Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 907
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Peragallo R A - - 2000
Tracheal bronchus is a congenital anomaly in which the right upper lobe bronchus originates from the lateral tracheal wall. This anatomic variant is reported in approximately 1 of 250 patients at bronchoscopy. Although it is usually of little clinical significance, this atypical origin of the right upper lobe bronchus may ...
Stocchetti N - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effects of early translaryngeal tracheostomy on intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and jugular bulb saturation (SjO2); to identify the main mechanisms affecting ICP during tracheostomy; and to evaluate the long-term effects of tracheostomy on tracheal anatomy and function. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, clinical study. SETTING: ...
Norwood S - - 2000
To determine the incidence of tracheal stenosis, voice and breathing changes, and stomal complications after percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT). From December 1992 through June 1999, 420 critically ill patients underwent 422 PDTs. There were 340 (81%) long-term survivors, 100 (29%) of whom were interviewed and offered further evaluation by fiberoptic ...
Thornton F J - - 2000
PURPOSE: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is not possible or fails in some patients. We aimed to categorize the reasons for PEG failure, to study the success of percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) in these patients, and to highlight the associated technical difficulties and complications. METHODS: Forty-two patients (28 men, 14 women; ...
Schmitt H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that the incidence of difficult intubation in acromegalic patients is higher than in normal patients. However, these studies were retrospective and did not include preoperative assessment of the airways. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of difficult intubation and to assess ...
Sakurai M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate anatomic variations of support apparatus position on radiographs obtained in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors evaluated radiographs obtained in 71 neonates with CDH to determine whether nasogastric tubes, umbilical venous catheters, and umbilical arterial catheters deviated from their expected anatomic course. ...
Byhahn C - - 2000
Percutaneous tracheostomy is a widely accepted and commonly performed technique for attaining long-term airway access in critically ill patients. However, severe respiratory failure and coagulopathy are relative contraindications for these procedures. We describe two patients with severe respiratory failure and inhibitor-complicated haemophilia A who underwent elective percutaneous tracheostomy performed translaryngeally, ...
Verbeek P R - - 2000
Our goals were to determine whether selection bias occurred in a prehospital study comparing an esophageal detector device (EDD) to a disposable capnometer for detecting esophageal intubation, and to determine whether such a bias would have changed the study's conclusions about EDD effectiveness. In a study of patients requiring prehospital ...
Sandhu R S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of an endotracheal tube cuff leak for the development of postextubation stridor and the need for reintubation. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive trauma patients who required intubation at a level I trauma center from July 1997 to July 1998 were ...
Mansharamani N G - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the safety of bedside percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy in obese patients. DESIGN: Case series of consecutive obese patients (body mass index > or = 27 kg/m(2)) with acute respiratory failure in a medical, cardiac, or surgical ICU unit who required tracheostomy for failure to wean and continued ...
Reddy N P - - 2000
Dysphagia, a swallowing disorder, is a problem encountered frequently in the rehabilitation of stroke and head injury patients. In normal individuals, safe passage of a food bolus into the esophagus is ensured by laryngeal elevation and closure of the airway. Inadequate laryngeal elevation can lead to aspiration, choking, and even ...
Agrò F - - 2000
A new tracheal intubation device is available. The 'Shikani Seeing Stylet' is a new, inexpensive, reusable high resolution endoscope with a malleable stainless-steel sheath which can be inserted through a tracheal tube allowing intubation to be performed under direct vision. We have assessed this new device on 20 patients (ASA ...
Steele A P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess late complications following percutaneous tracheostomy using the Griggs technique. DESIGN: Observational cohort study SETTING: General ICU of a 700-bed district general hospital in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients who underwent Griggs tracheostomy in the ICU and survived for at least 6 months after decannulation. INTERVENTION: Patients ...
Flores R M - - 2000
Fiberoptic bronchoscopy may be performed in patients with acute respiratory distress after thoracic surgical procedures as a measure to avoid intubation and subsequent positive-pressure ventilation in a patient with mucous impaction or as a method of intubating in a patient with a difficult airway. We describe the indications, the technique, ...
Huerta G - - 2000
Numerous complications have been encountered with small-bore nasoenteric feeding tubes, some potentially life threatening. Patients particularly at risk are those with anatomic abnormalities, debilitation, or neurologic impairment. Fluoroscopy has been reported to be a safe, efficacious modality for the placement of these tubes. Thirty critically ill patients were studied to ...
Kadri S M - - 2000
Over a period of 5 years from 1992 to 1997 a total of 3,532 patients of pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) were subjected to Wright's tube agglutination test for brucellosis. Of the 3,532 patients tested, 28 (0.8%) were found seropositive for brucellosis. Males outnumbered females by a ratio of 3:1. ...
Urtubia R M - - 2000
The esophageal-tracheal Combitube((R)) (ETC; Kendall-Sheridan Catheter Corp., Argyle, NY) is a new device designed for difficult airways and emergency intubation. The manufacturer recommends that the ETC model 37F SA be used in patients with a height of between 122 and 152 cm. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Bork K K Department of Dermatology, University of Mainz, - - 2000
To describe the occurrence of fatal laryngeal edema in patients with hereditary angioedema due to C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency. We describe 6 patients from various regions of Germany who died from laryngeal edema within the last 10 years. Furthermore, we conducted a retrospective survey of 58 patients with hereditary angioedema, ...
