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Krieger-Grübel C - - 2010
 Diffuse esophageal spasm (DES) is characterized on manometry by a combination of simultaneous contractions and normal swallows. The aim of this study was to examine the manometric characteristics of simultaneous and 'normal' swallows in patients with DES patients compared with normal controls. Manometric studies from 69 patients with DES and ...
Tsuboi Kazuto - - 2010
Nutcracker esophagus (NE) is a well-described esophageal motility disorder often implicated as the cause of chest pain (CP). The aim of this study was to analyze the role of peristaltic amplitude, lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure, and 24 h pH scores in patient symptomatology. After obtaining Institutional Review Board approval, a ...
Abbasi Amanullah - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the severity of thrombocytopenia in different grades of esophageal varices. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Medical Unit-III, Ward-7 from January to December 2008. METHODOLOGY: Subjects were eligible if they had a diagnosis of cirrhosis. Patient with advanced ...
Bozic Molly A - - 2010
An 8-year-old patient with cystic fibrosis presented with hypoalbuminemia as the main symptom of severe erosive esophagitis. Extensive evaluation failed to reveal a nutrition, pancreatic, intestinal, or renal explanation of his hypoalbuminemia. Identification and treatment of the esophagitis led to resolution of the hypoalbuminemia.
Sadeghian Mohammad Hadi - - 2010
Iron deficiency is a common cause of anemia worldwide. Documentation shows that these patients have impaired immunity and are prone to infections. The aim of this study was to confirm whether serum immunoglobulins change in adult nonpregnant females with iron deficiency anemia. Based on patients' clinical history, CBC results, and ...
White Sarah B - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate a small-caliber esophagus at barium esophagography with idiopathic eosinophilic esophagitis (IEE) and determine if there is a useful threshold diameter for suggesting this diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived informed consent. This study was HIPAA compliant. A search of ...
Katzka David A - - 2010
Lichen planus is a relatively uncommon, presumed autoimmune disease that affects middle-aged patients and is manifested in the skin, nails, and mucous membranes. Reports of esophageal involvement have been rare, despite the classification of the esophagus as a mucous membrane. Assuming esophageal involvement might not be as rare as expected, ...
Abu-Sultaneh Samer M A - - 2011
Symptoms of vomiting and dysphagia in children with eosinophilic esophagitis may be related to the development of mucosal fibrosis. Our aims were to (1) investigate esophageal fibrosis in children with EoE compared to patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and normal individuals, and (2) to assess the degree of mucosal fibrosis ...
Guarino M P L MP Department of Digestive Diseases, Campus Bio Medico University of Rome, Italy. - - 2010
Transient receptor potential channel vanilloid subfamily member-1 (TRPV1) may play a role in esophageal perception. TRPV1 mRNA and protein expression were examined in the esophageal mucosa of non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and erosive esophagitis (EE) patients and correlated to esophageal acid exposure. Seventeen NERD patients, eight EE patients and 10 ...
Javors Bruce R - - 2011
Monitoring of esophageal pH is a major component of the evaluation of gastroesophageal reflux disease. A recent innovation has led to the replacement of the intraluminal probe by a wireless capsule. This capsule is attached to the esophageal wall and transmits the appropriate data to a patient-worn receiver. After a ...
Binato Marcelo - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and Barrett esophagus have an increased risk of developing adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. It is uncertain whether molecular or proliferative alterations are present in the early stages of disease. METHODS: One hundred thirty-eight patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms were subjected ...
Yang Min - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The role of esophageal hypersensitivity in functional heartburn (FH) with negative pH test, negative symptom index, and the proton pump inhibitor (PPI) failure has not been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the characterization of visceral hyperalgesia evoked by esophageal balloon distention and acid ...
Castilloux Julie J Division of Gastroenterology and Department of Pediatrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Laval, Laval, Québec. - - 2010
Late complications of esophageal atresia (EA), particularly esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus, are increasingly being recognized. With the exception of patients with dysphagia associated with esophageal stricture, it is unknown whether patient symptomatology can predict endoscopic findings. Data regarding the digestive symptoms of patients who were referred to the EA multidisciplinary ...
Abd El Dayem Soha M - - 2010
To screen for coeliac disease in Egyptian children with non-endocrinal short stature, refractory iron deficiency anaemia and type 1 diabetes. Also, to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of different serological tests for diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD). The study included 292 patients with clinical risk of CD. Testing for coeliac ...
van Heel N C M - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: In patients with primary esophageal cancer, luminal patency can be restored by placement of a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS). The use of SEMS in patients with dysphagia caused by malignant extrinsic compression has largely been unreported. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of SEMS in ...
Moreau Brigitte - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Esophageal atresia with or without tracheo-esophageal fistula is a frequent malformation that occurs in about 1 of 3000 live births. It can be associated with other congenital malformations. The aim of this study was to measure the frequency of heterotopic pancreas (HP) in children with esophageal atresia (EA) and ...
Samadi Faraz - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to reassess the relation between a feline esophagus (transient transverse esophageal folds) and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and to determine whether a feline esophagus is observed more often during swallowing or during reflux of barium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized search of double-contrast esophagrams ...
Xiong Li Shou - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and its risk factors in patients undergoing endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal symptoms in a Chinese tertiary referral medical center. METHODS: All consecutive patients receiving an endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal symptoms in our medical center from September to December 2007 were recruited. ...
Szczesniak M M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate or excessive, non-swallow related, reflexive relaxation of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) in response to esophageal distension may be the principal mechanism permitting retrograde trans-sphincteric flow during acid regurgitation. The neural pathways mediating reflexive UES relaxation in the human have received little attention. Patients with laryngitis demonstrate an ...
Bohm M - - 2010
The goal of this article is to present the results of the long-term treatment with esophageal dilation of a consecutive series of adults with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). EoE in adults is a disease of middle aged white males, with recurrent food impactions and dysphagia. The exact treatment of EoE is ...
Jacobs John William JW Jr Department of Medicine, VA North Texas Healthcare System, Dallas, TX, - - 2010
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is associated with tissue remodeling that can result in esophageal mucosal fragility, and esophageal dilation for patients with EoE is known to cause painful mucosal lacerations. Clinicians have been admonished that patients with EoE may be exceptionally predisposed to perforation with esophageal dilation, a notion supported primarily ...
Altemur Karamustafaoglu Y - - 2010
We report our experience with self-expandable metallic stents for the palliation of malignant dysphagia and tracheoesophageal fistulae caused by lung cancer. Esophageal self-expandable metallic stents were deployed in 28 patients with malignant dysphagia as a result of lung cancer between August 2002 and January 2009. Mean age was 62.1 (42-77) ...
Katada C - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Narrow band imaging combined with magnifying endoscopy (NBI-ME) is useful for the detection of superficial squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) within the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and oral cavity. The risk of a second primary SCC of the head and neck is very high in patients with esophageal SCC. ...
Kim S J - - 2010
PURPOSE: Aim of the study was to investigate the swallowing kinematics of patients with dysphagia which developed after pneumonectomy. METHODS: We investigated the swallowing kinematics of patients with dysphagia development after pneumonectomy and compared them with age- and gender-matched normal controls. The following swallowing parameters were compared: (1) maximum anterior ...
Coury Jeffrey - - 2010
Esophageal hamartoma is a rare entity, as only 7 cases have been previously reported in the English-language literature. Common symptoms include dysphagia, weight loss, and vomiting. Life-threatening airway obstruction can also occur. Because of the nonspecific nature of the symptoms, patients with these dangerous polyps are often misdiagnosed as having ...
Yen Tzung-Hai - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: This is an observational study that examines the clinical features, the degrees of esophageal injury, physiological markers, and clinical outcomes after paraquat ingestion and seeks to determine what association, if any, may exist between these findings. METHODS: The study included 16 of 1410 paraquat subjects who underwent endoscopies at ...
Tamburrini S - - 2010
PURPOSE: The authors sought to determine the role of video ultrasonography (VUS) in the diagnostic assessment of dysphagia in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine patients underwent simultaneous static and dynamic VUS examination and videofluoroscopy (VFS) of swallowing. RESULTS: At the static phase, VUS showed 5/9 ...
Di Biase Luigi - - 2010
Esophageal injury can result from left atrial radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy, with added concern because of its possible relationship to the development of atrial-esophageal (A-E) fistulas. Evaluate utility of esophageal capsule endoscopy to detect esophageal lesions as a complication of RFA therapy in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). Consecutive ...
Lee Hae Jeong - - 2010
This study was undertaken to evaluate the long-term treatment of esophageal strictures in children with corrosive esophagitis and to determine the effect of self-bougienage on recurrent strictures. We reviewed the medical records of nine children that were treated for corrosive esophageal strictures from May 2000 to May 2008. Six males ...
Zion Nataly - - 2010
Over the last years we have noted an association between the endoscopic finding of a continuously patent gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) throughout the procedure and macroscopic or microscopic esophagitis. We could not find documentation for these endoscopic findings as a predictor of esophagitis in the literature. We aimed to find an ...
Fukuhara Tatsuma - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The relationship between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and Lugol-voiding lesions (LVLs) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is unclear. AIM: To investigate the characteristics of ESCC and the relationship between ESCC and LVLs in patients with HNSCC. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2006, 157 patients ...
Ku Peter K M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the contribution of laryngopharyngeal sensory deficits and impaired pharyngeal motor function to aspiration in patients irradiated for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study at a tertiary referral university teaching hospital. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients who underwent radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma referred to a dysphagia clinic ...
Heresbach D - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM: A video capsule similar to that used in small-bowel capsule endoscopy is now available for esophageal exploration. The aim of our study was to compare the accuracy of upper endoscopy (esophageal gastroduodenoscopy [EGE]) with esophageal capsule endoscopy (ECE) in patients at risk of esophageal squamous cell ...
Elsharkawy Asser Abdel Raouf - - 2010
Most cases of esophageal carcinoma are inoperable at presentation. Currently, the best method for palliation of malignant dysphagia, with or without esophago-respiratory fistula, is an insertion of esophageal self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) across the malignant esophageal stricture. Herein we present our experience in the use of SEMS in palliation of ...
