Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 906
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Roger G - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the need for a tracheotomy and its timing during the evolution of an association of malformations, including coloboma, heart defects, choanal atresia, developmental and growth retardation, genitourinary malformation, and ear anomalies (CHARGE association). DESIGN: Retrospective study from January 1988 through December 1997. SETTING: Four academic tertiary care ...
Fuchs G - - 1999
In patients with lesions of the cervical spine, direct laryngoscopy for endotracheal intubation entails the risk of injuring the spinal cord. In an attempt to avoid this complication, the authors used flexible fiberoptic nasal intubation in a series of 327 patients with cervical lesions undergoing elective neurosurgical procedures. The nasal ...
Tayal V S - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) is an active airway intervention used frequently in emergency medicine (EM). The authors hypothesized that RSI can be performed safely in the setting of an EM training program at a tertiary care center. METHODS: Observational study of RSI at an urban ED/Level 1 trauma center with ...
Laccourreye O - - 1999
The present prospective study was designed to analyze the results achieved with intracordal autologous fat injection for aspiration in a series of 20 patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis. Swallowing was documented by having each patient swallow puréed food colored with methylene blue during nasofibroscopy. No laryngeal adverse effects were ...
Schwager K - - 1999
Partial laryngeal resection often results in major aspiration problems, making larynx preservation during surgical removal of tumors of the oropharynx and hypopharynx impossible. However, free flaps can be used to reconstruct perilaryngeal tissue, thus preserving the larynx and ensuring a better quality of life for patients. We present the results ...
Bliss D Z - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is the most common infectious cause of nosocomial diarrhea, but its role in diarrhea associated with tube feeding has not been rigorously investigated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of C. difficile acquisition and C. difficile-associated diarrhea in tube-fed and non-tube-fed patients. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A ...
Asai T - - 1998
Insertion of the conventional laryngeal mask is more difficult or impossible when the patient's head and neck are in either the neutral or flexed position. The intubating laryngeal mask is best inserted when the patient's head is supported by a pillow, without placing the head and neck into the Magill ...
So J B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) is a relatively new method to deliver nutrition to patients with inadequate caloric intake who have a functionally intact gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 58 consecutive patients who were referred to the Surgical Endoscopy Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital for placement of ...
Kim E S - - 1998
We evaluated the effects of smoking history and albuterol treatment on the amplitude and frequency of cough during emergence from anesthesia. Before induction of anesthesia, 68 patients were randomized to receive two puffs of a placebo or two puffs of albuterol via a metered dose inhaler. Anesthesia was then induced ...
Durward A D - - 1998
The diagnoses, transfer, management and outcome of patients with upper airway obstruction (UAO) admitted from district general hospitals (DGH) to a regional paediatric intensive care unit were retrospectively reviewed over a 3.5-year period. Sixty-seven patient episodes were analysed. Fifty-two cases (78%) underwent tracheal intubation prior to transport with a low ...
Sing R F - - 1998
Airway control is the initial priority in the management of the injured patient. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the experience of an aeromedical transport team in the utilization of rapid sequence induction (RSI) for endotracheal intubation in the prehospital setting. Records of a consecutive series of injured ...
Cook T M - - 1998
A modified laryngeal mask airway was used to facilitate nasotracheal intubation with a fibreoptic laryngoscope. A size 4 laryngeal mask airway was modified by creating a defect at the base of the stem and removing the bars to allow passage of the fibreoptic laryngoscope from the nasopharynx to the larynx. ...
Muehlberger T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of burn patients with inhalation injuries incur difficulties with airway protection, dysphagia, and aspiration. In assessing the need for intubation in burn patients, the efficacy of fiberoptic laryngoscopy was compared with clinical findings and the findings of diagnostic tests, such as arterial blood gas analysis, measurement ...
Gelly A L AL Centre Hospitalier Anna Laberge, - - 1998
Thirty-seven patients underwent gastroscopy under pharyngeal anaesthesia with benzocaine-tetracaine (Endospray; Axcan Pharma). Patients recorded their perception of intubation, of the rest of the procedure, of taste and of throat well-being on visual analogue scales. Throat well-being and taste scores were better for men than for women. There was a strong ...
Gujjar A R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence, indication, and timing of intubation and outcome in patients with cerebral infarction (ISCH) and intracerebral hemorrhage (HEM) requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). BACKGROUND: Poor outcomes have been reported for ISCH patients requiring MV. Because the target population, pathophysiology, and management of ISCH and HEM patients differ ...
Reed R L RL - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Enteral nutrition is less expensive and often preferred to parenteral nutrition in the critically ill or injured patient. Gastric feedings are poorly tolerated in some patients, however, and postpyloric access is frequently difficult to obtain. In this report, we describe our experience with a new technique for bedside endoscopic ...
Asai T - - 1998
We studied the efficacy of the cuffed oropharyngeal airway in 100 patients. Insertion of the airway after induction of anaesthesia with propofol was easy in 95 of 100 patients, moderately difficult in four patients and failed in one patient. Complications, such as coughing, gagging or body movement, occurred during induction ...
