Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1000
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BenEzra D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: (1) To prospectively evaluate the incidence of increased intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients suffering from chronic uveitis. (2) To identify the main factors responsible for an increase in the IOP among these patients. METHODS: Two hundred and one patients suffering from chronic uveitis were included. Enrolled patients had an ...
Shalaby I A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To document the incidence and clinical features of syphilitic uveitis in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTINGS: Single tertiary uveitis referral center. PATIENTS: The charts of HIV-infected patients with uveitis and a reactive fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test seen between November 1983 and ...
Chern K C - - 1997
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to report the outcome and postoperative topographic analysis of seven patients who underwent small-diameter, round, eccentric penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS: Seven patients underwent small-diameter, round, eccentric penetrating keratoplasty for a variety of corneal disorders (cataract wound necrosis and dehiscence or fistula, three patients; penetrating ...
O'Sullivan D J - - 1997
We present a family with five members affected by Type 1 autoimmune polyendocrinopathy. All patients had chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis and dental abnormalities. Four patients had ocular abnormalities, four had hypoparathyroidism, and three had Addison's disease. The family was unusual in that all four affected females had premature ovarian failure. The ...
Bräutigam P - - 1997
AIM: The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the value of immunoscintigraphy (ISG) with anti-225.28S in clinically suspected ocular melanoma. METHODS: For this purpose standardized ISG was performed in 36 patients using both planar acquisition and emission computed tomography (ECT). Ocular melanoma was present in 31 patients. In ...
Chung S M - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To describe 2 patients with ocular neuromyotonia in association with Graves orbitopathy and to consider the possible underlying mechanisms. DESIGN: Description of the clinical findings in 2 patients with these conditions. SETTING: Neuro-ophthalmology referral centers. PATIENTS: Two patients, aged 55 and 52 years, had episodic, involuntary periods of vertical ...
Chavez-de la Paz E - - 1997
The authors characterize and analyze the incidence of a previously reported mild anterior nongranulomatous uveitis associated with intravitreal injections of (S)-1-(3-hydroxy-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)cytosine (HPMPC), also termed cidofovir (Vistide, Gilead Sciences, Foster City, CA). This is an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate analogue with a potent anticytomegalovirus effect. The authors also analyzed the effects of ...
Konstas A G - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The presentation and initial response to treatment of consecutive patients with exfoliation glaucoma (PXE) and primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) were evaluated prospectively. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive newly diagnosed patients with POAG and PXE were included in a prospective study that evaluated the initial clinical course and ...
Pollard Z F - - 1997
While the great majority of patients with persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous never obtain useful vision, it is encouraging that 18.07% of all the patients in this series did achieve 20/200 vision or better (Table V). In the whole group, 12 of 83, or 14.45%, obtained 20/70 vision or better with ...
Quarterman M J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To examine ocular signs, symptoms, and results of tear analysis in patients with cutaneous rosacea before, during, and after doxycycline therapy. DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: General community. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-nine patients with cutaneous rosacea underwent dermatologic and ocular examinations, testing of tear break-up time, and Schirmer testing ...
Ursea R - - 1997
PURPOSE: To describe and classify ophthalmic, ultrasonographic findings in patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma with ocular involvement. METHODS: B- and A-scan ultrasonography was performed on the eyes of 13 patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma with ocular involvement. RESULTS: In seven patients, the eyes were the site ...
Srur M - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of Acuvue contact lenses as a therapeutic contact lens in 33 patients with noninfectious corneal disorders. METHODS: We fit 33 patients (21 female, 12 male) with Acuvue contact lenses. Patients were seen in follow-up at 24 hours, 4 days, 15 days, and then monthly. Contact ...
Skarin A - - 1996
Eight patients with Acanthamoeba keratitis were diagnosed and treated at our clinic between February 1991 and February 1993. Five of these were contact lens wearers, two had suffered recent corneal trauma and one had recently undergone penetrating keratoplasty. The diagnoses were based on both culture and histological examination of biopsy ...
Girma T - - 1996
Cataract is a blinding disease occurring all over the world. One of the causes of cataract is leprosy. Sixty leprosy and 100 nonleprosy patients were assessed and underwent intracapsular cataract extraction. Leprosy patients with cataract were much younger than nonleprosy patients. The leprosy group had a significantly higher rate of ...
Jonas J B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether, in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), patients younger than 40 years differ in optic disc morphology from patients older than 40 years. METHODS: Out of a total group of 419 patients with POAG, we formed and compared two subgroups, one consisting ...
Ronday M J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: In 1992, non-onchocercal uveitis caused 9% of blindness, 8% of visual impairment, and 11% of uniocular blindness among patients visiting an eye hospital in Sierra Leone, west Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the aetiology of uveitis in this population. METHODS: General and ophthalmic examination complemented ...
Cruysberg J R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To assess the causes for delay in the diagnosis of homocystinuria. DESIGN: Clinical and laboratory data were collected from patients diagnosed as having homocystinuria due to cystathionine synthase deficiency, with special reference to the ages at which the patients had their first major signs of the disease, ectopia lentis ...
