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Results 301 - 350 of 1000
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Ogbonnaya, Chimdia E; Department ...
Objective: To determine the magnitude and pattern of ocular disorders and blindness among leprosy patients, presenting at three leprosy clinics in South —Eastern Nigeria. Methodology: All the in- patients, as well as the out- patients that presented to the 3 leprosy clinics during the 2- month period of the study ...
Kato Kumiko - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To establish the views of urologists on the use of anticholinergic drugs for treating the overactive bladder (OAB) in patients with glaucoma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In February 2004 a self-description questionnaire was mailed to all 417 urologists who were members of the Tokai Society of Voiding Dysfunction, to determine ...
Takano Y - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory cells infiltrating to the tarsal conjunctiva are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of corneal lesions in severe allergic conjunctival diseases. The relation between such cells and the severity of corneal lesions was studied. METHODS: Six patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) were enrolled in this study. Tarsal ...
Linder Roland - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the spondyloarthritides in patients with uveitis and to establish criteria for certain subtypes of this group of diseases. METHODS: In a university-based prospective study, we examined 433 patients with different types of uveitis for signs of spondyloarthritides as defined by the classification criteria of ...
Collins Joseph F - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects that vitreous presentation (VP) during extracapsular cataract surgery has on patients' 1-year postoperative vision. DESIGN: The study was a prospective, long-term, clinical trial. METHODS: The study took place at 19 Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers. Patients having VP ...
Tan C S H - - 2004
To describe the epidemiology of Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) among patients in an Asian tertiary ophthalmic centre and to describe the characteristics of the hallucinations experienced. 1077 consecutive patients aged 50 years and above were asked a standardised question to determine if they had ever experienced formed visual hallucinations. All ...
Al-Shahwan Sami - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bleb related inflammation following trabeculectomy is usually seen in the late post operative period and is unusual in the first 6 months after surgery We report the clinical findings and course of two patients with early bleb related inflammation secondary to retained cellulose sponge fragments used to apply mitomycin ...
Ozdemir Murat - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Ocular surface changes, mainly squamous metaplasia of the conjunctival epithelium and corneoconjunctival calcification of unknown etiology, may develop in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. An association between squamous metaplasia and corneoconjunctival calcification has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between ocular ...
Tokunaga Takaharu - - 2004
PURPOSE: To assess prospectively the relationship between nocturnal blood pressure reduction (dip) and progression of the visual field defect in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) or primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects studied were 38 patients with glaucoma (23 patients with NTG, 15 patients with POAG), in ...
Yamanaka E - - 2004
To determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of retinal arterial macroaneurysms in patients with uveitis. A retrospective review of the clinical, photographic, and angiographic records of 1007 patients with uveitis, examined at the Osaka University Hospital uveitis clinic between January 1995 and April 2002, was performed. All of the records ...
Zein Ghassan - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To describe the clinical characteristics and course of 16 patients with uveitis associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: The records of 1254 patients with uveitis were reviewed. Sixteen of these patients had MS. The history, review of systems, ocular findings, and clinical test results of each of these 16 ...
Park William L - - 2004
PURPOSE: To describe the use of red contact lenses to alleviate photophobia in patients with cone disorders. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with achromatopsia or an acquired cone disorder with complaints of severe photophobia were fit with absorptive red soft contact lenses to alleviate photophobia and improve ...
Monnet Dominique - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To analyze ocular and extraocular manifestations in patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis. DESIGN: Large, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seventy-five consecutive patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis seen in a single center between January 1996 and March 2001. METHODS: Features of uveitis were noted and patients were referred systematically to rheumatologists. ...
Foster Robert E - - 2004
PURPOSE: Ocular side effects attributable to intravenous fluorescein dye are not well characterized. The purpose of this report was to describe three patients with an unusual ocular reaction after the intravenous administration of fluorescein dye. METHODS: Retrospective review of the clinical and photographic records of three patients. RESULTS: Each patient ...
Grødum Kirsti - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare mortality rates in glaucoma patients and matched controls from a large population screening as well as glaucoma patients diagnosed through routine clinical examination (self-selected patients). METHODS: A population-based screening of 32,918 elderly citizens of Malmö was conducted between 1992 and 1997. Individuals with newly detected, previously untreated ...
Wang Gloria - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) levels in patients diagnosed with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and normal subjects. DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: This study involved 55 POAG patients, 16 patients with secondary open-angle glaucoma or angle-closure glaucoma (non-POAG group), and 39 control healthy subjects undergoing ocular surgery. All glaucoma ...
Fernández-Melón Julia - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency and pattern of presentation of uveitis as the first clinical manifestation to prompt diagnostic evaluation in patients with spondyloarthropathies (SpA). METHODS: Patients with uveitis were attended simultaneously by ophthalmologists and rheumatologists in our Uveitis Clinic between June 1997 and October 2000. An established clinical protocol ...