Menzel L K - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among the intensity of intubated patients' negative emotional responses to being unable to speak and selected personal and situational variables. DESIGN: Prospective correlational. SETTING: Four intensive care units in a midwestern, university-affiliated medical center. PATIENTS: A convenience sample of ...
D'Antonio L L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: This study described the occurrence and expression of pharyngeal and laryngeal anomalies in a population of patients with oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using chart review, physical examination, and endoscopic evaluation of the pharynx and larynx, and perceptual and aerodynamic evaluation of speech for assessment of vocal tract ...
Polak J F - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We studied factors that affect satisfaction of patients who have undergone placement of peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) by interventional radiologists and patients' willingness to undergo placement of future PICCs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal prospective consecutive cohort study included 85 patients referred for PICC placement. A record ...
Huncke K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated a combined technique designed for procedures requiring intraoperative language mapping. We planned to induce general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation and hyperventilation and then to awaken and extubate the patient for speech testing. After the latter, endotracheal reintubation and general anesthesia were planned. METHODS: With the patient under ...
Verghese C - - 1998
We conducted a clinical comparison of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and the new single use PVC LMA (LMA-Unique) in 100 fasted adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Patients were allocated to one of two groups: group 1 (n = 50) was managed by two consultants and group 2 by two ...
Chui P T - - 1998
Ninety patients were assigned randomly in a double-blind manner to receive 0.9% sodium chloride, mivacurium 0.04 mg.kg-1 or mivacurium 0.08 mg.kg-1 intravenously, followed by propofol 2.5 mg.kg-1. A laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was inserted 90 s later. The LMA was positioned correctly during the first attempt in 87% of patients ...
Parr M J - - 1998
The use of the intubating laryngeal mask in three patients is described. In two patients for whom tracheal intubation using traditional techniques had failed, the intubating laryngeal mask was used to achieve successful tracheal intubation. The trachea of one of these patients was subsequently re-intubated for a second procedure using ...
Kakuya F - - 1998
The delivery of nitric oxide (NO) via a nasopharyngeal tube is an alternative to endotracheal intubation. A male infant with end-stage pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to a severe hypoplastic lung developed a PH crisis on day 145 and received NO inhalation via a nasopharyngeal tube. Clinical improvement was maintained for ...
Kleiner G I - - 1998
This two-year-old boy presented with a two-day history of vomiting and fever. He was diagnosed with acute otitis media four days before this incident. Repeated questioning revealed removal of a percutaneous enterostomy tube two weeks earlier with failure to pass the internal bumper in his stool. The child was in ...
Thomas B W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent insertion of nasogastric tubes into the trachea and distal airways is reported to range from 0.3% to 15% of insertions. Critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients are at a higher risk for such complications, some of which can be fatal. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary prospective clinical investigation was designed to ...
Taylor I N - - 1998
The success rate for insertion of the laryngeal mask airway was assessed in 60 patients using a target-controlled infusion of propofol. Eleven of 15 patients who received a target propofol concentration of 5 micrograms.ml-1 had the laryngeal mask inserted successfully within 3 min of induction of anaesthesia. Fourteen of 15 ...
Blostein P A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the use of the esophageal tracheal combitube (ETC) in trauma patients who fail orotracheal rapid sequence intubation (RSI). DESIGN: Prospective protocol design and retrospective chart review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flight nurses were trained in the use of the ETC by mannequin simulation, videotape review, and didactic sessions. ...
Samarkandi A H - - 1998
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that it is safer to remove the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) in paediatric patients when they are deeply anaesthetised than when they are awake. However, the evidence regarding this recommendation is contradictory. The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence of complications (laryngeal ...
Nunez J - - 1998
Previous studies reported that complications associated with removal of the laryngeal mask were more frequent in awake patients than in anaesthetised patients; however, these studies did not comply with the method described in the manufacturer's instruction manual. The reported incidences of regurgitation during the use of the laryngeal mask also ...
Wulffraat N M - - 1998
In this Grand Round, two children are described with atypical generalized scleroderma and severe failure to thrive. Neither had Raynaud's phenomenon nor evidence of gastrointestinal (GI) disease. Treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, prednisone, D-penicillamine, alpha and gamma interferon was unsuccessful in reversing the sclerodermatous changes and growth arrest. Dietary intake ...
Krasna M J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: 48 patients underwent TSSYM. Charts of patients undergoing thoracoscopy were reviewed to assess the safety and efficacy of thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TSSYM). DESIGN: A retrospective review was undertaken at four United States medical centers. RESULTS: TSSYM was performed for reflex sympathetic dystrophy in 27 patients, hyperhydrosis palmaris in 15 patients, ...
Schmidt U - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Recent literature suggests that patients who undergo emergent tube thoracostomy in the field are at increased risks for complications. This study evaluates indications, complications, and effectiveness of field placement of chest tubes by an aeromedical service. METHODS: In a prospective study, 624 consecutive patients with chest injuries (Abbreviated Injury ...
