Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1222
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Providência Rui - - 2011
AimSome transoesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) findings are associated with an increased risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This study was designed to evaluate and compare the accuracy of CHADS(2) and CHA(2)DS(2)-VASc in the prediction of these findings and test the additive value of transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE)-derived parameters as ...
Kularatne S A M - - 2011
In Sri Lanka, the saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) is distributed in the arid, dry and sandy coastal plains and in a prospective study we describe its bites in the Jaffna peninsula. Of the 304 snake bite admissions to the Jaffna Hospital in 2009, 217 (71.4%) were bitten by either venomous ...
Hila Amine - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Twenty-four-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH (MII-pH) esophageal monitoring allows detection of both acid and nonacid gastroesophageal reflux episodes. The MII-pH catheter contains 6 impedance segments placed 3, 5, 7, 9, 15, and 17 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), plus a pH electrode at 5 cm. Multichannel ...
Hartung H-P - - 2011
To determine the frequency and consequences of neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) in patients with a first event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS) treated with interferon β-1b (IFNβ-1b). In the Betaseron/Betaferon in Newly Emerging MS For Initial Treatment (BENEFIT) study, patients were randomly assigned to 250 μg IFNβ-1b (Betaferon) or placebo subcutaneously ...
de Bie Charlotte I - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: In 2005, the Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) Working Group of ESPGHAN published consensus guidelines on the diagnostic workup of paediatric IBD, the Porto criteria. According to these guidelines, children suspected of IBD should have an oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD), ileocolonoscopy, and (except in cases of definitive ulcerative colitis (UC)) adequate imaging ...
Tsivgoulis G - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: A chronic state of impaired cerebral and cervical venous drainage, termed chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). We performed a color-coded Doppler sonography case-control study to externally validate the CCSVI criteria. METHODS: We prospective evaluated consecutive patients with clinically ...
Benini Ruba - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical features at presentation that differentiate inherited and noninherited etiologies of childhood ataxias. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review analysis was conducted on 167 patients evaluated in neurology outpatient clinics for ataxia or ataxia-related symptoms. The frequency of clinical features, determined a priori, in the 2 groups ...
Vucic Steve - - 2011
Abstract Although fatigue is frequently reported in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Cortical excitability studies were utilized to determine the contribution of central mechanisms to development of fatigue and weakness in ALS. Threshold-tracking transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies were undertaken in 16 ALS patients ...
Zumelzu Coralie - - 2011
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is a rare autoimmune bullous disease (AIBD). However, higher EBA incidence and predisposing genetic factor(s) involving an HLA haplotype have been suspected in some populations. This retrospective study assessed the overrepresentation of black patients with EBA, its link with HLA-DRB1*15:03, and their clinical and immunological characteristics. ...
Tran Lavinia - - 2011
Introduction: Urotensin II (UII) is a potent vasoactive peptide that exerts differential effects on heart failure (HF) patients compared to health controls. However, the mechanism of action remains unclear. The role of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) as a mediator of UII in the vasculature has not been explored. Aims: The ...
Strahle Jennifer - - 2011
Object The natural history of the Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) is incompletely understood. The authors report on the outcome of a large group of patients with CM-I that were initially selected for nonsurgical management. Methods The authors identified 147 patients in whom CM-I was diagnosed on MR imaging, who ...
Awad Hassan - - 2011
To explore psychic and psychological characteristics of patients suffering from non- epileptic seizures and compare them with the patients suffering from epilepsy. Using medical documentation 40 patients with non epileptic seizures were compared with 40 randomly selected epilepsy patients according to psychiatric and psychological report, and using psychotropic medications. Both ...
Alves-Leon Soniza Vieira - - 2011
This study intended to investigate the clinical and electroencephalographic benign occipital epilepsy of childhood (BOEC) characteristics in a population sample of patients from two tertiary Brazilian hospitals. We analyzed retrospectively 4912 electroencephalograms (EEGs) records, and the included patients were submitted to a new clinical and EEG evaluation. Were included 12 ...
Hikita Toshiyuki - - 2011
: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile disorder of unknown etiology. Brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) help in detecting regional cerebral blood flow abnormalities and brain damage. The usefulness of SPECT and MRI in patients with KD was evaluated. : All 22 patients ...
Chadha Rajiv - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the anomalous clinical anatomy of congenital pouch colon (CPC) associated with anorectal agenesis in 22 consecutive girls managed over a study period of 7 years. The 22 patients were categorized into 2 groups. Group A consisted of 10 patients who presented during ...
Attarian Shahram - - 2011
Our aim was to document the classification of Lewis-Sumner syndrome (L-SS) based on the response to treatment and the pattern of progression over time. We retrospectively identified 15 patients with L-SS treated for at least 12 months. After 1 year, intravenous immunoglobulin was effective in 7 patients, 6 were stable, ...
Adejolu Margaret - - 2011
The objective of this series was to show that the sonographic appearance described as the "filarial dance" is not characteristic of filariasis but occurs in nonendemic areas as a manifestation of epididymal obstruction. An experienced observer documented cases after initial observation of the filarial dance in routine clinical practice using ...
