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Kawaguchi Tetsuro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We prospectively evaluate the role of computerized tomographic cisternography (CTC) in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). METHODS: The cerebrospinal fluid kinetics of 70 patients who passed the entry criteria for the Study of iNPH on Neurological Improvement (SINPHONI) and underwent insertion of a shunt were studied. RESULTS: Stasis of ...
Bejdová Sárka - - 2011
Bilateral complete cleft lip and palate (BCLP) is the most severe of the common orofacial clefts and is associated with the greatest deformity during development. The aim of this study was to use geometric morphometrics to evaluate palatal shape and size variability in patients with BCLP in comparison to nonclefted ...
Britsemmer Karin - - 2011
Recently, an American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) collaboration developed new classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To evaluate the diagnostic and discriminative ability of these new criteria compared with the 1987 ACR criteria and the Visser decision rule. 455 patients with early arthritis were studied. The ...
Anderson James R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Loss of sensory function in scar after burn is common, although the basis for this loss is not clear. Additionally, little is known about the effects of different treatment modalities on sensory function and neuroanatomical outcomes in burn patients. Here, we investigated the effects of the use of the ...
Gökçay Figen - - 2011
To assess the clinical patterns of neurologic involvement and the frequencies and characteristics of different types of headaches in patients with Behçet disease. Total 530 patients with Behçet disease were evaluated for the presence of neurologic involvement and/or headache. Of the 54 patients (10.2%) with neurological involvement, 36 (66.7%) had ...
Lin Chi-Maw - - 2011
Abstract Conclusion. The inner ear monitoring system is useful for identifying the affected branches of the vestibular nerve in cases of vestibular neuritis, providing insight about the interval for the relief of vertigo. Objective: This study conducted an inner ear monitoring system including audiometry, and caloric, ocular vestibular evoked myogenic ...
Taskaynatan Mehmet A - - 2011
Although the use of ultrasound (US) to perform suprascapular nerve block (SsNB) is rapidly gaining popularity, information about its accuracy is still lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the proximity of the needle to suprascapular nerve under US guidance by means of neurostimulation current intensity in SsNB. ...
Ekstrand Ylva - - 2011
Background. Increasing evidence points to a potential role for members of the transient receptor potential family of cation channels on several features of asthmatic disease. The cough sensitivity to inhaled capsaicin is known to reflect the reactivity of these airway sensory nerves. Objective. The aim was to study, among patients ...
Singh Dilip - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Spirometry is the most common test recommended to monitor respiratory dysfunction in patients of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, the test depends on the patient's efforts and may be difficult to conduct in patients with faciobulbar weakness. We aimed to study the role of phrenic nerve-electrophysiological studies to predict ...
Rowe F - - 2011
Occurrence of ocular motor cranial nerve palsies (OMCNP), following stroke, has not been reported in relation to the type of OMCNP seen and in relation to brain area affected by stroke. The aim of this study was to identify all patients referred with suspected visual impairment to establish the presence ...
Kästel T - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MRN is an emerging diagnostic method for disorders of peripheral nerves. However, it is unclear whether the influence of the MA on intraneural T2 signal is severe enough to provoke false-positive findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five healthy subjects underwent MRN of the sciatic nerve of the proximal ...
Koike Haruki - - 2011
Transthyretin (TTR) Val30Met-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP ATTR Val30Met) is the most common form of FAP and is now prevalent in areas other than those seen within conventional endemic foci. We investigated 15 patients with FAP ATTR Val30Met without a family history of FAP who were referred for sural nerve ...
Hansson Emma - - 2011
Abstract Dercum's disease is characterised by pronounced pain in the adipose tissue and a number of associated symptoms and is, in most patients, accompanied by obesity. Postoperative sensory change after liposuction is a well-known side effect, and probably caused by mechanical trauma to the nerves. The aim of this investigation ...
Taneda K - - 2011
Background:  Psoriasis is a complex, multifactorial inflammatory skin disease with genetic and environmental interactions. Patients with psoriasis exhibit erythematous plaques with itch, but the mechanisms of psoriatic itch are poorly understood. Objectives:  This study was performed to investigate epidermal nerve density and opioid receptor levels in psoriatic skin with or ...
Tang Hao - - 2011
Objective: To discuss the method of functional reconstruction of ischemic contracture in the lower limb and propose a classification protocol for ischemic contracture in the lower limb based on its severity and prognosis. Methods: A total of 42 patients with ischemic contracture in the lower limb were included in this ...
Pilo Belen - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal-recessive disease due to mutations of the 27α-hydroxylase. It is characterized by cataracts, xanthomas, and neurological manifestations. Polyneuropathy has been reported, although it is unclear whether it is axonal or demyelinating. Methods: We report clinical and neurophysiological results of 13 patients with CTX ...
Feliciano David V - - 2011
Thyroidectomy continues to be the least common form of therapy for Graves' disease in the US, presumably based upon concerns about injuries to the recurrent laryngeal nerves and/or parathyroid glands. Concurrent and retrospective data were collected on 65 consecutive patients undergoing subtotal or total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease at one ...
Kesler Anat - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may represent a transition to early Alzheimer's disease (AD). The retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) is composed of axons originating in retinal ganglion cells that eventually form the optic nerves. Previous studies have shown that degenerative changes occur in optic nerve fibers and manifested as ...
Shimizu Toshio - - 2011
Abstract Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) shows peculiar abnormalities of the autonomic nervous system, including sympathetic hyperactivity, which might result in sudden death. In general, the sympathetic hyperactivity could be caused by disruption of vagal inhibition. Our objective was to evaluate the vagus nerve morphometrically in autopsy cases of ALS with ...
Jaggi Gregor Peter - - 2012
To report on the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) compared with controls without known optic nerve (ON) or intracranial disease. In 18 patients with NTG (mean age 64.9 ± 8.9 years; 7 women and 11 men), CT of the orbit was performed. 17 age- ...
Serrao Mariano - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Trigemino-cervical reflexes (TCRs) are electromyographic responses induced by electrical stimulation of the trigeminal nerve and recorded in the neck muscles. Trigemino-cervical reflexes are detectable in Parkinson's disease, whereas they are absent in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), an atypical parkinsonism associated with brainstem degeneration. To date, no study has investigated ...
Yu-Wai-Man P - - 2011
The majority of patients with autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA) harbour pathogenic OPA1 mutations. Although DOA is characterised by the preferential loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), about 20% of patients with OPA1 mutations will develop a more severe disease variant (DOA+), with additional neuromuscular features. In this prospective, observational ...
Koytak Pinar Kahraman - - 2011
Established electrophysiological methods have limited clinical utility in the diagnosis of small-fiber neuropathy (SFN). In this study, diabetic patients with clinically diagnosed SFN were evaluated with autonomic tests and cutaneous silent periods (CSPs). Thirty-one diabetic patients with clinically suspected SFN and normal nerve conduction studies were compared with 30 controls. ...
Lo Yew Long - - 2011
: The Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS) is a rare immune-mediated peripheral nerve disorder presenting with asymmetric upper limb sensory complaints and motor weakness. Asian patients with LSS have not been reported in the English literature. : Three Asian patients with features of LSS were prospectively studied. : Our patients tended to ...
Saeidi Morteza - - 2011
While the most common neurological disorder associated with Human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infection in the endemic areas is HTLV-1 associated myelopathy also know as tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), other disorders such as optic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy and cerebellar diseases have also been reported in patient with this infection. ...
Siu Gilbert - - 2011
Neurologic deficits and medical complications are common sequelae after intracranial hemorrhage. Among the medical complications, sympathetic storming is relatively rare. We describe a case of a patient with an acute right basal ganglia hemorrhage. During the patient's hospital course, he developed tachypnea, diaphoresis, hypertension, hyperthermia, and tachycardia for three consecutive ...
