Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 889
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Ringleb P A - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Takayasu arteritis is well known as a cause of stroke in Asia but has rarely been described in the Western world. Here we report the clinical and neuroimaging follow-up of a series of patients with Takayasu arteritis from Europe. METHODS: Seventeen consecutive patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for ...
Madan Sonia - - 2005
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis(ADEM) is an uncommon inflammatory demyelinating disease involving central nervous system white matter. A series of seven cases seen over a period of one year have been described. The patients presented with acute onset of focal neurological deficit (3 patients), alteration of sensorium(3) and ataxia(1). CT scan showed ...
Bahloul Mabrouk - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the incidence, clinical manifestations, and prognosis of neurological complications secondary to scorpion envenomation. MATERIAL/METHODS: A retrospective study over a 13-year period including all patients admitted to our ICU for scorpion envenomation. RESULTS: During the period of study, 951 patients were admitted due to scorpion ...
Giladi N - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and systematically characterize a group of older adults with disturbed gait of unknown origin. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic in a movement disorders unit. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients (mean age 78.4 years) with a disturbed gait of unknown origin were compared with twenty-eight age matched "healthy" controls ...
Macrea Lucian M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION:: The association between the degree of neurological deficit and cardiopulmonary dysfunction in patients with spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is poorly understood. METHOD: A systematic search (MEDLINE, bibliographies, to 9.2004) was performed for prospective studies (any architecture; > or = 10 patients with SAH), reporting on neurological deficit and cardiopulmonary ...
Kventsel Iris - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The use of competitive inhibitors of acetylcholine other than atropine, for patients with organophosphate poisoning is controversial. Because scopolamine ability to cross the blood-brain barrier is better than that of atropine, it has been suggested that it should be used in patients with organophosphate poisoning who have central nervous ...
Valles Patricia G - - 2005
The inflammatory response of host endothelial cells is included in the development of vascular damage observed in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) infection, resulting in hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The response to a non-conventional treatment for a group of D+ HUS (diarrhea positive HUS) patients, with clinical hemodynamic parameters of septic ...
Takase K - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical pathology and postoperative outcomes of patients with neurilemmoma in the upper extremity who underwent tumour enucleation, and the correlation factors for neurological deficits apart from enucleation of nerve fascicles. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate the state of lesions of the patients with ...
Banik Rudrani - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Eyelid myokymia, unlike myokymia of the other facial muscles, is assumed to be a benign, self-limited disorder. However, no systematic follow-up study has been performed on patients with chronic, isolated eyelid myokymia to verify its benign nature. METHODS: Retrospective single-institution chart review of 15 patients examined between 1983 and ...
Ozhan H - - 2004
An unusual type of food poisoning is commonly seen in the Black Sea coast of Turkey attributable to andromedotoxin containing toxic honey ingestion. This study is a retrospective case series of 19 patients admitted to an emergency department in 2002, poisoned by "mad" honey. All of the patients had the ...
Mwanza J-C - - 2004
To determine the frequency and features of neuro-ophthalmological manifestations in neurologically symptomatic HIV infected patients and to assess whether or not the visual evoked potential (VEP) features in these patients differ from those of neurologically asymptomatic HIV infected patients. Neuro-ophthalmological evaluation was performed in 166 neurologically symptomatic confirmed HIV positive ...
Stöllberger Claudia - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVHT) is frequently associated with neuromuscular disorders (NMD). It is unknown, whether LVHT patients differ according to the presence or absence of NMD. Aim of the study was to assess, if clinical, ECG or echocardiographic findings differ between LVHT patients with and without NMD. METHODS: Included ...
Jain A K - - 2004
We reviewed 64 anterolateral decompressions performed on 63 patients with tuberculosis of the dorsal spine (D1 to L1). The mean age of the patients was 35 years (9 to 73) with no gender preponderance. All patients had severe paraplegia (two cases grade III, 61 cases grade IV). The mean number ...
Delalande Sophie - - 2004
Neurologic involvement occurs in approximately 20% of patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (SS). However, the diagnosis of SS with neurologic involvement is sometimes difficult, and central nervous system (CNS) manifestations have been described rarely. We conducted the current study to describe the clinical and laboratory features of SS patients with ...
Schluterman Keith O KO Department of Neurology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 W. Markham Street, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2004
Although neurologic manifestations often complicate the course of patients with multiple myeloma (MM), direct central nervous system invasion is rare. To describe the neurologic symptoms and signs, imaging, cerebrospinal fluid findings, and the clinical course of patients with central nervous system myeloma invasion, all of whom had leptomeningeal myelomatosis. Review ...
Page R A - - 2004
The progression of Wilson disease (WD), a disorder of copper metabolism, can be arrested by chelation therapy. However, neurologic deficits may persist despite adequate treatment. MRI is used to assess patients with WD, but previous attempts to correlate clinical progression with the investigation findings have often been unsuccessful. To identify ...
Akkas Meltem - - 2004
This study evaluated the characteristics of orally poisoned patients admitted to our emergency department (ED) between January 1, 1998 and February 28, 2002. This study included 1098 patients. Poisoning cases annualy accounted for 0.5-1.3% of total patient admission during this period. The average age of the patients was 26y old. ...
Kumar Neeraj - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Copper deficiency in ruminants is known to cause an ataxic myelopathy. Copper deficiency as a cause of progressive myelopathy in adults is underrecognized. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical, biochemical, electrophysiologic, and imaging characteristics in 13 patients with myelopathy associated with copper deficiency. METHODS: The records of patients with a ...
Park Soochul - - 2004
The clinical cases of 6 patients suffering with chorea after acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning were reviewed. There were 2 men and 4 women, and the age at onset ranged from 11 to 60 (mean 33.0) years. All the patients except one were associated with mild delayed CO encephalopathy. The ...
Chuah Kenneth C - - 2004
Angiography has known and documented risks of neurological events. We prospectively studied 20 patients who underwent diagnostic cerebral angiographic examinations and diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI). Eighteen patients had DWI before and after their angiogram, whereas two patients had a DWI only after their angiogram (DWI was normal in both of these ...
Makkar Hanspaul S - - 2004
Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) is a rare congenital disorder characterized by the presence of large or multiple congenital melanocytic nevi in association with benign or malignant proliferation of melanocytes in the leptomeninges. NCM is believed to occur as a consequence of an error in morphogenesis in neural ectoderm in the developing ...
Brvar Miran - - 2004
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is the most common form of lethal poisoning. The aim of this prospective clinical study was to assess the possible role of S100B, the structural protein in the astroglia, as a biochemical marker of brain injury in carbon monoxide poisoning. Serum S100B determination was performed in ...
Gökçay Figen - - 2004
We evaluated cognitive dysfunction in Behçet's disease (BD) with and without neurological manifestations by P300 and neuropsychological tests. Thirty-four BD patients without neurological manifestations, eighteen BD patients with neurological manifestations and 15 controls were studied. P300 potentials and neuropsychological tests were performed. P300 latency values and neuropsychological tests were not ...
Walker Melanie - - 2004
Chronic gastrointestinal disease can result in nutritional deficiencies that can have a direct effect on the neurologic system. Although acute abnormalities can be corrected, symptoms are rarely reversible. Recognizing the appropriate abnormality is a crucial part of long-term treatment strategies in this population. Because motor and cerebellar symptoms can contribute ...
Sayao Ana-Luiza - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Between August 25 and September 25, 2003 seven patients with West Nile virus neurological manifestations were identified through the hospital neurology consultation services in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Three of the seven patients were treated with interferon alpha-2b (IFN alpha-2b). In this report we document the clinical characteristics of these ...
Kado Hirotsugu - - 2004
We describe two patients with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. One developed diseased hypoxic encephalopathy, and the other recovered completely. In the patient with progressive hypoxic encephalopathy, the magnetization transfer ratios (MTRs) had already decreased during the lucid period, while the patient with complete recovery showed no reduction of MTRs during ...
Arboix Adrià - - 2004
We describe the case of a 76-year-old male patient who developed acute manifestations of pseudobulbar palsy without a history of stroke or vascular risk factors as the first manifestation of intravascular lymphomatosis. Neurological symptoms of acute pseudobulbar palsy appeared on the second postoperative day after transurethral prostatectomy for the treatment ...
Jolly Meenakshi - - 2004
Apparent central nervous system vasculitis could have a benign course in a subset of patients and is referred to as benign angiopathy of the central nervous system (BACNS). This is mostly is seen in young women and presents with acute onset of neurologic symptoms, usually in the form of severe ...
de Seze Jérôme - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of autoantibodies against alpha-fodrin in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) with neurological manifestations compared to SS patients without neurological manifestations, a control group, and patients with other neurological autoimmune diseases including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with neurological manifestations and multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We ...
Asari Yasushi - - 2004
The main cause of death due to acute organophosphate poisoning is believed acute respiratory failure caused by peripheral and central cholinergic actions. Today, advances in respiratory management and intensive care make it possible to maintain the respiratory function of patients with organophosphate poisoning, but it is still difficult to maintain ...
Morcuende José A - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive series of patients with idiopathic scoliosis with atypical features. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to define a specific yet sensitive set of signs and symptoms to indicate the use of MRI in patients with atypical idiopathic scoliosis. Specifically, this study empirically defines a new diagnostic ...
Palenzona Sandra - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Olanzapine is an atypical antipsychotic drug that is increasingly used in intentional drug overdoses. Although acute olanzapine overdose is predominantly associated with anticholinergic symptoms and central nervous system depression, miosis and unpredictable fluctuations between somnolence/coma and agitation/ aggression have been suggested as typical signs of olanzapine intoxication in single ...
Pach Dorota - - 2004
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning continues to be a significant health problem. An early assessment of organs injury due to carbon monoxide poisoning is even more difficult than confirming the diagnosis of CO poisoning. Numerous neuroimaging techniques have been used to evaluate CO intoxication. The aim of this pilot study was ...
Weiss-Guillet Eva-Maria - - 2003
Electrolyte and fluid imbalances are disorders frequently observed in critical care patients. In many instances patients are asymptomatic, but they may also present with neurological alterations, severe muscle weakness, nausea and vomiting or cardiovascular emergencies. Therefore, a pathophysiological understanding of these disorders is necessary for initiating an appropriate therapy. After ...
Rabinstein Alejandro A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is the most common and important electrolyte disorder encountered in the neurologic intensive care unit (NICU). Advances in our knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms at play in patients with acute neurologic disease have improved our understanding of this derangement. REVIEW SUMMARY: Evaluation of hyponatremia requires a structured approach ...
Sunko B Mazul - - 2003
In a 33-weeks pregnant patient with a head injury, neurological status severely deteriorated after introduction of tocolytic treatment with ritodrine. On admission to the intensive care unit she scored 10 points on the Glasgow coma scale. She gradually recovered and on day 7 there was no neurological deficit, apart from ...
Uede K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Four people died and 63 others became ill after eating arsenic-laced curry served at a community festival in Wakayama, Japan, on 25 July 1998. Although dermatological manifestations after the acute ingestion of arsenic have seldom been documented, they were observed in 56% of the victims in the Wakayama curry-poisoning ...
Aygun D - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Organophosphorus-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP) characterised with cramping pain, paresthesias in the lower extremities and occasionally in the hands, followed by weakness of the distal limb muscles, especially in the legs, and partial denervation of affected muscles often develops within first 3 weeks following acute poisoning. OBJECTIVES: To determine the ...
Wu Ming-Ling - - 2003
Ferric chloride is both a corrosive acid and iron compound; reports of poisoning in humans are rare. A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate patients with ferric chloride exposure reported to Poison Control Center-Taipei Veterans General Hospital during 1990-2001. After exclusion of incomplete records, 16 patients with ferric chloride exposure ...
Elst Elisabeth F - - 2003
We present 3 patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) and severe central nervous system (CNS) complications. All patients had at least 4 positive criteria of Bohan and Peter, which confirmed a definite diagnosis of JDM. They were all male, and had a relatively high creatinine kinase value at admission (1532-4260 U/l). ...
Glassmire David M - - 2003
A number of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) items have been hypothesized to reflect neurologic symptomatology, rather than psychopathology, among closed-head-injury (CHI) patients. Some investigators have proposed a correction factor interpretive approach, which involves the deletion of such items from the MMPI-2 profile, as a method of reducing the probability ...
Hedera Peter - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with idiopathic zinc overload without an identifiable source and secondary copper deficiency causing myelopolyneuropathy and pancytopenia. DESIGN: Case report. PATIENT AND RESULTS: A 46-year-old man presented with severe bone marrow suppression and subsequently developed progressive myelopathy with sensory ataxia. No identifiable cause of myelopathy was ...
Bélanger-Quintana Amaya - - 2003
Diseases that cause hyperammonaemia usually appear during the neonatal period or during the first months of life as severe neurological metabolic distress. In some cases, as the one reported here, the age of onset and initial symptoms are non-specific and the episodes of acute metabolic encephalopathy may be attributed to ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern and epidemiology of anticholinergic plant poisoning, and to characterize its time course and clinical features. METHODS: We reviewed all anticholinergic plant poisonings using a prospective database of all poisonings admitted to a major toxicology unit in Australia. All patients that presented with anticholinergic plant poisoning ...
Boeve Bradley F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment response with melatonin for rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) associated with other neurologic disorders. BACKGROUND: Clonazepam has been considered the treatment of choice for RBD. However, an alternative treatment is desirable for those with RBD refractory to clonazepam, for those who experience ...
Sanap M - - 2003
A case of severe ethanol toxicity is described where a patient was admitted pulseless, apnoeic and deeply unconscious after ingesting a full bottle (1 litre) of 'methylated spirits' The initial blood ethanol level was 1.127 g/dL. The patient was rapidly intubated and resuscitated with fluids and inotropic agents. Renal replacement ...
Tubbs R S - - 2003
We review and describe the neurological presentation and long-term outcome of patients with meningocele manqué, and describe the dysraphic features associated with this entity. Our series of patients was collected over a 25-year period with a mean follow-up of 11.5 years. The mean age of presentation was 10.4 years and ...
Allen Roger K A - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are few published prospective studies of neurosarcoidosis. To establish the incidence of neurological involvement and the response to treatment in patients presenting with sarcoidosis. METHODS: From 1991 to 1994, 123 patients were studied prospectively at the Prince Charles Hospital using a purpose designed computerised database (1). ...
Al-Araji A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of neurological involvement in Behcet's disease in a prospective study, and to describe the clinical patterns of neurological presentation in this disease in patients attending a multidisciplinary clinic in Baghdad. METHODS: All patients attending the clinic who fulfilled the international study group criteria for the ...
Buccino G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the present study was to assess long-term neurological and cognitive outcome in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). METHODS: We re-investigated by means of a face to face interview all patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CVST, collected at our Department over the years ...
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