Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1000
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Mastropasqua Leonardo - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the microscopic corneal and conjunctival findings in patients with Fabry disease (FD) related keratopathy by using in vivo confocal microscopy. DESIGN: Prospective observational case series. METHODS: Twelve eyes of six patients affected by Fabry disease, belonging to two different families, underwent in vivo confocal microscopic examination. Corneal ...
Melka Fikru - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic and clinical profiles glaucoma and evaluate the magnitude of blindness among patients with glaucoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cases with glaucoma that were seen at Menelik II hospital Addis Ababa between May 10, 1994 and May 9, 1997 were reviewed Data on relevant demographic and clinical ...
Zoric L - - 2006
PURPOSE: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES) seems to be a systemic condition. However, to an ophthalmologist it represents a continual challenge, due to unclear etiology and patho-genesis, and because of a potential for development of an aggressive glaucoma, and cataract surgery complications. According to some findings, PES could be a factor of ...
Grünberger B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent results have implicated Chlamydia, especially Chlamydia psittaci, in the development of ocular adnexal lymphoma in the large majority of patients. We present our experience with ex-juvantibus antibiotic treatment in patients diagnosed with MALT lymphoma of the ocular adnexa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis identified a total of ...
Novak-Laus Katia - - 2006
The primary open-angle glaucomas are a group of diseases that have in common characteristic morphological changes at the optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer, progressive retinal ganglion cells death and characteristic visual field loss. The risk for primary open angle glaucoma rises continuously with the level of the ...
Khairallah M - - 2007
AIM: To analyse the pattern of uveitis in a referral centre in Tunisia, North Africa. METHODS: The study included 472 patients with uveitis examined at the Department of Ophthalmology of Monastir (Tunisia) from January 1992 to August 2003. All patients had a comprehensive ocular and systemic history, including an extensive ...
Hara Takeshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To characterize diurnal intraocular pressure (IOP) changes in primary open-angle glaucoma by reproducing IOPs based on patient posture. METHODS: In 148 patients with untreated primary open-angle glaucoma who had IOPs recorded during clinic hours that were less than 21 mm Hg (average, 14.8 +/- 3.2 mm Hg), we measured ...
Barkana Yaniv - - 2006
PURPOSE: Patients with angle-closure glaucoma and high myopia are uncommon. We evaluated the clinical characteristics of all patients with angle closure and high myopia in our database and propose possible mechanisms for angle closure in these atypical patients. DESIGN: Retrospective noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Our database of 17938 patients was ...
Inagaki Yoko - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether genetic polymorphisms affecting high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated antioxidant enzymes were associated with open-angle glaucoma (OAG). The rationale for this study was that the modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) by HDL prevents oxidative modification which can then cause dysfunction of endothelial cells. ...
Mabuchi Fumihiko - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess whether or not the c.677C/T and c.1298A/C genetic polymorphisms of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene are associated with open angle glaucoma (OAG). METHODS: Genomic DNA was examined in a cohort of 131 Japanese patients with normal tension glaucoma (NTG), 133 patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), ...
Punja Karim G - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of bioresorbable mesh in reconstruction of orbitocranial deformities. METHODS: A retrospective case series evaluating 6 orbits of 6 patients, ages 12 to 70 years old, with large multicontoured orbitocranial defects that were repaired using bioresorbable macroporous mesh. Both functional (presence of diplopia, ocular motility, exophthalmometry, ...
Raymaekers A - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and characteristics of uveitis in a cohort of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) as well as the nature of treatment and the risk factors for visual loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 52 patients with JIA, screened for uveitis between 1995 and 2005. ...
Bhatia R P - - 2006
Malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in lens and plasma of patients with age-related and myopic cataract were assessed. Higher levels of lens MDA in myopic patients showed a greater lipid peroxidation process than in patients with age-related cataract indicating higher oxidative stress in myopic lens. The difference in plasma ...
Niederer Rachael - - 2006
AIMS: To establish rates of HLAB27-positive uveitis and ankylosing spondylitis in a New Zealand population and to examine characteristics of patients with ankylosing spondylitis that present with uveitis. METHODS: A retrospective audit of 124 consecutive patients presenting to the Acute Eye Clinic at Auckland City Hospital with a diagnosis of ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2006
We describe pronounced hypotension in a patient during orthostatic testing while receiving treatment with sildenafil and tamsulosin, but not with placebo. The patient was 71 years of age and had no history of orthostatic reactions. He had been diagnosed with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and glaucoma simplex (open-angle glaucoma). The ...
Atalar Pinar Tuna - - 2006
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) is the most common clinical precursor of open-angle glaucoma. Recent studies have shown that pseudoexfoliative material is widely distributed throughout the body, including blood vessels. The aim of our study was to evaluate endothelial function in the brachial artery of patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome. We prospectively examined ...
McCulley James P - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the impact of evaporation on preocular aqueous tear (AT) loss in normal subjects (controls) and patients with keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). METHODS: Eighteen patients (32 eyes) with KCS with or without associated meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and 11 sex-matched controls had AT evaporation determined between relative humidity (RH) ...
