Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 886
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Huncke K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated a combined technique designed for procedures requiring intraoperative language mapping. We planned to induce general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation and hyperventilation and then to awaken and extubate the patient for speech testing. After the latter, endotracheal reintubation and general anesthesia were planned. METHODS: With the patient under ...
Verghese C - - 1998
We conducted a clinical comparison of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and the new single use PVC LMA (LMA-Unique) in 100 fasted adult patients undergoing elective surgery. Patients were allocated to one of two groups: group 1 (n = 50) was managed by two consultants and group 2 by two ...
Chui P T - - 1998
Ninety patients were assigned randomly in a double-blind manner to receive 0.9% sodium chloride, mivacurium 0.04 mg.kg-1 or mivacurium 0.08 mg.kg-1 intravenously, followed by propofol 2.5 mg.kg-1. A laryngeal mask airway (LMA) was inserted 90 s later. The LMA was positioned correctly during the first attempt in 87% of patients ...
Parr M J - - 1998
The use of the intubating laryngeal mask in three patients is described. In two patients for whom tracheal intubation using traditional techniques had failed, the intubating laryngeal mask was used to achieve successful tracheal intubation. The trachea of one of these patients was subsequently re-intubated for a second procedure using ...
Kakuya F - - 1998
The delivery of nitric oxide (NO) via a nasopharyngeal tube is an alternative to endotracheal intubation. A male infant with end-stage pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to a severe hypoplastic lung developed a PH crisis on day 145 and received NO inhalation via a nasopharyngeal tube. Clinical improvement was maintained for ...
Kleiner G I - - 1998
This two-year-old boy presented with a two-day history of vomiting and fever. He was diagnosed with acute otitis media four days before this incident. Repeated questioning revealed removal of a percutaneous enterostomy tube two weeks earlier with failure to pass the internal bumper in his stool. The child was in ...
Thomas B W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent insertion of nasogastric tubes into the trachea and distal airways is reported to range from 0.3% to 15% of insertions. Critically ill, mechanically ventilated patients are at a higher risk for such complications, some of which can be fatal. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary prospective clinical investigation was designed to ...
Taylor I N - - 1998
The success rate for insertion of the laryngeal mask airway was assessed in 60 patients using a target-controlled infusion of propofol. Eleven of 15 patients who received a target propofol concentration of 5 micrograms.ml-1 had the laryngeal mask inserted successfully within 3 min of induction of anaesthesia. Fourteen of 15 ...
Blostein P A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the use of the esophageal tracheal combitube (ETC) in trauma patients who fail orotracheal rapid sequence intubation (RSI). DESIGN: Prospective protocol design and retrospective chart review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Flight nurses were trained in the use of the ETC by mannequin simulation, videotape review, and didactic sessions. ...
Samarkandi A H - - 1998
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that it is safer to remove the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) in paediatric patients when they are deeply anaesthetised than when they are awake. However, the evidence regarding this recommendation is contradictory. The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence of complications (laryngeal ...
Nunez J - - 1998
Previous studies reported that complications associated with removal of the laryngeal mask were more frequent in awake patients than in anaesthetised patients; however, these studies did not comply with the method described in the manufacturer's instruction manual. The reported incidences of regurgitation during the use of the laryngeal mask also ...
Wulffraat N M - - 1998
In this Grand Round, two children are described with atypical generalized scleroderma and severe failure to thrive. Neither had Raynaud's phenomenon nor evidence of gastrointestinal (GI) disease. Treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, prednisone, D-penicillamine, alpha and gamma interferon was unsuccessful in reversing the sclerodermatous changes and growth arrest. Dietary intake ...
Krasna M J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: 48 patients underwent TSSYM. Charts of patients undergoing thoracoscopy were reviewed to assess the safety and efficacy of thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TSSYM). DESIGN: A retrospective review was undertaken at four United States medical centers. RESULTS: TSSYM was performed for reflex sympathetic dystrophy in 27 patients, hyperhydrosis palmaris in 15 patients, ...
Schmidt U - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Recent literature suggests that patients who undergo emergent tube thoracostomy in the field are at increased risks for complications. This study evaluates indications, complications, and effectiveness of field placement of chest tubes by an aeromedical service. METHODS: In a prospective study, 624 consecutive patients with chest injuries (Abbreviated Injury ...
Rosenbower T J - - 1998
Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy was adopted at our institution, because it was demonstrated to be more cost effective than standard open tracheostomy in critically ill patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome and complication rate of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in critically ill patients. We performed a ...
Vartiainen E - - 1997
A retrospective study of 60 pediatric patients with dry tympanic membrane perforation undergoing type I tympanoplasty during a 15-year period was carried out. Seventy-seven percent of patients were followed up for 5 years. The overall success rate was 90%. All failures occurred in patients who previously had undergone adenoidectomy or ...
Yokochi K - - 1997
Oral motor patterns during feeding were investigated in 58 patients with severe physical disability. Five patients showed a pattern resembling sucking. Twenty-nine exhibited an up-and-down movement of the jaw and protrusion of the tongue. Among these, the mouth opened when the food entered and the lips closed before swallowing in ...
