Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1270
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Golledge J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Endothelial dysfunction assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) has been associated with cardiovascular events. There have been relatively few studies examining FMD or other measures of endothelial function in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The aim of this study was to examine determinants of FMD in a ...
Ku┼║niar Jakub - - 2008
The risk of cardiovascular mortality is significantly heightened in chronic dialysis patients. Aortic wall stiffness, as reflected by aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV), is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Loss of the aortic wall's elasticity is accelerated in dialysis patients because of calcifying medial arteriosclerosis, an active cellular process, controlled ...
Sit Dede - - 2008
AIM: End stage renal disease (ESRD) presents with higher morbidity and mortality with respect to the general population. In recent study, the causes of mortality and associated risk factors in ESRD have been evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 1538 patients diagnosed with ESRD in 10-year period were evaluated ...
Noordzij Marlies - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies found associations between higher plasma calcium and phosphorus and mortality in dialysis patients. However, different predefined categories and reference values were applied and the precise shape of these relationships remains unclear. METHODS: We evaluated 1,621 patients from NECOSAD, a prospective multicenter cohort study of incident dialysis patients ...
Röther Joachim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is a global public health problem. CVD patients are at high risk of recurrent stroke and other atherothrombotic events. Prevalence of risk factors, comorbidities, utilization of secondary prevention therapies and adherence to guidelines all influence the recurrent event rate. We assessed these factors in 18,992 CVD ...
Akdag Ibrahim - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIM: Mortality resulting from cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is high. In this study we sought to investigate the clinical value of the malnutrition-inflammation-atherosclerosis (MIA) syndrome for long-term prediction of cardiovascular mortality in patients treated with ESRD. METHODS: A total of 42 ESRD patients on hemodialysis ...
Lu Qun - - 2008
As the scope of therapeutic apheresis (TA) expands and more procedures are requested for critically ill patients, adverse reactions (AR) associated with TA become a major concern for physicians, nurses, patients and their families. To assess the risks for ARs associated with patients' underlying diseases, we developed a preprocedure assessment ...
Chiu Yen-Ling - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Taiwan has the highest incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the world, but little is known about the outcomes of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) before ESRD in Taiwan. This study investigated the rate of renal progression and predictors for ESRD and death in a prospective cohort ...
Maroo Bijesh P - - 2008
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of mortality in elderly patients. While coronary heart disease (CHD) morbidity and mortality have decreased over the last 25 years, the percentage reduction in elderly patients is nearly 50% lower than that for the general adult population. Therefore, aggressive primary and secondary prevention of ...
Sukiennik Adam - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare risk predicted using available risk scores and actual outcomes in patients with left main coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation (PCI LM). METHODS: We studied 204 patients treated with elective or emergent coronary angioplasty. We estimated in-hospital ...
Nassaji-Zavareh Mohammad - - 2008
Herpes Zoster (HZ) is reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus that involves dermatomes. Aging and immunosupressed states are among the main risk factors. Some investigations showed that HZ is more common in diabetic patients than in normal population. To determine whether undiagnosed DM is more common in patients with HZ than ...
Cubbon Richard M - - 2008
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is associated with adverse cardiovascular prognosis. However, the risk associated with DM may vary between individuals according to their overall cardiovascular risk burden. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether DM is associated with poor outcome in patients presenting with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) according to the index ...
Ferguson Angela D - - 2008
Antiplatelet resistance has been proposed as a possible mechanism to explain recurrent cardiovascular events in patients who have coronary artery disease and who are undergoing dual antiplatelet therapy. A comprehensive search on PubMed was conducted for literature that was printed in the English language between January 1996 and November 2007 ...
Böhm Michael - - 2008
Current best practice to reduce cardiovascular disease involves evaluating patients' global cardiovascular risk profiles and devising treatment strategies accordingly. Despite the proven efficacy of this approach, very few physicians are adequately assessing risk, and consequently patients are failing to achieve desired treatment targets. Modifying lifestyle factors, such as diet, exercise, ...
Otto-Buczkowska Ewa E Upper Silesia Mother and Child Health Centre, Katowice. - - 2008
For many years chronic complications of diabetes in adolescent patients were linked mainly to microangiopathy. New, more and more accurate, diagnostic methods, making noninvasive diagnosis of very early lesions in the vascular wall possible, allowed to find out that microangiopathic lesions may be present even in very young patients. Maintenance ...
Lin Herng-Ching - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to estimate the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among bipolar disorder patients during a 6-year follow-up after acute mood episodes. The risk is compared with that of a cohort of patients who underwent appendectomy operations during the same period. METHODS: We used ...