Yurdakul Nazife Sefi - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine the distribution of refractive errors and clinical characteristics of strabismus in patients with Down syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with Down syndrome attending the Izmir Association for Supporting Patients With Down Syndrome in Izmir, Turkey, were screened for strabismus and refractive errors. All patients underwent a complete ...
Gupta Navneet - - 2006
PURPOSE: To explore patient demographics and motivations in choosing refractive surgery (RS) or contact lenses (CL) and factors influencing their choice of practice. METHODS: A questionnaire was presented to 212 RS and 115 CL patients at four RS centres and three CL centres, respectively. The authors, with consent from the ...
Kumar Nikhil L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To determine the diagnoses causing patients to present to a dedicated ophthalmic emergency department. To detect associations with patient demographics. METHODS: A retrospective review of all presentations to the Sydney Eye Hospital Emergency Department between 08:00 and 17:00 hours from 1 January to 31 December 2001 was conducted. Data ...
Carrasco M A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine the characteristics of patients with anterior scleritis at a tertiary care eye center and determine which factors in these patients were associated with the need for systemic immunosuppressive therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study. Fifty patients with anterior scleritis presenting to the Cornea Service at Wills Eye ...
Stewart Jay M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To describe the prevalence, clinical features, and causes of vision loss among patients with ocular toxocariasis seen at a uveitis referral center. METHODS: A review was completed of the charts of patients with ocular toxocariasis who were examined between 1977 and 1996 at the Francis I. Proctor Foundation of ...
Tugal-Tutkun Ilknur - - 2005
BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical characteristics of active ocular toxoplasmosis in a large population of Turkish patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of 109 consecutive patients with active ocular toxoplasmosis seen at the Department of Ophthalmology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, from 1995 to 2005. RESULTS: Fifty-seven patients were female and 52 ...
Hunt Michael G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Monofixation syndrome is characterized by small-angle strabismus with vergence fusional amplitudes and "peripheral fusion." Although it is thought to be a relatively stable condition, some patients with this syndrome deteriorate, resulting in an increasing heterotropia, sometimes associated with diplopia. Deteriorated monofixation syndrome is well known among clinicians; however, there ...
Stifter Eva - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether preoperative reading tests can be used for differentiating visual impairments with regard to the diagnosis of cataract and age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). SETTING: Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. METHODS: Reading performance of patients with nuclear cataract, posterior subcapsular cataract, and ARMD were ...
Savino Gustavo - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acute acquired concomitant esotropia is a rare form of strabismus that usually presents during infancy or early childhood with diplopia and minimal refractive error. The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to the prism adaptation test in a group of normosensorial patients with acute ...
Walton David S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Newborn primary congenital glaucoma is an unusual and important subtype of primary congenital glaucoma. Affected patients typically manifest specific signs that facilitate its recognition at birth and become important in the assessment and determination of appropriate treatment for this severe expression of primary congenital glaucoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Onakoya, AO; Guinness Eye ...
Objective: To study the pattern of normal intraocular pressure (IOP) in Lagos, Nigeria. <B>Study Design: Prospective non-randomized uncontrolled hospital-based study. <BR>Methodology: Consecutive new patients coming into three different eye clinics between June and August 2001 had their IOP measured by applanation. The demographic characteristics and laterality of the IOP measured ...
Turaçli M Erol - - 2005
PURPOSE: The 677 C-T polymorphism in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is associated with hyperhomocysteinaemia. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of MTHFR 677 C-T polymorphism and homocysteine (Hcy) levels in Turkish patients with pseudoexfoliation (PEX). METHODS: This prospective study consisted of 60 patients with PEX glaucoma, 16 with ...
Ikeda Nariko - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of uveitis or pseudouveitis presenting de novo in Japanese elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 296 patients with uveitis or pseudouveitis who were treated at Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University Hospital. Patients were followed up for 1 week to 5 years (mean, 11 months). ...
Liebenberg W A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Oculomotor and vestibulo-ocular manifestations are associated with Chiari 1 malformation. Reports of the results of decompression of CM1 in resolution of these manifestations are limited. METHODS: A retrospective review of case notes were undertaken from Jan 1998 to March 2003 of all the cases undergoing posterior fossa decompressions by ...
Konstas Anastasios G P - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of latanoprost monotherapy on the aqueous humour concentrations of TGF-beta1, MMP-2, TIMP-2, MMP-9 and gelatinolytic activity in patients treated for exfoliative glaucoma (XFG). Aqueous samples from 50 XFG patients treated with latanoprost and 50 age-matched XFG patients treated with ...
Javvadhi S S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: There are various controversial reports on intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with leprosy. PURPOSE: The current study was undertaken to study the level of intraocular pressure in leprosy patients and its association with the risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cross sectional comparative study. An ophthalmologist ...
Tran Hoai Viet - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe a previously unreported association between phakomatosis pigmentovascularis (PPV) IIa and primary choroidal melanoma. DESIGN: Case series. PARTICIPANTS: Three patients with PPV type IIa and choroidal melanoma. RESULTS: Nevus flammeus was present unilaterally in each patient, involving the hemiface, the hemithorax, or both. Ocular melanocytosis also was present ...