Giraud O - - 1997
PURPOSE: To test the efficacy of the LMA in patients with previous oral or cervical radiotherapy, without upper airway obstruction. METHODS: In nine patients after oral or cervical radiotherapy, efficiency of ventilation was assessed after induction of general anaesthesia and LMA insertion. Fibreoptic examination through the tube was performed to ...
Kapila A - - 1997
A new prototype of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA), the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA), was used to facilitate tracheal intubation in 100 fasted patients presenting for elective surgery. Alignment of the ILMA with the larynx was assessed fibreoptically before intubation without the investigator performing the intubation being aware of ...
Bandla H P - - 1997
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in infants. METHODS: Observations were made in 19 consecutive infants undergoing FOB under general anaesthesia (GA) plus topical local anaesthesia. Anaesthesia was induced with N2O, O2, and halothane or sevoflurane except ...
Labadi M H - - 1997
This is a report of two patients with leech inhalation. The first patient presented with severe attacks of inspiratory stridor, cyanosis and cough of five days duration. He had no fever. Indirect laryngoscopy revealed a black, smooth foreign body between the vocal folds. Lateral soft tissue X-ray of the neck ...
Altman K W - - 1997
We reviewed the 9 year experience at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with patients requiring tracheotomy for a diagnosis of congenital airway abnormalities. Of the 56 patients, 28 (50%) had cardiovascular, or chromosomal abnormalities, neurologic conditions, or congenital syndromes, 24 (43%) were born prematurely, and 13 (23%) were found to ...
Dunagan D P - - 1997
Sand and foreign-body aspiration may accompany drowning and near-drowning, but few details regarding such patients are available in the literature. We report a 26-yr-old woman who suffered near-drowning after a motor-vehicle accident. Initial attempts at ventilation were compromised by increased peak airway pressures, which decreased following the removal of large ...
Rathgeber J - - 1997
The microbiological contamination of 250 breathing system tubes after use in anaesthesia circle systems with reduced fresh gas flow was investigated. The lungs of 50 patients were ventilated without any filtering device between the endotracheal tube and the Y-piece. A total of 51, 49 and 100 patients, respectively, were given ...
Bapat P P - - 1997
We studied the incidence of regurgitation in 100 patients undergoing elective gynecological laparoscopies under general anesthesia with intermittent positive pressure ventilation using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA). Patients ingested methylene blue capsules 10-15 min before induction of anesthesia. After induction and insertion of an LMA using the recommended insertion technique, ...
Higgins D M - - 1997
Patients with tracheostomy tubes have altered motor and sensory functions that may decrease their swallowing efficiency. Failure to recognize disorders in deglutition may result in dangerous complications including aspiration and death. Assessment of dysphagia is especially important in the patient transferred from the intensive care unit to the ward--where resources ...
Steelman R - - 1997
Aspiration of a foreign object is uncommon in a patient with a tracheostomy. The following case history describes the consequences of failure to diagnose an aspirated object and how the aspiration of an exfoliated tooth can occur despite the presence of a tracheostomy tube. Dentists play an important role in ...
Filomeno L T - - 1997
Due to our dissatisfaction with the mutilation caused by the skin-lined open thoracostomy, we have developed a dedicated prosthesis that is expected to avoid or to substitute for the classic operation. The prosthesis is a corrugated silicone tube with an oval flange at one end (to fix it internally) and ...
Krafft P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The esophageal-tracheal Combitube (Kendall-Sheridan Catheter Corp., Argyle, NY) is an effective device for providing adequate gas exchange. However, tracheal suctioning is impossible with the Combitube placed in the esophageal position. To eliminate this disadvantage, the Combitube was redesigned by creating an enlarged hole in the pharyngeal lumen that allows ...
Akpunonu B E - - 1997
Dysphagia frequently follows stroke, but often resolves quickly. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or other feeding tubes are placed to improve nutrition and hydration, and reduce the risk of aspiration pneumonitis. We evaluated the impact of modified barium swallow in determining PEG placements and the influence of specific swallowing abnormalities on ...
de Jong A L - - 1997
Multiple congenital anomalies are closely linked to Down syndrome (trisomy 21). Cardiac malformations are found in 40% of patients, a large number of whom will require a major surgical procedure. The importance of postextubation stridor in these children is frequently underestimated. A retrospective review of 99 trisomy 21 patients who ...
Walner D L - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To describe a condition identified in the pediatric population that narrows the supraglottic larynx. This condition has been termed supraglottic stenosis/collapse. To discuss common factors present in these children and to examine potential causes of this specific condition. DESIGN: Retrospective review of patients with supraglottic stenosis/collapse from October 1985 ...
Rumbak M J - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that a tracheal tube occlusion protocol predicts clinically important obstruction to air flow in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation, making routine bronchoscopy unnecessary. DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of 75 patients who were clinically ready to be decannulated. All patients underwent the ...
