Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 857
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Pach Dorota - - 2004
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning continues to be a significant health problem. An early assessment of organs injury due to carbon monoxide poisoning is even more difficult than confirming the diagnosis of CO poisoning. Numerous neuroimaging techniques have been used to evaluate CO intoxication. The aim of this pilot study was ...
Weiss-Guillet Eva-Maria - - 2003
Electrolyte and fluid imbalances are disorders frequently observed in critical care patients. In many instances patients are asymptomatic, but they may also present with neurological alterations, severe muscle weakness, nausea and vomiting or cardiovascular emergencies. Therefore, a pathophysiological understanding of these disorders is necessary for initiating an appropriate therapy. After ...
Rabinstein Alejandro A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is the most common and important electrolyte disorder encountered in the neurologic intensive care unit (NICU). Advances in our knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms at play in patients with acute neurologic disease have improved our understanding of this derangement. REVIEW SUMMARY: Evaluation of hyponatremia requires a structured approach ...
Sunko B Mazul - - 2003
In a 33-weeks pregnant patient with a head injury, neurological status severely deteriorated after introduction of tocolytic treatment with ritodrine. On admission to the intensive care unit she scored 10 points on the Glasgow coma scale. She gradually recovered and on day 7 there was no neurological deficit, apart from ...
Uede K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Four people died and 63 others became ill after eating arsenic-laced curry served at a community festival in Wakayama, Japan, on 25 July 1998. Although dermatological manifestations after the acute ingestion of arsenic have seldom been documented, they were observed in 56% of the victims in the Wakayama curry-poisoning ...
Aygun D - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Organophosphorus-induced delayed polyneuropathy (OPIDP) characterised with cramping pain, paresthesias in the lower extremities and occasionally in the hands, followed by weakness of the distal limb muscles, especially in the legs, and partial denervation of affected muscles often develops within first 3 weeks following acute poisoning. OBJECTIVES: To determine the ...
Wu Ming-Ling - - 2003
Ferric chloride is both a corrosive acid and iron compound; reports of poisoning in humans are rare. A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate patients with ferric chloride exposure reported to Poison Control Center-Taipei Veterans General Hospital during 1990-2001. After exclusion of incomplete records, 16 patients with ferric chloride exposure ...
Elst Elisabeth F - - 2003
We present 3 patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) and severe central nervous system (CNS) complications. All patients had at least 4 positive criteria of Bohan and Peter, which confirmed a definite diagnosis of JDM. They were all male, and had a relatively high creatinine kinase value at admission (1532-4260 U/l). ...
Glassmire David M - - 2003
A number of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) items have been hypothesized to reflect neurologic symptomatology, rather than psychopathology, among closed-head-injury (CHI) patients. Some investigators have proposed a correction factor interpretive approach, which involves the deletion of such items from the MMPI-2 profile, as a method of reducing the probability ...
Hedera Peter - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with idiopathic zinc overload without an identifiable source and secondary copper deficiency causing myelopolyneuropathy and pancytopenia. DESIGN: Case report. PATIENT AND RESULTS: A 46-year-old man presented with severe bone marrow suppression and subsequently developed progressive myelopathy with sensory ataxia. No identifiable cause of myelopathy was ...
Bélanger-Quintana Amaya - - 2003
Diseases that cause hyperammonaemia usually appear during the neonatal period or during the first months of life as severe neurological metabolic distress. In some cases, as the one reported here, the age of onset and initial symptoms are non-specific and the episodes of acute metabolic encephalopathy may be attributed to ...
Isbister Geoffrey K - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern and epidemiology of anticholinergic plant poisoning, and to characterize its time course and clinical features. METHODS: We reviewed all anticholinergic plant poisonings using a prospective database of all poisonings admitted to a major toxicology unit in Australia. All patients that presented with anticholinergic plant poisoning ...
Boeve Bradley F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment response with melatonin for rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) associated with other neurologic disorders. BACKGROUND: Clonazepam has been considered the treatment of choice for RBD. However, an alternative treatment is desirable for those with RBD refractory to clonazepam, for those who experience ...
Sanap M - - 2003
A case of severe ethanol toxicity is described where a patient was admitted pulseless, apnoeic and deeply unconscious after ingesting a full bottle (1 litre) of 'methylated spirits' The initial blood ethanol level was 1.127 g/dL. The patient was rapidly intubated and resuscitated with fluids and inotropic agents. Renal replacement ...
Tubbs R S - - 2003
We review and describe the neurological presentation and long-term outcome of patients with meningocele manqué, and describe the dysraphic features associated with this entity. Our series of patients was collected over a 25-year period with a mean follow-up of 11.5 years. The mean age of presentation was 10.4 years and ...
Allen Roger K A - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are few published prospective studies of neurosarcoidosis. To establish the incidence of neurological involvement and the response to treatment in patients presenting with sarcoidosis. METHODS: From 1991 to 1994, 123 patients were studied prospectively at the Prince Charles Hospital using a purpose designed computerised database (1). ...
Al-Araji A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of neurological involvement in Behcet's disease in a prospective study, and to describe the clinical patterns of neurological presentation in this disease in patients attending a multidisciplinary clinic in Baghdad. METHODS: All patients attending the clinic who fulfilled the international study group criteria for the ...
Buccino G - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of the present study was to assess long-term neurological and cognitive outcome in patients with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). METHODS: We re-investigated by means of a face to face interview all patients with a confirmed diagnosis of CVST, collected at our Department over the years ...
Tursen Umit - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease is a multisystem disease featuring mucocutaneous, ocular, articular, vascular, intestinal, urogenital, and neurologic involvement and occurs with a high prevalence in the Mediterranean including Turkey. Higher incidence of severe clinical course and systemic involvement is observed in male patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of sex on ...
Sønderkaer Signe - - 2003
PURPOSE: To evaluate the pattern of neurological late effects in patients who have received surgery only for a brain tumor in childhood and to identify possible risk factors for neurological sequelae. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical, histologic, and operative records were reviewed for 65 consecutive patients operated for a benign ...
Brewer George J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: It is unclear what anticopper drug to use for patients with Wilson disease who present with neurologic manifestations because penicillamine often makes them neurologically worse and zinc is slow acting. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of neurologic worsening and drug adverse effects with ammonium tetrathiomolybdate. DESIGN: Open-label study of ...
Lee Hae Wan - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Multiple symmetric lipomatosis (MSL) is a rare disorder that is characterized by abnormal adipose tissue growth mainly at the neck, abdominal wall, back, shoulder girdle, and arms. A suggested mechanism for accumulation of adipose tissue is a defect in the lipolytic pathway of fat cell. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ...
Unluoglu I - - 2003
One hundred and forty-three cases (89 women and 54 men) of mushroom poisoning recorded at the emergency service of Osmangazi University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, between 1996 and 2000 were evaluated. The first symptoms seen were loss of consciousness, fatigue, dizziness, severe headaches, abdominal discomfort and vomiting. The symptoms characteristically ...
Barthel Henryk - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although previous brain imaging studies of Wilson disease (WD) focused on the dopaminergic system, correlational data on the integrity of the pre- and postsynaptic compartments are lacking. The present study was initiated to intra-individually determine the integrity of these compartments in patients with WD. METHODS: A total ...
Miossec-Chauvet E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), formerly called carbohydrate-deficient glycoprotein syndromes, constitute a newly identified group of multisystem disorders characterized by defective glycosylation of N-glycosylated proteins. The objective of this work was to describe precisely neurological findings in patients with type Ia CDG (CDG-Ia) and to compare our results with ...
John M - - 2003
Muscle injury and its role in the development of Type II paralysis was studied in 25 patients with acute organophosphate poisoning. All patients were assessed for severity of poisoning at admission and through the course of poisoning for the development and duration of intermediate syndrome (IS) (Type II paralysis). Blood ...
Pellecchia M T - - 2003
Thirty patients with Wilson's disease (WD) were observed at a movement disorder clinic between 1970 and 2000. Disease onset was at the mean age (SD) of 14.5 (+/-5.9) years. Presentation with hepatic disease occurred in 12 of 30 patients and with neurologic disease in 15. Three patients were asymptomatic at ...
Hubalewska-Hoła Alicja - - 2003
The results of myocardial (99mTc-MIBI SPECT) perfusion scintigraphy according to clinical evaluation, ECG, biochemical factors of necrosis and indicators of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning severity are described in the paper. Under examination there were 88 young (mean age 26 +/- 8.5) acutely CO poisoned patients without previous cardiac illness history, ...
Qureshi Adnan I - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the time interval between symptom onset and neurologic deterioration related to cerebral edema in patients with massive middle cerebral artery infarction. The time period between onset and neurologic deterioration represents the window for surgical intervention. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective chart review. SETTINGS: Five university-affiliated medical centers. PATIENTS: Fifty-three ...
Choukri F - - 2003
In Moroccan patients, predisposition to Behçet's disease is associated with HLA-B*51, mostly in males with young age at disease onset. In addition, the disease is associated with B*15 both in females and in males with late disease onset. We analyzed the clinical presentation, the severity and the course of the ...
Wittstock Matthias - - 2003
Therapy with intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) is thought to be a safe treatment for a number of immune-mediated neurological diseases. Published data about prevalence of adverse effects range from 11 to 81%. The purpose of our study was to present a representative view on adverse effects by analysis of a large ...
de Haro Luc - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ciguatera is a disease caused by the ingestion of fish containing the toxins of Gambierdiscus toxicus. This dinoflagellate is frequently found in damaged coral reef systems. Previously rare in Europe, this disease entity is now seen in tourists returning from tropical countries. CASE SERIES: Eighteen patients were examined between ...
Carmel Ralph - - 2003
The unknown biochemical basis for neurologic dysfunction in cobalamin deficiency and the frequent divergence between neurologic and hematologic manifestations led us to study homocysteine metabolism in 22 patients with pernicious anemia. Serum levels of total homocysteine (tHcy), methionine, S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), cysteine, cysteinylglycine (cys-gly), and glutathione (GSH) were measured. Only levels ...
Kambara Chiaki - - 2002
Treatment for Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is controversial, and even the natural history and prognosis are not fully understood. We retrospectively reviewed our cases of MFS for the last 3 years. The analysis of 4 MFS cases revealed that we had performed plasmapheresis or additional immunotherapy to each of 4 ...
Howell Marcus - - 2002
PURPOSE: To examine retrospectively the magnitude of change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) during carotid artery stenting and its relationship to neurological events. METHODS: In a 5-year period ending October 2000, 60 patients (36 men; mean age 67 +/- 9 years) were enrolled in a study to evaluate stenting in ...
Cossu A - - 2002
Different degrees of hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficiency are associated with hyperuricemia, uric acid nephrolithiasis and severe gout. Up to 25-30% of HPRT deficient patients, indicated as neurological variants or HPRT-related hyperuricemia with neurological dysfunction (HRND), may develop neurological manifestation, from mild to severe; the most serious ones manifesting in ...
Volta U - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the clinical and immunological features of coeliac disease patients with neurological disorders. In a large series of adult coeliac disease patients, we investigated the prevalence of neurological disorders and anti-neuronal antibodies, along with the clinical course. METHODS: Neurological symptoms were investigated in 160 consecutive patients ...
Schmutzhard Erich - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of a novel intravascular cooling device (Cool Line catheter with Cool Gard system) to control body temperature (temperature goal <37 degrees C) in neurologic intensive care patients. DESIGN: A prospective, uncontrolled pilot study in 51 consecutive neurologic intensive care patients. SETTING: A neurologic ...
Berger Joseph R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Babinski's reflex (dorsiflexion of the hellus and fanning of the toes in response to plantar stimulation) is a classic sign in neurology. Although typically elicited by stroking the plantar surface of the foot with a firm object, other means of obtaining the response have been described. METHODS: We assessed ...
Vrethem M - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The existence of chronic neuroborreliosis is controversial. The aim of our study was to investigate the existence and kind of persistent symptoms in patients previously treated because of neurological symptoms as a result of neuroborreliosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 106 patients with neuroborreliosis, according to established criteria, ...
Worthley L I G - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review the diagnosis and management of drug overdose and poisonings in a two-part presentation. DATA SOURCES: A review of articles reported on drug overdose and poisonings. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: In patients who attempt suicide it is usual for the overdose to be a therapeutic agent, although in the ...
Watling Christopher J - - 2002
In this report, the authors describe three patients with malignant gliomas who experienced paroxysmal neurological symptoms triggered by standing. The symptoms were attributed to acute elevations of intracranial pressure, an uncommon phenomenon called "plateau waves." In each instance, the attacks occurred despite the fact that the patient was receiving dexamethasone ...
Bekkelund Svein Ivar - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The presence of neurological deficits as obtained from clinical examination increases the likelihood of detecting serious underlying brain disorders. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the frequency of reported clinical neurological examination in patients referred to neurology. METHODS: We consecutively evaluated referrals to a neurological centre during a 6-month ...
Meenakshi-Sundaram Salvadeeswaran - - 2002
Wilson's disease is known for its protean manifestations; however involvement of the autonomic nervous system has not received much attention. Fifty patients with varying duration and severity of illness were evaluated for autonomic dysfunction clinically and electrophysiologically, using sympathetic skin response (SSR) and RR interval variability (RRIV) on deep breathing. ...
Marx J J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of clinically suspected reversible ischaemic deficits of the brainstem. METHODS: A total of 158 consecutive patients presenting with acute signs of brainstem dysfunction were investigated using EPI diffusion weighted MRI within 24 hours of the ...
Corcoran T B - - 2002
A thiamine deficient patient presented to the emergency department with an acute confusional state, becoming unconscious and hypotensive following the administration of 32 g of intravenous glucose over 4 hr. A dramatic clinical improvement in his cardiovascular and neurological status followed a single intra-venous dose of 250 mg of thiamine. ...
Beristain Xabier - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Intravascular lymphomatosis (IVL) is an uncommon systemic disease characterized by occlusion of small vessels by malignant lymphomatous cells. Central nervous system involvement usually presents as subacute encephalopathy, dementia, seizures, or multifocal cerebrovascular events. OBJECTIVE: To increase awareness about IVL, an uncommon cause of neurological disease. DESIGN: This is a ...
Kochar D K - - 2002
AIMS OF THE STUDY: As per WHO (1993) the assessment and analysis of local problems and an appropriate epidemiological information system is an essential part of a control programme before embarking any control activity. METHODOLOGY: Four hundred and fourty one (441) adults of strictly defined admitted cerebral malaria patients were ...
Aurelius Elisabeth - - 2002
In order to study the long-term course after herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) meningitis and/or myeloradiculitis the records of 40 consecutive patients were studied. During the year following the acute phase, verified or suspected neurologic recurrences were noted in nearly half of the patients: 1 or more episodes of ...
Hilz M J - - 2002
The neurological manifestations of Fabry disease include severe episodes of lancinating pain and burning paraesthesias in the extremities, often triggered by changes in temperature. The preferential involvement of small nerve fibres and the accumulation of storage product in the central autonomic nervous system and autonomic ganglia means that standard neurophysiological ...
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