Shaw Mary E - - 2005
Successful management of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) depends heavily on patient compliance with the treatment plan. Studies have clearly shown that early treatment will slow the progress of the POAG. Despite this fact, and even when treatment plans are negotiated with the patient, patient behavior may not be conducive to ...
Rajagopalan Aruna S - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to characterize higher-order wavefront aberrations associated with posterior subcapsular (PSC) cataracts in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Wavefront aberrations were measured by Shack-Hartmann (SH) aberrometry in eight patients with RP who had PSC cataracts, 10 patients with RP who had minimal or no PSC ...
Levy Jaime - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report two cases of herpes simplex virus (HSV) keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: Interventional small case series. Two patients underwent uneventful LASIK. History of herpes labialis in one patient and herpetic eye disease > 10 years prior to intervention in the other patient was reported. ...
Menezo Victor - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the factors determining the ocular complications and visual outcome in patients with chronic anterior uveitis. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case study. METHODS: Ninety-one eyes of 68 patients with anterior uveitis that lasted longer than 3 months were assessed. Patients were divided into idiopathic and nonidiopathic ...
Yip C-C - - 2005
AIMS: To report a case series of enophthalmic patients with lagophthalmos. METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical records at a tertiary health care centre of all patients with the diagnoses of "enophthalmos" and "lagophthalmos". Patients who had a history of diseases (such as Graves' orbitopathy), trauma or surgery ...
Kotaniemi K - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of uveitis in young adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: The study population consisted of 123 JIA patients born between 1976 and 1980 whose arthritis had been diagnosed and treatment first started at the Rheumatism Foundation Hospital in 1976 to 1995. A ...
Joseph Mark A - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report 4 cases of patients treated with topical tacrolimus ointment 0.03% for ocular inflammatory conditions refractory to traditional treatment. METHODS: Four patients were treated topically with tacrolimus 0.03% ointment twice daily: 2 patients with blepharokeratoconjunctivitis, 1 patient with severe atopic keratoconjunctivitis, and 1 patient with chronic follicular conjunctivitis. ...
Mahesh S P - - 2005
We report for the first time a significant increased lymphoproliferative response to alpha tropomyosin as well as observing autoantibodies to tropomyosin observed in Behcet's disease (BD) patients with posterior uveitis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 18 BD patients with posterior uveitis, 18 patients with other forms of noninfectious uveitis, ...
Lindstedt E W - - 2005
To describe the effect of additional treatment with anti-TNF-alpha therapy in a case series of 13 patients with serious sight threatening uveitis. 13 patients with serious sight threatening uveitis were included, of whom six had Behçet's disease, five had idiopathic posterior uveitis, one had sarcoidosis, and one birdshot retinochoroiditis. Onset ...
Chang David F - - 2005
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence and possible causative factors of a newly recognized syndrome, the intraoperative floppy iris (IFIS). SETTING: Clinical practices in Los Altos and San Rafael, California, USA. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of consecutive cataract surgeries performed in a 2-surgeon practice over a 12-month period (706 eyes; ...
Doyle Aoife - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) has been shown to be associated with reduced central corneal thickness (CCT). The association of NTG with vascular risk factors is well documented. It has been postulated that a subset of NTG patients are misclassified due to incorrect intraocular pressure measurements on thin corneas. The ...
Torun Necip - - 2005
PURPOSE: Understanding of the role of cytokines in uveitis may provide new clues to its treatment. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to evaluate systemic cytokine receptor expression in patients with noninfectious uveitis. METHOD: Serum concentrations of soluble interleukin-2 receptor alpha (IL-2 s Ralpha) and soluble tumor necrosis factor ...
Francis I C - - 2005
Conjunctivochalasis, a secondary cause of the watery eye, is frequently seen in the older age group as an elevation of the bulbar conjunctiva lying along the lateral or central lower lid margin. A prospective, interventional, case-controlled clinical and histopathological study was conducted. The relevant features of 18 patients (29 eyes) ...
Zhang Yujin - - 2005
Autoimmune uveitis is a group of ocular inflammatory disorders with unknown causes. As in other autoimmune diseases, identification of autoantigens from uveitis patients would markedly improve our understanding of the disease mechanism. Here, we report that a candidate autoantigen was identified by phage display in an unbiased fashion. A bacteriophage ...
Westfall Andrew C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To report the prevalence of abnormal intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with toxoplasmosis retinochoroiditis and to determine risk factors for such abnormality. METHODS: In a retrospective clinic-based chart review, the IOP levels of 61 patients with active retinochoroiditis were recorded. Patients were separated into groups with elevated IOP, equal ...
Nagase Takashi - - 2005
A prominent mandibular angle is a relatively common aesthetic problem among Asians, and the reduction angle-splitting ostectomy is now becoming a very popular procedure in Asian countries. Although this operation is usually performed on young patients, the same aesthetic demands are also seen in the elderly. In this report, the ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >