Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1222
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Kharrazi F Daniel - - 2008
Osteoarticular allograft reconstruction is an option in patients with massive periarticular elbow bone loss secondary to tumor surgery or trauma. Our consecutive series consisted of 18 patients with tumors and one patient with trauma. Reconstruction consisted of 16 hemiarticular allografts and three total elbow osteoarticular allografts; patients had a minimum ...
Pereira de Godoy J M JM Medical School in São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP), São José do Rio Preto-Sao Paulo, CEP 15020-010, Brazil. - - 2008
Idiopathic cyclic oedema syndrome is a group of clinical conditions that exhibit a vascular capillary hyperpermeability accompanied by oedema caused by the interstitial retention of fluid. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of aminaphtone in the treatment of idiopathic cyclic oedema. A total of 15 ...
Cavalleri M - - 2008
Post surgical patients need to resume a correct load distribution over both legs in order to facilitate bone osteogenesis. We propose a device for continuously monitoring lower limbs loads. It can be used by the patient to be aware of his loading conditions, by the physician or physical therapist to ...
Baier Bernhard - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hemiparetic stroke patients with disturbed awareness for their motor weakness (anosognosia for hemiparesis/-plegia [AHP]) may exhibit further abnormal attitudes toward or perceptions of the affected limb(s). The present study investigated the clinical relationship and the anatomy of such abnormal attitudes and AHP. METHODS: In a new series ...
Wang Yan-Dong YD Department of Surgery, Affiliated Yijishan Hospital, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 241001, Anhui Province, - - 2007
To evaluate the relationship between vascular invasion and microvessel density (MVD) of tissue and micrometastasis in blood. Vascular invasion was detected by both hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemiscal staining. Blood samples were collected from 17 patients with vascular invasion and 29 patients without vascular invasion and examined for cytokeratin20 ...
Hwang J H - - 2007
We investigated whether baseline lymphscintigraphic findings can predict long-term response to complex physical therapy (CPT) in patients with early stage extremity lymphedema. Twenty patients with unilateral extremity lymphedema of clinical stage I or II underwent CPT after baseline lymphscintigraphy. Therapeutic responses (good vs. poor) were evaluated at 1 year post-CPT ...
Esaki Jiro - - 2007
Worldwide, there is a growing number of patients with myocardial ischemia and limb ischemia associated with the aging population and an increased prevalence of atherosclerotic diseases. Medical therapy, percutaneous angioplasty and surgical revascularization are the present treatments of choice, but such treatments are not feasible for some patients with severe ...
Lee Kung-Shing - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Coldness, numbness, or causalgia usually affects the lower limbs in patients after back surgeries. The treatment of causalgia is still the source of continuing debate. We treated patients presenting with causalgia secondary to LD with CT-guided CLS and determined the therapeutic outcome at long-term follow-up. METHODS: From January 2002 ...
Sprynger M - - 2007
AIM: This observational study (Survey of Peripheral Arterial Disease Epidemiology, SPADE) evaluated the prevalence of asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in general practice. METHODS: PAD was determined as an ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) <0.9 measured with Doppler ultrasound. Included patients had a history of ischemic events and/or risk factors for ...
Elhassan Bassem T - - 2007
PURPOSE: Ulna longitudinal dysplasia is an uncommon congenital anomaly that demonstrates a wide variety of clinical manifestations. The clinical manifestations and function of patients with Bayne type IV ulna longitudinal dysplasia have not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to report the clinical features of type IV ...
Slovut David P - - 2007
Patients with limb-threatening ischemia and a paucity of ipsilateral greater saphenous vein for conduit represent a challenge for lower extremity revascularization. We present four patients with limited autogenous conduit who underwent hybrid revascularization using the Silverhawk atherectomy device and infrapopliteal artery bypass for limb-threatening ischemia. All patients experienced complete wound ...
Davis Mark D P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dermatologists may be called to assist in the diagnosis and management of purpura fulminans. METHODS: This retrospective case series details the clinical presentation and outcomes of patients presenting with purpura fulminans associated with peripheral gangrene between 1989 and 2004. RESULTS: All 12 patients presented with sudden onset of purpuric ...
Moini Majid - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Traumatic popliteal artery injury carries heavy morbidity. Ischaemic time is an important factor affecting limb survival. In developing countries most patients present late for repair and there are no distinct guidelines in deciding for revascularisation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with popliteal artery trauma who had presented at least 24h ...
Pang Hee-Nee - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis is a closed space infection involving the digital flexor tendon sheaths of the upper extremity that can cause considerable morbidity. The purpose of the present report is to describe the various risk factors leading to poor outcomes and to recommend a clinical classification system for this ...
Halvorson Eric G - - 2007
Although several studies have analyzed risk factors for tissue expander removal prior to permanent implant placement in breast reconstruction, the outcome following explantation because of infection is unknown. From a prospectively maintained database covering a 10-year period, 39 such patients were identified. Twelve (30.8%) had prior radiotherapy. Nine patients (23%) ...
de Carvalho Mamede - - 2007
Monomelic neurogenic syndromes are rare. Their classification and prognostic features have not been addressed in the European population. A prospective study of 17 patients with monomelic neurogenic amyotrophy, of upper or lower limb onset, with progression limited to one limb for three or more years. Clinical and neurophysiological studies were ...
Fronek Arnost - - 2007
Microvascular endothelial activity (EA) after stimulation with iontophoretically administered acetylcholine was evaluated using laser Doppler fluxmetery (LDF) and calibrated photoplethysmography (c-PPG) in normal patients and patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). The patients included 79 non-PAD subjects and 51 patients with PAD. Upper and lower extremity EA was examined using ...
Asherson Ronald A - - 2007
Twenty-one cases from several medical centers (Brazil, Italy, Serbia, South Africa, Israel, and the United Kingdom) with severe peripheral vascular disease progressing to amputations of limbs/digits, all of whom tested positive for antiphospholipid antibodies, are documented. The patients were suffering from either systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid LE, "primary" antiphospholipid syndrome ...
Farha Fawzi S - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of patients presenting with lower extremity pain whose treatment plan was altered by duplex ultrasonography. This prospective study evaluated all patients referred for lower extremity pain who had undergone a lower extremity arterial duplex scan. All patients underwent a history ...
Warren Anne G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema, a chronic disfiguring condition resulting from lymphatic dysfunction or disruption, can be difficult to accurately diagnose and manage. Of particular challenge is identifying the presence of clinically significant limb swelling through simple and noninvasive methods. Many historical and currently used techniques for documenting differences in limb volume, including ...
Feliciano Beejay - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Free tissue transfer for coverage of complex wounds in the ischial and sacral area can be limited by the lack of adequate recipient vessels. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 3 patients seen between August 2002 and December 2005 who underwent free tissue transfer to ischiosacral defects. RESULTS: Two ...
Sabharwal Sanjeev - - 2007
Although varus malalignment of the proximal tibia is the primary pathology in Blount disease, other deformities may exist. To assess multiplanar lower limb deformities, children with previously untreated early- and late-onset Blount disease who subsequently needed surgical correction were identified. Preoperative frontal and sagittal plane deformity analysis using Paley's methodology ...
Feiring Andrew J - - 2007
Treating patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) secondary to superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusions and jeopardized tibial-peroneal run-off is challenging, especially when the SFA cannot be recanalized. These patients are frequently poor candidates for surgical revascularization and thus amputation is the therapy most often recommended. In this article, we describe ...
Steven Mairi - - 2007
Haemangiomas and vascular malformations of the limb in children are often difficult to manage. The role of surgery and intervention in current management is still not clear. The aim of this study was to review our experience of such patients. Patients were identified using the health board database of inpatient ...
Frykberg Robert G - - 2007
The Syme amputation is often overlooked as an alternative to below-knee amputation or above-knee amputation in cases of limb-threatening foot infections and gangrene. Even though the advantages of the Syme amputation over major amputation are well cited in the literature, many surgeons do not view this amputation as a viable ...
Chuah K H - - 2007
Patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of lower limb infection and gangrene. In Malaysia, they frequently present late and are often in septic shock with multi-organ dysfunction. We report on two patients who presented for lower limb amputation in a desperate attempt to control sepsis and ...
Megarbane B - - 2007
AIM: To describe the outcome of intensive care unit (ICU) patients admitted with a hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar non-ketotic syndrome (HHNS), with a specific analysis of precipitating conditions and complications including lower limb ischemia. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients admitted in a university-hospital ICU for HHNS. RESULTS: Seventeen consecutive patients (9F/8M, age: ...
Gersbach P A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the initial benefits of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) treatment for critical limb ischemia (CLI) persist over years. DESIGN: Analysis of data prospectively collected for every CLI patient receiving permanent SCS. Follow-up range 12 to 98 months (mean 46+/-23, median 50 months). POPULATION: 87 patients (28% stage ...
Moini Majid - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the patency rate and complications of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with synthetic graft in patients with previous history of failed AVF. METHODS: This study was carried out at Sina Hospital, Tehran, Iran from April 2002 to July 2003. Patients who had been referred to our center with previous ...
Daigeler A - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Synchronous and heterochronous multiple soft tissue sarcoma of the extremities is very rare. Out of 1,201 of our patients, 4 patients presented with symmetrical bilateral soft tissue sarcoma of the extremities. The aim of this study was to identify possible reasons for this unusual manifestation of sarcomas. ...
Federman Daniel G - - 2007
Peripheral arterial disease is common in adults and is found in many patients with lower extremity ulcers. It is important to diagnose peripheral arterial disease not only because of its impact on the involved lower extremity but also because it often occurs with atherosclerotic disease in other vascular beds. Although ...
Shammas Nicolas W - - 2007
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is part of a global vascular problem of diffuse atherosclerosis. PAD patients die mostly of cardiac and cerebrovascular-related events and much less frequently due to obstructive disease of the lower extremities. Aggressive risk factors modification is needed to reduce cardiac mortality in PAD patients. These include ...
Alcalde M - - 2007
Enthesitis is a remarkable feature of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) not specifically approached by the available measuring tools for the disease. Ultrasonography (US) has proved to be an excellent technique for the assessment of tendon pathology. To test a Sonographic Entheseal Index (SEI) of the lower limbs in a cohort of ...
Hasegawa M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although digital ulcerations frequently occur in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), there have been few reports on the macrovascular involvement. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the macrovascular involvement in patients with SSc exhibiting digital ulceration or gangrene. METHODS: Transfemoral catheter arteriography of the upper and/or lower extremities was performed in eight ...
Rosoky Ruben M A - - 2006
PURPOSE: This was a retrospective cohort study aiming to investigate the clinical outcome of patients with intermittent claudication undergoing physical training in whom there was an aggravation of the arterial disease. METHOD: Three hundred and sixty-four patients with claudication who presented with femoropopliteal or tibioperoneal obstructions in at least 1 ...
Caggiati Alberto - - 2006
Primary varicose veins are commonly considered a progressive disease starting from the saphenous junctions and extending to tributaries in a retrograde fashion along the saphenous trunks. This theory has been criticized by studies indicating different patterns of development and progression of varicose veins. To contribute to the understanding of the ...
Schocke Michael F H - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and aorto-iliac atherosclerotic lesions suffer from a broad range of complaints, such as pain at the hip, the thigh, and calf claudication. The purpose of this study was to investigate the high-energy metabolism in the calf muscle of patients with PAD with isolated ...
Abdel-Salam Ghada M - - 2006
To review the clinical, neuroimaging, cytogenetic, and biochemical studies obtained in 20 patients with different cerebellar structural abnormalities presenting at variable ages of onset with variable signs and symptoms. These patients visited the Clinical Genetics Department, National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt during the period from September 2002 to September 2003. ...
Brunelli Stefano - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the functional status of people with transfemoral amputation and hemiparesis and to identify the factors that influence rehabilitation outcome after inpatient treatment. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five patients (30 men, 15 women; mean age, 69+/-9y) with intact mental status affected by unilateral transfemoral amputation ...
Faglia Ezio - - 2006
One hundred-six patients underwent emergency debridement of a deep foot space abscess. While 43 patients were admitted after an outpatient visit with immediate surgical debridement (group A), 63 patients were transferred from other hospitals after a mean stay of 6.2+/-7.5 days without debridement (group B). No significant differences were observed ...
Fitoussi Frank - - 2006
Upper limb involvement in cerebral palsy is usually more complex than lower limb involvement. Each child has a specific brain lesion and the clinical pattern is highly variable. Current clinical methods of assessment do not fully evaluate the kinematic activity during simple activities of daily life. We defined an upper ...
Rerkasem K - - 2006
Individual studies on the prognostic factors of leg amputation, due to vascular injury, have been small, and they have produced conflicting results. Reliable data are necessary so that surgery can be targeted more effectively. The authors carried out a systematic review from 1990 to 2002 to identify the high risk ...
Thanachartwet Vipa - - 2006
Peripheral gangrene, characterized by distal ischemia of the extremities, is a rare complication in patients with falciparum malaria. Patients with this complication have generally undergone early amputation of the affected areas. In this report, we describe 3 adult Thai patients presented at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, Bangkok, with high ...
Faglia E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early and late major amputation and survival rates and related risk factors in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Revascularization feasibility, major amputation, survival rate and related risk factors were recorded in 564 diabetic patients consecutively hospitalized for CLI from 1999 ...
Williams Anita E - - 2006
The characteristic bone deformities associated with advanced Paget's disease of bone may result in abnormal gait and plantar foot pressures, which contribute to the development of pressure-related skin problems. This study aimed to characterize the foot problems and foot-care needs in this patient group and to investigate the effect of ...
Boufi Mourad - - 2006
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is high, with an annual risk of amputation estimated at 13%, and indications for limb revascularization in patients combining ESRD with stage IV PAD (foot gangrene) are still controversial. This case-controlled study compared survival, limb salvage, ...
Hummers Laura K - - 2006
Vascular disease is universal in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), but there is a wide variability in its severity. It is clear that there is an early insult to the microvasculature, followed-up by on-going chronic process. This results in profound vascular damage in a subset of patients who develop severe ...
Ates Azman - - 2006
PURPOSE: This is a retrospective clinical study on adult patients treated surgically for Buerger's disease in our region. METHODS: In our clinic, 344 patients with Buerger's disease were surgically treated between 1980 and 2004. The major complaints included foot coldness in 312 (90.6%) patients, color changes in 290 (84.3%), rest ...
Isozaki Koji - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to objectively evaluate the fit of sockets for trans-tibial stumps in order to establish a guideline for use in the automated production of prosthetic sockets. Subjects were 24 trans-tibial amputees. Using a CAD/CAM system, 11 parameters regarding the 3D shape of the stumps and ...
Naqi S A - - 2006
PURPOSE: To present a series of patients presenting with femoral pseudoaneurysm. RESULTS: Seventeen patients who presented with a femoral pseudoaneurysm during a 1 year period were included in this study. Parenteral drug abuse was the most common aetiological factor. The femoral artery was most commonly involved at its bifurcation. Sixteen ...
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