Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 906
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Pinto A - - 2006
PURPOSE.: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of plain chest radiography in the evaluation of patients with suspected foreign-body aspiration. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: During a 5-year period, 31 patients (18 men and 13 women; age range 6 months to 85 years) were referred to our observation ...
Weber S A T SA Department of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases, Botucatu Medical School, UNESP, São Paulo State University, - - 2006
The larynx is the third most commonly involved organ in paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM). While a few studies have evaluated laryngeal sequelae, there have not been any investigations of voice abnormalities in PCM patients. To evaluate persistent dysphonia and laryngeal lesions, we studied 15 normal subjects and 30 post-treatment PCM patients, i.e., ...
Zuckerbraun Noel S - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Although etomidate is widely used for rapid sequence intubation (RSI), there is no consensus on the optimal induction agent and no prospective pediatric emergency department (ED) study exists. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of etomidate as an induction agent for RSI in ...
Shah Rahul K RK Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Communication Disorders, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2006
To describe the voice characteristics of pediatric unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Retrospective series from a children's hospital, 1996 to present. Forty-two patients with a mean age of 7.1 years were diagnosed with UVFP in our voice clinic (prevalence = 5.4%). Paralysis was left sided in 88%, and was most ...
Bielamowicz Steven - - 2006
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether specific laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) patterns in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis/paresis (UVFP) are related to etiology of injury, time from onset of injury, patient perception of symptom severity, acoustic measures, and laryngeal aerodynamic measures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of 75 patients. METHODS: ...
Sanjay P S - - 2006
High-volume, low-pressure tracheal cuffs of disposable double lumen tubes may offer limited protection to the dependent lung if fluid leaks through folds in the inflated cuffs. This study was undertaken to determine the incidence of fluid leakage past the tracheal cuff and whether gel lubrication reduces the incidence. Fifty-five patients ...
Toulon Pierre - - 2007
To improve the safety of blood collection, plastic tubes have been developed but various interactions with the coagulation system and/or antithrombotic drugs were reported with the first generation of such tubes. The aim of this multicentre study was to compare hemostasis test results measured in evacuated plastic tubes made of ...
Nakajima M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Acute stroke patients with dysphagia are usually fed by nasogastric tube. However, this method sometimes causes pneumonia or diarrhea. We investigated the use of a new feeding procedure called intermittent oro-esophageal (IOE) tube feeding in acute stroke patients with severe dysphagia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IOE method was used ...
Martin Sam - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a congenital symptom complex characterized by multiple joint contractures. AMC results from fetal akinesia due to extrinsic factors (oligohydramnios) or primary neurogenic or myopathic conditions of the fetus. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our perioperative experience in 12 patients with AMC. RESULTS: Intraoperative issues noted ...
Ozkalkanli Murat Y - - 2006
Forestier's disease, also called diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), is a noninflammatory enthesopathy, ossifying the anterolateral spine and sparing the disc and joint space in elderly men, mostly at thoracic levels. Intubation difficulty and spinal cord injury are potential problems when managing the airway in DISH patients. We report a ...
Chen Hung-Chi - - 2006
This study compares the psychological adjustment and voice function of patients undergoing voice rehabilitation using the free ileocolon flap for creation of a voice tube shunt and patients undergoing voice rehabilitation using the pneumatic artificial larynx. Twelve laryngectomy patients were included; six underwent free ileocolon transfer following a period of ...
Tokuda Yasuharu - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Because of an increasing number of case reports of copper deficiency associated with long-term tube feeding nutrition in Japan, we identified patients with copper deficiency associated with long-term tube feeding and described the prevalence, clinical data and cocoa treatment for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective ...
Miner James R - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Many patients who overdose on sedatives experience a declining mental status and eventually require endotracheal intubation. The goal of this study was to determine if serial bedside Bispectral index (BIS) scores monitoring can be used to detect the eventual need for intubation in overdosed patients who are undergoing ...
Olgac Guven - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Usefulness of prophylactic antibiotics following tube thoracostomy remains controversial in the literature. In this study, we aimed to investigate the consequences of closed tube thoracostomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax without the use of antibiotics. METHODS: One-hundred and nineteen patients underwent tube thoracostomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax. None of them ...
Cappell Mitchell S - - 2005
Our purpose was to analyze risks versus benefits of nasogastric (NG) intubation for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding performed soon after myocardial infarction (MI). While NG intubation and aspiration is relatively safe, clinically beneficial, and routinely performed in the general population for recent GI bleeding, its safety after MI is unstudied and ...
Marel Miloslav - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant benign stenoses of the large airways develop in about 1% of patients after intubation. The management of benign stenoses is not unified around the world, nor are there any accepted methods for their screening. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe and compare results of ...
Morgan Jonathan M - - 2005
The goal of this article is to explain both the options and the techniques that are available when considering the rejuvenation of the eyelid and brow complex. We first explain the relevant anatomy. We then list and explain the different techniques with both the brow lift and the blepharoplasty. During ...