Rosenbower T J - - 1998
Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy was adopted at our institution, because it was demonstrated to be more cost effective than standard open tracheostomy in critically ill patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome and complication rate of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill patients. We performed a ...
Vartiainen E - - 1997
A retrospective study of 60 pediatric patients with dry tympanic membrane perforation undergoing type I tympanoplasty during a 15-year period was carried out. Seventy-seven percent of patients were followed up for 5 years. The overall success rate was 90%. All failures occurred in patients who previously had undergone adenoidectomy or ...
Yokochi K - - 1997
Oral motor patterns during feeding were investigated in 58 patients with severe physical disability. Five patients showed a pattern resembling sucking. Twenty-nine exhibited an up-and-down movement of the jaw and protrusion of the tongue. Among these, the mouth opened when the food entered and the lips closed before swallowing in ...
Giraud O - - 1997
PURPOSE: To test the efficacy of the LMA in patients with previous oral or cervical radiotherapy, without upper airway obstruction. METHODS: In nine patients after oral or cervical radiotherapy, efficiency of ventilation was assessed after induction of general anaesthesia and LMA insertion. Fibreoptic examination through the tube was performed to ...
Kapila A - - 1997
A new prototype of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA), the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA), was used to facilitate tracheal intubation in 100 fasted patients presenting for elective surgery. Alignment of the ILMA with the larynx was assessed fibreoptically before intubation without the investigator performing the intubation being aware of ...
Bandla H P - - 1997
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in infants. METHODS: Observations were made in 19 consecutive infants undergoing FOB under general anaesthesia (GA) plus topical local anaesthesia. Anaesthesia was induced with N2O, O2, and halothane or sevoflurane except ...
Labadi M H - - 1997
This is a report of two patients with leech inhalation. The first patient presented with severe attacks of inspiratory stridor, cyanosis and cough of five days duration. He had no fever. Indirect laryngoscopy revealed a black, smooth foreign body between the vocal folds. Lateral soft tissue X-ray of the neck ...
Altman K W - - 1997
We reviewed the 9 year experience at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with patients requiring tracheotomy for a diagnosis of congenital airway abnormalities. Of the 56 patients, 28 (50%) had cardiovascular, or chromosomal abnormalities, neurologic conditions, or congenital syndromes, 24 (43%) were born prematurely, and 13 (23%) were found to ...
Dunagan D P - - 1997
Sand and foreign-body aspiration may accompany drowning and near-drowning, but few details regarding such patients are available in the literature. We report a 26-yr-old woman who suffered near-drowning after a motor-vehicle accident. Initial attempts at ventilation were compromised by increased peak airway pressures, which decreased following the removal of large ...
Rathgeber J - - 1997
The microbiological contamination of 250 breathing system tubes after use in anaesthesia circle systems with reduced fresh gas flow was investigated. The lungs of 50 patients were ventilated without any filtering device between the endotracheal tube and the Y-piece. A total of 51, 49 and 100 patients, respectively, were given ...
Bapat P P - - 1997
We studied the incidence of regurgitation in 100 patients undergoing elective gynecological laparoscopies under general anesthesia with intermittent positive pressure ventilation using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Patients ingested methylene blue capsules 10-15 min before induction of anesthesia. After induction and insertion of an LMA using the recommended insertion technique, ...
Higgins D M - - 1997
Patients with tracheostomy tubes have altered motor and sensory functions that may decrease their swallowing efficiency. Failure to recognize disorders in deglutition may result in dangerous complications including aspiration and death. Assessment of dysphagia is especially important in the patient transferred from the intensive care unit to the ward--where resources ...
Steelman R - - 1997
Aspiration of a foreign object is uncommon in a patient with a tracheostomy. The following case history describes the consequences of failure to diagnose an aspirated object and how the aspiration of an exfoliated tooth can occur despite the presence of a tracheostomy tube. Dentists play an important role in ...
Filomeno L T - - 1997
Due to our dissatisfaction with the mutilation caused by the skin-lined open thoracostomy, we have developed a dedicated prosthesis that is expected to avoid or to substitute for the classic operation. The prosthesis is a corrugated silicone tube with an oval flange at one end (to fix it internally) and ...
Krafft P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The esophageal-tracheal Combitube (Kendall-Sheridan Catheter Corp., Argyle, NY) is an effective device for providing adequate gas exchange. However, tracheal suctioning is impossible with the Combitube placed in the esophageal position. To eliminate this disadvantage, the Combitube was redesigned by creating an enlarged hole in the pharyngeal lumen that allows ...
Akpunonu B E - - 1997
Dysphagia frequently follows stroke, but often resolves quickly. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or other feeding tubes are placed to improve nutrition and hydration, and reduce the risk of aspiration pneumonitis. We evaluated the impact of modified barium swallow in determining PEG placements and the influence of specific swallowing abnormalities on ...
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