Waldmann E - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma and cataract are multifactorial diseases. They have been described to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Twenty-four-hour ECG monitoring was done in 22 normal-tension glaucoma patients, 27 open-angle glaucoma patients, 25 cataract patients, and 20 normal controls. The frequency of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) as well as ...
Konstas A G - - 1996
The frequency of exfoliation syndrome (EXS) was investigated in a group of Greek patients undergoing extracapsular cataract surgery. Five hundred and nine (509) consecutive cataract patients without any other manifest ocular abnormality were prospectively examined for the presence of EXS. Patients were clinically divided into 3 groups: group I (EXS ...
Smith T J - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to obtain preliminary safety and efficacy data on a novel sustained-release 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) implant in high-risk glaucoma surgical patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The implants were placed subconjunctivally in four patients undergoing high-risk trabeculectomy. The patients have been observed for approximately 2.5 ...
Power W J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute, self-limited, inflammatory disorder of the skin and mucous membranes. With ocular involvement, SJS has been associated with the class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-Bw44. This study examined HLA class II associations in patients with SJS with ocular involvement to help identify possible molecular ...
Corbett M C - - 1996
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: After photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), the final refraction in the majority of patients is near the intended refraction. However, a significant proportion of patients show regression, which is commonly associated with corneal haze. This study aims to determine whether biologic and environmental factors influence the outcome of PRK. METHODS: One ...
Kushner B J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that axial length determination is important in strabismic patients for defining the limit for a safe maximum recession of the medial rectus. Also, the response to strabismus surgery may be, in part, a function of axial length. We previously published a formula for predicting axial ...
Nguyen N - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of occludable angles in a Vietnamese population. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the angle status in 482 Vietnamese patients who presented to a general ophthalmology practice. All angles were graded by a glaucoma specialist according to the Shaffer method. Patients were excluded if they had ...
Schimkat M - - 1996
Iridocyclitis, arthralgia, and pseudojaundice have been identified as dose-dependent adverse effects in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) who are treated orally with rifabutin for Mycobacterium avium intracellulare complex (MAC) infections. Nine episodes of acute anterior uveitis of varying severity ranging from mild iridocyclitis to anterior uveitis with fibrin or ...
Stirling R J - - 1996
PURPOSE: To compare light- and fully dark-adapted thresholds at loci within the central visual field in patients with ocular hypertension and glaucoma. METHODS: Eighteen patients with chronic open angle glaucoma, 13 patients with ocular hypertension, and 24 age-matched normals were studied. The Humphrey automated perimeter with the standard background illumination ...
Key J E - - 1996
PURPOSE: Blepharitis, an intrinsic eyelid inflammation with crusting and irritation, presents a great problem for patients wearing contact lenses. An important part of blepharitis therapy is eyelid hygiene, including the use of either soap, dilute baby shampoo, or commercial lid scrubs. In this study, a comparison was made between these ...
Liu S - - 1996
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of calcium channel blockers (CCB) on the clinical course of glaucoma. METHODS: Open-angle glaucoma patients receiving oral CCB for nonophthalmic diseases were sequentially selected from the private practice of the Glaucoma Service of Wills Eye Hospital. The course of ...
Leske M C - - 1996
PURPOSE: To estimate incidence and progression rates of nuclear opacities in the Longitudinal Study of Cataract, an epidemiologic study of the natural history of all types of lens opacities. METHODS: The Lens Opacities Classification System III was used to assess longitudinal changes between baseline and follow-up lens photographs for the ...
Tabbara K F - - 1996
The main purpose of this report is to describe nine cases of xeroderma pigmentosum with primary spontaneous corneal scarring in the absence of history of corneal ulcers or infectious keratitis. The authors studied nine patients with xeroderma pigmentosum. Each patient underwent complete ophthalmologic and dermatologic examinations. Three patients underwent excision ...
Mangelsdorf H C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease is a multisystem disease that is rare in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to assess the characteristics and treatment of a series of patients with Behçet's disease in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective clinical review of 25 patients with Behçet's disease ...
Kim J E - - 1996
PURPOSE: To review the treatment and outcomes of patients presenting with concurrent endophthalmitis and retained lens fragments after phacoemulsification. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients presenting with culture-proven endophthalmitis and retained lens fragments after phacoemulsification between 1990 and 1994. RESULTS: Five patients were identified with culture-proven endophthalmitis ...
Wall M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To study the relationship of reaction time to the psychometric function in normal subjects, normal sensitivity test locations in patients with glaucoma, and test locations with 10 to 20 dB loss in patients with glaucoma. METHODS: The authors tested 10 patients with glaucoma and 10 age-matched normal volunteers with ...
Nicolela M T - - 1996
PURPOSE: To study the prevalence of risk factors for glaucoma as well as the pattern of visual field defects and their progression in patients with open angle glaucoma with different and distinct optic nerve appearances. METHODS: One thousand seven hundred eleven optic disc stereo photographs of patients with glaucoma and ...
Hemady R K - - 1996
PURPOSE: Therapy with suramin sodium has been associated with photophobia, iritis, optic atrophy, and vortex keratopathy. We studied the ocular findings in patients who underwent treatment with suramin sodium for metastatic cancer of the prostate. METHODS: In a prospective study, 114 patients who underwent treatment with suramin sodium for cancer ...
Kelly J P - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Losses in color vision sensitivity are noted in patients with glaucoma and these losses can occur before the onset of visual field defects in ocular hypertensive patients. The authors incorporate a technique that measures foveal luminance and isoluminant-color thresholds. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 31 patients ...
Min Y G - - 1996
We treated 24 cases of orbital pseudotumour from January 1981 through January 1993. The clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were analyzed retrospectively by reviewing the medical records, radiological studies, and histological examination. All patients presented with symptoms related to the eye (proptosis, lid swelling, limited ocular motion and/or pain, chemosis, ...
Berk A T - - 1996
Fifty-five patients with Down's syndrome were examined to evaluate the characteristics and frequency of ocular findings. Of these patients, 29 (52.7%) were hypermetropes, 7 (12.7%) were emmetropes, and 7 (12.7%) were myopes; astigmatism of more than 3.00 diopters was present in 7(12.7%) patients. Strabismus was observed in 12 (21.8%) patients. ...
Eustis H S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Inferior oblique overaction develops in 72% of patients with infantile esotropia but generally is not recognized until the patient is between 2 and 4 years of age. METHODS: While undergoing bilateral medial rectus recessions, photographs were taken of the posterior pole of 27 eyes in 14 patients with infantile ...
Mathers W D - - 1996
PURPOSE: A sharp increase of Acanthamoeba keratitis from two cases per year to 30 cases per year at our institution prompted this study to determine whether there was a change in the clinical characteristics, basic epidemiology, and outcome of this disease. METHODS: We reviewed all cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis diagnosed ...
Tay-Kearney M L - - 1996
PURPOSE: To delineate the clinical features, course, complications, and associated systemic diseases in patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 148 patients with HLA-B27-associated uveitis from two large uveitis practices. RESULTS: There were 127 (86%) white and 21 (14%) nonwhite patients, and a male-to-female ratio of 1.5:1. ...
Suchecki J K - - 1996
PURPOSE: We describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of peripheral corneal infiltrates associated with contact lens wear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 52 patients with contact lens associated peripheral corneal infiltrates. Demographic data, clinical characteristics of the infiltrates, contact lens parameters, treatment modality, and the time to resolution ...
Fulga V - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to test the objective and subjective performance of the Holo-Or Rigid Gas Permeable (RGP) Multifocal Contact Lens (MFCL), a new trifocal diffractive contact lens. Eleven experienced and two nonexperienced rigid gas permeable contact lens wearers participated in the study. Eleven patients were presbyopic (age ...
Goldberg M A - - 1995
PURPOSE: We studied a case of air bag-associated corneal rupture in a patient who had previously undergone radial keratotomy surgery. METHODS: The patient was struck in the right eye when his driver's side air bag inflated during a low-speed collision. RESULTS: Inflation of the air bag resulted in rupture of ...
Hieselaar L C - - 1995
AIMS: In a quantitative prospective study the corneal sensation in patients with leprosy was compared with age matched controls. METHODS: The patients with leprosy were classified as paucibacillary and multibacillary and were divided in three groups: (1) patients without clinically detectable eye pathology; (2) patients with lagophthalmos, (3) patients with ...
Ragge N K - - 1995
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ocular abnormalities in patients with clinically diagnosed neurofibromatosis 2 and asymptomatic gene carriers. METHODS: Probands were ascertained through a surgical otolaryngology practice. In a cross-sectional study, we examined 49 patients with neurofibromatosis 2, 30 offspring of patients, and, as a comparison group, 18 parents and siblings ...
Wolf S - - 1995
Recently it has been demonstrated that retinal hemodynamics are disturbed in patients with chronic open-angle glaucoma. As the underlying cause a reduction in perfusion pressure due to increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and deficiencies of retinal autoregulation has been discussed. The present study was undertaken to clarify the influence of filtering ...
Yeatts R P - - 1995
PURPOSES: To evaluate the efficacy of topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in treating conjunctival and corneal epithelial neoplasia. METHODS: Three patients underwent surgical excision of bulky disease followed by topical 1% 5-FU in artificial tear base for 2 to 3 weeks or until epithelial separation occurred. An additional three patients underwent treatment ...
Lightstone A - - 1995
Research by Evans et al. (Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 15, 481-487, 1995) has demonstrated a correlation between visual processing and ocular motor factors in people with specific reading difficulties (dyslexia). In addition, research by Wilkins et al. (Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 14, 365-370, 1994) has shown that some people with dyslexia will ...
Sengör T - - 1995
We determined the tear levels of LTC4 in contact lens wearers who had minimal irritative symptoms and signs suggesting subclinical conjunctival abnormalities and the possible development of giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC). We examined 25 patients wearing rigid gas permeable lenses. Ten of the contact lens wearers had minimal irritative symptoms ...
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