Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 923
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Akhtar Kalsoom - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of hysterosalpingoscintigraphy (HSSG) in the evaluation of fallopian tube patency and function and compare the results with hysterosalpingography (HSG) and laparoscopy (LS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted at Multan Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy (MINAR), Multan from ...
Wiesen Ari J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: PEG is a widely used method for providing nutritional support. Although pneumoperitoneum is a known finding after PEG placement, its true incidence is subject to debate. Small retrospective studies have found varied rates of free air after PEG placement. PATIENTS: There were a total of 65 patients. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Patel Bhupendra C K - - 2006
Innumerable approaches to the ptotic brow and forehead have been described in the past. Over the last twenty-five years, we have used all these techniques in cosmetic and reconstructive patients. We have used the endoscopic brow lift technique since 1995. While no one technique is applicable to all patients, the ...
Soo G - - 2006
Tracheostomy or laryngectomy stomas may sometimes re-stenose, resulting in respiratory distress for the patient unless the stoma is rapidly re-dilated and an adequate airway re-established. This article describes a simple and effective method for the acute re-dilatation of a tracheostoma stenosis, using an aural speculum, prior to the insertion of ...
Kikutani Takeshi - - 2006
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Palatal Augmentation Prosthesis (PAP) for an Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) patient. The patient's palatogram was taken during swallowing to assess her lingual function. A PAP was provided to assist her with feeding and swallowing functions. The patient's lingual pressure ...
Iino Yukiko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine eustachian tube function in patients with asthma and with or without eosinophilic otitis media (EOM), a new middle ear disease entity with a highly viscous middle ear effusion containing many eosinophils and usually associated with bronchial asthma. One of the most important causes of otitis media (OM) ...
Dhonneur G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: LMA CTrach (CT), a modified version of the intubating LMA Fastrach, allows continuous video-endoscopy of the tracheal intubation procedure. We tested the hypothesis that the CT is efficient for tracheal intubation of morbidly obese patients who are at risk of a difficult airway. METHODS: After Ethics' Committee approval, 104 ...
Wang Tyng-Guey - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the use of a nasogastric tube influences swallowing function in stroke patients with dysphagia. DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: Primary care center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 22 patients with stroke (12 men, 10 women; mean age, 69.7 y; range, 19-85 y) participated in the study. Time from ...
Maguiña Ciro - - 2006
Rhinoscleroma is a rare infection in developed countries; although, it is reported with some frequency in poorer regions such as Central Africa, Central and South America, Eastern and Central Europe, Middle East, India and Indonesia. Nowadays, rhinoscleroma may be erroneously diagnosed as mucocutaneos leishmaniasis, leprosy, paracoccidioidomycosis, rhinosporidiasis, late syphilis, neoplasic ...
Poetker David M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The study objective is to characterize the airway abnormalities in a series of patients with subglottic stenosis (SGS) as they relate to etiology and risk factors. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review, academic medical center. Airway characteristics, patient demographics, and suspected risk factors were recorded from a database of ...
Kaplan Marshal B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the direct and indirect (video monitor) views of the glottic opening using a new Macintosh blade that is modified to provide a video image of airway structures during laryngoscopy. DESIGN: Prospective multicenter trial. SETTING: 11 university-affiliated hospitals. PATIENTS: 867 adults undergoing elective surgery requiring general anesthesia and ...
Franzmann Elizabeth J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Severe swallowing dysfunction is the dominant long-term complication observed in patients treated for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with treatment protocols using intensive concurrent chemotherapy with radiation therapy (chemo/XRT). We identified a subset of these patients, who were seen with complete obstruction of the hypopharynx distal to ...
Chong D Y C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified no strong correlation between patients' height and tracheal length in anaesthetized patients. We have attempted to compare vocal cords-carina distance (VCD) in Chinese patients with the dimensions of five commonly used tracheal tubes. In addition, we attempted to find a surface anatomy measurement that would ...
Sehhati-Chafai-Leuwer Susanne - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The impact of cranio-maxillofacial procedures upon Eustachian tube function is still largely unknown. The aim of this presentation is to depict new aspects of Eustachian tube function and to demonstrate its importance to cranio-maxillofacial surgery. METHODS: Two different groups of patients were examined both clinically and by MRI of ...
Lai H Y - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The GlideScopeVideo Laryngoscope is a new intubating device. The aim of the study was to investigate the use of the GlideScopefor tracheal intubation in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) undergoing general anaesthesia. METHODS: Twenty AS patients were chosen to undergo tracheal intubation by the GlideScope. Preoperative airway assessments were ...
Davis Daniel P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation (ETI) is commonly used by paramedics for definitive airway management. The predictors of success and therapeutic value with regard to oxygenation are not well studied. OBJECTIVES: 1) To explore the relationship between intubation success and perfusion status, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, and end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2); ...
