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Results 501 - 550 of 835
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Morris G N - - 1996
We have investigated the force required to remove lumbar extradural catheters from 88 parturients to determine the effects of patient positioning at removal, relative to the position at insertion. Parturients were allocated randomly to one of four groups: LS (lateral insertion, sitting withdrawal), LL (lateral insertion, flexed lateral withdrawal), SL ...
Cheng T J - - 1996
Our initial 2-year experience using a new technique of nasoduodenal feeding tube placement with a soft nasogastric tube is presented. This technique was used for patients with major burns to initiate early, safe enteral feeding. With the use of double loops in the tube and endoscopic assistance, the placement of ...
Lang D J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the incidence of false-negative and false-positive results when the self-inflating bulb (SIB) is used to differentiate tracheal from esophageal intubation in morbidly obese patients using two techniques. In technique 1, the SIB is compressed before it is connected to the tube; in technique ...
Harcourt J P - - 1996
We describe a procedure to plicate the epiglottis into a vertical tube to prevent soiling of the airway due to intractable aspiration. The procedure is combined with an extensive cricopharyngeal myotomy. This technique allows laryngeal speech, even with a tracheostomy, and in some patients may allow the reversal of the ...
Tazawa Y - - 1996
To clarify the relationship between idiopathic neonatal hepatitis and feeding type, that is, formula-milk feeding and breast-milk feeding, the medical records of 100 patients (68 male and 32 female babies) with idiopathic neonatal hepatitis of non-familial form referred to the medical centers of Akita University and Tohoku University during the ...
Brownstein D - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the experience of an emergency medical services system with the use of liberal indications for prehospital pediatric endotracheal intubation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of prehospital and hospital patient records in an urban and suburban prehospital care system. The study included all children aged 15 ...
Bert F - - 1996
Nosocomial sinusitis is a complication of endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients. Its incidence is often underestimated because of a lack of clinical signs. It is suspected in patients with nasal discharge or unexplained fever. Its diagnosis is based on radiological examination, by radiograph or computed tomography ...
van Heurn L W - - 1996
The tracheas of 12 patients who had undergone autopsies after percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy (PDT) were analyzed macroscopically and microscopically. The puncture site of the trachea varied from just below the cricoid cartilage (two patients) to below the third ring (three patients). A fracture of one or more tracheal rings was ...
Rodman D P - - 1996
Adequate nutritional support is an important aspect of the care of all patients. Enteral nutritional support accesses the gastrointestinal tract and includes both oral supplementation and tube-feeding techniques. Enteral nutritional support should be considered when a patient has functioning intestines but cannot or will not eat. Most patients require a ...
Paz H L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine if successful attempts at feeding tube placement into the small bowel could be increased with the use of a weighted end or by pre-treatment with a drug to increase gastric motility. DESIGN: A prospective randomized control study, double blinded for a drug study drug, in a population ...
Chisholm B B - - 1996
PURPOSE: This report evaluates the efficacy of the modified supratrichial brow lift technique. The indications for the procedure, as well as the advantages, effectiveness, and complications are reviewed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-six modified supratrichial brow lift procedures were performed bilaterally on 34 female and two male patients. The procedure was ...
Benumof J L - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the improvement in laryngoscopic view obtained using both the Macintosh and Miller blades by applying optimal external laryngeal manipulation (OELM). DESIGN: Prospective, with each patient serving as his or her own control. SETTING: Inpatient operating rooms of a University Medical Center. PATIENTS: 181 informed and consenting ...
Morlet N - - 1996
1. Patients that have difficulties with drop application may have poor compliance with therapy. We studied the effectiveness of teaching a technique of drop administration that allows the patient to steady the hand and observe the dropper tip during application. 2. Comparing the group taught the technique of application with ...
Kazerooni E A - - 1996
PURPOSE: To describe the risks of transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA) in a population of patients with severe lung disease: candidates for lung transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight of 190 patients evaluated for lung transplantation underwent TTNA of nine pulmonary nodules (mean diameter, 14 mm; range, 0.8 to 2.2 cm). We ...
Lacoste L - - 1996
After thyroidectomy, the anesthesiologist usually performs a laryngoscopy to detect laryngeal edema and nerve palsies. The goal of this study was to compare three different methods of laryngeal examination after tracheal extubation of the patients. For that purpose, between 1990 and 1995, a prospective series of 1608 patients operated for ...
Tolep K - - 1996
Several studies have suggested that swallowing dysfunction and pulmonary aspiration occur in patients receiving prolonged ventilation. However, the incidence of swallowing dysfunction, its rate of resolution, and the sensitivity of tests used to characterize swallowing abnormalities are not well defined. The goals of our study were to evaluate swallowing function ...
Gray R R - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of performing percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) on an outpatient basis in a select group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 6 years, 60 PCN procedures were performed in a subgroup of 48 patients (22 men, 26 women) carefully selected from a larger group of 881 nephrostomy ...