Grove P - - 2000
Evidence presented in the anaesthetic and emergency medical services literature warns of the possibility of accidental or insidious displacement of endotracheal tubes in intubated patients. In particular, there is evidence that head movement in intubated patients can lead to displacement of the distal tip of an endotracheal tube in the ...
Moriya F - - 2000
The objective of this study was to determine whether the postmortem concentrations in body fluids of monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX), a major active metabolite of lidocaine, reflect the circulatory state during cardiopulmonary resuscitation following endotracheal intubation using lidocaine. The concentrations of lidocaine and MEGX in blood, pericardial fluid, bile and/or urine were ...
Klodell C T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has led some to advocate jejunal feeding. Our purpose was to review our experience with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and intragastric feeding in TBI patients to assess safety and effectiveness. METHODS: All patients on a TBI clinical pathway at our institution ...
Ben Abraham R - - 2000
Attempts by a combat medical officer to secure the airway of a multiple-injury patient in the field may frequently end in failure. The recurrence of such failures, despite Advanced Trauma Life Support training, is perplexing; therefore, we studied the prevalence of clinical criteria that could predispose active soldiers to difficult ...
Stacey C - - 2000
Hysterosalpingo contrast sonography (HyCoSy) has been compared favourably in the literature with hysterosalpingography (HSG). It does not require ionizing radiation and demonstrates the uterus and ovaries. HyCoSy is reported as being a safe, well tolerated, quick and easy investigation of Fallopian tube patency. Over a 1-year period HyCoSy was performed ...
Liebler J M - - 2000
Bedside fiberoptic bronchoscopy is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of various respiratory conditions in critically ill patients. The fiberoptic bronchoscope allows direct airway inspection, facilitating the diagnosis of benign and malignant airway lesions. In addition, pulmonary secretions or tissue samples can be collected using the bronchoscope and ...
George E - - 2000
The difficult airway, although rare, still occurs with a frequency sufficient to require that all personnel associated with airway management be familiar with methods to use when confronted with a challenging airway. Methods of airway assessment are helpful but lack adequate sensitivity and specificity. The most effective means of anticipating ...
Gharaibeh K I - - 2000
This study evaluates the incidence of biliary leakage following T-tube removal from the common bile duct (CBD) in 97 patients who underwent open CBD exploration. In 93 patients, this was following exploration for CBD stones, in two patient it was for obstructive jaundice due to hydatid disease and in a ...
Hoo G W - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The clinical course of patients with acute exacerbations of underlying COPD presenting with hypercapnic respiratory failure was reviewed. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 138 episodes of hypercapnic respiratory failure (PaCO(2) > or = 50 mm Hg and pH < or = 7.35). Patients were admitted to the ...
Brandner P - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the frequency of clinically apparent and undetected cardiopulmonary emboli during diagnostic CO(2) hysteroscopy, to determine the causes of these events, and to define a risk profile. DESIGN: Retrospective and prospective case study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Obstetric-gynecologic clinic of an academic teaching hospital. PATIENTS: ...
Erb T - - 1999
In patients with difficult airways, the standard of care involves fiberoptic intubation under spontaneous ventilation. However, the safety and feasibility of a fiberoptic intubation teaching program has only been documented in paralyzed and apneic patients, whereas data obtained in patients under spontaneous respiration are limited and conflicting. We evaluated 100 ...
Smith C E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neuromuscular, ventilatory, and cardiovascular effects of rocuronium and vecuronium. DESIGN: Randomized, prospective, blinded study. SETTING: Tertiary care teaching center, single institution. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft procedure. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received rocuronium, 1.0 mg/kg (n = 17), or vecuronium, 0.15 mg/kg (n = 15), ...
Dranoff J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Early enteral feedings may improve outcomes in critically ill patients. Recently, transnasal endoscopy with an ultrathin transnasal endoscope has been shown to be of value for diagnostic endoscopy without conscious sedation. We developed a technique for the placement of postpyloric feeding tubes in critically ill patients using transnasal endoscopy. ...
Pace S A - - 1999
To determine the incidence of unused out-of-hospital intravenous line (IV) placements, we prospectively studied IV placement in emergency medical services (EMS) patients. Unused IV placement was defined as any patient having an EMS initiated IV that was not used for fluid bolus or medication administration in the field or in ...
Debeljak A - - 1999
The authors reviewed their experience with therapeutic bronchoscopy for removal of tracheobronchial foreign bodies in the adult. Bronchoscopy records and collection of foreign bodies in the endoscopic department were retrospectively examined. Among 37,466 bronchoscopies performed between 1974-1998, 62 (0.2%) were performed for the removal of tracheobronchial foreign bodies. Medical history ...
Heneghan J P - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine if patients with multiple fluid collections need every collection aspirated and if cross-contamination is a risk if separate sterile procedures are not followed for each aspiration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records from 1,076 imaging-guided percutaneous aspirations and drainages over 39 months were retrospectively reviewed; 124 patients had multiple ...
Ishoo E - - 1999
Angioedema is an immunologically mediated, anatomically limited, nonpitting edema that can lead to life-threatening airway obstruction. To predict the risk of airway compromise in angioedema, we retrospectively reviewed 93 episodes in 80 patients from 1985 to 1995. Intubation or tracheotomy was necessary in 9 (9.7%) cases. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use ...
Bloom A I - - 1999
Pleurodesis using talc as the sclerosing agent is an effective procedure for preventing reaccumulation of malignant pleural effusions. Because of its thickness, the talc slurry is usually instilled through large bore (20-28 Fr), surgically placed thorocostomy tubes. However, these tubes often cause considerable patient discomfort. Herein we report a series ...
Schill T - - 1999
Proximal tubal occlusion (PTO), until recently a domain of microsurgery, can also be treated by a transcervical balloon dilatation and/or tubal recanalization. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possibility of transcervical tubal dilatation during transcervical Falloposcopy. Transcervical Falloposcopy and tubal dilatation was performed under laparoscopic control. During ...
Zimmert M - - 1999
A study of 56 patients was undertaken to determine whether there is a difference in the effect of the laryngeal mask airway and the endotracheal tube on the vocal tract after short-duration anaesthesia. All the patients were interviewed pre- and post-operatively. In 43 patients, it was possible to assess the ...
Sakles J C - - 1999
Rocuronium is a recently synthesized non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent (NMBA) that has been demonstrated to have a faster onset of action than any other non-depolarizing NMBA. Although widely studied in the operating room, there are no reports regarding its use for emergent tracheal intubation in the emergency department (ED). The ...
Inomata S - - 1999
Sevoflurane has a non-pungent odour and provides smooth induction of anaesthesia. In contrast, isoflurane is irritating to the airway when used for induction, and this may also be evident during emergence from anaesthesia. We measured the end-tidal concentration of anaesthetic that prevented response to extubation in 50% of patients (MACEX) ...
Carpenter R O - - 1999
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare three methods of postoperative feeding after pyloromyotomy for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS). METHODS: The authors reviewed retrospectively the charts of 308 patients who underwent pyloromyotomy for HPS from 1984 to 1997. Nineteen patients had prolonged hospitalization for other reasons and were ...
Wong J K - - 1999
Airway management in patients with unstable cervical spines remains a challenge for anesthesia providers. Because neurologic evaluations may be required following tracheal intubation and positioning for the surgical procedure, an awake intubation technique is desirable in this patient population. In this report, we describe the use of an intubating laryngeal ...
Ricard J D - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between simple rating of condensation seen in the flex-tube connecting the heating and humidifying device used with the endotracheal tube and hygrometric parameters (absolute and relative humidity and tracheal temperature) measured by psychrometry. DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Medical ICU of Louis Mourier ...
Wani M K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Describe a clinical syndrome of laryngeal hypersensitivity following laryngeal nerve injury. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of six patients with laryngeal paralysis sustained during neck surgery who presented with paroxysms of coughing and stridor, progressing to brief episodes of complete airway occlusion. METHODS: Chart review. RESULTS: Superior laryngeal nerve blockade ...
Rumbak M J - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Modern low-pressure, high-volume cuffed tracheotomy tubes have been shown to decrease tracheal injury. However, injury still occurs in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation and prevents weaning, delays decannulation, prolongs hospitalization, and may totally obstruct the airway. We describe 37 patients, including the first reported case of failure to wean ...
Ramage I J - - 1999
Gastrostomy tube (g-tube) feeding is recognized to improve the nutritional delivery to children with end-stage renal disease. A retrospective study was undertaken assessing the complications of g-tube feeding in children receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). Twenty-three patients, mean age 3.8+/-3.2 years received PD and g-tube feeding for 758 patient-months, with 127 ...
Yassa N A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether balloon-inflated feeding tubes may be a cause of bowel obstruction. METHODS: Evaluation of 10 patients with balloon-inflated feeding tubes who experienced cramping, nausea and vomiting. Conventional radiography of the abdomen was performed in all patients, a fluoroscopic barium examination in 6 patients, and computed tomographic scanning ...
Lundy D S - - 1999
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the overall prevalence of aspiration in dysphagic individuals referred for a modified barium swallow and the underlying anatomic and/or physiologic causes. A total of 166 patients were seen during a 1-month period at 5 participating institutions. Aspiration was detected in 51.2% of ...
Moll J - - 1999
Several case reports and animal studies raise concerns over the risk of aspiration pneumonia when administering activated charcoal (AC) to intubated patients. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in intubated overdose patients who then received AC. We conducted a retrospective review from January 1994 to April ...
Shulman G B - - 1999
PURPOSE: Placement of double lumen tubes (DLTs) in both normal and difficult airways may be considerably more difficult than standard laryngoscopy and intubation using standard tracheal tubes. Alternative techniques to place DLTs have not been uniformly successful and alternative tracheal tubes do not provide the versatility afforded by the DLT. ...
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