Rosen C L - - 1997
Blind nasotracheal intubation (BNTI) is an effective procedure for the intubation of trauma patients. The presence of major facial trauma has been considered a relative contraindication due to the perceived risk of intracranial placement. The purpose of the present study was to assess the risk of intracranial placement in patients ...
Voyagis G S - - 1997
The incidence of difficulty in tracheal intubation in the presence of goiter was investigated. Data were collected in a series of 4742 consecutive adult patients undergoing general anesthesia. The prevalence of goiter was 6.8%. Fifteen anesthesiologists performed the preoperative airway assessment using standardized guidelines. Seven individual risk factors were correlated ...
Yamamoto K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: It is not always possible to predict when tracheal intubation will be difficult or impossible. The authors wanted to determine whether indirect laryngoscopy could identify patients in whom intubation was difficult. METHODS: Indirect laryngoscopy was done in 2,504 patients. The Wilson risk sum score and the modified Mallampati score ...
Raff T - - 1997
Aims of this retrospective study were: (1) to evaluate the feasibility of a protocol for early intragastric feeding: (2) to examine whether the caloric needs can be provided via the intragastric route within 72 h postburn; (3) to determine the influence of a delayed onset of feeding on the success ...
Patel N - - 1997
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tracheal intubating conditions and neuromuscular blocking characteristics of divided dose mivacurium or single dose rocuronium. METHODS: Thirty-two patients undergoing elective surgery were studied. Anaesthesia was with propofol 2 mg.kg-1, followed by an infusion of 150 micrograms.kg-1.min.1. Patients were randomized to receive either mivacurium-0.15 mg.kg-1 followed 30 ...
Brenner W - - 1997
In this study, an attempt was made to administer radioactive gas into the tympanic cavity to measure initial gas trappings as well as clearance from the middle ear to evaluate eustachian tube function. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were administered 50 MBq 133Xe gas. Three different methods for gas application were tested: ...
Mickelson S A - - 1997
A "permanent" skin-lined tracheostomy is used for patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome who fall, refuse, or can't tolerate continuous positive airway pressure. Closure of the stoma may be performed if the apnea has been controlled by surgeries that enlarge and stabilize the upper airway, if adequate weight loss ...
Hakala P - - 1997
Orotracheal fibreoptic intubation under general anaesthesia in children was studied in eleven consecutive patients of three months to eight-years-of-age without anticipated intubation difficulties. One case report is also included. Three fibrescopes with a different diameter were used in the study. The fibrescope used was chosen so that it fitted snugly ...
Seay S J - - 1997
There are times when a tracheostomy tube slips out of the trachea. A displaced tracheostomy tube can occur in any patient but is frequently seen in the patient with a full neck. In the overweight patient or patient with a full neck, the tracheostomy tube must pass through a greater ...
Bach J R - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare parameters that might predict successful translaryngeal extubation and tracheostomy tube decannulation. Irrespective of ventilatory function, 62 extubation/decannulation attempts were made on 49 consecutive patients with primarily neuromuscular ventilatory insufficiency who satisfied criteria. Thirty-four patients required 24-h ventilatory support. Noninvasive intermittent positive ...
van Heurn L W - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the late complications of percutaneous dilatational tracheotomy, particularly the incidence of tracheal stenosis and voice changes. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive clinical study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, the Netherlands. PATIENTS: Eighty consecutive patients who were successfully decannulated after percutaneous tracheotomy. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Fourteen patients died after decannulation, of ...
Kalliafas S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: To determine whether administration of erythromycin (E) could facilitate passage of a nasoenteric feeding tube into the duodenum for postpyloric feedings, this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients were accrued from the surgical intensive care units (ICUs) of a tertiary-care university hospital. Patients enrolled were categorized ...
Asai T - - 1996
In 12 patients to whom a non-depolarising neuromuscular relaxant had been given and in whom placement of the laryngeal mask had failed unexpectedly, the view of the larynx at laryngoscopy and the ease of tracheal intubation were examined. The glottis was only partially seen at laryngoscopy in three patients and ...
Neu B R BR Division of Plastic Surgery, North York General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 1996
This paper describes a suture technique to correct nasal tip cartilage concavities. Exposure is through an open rhinoplasty or cartilage delivery technique. The concave cartilage is tented upward from inside the nose to the desired contour. Interlocking mattress sutures are then inserted in a chain-link fashion to hold the cartilage ...
Burwell D R - - 1996
We pointed out in the first of these two articles that the commonest cause of an anaesthetic disaster in young healthy patients is a loss of airway patency then a failure to intubate occurring unexpectedly in the absence of head or neck pathology. Upper airway obstruction is a very common ...
Panda N K - - 1996
The use of endotracheal intubation for respiratory support of critically ill patients has become a standard life saving form of therapy. Most complications of intubation become apparent only after extubation which may manifest in the early or late post extubation period. This study was undertaken to demonstrate the occurrence and ...
McKinney P P Division of Plastic Surgery, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago Ill., - - 1996
Six patients with parotid pseudocysts following face lifts are reported. Insertion of a suction drain in three patients provided earlier resolution than repeated aspiration in the other three.
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