Kruk-Jeromin J - - 1996
Eight patients with male pseudohermaphroditism were treated between the years 1988-1994. They showed various physical-sexual anomalies. In 4 patients the existing penis was lengthened, the urethra was created and the split scrotum was fused. In the 4 remaining patients a new penis was created from lateral groin or abdominal tubed ...
Bahruth A J - - 1996
Application of the topical anesthetic cream to the antecubital fossa 60 minutes before insertion of the peripherally inserted central catheters resulted in significant vasoconstriction and/or vasospasm in 24 patients. Catheter insertion was difficult in all 24 patients. Advancement of the peripherally inserted central catheter was impossible in six patients. Of ...
Woratyla S P - - 1995
An analysis of 125 patients with closed head injury was completed in order to identify the risk factors involved in the development of early pneumonia. Pneumonia was diagnosed in 60% of the patients. Early pneumonia developed in 47.8% of the patients. Brain-injured patients who developed early pneumonia were found to ...
Stanley G D - - 1995
We investigated the incidence of postoperative laryngeal incompetence in 40 patients undergoing lower limb arthroplasty. Patients were randomly allocated to one of two groups using a standardised general anaesthetic/muscle relaxant technique; in group A the patients' lungs were ventilated via a laryngeal mask airway and in group B via a ...
Masin J S - - 1995
Children with IgG2 deficiency commonly develop recurrent acute otitis media. It is believed that these infections are secondary to impaired antibody response rather than eustachian tube dysfunction and are therefore less responsive to treatment with tympanostomy tubes. The authors compared the incidence of acute otitis media in IgG2-deficient patients following ...
Mazzini L - - 1995
Bulbar involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is often related to a worse prognosis on account of the higher risk of pulmonary aspiration and undernutrition due to dysphagia. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of enteral feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in a long-term follow-up ...
Heffner J E - - 1995
The incidence of recurrent pneumothoraces was analyzed in mechanically ventilated patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or non-ARDS causes of respiratory failure who had ipsilateral chest tubes in place. The radiographs of 39 consecutive patients with 47 initial pneumothoraces were evaluated for pneumothorax recurrence and chest tube positioning, ...
Kingdom T T - - 1995
The transoral-transpharyngeal approach is a reliable and technically sound method for gaining anterior extradural exposure to the craniocervical junction. We report 23 patients undergoing this approach for pathology lying between the inferior clivus and third cervical vertebra. Pathology included 6 patients with congenital malformations of the odontoid process, 4 patients ...
Zwas F R - - 1995
Intubation of the ileum during colonoscopy, although well described, is not routinely performed. It can establish the completeness of colonoscopic examinations and is useful in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease. However, the diagnostic utility of routine ileoscopy during all colonoscopic procedures has not been well studied. We prospectively evaluated ...
Hung O R - - 1995
Lightwands have been used to assist in the tracheal intubation of patients with difficult airways for many years. A new lightwand (Trachlight) with a brighter light source and a flexible stylet permits both oral and nasal intubation under ambient light. This study reports the effectiveness of the Trachlight in tracheal ...
Brimacombe J - - 1995
The laryngeal mask airway (LMA) provides a view of the larynx and moving vocal cords without loss of airway control and can be used in flexible fibreoptic bronchoscopy for both anaesthetized and awake patients. In this retrospective review of 200 consecutive patients over a 30 month period, bronchoscopy was successful ...
Konrad F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether reduced bronchial mucus transport velocity (BTV) is associated with a loss of cilia or ultrastructural abnormalities of cilia in intubated patients. DESIGN: The patients were studied prospectively in a convenience sample trial. SETTING: The study took place in a university ...
Avrahami E - - 1995
Even when performed by an experienced physician, endotracheal intubation is more traumatic than previously supposed. Following emergency intubation, patients have little probability of having a normal larynx. One-hundred patients underwent CT scan of the larynx 6 months or more following endotracheal intubation of short duration (up to 8 h). Ten ...
Cummins A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the structure and function of the small intestine before and after enteral feeding given via a percutaneous feeding gastrostomy (PEG). It is not known whether this method of feeding provides a good luminal drive to the small intestine. METHODS: Studies were ...
Matton G E - - 1995
A new type of V- or W-shaped intralesional incision for tissue expander insertion is presented. The experience with 50 of these incisions in 36 consecutive patients in the period 1990-93 without any complication has proved the safety of this approach and the advantages of V- or W-shaped incisions over tangential ...
Chen K P - - 1995
Anesthesia with one-lung ventilation is a good anesthetic technique for patients receiving thoracotomy in various underlying diseases. One lung ventilation can be achieved successfully by the application of a double-lumen endotracheal tube through the oral route. However, there are several situations such as low body weight, young age, difficult intubation, ...
Wu R S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Endotracheal intubation may induce vagal mediated bronchoconstriction. As fenoterol possesses bronchodilation effects, we studied the efficacy of fenoterol pretreatment on the increased resistance of total respiratory system (Rrs) caused by reflex bronchoconstriction in endotracheal intubation. METHODS: Fifty patients were randomly allocated into two groups; group A (n = 25) ...
