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Results 351 - 400 of 874
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Kambara Chiaki - - 2002
Treatment for Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is controversial, and even the natural history and prognosis are not fully understood. We retrospectively reviewed our cases of MFS for the last 3 years. The analysis of 4 MFS cases revealed that we had performed plasmapheresis or additional immunotherapy to each of 4 ...
Howell Marcus - - 2002
PURPOSE: To examine retrospectively the magnitude of change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) during carotid artery stenting and its relationship to neurological events. METHODS: In a 5-year period ending October 2000, 60 patients (36 men; mean age 67 +/- 9 years) were enrolled in a study to evaluate stenting in ...
Cossu A - - 2002
Different degrees of hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficiency are associated with hyperuricemia, uric acid nephrolithiasis and severe gout. Up to 25-30% of HPRT deficient patients, indicated as neurological variants or HPRT-related hyperuricemia with neurological dysfunction (HRND), may develop neurological manifestation, from mild to severe; the most serious ones manifesting in ...
Volta U - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the clinical and immunological features of coeliac disease patients with neurological disorders. In a large series of adult coeliac disease patients, we investigated the prevalence of neurological disorders and anti-neuronal antibodies, along with the clinical course. METHODS: Neurological symptoms were investigated in 160 consecutive patients ...
Schmutzhard Erich - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of a novel intravascular cooling device (Cool Line catheter with Cool Gard system) to control body temperature (temperature goal <37 degrees C) in neurologic intensive care patients. DESIGN: A prospective, uncontrolled pilot study in 51 consecutive neurologic intensive care patients. SETTING: A neurologic ...
Berger Joseph R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Babinski's reflex (dorsiflexion of the hellus and fanning of the toes in response to plantar stimulation) is a classic sign in neurology. Although typically elicited by stroking the plantar surface of the foot with a firm object, other means of obtaining the response have been described. METHODS: We assessed ...
Vrethem M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The existence of chronic neuroborreliosis is controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate the existence and kind of persistent symptoms in patients previously treated because of neurological symptoms as a result of neuroborreliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 106 patients with neuroborreliosis, according to established criteria, ...
Worthley L I G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnosis and management of drug overdose and poisonings in a two-part presentation. DATA SOURCES: A review of articles reported on drug overdose and poisonings. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: In patients who attempt suicide it is usual for the overdose to be a therapeutic agent, although in the ...
Watling Christopher J - - 2002
In this report, the authors describe three patients with malignant gliomas who experienced paroxysmal neurological symptoms triggered by standing. The symptoms were attributed to acute elevations of intracranial pressure, an uncommon phenomenon called "plateau waves." In each instance, the attacks occurred despite the fact that the patient was receiving dexamethasone ...
Bekkelund Svein Ivar - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of neurological deficits as obtained from clinical examination increases the likelihood of detecting serious underlying brain disorders. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the frequency of reported clinical neurological examination in patients referred to neurology. METHODS: We consecutively evaluated referrals to a neurological centre during a 6-month ...
Meenakshi-Sundaram Salvadeeswaran - - 2002
Wilson's disease is known for its protean manifestations; however involvement of the autonomic nervous system has not received much attention. Fifty patients with varying duration and severity of illness were evaluated for autonomic dysfunction clinically and electrophysiologically, using sympathetic skin response (SSR) and RR interval variability (RRIV) on deep breathing. ...
Marx J J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of clinically suspected reversible ischaemic deficits of the brainstem. METHODS: A total of 158 consecutive patients presenting with acute signs of brainstem dysfunction were investigated using EPI diffusion weighted MRI within 24 hours of the ...
Corcoran T B - - 2002
A thiamine deficient patient presented to the emergency department with an acute confusional state, becoming unconscious and hypotensive following the administration of 32 g of intravenous glucose over 4 hr. A dramatic clinical improvement in his cardiovascular and neurological status followed a single intra-venous dose of 250 mg of thiamine. ...
Beristain Xabier - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Intravascular lymphomatosis (IVL) is an uncommon systemic disease characterized by occlusion of small vessels by malignant lymphomatous cells. Central nervous system involvement usually presents as subacute encephalopathy, dementia, seizures, or multifocal cerebrovascular events. OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness about IVL, an uncommon cause of neurological disease. DESIGN: This is a ...
Kochar D K - - 2002
AIMS OF THE STUDY: As per WHO (1993) the assessment and analysis of local problems and an appropriate epidemiological information system is an essential part of a control programme before embarking any control activity. METHODOLOGY: Four hundred and fourty one (441) adults of strictly defined admitted cerebral malaria patients were ...
Aurelius Elisabeth - - 2002
In order to study the long-term course after herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) meningitis and/or myeloradiculitis the records of 40 consecutive patients were studied. During the year following the acute phase, verified or suspected neurologic recurrences were noted in nearly half of the patients: 1 or more episodes of ...
Hilz M J - - 2002
The neurological manifestations of Fabry disease include severe episodes of lancinating pain and burning paraesthesias in the extremities, often triggered by changes in temperature. The preferential involvement of small nerve fibres and the accumulation of storage product in the central autonomic nervous system and autonomic ganglia means that standard neurophysiological ...
Schretlen D J - - 2001
Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is a rare, X-linked genetic disorder that involves the nearly complete absence of an enzyme (hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase, or HPRT) that is essential for purine salvage. In addition to hyperuricemia, all patients with classic LND suffer from movement disorder and compulsive self-injury, and most have mental retardation. Patients ...
Meloni G - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurologic symptoms are present in 60% of patients with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) on initial examination and ultimately develop in about 90% of cases during the course of the disease. Despite central nervous system involvement being frequent, abnormalities in the brain of patients with TTP are infrequent ...
Jardim L B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical, genetic, and molecular characteristics of a group of MJD patients recently identified in the southernmost state of Brazil, and compare these data with studies from the literature. METHODS: Some 62 individuals from 35 families, mostly of Azorean ancestry, had their clinical data and their MJD1 ...
Schaefer P W - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A pattern of decreased intensity on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps is useful in the early detection of ischemic brain injury. Less information exists with regard to patients with acute neurologic deficits in whom there is abnormal conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and increased ADC intensity. METHODS: ...
Chariot P - - 2001
The application of handcuffs may result in compression neuropathies at the wrist. The frequency of these complications is unknown. Twelve of 190 (6.3%) consecutive subjects kept in police custody presented distal neurological symptoms possibly related to handcuff application. The duration of handcuffing was significantly longer in patients with neurological symptoms ...
Hsieh B H - - 2001
Organophosphate poisonings are not uncommon, and are the leading cause of death in suicide patients in Taiwan. Acute cholinergic crisis caused by the inhibition of synaptic acetylcholinesterase is the major manifestation of organophosphate poisoning and may cause death within minutes. Delayed neurotoxicities include intermediate syndrome and delayed polyneuropathy have also ...
Thorner Anna R. - - 2001
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is a subacute demyelinating disease that occurs in patients with defects in cell-mediated immunity, including those with AIDS and lymphoproliferative disorders. It is caused by reactivation of JC virus (JCV), which infects 70% to 90% of the population by adulthood, but remains latent in normal hosts. Once ...
Holländer R - - 2001
During 11 months 58 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-Kp) isolates were grown from 10 patients on a neurological early rehabilitation unit. The patients had no signs of infection but were colonized in the nose and trachea, and unusually only one had colonization in the gut. A single clone of ESBL-Kp ...
Lafitte C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To better delineate the spectrum of neurological complications of primary Sjögren's syndrome (PSS). METHODS: A detailed neurological investigation was prospectively performed in a group of 25 consecutive patients with PSS followed in an internal medicine department between June 1996 and December 1997 (Internal Medicine group). In addition, eleven patients ...
Yukawa M - - 2001
Folic acid (folate) levels were measured in the serum of patients with various neurological diseases in Japan. Thirty-six patients showed decreased serum folate levels among 343 consecutive neurological patients (10.5%). Folate administration (15 mg/d) to folate-deficient patients improved neurological symptoms in 24 of 36 cases (67%). Serum folate levels were ...
LeMaire S A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Astrocyte protein S100beta is a potential serum marker for neurologic injury. The goals of this study were to determine whether elevated serum S100beta correlates with neurologic complications in patients requiring hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) during thoracic aortic repair, and to determine the impact of retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) on ...
Gunaratne P S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and course of neurological complications of measles. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Neurology Unit, Teaching Hospital, Kandy. PATIENTS: 10 patients admitted with neurological complications of measles during an outbreak. MEASUREMENTS: Assessment of clinical features and the neurological investigations. RESULTS: 6 had CSF IgM antibodies confirming ...
Mehta S R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We studied the clinical profile and autopsy findings of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning encountered at a hospital located at the altitude of 5,000 ft above mean sea level. METHODS: Clinical and postmortem findings in 25 and 15 cases of accidental CO poisoning respectively were evaluated. The diagnosis was made ...
Straussberg R - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adenovirus is a common pathogen in the pediatric population. Respiratory, gastrointestinal, or renal systems are often involved in adenovirus infections. Several neurologic syndromes have been attributed to adenovirus, such as adenovirus aseptic meningitis, myelitis, subacute focal encephalitis, and Reye-like syndrome. The purpose of this study was to ...
Holcomb B W - - 2001
Paradoxical systemic air embolism (PAE) occurring as a complication of right-to-left intracardiac shunting during evaluation and treatment of pulmonary hypertension (PH) has not been previously reported. We report four cases of PH-associated PAE recently encountered at our center. Two patients with PH experienced transient neurologic deficits during agitated-saline contrast echocardiography ...
Masuda Y - - 2001
Two mass-food poisonings called Yusho and Yucheng occurred in Japan and Taiwan in 1968 and 1979, respectively. Blood samples from five Yusho patients and three Yucheng patients were collected several times from 1982 to 1998 and from 1980 to 1995, respectively, and analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) and polychlorinated biphenyls ...
Chong H T - - 2001
Over the past 3 decades, plasmapheresis has been used more extensively for a variety of neurological and hematological disorders. We undertook a retrospective review to ascertain its safety, efficacy, and factor(s) that predispose to poor outcome. We reviewed 117 plasma exchanges in 24 patients with a mean age of 43 ...
Futagami K - - 2001
Non-traumatic rhabdomyolysis associated with organophosphate intoxication has not been generally reported. We report here in a severe case of fenitrothion poisoning complicated by rhabdomyolysis. A 43-year-old woman ingested approximately 100 ml of fenitrothion emulsion (50%) in an attempt to commit suicide. On day 3 after admission, her creatine phosphokinase (CPK) ...
Wityk R J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Neurologic complications after cardiac surgery include stroke, encephalopathy, and persistent cognitive impairments. More precise neuroimaging of patients with these complications may lead to a better understanding of the etiology and treatment of these disorders. OBJECTIVE: To study the pattern of ischemic changes on diffusion- and perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging ...
Lynch R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To investigate and quantify the differences in neurological examination findings in patients acutely poisoned with carbon monoxide, between initial assessment at accident and emergency (A&E) departments and subsequently at a hyperbaric unit. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of all patients referred to the Hull Hyperbaric Unit for treatment of ...
Brent J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Methanol poisoning may result in metabolic acidosis, blindness, and death. The inhibition of alcohol dehydrogenase is fundamental to the treatment of methanol poisoning. We performed a multicenter study to evaluate fomepizole, an inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase, in the treatment of patients with methanol poisoning. METHODS: We administered intravenous fomepizole ...
Siva A - - 2001
This study was conducted to describe clinical and prognostic aspects of neurological involvement in Behçet's disease (BD). Patients referred for neurological evaluation fulfilled the criteria of the International Study Group for Behçet's Disease. We analyzed disability and survival by the Kaplan-Meier method, using Kurtzke's Extended Disability Status Scale (modified for ...
Cadranel J F - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Focal neurological signs have been poorly documented in the course of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotic patients because they are not mentioned in any textbooks of liver diseases. Having the opportunity to observe such cases, we underwent a prospective study to determine incidence, characteristics, associated factors, prognostic significance, and outcome ...
Adler G - - 2001
After electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), many patients experience a decrement in their mnestic capacity. We studied episodic memory in eight severely depressed patients treated with a course of right-unilateral ECT. For this purpose, a testing instrument was constructed by the authors. It was made of paper cards that held four pieces ...
Deng J F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Ethylene chlorohydrin (CAS 107-07-3), a chemical once used in hastening grape vine sprouting in Taiwan, has caused severe toxicity upon acute exposure. Although such use of ethylene chlorohydrin is now prohibited in Taiwan, poisoning still occurs following its illegal use. Since data concerning human ethylene chlorohydrin poisoning remain rare, ...
Pach J - - 2001
The aim of the study was to evaluate myocardial perfusion in acute carbon monoxide poisoned patients using rest and stress Tc 99m-MIBI SPECT scintigraphy. There were 29 study patients (15 men and 14 women) aged from 14 to 46 years poisoned acutely with CO at home. Measurement of COHb, blood ...
Alvarez-Sabín J - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiac myxomas may present clinically with many different features. Since highly effective treatments exist, it is important that they are diagnosed quickly in order to avoid further complications. Our aim was to determine the influence of neurological presentation in diagnosis and prognosis of cardiac myxomas. METHODS: We ...
Calvo M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to review the patients with a final diagnosis of inborn error of metabolism (IEM) who had previously required clinical attention at the emergency unit of our hospital over the last 9 years. METHODS: From the 184 patients with IEM, we selected 53 patients who required clinical ...
Dumont A S - - 2000
PURPOSE: We report the treatment and follow-up, including MRI, of two patients with idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis and review the English language literature, with emphasis on management and outcome in this rare disorder. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The files of two patients were reviewed, with relevant histopathology and imaging (MRI). The first ...
Kesler A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of neurological abnormalities in patients with ET and attempt to identify risk factors for neurological complications. METHOD: Ninety-five patient charts were reviewed from January 1983-July 1999. Seventy patients fulfilled the Polycythemia Vera Study Group criteria for diagnosing ET. RESULTS: Eighteen patients (25.7%) had episodes of ...
Vucinić S - - 2000
Since severe and fatal poisoning with beta-blockers due only to beta-receptor blockade is unlikely, a prospective and partly retrospective analysis of 67 patients with beta-blockers poisoning was done in five-year period in order to determine the factors influencing the degree and outcome of acute poisoning. According to pharmacological properties of ...
Taggard D A - - 2000
OBJECT: Operative intervention for craniovertebral junction (CVJ) instability in patients with Down syndrome has become controversial, with reports of a low incidence of associated neurological dysfunction and high surgical morbidity rates. The authors analyzed their experience in light of these poor results and attempted to evaluate differences in management. METHODS: ...
Brenton D P - - 2000
Neurological abnormalities in phenylketonuria were described before dietary treatment became possible. These included tremor, clumsiness, epilepsy, spastic paraparesis and occasionally extrapyramidal features. Neurological deterioration after childhood was recognised. Patients with neurological deterioration described recently have been late diagnosed or intellectually impaired or both. No early diagnosed patient who was well ...
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