Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1287
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Krasopoulos George - - 2008
To determine if there is a relation between aspirin "resistance" and clinical outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Electronic literature search without language restrictions of four databases and hand search of bibliographies for other relevant articles. Inclusion criteria included a test for platelet responsiveness and clinical ...
Lopez-Jimenez Francisco F Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Mayo Clinic Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA. - - 2008
The relationship of changes in weight to outcomes in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) is controversial. From the ENRICHD trial data, we assessed weight change, and the associations of baseline weight and change at follow-up with outcomes and interactions between psychosocial factors. At baseline, 73.6% of patients (n = 1706) ...
Apple Fred S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We demonstrate the performance of the bioMérieux VIDAS Troponin I Ultra assay for diagnostic accuracy for detection of myocardial infarction (MI) and risk stratification. METHOD: cTnI was measured in 545 patients from 2 clinical centers with symptoms suggestive of ACS at admission, with an additional specimen at 4-12 h ...
Reny J-L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: PFA-100 is a point-of-care assay that evaluates platelet reactivity in high-shear-stress conditions by measuring the closure time (CT) of a membrane aperture. When determined with a collagen/epinephrine cartridge (CEPI), the CT is usually prolonged by aspirin. Studies of the predictive value of a short PFA-100CT(CEPI) for ischemic events in ...
Oncul O - - 2008
We presented 23 patients with necrotizing fasciitis (NF), 15 of whom had uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM), for risk factors, clinical signs, laboratory findings and prognosis during the period 1998 and 2006 in Istanbul. A hospital incidence of NF was 14.2/100,000 admissions. Other risk factors were obesity in 9 and recent ...
Maekawa Kiyoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Full, as compared with partial, correction of anaemia did not reduce the mortality risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), although the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Since CKD is a high-risk population for cardiovascular disease (CVD), we tested a hypothesis that the presence of atherosclerosis affects the relationship ...
Hsiao Shih-Hung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The parameters derived by flow propagation velocity (FPV) of early-diastolic mitral inflow have been proved to be associated with cardiovascular risk. This study was undertaken to analyze the prognosis of uremic patients by FPV. METHODS: A total of 100 uremic patients were enrolled. All patients underwent conventional echocardiographic examination ...
Diabaté Souleymane - - 2008
A study of 312 untreated and 303 HAART-initiating patients to determine whether HAART is related to sexual risk taking in Côte d'Ivoire. At enrollment, unprotected sex was higher among untreated patients (P = 0.014). During follow-up, risk taking was similar (P = 0.484) as a result of an increase in ...
Nassaji-Zavareh Mohammad
<b>Background:</b> Herpes Zoster (HZ) is reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus that involves dermatomes. Aging and immunosupressed states are among the main risk factors. Some investigations showed that HZ is more common in diabetic patients than in normal population. <b> Aim:</b> To determine whether undiagnosed DM is more common in patients ...
Chen Kuan-Hsing - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) is associated with left ventricular mass, left ventricular systolic dysfunction and mortality in patients with hypertension or chronic cardiovascular disease. The clinical significance of CTR in non-diabetic maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients remains unclear. METHODS: 468 non-diabetic MHD patients were enrolled. Geographic, hematological, biochemical and dialysis-related data ...
Anselmino Matteo - - 2008
Dysglycemia is widespread among patients with coronary artery disease. It is indeed more common than normoglycemia in these patients. Coexistence of cardiovascular disease and dysglycemia presents significant health risks, and evidence suggests that both conditions should be treated early to reduce the development of complications. Guidelines recommend testing for prediabetes ...
Taskapan Hulya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects arising from late referral to a nephrologist of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are well known. Retrospectively we examined the initial characteristics of patients referred in various stages of CKD to our nephrology division and tried to identify potential baseline factors associated with subsequent changes ...
Arioka Ichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been reported to reduce the incidence of stroke in hypertensive patients. CCBs are also commonly used to treat patients with angina pectoris (AP). However, there are very few reports on their effects on cardiovascular events, including stroke and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), ...
Matsubara Keisuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bone and mineral disorders may contribute to extraosseous ossifications and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We have investigated the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and inflammation, wasting, CVD and mortality in ESRD patients. METHODS: BMD (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and biochemical, nutritional and inflammatory ...
Fornal M - - 2008
Rheological properties of erythrocytes from patients with high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were analyzed in relation to individual patient risk factors as well as to the medication. Additionally, comparative statistical analysis was performed considering plasma concentration of the selected mediators of vascular endothelium: 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1alpha) (PGF(1alpha)), sVCAM-1 and E-selectin ...
MacDougall Andrea M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease is a coronary risk equivalent; a low ankle-brachial index (ABI) is indicative of systemic vascular disease, and should place a patient in the high-risk category. Few physicians measure ABI because it is technically challenging and time consuming. Oscillometric blood pressure monitors are readily available and easy ...
Wassink Annemarie M J - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate the vascular risk associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) according to different clinical criteria with subsequent vascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease or abdominal aortic aneurysm and to examine whether patients with MetS at treatment goals for systolic ...
Golledge J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Endothelial dysfunction assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) has been associated with cardiovascular events. There have been relatively few studies examining FMD or other measures of endothelial function in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to examine determinants of FMD in a ...
Ku┼║niar Jakub - - 2008
The risk of cardiovascular mortality is significantly heightened in chronic dialysis patients. Aortic wall stiffness, as reflected by aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Loss of the aortic wall's elasticity is accelerated in dialysis patients because of calcifying medial arteriosclerosis, an active cellular process, controlled ...
Sit Dede - - 2008
AIM: End stage renal disease (ESRD) presents with higher morbidity and mortality with respect to the general population. In recent study, the causes of mortality and associated risk factors in ESRD have been evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 1538 patients diagnosed with ESRD in 10-year period were evaluated ...
Noordzij Marlies - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies found associations between higher plasma calcium and phosphorus and mortality in dialysis patients. However, different predefined categories and reference values were applied and the precise shape of these relationships remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated 1,621 patients from NECOSAD, a prospective multicenter cohort study of incident dialysis patients ...
Röther Joachim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a global public health problem. CVD patients are at high risk of recurrent stroke and other atherothrombotic events. Prevalence of risk factors, comorbidities, utilization of secondary prevention therapies and adherence to guidelines all influence the recurrent event rate. We assessed these factors in 18,992 CVD ...
Akdag Ibrahim - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mortality resulting from cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is high. In this study we sought to investigate the clinical value of the malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis (MIA) syndrome for long-term prediction of cardiovascular mortality in patients treated with ESRD. METHODS: A total of 42 ESRD patients on hemodialysis ...
Lu Qun - - 2008
As the scope of therapeutic apheresis (TA) expands and more procedures are requested for critically ill patients, adverse reactions (AR) associated with TA become a major concern for physicians, nurses, patients and their families. To assess the risks for ARs associated with patients' underlying diseases, we developed a preprocedure assessment ...
Chiu Yen-Ling - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Taiwan has the highest incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the world, but little is known about the outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) before ESRD in Taiwan. This study investigated the rate of renal progression and predictors for ESRD and death in a prospective cohort ...
Maroo Bijesh P - - 2008
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality in elderly patients. While coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality have decreased over the last 25 years, the percentage reduction in elderly patients is nearly 50% lower than that for the general adult population. Therefore, aggressive primary and secondary prevention of ...
Sukiennik Adam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare risk predicted using available risk scores and actual outcomes in patients with left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI LM). METHODS: We studied 204 patients treated with elective or emergent coronary angioplasty. We estimated in-hospital ...
Nassaji-Zavareh Mohammad - - 2008
Herpes Zoster (HZ) is reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus that involves dermatomes. Aging and immunosupressed states are among the main risk factors. Some investigations showed that HZ is more common in diabetic patients than in normal population. To determine whether undiagnosed DM is more common in patients with HZ than ...
Cubbon Richard M - - 2008
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is associated with adverse cardiovascular prognosis. However, the risk associated with DM may vary between individuals according to their overall cardiovascular risk burden. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether DM is associated with poor outcome in patients presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) according to the index ...
Ferguson Angela D - - 2008
Antiplatelet resistance has been proposed as a possible mechanism to explain recurrent cardiovascular events in patients who have coronary artery disease and who are undergoing dual antiplatelet therapy. A comprehensive search on PubMed was conducted for literature that was printed in the English language between January 1996 and November 2007 ...
Böhm Michael - - 2008
Current best practice to reduce cardiovascular disease involves evaluating patients' global cardiovascular risk profiles and devising treatment strategies accordingly. Despite the proven efficacy of this approach, very few physicians are adequately assessing risk, and consequently patients are failing to achieve desired treatment targets. Modifying lifestyle factors, such as diet, exercise, ...
Otto-Buczkowska Ewa E Upper Silesia Mother and Child Health Centre, Katowice. - - 2008
For many years chronic complications of diabetes in adolescent patients were linked mainly to microangiopathy. New, more and more accurate, diagnostic methods, making noninvasive diagnosis of very early lesions in the vascular wall possible, allowed to find out that microangiopathic lesions may be present even in very young patients. Maintenance ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to estimate the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among bipolar disorder patients during a 6-year follow-up after acute mood episodes. The risk is compared with that of a cohort of patients who underwent appendectomy operations during the same period. METHODS: We used ...
Stefanescu Ada - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are no studies yet on the usefulness of myeloperoxidase (MPO) as a prognostic tool in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study included 382 patients with clinical and angiographic confirmation of stable CAD. Blood samples for MPO measurement were taken before angiography. Myeloperoxidase was determined ...
Jiménez D - - 2008
The assessment of risk and appropriate treatment of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a challenge. The prognostic performance of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in predicting 30-day all-cause mortality was prospectively assessed in consecutive haemodynamically stable patients with PE. The present study included 318 haemodynamically stable patients with PE. ...
Oppert Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sound data about the prevalence of acute renal failure (ARF) among patients with severe sepsis and septic shock are lacking. Further, it is not known whether ARF is an independent risk factor for mortality in septic patients or merely an indicator of disease severity. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional one-day ...
Caglar Kayser - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascular calcification and endothelial dysfunction contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sevelamer, a non-calcium-based phosphate binder, has been shown to attenuate cardiovascular calcification in CKD patients, although the exact mechanism has not been clarified. This study was designed to ...
Schneider Christian A - - 2008
Patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at particularly high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This post hoc analysis from the PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events (PROactive) investigated the relationship between CKD and incident CVD in a population of patients with diabetes and documented macrovascular disease, ...
Ueda Seiji - - 2007
Decreased nitric oxide (NO) production and/or impaired NO bioavailability may occur in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and could contribute to the elevation of blood pressure, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the progression of renal injury in these patients. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms for reduced NO action in patients ...
Sharma B - - 2007
The objectives of the study were to study the incidence of various degrees of severity of thrombocytopenia in septic shock, the risk factors for its development and the correlation with clinical outcome. Complete blood counts, chemistry panel, arterial lactate, serum cortisol, APACHE II score, logistic organ dysfunction score and SOFA ...
Hovelius Lennart - - 2007
BACKGROUND: No data exist regarding mortality rate in young patients with a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation. A cohort of 255 patients aged 12-40 years had a primary anterior shoulder dislocation during the years 1978 and 1979. After 10 years, 9 of the patients had died--which is a high figure for ...
Hackam Daniel G - - 2007
Strong evidence supports the use of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelets or oral anticoagulants), statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; beta-blockers are additionally indicated in patients with coronary artery disease. The investigators sought to determine the extent to which guideline-recommended treatments and target goals are adopted in ...
Manley Harold J HJ VillageHealth Disease Management, Glenmont, NY 12077, USA. - - 2007
Screening processes to identify patients who have chronic kidney disease (CKD) early in the disease allow time to manage its comorbidities and complications effectively and aggressively. The Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP), sponsored by the National Kidney Foundation (NKF), is a free screening program that targets people who have diabetes, ...
Klok F A - - 2008
High D-dimer levels are predictors of death in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE), as are more proximally located, larger emboli. The direct link between these three has not yet been described. A cohort of 674 consecutive patients with confirmed PE was studied. Patients were followed up for 3 months. D-dimer ...
Costa-Hong Valeria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and its associated abnormalities in mineral metabolism increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and death in chronic renal failure (CRF). The effect of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on the incidence of major cardiovascular events in CRF patients with SHPT is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that PTX reduces ...
Deedwania Prakash - - 2007
The identification and treatment of high-risk patients for cardiovascular disease reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality. Significant risk factors for cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients over and above dyslipidemia, smoking, and obesity include coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, cerebrovascular/carotid artery disease, and diabetes. Treatment options for the reduction ...
Zycinska K - - 2007
The prognosis for patients with Wegener's granulomatosis has improved considerably over the last decades. The aim of the study was to assess the early death risk based on the prediction model in a population-based cohort of 60 patients with Wegener's granulomatosis. Clinical analysis has been conducted using the disease extent ...
Sim John J - - 2007
The authors sought to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) in patients with sleep apnea (SA) who had normal kidney function and in patients with SA and chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has not been determined whether there is an effect of interplay of SA and CKD on the prevalence ...
Locatelli Francesco - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of the poor long-term survival of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Anemia, which is a frequent and early complication of CKD, not only impairs patients' quality of life, but also is an independent risk factor for adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This may be due ...
Monreal Manuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The risk of future cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is often underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FRENA is an ongoing, observational registry of consecutive outpatients with symptomatic PAD, coronary artery disease (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD). We compared the incidence of major cardiovascular events (i.e., myocardial ...
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