Yamamoto Takatsugu - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The risk for erosive esophagitis (EE) with low-dose aspirin (ASA) remains unknown, especially among Japanese patients. We conducted the present study to compare the risk of EE with that of gastroduodenal mucosal injury among Japanese patients taking ASA. METHODS: From 5555 patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from ...
Melman Lora - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ligamentous attachments maintain the normal anatomic position of the gastroesophageal (GE) junction. Failure of these elastic ligaments through an alteration in collagen synthesis, deposition, and metabolism may be a primary etiology of hiatal hernia formation. Differential expression of zinc-dependent matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is largely responsible for collagen remodeling. The ...
Jonaitis Laimas - - 2010
It remains unclear whether the Helicobacter pylori eradication may cause or provoke gastroesophageal reflux disease. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the role of H. pylori eradication and other factors in the development of erosive esophagitis in patients with duodenal ulcer. We enrolled 183 H. pylori-positive duodenal ulcer patients without erosive ...
Adachi Jin - - 2010
CONCLUSIONS: Videofluoroscopy (VF) in the prone position can diagnose a range of esophageal pathologies in all age groups. These correlate with globus sensation in younger and middle-aged patients in prone and supine positions. Abnormal esophageal clearance appears to be associated with globus sensation in young and middle-aged persons, but not ...
Grotenhuis Brechtje A - - 2010
The most important risk factor for the development of Barrett's esophagus is the reflux of both gastric and duodenal contents into the esophagus. The reason why Barrett's metaplasia develops only in a minority of patients suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease remains unknown.The exact mechanism behind the transition of normal squamous ...
Woisard-Bassols Virginie - - 2010
AIM: In cerebellar dysarthria, the lack of precision in the articulatory motions leads to a temporal dysregulation with a decreased rate of speech. That is, our hypothesis is that the signal distortions are linked to the slowness of speech and that the acceleration of the rate improves the intelligibility of ...
Showalter Shayna L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Esophageal carcinoma is an aggressive disease that is often treated with neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgical resection. Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been associated with reduced efficacy of chemoradiation (CRT) in other gastrointestinal cancers. The goal of this study was to determine if DM affects response to neoadjuvant CRT in ...
de Miranda Gomes P R PR - - 2010
AIM: To assess the correlation between esophageal dysmotility, characterized as inefficient esophageal motility (IEM), and the presence of pathological acid reflux due to a structurally defective lower esophageal sphincter (LES), hiatus hernia. (HH), or esophagitis in patients with suspected gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: 311 patients referred for GERD diagnostic ...
Al-Humayed Sulieman M - - 2010
Dyspepsia is a common gastrointestinal disorder and is the most common indication for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE). In recent years, it has been observed in several centers that there is a change in the causes of dyspepsia as revealed by UGIE. Our main objectives were: (1) To study the pattern ...
Cola Paula Cristina - - 2010
The effect of sour taste and food temperature variations in dysphagic patients has not been entirely clarified. To determine the effect of sour and cold food in the pharyngeal transit times of patients with stroke. Patients participating in this study were 30 right-handed adults, 16 of which were male and ...
Misra Asha - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We studied the spectrum of motor dysphagia in a northern Indian tertiary referral center. METHODS: In this retrospective study, consecutive patients with motor dysphagia referred to the Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology and Motility Laboratory from 2002 to 2007 were evaluated clinically and with eight-channel water-perfusion manometry. Causes of dysphagia were diagnosed ...
Iwakiri Katsuhiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In healthy subjects who inspire deeply the lower esophagus usually opens, and the esophageal palisade vessels (EPVs) become visible. However, in patients with achalasia, the full extent of the EPVs does not become visible and, in addition, rosette-like esophageal folds appear in the lower esophagus. The aim of this ...
Honing Judith - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To detect anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy in esophageal carcinoma patients, many surgeons perform a radiological contrast examination routinely. The aim of this retrospective study is to determine the clinical relevance of a routine contrast examination after esophagectomy and to evaluate criteria for contrast examination on demand. METHODS: Data were ...
Burton Paul Robert - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Esophageal function appears critical in laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) patients; however, conventional motility assessments have not proven to be clinically useful. Recent combined video fluoroscopic and high-resolution manometric studies have identified important components of esophageal function in LAGB patients. METHODS: Successful and symptomatic LAGB patients, with normal or ...
Nascimento Rodolfo Duarte - - 2010
Chagas disease is caused by infestation with the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, and some patients who are serologically positive develop chronic megaesophagus, whereas others are symptom-free. Gastrointestinal form of Chagas disease involves an inflammatory invasion of the enteric plexuses and degeneration of enteric neurons and previous works related that enteroglial cells ...
Ayazi Shahin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) often complain of dysphagia and are frequently found to have intraepithelial eosinophils on esophageal biopsy. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dysphagia and the number of intraepithelial eosinophils in patients with GERD. METHODS: Review of all patients ...
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