Rosa Rafael Fabiano Machado - - 2011
Oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS) is a rare condition characterized by the involvement of the first branchial arches. To investigate the ear abnormalities of a sample of patients with OAVS. The sample consisted of 12 patients with OAVS seen at the Clinical Genetics Unit, UFCSPA/CHSCPA. The study included only patients who underwent ...
Hong Young Joon - - 2011
We used virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) to evaluate the relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and plaque components in 279 acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. We divided patients into three groups according to their hs-CRP levels {lowest tertile <0.07 mg/dL (n=93), middle tertile ≥0.07, <0.4 mg/dL (n=93), and highest ...
De Britto L J - - 2011
Aim  The aim of this study was to know the correlation of patients' 3 months recall on acute dermato-lymphangio-adenitis (ADLA) with anti-streptolysin O (ASO) serology and its application as a tool to know the burden of ADLA in the community. Methods  Fifty-nine lymphoedema (LE) patients and 27 age matched controls were ...
Iranzo Alex A Neurology Service, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain. - - 2011
Serial dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies shows progressive nigrostriatal dopaminergic dysfunction. Because idiopathic rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (IRBD) can precede the classic symptoms of PD and other synucleinopathies, we postulated that serial DAT imaging in patients with IRBD could be used ...
Seidel Stefan - - 2011
The majority of previous studies on unilateral headaches beyond migraine and cluster headache have focussed on certain disorders such as paroxysmal hemicrania, SUNCT and primary stabbing headache. We assessed headache characteristics, importance of neuroimaging and response to indomethacin in an unselected series of uncommon unilateral headaches. We investigated all consecutive ...
Hwang Thomas N - - 2011
PURPOSE: To explain the mechanism for acquired enophthalmos after ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS). DESIGN: Case series and a case-control study. PARTICIPANTS AND CONTROLS: Four study patients with bilateral enophthalmos after VPS and 10 control subjects. METHODS: Case description of 4 study patients. Calculated orbital volumes for 2 study patients were compared ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left-ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction(LVHT) is a cardiac abnormality of unknown aetiology, frequently associated with arrhythmias, heart failure, and embolism. In most cases LVHT is associated with neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) or other rare non-neuromuscular genetic syndromes. Occasionally, LVHT occurs familiarly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Invited for a cardiologic investigation were all first-degree relatives ...
Guha Indra Neil - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The liver is known to be structurally abnormal in long-standing Fontan circulation. The degree of liver dysfunction associated with such abnormalities is however largely unknown. We assessed structural changes (serum fibrosis markers) and function (indocyanine green clearance (ICG)) in Fontan patients. METHODS: 21 stable Fontan patients were prospectively assessed ...
Timmer S A J - - 2011
Diastolic dysfunction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is accompanied by augmented left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure, above all in the presence of LV outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Increased back-pressure may augment right ventricular (RV) afterload and induce an oxidative metabolic imbalance between the 2 ventricles. The aim was to study right-to-left ...
Matsukawa Hidetoshi - - 2011
Object Previous studies have shown a relationship between a patient's stage of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and outcome. However, few studies have assessed whether a specific lesion or type of corpus callosum injury (CCI) influences outcome in patients with DAI. The authors investigated the effect of various DAIs and CCIs ...
Deva Rajeev - - 2011
Retinal abnormalities are common in inherited and acquired renal disease. This study determined the prevalence of retinal abnormalities in chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 to 5. One hundred fifty patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 and 150 age- and gender-matched hospital patients with CKD stages 1 to 2 ...
Ooi Qi Lun - - 2011
Individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 to 5 have an increased risk of cardiac and other vascular disease. Here we examined the association of CKD 3 to 5 with small vessel caliber. This was a cross-sectional observational study of 126 patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 (estimated ...
Khan Abraham - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although esophageal dilation after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has been reported, the effect of banding on esophageal peristalsis, including the development of aperistalsis and its potential reversibility, have received only little attention. GOALS: Our aim was to report our experience with 6 patients who developed manometric evidence of ...
Le Gal François - - 2011
In the present study, we assessed a SCN1A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs3812718, IVS5N+5 G>A), first analyzed by Schlachter et al. We genotyped 164 patients with febrile seizures (FS) [of those 62 adults with focal epilepsy (FEFS(+) ) and 102 children with pure FS (Pure FS)] and 199 matched controls. Moreover, ...
Zhilin Guo - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of wide decompression of the optic canal for treating blindness resulting from an indirect optic nerve injury. METHODS:: Forty-three patients with blindness resulting from an indirect optic nerve injury were retrospectively reviewed for preoperative vision, preoperative image, operative video, ...
Arai Takashi - - 2011
Patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) can present with sensorineural deafness. This can result from a gross deletion that not only involved the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene, but also TIMM8A, mutations in which underlie the Mohr-Tranebjærg syndrome (MTS). We analyzed the genomic break points observed in three XLA-MTS patients and ...
Abbatini Francesca - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity are diseases of epidemic proportions. Long-term realistic weight loss by nonsurgical methods has a variable effect on glycemic control, and only a proportion of patients with T2DM have a worthwhile response. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been proposed as an advantageous bariatric ...