Klein Christopher J CJ Peripheral Nerve Research Laboratory, Department of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2011
Neuropathy is common in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM, an IgM-associated lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma) and in IgM-monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (IgM-MGUS). Paraneoplastic or paraimmune mechanisms are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of these neuropathies. Attempts at distinguishing WM and IgM-MGUS neuropathies are lacking especially among bone marrow (BM) confirmed patients. ...
Markowski Jarosław - - 2011
This study sought to assess the vestibulo-cochlear organ in patients meeting radiologic criteria of vascular compression syndrome (VCS) of the eighth cranial nerve. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 34 patients (18 women, 16 men; mean age, 49 years) treated in between 2000 and 2007, with VCS of the ...
Hejazi R A - - 2011
Background  Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) in adults is a disorder characterized by recurrent and stereotypic episodes of severe nausea and vomiting separated by symptom-free periods. Autonomic dysfunction has been a postulated mechanism for the pathogenesis of this disorder in children but has not been explored in adults. Methods  Our goals ...
van Swigchem Roos - - 2011
van Swigchem R, Weerdesteyn V, van Duijnhoven HJ, den Boer J, Beems T, Geurts AC. Near-normal gait pattern with peroneal electrical stimulation as a neuroprosthesis in the chronic phase of stroke: a case report. In recent years, the use of functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the peroneal nerve has increased ...
Mercelis Rudy - - 2011
Stimulated single-fiber electromyography (SSFEMG) is a valuable diagnostic tool in cases of myasthenia gravis with limited disease. From 1990 to 2008 SSFEMG in the orbicularis oculi muscle (OO) was performed in a cohort of 456 patients referred with clinical suspicion of myasthenia gravis (MG) and exclusively ocular symptoms. A diagnosis ...
Boykin Robert E - - 2011
HYPOTHESIS: Suprascapular neuropathy (SSN) is considered a rare condition, and few studies have analyzed how commonly it is encountered in practice. Electrophysiologic studies are the gold standard for diagnosis; however, there is no consensus on diagnostic criteria. We hypothesized that SSN would be frequently diagnosed by electrophysiologic testing in a ...
Lo Sui-Foon - - 2012
Similar unilateral neck and upper limb symptoms are often due to various entrapment neuropathies; carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and cervical radiculopathy (CR) are common causes among them. Therefore, we investigated the clinical characteristics and electrodiagnostic features of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, cervical radiculopathy, and both conditions, called double crush ...
Saidha Shiv S Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2011
Optical coherence tomography studies in multiple sclerosis have primarily focused on evaluation of the retinal nerve fibre layer. The aetiology of retinal changes in multiple sclerosis is thought to be secondary to optic nerve demyelination. The objective of this study was to use optical coherence tomography to determine if a ...
Lehky T J - - 2011
Tandutinib (MLN 518, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA) is an orally active multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is currently under evaluation for the treatment of glioblastoma and has been used in the treatment of leukemia. In prior clinical and animal studies, a dose-dependent muscular weakness has been observed with this drug, ...
Jung Jong Jin - - 2011
To investigate the clinical manifestations and diagnoses of optic disc swelling. The medical records of 49 patients who experienced optic disc swelling between March 2008 and June 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. The characteristics of non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-AION) and optic neuritis (ON), which showed optic disc swelling most ...
Schulze Andreas - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic ability of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) measurements in glaucoma patients, patients with ocular hypertension, and normal subjects. METHODS: Ninety-three participants with open-angle glaucoma (OAG), 58 patients with ocular hypertension (OHT), and 60 healthy control subjects were included in the study. All study participants underwent ...
Eker Alper - - 2011
Brucellar cervical spondylodiscitis and epidural abscess are serious medical conditions that can cause permanent neurological deficits. Fortunately, they are rare. We report a 34-year-old male patient, complaining of fever and neck pain and stiffness, with increased deep tendon reflexes. A lumbar puncture was normal. Brucella species organisms were isolated from ...
