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Ngai Melissa - - 2014
Background: Vitamin D deficiency is associated with secondary yperparathyroidism and mineral and bone disorder (MBD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency, and the association between vitamin D status and MBD in a multi-ethnic CKD population in Southeast Asia. Methods: Predialysis ...
Ruge T T Department of Surgery, Umeå University , Umeå , - - 2014
Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by chronic synovitis and articular cartilage destruction. Increased activities of cathepsin S and cathepsin L, two potent cysteine proteases, are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of the irreversible articular cartilage destruction. Nevertheless, data regarding the potential importance of the cathepsins as ...
Türko─člu Oya O Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Ege University, 35100 Izmir, - - 2014
Aim. Cathepsin C is the activator of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte-derived proteinase 3, which contributes to inflammatory processes. The aim of the present study was to investigate gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) proteinase 3 and cathepsin C levels in periodontal diseases. Design. Eighteen patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), 20 patients with generalized ...
Kim Ho Yeon - - 2013
Objectives. To compare the circulating levels of cathepsin D in preeclamptic and normotensive pregnancies. Design and Methods. Fifty pregnant and 20 healthy non-pregnant patients were enrolled in this study. Of the 50 pregnant patients, 15 were preeclamptic and 35 patients were normotensive. Serum levels of soluble cathepsin D were measured ...
Tooth David - - 2013
Faecal serine proteases (FSPs) may play a role in irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea (IBS-D), but their origin is unclear. We aimed to structurally characterise them and define the impact of colonic cleansing and transit time. Faecal samples were obtained from 30 healthy volunteers (HV) and 79 patients with IBS-D ...
Annaházi Anita - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Luminal serine-proteases lead to increased colonic paracellular permeability and visceral hypersensitivity in patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). Other proteases, namely cysteine-proteases (CPs), increase airway permeability by digesting epithelial tight junction proteins. In this study, we focused on constipation-predominant IBS (IBS-C) and we aimed to (i) evaluate CP levels ...
Laudanski Piotr - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentrations of cathepsins B, D and G in proliferative eutopic endometrium of patients with and without endometriosis, by use of the surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 55 patients were recruited in the study: 31 patients with endometriosis (stages I-IV) and ...
Park Hyung-Doo - - 2012
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) accounts for 95% of pancreatic cancers. CA19-9 is not widely used for screening PDAC due to its low sensitivity. Here, we studied the clinical usefulness of cathepsin D, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) for screening patients with PDAC. A total of 248 ...
Büyüklü Mutlu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Levosimendan is known with its two-sided effects of strengthening myofibril contraction without increasing myocardial oxygen demand. Anemia is a deteriorating situation that causes increase of drug dosing in patients with heart failure. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared the effectiveness of levosimendan treatment in decompensated heart failure patients with ...
Furuta Yasushi - - 2012
To investigate the biological factors related to the onset of Bell's palsy, we sought to identify differentially expressed genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and plasma of patients with Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS). We carried out DNA microarray analyses using PBMCs taken from patients with Bell's ...
Sutter Reto - - 2012
To compare the alpha-angle measurements in volunteers and patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and to develop potential threshold values. This study was approved by the institutional review board; all individuals signed informed consent. Magnetic resonance (MR) images at 1.5 T in 106 individuals (ages 20-50 years) were analyzed in 53 ...
Elliot Hong L - - 2012
Theta-alpha range oscillations have been associated with MMN in healthy controls. Our previous studies showed that theta-alpha activities are highly heritable in schizophrenia patients' families. We aimed to test the hypothesis that theta-alpha activities may contribute to MMN in schizophrenia patients and their family members. We compared MMN and single ...
Schaeffeler Christoph - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether patients with clinically suspected femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) show higher epiphyseal torsion angle values on MR arthrography than healthy volunteers. Another objective was to estimate whether patients with increased epiphyseal torsion angles show a higher incidence of hip abnormalities or a higher ...
Vecchio Fabrizio - - 2012
It has been reported that GSM electromagnetic fields (GSM-EMFs) of mobile phones modulate -after a prolonged exposure- inter-hemispheric synchronization of temporal and frontal resting electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms in normal young and elderly subjects (Vecchio et al., 2007, 2010). Here we tested the hypothesis that this can be even more evident ...
Abbruzzese Giovanni - - 2012
A patient self-rated 19-item wearing-off questionnaire (WOQ-19) was shown to be a potent screening tool for wearing-off (WO) in patients with Parkinson's disease. As part of the early detection of wearing-off in Parkinson's disease study, we preliminarily performed a linguistic and a psychometric validation of an Italian version of the ...
Ponte Filipa - - 2012
Fanconi Anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder, characterized by progressive bone marrow failure and increased predisposition to cancer. Despite being highly heterogeneous, all FA patients are hypersensitive to alkylating agents, in particular to 1,2:3,4-diepoxybutane (DEB), and to oxidative damage. Recent studies point to defective mitochondria in FA cells, which ...
Lehembre Rémy R Cyclotron Research Centre and Neurology Department, University Hospital of Liege, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to look for differences in the power spectra and in EEG connectivity measures between patients in the vegetative state (VS/UWS) and patients in the minimally conscious state (MCS). The EEG of 31 patients was recorded and analyzed. Power spectra were obtained using modern multitaper ...
Rusak Tomasz - - 2011
Polycythemia vera (PV) is associated with an increased frequency of thrombotic complications. This study was undertaken to evaluate the hemostatic balance in the blood of PV patients by means of thromboelastography (TEG). The effect of isovolemic erythrocytapheresis (ECP) on the hemostasis of PV patients was also studied. We assessed the ...
Fingelkurts Alexander A - - 2011
The value of resting electroencephalogram (EEG) in revealing neural constitutes of consciousness (NCC) was examined. We quantified the dynamic repertoire, duration and oscillatory type of EEG microstates in eyes-closed rest in relation to the degree of expression of clinical self-consciousness. For NCC a model was suggested that contrasted normal, severely ...
Modzelewski Romain - - 2011
High-dose (HD) cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) is a major treatment in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) that can lead to cerebellar complications, although electroencephalogram, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging remain normal. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate brain perfusion with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in adult patients before and ...
Giaginis Constantinos - - 2011
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) and its nuclear partners, the Retinoid X Receptors (RXRs), have been recognized as crucial players in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The present study aimed to assess the clinical significance of PPAR-gamma and RXR-alpha expression in different cellular populations localized within advanced carotid atherosclerosis lesions. PPAR-gamma and ...
Lin Yow-Sien - - 2011
Huntington disease (HD) is a degenerative disorder caused by expanded CAG repeats in exon 1 of the huntingtin gene (HTT). Patients with late-stage HD are known to have abnormal auditory processing, but the peripheral auditory functions of HD patients have yet to be thoroughly assessed. In this study, 19 HD ...
Wasay Mohammad - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of neurological manifestations in falciparum malaria. We analyzed adult patients with malaria admitted from 2001 to 2003, diagnosed by asexual forms of Plasmodium falciparum in peripheral blood films and identified cases of malaria with neurological involvement. A patient was ...
de Jager Corine M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE:: To report the case of a 48-year female with chronic remitting anorexia nervosa who was found comatose at home and admitted to our hospital with a deep hypoglycemia (glucose level 0.6 mmol/L; 11 mg/dL) and septic shock secondary to a bilateral pneumonia. METHOD:: Case report. RESULTS:: After admission to ...
Dervaux Alain - - 2013
Psychomotor performance has consistently been found to be altered in chronic cannabis users. Neurological soft signs (NSS) reflect neurological dysfunction involving integrative networks, especially those involving the cerebellum, where cannabinoid receptors are particularly concentrated. Our objective was to study, for the first time, NSS in a group of patients with ...
Kavakli Havva Sahin HS Department of Emergency Medicine, Ankara Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2011
Carbon monoxide poisoning (COP) is one of the important causes of morbidity and mortality in toxicological cases. In this study, we aimed to find out more about the pathophysiology of COP by investigating the effects of COP on oxidative stress parameters such as total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant ...
Panagiotakaki Eleni - - 2010
Alternating hemiplegia of childhood is a neurological disorder characterized by episodes of hemiplegia, various non-epileptic paroxysmal events and global neurological impairment. Characterization of the evolution and outcome into adulthood has not been sufficiently investigated. The goal of this study was to elucidate the natural history of alternating hemiplegia within a ...
Kumaran Anitha - - 2010
Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) is a cause of severe hypoglycemia in the newborn and infancy period and is associated with a high risk of neurologic handicap and epilepsy. Infantile spasms after exposure to HH is rare and has been described in only 1 previous report. We report the clinical, biochemical, and ...
Grünert Sarah Catharina - - 2011
Cobalamin C (cblC) defect, the most common inborn error of cobalamin metabolism, is a multisystem disorder usually presenting with progressive neurological, haematological and ophthalmological signs. We report on a cblC patient diagnosed in the newborn age who developed nearly normal during the first year of life. During an upper respiratory ...
Broccoletti T - - 2011
Background:  Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is a non-curable neurodegenerative disorder, associated with progressive neurological dysfunction, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, immunodeficiency, predisposition to cancer and radiosensitivity. A recent study documented improvement in neurological symptoms after a short-term therapy with betamethasone in patients with A-T. Aim of this study was to evaluate the minimum therapeutically effective ...
Behari Sanjay - - 2010
Localized intervertebral disc and ligamentous ossification may precipitate neurological deficits at any time during the natural course of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We report 2 patients with AS with "moustache' sign (localized intervertebral disc fibrosis and panligamentous ossification) and neurological deficits. One patient had syndesmophytosis (with paraparesis secondary to thoracic spinal ...
Pittock Sean J SJ Mayo Medical School College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2010
Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome and breast carcinoma were initially described as neurologic and oncologic accompaniments of antineuronal nuclear autoantibody type 2 (ANNA-2, also known as anti-Ri). However, the neurologic spectrum of ANNA-2 autoimmunity is broader, includes a syndrome of jaw dystonia and laryngospasm, and can be accompanied by lung carcinoma. To describe ...
de Guise Elaine - - 2010
To compare the acute clinical profile of patients with uncomplicated vs complicated mild TBI (MTBI), socio-demographic and medical history variables were gathered for 176 patients diagnosed with MTBI and with (complicated, N = 45) or without (uncomplicated, N = 131) positive findings on cerebral imaging. Neurological examination, neuropsychological assessment and ...
Sorimachi Takatoshi - - 2010
The frequency and causes of neurological change that occurs in patients within 24 hours after the onset of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), as well as their relationship to outcome, have seldom been reported. This study evaluated 184 patients with supratentorial ICH and neurological deterioration or improvement; measuring their level of consciousness ...
Feng Yan-qing - - 2010
There are no specific treatments for patients with acute, severe neurological deficits caused by neuromyelitis optica (NMO) who fail to recover after treatment with high-dose corticosteroids. We evaluated the clinical response of anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) in patients suffering from steroid-refractory NMO, and investigated the correlation between NMO and tuberculous infection ...
Miller Thomas D - - 2010
Essential thrombocythaemia is one of the chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms and is characterised by a sustained platelet count > or = 450 x 10(9)/l. The clinical course is often indolent but a significant number of patients have thrombotic and haemorrhagic complications. A patient with neurological complications is described, and the pathogenesis ...
Martinelli Diego - - 2011
Cobalamin C (Cbl-C) defect is the most common inborn cobalamin metabolism error; it causes impaired conversion of dietary vitamin B12 into its two metabolically active forms, methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin. Cbl-C defect causes the accumulation of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine and decreased methionine synthesis. The gene responsible for the Cbl-C defect ...
Lee Yen-Ching - - 2011
Introduction: Lithium is a popular medication for bipolar disorder, but very little work has been done to study Asian patients with lithium poisoning. Methods: A total of 21 out of 7140 poisoned patients were referred for management of lithium poisoning between 2000 and 2009. Patients were stratified according to blood ...
Mihaljevic B - - 2010
Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVL) is a rare form of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DBCL) frequently presenting with skin and/or central nervous system (CNS) involvement. IVL involves CNS in 75 - 85% of patients and neurological symptoms include sensory and motor deficits or neuropathies, meningoradiculitis, paresthesia, hypostenia, aphasia, dysarthria, ...
Magner Martin - - 2011
Several recent studies describing a solely vascular presentation of cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) deficiency in adulthood prompted us to analyze the frequency of patients manifesting with vascular complications in the Czech Republic. Between 1980 and 2009, a total of 20 Czech patients with CBS deficiency have been diagnosed yielding an incidence ...
Sorensen Sherman G - - 2010
Paradoxical embolization from right-to-left shunt (RLS) resulting in neurological events is well described and patients with cryptogenic neurological disease are commonly evaluated for this condition. In the course of testing for RLS by bubble contrast transcranial Doppler (TCD), we observed that some patients developed transient neurological symptoms. This report describes ...
Qu Xiao-yan - - 2010
Although neurologic manifestations often complicate the course of patients with multiple myeloma, direct central nervous system invasion is rare. This study explored the neurologic symptoms, signs, clinical features, therapy and prognosis of Chinese patients with central nervous system myeloma invasion. The diagnosis, therapy and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively in 11 ...
Akiyama Masaru - - 2010
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a neurological disease that affects immunodeficient patients. We describe here a case of 64-year-old man with IgD type multiple myeloma (MM) who developed progressive neurological symptoms. T(2)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a hyperintense non-enhancing lesion in the left frontal lobe, and analysis ...
Nathanson Sylvie - - 2010
Neurologic involvement is the most threatening complication of diarrhea-associated hemolytic uremic syndrome (D+HUS). We report a retrospective multicenter series of 52 patients with severe initial neurologic involvement that occurred in the course of D+HUS. Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli infection was documented in 24. All except two patients had acute renal failure ...
Massara Alfonso - - 2010
To perform an observational retrospective cross-sectional case-control study to evaluate prevalence, clinical patterns and outcomes of CNS involvement in a large cohort of primary SS (pSS) patients. A total of 424 pSS patients, diagnosed according to the 2002 criteria proposed by the American-European Consensus Group, were checked for CNS involvement ...
Kesler Anat - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Normal-tension glaucoma is a chronic progressive optic neuropathy of unknown etiology. Neuro-imaging workup in these patients is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of routine neurologic and neuro-ophthalmologic evaluations in patients with NTG. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with NTG in our institution between ...
Turedi Suleyman - - 2011
Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is an emerging diagnostic biomarker for many ischemic conditions. This study was conducted to investigate whether there is a change in IMA levels in carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and, if so, the clinical relevance of IMA levels. This cohort study, performed between November 2008 and April 2009, ...
Kiely Paul - - 2010
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study was undertaken over a 6-month period to determine the incidence of the inverted supinator reflex in asymptomatic, neurologically normal individuals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to assess asymptomatic patients for the presence of the inverted radial reflex and to determine its clinical relevance. ...
Hayashida Hiromi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In past research, procalcitonin (PCT) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) have been reported to be useful biomarkers in predicting neurological outcome after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (CA), although they have only been studied separately. In this study, we compared the usefulness of ...
Estruch-Pérez María J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The bispectral index (BIS) is derived from the EEG and therefore may be useful to diagnose intraoperative cerebral ischaemia. This study was undertaken to investigate BIS changes in awake patients with and without neurological deficits during carotid endarterectomy under regional anaesthesia. METHODS: Seventy consecutive carotid endarterectomies under ...
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