Hocini Mélèze - - 2011
Left atrial appendage (LAA) is implicated in maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial tachycardia (AT) associated with persistent AF (PsAF) ablation, although little is known about the incidence and mechanism of LAA AT. The purpose of this study was to characterize LAA ATs associated with PsAF ablation. In 74 ...
Parihar Mayur - - 2011
Abstract The t(8;21)(q22;q22) is the most common translocation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We describe the clinicopathologic and cytogenetic profile of 117 patients with t(8;21) AML. There were 82 males and 88 adults. The median age was 26 years. Most patients (80%) had AML M2. Dysplasia was present in 68% ...
Kakarla Udaya K - - 2011
Object Coccidioides immitis is a dimorphous fungus endemic in the southwestern US and northern Mexico. While its primary presentation is pulmonary, it can have devastating neurological sequelae. Methods The authors provide a retrospective review with long-term follow-up between 1986 and 2008 at a single institution. Results The authors identified 27 ...
Rosty Christophe - - 2011
Benign serrated polyps are commonly found in the colorectum but have rarely been described in other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. We report a series of 9 serrated polyps arising in the duodenum with clinicopathologic features, immunohistochemical expression profile of mucins (MUC2, MUC5AC, MUC6), and molecular analysis for BRAF and ...
Said Samar M - - 2011
The long-term survival of persons with Down syndrome has dramatically increased over the past 50 years. There are no studies addressing the spectrum of glomerular lesions in these patients. We reviewed the clinical-pathologic characteristics of 17 patients with Down syndrome who underwent renal biopsy. The cohort consisted of 12 whites ...
Mihaila Romeo-Gabriel - - 2011
Background/Aims: A geranyl-geranylated protein is synthesized during chronic hepatitis C virus replication; statins can inhibit this synthesis. We aimed at studying the effects of administrating simvastatin to patients who finished the standard antiviral therapy and who did not have hepatic cytolysis. Methodology: A total of 101 patients were divided into ...
Souza Carlos Augusto Bastos de - - 2011
To assess the prevalence of uterine anatomical abnormalities found by office diagnostic hysteroscopy in a population of patients experiencing more than two consecutive miscarriages and compare the prevalence of uterine abnormalities between patients with two miscarriages and those with three or more consecutive miscarriages. A cross-sectional study of 66 patients ...
Preis Krzysztof - - 2011
The aim of the study was to prove the possibility of elastography application in the assessment of the indications for dilatation and curettage (D&C) of the uterine cavity in patients with wide endometrium found in transvaginal ultrasound examination. Analyzed group consisted of 25 perimenopausal women admitted for D&C due to ...
Ideguchi Haruko - - 2011
We analysed the clinical vascular characteristics of Behçet's disease (BD) patients in Japan. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical charts of 412 patients who fulfilled the 1987 Japanese criteria for BD and were treated in two University hospitals from July 1991 to December 2007. Patients with superficial thrombophlebitis were excluded, since ...
Jama Abdi - - 2011
This study sought to assess clinical and angiographic outcomes in a series of 29 patients who underwent transcatheter closure of coronary artery fistulae (CAF). Transcatheter closure of CAF has become an alternative to surgical closure, but the reported experience is relatively limited. Medical records of all patients with CAF who ...
Naganuma Masaki - - 2011
Background: To examine the therapeutic effect of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) therapy for stroke patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (HD). Methods: Of 600 stroke patients receiving intravenous rt-PA using 0.6 mg/kg alteplase who were enrolled in a multicenter observational study in Japan, 4 patients (3 men, 64-77 years old) ...
Peacey S R - - 2011
Background: There is a lack of data regarding the timing and particularly the severity of hypothyroidism post radioiodine (RI). Aim: To investigate the timing and severity of hypothyroidism in RI treated hyperthyroid patients. Methods: Retrospective examination of the records of 183 RI treated hyperthyroid patients (79 patients autoimmune hyperthyroidism, 46 ...
Asdaghi Negar - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project (OCSP) is a common clinical stroke classification tool. We evaluated the accuracy of OCSP classification with a prospective magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. METHODS: Stroke/transient ischemic attack patients presenting within 48 hours of onset were included in the study (n=130). Following computed ...
Nascimento Bruno Ramos - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: The meaning of electrocardiographic changes appearing during the clinical follow-up of Chagas disease (ChD) is unknown. In this study, a patient cohort with ChD was followed to describe the electrocardiographic changes that may make it possible to identify patients whose left ventricular function has deteriorated. METHODS: The study sample ...
Rand Debbie - - 2012
Although inpatient rehabilitation may enhance an individual's functional ability after stroke, it is not known whether these improvements are accompanied by an increase in daily use of the arms and legs. To determine the change in daily use of the upper and lower extremities of stroke patients during rehabilitation and ...
Chasen Martin - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Electrogastrography (EGG) is a technique used to record gastric myoelectrical activity (GMA). Our aim is to investigate the (1) prevalent patterns of GMA, (2) most frequent gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms reported on the Dyspepsia Symptom Severity Index (DSSI), and (3) EGG diagnosis and correlations with GI symptoms, ghrelin, and inflammatory ...
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