associated with adverse clinical events among patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have not been studied extensively. We compared the long-term prognostic efficacy of Cys-C with other markers ...
Roberts Matthew A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A single detectable cardiac troponin predicts mortality in patients treated with dialysis. There are limited data on changes in troponin concentration over time and the clinical implications of serial troponin measurement. METHODS: Serial cardiac troponin T (cTnT) was assayed five times over 12 months in a prospective cohort study ...
Piers Lieuwe H - - 2009
Patients with chronic renal failure have increased cardiac calcium loads. Previous studies have investigated the prevalence and quantitative extent of aortic valve calcium (AVC) and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in patients with various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the impact of preexisting atherosclerosis on the calcification burden has ...
Barreto Daniela Veit - - 2009
Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Vitamin D might have beneficial effects on vascular health. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (25-hydroxyvitamin D [25D] <or= 15 ng/ml) and insufficiency (25D levels between 16 and ...
Ogawa Tetsuya - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Although aortic arch calcification (AoAC) is reported as a predictor for cardiovascular mortality in the general population, it is unknown whether this is also true in hemodialysis (HD) patients in whom vascular calcification and cardiovascular diseases are highly prevalent. METHODS: The enrolled study subjects were 401 patients (270 men ...
Hatzimichael Eleftheria - - 2009
Few studies exist regarding the methylation status of the TP73 CpG island in plasma cell dyscrasias. We have tested whether CpG methylation of both CDKN2A and TP73 occurs in 45 individuals with multiple myeloma (24 male and 21 female, mean age 66.4 years) and in 4 patients (2 male and ...
Haffey Thomas A - - 2009
Cardiovascular disease (eg, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke) is the leading cause of death in patients who have metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. By effectively treating the whole patient, however, the risk of death from cardiovascular disease can be reduced or prevented. The author describes clinical approaches for achieving this goal. ...
Sawara Yukako - - 2009
A necessary condition for establishing new criteria for the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Japan is waist circumference (WC), which varies among races. In the present study, we measured WC and visceral fat area (VFA) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and assessed the features of new MetS criteria in ...
Spronk Sandra - - 2009
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is of proven benefit for patients with coronary artery disease. Patients who successfully complete CR have a statistically significant reduction in the risk of fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and all-cause mortality. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is common in patients with coronary artery disease. We investigated whether PAD ...
Reavey-Cantwell John F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Antiplatelet therapy is critical to endovascular neurosurgical procedures. Some patients are aspirin-resistant nonresponders. We reviewed our endovascular neurosurgery patients who were premedicated with aspirin and clopidogrel and identified nonresponders to aspirin. Factors associated with aspirin resistance were determined. METHODS: Consecutive endovascular neurosurgery patients were identified who were treated by ...
Gaughan M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Emergency abdominal aortic aneurysm (EmAAA) represents a spectrum of disease from symptomatic non-ruptured aneurysms to free intraperitoneal rupture, with significantly worse outcomes for patients in a haemodynamically shocked state before surgery. A study was undertaken to see if the preoperative journey and outcome were different in patients who deviated ...
Zipfel Gregory J - - 2009
This article presents a modification to the existing classification scales of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas based on newly published research regarding the relationship of clinical symptoms and outcome. The 2 commonly used scales, the Borden-Shucart and Cognard scales, rely entirely on angiographic features for categorization. The most critical anatomical feature ...
Bail Dorothee H L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Hydrotin-C is a bacterial cellulose consisting of 90% of physiological solution. The cellulose pad is smooth and elastic and cannot be torn, and is therefore suitable for use on any local skin condition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the image quality (IQ) and transducer pressure of ...
Shechter Michael - - 2009
Endothelial function is impaired in advanced chronic heart failure (ACHF) patients. We explored a possible association between endothelial function and subsequent mortality risk in ACHF. We prospectively assessed brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in 82 consecutive New York Heart Association class IV ischaemic ACHF patients with a mean left ventricular ejection ...
Lee Po-Shun - - 2009
Plasma gelsolin (pGSN) binds actin and bioactive mediators to localize inflammation. Low pGSN correlates with adverse outcomes in acute injury, whereas administration of recombinant pGSN reduces mortality in experimental sepsis. We found that mean pGSN levels of 150 patients randomly selected from 10,044 starting chronic hemodialysis were 140 +/- 42 ...
Muntinghe Friso L H - - 2009
The CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is a receptor for various proinflammatory chemokines, and a deletion variant of the CCR5 gene (CCR5 Delta 32) leads to deficiency of the receptor. We hypothesized that CCR5 Delta 32 modulates inflammation-driven mortality in patients with ESRD. We studied the interaction between CCR5 genotype and ...
Boswood Adrian - - 2009
Currently natriuretic peptides are justifiably regarded as the most promising circulating markers of cardiovascular disease in dogs and cats, but there are many other markers that can be used in the evaluation of such patients. There are markers of myocyte injury typified by troponins I and T; markers of myocyte ...
Momiyama Yukihiko - - 2009
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels can predict cardiovascular events among apparently healthy individuals and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, hsCRP levels vary among ethnic populations. We previously reported hsCRP levels in Japanese to be much lower than in Western populations. We investigated the prognostic value of hsCRP levels ...
Nakamura Haruo - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relation between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and retrospectively to evaluate the effect of low dose of pravastatin in Japanese hypercholesterolemic patients with CKD enrolled in the large-scale randomized MEGA Study. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis, effect of low dose pravastatin treatment ...
Dasgupta Arijit - - 2009
No prospective randomized trial has specifically examined the long-term outcomes of clopidogrel use in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to determine the risks and benefits of long-term clopidogrel administration in patients with diabetic nephropathy, the most common form of chronic kidney disease. We performed a post hoc ...
Kikuchi Atsuhiro - - 2009
AIM: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) often causes post-ictal delirium (PID), to date, the specific risk factors of PID have not been described. The purpose of the present study was therefore to elucidate the predictors of PID via identification of the characteristics of patients with PID. METHODS: ECT was conducted in ...
Keenan Robert T - - 2009
The prevalence of gout has been increasing in epidemic proportions over the last several decades. Hyperuricemia has been shown to be associated with metabolic syndrome and to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Associations between hyperuricemia, obesity and aging have provided an impetus in recent years to develop ...
Tsirpanlis George - - 2009
Low and not high cholesterol seems to predict high mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The confirmation of this reverse epidemiology as well as its possible interconnection with the increased inflammatory activity observed in this population is being explored in the present study. A group of 136 HD patients was prospectively ...
Krenning Guido - - 2009
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) contribute to repair and maintenance of the vascular system, but in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), the number and function of EPC may be affected by kidney dysfunction. We assessed numbers and the angiogenic function of EPC from patients with CKD in relation to disease ...
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