Stefanescu Ada - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There are no studies yet on the usefulness of myeloperoxidase (MPO) as a prognostic tool in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study included 382 patients with clinical and angiographic confirmation of stable CAD. Blood samples for MPO measurement were taken before angiography. Myeloperoxidase was determined ...
Jiménez D - - 2008
The assessment of risk and appropriate treatment of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a challenge. The prognostic performance of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in predicting 30-day all-cause mortality was prospectively assessed in consecutive haemodynamically stable patients with PE. The present study included 318 haemodynamically stable patients with PE. ...
Oppert Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sound data about the prevalence of acute renal failure (ARF) among patients with severe sepsis and septic shock are lacking. Further, it is not known whether ARF is an independent risk factor for mortality in septic patients or merely an indicator of disease severity. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional one-day ...
Caglar Kayser - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vascular calcification and endothelial dysfunction contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Sevelamer, a non-calcium-based phosphate binder, has been shown to attenuate cardiovascular calcification in CKD patients, although the exact mechanism has not been clarified. This study was designed to ...
Schneider Christian A - - 2008
Patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at particularly high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This post hoc analysis from the PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events (PROactive) investigated the relationship between CKD and incident CVD in a population of patients with diabetes and documented macrovascular disease, ...
Ueda Seiji - - 2007
Decreased nitric oxide (NO) production and/or impaired NO bioavailability may occur in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and could contribute to the elevation of blood pressure, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the progression of renal injury in these patients. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms for reduced NO action in patients ...
Manley Harold J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Screening processes to identify patients who have chronic kidney disease (CKD) early in the disease allow time to manage its comorbidities and complications effectively and aggressively. The Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP), sponsored by the National Kidney Foundation (NKF), is a free screening program that targets people who have ...
Sharma B - - 2007
The objectives of the study were to study the incidence of various degrees of severity of thrombocytopenia in septic shock, the risk factors for its development and the correlation with clinical outcome. Complete blood counts, chemistry panel, arterial lactate, serum cortisol, APACHE II score, logistic organ dysfunction score and SOFA ...
Hovelius Lennart - - 2007
BACKGROUND: No data exist regarding mortality rate in young patients with a first-time anterior shoulder dislocation. A cohort of 255 patients aged 12-40 years had a primary anterior shoulder dislocation during the years 1978 and 1979. After 10 years, 9 of the patients had died--which is a high figure for ...
Hackam Daniel G - - 2007
Strong evidence supports the use of antithrombotic agents (antiplatelets or oral anticoagulants), statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; beta-blockers are additionally indicated in patients with coronary artery disease. The investigators sought to determine the extent to which guideline-recommended treatments and target goals are adopted in ...
Klok F A - - 2008
High D-dimer levels are predictors of death in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE), as are more proximally located, larger emboli. The direct link between these three has not yet been described. A cohort of 674 consecutive patients with confirmed PE was studied. Patients were followed up for 3 months. D-dimer ...
Costa-Hong Valeria - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) and its associated abnormalities in mineral metabolism increase the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and death in chronic renal failure (CRF). The effect of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on the incidence of major cardiovascular events in CRF patients with SHPT is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that PTX reduces ...
Deedwania Prakash - - 2007
The identification and treatment of high-risk patients for cardiovascular disease reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality. Significant risk factors for cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients over and above dyslipidemia, smoking, and obesity include coronary heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, cerebrovascular/carotid artery disease, and diabetes. Treatment options for the reduction ...
Zycinska K - - 2007
The prognosis for patients with Wegener's granulomatosis has improved considerably over the last decades. The aim of the study was to assess the early death risk based on the prediction model in a population-based cohort of 60 patients with Wegener's granulomatosis. Clinical analysis has been conducted using the disease extent ...
Sim John J - - 2007
The authors sought to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension (HTN) in patients with sleep apnea (SA) who had normal kidney function and in patients with SA and chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has not been determined whether there is an effect of interplay of SA and CKD on the prevalence ...
Locatelli Francesco - - 2007
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of the poor long-term survival of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Anemia, which is a frequent and early complication of CKD, not only impairs patients' quality of life, but also is an independent risk factor for adverse cardiovascular outcomes. This may be due ...
Monreal Manuel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The risk of future cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is often underestimated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FRENA is an ongoing, observational registry of consecutive outpatients with symptomatic PAD, coronary artery disease (CAD) or cerebrovascular disease (CVD). We compared the incidence of major cardiovascular events (i.e., myocardial ...
