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Treglia Giorgio - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Differential diagnosis between Parkinson's disease (PD) and other Parkinsonism using clinical criteria or imaging methods is often difficult. The purpose of this study is to systematically review and meta-analyze published data about the diagnostic performance of myocardial innervation imaging using (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy in differential diagnosis between PD and ...
Espeche Alberto A Deparment of Neurology, Hospital Público Materno Infantil, Salta, Argentina. - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyze the electroclinical features and evolution in patients with benign infantile seizures (BIS) associated with paroxysmal dyskinesia (PD). Among 198 patients with BIS (78 of whom were familial cases), we evaluated 12 unrelated patients with BIS and PD seen at two pediatric neurology ...
Paiva Teresa - - 2011
Individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) have hallucinations and mild cognitive dysfunction. The objective of this work was to study dreams in PD and TLE patients using a common functional model of dream production involving the limbic and paralimbic structures. Dreams were characterised in early-stage PD ...
Cavallini Giorgio - - 2011
Introduction. The aim of this paper was to find a link between Peyronie's Disease (PD) and bioavailable (bT)/free testosterone (fT) blood levels. Patients and methods. Subjects with no erectile dysfunction were prospectively studied with respect to 3 parameters: differences in bT/fT between 106 PD patients and 99 healthy controls; differences ...
Janzen J - - 2012
Visual hallucinations (VH) are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and lead to a poor quality of life. For a long time, dopaminergic therapy was considered to be the most important risk factor for the development of VH in PD. Recently, the cholinergic system, including the pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN), has been ...
Mizuno Masashi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the population of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) is <4% of the total number of patients with end-stage renal disease. Few systemic analyses have examined why the number of PD patients has not increased in Japan. We organized a registry to analyze PD patients and retrospectively investigated ...
Demir Mehmet - - 2011
: The aim of this study was to evaluate atrial conduction abnormalities obtained by Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) and electrocardiogram analysis in Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) patients. : A total of 30 patients with ASA (11 males/19 females, mean age 29.6 ± 11.3 years) and 25 controls (9 males/16 females, ...
Japiassú André M - - 2011
Increasing evidence points to the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Previous data indicate that mitochondrial function is affected in monocytes from septic patients, but the underlying mechanisms and the impact of these changes on the patients' outcome are unknown. We aimed to determine the mechanisms involved ...
Turner Krista L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is secreted in response to myocardial stretch and has been used clinically to assess volume overload and predict death in congestive heart failure. More recently, BNP elevation has been demonstrated with septic shock and is predictive of death. How BNP levels relate to cardiac function ...
Balogh Zsolt J - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine the current incidence of postinjury abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), the effect of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) on trauma outcomes, and the independent predictors of postinjury IAH. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Eighty-one consecutive shock/trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit (mean ...
Agarwal Vikram - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TTC) is commonly triggered by acute illness, physical or emotional stress and has been associated with elevated catecholamine levels. TTC has also been associated with pheochromocytoma (TTC-pheo). METHODS: We performed a computer assisted search of the electronic databases Medline, Scopus and Google Scholar from 1965 to January ...
Pezzilli Raffaele - - 2011
Hyperamylasemia can be observed anecdotally during the course of severe sepsis or septic shock. This study aimed to investigate the possibility of pancreatic involvement in patients with septic shock using serum pancreatic enzyme determinations and imaging techniques in 21 consecutive patients with septic shock and 21 healthy subjects as controls. ...
Mariano Filippo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Citrate anticoagulation is gaining popularity in renal replacement therapies (RRT) for critically ill patients. In order to study whether citrate accumulates in septic shock patients, we determined citrate in plasma and dialysate during continuous venovenous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF). METHODS: An automated routine determination of citrate was set up using a ...
Woodrow Graham - - 2011
Fluid homeostasis is one of the fundamental roles of the kidney and a crucial aspect in clinical management of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Volume status has an important impact on the outcome of PD patients. Fluid excess leads to accelerated development of cardiovascular disease. Volume status may also impact ...
Allert Niels - - 2011
In the selection of Parkinson patients for deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) a risk-benefit-analysis is performed regarding symptoms that commonly improve and symptoms that may deteriorate. Speech is among the symptoms that may deteriorate. In contrast, the differential effects of STN-DBS on swallowing are less clear. ...
Barnay-Verdier Stéphanie - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence and predictive value of natural autoantibodies to high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) during sepsis. METHODS: Anti-HMGB1 and anti-human serum albumin (HSA) autoantibodies were detected by ELISA in 178 plasma samples longitudinally collected from 40 critically ill patients with septic shock. One hundred thirty-two plasma samples ...
Malasana Gangadhar - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Despite identifying several risk factors for sudden cardiac death, our ability to predict arrhythmic events in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) remains poor. The purpose of this study was to determine if patients who received appropriate ICD shocks had a higher degree of right ventricular (RV) dysfunction ...
Mahapatra Srijoy S Division of Cardiology/Electrophysiology, University of Virginia, PO Box 800679, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2011
We sought to determine the incidence, predictors, and consequences of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) following epicardial ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation. A total of 41 patients with no prior history of AF underwent epicardial VT ablation via a percutaneous subxiphoid approach. All patients were monitored continuously for 3 days following ablation ...
Ragothaman Mona - - 2011
Can dysautonomic symptoms occurring within a year of developing motor symptoms distinguish Multiple system atrophy-Parkinsonian (MSA-P) from Parkinson's disease (PD)? Seventy-two Parkinsonian patients diagnosed as probable PD or MSA-P. PD (n = 58, 80.6%) and MSA (n = 14, 19.4%) patients were of similar age and had motor symptoms for ...
Nakamura Tsukasa - - 2011
PURPOSE: Endotoxin plays a role in organ failure in septic shock patients. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) axis is also involved in septic shock. We investigated here the effects of endotoxin removal by polymyxin B-immobilized polystyrene fiber (PMX-F) treatment on circulating levels of ...
Barbosa Philip V - - 2011
To determine whether shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) increases the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) at intermediate follow-up. All patients were treated with the Medstone STS electrohydraulic lithotripter, and the data were recorded prospectively in a centralized database. The data on the development of HTN after SWL was obtained from a questionnaire ...
Ce P - - 2011
The small heat shock protein, HSP27, has been shown to have a more potent protective effect in the nervous system. However, there is limited information about the behavior of HSP27 in the course of multiple sclerosis (MS). Thus, we investigated the HSP27 levels during relapse and remission phases of MS. ...
Tordato F - - 2011
The prevalence and factors associated with an increased risk of renal dysfunction in HIV-infected patients receiving or not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) have been poorly evaluated in observational settings. Patients in the ICONA Foundation cohort with at least two creatinine values available while still ART-naïve were enrolled in the study. ...
Martens Heidi - - 2011
This study examines the impact of Parkinson's disease (PD) on communicative efficiency conveyed through prosody. A new assessment method for evaluating productive prosodic skills in Dutch speaking dysarthric patients was devised and tested on 36 individuals (18 controls, 18 PD patients). Three professional listeners judged the intended meanings in four ...
Hui Ferdinand K - - 2011
: Antithrombotic states are encountered frequently, either because of medical therapy or by preexistent pathological states, and may affect the severity of hemorrhagic strokes such as angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhages. : To determine the effects of antithrombotic states on the outcomes of patients with angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhage by examining ...
Portolés J - - 2011
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) seems to be a good option to initiate renal replacement therapy (RRT), but patients with graft failure choose PD less frequently than incident patients (de novo). To describe patient movements between PD and kidney transplantation (TX) and risk factors for failure of the PD technique. Multicentre observational ...
Stec Sebastian - - 2011
Background: External, rectilinear biphasic cardioversion (RBC), as against monophasic cardioversion, requires lower energy and has been documented to be more effective in restoring sinus rhythm in atrial fibrillation (AF). There is, however, limited data on the optimal protocol of low energy RBC in atrial flutter (AFl) and regular atrial tachyarrhythmias ...
Colman Katrien S F - - 2011
Coexistent impairments in executive functions and language comprehension in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have been repeatedly observed. In this study, the aim was to provide insights into the interaction between linguistic representation and processing and executive functioning. Therefore, sentence comprehension and executive functions were assessed in 28 Dutch-speaking PD ...
Alves Brunna E - - 2011
Septic shock is the most feared complication of chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia. So far, there are no robust biomarkers that can stratify patients to the risk of sepsis complications. The VEGF-A axis is involved in the control of microvascular permeability and has been involved in the pathogenesis of conditions associated with ...
Okada Yohei - - 2011
This study investigated abnormalities of the first three steps of gait initiation in patients with Parkinson's disease without freezing of gait (PD - FOG) and investigated which abnormalities are related to FOG. Seven PD - FOG and seven age-matched healthy controls performed self-generated or cue-triggered gait initiation. Data for PD patients with FOG (PD + FOG) ...
Gobin Jaya J Hospital of Saint Raphael, Metabolism Associates, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2011
The management of anaemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) to achieve current guideline goals is difficult and is hindered by multiple factors, including problems with the scheduling and adjustment of dosing of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) and the frequency of required ESA administration to achieve target haemoglobin (Hgb) levels. The primary ...
Haba Danisia D Department of Rheumatology, Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iassy, - - 2011
Recent advances have suggested that periodontitis (PD), the paradigm of chronic infection in dental pathology, shares several pathogenic pathways with cardio- and cerebro-vascular disorders (CVD), based on inflammatory mediators including IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α. To assess pro-inflammatory biomarkers (C-reactive protein - CRP, IL-6) in serum and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in ...
Krzystek-Korpacka Malgorzata - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate whether severe sepsis/septic shock are related to alterations in midkine concentrations, to identify disease-related factors associated with these alterations, and to initially appraise whether midkine might serve as a biomarker in sepsis. DESIGN:: Prospective observational cross-sectional study with 5-day follow-up. Circulating midkine was measured (ELISA) in 38 ...
Hernandez Glenn - - 2011
The prognostic value of hyperlactatemia in septic shock is unquestionable. However, as current definitions do not include hyperlactatemia as a mandatory criterion, some hypotensive patients may be diagnosed as having septic shock despite exhibiting normolactatemia. The significance of persistent sepsis-induced hypotension without hyperlactatemia is unclear. Is it really septic shock? ...
Abdel-Latif Ahmed - - 2010
The study sought to examine the total weight of evidence regarding the use of drug eluting (DES) and bare metal stents (BMS) in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). The potential superiority of DES over BMS in reducing target lesion or vessel revascularization (TLR or TVR) in patients with ...
Barreto Daniela V - - 2011
Aims: To assess (a) plasma osteopontin (pOPN) in a cohort of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients; (b) the relationship between pOPN and aortic calcification and stiffness, and (c) the association between pOPN and the overall and cardiovascular mortality risk. Methods: pOPN, the abdominal aortic calcification score and pulse wave velocity ...
Pieringer H - - 2011
Mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is higher than in the general population, which is due mainly to premature cardiovascular disease. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors cannot entirely explain the higher level of cardiovascular complications, and there is growing evidence that chronic inflammation is the main culprit. The aims of ...
Lin Grace - - 2011
Aims Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves outcomes in heart failure, yet selection of patients likely to have survival benefit is problematic. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an important determinant of mortality in patients with congestive heart failure therefore we sought to determine the impact of CKD on mortality benefit after ...
La Manna Gaetano - - 2011
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sensorimotor neurological disorder characterized by paraesthesia, dysaesthesia and the irresistible urge to move the legs especially at night. Its prevalence is much higher among dialysis patients at 12 to 62% compared to 3 to 9% in the general population. Here, we investigated the association ...
Satoh-Asahara Noriko - - 2011
Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and all-cause mortality. Serum cystatin C (S-CysC), a marker of GFR, has been shown to be associated with CVD and CKD. This study was designed to elucidate the association of urinary CysC (U-CysC), a ...
Zinnamosca Laura - - 2011
The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of pheochromocytoma (PHEO) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), and to analyze the behavior of some anthropometric and cardiovascular parameters. In 48 consecutive NF1 patients, urinary metanephrines and vanillylmandelic acid excretion were assessed. The body mass index (BMI), waist ...
Cordero Alberto - - 2010
Blood pressure (BP) control induces reductions in target-organ damage and cardiovascular events. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a multifactorial disease related to cardiovascular disease, but its relationship with BP control has not been extensively studied. We describe the effect of BP control on ED in patients with high-risk hypertension who were ...
Zuo L - - 2010
To illustrate the incidence and prevalence of ESRD in mainland China, and estimate future trends. The Chinese Society of Blood Purification (CSBP) produced a survey form. The form was designed for use at the facility level, rather than at the patient level. The data were those prevailing at the end ...
Ng Siew C - - 2010
To review recent publications related to NSAID-induced adverse effects on the gastrointestinal and cardiovascular systems. This paper explores novel mechanisms of NSAID-induced gastrointestinal injury, highlights new composite endpoints evaluating adverse events of NSAIDs in the entire gastrointestinal tract, and combines published data to establish evidence-based guidance on the best use ...
Flaherty Matthew L - - 2010
The incidence of anticoagulant-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (AAICH) quintupled during the 1990 s, probably due to increased warfarin use for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Anticoagulant-associated intracerebral hemorrhage now accounts for nearly 20% of all intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Among patients using warfarin for atrial fibrillation, the annual risk of ICH in ...
Aljadhey Hisham H Medication Safety Research Chair, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2010
Selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have been linked to cardiac death. The mechanism for this adverse effect appears to be by ischemic insult; however another mechanism could involve hyperkalemia. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of selective COX-2 inhibitors and non-selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on serum ...
Bergheanu Sandrin C - - 2011
Late-acquired stent malapposition (LASM) is a common finding after sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation and may be the cause for late stent thrombosis. Inflammation may play a pivotal role in LASM just as it plays in stent restenosis. We have therefore investigated seven polymorphisms involved in inflammatory processes, related in previous ...
Rassaf Tienush - - 2012
Cardiovascular mortality is markedly increased in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may be explained in part by sympathetic hyperactivity. Impaired hyperoxic chemoreflex sensitivity (CHRS) has been attributed to an increased sympathetic tone. The aim of the present study was to examine whether chemosensor function is altered in patients with CKD. ...
Sabán-Ruiz Jose - - 2010
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an inherited systemic disorder characterized by calcification of elastic tissue, affecting the skin, the eyes and vascular system. The aim of our study was to specify the cardiovascular changes in a case of pseudoxanthoma elasticum by a non-invasive haemodynamic evaluation. We present a 50-year-old woman with ...
García-Canton Cesar - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Vascular calcification is highly prevalent in this population and is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. Vascular calcification in uraemic patients is known to be an active and regulated process subject to the action of ...
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