Heman-Ackah Yolanda D - - 2006
Laryngeal electromyography (EMG) functions routinely as a prognostic tool in the evaluation of vocal fold paralysis, as a guide for therapeutic injections into the laryngeal muscles, and more recently as an assessment tool in the evaluation of vocal fold paresis. This study investigates the clinical utility of laryngeal EMG as ...
Leung Randal - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the long-term outcome of pediatric tracheostomy to identify predictive factors of early decannulation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of a consecutive series of 75 patients less than 20 years of age who underwent tracheostomy between 1998 and 2003 during their admission in a tertiary pediatric ...
Biswas B K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The intubating laryngeal mask has been used for the emergency management of the airway in patients placed in the lateral decubitus position. We have conducted this prospective study to compare the feasibility of placement of an intubating laryngeal mask and blind tracheal intubation guided by the intubating laryngeal mask ...
Rio Alan - - 2005
Patient care and minimizing complications post gastrostomy have to date received little attention in ALS patients. We compare the complications associated with pigtail and mushroom type percutaneous radiological gastrostomy tubes in this patient group. Patients requiring PRG received either Wills-Oglesby or the skin level Entristar. Retrospective review of the clinical ...
Winterhalter M - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of the laryngeal mask into clinical practice, various additional supraglottic ventilatory devices have been developed. Although it has been demonstrated that the laryngeal tube is an effective airway device during positive pressure ventilation no clinical study has been performed thus far regarding its use ...
Höroldt B S - - 2005
Malnutrition in patients with liver disease is common. As a result, enteral feeding may be indicated. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion is rarely performed because the presence of varices is considered to be a contraindication. We report a case of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy insertion in a patient with both gastric and ...
Shah Rahul K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Laryngeal dysfunction leading to incompetence and intractable aspiration can be a life-threatening problem. Laryngotracheal separation (LTS) can be used to prevent aspiration, but results in aphonia. The options for laryngeal speech following LTS are limited. METHODS: We performed tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) and insertion of a Blom-Singer valve in 3 ...
Combes Xavier - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) was designed using the characteristics of healthy-weight subjects but was shown to be an effective airway device in morbidly obese patients. The authors compared airway management quality in morbidly obese and lean patients with use of the ILMA. METHODS: Fifty morbidly obese and ...
Prokopakis Emmanuel P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To assess outcome in adult individuals undergoing laser-assisted tympanostomy without ventilation tube placement. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with 2-month follow-up. SETTING: Faculty practice, research protocol, tertiary care academic medical center. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Laser-assisted tympanostomy was performed on a total of 142 ears (108 individuals). Indications included serous otitis ...
Naik A D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes are placed with high frequency and relative safety for a variety of indications. One of these indications is temporary nutritional support for patients expected to resume oral nutrition. AIMS: To determine if baseline clinical characteristics can predict which patients attain the clinical goal of resuming ...
Beilin B - - 2005
The effectiveness of two laryngoscopes, the English Macintosh and the Flexiblade (a levering laryngoscope), were compared in a clinical setting. An investigation was carried out in 100 patients admitted for surgery under general anaesthesia, to compare intubation with the Flexiblade or the Macintosh laryngoscope. The patients had two anatomical characteristics ...
Evans N R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Though controversial, the risk of pulmonary aspiration during general anaesthesia in the immediate postpartum period appears low. The efficacy of the Proseal laryngeal mask airway was studied prospectively in a group of patients undergoing postpartum tubal ligation. METHODS: The Proseal laryngeal mask airway was employed for airway management in ...
Hess Dean R - - 2005
A tracheostomy tube decreases the ability of the patient to communicate effectively. The ability to speak provides an important improvement in the quality of life for a patient with a tracheostomy. In mechanically ventilated patients, speech can be provided by the use of a talking tracheostomy tube, using a cuff-down ...
Blot François - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the current practice of tracheostomy in French ICUs, focusing on the frequency, timing, indications, and techniques. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A questionnaire was sent to all ICUs included in the national registry of the Societe de Reanimation de Langue Francaise. PATIENTS: All ICU patients receiving ...
Al-Jaroudi Dania - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reproductive performance of women after selective tubal catheterization. DESIGN: Retrospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety-eight infertile women with hysterosalpingographic findings of proximal tubal occlusion. INTERVENTION: Hysterosalpingography and selective tubal catheterization. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Repeat hysterosalpingography examination before ...
Stoikes Nathaniel F N - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The symptom of eustachian tube dysfunction has been categorized as a "minor" symptom in chronic rhinosinusitis. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the frequency of otologic symptoms in patients with confirmed rhinosinusitis and the likelihood of its resolution in those patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). ...
Kawaguchi Takeshi - - 2005
Respiratory management of tracheal injuries is a crucial key to successful treatment. We present herein a patient with a traumatic tracheal transection in whom we confronted difficulty in airway management after false intratracheal intubation. No associated injuries were seen in the patient, then, primary repair of the trachea was carried ...
Reed M J - - 2005
AIM: To assess whether an airway assessment score based on the LEMON method is able to predict difficulty at intubation in the emergency department. METHODS: Patients requiring endotracheal intubation in the resuscitation room of a UK teaching hospital between June 2002 and September 2003 were assessed on criteria based on ...
O'Connor Cornelius J CJ - - 2005
PURPOSE: Glottic insertion of the ProSeal Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) has received little attention in the anesthesiology literature. We investigated the incidence and depth of insertion associated with this important cause for a failed insertion attempt with the PLMA. METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, we reviewed 15-months' use of ...
Rizzo Stefania M R - - 2005
Our objective was to assess the effect of orthopedic metallic prostheses on radiation dose associated with MDCT using z-axis automatic tube-current modulation and a fixed tube current in a phantom and patient study. Z-modulation is associated with a 34.1% increase in the mean tube current-time product and no change in ...
Lin Yi-Nien - - 2005
The factors associated with tube feeding dependency in stroke patients with dysphagia have received little attention. This study aimed to identify factors independently associated with tube feeding dependency at discharge in stroke patients with dysphagia using videofluoroscopic swallowing studies (VSS) and clinical findings. One hundred eighty-one consecutive tube-fed inpatients with ...
Yogendran Suntheralingam - - 2005
PURPOSE: To compare patient controlled inhalational induction (PCI) with the most commonly used sevoflurane induction technique, vital capacity inhalational induction (VCI). METHODS: Following approval of the Research Ethics Board, 124 outpatients undergoing knee arthroscopy were randomly assigned to receive either PCI or VCI sevoflurane followed by laryngeal mask airway (LMA) ...
Ko┼čucu Polat - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential use of low-tube-current MDCT virtual bronchoscopy for the evaluation of children with suspected foreign body aspiration. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Low-tube-current MDCT was performed in 23 patients (10 girls, 13 boys) with a mean age of 3.3 years (9 months-13 ...
Asai T - - 2004
The laryngeal tube has a potential role in airway management during anaesthesia or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In patients with unstable necks, the head and neck may need to be stabilised manually (manual in-line stabilisation), but it is not known whether this procedure affects the ease of insertion of the laryngeal tube. ...
Takwoingi Yohanna M - - 2005
Nasogastric tubes are increasingly used in the management of a diverse group of patients who generally require short-term enteral feeding. Various techniques of insertion have been described emphasizing the fact that as yet there is no simple and safe method. Nasogastric intubation in head and neck cancer patients may be ...
Kiger W S WS - - 2004
A flexible technique for positioning patients in fixed orientation radiation fields such as those used in neutron capture therapy (NCT) has been developed. The positioning technique employs reference points marked on the patient in combination with a 3D digitizer to determine the beam entry point and a template fitted to ...
Collins Jeremy S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The effect of patient position on the view obtained during laryngoscopy was investigated. METHODS: 60 morbidly obese patients undergoing elective bariatric were studied. Patients were randomly assigned into one of two groups. In Group 1, a conventional "sniff" position was obtained by placing a firm 7-cm cushion underneath the ...
Tsunezuka Yoshio - - 2004
Successful extended thymectomy was performed in three patients with myasthenia gravis under only high thoracic epidural anesthesia with voluntary breathing. It was not necessary to intubate a tracheal tube during operation for any of the patients. Neither muscle relaxants nor volatile anesthetic agents were required. The mean operating time was ...
Bullock Timothy K - - 2004
Pneumonia remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. Though most studies have focused on pneumonia in trauma or special respiratory intensive care units (ICU), we examine postoperative ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients undergoing elective operations. We hypothesized that a study of multiple clinical variables would disclose factors ...
Nakai Takuya - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Bile leak remains a serious complication after major hepatectomy. The usefulness of external biliary drainage to prevent intraperitoneal bile leak was studied. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-nine patients who underwent major hepatectomy from April 1997 through June 2000 were studied. The bile leak test was performed to identify and close leaks following ...
Koufman Jamie A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Arytenoid hypertelorism (arytenoid cartilages spaced too widely apart) appears to be the most common initial recognizable physical finding of cricoid chondrosarcoma. Nine cases from the Center for Voice Disorders are presented. With arytenoid hypertelorism caused by cricoid chondrosarcoma, usually the posterior larynx is open. In fact, patients with arytenoid ...
Cheng Kuang-I - - 2004
In some situations, patients need endotracheal intubation to maintain airway patency while they are constrained in the lateral position. In this study we compared lightwand-guided intubation of 120 randomly enrolled patients placed in the supine, right, or left lateral position. Group S patients were initially placed in the supine position, ...
Grmec S - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this prospective study in the prehospital setting was to compare three different methods for immediate confirmation of tube placement into the trachea in patients with severe head injury: auscultation, capnometry, and capnography. METHODS: All adult patients (>18 years) with severe head injury, maxillofacial injury with need ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >