Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1222
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Rasool M N - - 2001
Fourteen children (average 9 years) with primary hematogenous osteomyelitis of the calcaneus are reported. Four were seen early and 10 late. Clinical presentation was dramatic, with fever, pain, swelling, and fluctuance around the foot and ankle. The diagnosis was missed initially in 8 cases because the patients were treated for ...
Silva L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hand-assisted laparoscopy can be used to perform aortoiliac reconstructive procedures. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a hand-assisted aortofemoral bypass in patients with occlusive disease using a low abdominal transverse incision to reduce postoperative respiratory problems. METHODS: In 18 patients, a modified Pfannenstiel incision was ...
Faber D C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: When there is doubt about perfusion in the distal part of the leg and around the ankle, an above-knee amputation (AKA) site has been the most commonly selected to assure primary wound healing. METHODS: The Gritti-Stokes amputation (GSA), a modified through-knee amputation, seems to have value for selected patients, ...
Ostojić L - - 2001
AIM: To asses the intermediate rehabilitation outcome of patients with war-related below-knee amputations and compare it with the patients with other causes of amputation. METHOD: The study comprised 74 patients with below-knee stumps admitted for rehabilitation at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Split University Hospital, Croatia, in 1994. ...
Peters E J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: It is reasonable to predict that diabetes-related lower-extremity amputations have a detrimental impact on quality of life. However, we are unaware of any study in the medical literature describing the functional level of diabetic patients with amputations. The objective of this study was to evaluate amputations among diabetic patients ...
Sloper C M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and side effects of tacrolimus in the management of patients with high-risk corneal and limbal grafts. DESIGN: Noncomparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen patients (23 grafts) were treated with tacrolimus; 15 patients (20 host corneas) had two or more quadrants of stromal vascularization, 6 patients had ...
Gourie-Devi M - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Monomelic amyotrophy (MMA) a variant of motor neuron disease, has the characteristic features of wasting and weakness usually confined to a single upper or lower limb occurring predominantly in young males and a benign outcome. Symptoms of increased sweating, coldness and cyanosis have been observed in a few patients. ...
Leow M E - - 2001
In summary, the impact and value of esthetic prostheses on amputee rehabilitation and their long-term use were demonstrated in this study to have no correlation with the severity of injury and level of amputation. All patients with traumatic amputation should be given equal opportunity to receive prostheses if the service ...
Yano O J - - 2001
The safety of intentional occlusion of patent internal iliac arteries (IIAs) to facilitate the endovascular repair of aortoiliac artery aneurysms (abdominal aortic aneurysms [AAAs] and iliac aneurysms [IAs]) was evaluated. We analyzed the techniques and clinical sequelae of selective occlusion of one or both IIAs in 103 patients and correlated ...
Jude E B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify the distribution of peripheral arterial disease in the diabetic and nondiabetic population attending for angiography and to compare severity and outcome between both groups of patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomly selected lower-extremity angiograms were examined according to the Bollinger system. ...
Erasmus L P - - 2001
Aim of our study was to find a specific measure for the intensity of upper limb tremor and other ataxic symptoms in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients, and to establish standard values and test quality parameters. Three hundred and forty-two consecutive patients with different symptoms in the upper limbs (upper motor ...
Reddan D N - - 2001
The occurrence of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and atraumatic lower-extremity amputations is significantly greater in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) than those with normal renal function. Moreover, the mortality for dialysis patients undergoing atraumatic lower-extremity amputations is far greater. Because PVD requiring amputation is an extreme form of PVD, ...
Schmieder F A - - 2001
Intermittent claudication (IC), the symptom of exercise-induced muscle ischemia of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), afflicts and limits the activities of a significant number of patients. Incidence and prevalence of IC depends on the population studied and the diagnostic instruments used. In large studies, prevalence has ranged from 3% to 10%, ...
Balzer J O - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a percutaneous vascular suture (PVS) device in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) for achievement of immediate hemostasis at the vascular access site and early ambulation of fully anticoagulated patients after peripheral interventional procedures. From June 1995 to March 2000, a ...
Leggon R E - - 2001
Vascular reconstruction and limb salvage surgery has been the authors' preferred approach when malignancy involves major vessels of the extremities. Treatment of 16 patients involved resection, with vascular grafting in 14 patients and rotationplasty in two patients. The major vessels were surrounded by tumor in six patients, nearly encased in ...
Treiman G S - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to review the natural history and clinical outcome of patients with infrainguinal autogenous graft infection (IAGI), to evaluate the effectiveness of attempted graft preservation, to determine those variables associated with graft salvage, and to better determine optimal treatment. We retrospectively reviewed the records of ...
MacLennan S E - - 2001
A series of 13 patients is described to demonstrate the experience of the authors with free-tissue transfer for limb salvage in patients with purpura fulminans. A total of seven free-flap procedures were performed, with a loss of flap in one patient. The flaps were used for lower-extremity salvage in six ...
Watts S A - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine if age, gender, risk level and glucosylated hemoglobin could predict foot amputations in HMO patients with diabetes. DATA SOURCES: A retrospective chart review of a non-random sample of 27 patients with amputation and 110 randomly selected patients without amputation during the same time period. Chi-square, t-tests and ...
Khaira H S - - 2001
Finger discoloration may result from recognized conditions affecting upper limb vasculature. We describe 11 patients who presented with acute pain, swelling and blue/purple discoloration in a finger. This benign condition mimicked digital ischaemia. There were 9 women and 2 men. The episode usually started with an ache/pain in the finger ...
Willis T M - - 2001
Acute infectious purpura fulminans is reported in a 16-month-old male with a history of posttraumatic asplenia and complete left brachial plexus palsy. This patient developed peripheral necrosis of both lower extremities and the right upper extremity, whereas the left upper extremity was completely spared from ischemia and tissue damage. Amputation ...
Musharafieh R - - 2001
Seventeen patients who underwent soft-tissue reconstruction of various anatomic regions of the foot and ankle, using the radial forearm fasciocutaneous free flap, are reported. The procedures were performed between January, 1992 and December, 1998. Indications for reconstruction included diabetes and/or vascular insufficiency (four patients), soft-tissue defects (six patients), and chronic ...
Daher A - - 2001
INTRODUCTION: continuous wave Doppler (CWD) has good discriminatory power at the groin in the assessment of saphenous femoral junction (SFJ); however, it is not as accurate as duplex ultrasound scanning (DUS) in the popliteal fossa for assessment of saphenous popliteal junction (SPJ) in patients with primary short saphenous vein incompetence. ...
Vermeulen E G - - 2001
The aim of this study was to determine whether the morphology of the muscular femoral artery in patients with atherosclerosis and hyperhomocysteinemia differs from that of atherosclerotic vessels from patients with normal homocysteine levels. Whole-vessel biopsies of the superficial femoral artery were taken from patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic disease with ...
Delis K T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Lower limb venous pressure increases on dependency, stimulating a local sympathetic axon reflex which triggers precapillary and arteriolar vasoconstriction. The resulting decrease in arterial calf inflow, known as the venoarteriolar response (VAR), is impaired in critical leg ischaemia. The aim of the study was to evaluate the VAR in ...
Summers A N - - 2001
Four patients underwent microvascular transfer of a lateral arm fascial flap to salvage severely ischemic digits by means of induction of neovascularization. The cause of the digital ischemia was direct trauma (crush injury) in one patient and chronic embolic phenomena (proximal arterial occlusion) in three patients. None of the patients ...
Spincemaille G H GH Department of Neurosurgery, Academic Hospital, Maastricht, The - - 2001
to determine which patients with unreconstructible critical limb ischaemia (CLI) might benefit from spinal cord stimulation (SCS). literature review. limb salvage in patients with an intermediate transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcpO2) was not significantly higher with SCS (76%) than with conservative therapy (p=0.08). However, a limb salvage of 88% was achieved ...
Hansen S T ST - - 2001
A treating surgeon must take all the aforementioned ideas and principles into consideration, make a reasoned decision in the first hour of patient evaluation, and proceed with the chosen treatment. When functional salvage is not thought to be possible, it is better simply to let the patient and family know, ...
Sobel E - - 2001
The number of partial-foot amputations performed is increasing, and many recommendations have been made regarding the use of prostheses and footwear designed to prevent higher-level amputations in this population. The present study investigated the use of prostheses and shoe inserts and the types of footwear worn by partial-foot amputees in ...
Gavrankapetanović F - - 2001
Injuries caused by pressure activated explosive devices are very complex medical and social problem in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Hindfoot injuries are also a big challenge for orthopedic surgeons concerning all forthcoming physical assessment of the patients and the fact that the forefoot and midfoot remain preserved. The study included 60 ...
Scott-Okafor H R - - 2001
The purposes of this study were to quantify the degree and distribution of lower extremity weakness in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) compared to apparently healthy older patients and to determine if performance of a simple functional measure correlates with lower extremity strength. Older patients (n = 46), ...
Nobre V - - 2001
Schistosoma mansoni infection is likely to be responsible for a significant proportion of cases of myelopathy occurring in areas where schistosomiasis is endemic. The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, laboratory and therapeutic data of 23 patients with schistosomal myeloradiculopathy. The medical records of 23 patients with ...
Osebold W R - - 2001
We studied six pediatric amputees with long below-knee residual limbs, in order to delineate their functional and prosthetic situations, specifically in relation to problems with fitting for dynamic-response prosthetic feet. Three patients had congenital pseudoarthrosis of the tibia secondary to neurofibromatosis, one had fibular hemimelia, one had a traumatic amputation, ...
Lu L H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Patients who misperceive that they are moving their paralysed arm (phantom movements) may not recognise its weakness. Therefore, the relation between phantom limb movements and anosognosia for hemiplegia during selective right hemispheric anaesthesia (the Wada test) was examined. METHODS: Nine patients with intractable epilepsy underwent the Wada test. During ...
Fitzgerald A M - - 2000
A retrospective study of patients admitted to an Orthopaedic Trauma Unit over an 8-year period requiring fasciotomies, of either upper or lower limb, to reduce the risk of compartment syndrome was performed. Sixty patients were studied, of which 49 had an underlying fracture. The long-term morbidity of the wounds was ...
Gracies J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess acceptability, effects on swelling, resting posture, spasticity, and active (AROM) and passive range of motion (PROM) of individually tailored upper limb Lycra garments, designed as dynamic splints to exert directional pull on certain limb segments, when worn for 3 hours by hemiplegic patients. DESIGN: Crossover trial. SETTING: ...
de Godoy J M - - 2000
Erysipelas (cellulitis/lymphangitis) is a superficial cutaneous infection spread by the lymphatic system which may result in permanent injury to the lymphatic vessels. The study evaluated the lymphatic drainage in the lower limbs of 30 patients with at least two episodes of erysipelas by means of lymphoscintigraphy. Twenty-two (73%) were female ...
Ochiai M - - 2000
A novel hemostatic device, Adapty (Medikit, Tokyo, Japan), was developed to achieve effective and comfortable hemostasis following transradial procedures. The device consists of a pad fixed to a transparent plastic plate and a self-adhesive strap. The catheter sheath is removed from the radial artery after the pad has been positioned ...
Bowker J H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A method for closure of a knee disarticulation wound with use of the posterior calf skin and gastrocnemius muscle bellies as an integral flap, without destruction of the perforating vessels, was described by Klaes and Eigler in 1985. The purposes of the present study were to report our experience ...
Sessa C - - 2000
Severe hand ischemia is an uncommon complication of angioaccess surgery. Prompt recognition is necessary to prevent finger necrosis and permanent nerve damage. Treatment should relieve symptoms without compromising dialysis access. From January 1989 to September 1999, we treated critical hand ischemia in 23 patients (16 men, 7 women), including 8 ...
Devnani A S - - 2000
AIM: To describe an appliance used for equalisation of severe congenital lower limb length discrepancy for patients who refuse to undergo any operative correction but wish to walk and look better. METHOD: The appliance which is a combination of an ischial bearing brace and a below knee prosthesis was fitted ...
Keeley F X FX - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare endopyelotomy and primary reconstructive procedures in patients with pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction and with risk factors for endopyelotomy failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients (eight female and 11 male, mean age 34.5 years, range 15-82) underwent endoluminal ultrasonography (US) before treatment for PUJ obstruction; the US findings ...
Mertens H - - 2000
This study evaluates the use of pulse spray pharmacomechanical thrombolysis (PSPMT) in combination with a low dose urokinase infusion and a possible secondary percutaneous treatment in the management of acute multiple limb ischemia. A retrospective analysis of 185 patients treated with PSPMT revealed eight patients with acute simultaneous ischemia of ...
Patel B - - 2000
This article evaluates the results of single vessel bypass surgery for symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischaemia (CMI) in 6 patients undergoing a total of 8 superior mesenteric artery (SMA) bypass operations, all with good post-operative symptom relief. Post-prandial pain and weight loss was present in 5 out of 6 patients. Epigastric ...
Ragnarson Tennvall G - - 2000
To investigate health-related quality of life (HRQL) in diabetes patients separately for those with current foot ulcers, those with primary healed ulcers, and those who have undergone minor or major amputations. The EuroQol quality of life (QoL) questionnaire including a visual analogue scale (VAS) was sent to 457 patients treated ...
Matsen S L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Patients' perceptions of the result of lower-extremity amputation vary widely, yet the factors associated with this variability are not well understood. Our objective was to identify important correlations with the perceived result that may help to indicate the factors that deserve particular emphasis in the management of patients who ...
Shimizu I - - 2000
We encountered a patient whose blood was sucked by Haemaphysalis longicornis in the suburb of a business city in Tokushima prefecture in Japan. The tick, which had been attached to the lower limb of the patient for one week, measured 10 mm in length. There were no notable objective or ...
Treska V - - 2000
To explore the relationship between disorders of endogenous fibrinolysis and thrombosis in patients with lower extremity ischemia, we measured the activity of tissue plasminogen activator (tPAac) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAlac) and the antigens of tissue plasminogen activator (tPAa) and inhibitor (PAla) in plasma from 420 patients treated for lower ...
Chung K C - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes following microvascular toe to thumb transfer in a cohort study using the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey, the Lower Limb Function Questionnaire, and standardized hand function tests. Twenty-one patients who had unilateral, isolated thumb amputations at the ...
Baumgartner I - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) promotes angiogenesis and vascular permeability. The extent to which VEGF may cause tissue edema in humans has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patients undergoing VEGF gene transfer for evidence of lower-extremity edema. DESIGN: Prospective consecutive case series. SETTING: Hospital outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: 62 ...
Eder V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this work was to quantify the intensity of the vasodilation induced by dipyridamole used to simulate a stress test during a myocardial tomoscintigraphy. METHODS: Doppler measurements of the femoral artery and the thoracic aorta were made on 26 patients (11 men, 15 women), using transducers attached ...
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