Edrington Timothy B - - 2004
PURPOSE: To identify factors associated with rigid contact lens comfort in keratoconus. METHODS: Baseline data from the 16 Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Keratoconus (CLEK) Study clinical sites were analyzed for all patients wearing a rigid contact lens in their more severely keratoconic eye (as determined by steep keratometry). Corneal transplant ...
Androudi Sofia - - 2004
We describe a patient with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) who developed bilateral chronic anterior uveitis and neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations 20 years after the onset of asthma and sinus disease. The patient was treated successfully with a combination of cyclophosphamide and prednisone, after other immunomodulatory strategies, aside from systemic prednisone, had failed.
Danesh-Meyer Helen V - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of Proview pressure phosphene tonometry (PPPT) performed by the patient and an examiner with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT). METHODS: A comparative case series of 96 (192 eyes) consecutive patients from a glaucoma clinic was conducted. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured with GAT by one examiner, ...
Moilanen Jukka A O - - 2004
PURPOSE: To examine the inflammatory reaction in acute or late-onset post-laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) associated with an epithelial defect. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. METHODS: Six consecutive LASIK patients presented with stage 2 to 3 unilateral DLK 1 to 4 ...
Tekeli O - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare the optic disc topography of patients with ocular Behçet's disease (BD) with age-matched controls, using Heidelberg retina tomograph (HRT). METHODS: This study included 32 patients (51 eyes) with ocular BD (active and/or inactive), 38 patients (74 eyes) with nonocular BD, and 62 normal subjects (62 eyes). All ...
Godts Daisy - - 2004
PURPOSE: To illustrate the need for an accurate preoperative orthoptic examination to prevent postoperative changes in binocular vision. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium. METHODS: Five patients presenting major subjective complaints after refractive surgery were analyzed. RESULTS: In 1 patient, a latent N IV palsy decompensated after ...
Kötter Ina - - 2004
To evaluate the relationship between ethnic origin and manifestations of Behçet's disease (BD) in patients of German and Turkish origin living in Germany. Between 1995 and 2000, 32 patients of German and 33 patients of Turkish origin living in Germany were evaluated for the entire spectrum of disease manifestations, disease ...
Pott J W R - - 2004
AIM: To describe the development and treatment of V-pattern and bilateral over-elevation in adduction in patients with cyclic esotropia. METHODS: Three patients with cyclic esotropia are described in retrospect. All patients underwent bilateral medial recession, while one patient additionally had a weakening procedure of both inferior oblique muscles. RESULTS: All ...
Sonoda Shozo - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report two independent Japanese patients with keratitis, ichthyosis, and deafness (KID) syndrome and severe corneal disorder. DESIGN: Observational case reports. METHODS: Clinical observation of a 5-year-old boy (Patient 1) and a 64-year-old man (Patient 2) with KID syndrome, presenting prominent corneal diseases. Molecular genetic assessment of the GJB2 ...
Ferreira Sandra M - - 2004
PURPOSE: Oxidative stress and antioxidant status in eye tissues may be associated with glaucomatous damage. The aim of this study was to establish the antioxidant status of aqueous humor of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. For this purpose the authors measured the total reactive antioxidant potential (TRAP) and the activities ...
Cahane M - - 2004
To evaluate vancomycin penetration into human corneal stromal tissue in patients treated with topical vancomycin eyedrops before penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Twenty four patients who underwent PKP, seven patients with keratoconus (group 1) and 17 patients with corneal scar or corneal decompensation (group 2). All patients received topical application of vancomycin ...
Robert-Gangneux F - - 2004
Toxoplasmosis is a frequent cause of retinochoroiditis. Although the diagnosis relies mainly on ophthalmological examination, biological approaches are particularly useful in patients with atypical lesions. In a prospective study to determine the value of immunoblotting and immune load calculation in the diagnosis of active toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis, aqueous humor samples from ...
Till Jonathan Stanwood - - 2003
Two patients with active iritis developed cataracts and had successful cataract surgery with implantation of a Collamer (Staar Surgical, AG) intraocular lens (IOL). Both patients developed severe bilateral uveitis, which in 1 patient was refractory to control. Different IOL materials have been used in iritis patients with varying degrees of ...
Rohatgi Jolly - - 2003
PURPOSE: To study the prevalence, manifestations and severity of ocular involvement in Indian patients with Behcet's disease. METHOD: Prospective analysis of all patients of suspected Behcet's disease between 1997 and 2001. RESULTS: A total of 19 patients were diagnosed to have Behcet's disease. Ocular manifestations were seen in 36% patients. ...
Lustig Marc J - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes current patterns in the use of immunosuppressive agents in patients with uveitis. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of immunosuppressive agents are currently available for the treatment of uveitis. Reports of safety and efficacy, although numerous, have been largely nonrandomized and performed without controls, limiting, to ...
Galassi Fernando - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of optic nerve circulation, using color Doppler imaging (CDI), on the progression of visual field damage in primary open-angle glaucoma. METHODS: The relationship between the results of retrobulbar CDI, performed shortly after the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma, and the progression of visual field loss ...