Samarkandi A H - - 1995
The pediatric laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a scale-down version of the adult form, and no direct postmortem specimen work has been performed so far. There are several anatomical differences between pediatric and adult airways, and hence, the scale-down version of the adult LMA is not necessarily water-tight in pediatric ...
Shorten G D - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare laryngoscopic appearance obtained during flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy with the patient's atlanto-occipital joint in the neutral and extended positions. DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial with each patient (in the neutral position) acting as his or her own control. SETTING: University teaching hospital. PATIENTS: 20 adult ASA physical status ...
Driscoll B P - - 1995
Of the 250,000 survivors of the polio epidemics, approximately 25% experience progressive muscle weakness known as postpolio syndrome (PPS). Laryngeal function in postpolio patients previously has not been studied. This paper presents data detailing laryngeal function in a group of postpolio patients who had been evaluated for swallowing complaints. Nine ...
Kirvelä M - - 1995
We have studied cardiovascular and catecholamine responses to induction of anaesthesia and tracheal intubation in 13 patients with diabetic nephropathy, in 12 patients with uraemia of other origin and in 12 ASA I control patients. All uraemic patients were undergoing renal transplantation. Cardiovascular autonomic function tests indicated that severe autonomic ...
Jain A K - - 1995
Responses to double burst stimulation were palpated every 15 s after intravenous administration of vecuronium 0.2 mg.kg-1 in 60 adult patients under anaesthesia. Intubating conditions and neuromuscular responses to tracheal intubation were assessed at disappearance of one or both palpable responses to double burst stimulation in groups of 30 patients ...
Neumann S - - 1995
The results of swallowing therapy in 58 patients with neurologic disorders are presented. All patients received tube feeding, either partially or exclusively, at admission, and successful outcomes, defined as exclusively oral feeding, were achieved in 67% of patients over a median treatment interval of 15 weeks. A subset of 11 ...
Dierdorf S F - - 1995
The flexible fiberoptic laryngoscope is an excellent instrument for performing tracheal intubation in patients with abnormal upper airway anatomy. In order to prepare to use the fiberscope for the infrequent patient with a "difficult" airway, the anesthesiologist must initially learn and practice the technique in patients with normal anatomy. Orotracheal ...
Broscious S K - - 1995
Patients in critical care units are at risk for an altered nutritional status related to the increased nutritional demands of illness and the fact that many patients are unable to eat for a variety of reasons. The percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube is an alternative to gastrostomy tube placement to provide ...
Nijhawan S - - 1995
Fifteen patients with achalasia cardia underwent pneumatic dilatation using an indigenous pneumatic dilator. The dilator was prepared using a Levin's tube, latex condoms and silk cloth and was introduced under vision with the help of an endoscope. Clinical improvement was seen in all the patients whereas radiological improvement occurred in ...
Wafai Y - - 1995
The esophageal tracheal Combitube (ETC; Sheridan Catheter Corporation, Argyle, NY) is a twin-lumen tube used to establish emergency ventilation. After blind placement, ventilation is performed via the proximal lumen if it is in the esophagus or via the distal lumen if it is in the trachea. This investigation was designed ...
Fujii Y - - 1995
The effects of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion and tracheal intubation on circulatory responses were studied in normotensive (n = 24) and hypertensive (n = 22) patients. In a randomized, double-blind manner, LMA insertion or tracheal intubation was performed after induction of anaesthesia with thiopentone and muscle relaxation with succinylcholine. ...
Morton R P - - 1994
Middle ear effusion is a common occurrence in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, and is often treated by myringotomy and ventilation tube insertion. However, this can be complicated by a high rate of otorrhoea after radiotherapy. The natural history and management of middle ear effusion was examined in this retrospective study of 81 ...
James C M - - 1994
We conducted a point prevalence study of motor neurone disease in the counties of South Glamorgan, Mid Glamorgan and Gwent, whose combined population is estimated at 1,394,400. A total of 56 patients were identified, giving a point prevalence for motor neurone disease in this area of 4.02/100,000 on 22/06/92. These ...
Balcom C - - 1994
The endotracheal intubation of a patient for surgery requires an anaesthetist who is aided by a skilled and experienced helper. This paper explores reasons why some patients are difficult to intubate. Some are predictable on pre-operative assessment and others are not. Suggestions are given on how the helper is useful ...
Edwards N D - - 1994
The incidence of myocardial ischaemia during tracheal intubation and extubation was compared using ambulatory ECG monitoring in 60 patients undergoing a variety of different surgical operations. Seven patients had myocardial ischaemia after tracheal intubation and seven patients during tracheal extubation. The patients who developed myocardial ischaemia during tracheal extubation had ...
Santos P M - - 1994
A prospective study evaluated potential risk factors associated with laryngeal injury after prolonged endotracheal tube intubation for longer than 3 days. Ninety-seven patients were evaluated after oral endotracheal tube intubation (mean, 9 days). This study updates a previously reported evaluation of 44 patients. The additional sample size has provided findings ...
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