Hasdiraz L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Foreign body aspiration is rare in adults. However, in recent years, the aspiration of pins which are used for securing turbans (headscarves) is seen frequently in young women. The aim of this article was to review 105 patients who were admitted to our hospital for turban pin aspiration. METHODS: ...
Pinto A - - 2006
PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of plain chest radiography in the evaluation of patients with suspected foreign-body aspiration. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: During a 5-year period, 31 patients (18 men and 13 women; age range 6 months to 85 years) were referred to our observation ...
Weber S A T SA Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Botucatu Medical School, UNESP, São Paulo State University, - - 2006
The larynx is the third most commonly involved organ in paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). While a few studies have evaluated laryngeal sequelae, there have not been any investigations of voice abnormalities in PCM patients. To evaluate persistent dysphonia and laryngeal lesions, we studied 15 normal subjects and 30 post-treatment PCM patients, i.e., ...
Zuckerbraun Noel S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although etomidate is widely used for rapid sequence intubation (RSI), there is no consensus on the optimal induction agent and no prospective pediatric emergency department (ED) study exists. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of etomidate as an induction agent for RSI in ...
Shah Rahul K RK Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Communication Disorders, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2006
To describe the voice characteristics of pediatric unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Retrospective series from a children's hospital, 1996 to present. Forty-two patients with a mean age of 7.1 years were diagnosed with UVFP in our voice clinic (prevalence = 5.4%). Paralysis was left sided in 88%, and was most ...
Bielamowicz Steven - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether specific laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) patterns in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis/paresis (UVFP) are related to etiology of injury, time from onset of injury, patient perception of symptom severity, acoustic measures, and laryngeal aerodynamic measures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of 75 patients. METHODS: ...
Sanjay P S - - 2006
High-volume, low-pressure tracheal cuffs of disposable double lumen tubes may offer limited protection to the dependent lung if fluid leaks through folds in the inflated cuffs. This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of fluid leakage past the tracheal cuff and whether gel lubrication reduces the incidence. Fifty-five patients ...
Toulon Pierre - - 2007
To improve the safety of blood collection, plastic tubes have been developed but various interactions with the coagulation system and/or antithrombotic drugs were reported with the first generation of such tubes. The aim of this multicentre study was to compare hemostasis test results measured in evacuated plastic tubes made of ...
Nakajima M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Acute stroke patients with dysphagia are usually fed by nasogastric tube. However, this method sometimes causes pneumonia or diarrhea. We investigated the use of a new feeding procedure called intermittent oro-esophageal (IOE) tube feeding in acute stroke patients with severe dysphagia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IOE method was used ...
Martin Sam - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a congenital symptom complex characterized by multiple joint contractures. AMC results from fetal akinesia due to extrinsic factors (oligohydramnios) or primary neurogenic or myopathic conditions of the fetus. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our perioperative experience in 12 patients with AMC. RESULTS: Intraoperative issues noted ...
Ozkalkanli Murat Y - - 2006
Forestier's disease, also called diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), is a noninflammatory enthesopathy, ossifying the anterolateral spine and sparing the disc and joint space in elderly men, mostly at thoracic levels. Intubation difficulty and spinal cord injury are potential problems when managing the airway in DISH patients. We report a ...
Chen Hung-Chi - - 2006
This study compares the psychological adjustment and voice function of patients undergoing voice rehabilitation using the free ileocolon flap for creation of a voice tube shunt and patients undergoing voice rehabilitation using the pneumatic artificial larynx. Twelve laryngectomy patients were included; six underwent free ileocolon transfer following a period of ...
Tokuda Yasuharu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Because of an increasing number of case reports of copper deficiency associated with long-term tube feeding nutrition in Japan, we identified patients with copper deficiency associated with long-term tube feeding and described the prevalence, clinical data and cocoa treatment for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective ...
Miner James R - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Many patients who overdose on sedatives experience a declining mental status and eventually require endotracheal intubation. The goal of this study was to determine if serial bedside Bispectral index (BIS) scores monitoring can be used to detect the eventual need for intubation in overdosed patients who are undergoing ...
Olgac Guven - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Usefulness of prophylactic antibiotics following tube thoracostomy remains controversial in the literature. In this study, we aimed to investigate the consequences of closed tube thoracostomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax without the use of antibiotics. METHODS: One-hundred and nineteen patients underwent tube thoracostomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax. None of them ...
Cappell Mitchell S - - 2005
Our purpose was to analyze risks versus benefits of nasogastric (NG) intubation for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding performed soon after myocardial infarction (MI). While NG intubation and aspiration is relatively safe, clinically beneficial, and routinely performed in the general population for recent GI bleeding, its safety after MI is unstudied and ...
Marel Miloslav - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant benign stenoses of the large airways develop in about 1% of patients after intubation. The management of benign stenoses is not unified around the world, nor are there any accepted methods for their screening. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe and compare results of ...
Morgan Jonathan M - - 2005
The goal of this article is to explain both the options and the techniques that are available when considering the rejuvenation of the eyelid and brow complex. We first explain the relevant anatomy. We then list and explain the different techniques with both the brow lift and the blepharoplasty. During ...
Heman-Ackah Yolanda D - - 2006
Laryngeal electromyography (EMG) functions routinely as a prognostic tool in the evaluation of vocal fold paralysis, as a guide for therapeutic injections into the laryngeal muscles, and more recently as an assessment tool in the evaluation of vocal fold paresis. This study investigates the clinical utility of laryngeal EMG as ...
Leung Randal - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the long-term outcome of pediatric tracheostomy to identify predictive factors of early decannulation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of a consecutive series of 75 patients less than 20 years of age who underwent tracheostomy between 1998 and 2003 during their admission in a tertiary pediatric ...
Biswas B K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The intubating laryngeal mask has been used for the emergency management of the airway in patients placed in the lateral decubitus position. We have conducted this prospective study to compare the feasibility of placement of an intubating laryngeal mask and blind tracheal intubation guided by the intubating laryngeal mask ...
Rio Alan - - 2005
Patient care and minimizing complications post gastrostomy have to date received little attention in ALS patients. We compare the complications associated with pigtail and mushroom type percutaneous radiological gastrostomy tubes in this patient group. Patients requiring PRG received either Wills-Oglesby or the skin level Entristar. Retrospective review of the clinical ...
Winterhalter M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of the laryngeal mask into clinical practice, various additional supraglottic ventilatory devices have been developed. Although it has been demonstrated that the laryngeal tube is an effective airway device during positive pressure ventilation no clinical study has been performed thus far regarding its use ...
Höroldt B S - - 2005
Malnutrition in patients with liver disease is common. As a result, enteral feeding may be indicated. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion is rarely performed because the presence of varices is considered to be a contraindication. We report a case of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion in a patient with both gastric and ...
Shah Rahul K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Laryngeal dysfunction leading to incompetence and intractable aspiration can be a life-threatening problem. Laryngotracheal separation (LTS) can be used to prevent aspiration, but results in aphonia. The options for laryngeal speech following LTS are limited. METHODS: We performed tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) and insertion of a Blom-Singer valve in 3 ...
Combes Xavier - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) was designed using the characteristics of healthy-weight subjects but was shown to be an effective airway device in morbidly obese patients. The authors compared airway management quality in morbidly obese and lean patients with use of the ILMA. METHODS: Fifty morbidly obese and ...
Prokopakis Emmanuel P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess outcome in adult individuals undergoing laser-assisted tympanostomy without ventilation tube placement. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with 2-month follow-up. SETTING: Faculty practice, research protocol, tertiary care academic medical center. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Laser-assisted tympanostomy was performed on a total of 142 ears (108 individuals). Indications included serous otitis ...
Naik A D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes are placed with high frequency and relative safety for a variety of indications. One of these indications is temporary nutritional support for patients expected to resume oral nutrition. AIMS: To determine if baseline clinical characteristics can predict which patients attain the clinical goal of resuming ...
Beilin B - - 2005
The effectiveness of two laryngoscopes, the English Macintosh and the Flexiblade (a levering laryngoscope), were compared in a clinical setting. An investigation was carried out in 100 patients admitted for surgery under general anaesthesia, to compare intubation with the Flexiblade or the Macintosh laryngoscope. The patients had two anatomical characteristics ...
Evans N R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Though controversial, the risk of pulmonary aspiration during general anaesthesia in the immediate postpartum period appears low. The efficacy of the Proseal laryngeal mask airway was studied prospectively in a group of patients undergoing postpartum tubal ligation. METHODS: The Proseal laryngeal mask airway was employed for airway management in ...
Hess Dean R - - 2005
A tracheostomy tube decreases the ability of the patient to communicate effectively. The ability to speak provides an important improvement in the quality of life for a patient with a tracheostomy. In mechanically ventilated patients, speech can be provided by the use of a talking tracheostomy tube, using a cuff-down ...
Blot François - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the current practice of tracheostomy in French ICUs, focusing on the frequency, timing, indications, and techniques. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A questionnaire was sent to all ICUs included in the national registry of the Societe de Reanimation de Langue Francaise. PATIENTS: All ICU patients receiving ...
Al-Jaroudi Dania - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproductive performance of women after selective tubal catheterization. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety-eight infertile women with hysterosalpingographic findings of proximal tubal occlusion. INTERVENTION: Hysterosalpingography and selective tubal catheterization. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Repeat hysterosalpingography examination before ...
Stoikes Nathaniel F N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The symptom of eustachian tube dysfunction has been categorized as a "minor" symptom in chronic rhinosinusitis. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the frequency of otologic symptoms in patients with confirmed rhinosinusitis and the likelihood of its resolution in those patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). ...
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