Tugal-Tutkun Ilknur - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the demographic and clinical features, complications, treatment, and visual results in patients with childhood-onset Behçet uveitis. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: A retrospective study was made of 36 consecutive patients with Behçet disease seen at the Uveitis Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, ...
Joachim S C - - 2003
PURPOSE: Glaucoma is the second cause of blindness worldwide. It is usually considered a neurodegenerative disease. There is evidence that an autoimmune mechanism is involved in the development of glaucoma in some patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the IgG autoantibody repertoires in sera of glaucoma patients ...
Maust Heather A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical features, clinical course, and response to therapy of an atypical peripheral corneal opacification. METHODS: Retrospective case series review. RESULTS: Six patients are described with similar findings of bilateral, fairly symmetric, peripheral, hypertrophic, subepithelial corneal opacification. All patients were female and had no concurrent systemic conditions. ...
Medeiros Felipe A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that some patients currently diagnosed with ocular hypertension (OHT) may have thicker than average corneas that result in an overestimation of their true intraocular pressure. Consequently, patients with OHT with greater corneal thickness may be at a lower risk for functional glaucomatous damage, including visual ...
Ritch Robert R Department of Ophthalmology, the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, 310 East 14th Street, New York, NY 10003, - - 2003
Angle-closure glaucoma is rare in children and young adults; only scattered cases associated with specific clinical entities have been reported. We evaluated the findings in patients aged 40 or younger with angle closure in our database. Retrospective noncomparative case series. Our database was searched for patients aged 40 years or ...
Dawson E L - - 2003
A retrospective review was carried out of 204 patients with blepharophimosis, (blepharo) ptosis and epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES). Of these, 94 (46%) had an autosomal dominant family history of BPES. Forty (20%) had manifest strabismus. Of these, 28 (70%) had esotropia, 10 (25%) had exotropia and 2 (5%) had hypertropia. ...
Lemp Michael A - - 2003
Contact lenses should be used with caution in patients who have an ocular allergy. Patients who have seasonal allergy should avoid contact lens use during seasonal flare-ups. The need for clean lenses with minimal deposit buildup must be stressed, and the use of daily wear lenses with rigid disinfecting and ...
Biswas Jyotirmay - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report a series of nine patients of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) with diverse ocular and systemic manifestations. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of nine consecutive patients seen between 1987 and 2002. RESULTS: The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 43.89 years (range: 33-56 years). Redness, pain and photophobia (8 ...
Bühren Jens - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report clinical and confocal microscopy characteristics of haze-like opacities in corneas after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. METHODS: Eighteen eyes of 11 patients with clinically apparent corneal clouding were examined by slitlamp and confocal microscopy (Confoscan P4, ...
Cooper Blake A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To study the possible association between clear corneal incision with or without placement of a suture during cataract extraction and postoperative endophthalmitis. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, case-controlled study. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients treated for culture-positive, acute post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis, and 371 randomly selected control patients who underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery in ...
Fathilah J - - 2003
A patient with ocular syphilis is presented. She experienced deterioration in vision following the commencement of treatment due to a Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction. This is a transient febrile illness that can occur in patients after the first adequate dose of an anti-microbial drug to treat infectious diseases such as syphilis, Lyme ...
Kim Nam Ju - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of an acrylic foldable posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) on the rate of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in patients with associated risk factors. SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. METHODS: The medical records of 570 patients who had phacoemulsification and foldable ...
Gupta Pankaj C - - 2003
The purpose of this article was to study the prevalence of strabismus and astigmatism in children with nonsyndromic plagiocephaly. Children with deformational plagiocephaly do not have an increased prevalence of strabismus compared with the general population but do have an increased prevalence of astigmatism, whereas children with nonsyndromic craniosynostotic plagiocephaly ...
de Boer J - - 2003
To investigate the manifestations and severity of uveitis in children and to identify the risk and specific causes of blindness in this population. Retrospective study of data of 123 consecutive patients examined with active uveitis and the onset of ocular disease before the age of 16 years. Numerous variables were ...
Izzotti Alberto - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of glaucoma, the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Some investigators have hypothesized that oxidative damage may be involved. We evaluated oxidative deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage, in terms of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), in the eyes of glaucoma patients. METHODS: ...
Lee Dave H - - 2003
We studied the prevalence and characteristics of chronic uveitis in a population of children diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). Uveitis is one of the most important, potentially debilitating extra-articular manifestations of JRA and has been observed in as many as 20% of cases. The medical records of 230 patients ...
Greiner K H - - 2003
PURPOSE: Human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class II influences the immunological susceptibility for a variety of diseases including many types of non-infectious intraocular inflammation. Previous studies on North American patients with pars planitis, a subtype of intermediate uveitis, reported an increased prevalence of HLA DR15 in this population. In contrast, two ...
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