Vanzetto G - - 2007
AIM: To assess the prognostic impact of a therapeutic program based on bioclinical risk-stratification and myocardial-perfusion-imaging (MPI) data on survival and the occurrence of coronary events (CE=death+myocardial infarction) in asymptomatic patients with diabetes. METHOD: Five hundred twenty one consecutive asymptomatic diabetic outpatients were prospectively enrolled and clinically classified as being ...
Astrup A S - - 2007
AIM: Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) has been implicated in the aetiology of acute coronary syndromes and carotid and peripheral artherosclerosis. Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated the prognostic value of PAPP-A in a large cohort of Type 1 diabetic patients. METHODS: In a prospective observational ...
Baggish A L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Risk stratification for patients with acute dyspnoea is a challenging task. No quantitative tool for mortality prediction among patients with acute dyspnoea is available. METHODS: 595 dyspnoeic subjects were enrolled in an emergency department. Clinical and biochemical factors independently predictive of death by 1 year were used to develop ...
Ravani P - - 2008
Urotensin II (UTN), a cyclic vasoactive peptide expressed in multiple organs, had higher plasma levels that was previously shown to predict longer survival in dialysis patients. We sought to determine if this association exists in earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) by studying a cohort of 122 incident clinically ...
Metso Saara - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that hyperthyroid patients remain at increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity after restoring euthyroidism. The aim of this study was to compare the rate and causes of hospitalization of hyperthyroid patients treated with radioactive iodine (RAI) with those of an age- and gender-matched reference population in a ...
Gasse C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We compared the use of secondary prevention among patients with a first-time hospitalisation for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower limb with that among patients with a first-time hospitalisation for myocardial infarction (MI). DESIGN AND MATERIALS: Population-based follow-up study between 1997 and 2003 using registry data from the ...
Malatino L S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: E-selectin is a key adhesion molecule which plays a fundamental role in endothelial progenitor cell-dependent reparative mechanisms in experimental ischaemia and it serves to anchor leucocytes to the endothelium in inflammatory processes. Inflammation is one of the strongest risk factors for death and cardiovascular (CV) events in end-stage renal ...
Todd Derrick J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a rapidly progressive, debilitating condition that causes cutaneous and visceral fibrosis in patients with renal failure. Little is known about its prevalence or etiology. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of NSF and associated risk factors METHODS: Two cohorts of ...
Berger Massimo - - 2007
This study was aimed at ascertaining whether extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is an effective treatment for pediatric patients with steroid resistant graft versus host disease (GvHD). Fifteen patients with acute GvHD (aGvHD) and 10 patients with chronic GvHD (cGvHD) were enrolled in the study. At the start of the ECP protocol, ...
Uretsky Seth - - 2007
PURPOSE: An obesity paradox, a "paradoxical" decrease in morbidity and mortality with increasing body mass index (BMI), has been shown in patients with heart failure and those undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, whether this phenomenon exists in patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease is not known. METHODS: A total ...
Pasqualini L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with renal insufficiency tend to suffer from advanced atherosclerosis and exhibit a reduced life expectancy. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: This prospective study investigated the relation between renal dysfunction and long-term all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in a population of nonsurgical patients with lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Censori B - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess if high total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels are a risk factor for severe leukoaraiosis (LA). This case-control study was done in a primary care neurology ward and included 178 consecutive patients. Patients with severe LA at CT scan were compared with patients ...
Vis Marije M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS). Despite PCI, mortality in CS is still approximately 50%. Admission glucose concentration is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with STEMI and is associated with the occurrence of ...
O'Hare Ann M - - 2007
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common among the elderly. However, little is known about how the clinical implications of CKD vary with age. We examined the age-specific incidence of death, treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among 209,622 US veterans with CKD stages ...
Bogazzi Fausto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Data on coronary heart disease (CHD) are scanty and matter of argument in acromegalic patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate risk factors for development of CHD and the occurrence of cardiac events in acromegalic patients during a 5-yr prospective study. DESIGN: Ten-year likelihood for CHD ...
Chang David C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Acceptable short-term mortality rates for elderly patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are reported in the literature. However, rather than death, older patients considering CABG are generally most concerned about a postoperative loss of functional independence. To address this concern, we describe an index that predicts a patient's ...
Gasior Mariusz - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus in patients with myocardial infarction affects in-hospital and late mortality. It has been shown that the glucose level on admission can also affect prognosis. This conclusion was based on an analysis performed on a heterogeneous group of patients, treated not only with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) but ...
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