Abreu-Velez Ana Maria - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Endemic pemphigus foliaceus (EPF), is also known as "fogo selvagem" or "wild fire," reflecting the intense burning sensation of the skin reported by patients with this disease. Based on this finding, we tested for neural autoreactivity in patients affected by a new variant of EPF (El Bagre-EPF). METHODS: We ...
Basani Shailesh R - - 2011
Legionnaires' disease is primarily a pneumonic process caused by Legionella pneumophilia, a gram-negative aerobic bacillus but also has multiple system involvement. The most common manifestation is encephalopathy suggesting a generalized brain dysfunction but focal neurological manifestations have been reported. We report a patient with Legionella pneumonia associated with cerebellar dysfunction ...
Cheah Benjamin C - - 2011
Abstract Our objective was to evaluate the neurophysiological index (NI) as a biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to assess the validity of linear mixed effects models for describing longitudinal changes. Functional assessment and nerve conduction studies were undertaken in 58 ALS patients. Neurophysiological data were collected on four ...
Chitambira Benjamin - - 2011
Background and purpose: The objective of this case series is to report on the use of an optokinetic chart stimulation intervention to restore voluntary movement, postural control and mobility in acute stroke patients and one post intensive care polyneuropathy patient. Method: An optokinetic chart was moved in front of the ...
Park Susanna B - - 2011
Oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy is a significant and dose-limiting toxicity that adversely affects quality of life. However, the long-term neurological sequelae have not been adequately described. The present study aimed to describe the natural history of oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy, using subjective and objective assessments. From a population of 108 oxaliplatin-treated patients referred for ...
Oka Nobuyuki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to clarify the differences in the pathogenesis of neuropathy between myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)-positive and -negative patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). Eight MPO-ANCA-positive and 14 MPO-ANCA-negative patients were included. In addition to the standard histology, nerve biopsies were examined, employing immunohistochemistry for eosinophil major ...
Casanova-Molla Jordi - - 2011
This study analyzed the relationship between the density of intraepidermal nerve fibers (IENF) and the characteristics of either nociceptive laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) or contact heat-evoked potentials (CHEPs) in patients with painful sensory polyneuropathy with the aim to determine which parameters of LEPs and CHEPs more reliably reflect IENF loss. A ...
Ngo Kenneth T - - 2010
Two patients with recalcitrant unilateral heel pain and plantar fasciitis were referred for electrodiagnostic evaluation. They both reported constant, sharp, unilateral medial heel pain, with nocturnal symptoms, as well as exacerbation by weight-bearing activities. Examination of both patients demonstrated focal medial heel tenderness and a Tinel sign over the tarsal ...
Lladó Laura - - 2010
Recent reports of the transmission of systemic transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis after domino liver transplantation (DLT) using grafts from patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) have raised concerns about the procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the transmission incidence of systemic TTR amyloidosis after DLT with a complete ...
Lladó Laura - - 2010
Recent reports of the transmission of systemic transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis after domino liver transplantation (DLT) using grafts from patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP) have raised concerns about the procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the transmission incidence of systemic TTR amyloidosis after DLT with a complete ...
Kim Won Ho - - 2011
The target in the thoracic sympathetic ganglion block (TSGB) is the anterior edge of the costovertebral articulation along the lateral surface of vertebral bodies T2-4. The present study attempts to determine an optimal safe angle for fluoroscopy in fluoroscope-assisted TSGB through the use of chest CT scan images. Additionally, we ...
Landerholm Asa H - - 2011
Eighteen patients with peripheral neuropathic pain (PNeP) and seven patients with central post-stroke pain (CPSP) all suffering from dynamic mechanical allodynia (DMA) in a limb were studied. From recent research it is reasonable to suggest that A-beta fibres constitute the peripheral substrate for DMA in patients with PNeP. The pathophysiological ...
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