Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1264
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ter Avest E - - 2011
Study objective Elevated arterial lactate levels are closely related to morbidity and mortality in various patient categories. In the present retrospective study, the relation between arterial lactate, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pco(2)) and pH was systematically investigated in patients who visited the emergency department (ED) with psychogenic hyperventilation. Methods ...
de Lurdes Agostinho Cabrita Ana - - 2011
Anemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recently, the erythropoiesis-stimulating agent/hemoglobin level (ESA/Hb) index emerged as a new factor associated with increased morbidity and mortality in this population. In this study, we evaluated the factors that influence the ESA/Hb index in a pre-dialysis CKD population. Ninety-five patients ...
Liuni Andrew - - 2010
Endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is measured as the increase in diameter of a conduit artery in response to reactive hyperemia, assessed either at a fixed time point [usually 60-s post-cuff deflation (FMD(60))] or as the maximal dilation during a 5-min continuous, ECG-gated, measurement (FMD(max-cont)). Preliminary evidence suggests that the time ...
Wang Angela Yee-Moon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) has been suggested to have a role in atherosclerosis through its strong oxidative capacity. We hypothesized that MPO level may predict clinical outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 236 long-term PD patients ...
Paoletti Ernesto - - 2011
The role of cardiovascular factors in predicting renal outcome has not been extensively elucidated. Herein, we report a prospective evaluation of the impact of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) on outcome in non-diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We studied 144 patients (99 men; age 62 ± 14 years) with stage ...
Agarwal Rajiv R Indiana University School of Medicine and Veterans' Administration Medical Center, 1481 West 10th St, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA. - - 2010
Among chronic hemodialysis patients, 217 hospitalizations per 1000 patient-years are attributed to congestive heart failure; some are attributable to unrecognized hypervolemia. Hypervolemia can be detected by relative plasma volume (RPV) monitoring. The purpose of this study was to examine among 308 patients on long-term hemodialysis the value of slope of ...
Mason Rebecca H - - 2011
Rationale: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are associated with life-threatening complications. The likelihood that an AAA will rupture is influenced by the aneurysm diameter and its expansion rate; reasons for rapid expansion are largely unknown. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with AAA, and investigate ...
Toyohara Takafumi - - 2010
Early detection and accurate monitoring of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is likely to improve care and decrease the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. As a new diagnostic tool, we examined the retention of uremic solutes as a simpler, more accurate method to assess renal function. To achieve ...
Yilmaz Mahmut I - - 2010
Studies in animals show that fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 interferes with vascular reactivity induced by the nitric oxide (NO) system. To investigate the relationship between circulating FGF-23 levels and the response of forearm blood flow to ischemia (flow-mediated vasodilatation, FMD) and nitroglycerin, we tested 183 patients with stage 3-4 chronic ...
Vettori S - - 2010
To investigate the prevalence of clinical and subclinical atherosclerosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and its associated features. Fifty unselected SSc patients and 41 controls, matched for sex and age, were investigated for previous cardiovascular events, cardiovascular risk factors, and ultrasonographic features of subclinical atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries, that ...
Ohuchi Hideo - - 2011
Abnormal cardiac autonomic nervous activity (CANA) is not uncommon in postoperative patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). We attempted to clarify the prognostic value of the CANA variables in postoperative CHD patients and prospectively evaluated the CANA variables in 292 consecutive biventricular and 91 Fontan repair patients. The CANA variables ...
Mason Molly A - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease. Several mechanisms are thought to contribute to vascular calcification and subsequent cardiovascular disease in patients who require hemodialysis. One of these mechanisms is the use of calcium-containing phosphate binders to treat hyperphosphatemia. Although most ...
Di Capua Mirko - - 2010
The pathogenesis and treatment of retinal vein occlusions (RVO) are largely unclear. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and of thrombophilic abnormalities was evaluated in 117 patients (61 M, 56 F; mean age 51 +/- 13 years) with a history of RVO (62 central, CRVO; 48 branch, BRVO; 7 both) and ...
Pérez-De-Lis M - - 2010
We evaluated the prevalence and clinical significance of cardiovascular risk factors in a large series of patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), focusing on the possible association with clinical and immunological SS features, the therapies administered, and the impact on cardiovascular disease. The study cohort included 312 patients fulfilling the ...
Yamamoto Toshiyuki - - 2010
We investigated the time course of pneumonia onset and duration of continued oral intake following videofluorography (VFG) in patients with Lewy body disease. Subjects were 90 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and 45 with Lewy body dementia (LBD). We performed a follow-up study of the time from VFG until ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2010
CC-chemokines and kynurenine pathway (KP) metabolites are associated with accelerated atherosclerosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We evaluate the plasma levels of anthranilic acid (AA), 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-HAA) and their possible relationship with CC-chemokines, Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) as the marker of oxidative status and high sensitivity C-reactive ...
Hashimoto Jun - - 2011
Our aim was to assess the ability of tocilizumab monotherapy to reduce progressive structural joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis patients at high risk of progression. This study was a subanalysis from a prospective 1-year, multicenter, X-ray-reader-blinded, randomized controlled trial of tocilizumab [Study of Active Controlled Monotherapy Used for Rheumatoid Arthritis, ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in both chronic kidney disease and peritoneal dialysis/hemodialysis patients. Vascular disease prevention in these patients is therefore important to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events and the high morbidity and mortality. This Editorial discusses the traditional, (1) smoking, (2) dyslipidemia, (3) body ...
Pedersen Eva Ringdal - - 2010
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily with pleiotropic effects on bone metabolism, endocrine function and the immune system. Circulating OPG levels are elevated in cardiovascular disease (CVD). We assessed serum OPG as predictor of long-term prognosis in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris (SAP) undergoing ...
Hatzakorzian Roupen - - 2011
The incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing worldwide; however, its diagnosis is often delayed. Identifying patients with abnormal fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels preoperatively may have important implications for immediate and long-term outcomes. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) ...
Buraczynska Monika - - 2010
Inflammation plays an important role in cardiovascular disease (CVD). The complement system is a critical component of innate and acquired immunity. We investigated whether the polymorphisms in the complement receptor 1 (CR1) gene are associated with CVD in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The study groups of 1200 patients with ...
Lumen Nicolaas - - 2011
To determine the outcome of urethroplasty for failed hypospadias repair and to compare this with a matched cohort of patients treated with urethroplasty for other reasons. Between January 2000 and August 2007, 25 patients with a failed hypospadias repair were treated with urethroplasty (A). This cohort of patients was matched ...
Seiler Sarah - - 2010
High levels of the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) predict mortality in haemodialysis patients. The prognostic relevance of increased plasma FGF-23 levels in patients with less advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) who are not on dialysis therapy is presently unknown. We measured plasma c-terminal FGF-23 levels in 149 ...
van Lammeren G W - - 2010
With the aging population and the increasing number of patients suffering from diabetes, the incidence of clinical manifestations of atherosclerotic disease is rising. Risk factors for development of atherosclerosis have been described and it is a challenge to develop risk scores that can be applied for individual patients. Specific predictors ...
Bal Laurence - - 2010
Flow cytometry has shown levels of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs) and endothelial-derived microparticles (EMPs) to be elevated in deep-vein thrombosis. Cardiovascular risk factors can also contribute to hypercoagulability due to circulating procoagulant microparticles (CPMPs). To investigate in a case-control study the respective contribution of pulmonary embolism and cardiovascular risk factors to ...
del Río-Espínola Alberto - - 2010
AIMS: To find genetic predictors of reocclusion after successful fibrinolytic therapy during the acute phase of ischemic stroke. PATIENTS & METHODS: This was a case-case prospective study analyzing 236 polymorphisms in a cohort of 222 patients treated with tissue plasminogen activator, from which 16 patients suffered a reocclusion event (7.2%). ...
Haas Martin H - - 2010
High coronary artery calcification score (CACS) assessed by computed tomography is related to mortality in asymptomatic patients with normal kidney function. The predictive value of CACS is still disputed in patients with end-stage renal disease and is unknown in patients with pre-terminal renal failure. Chiu and co-workers provide evidence that ...
Romero Roberto - - 2010
Biomarkers for preterm labor (PTL) and delivery can be discovered through the analysis of the transcriptome (transcriptomics) and protein composition (proteomics). Characterization of the global changes in low-molecular weight compounds which constitute the 'metabolic network' of cells (metabolome) is now possible by using a 'metabolomics' approach. Metabolomic profiling has special ...
Szántó Antónia - - 2010
The aim of the study was to examine human serum paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity, phenotype distribution and lipid parameters in patients with Sjögren's syndrome. The prevalence of cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases in SS patients was also evaluated after a 5-year follow-up. Fifty-seven SS patients and 17 age-matched healthy controls were ...
Duwensee Kristina - - 2010
The impact of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in the development of atherosclerosis is a matter for ongoing debate. In this study, we analyse associations of CETP with cardiovascular endpoints in a cohort of patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). KAROLA is a prospective observational study of patients with ...
von Känel Roland - - 2010
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and circulating cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs) predict cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized a positive relationship between PTSD caused by myocardial infarction (MI) and soluble CAMs. We enrolled 22 post-MI patients with interviewer-rated PTSD and 22 post-MI patients with no PTSD. At 32±6months after index MI, all patients ...
Velasco R - - 2010
Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) by multiple myeloma (MM) is rare. Immunoglobulin D (IgD) MM represents only 1% to 2% of all MM patients. Previous reports show a disproportionate number of patients with IgD MM with leptomeningeal myelomatosis (LMM). Several biological markers have been associated with LMM. The ...
Berg Christian - - 2010
CONTEXT: Data on cardiovascular risk in acromegaly are scanty and lack a clear correlation to epidemiological data. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was an evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with active acromegaly, a calculation of the Framingham risk score (FRS) compared with age- and gender-matched controls of the general population, ...
de Souza Alexandre W S - - 2010
Vessel wall inflammation, atherosclerosis and hypercoagulability may be responsible for ischemic events in Takayasu arteritis (TA). No study has evaluated the effect of antiplatelet therapy for the prevention of ischemic events in TA. Forty-eight patients who met the ACR Classification Criteria for TA under follow-up at the Vasculitis Unit of ...
Geirsson Arni Jon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the familiality of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in Iceland. METHODS: The Icelandic genealogy database and population-wide data on all living Icelanders diagnosed as having AS (n=280), who previously had taken part in an epidemiological study on the prevalence of AS in Iceland, were included in the study. Identification ...
Chung Sung Hee - - 2010
It is well established that the survival rate of diabetic end-stage renal disease patients remains the lowest among all primary diagnoses probably because of higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) associated with diabetes. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of CVD and other risk factors individually or in ...
Briguori Carlo - - 2010
Cystatin C (CyC) is more sensitive than serum creatinine (sCr) to rapidly detect acute changes in renal function. We measured CyC together with sCr in 410 consecutive patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing either coronary and/or peripheral angiography and/or angioplasty. sCr was assessed at baseline and 24 and 48 hours ...
John Gennari F - - 2010
Adjustment of bath [HCO(3)(-)] to "normalize" predialysis serum [HCO(3)(-)] in patients receiving intermittent hemodialysis has been advocated to prevent the adverse effects of metabolic acidosis. However, when mortality risk has been evaluated in hemodialysis patients in relation to their nadir serum [HCO(3)(-)], an increase in risk is noted both with ...
Arantes Rodolfo L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that the universal application of myocardial scanning with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) would result in better risk stratification in renal transplant candidates (RTC) compared with SPECT being restricted to patients who, in addition to renal disease, had other clinical risk factors. METHODS: RTCs (n=363) ...
Omae Kiyotsugu - - 2010
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) is recommended for the treatment of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The relation of ACEI to renal prognosis was investigated in CKD patients in a retrospective cohort study. The objectives were patients with nondiabetic CKD of stage 4 ...
Blomstrand David - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Thrombin activation measured by the levels of the complex between activated protein C (APC) and the protein C inhibitor (PCI) is elevated in several atherosclerotic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether levels of the APC-PCI complex are related to the prognosis in peripheral arterial disease ...
Sartori Michelangelo - - 2010
Few data are available on thrombophilic risk factors and progression of atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Thrombophilic alterations can be an aggravating factor when arterial stenoses are present. In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the presence of the thrombophilic factors fibrinogen, homocysteine, factor (F)VIII, lupus anticoagulant (LAC), FII G20210A, and ...
Yaşar N Şule - - 2010
This retrospective study aims to seek a relationship between the number of thrombotic events and presence of thrombophilic factors in Behcet's disease (BD). Any patient with a vascular problem evaluated for at least one thrombophilic factor was deemed eligible for the present study. Upon an evaluation of their medical records, ...
Ikeda Tomoyuki - - 2010
Aspirin is an antiplatelet drug widely used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. It has been reported that some patients who exhibit a reduced antiplatelet effect of aspirin have higher cardiovascular risk. It is still controversial whether the antiplatelet effect of aspirin diminishes after a few years of treatment. This ...
Chen Szu-Chia - - 2010
AIM: The ankle brachial index (ABI) is a marker for peripheral artery disease and can predict mortality in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and haemodialysis patients, respectively. However, it is seldom studied in Taiwan, an area with high prevalence of CKD and end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study ...
Mueller Thomas - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) has been associated with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of PAPP-A as a marker for long-term mortality in patients with atherosclerotic PAD. METHODS: PAPP-A serum concentrations were measured using an enzymatically amplified two-step sandwich-type immunoassay in ...
Gandhi Kaushang - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular manifestation in patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, and mortality in patients hospitalized for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (27 women and 11 men), mean age 44 ...
El-Menyar Ayman A Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, - - 2010
To assess the impact of chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) on in-hospital major adverse cardiac events across the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) spectrum. From January 29, 2007, through July 29, 2007, 6 adjacent Middle Eastern countries participated in the Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events, a prospective, observational registry of 8176 ...
Yeo Tsin W TW International Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. - - 2010
Asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), is a predictor of mortality in critical illness. Severe malaria (SM) is associated with decreased NO bioavailability, but the contribution of ADMA to the pathogenesis of impaired NO bioavailability and adverse outcomes in malaria is unknown. In adults with ...
Costanzo Simona - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to quantify the relation between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular and total mortality in patients with a history of cardiovascular events. BACKGROUND: Regular, moderate alcohol consumption by healthy people is associated with lower cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. No extensive meta-analysis is presently available on ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >