Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1302
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Daccarett Marcos - - 2008
Bradyarrhythmias (BA) have been reported in patients with sleep apnea (SA), but the incidence of SA in patients with BA remains unclear. A case-control study was conducted to assess the prevalence of high-risk features of SA in patients with documented BA on 24-hour Holter monitoring compared with patients without BA. ...
Lee Cindy H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite the recommendation for an early invasive strategy in the treatment of patients who present with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndromes (ACS), referral for cardiac catheterization is suboptimal; the reasons why some patients are not referred remain unclear. METHODS: Patients were recruited into the prospective, observational Canadian ACS ...
Schnabel Renate - - 2008
AIMS: In primary prevention, the adipocytokine adiponectin seems to be protective against diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Data in patients with manifest coronary artery disease (CAD) are scant stimulating the investigation of the association of adiponectin concentrations and cardiovascular outcome in a prospective CAD cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 1890 ...
Mehta Rajendra H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There exist few studies that characterize contemporary clinical features and outcomes or risk factors for operative mortality in cardiogenic shock (CS) patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated data of 708,593 patients with and without CS undergoing CABG enrolled in the Society of Thoracic ...
Ligi Isabelle - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Iatrogenic events are increasingly recognised as an important problem in all people admitted to hospital. However, few epidemiological data are available for iatrogenic events in neonatal high-risk units. We aimed to assess the incidence, nature, preventability, and severity of iatrogenic events in a neonatal centre and to establish the ...
Iseki Kunitoshi - - 2008
Sleep apnea syndrome, a sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) of which obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is representative, is often associated with obesity, and therefore patients with SRBD might have a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the relationship between obesity and the prevalence of CKD has not yet ...
Rydahl Casper - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a serious disease affecting renal failure patients. It may be caused by some gadolinium (Gd)-containing contrast agents, including gadodiamide. The study aimed at estimating the prevalence of NSF after gadodiamide exposure for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study ...
McLaughlin Daniel F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion (MT) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in severely injured patients. Early and aggressive use of blood products in these patients may correct coagulopathy, control bleeding, and improve outcomes. However, rapid identification of patients at risk for MT has been difficult. We postulated that evaluation of ...
Al-Mallah Mouaz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Elevated troponin I has been associated with increased mortality in critically ill patients without acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the prognostic significance of troponin elevation in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) without evident ACS has not been studied. METHODS: Retrospective study of all patients admitted to a U.S. tertiary ...
Sabouret P - - 2008
Atherothrombosis is a systemic, diffuse disease associated with a high risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. It is the main cause of death in Western populations, a major public health concern and its prevalence will further increase in the future. To evaluate the rate of major vascular events at 1 ...
Uehara Ritei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Some Kawasaki disease (KD) patients do not respond to initial treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). The purpose of this study was to determine potential risk factors associated with IVIG nonresponse among KD patients in Japan. METHODS: Data were obtained from questionnaires used for the 18th nationwide KD survey of ...
Ptaszynski Pawel - - 2008
AIMS: We hypothesize that the neural component (NC) of the baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is a better risk stratifier for ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF) than conventional BRS itself, because it is both independent of vessel wall stiffness and can be measured non-invasively. METHODS AND RESULTS: NC was determined by correlating spontaneous carotid ...
Giamouzis Grigorios G Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2008
A high cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) is a marker of an enlarged heart and is associated with poor outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). To what extent this association is independent of other confounders is not well known. However, to study this, propensity score matching was used to design a ...
Goldenberg Ilan - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to develop a simple risk stratification score for primary therapy with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend primary ICD therapy in patients with a low ejection fraction (EF). However, the benefit of the ICD in the low EF population may not be uniform. ...
Inoue Aiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) may be associated with reduced erythrocyte production in several clinical settings; however, these effects have not been determined in diabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), a high-risk population for anemia. We conducted a retrospective study to assess the ...
Krasopoulos George - - 2008
To determine if there is a relation between aspirin "resistance" and clinical outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Electronic literature search without language restrictions of four databases and hand search of bibliographies for other relevant articles. Inclusion criteria included a test for platelet responsiveness and clinical ...
Lopez-Jimenez Francisco F Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Mayo Clinic Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA. - - 2008
The relationship of changes in weight to outcomes in patients after myocardial infarction (MI) is controversial. From the ENRICHD trial data, we assessed weight change, and the associations of baseline weight and change at follow-up with outcomes and interactions between psychosocial factors. At baseline, 73.6% of patients (n = 1706) ...
Apple Fred S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We demonstrate the performance of the bioMérieux VIDAS Troponin I Ultra assay for diagnostic accuracy for detection of myocardial infarction (MI) and risk stratification. METHOD: cTnI was measured in 545 patients from 2 clinical centers with symptoms suggestive of ACS at admission, with an additional specimen at 4-12 h ...
Reny J-L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: PFA-100 is a point-of-care assay that evaluates platelet reactivity in high-shear-stress conditions by measuring the closure time (CT) of a membrane aperture. When determined with a collagen/epinephrine cartridge (CEPI), the CT is usually prolonged by aspirin. Studies of the predictive value of a short PFA-100CT(CEPI) for ischemic events in ...
Oncul O - - 2008
We presented 23 patients with necrotizing fasciitis (NF), 15 of whom had uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM), for risk factors, clinical signs, laboratory findings and prognosis during the period 1998 and 2006 in Istanbul. A hospital incidence of NF was 14.2/100,000 admissions. Other risk factors were obesity in 9 and recent ...
Maekawa Kiyoshi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Full, as compared with partial, correction of anaemia did not reduce the mortality risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), although the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Since CKD is a high-risk population for cardiovascular disease (CVD), we tested a hypothesis that the presence of atherosclerosis affects the relationship ...
Hsiao Shih-Hung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The parameters derived by flow propagation velocity (FPV) of early-diastolic mitral inflow have been proved to be associated with cardiovascular risk. This study was undertaken to analyze the prognosis of uremic patients by FPV. METHODS: A total of 100 uremic patients were enrolled. All patients underwent conventional echocardiographic examination ...
Diabaté Souleymane - - 2008
A study of 312 untreated and 303 HAART-initiating patients to determine whether HAART is related to sexual risk taking in Côte d'Ivoire. At enrollment, unprotected sex was higher among untreated patients (P = 0.014). During follow-up, risk taking was similar (P = 0.484) as a result of an increase in ...
Nassaji-Zavareh Mohammad
<b>Background:</b> Herpes Zoster (HZ) is reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus that involves dermatomes. Aging and immunosupressed states are among the main risk factors. Some investigations showed that HZ is more common in diabetic patients than in normal population. <b> Aim:</b> To determine whether undiagnosed DM is more common in patients ...
Chen Kuan-Hsing - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) is associated with left ventricular mass, left ventricular systolic dysfunction and mortality in patients with hypertension or chronic cardiovascular disease. The clinical significance of CTR in non-diabetic maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients remains unclear. METHODS: 468 non-diabetic MHD patients were enrolled. Geographic, hematological, biochemical and dialysis-related data ...
Anselmino Matteo - - 2008
Dysglycemia is widespread among patients with coronary artery disease. It is indeed more common than normoglycemia in these patients. Coexistence of cardiovascular disease and dysglycemia presents significant health risks, and evidence suggests that both conditions should be treated early to reduce the development of complications. Guidelines recommend testing for prediabetes ...
Taskapan Hulya - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects arising from late referral to a nephrologist of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are well known. Retrospectively we examined the initial characteristics of patients referred in various stages of CKD to our nephrology division and tried to identify potential baseline factors associated with subsequent changes ...
Arioka Ichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been reported to reduce the incidence of stroke in hypertensive patients. CCBs are also commonly used to treat patients with angina pectoris (AP). However, there are very few reports on their effects on cardiovascular events, including stroke and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), ...
Matsubara Keisuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bone and mineral disorders may contribute to extraosseous ossifications and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. We have investigated the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and inflammation, wasting, CVD and mortality in ESRD patients. METHODS: BMD (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) and biochemical, nutritional and inflammatory ...
Fornal M - - 2008
Rheological properties of erythrocytes from patients with high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were analyzed in relation to individual patient risk factors as well as to the medication. Additionally, comparative statistical analysis was performed considering plasma concentration of the selected mediators of vascular endothelium: 6-keto-prostaglandin F(1alpha) (PGF(1alpha)), sVCAM-1 and E-selectin ...
MacDougall Andrea M - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease is a coronary risk equivalent; a low ankle-brachial index (ABI) is indicative of systemic vascular disease, and should place a patient in the high-risk category. Few physicians measure ABI because it is technically challenging and time consuming. Oscillometric blood pressure monitors are readily available and easy ...
Wassink Annemarie M J - - 2008
AIMS: To investigate the vascular risk associated with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) according to different clinical criteria with subsequent vascular events and all-cause mortality in patients with coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral artery disease or abdominal aortic aneurysm and to examine whether patients with MetS at treatment goals for systolic ...
Golledge J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Endothelial dysfunction assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) has been associated with cardiovascular events. There have been relatively few studies examining FMD or other measures of endothelial function in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to examine determinants of FMD in a ...
Ku┼║niar Jakub - - 2008
The risk of cardiovascular mortality is significantly heightened in chronic dialysis patients. Aortic wall stiffness, as reflected by aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Loss of the aortic wall's elasticity is accelerated in dialysis patients because of calcifying medial arteriosclerosis, an active cellular process, controlled ...
Sit Dede - - 2008
AIM: End stage renal disease (ESRD) presents with higher morbidity and mortality with respect to the general population. In recent study, the causes of mortality and associated risk factors in ESRD have been evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 1538 patients diagnosed with ESRD in 10-year period were evaluated ...
Noordzij Marlies - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies found associations between higher plasma calcium and phosphorus and mortality in dialysis patients. However, different predefined categories and reference values were applied and the precise shape of these relationships remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated 1,621 patients from NECOSAD, a prospective multicenter cohort study of incident dialysis patients ...
Röther Joachim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a global public health problem. CVD patients are at high risk of recurrent stroke and other atherothrombotic events. Prevalence of risk factors, comorbidities, utilization of secondary prevention therapies and adherence to guidelines all influence the recurrent event rate. We assessed these factors in 18,992 CVD ...
Akdag Ibrahim - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mortality resulting from cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is high. In this study we sought to investigate the clinical value of the malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis (MIA) syndrome for long-term prediction of cardiovascular mortality in patients treated with ESRD. METHODS: A total of 42 ESRD patients on hemodialysis ...
Lu Qun - - 2008
As the scope of therapeutic apheresis (TA) expands and more procedures are requested for critically ill patients, adverse reactions (AR) associated with TA become a major concern for physicians, nurses, patients and their families. To assess the risks for ARs associated with patients' underlying diseases, we developed a preprocedure assessment ...
Chiu Yen-Ling - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Taiwan has the highest incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the world, but little is known about the outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) before ESRD in Taiwan. This study investigated the rate of renal progression and predictors for ESRD and death in a prospective cohort ...
Maroo Bijesh P - - 2008
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality in elderly patients. While coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality have decreased over the last 25 years, the percentage reduction in elderly patients is nearly 50% lower than that for the general adult population. Therefore, aggressive primary and secondary prevention of ...
Sukiennik Adam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare risk predicted using available risk scores and actual outcomes in patients with left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI LM). METHODS: We studied 204 patients treated with elective or emergent coronary angioplasty. We estimated in-hospital ...
Nassaji-Zavareh Mohammad - - 2008
Herpes Zoster (HZ) is reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus that involves dermatomes. Aging and immunosupressed states are among the main risk factors. Some investigations showed that HZ is more common in diabetic patients than in normal population. To determine whether undiagnosed DM is more common in patients with HZ than ...
Cubbon Richard M - - 2008
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is associated with adverse cardiovascular prognosis. However, the risk associated with DM may vary between individuals according to their overall cardiovascular risk burden. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether DM is associated with poor outcome in patients presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) according to the index ...
Ferguson Angela D - - 2008
Antiplatelet resistance has been proposed as a possible mechanism to explain recurrent cardiovascular events in patients who have coronary artery disease and who are undergoing dual antiplatelet therapy. A comprehensive search on PubMed was conducted for literature that was printed in the English language between January 1996 and November 2007 ...
Böhm Michael - - 2008
Current best practice to reduce cardiovascular disease involves evaluating patients' global cardiovascular risk profiles and devising treatment strategies accordingly. Despite the proven efficacy of this approach, very few physicians are adequately assessing risk, and consequently patients are failing to achieve desired treatment targets. Modifying lifestyle factors, such as diet, exercise, ...
Otto-Buczkowska Ewa E Upper Silesia Mother and Child Health Centre, Katowice. - - 2008
For many years chronic complications of diabetes in adolescent patients were linked mainly to microangiopathy. New, more and more accurate, diagnostic methods, making noninvasive diagnosis of very early lesions in the vascular wall possible, allowed to find out that microangiopathic lesions may be present even in very young patients. Maintenance ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to estimate the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among bipolar disorder patients during a 6-year follow-up after acute mood episodes. The risk is compared with that of a cohort of patients who underwent appendectomy operations during the same period. METHODS: We used ...
Stefanescu Ada - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are no studies yet on the usefulness of myeloperoxidase (MPO) as a prognostic tool in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study included 382 patients with clinical and angiographic confirmation of stable CAD. Blood samples for MPO measurement were taken before angiography. Myeloperoxidase was determined ...
Jiménez D - - 2008
The assessment of risk and appropriate treatment of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a challenge. The prognostic performance of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in predicting 30-day all-cause mortality was prospectively assessed in consecutive haemodynamically stable patients with PE. The present study included 318 haemodynamically stable patients with PE. ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >